Image provided by: University of Nebraska-Lincoln Libraries, Lincoln, NE
About Western news-Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1898-1900 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 8, 1898)
PEUITS OF THE FIELI
SECRETARY WILSON'S ANNUA1
Head of the Department of Airricul
lure Discusses Various Subjects -will
Which He Has Had to Deal in Hi
The Secretary of Agriculture , in his an
dual report , presents some consideration
relating to the general work of-the depart
nu-nt which serve as the basis for specia
recommendations and explain more full ;
the estimates already presented for tin
? nMiing fiscal year.
On the practicability of exporting dairj
. products , Secretary Wilson -says ii is no
commercially profitable to send butter t <
Europe just iwas the home demand a
present absorbs the supply. For the pur
po.se of obtaining foralairymon all thi
facts relating to the export of this article
the department -sent an agent to Paris tf
ascertain what encouragement then
would be to ship butler to that port , ant
n agonl lo Hamburg to ascertain th <
fat-to regarding customs duties , as well a ;
prohibition and other difficulties thai
inhrht meet exporters of butter to Ger
many. It was found that no line of st.'nni
ors sailing to French ports direct rouh"
furnish refrigerator space , so shipments
could not he made during hot weather.
Whenever our home .supply of finest butter
tor exceeds the home demand it can b (
profitably sent to both Franco and Ger
many. The American fanner is now soil
ing cheap grains and mill foods to tlu
Kuropoan dairymen , who moot us in European
ropoan markets with products made frou :
r.'nv material furnished by us. But there
Is no reason to believe that there is a
Kfinving tendency toward the consumption
of grains and mill foods at homo and ex
porting the products of skill and intelli
Growing Trade in the East.
The trade in American farm products is
growing in the China soas. and in order
that markets may bo opened up in Japan ,
GInna-anu other countries of the Pacific
ocean , an agent is now in that region es
tablishing agencies , to which the depart
ment will make trial shipments and gath
er all information possible for the Ameri
The Secretary recommends the exten
sion and adoption of the provisions of
the law regarding the inspection and cer
tification of moans and moat products for
export , so as to make them apply to but
ter and cheese. The brands of "pure but
ter" and "full-cream choose" should then
be affixed by United States inspectors to
such products as come up to the required
standard of quality.
This would place the good butter and
checs-e of this country in foreign markets
under the identifying label and guaranty
of the United States Government. The
dairy products of Denmark and Canada ,
which are the chief competitors of the
United States in the markets of Great
Britain , bear the inspection certificate and
guaranty of quality from their respective
government * .
The Secretary enlarges upon the need
of nature teaching in the common schools.
He says that there is a growing interest
in education that relates to production ,
and all classes of intelligent people favor
it. More knowledge by the farmer of
what he deals with every day would enable -
able him to control conditions , produce
more from an aero , and contribute more
to the general welfare.
The Secretary calls attention to the ne
cessity of his department undertaking an
investigation of the agricultural condi
tions of the insular dependencies of the
United States , emphasizing the fact that
the department should as soon as possible
put itself in a position to extend to the
producers of those new regions , largely
dependent for their prosperity upon agri
culture , the benefits which it now admit
tedly confers upon our own farmers. He
also advises the careful study of the in
sect pests and plant diseases in these isl
ands , with a view not only of discovering
preventives or remedies , but of guarding
against their introduction into the United
The report then reviews at length the
operations of the several bureaus , divis
ions and offices of the department , reports
of some of which have already been made
public. In conclusion , Secretary Wilson
expresses the opinion that a review of this
work for the past year shows it to have
been one of satisfactory growth and de
WOMEN PRAY AT THE POLLS.
Use Their Influence for Prohibition ,
but Lose the Ficht.
Jn Macon. Ga. . 500 women threw aside
their domestic duties and assembled at
the election precincts to use their influ
ence for prohibition. They formed choirs
and sang hymns and prayed at the voting
places , and their presence at the polls
made a spectacle never before seen in the
The battle was between white women
on one side and anti-prohibitionists and
negroes on the other. The women carried
church organs to the middle of the street ,
the choirs sang , and dozens of exborters
prayed to God to wipe out bar-rooms. But
the women's work was unsuccessful , as
the town voted prohibition down by 1,000
majority. The women charge fraud and
they propose to contest the election.
SUES FOR 3 CENTS AND WINS.
Tclesrraph Companies Must Pay War
At Carthage , Mo. , Judge Perkins has
rendered a decision in the case of Senator
Howard Gray vs. the Western Union Tel
egraph Company. The claim was for 3
cents for stamps charged the plaintiff af
ter the first adoption of the war tax , his
claim being that the defendants were by
law required to boar that burden. The
decision was in favor of the plaintiff for
the amount of the claim. A new trial was
denied , and also a motion for arrest of
judgment was overruled.
Men-of-AVar on Great Lakes.
A Washington correspondent says that ,
as a result Of an agreement reached by
the sub-committee of the Anglo-American
commission having the matter in charge ,
the building of uicn-of-war on the great
lakes will hereafter be permitted by both
Great Britain and Canada.
j ' Palace to Cost a Million.
* : Andrew Carnegie is to build a million
; dpllar palace on Fifth avenue , New York.
' t , _ He has purchased the two block front be
tween Ninetieth and Ninety-second streets
. / ' for ? 000,000. -
THE AMERICAN COfiniSSIONERS AT PARIS.
Whltelaw Reid Secretary Jloore. Judge Day. Senator Davis.
Senator Gray. Senator Fryc.
Feb. 35 Battle ship Maine bjpwn up
la Havana harbor.
April 20 President authorized by
Congress to Intervene in Cuba with
army and navy.
April 2J Blockading proclamation
Issued. First gun of the war iired
by gunboat Nashville In capturing
the prize Buonn Ventura.
April 23 President mils for 125,000
April 2.3 War with Spain ! s de-
April 110 Cervera's fleet sails for
May 1 Rear Admiral Dewey de
stroys entire licet of Admiral Mon-
tejo In Manila Bay.
May 11 Ensign Bngley killed at
May 19 Cervera's fleet seeks refuge
In Santiago de Cuba Bay.
May 25 President calls for 75,000
June 3 Ilobson sinks the Merrlmac
In Santiago harbor and Is taken 2
prisoner with seven volunteers *
who accompanied him.
June 10 Six hundred United States
marines landed at Caimanera.
June 13 Camara's fleet sails from
June 22 Shafter's army lands at
Daiquiri and SIboney.
July 1 Lawton and Kent and rough
riders take San Juan Hill , losing
231 men. with 1,36-1 wounded.
July 3 Cervcrn's fleet destroyed by
July 17 Toral surrenders Santiago
and eastern portion of Cuba.
July 25 Gen. Miles lands in Porto
Rico , near Ponce.
July 26 Spain proposes pence
through French Ambassador Cam-
July 31 Battle of Malate , near
Aug. 12 Spain and United States
sign pence protocol defining terms.
Aug. 26 United States peace commission - < $ >
Nov. 28 Final terms of United
States accepted by Spain at Paris.
PROVISIONS OF T1I13 TREATY.
Cession of Porio Rico to the United
Evacuation of Cuba.
Cession of the Island of Guam in the
Cession of the Philippine : vhipelago to
the United States upon the payment of
Renunciation of all claims for indem
Religious liberty in the Carolines.
Liberation of all political prisoners.
Restoration of past treaties and com
The taking over of the Island of Ku-
saie , or Uaiau , in the Carolines for a toil-
graphic and naval station.
Cable station rights at other points in
COST OF "WAR TO BOTH NATIONF.
Porto Rico 150,000,000
Cost of war 125,000,000
Loss of commerce 20,000,000
Thirty ships lost 30,000,000
United States Loses.
Maine $ 2,500,000
Cost of war 200,000,000
Indemnity to Spain 20,000,000
Lost by the United States , about 253
men killed and about 1,324 wounded.
About 2,000 men died in camp. These
figures do not include the 2G6 sailors lost
on the Maine or the men who have died of
fever after being mustered out.
Lives lost by Spain , about 2,500 killed
and 3,000 wounded. No official statement
of Spain's losses has boon made.
WHAT WE GET.
Islands. Square miles. Population.
Porto Rico 3,500 806,708
Philippines 114,326 8,000,000
Sulu 050 75,000
Guam 120 8,561
Isle of Pities 1,214 2,500
Totals 120,110 8,892,769
This does not include Cuba , area 119- ,
240 square miles , population 1,031,019 , of
which the United States has possession
pending the establishment of a stable gov
TROOPS STILL NEEDED.
Few Volunteers Can Be Released at
The muster-out of regiments in the vol
unteer army will be resumed soon after
the conclusion of the treaty of peace at
Paris. The administration is unwilling
tor more than one reason to order the dis
charge of the whole volunteer army at
present , the chief reason being , of course ,
the need of a large force to garrison points
in Cuba , Porto Rico and the Philippines.
ft Is probable , however , that within a very
short time the President will grant a few
) f the many requests for the muster-out
) f volunteer organizations , trusting that
Congress will soon make provision , by the.
ncrcase of the regular army , for the
naiutenance of strong garrisons in our
In selecting the regiments for muster
> ur , it is the intention to designate these
jrgauizations which were first sent to the
! rent , and which have been constantly
SOUSA MUST PAY UP.
Decision for Mrs. David Blakely for a
John Philip Sousa , the march king , has
> ecn ordered by the New York court lo
> ay Mrs. Ada P. Blakely , widow of the
ate David Blakely , his former manager ,
5100,000 , which may end the litigations
> f eighteen months. Mrs. Blakely claim-
id this amount due the estate from-Sousa
! or music compositions , management , and
i percentage of the profits of a tour end-
ng May 23 , 1SOT.
NOW IN THE WATER.
Battleship Wisconsin Floating in San
The battleship Wisconsin was launched
at San Francisco Saturday morning.
Thousands of spectators witnessed the
ceremony. Long before the hour appoint
ed for the launching the visitors crowded
the yards of the Union iron works , the
adjoining housetops , and the hills. Many
took places of vantage hours before the
vessel slid from the ways , and they pa
tiently stood in the cold morning air until
the ship entered the brine. Even then
they were loath to depart , many remain
ing for hours to watch the giant hull as it
floated at anchor in the bay.
The launching party , which included
prominent visitors from Wisconsin , was
given a place upon the large platform
which had been built around the prow of
the vessel. Miss Elizabeth Stephenson of
Wisconsin , to whom had been given the
honor of christening the battleship , and
little Miss Lucile Gage , daughter of Gov
ernor-elect Gage of California , who had
been chosen to touch the button that start
ed the vessel on the ways , took positions
within a few feet of the ship's prow.
Irving M. Scott of the Union iron works
chose workmen to knock away the sup
ports that held the vessel on the ways.
Almost. simultaneously Mayor Phelan
stopped forward upon the platform above
-'ul introduced Margaret Duff of the Irv-
. . M. Scott grammar school , who , on be
half of the school , presented to the battle
ship a large flag made by the pupils of the
school. Commodore Watson , command
ant at Mare Island , accepted .the colors
on behalf of the Secretary of the Navy.
"May its folds , " he said , "never float
above oppression , but be ever the signal
of liberty and freedom. Let all join with
me in the hope that it may be given to the
care of men as brave as Clark and Milli-
gan , a-nd the gallant crew of the Oregon.
We can wish no better. " Following the
unfurling of the flag Mayor Phelan read
an ode to Wisconsin , written by Clara Iza
Hardly had the Mayor ceased reading
than little Miss Gage , at the bidding of
Mr. Scott , touched the button that freed
the giant ship. The massive structure re
sponded to the touch of the button like a
thiug of life , and without the slightest jar
started down the ways. As it trembled
on the move Miss Stephenson broke the
bottle of wine upon the prow and in a
clear , full voice said : "I christen thee Wis
The dimensions of the Wisconsin :
Length on load water line , 3GS feet ; beam ,
extreme , 72 feet 2 inches ; draught dis
placement of 11,525 tons , 23 feet G inches ;
'Maximum displacement , ill ammunition
; ; nd stores on board , 12,325 tons ; maxi
mum indicated horse power ( estimated ) ,
10,000 ; probable speed , 10 knots ; normal
coal supply , SOO tons ; coal supply , loose
storage , 1,200 tons ; full bunker capacity ,
1,400 to 1,500 tons ; complement of offi
cers , 40 ; seamen , marines , etc. , 449.
ENGULFED BY THE SEA.
Passencer Steamer Portland la Lost
witu All on Board.
The steamer Portland of the Boston and
Portland Steamship Company , plying be
tween Boston and Portland , was -wrecked
at 10 o'clock Sunday morning off High
land light , and the entire crew and pas
sengers , fifty-seven persons , perished
within a short distance of land. A large
quantity of wreckage , including trunks ,
was washed ashore , and at dark Monday
night thirty-four bodies had been recov
ered from the surf by the life-saving crew
at High Head station. One body was
that of a wonvin. The vessel had a mis
cellaneous cargo aboard , valued at about
From reports that have come from New
England points it is difficult to estimate
the total loss of life and damage to ship
ping along the coast as the result of the
recent storm. The list of disasters seems
to grow , and from dispatches received it
appears that at least thirty schooners
have been wrecked at different points
from Eastport , Me. , to New Haven ,
Conn. , eighty-six schooners , have been
Iriven ashore and fourteen barges loaded
jr empty , are agrcund. In Boston harbor
ilone over forty lives and thirteen vessels
ivere lost. Twenty-four craft , went
i ground and fifteen wore sent adrift or
lamaged by fouling. The loss to shipping
, vas at least $500,000. The damage to
ailroad and telegraph companies in Boson -
: on City will foot up another § 500,000.
Shipping seems to be favored most on
he Massachusetts coast. Near Cape Cod
-that graveyard of many a ship and
; ailor twelve vessels were lost. Life-sav-
TS were vigilant and only five lives were
ost. At Salem nine vessels were lost and
welve damaged. Three men went to wat-
Ty graves. At Gloucester thirty vessels
vent ashore and were sunk. At Quincy
our vessels were wrecked. At Vineyard
laven , twenty-two vessels went ashora
ind seven were damaged. Four lives were
ost. On the Maine coast forty-seven ves-
els went ashore at Portland , Rockland
The loss of life is hard to determine. I (
s known that nearly fifty persons perish-
1 in and about Boston harbor. Reports
in other places in some cases state thai
lie crew of this or that vessel escaped.
A German author , G. Solomon , hai
written a treatise in which he recommend !
hat children should not be sent to school
ill their seventh year ; that in the firsj
ear three hours a day should be th <
uaximum of brain work , and that thi
iodily health should be looked after witl
pecial care from the ninth to the twelftl
An incendiary is supposed to have set
re to the stables of the J. D. Bouse5mill
airy , near Dug Hill , Mo. , at which nine
een valuable cows perished and mo'st o )
he buildings were destroyed. -
NEW BISHOP OF IOWA.
Rev. Dr. Morrison Steps to the Head
of the Diocese.
Rer. Dr. Theodore N. Morrison of thi
Church of the Epiphany , Chicago , wai
elected bishop of the diocese of Iowa 01
the second ballot a
the diocesan conven
tion in session at Ce
dar Rapids. Dr. Greei
was nominated b :
George A. Goodwel
of Cedar Rapids , thi
nomination being seconded
ended by the Rev. Dr
Merrill of Clinton
who demanded that ii
any one had charge ;
to make against Dr
Green they should b <
George F. Henry of Des. Moines oppos
ed the election of Dr. Green by charges
the evidence in support of which was ii
the form of a long typewritten manuscrip
which Mr. Henry admitted to be the re
port of the detective who had been hirec
to investigate the life of Dr. Green. I ;
was a mass of alleged evidence gatheret
at Shawneetown , 111. , at Chicago and ai
After the reading of the so-called testi
mony Mr. Henry concluded his argumenl
against the election of Dr. Green by de
daring that this evidence had not beer
presented as facts which had actually hap
pened , but as tending to show that there
were many rumors of misconduct on the
part of Dr. Green , and that he was there
fore not a fit man' to elect to the sacred
oflice. He urged the convention to elect
some man whose whole life had been
above the taint of suspicion.
In answer to the report read before the
convention by George F. Henry Dr. Green
arose and address
ed the convention
as follows : "Stand
ing here in the
presence of this al
tar of Almighty
God , standing here
before you , friend
or foe as you may
be , I simply make
the one denial that
an innocent man
dare make , invok
ing on himself the
judgment of the ad-
vonf God. Of pach.
of every allegation you have listened to ,
on the honor of a Christian man , I declare
myself absolutely innocent , and may God
judge between my accusers and myself. "
Col. Charles A. Clark of Cedar Rapids
spoke early in the afternoon for two hours
in defense of Dr. Green , and produced ad
ditional evidence to show that the state
ments of the detective were not founded
'iW * * '
MAP OFEW ; ENGLAND COAST.
Showing the track of the terrible gale
which destroyed nearly three hundred lives
and did financial damage beyond estimate.
on facts , and that neither were the state
ments of the persons quoted.
Dr. Theodore N. Morrison and Dr. R. C.
Mcllwain of Keokuk were then nominat
ed , and the balloting was begun. The
first ballot resulted : Morrison , 89 ; Green ,
75 ; Mcllwain , 7 ; Cornell , 4. The second
ballot stood : Morrison , 102 ; Green , 70 ;
Cornell , 3. On motion of Dr. Green , the
election of Dr. Morrison was made unan
REGULARS FOR GARRISONS.
Pew Volunteer Kejjiments Likely to
Be Sent to Cnba.
If Congress early in the session should
make provision for the increase of the reg
ular army it is quite probable that none
of the volunteer regiments now in the ser
vice will be sent to" do garrison duty in
Cuba. The troops first to be sent to Cuba
will be composed largely of regular regi
ments , so far as they are available. Plans
are maturing for the muster out of as
many volunteers now in service as is pos
sible. The demand of the enlisted men to
go home and leave the service is growing
greater and greater every day. It is well
known that the volunteers at Manila de
sire to come home , and the War Depart
ment is considering the question of send
ing regular regiments to replace those vol
unteers as soon as arrangements can be
made. The regulars who are available
Cor this service comprise those regiments
an the western coasts which saw service
CUBANS USE AMERICAN FLAG.
Insurgents Maintain Order Until
United States Troops Arrive.
The Cuban insurgents who took posses
sion of the city of Pinar del Rio upon its
evacuation by the Spanish troops under
Sen. Velasco on Monday carried the
American flag alongside the Cuban ban
ner as they entered the town. The inhab-
tants made a great demonstration in their
lonor. The insurgent commander declares
iat he took possession of the city to
maintain order until the arrival of Ameri
can troops , _
WHEELED AROUND THE WORLD.
The Mcllraihs of Chicago Have Rid
den 3OOOO Miles.
Dr. and Mrs. H. Darwin Mcllrath ot
Chicago have girdled the globe on their
bicycles. They reached Chicago and end
ed their 'round-the-world tour on Thurs
The Mcllraths started on their long
journey from Chicago Oct. 10 , 1895 , and
wheeled their way to San Francisco in 55
days. They took a steamer for Japan ,
where they spent four months wheeling ,
and then crossed to China , where their
real trials began. They went 1GOO miles
up the Yang Tse Kiang valley to the prov
ince of Hunan , into which foreigners are
not permitted to go. A number who have
attempted it have been massacred , but in
MB. AND MBS.
ignorance of the fact the Mcllraths enter
ed the forbidden ground. They were set
upon and stoned , but were eventually res
cued by officials and provided with an escort
cert to safe territory.
Then followed the journey through
Burmah , India , Persia , Russia , Austria-
Hungary , Germany. France and Great
Britain. While crossing the Kulmid Pass
in Persia Mrs. Mcllrath had her great
toes frozen , and her husband was obliged
to amputate a portion of the one on the
left foot. The Mcllraths say that they
have traveled 28,000 miles on land alone ,
and the expense of their trip was nearly
Mr. and Mrs. Mcllrath are both mem
bers of the Century Road Club of Amer
ica. The thousand miles between New
York and Chicago were covered by the
Mcllraths awheel. They were accompan
ied throughout this distance by members
of the Century Road Club , who escorted
; hem in relays. Receptions were given
them at the principal cities en route.
WHEAT NOT FIT FOR MARKET.
Snow and Rain Cause Loss to Nortli
Thousands of acres of wheat in shock
was caught by the recent snow
storm in North Nakota , and will beef
of no use except for feed. James H. Wil
son made this statement in St. Paul.
Speaking of the loss of grain to farmers
n the northern part of North Dakota , he
said that about 10,000,000 bushels of
Lost off Cape Cod with all on board.
wheat lies under snow there now. II
was not stacked , and the rain came and
prevented thrashing for several weeks ,
and was followed by snow , which prevents
its being thrashed at all. None of it will
be fit for market for flour purposes. This
wheat is all owned by farmers in a small
way , who did not have the money or in
clination to hire help to put it in stacks or
buy machines to thrash it before the wet
season came on.
BLANCO CALLS WAR UNHOLY.
Says Spanish People Will Katify Any
Treaty Offered Them.
The New York Herald prints an inter
view between its Havana correspondent
and Gen. Blanco just before the latter
sailed for Spain. Gen. Blanco said the
Spanish people would accept any treaty
entered into with the United States and
would abide by all agreements.
After denouncing the United States for
causing "an unholy war , " Gen. Blanco
said he could see many benefits that Spain
might derive from defeat. He said that
the people of Cuba and the Philippines
were Spanish in sentiment , and soon all
bitter feeling would wear away. Commer
cial relations would be revived and Spain
would find in her old colonies a greater
market than ever before. "Spain's pros
perity may dawn to-morrow , " said Gen.
Bianco. "I believe it will. "
Gen. Blanco said the United States had
taken the Philippines , but he thought the
American people were not really in favor
PHILIPPINOS ARE UGLY.
Insurgents Decide Not to Becoenize
Cession of Islands.
Madrid has advices from the Philippine
Islands saying the insurgents there have
decided not to recognize the cession of the
islands to the United States , and that
they will resist to the last. It is also
claimed that the United States will re
quire 70,000 troops to put down the re
bellion , and that the insurgents hold 10-
000 Spanish prisoners whom they will
force to serve against the Americans.
A delegation from the Spanish chambers
of commerce had an audience with the
Queen Regent and presented to her ma
jesty a petition in favor of reforms. The
delegation also asked the Queen Regent
to intercede for the release of the Spanish
prisoners in the Philippine Islands and to
pardon the Filipinos who have been trans
ported to Spain.
Kotes of Current Events.
Two hundred lepers are at large in Ma
nila , and smallpox has become epidemic
Fourteen Texans , commanded by
Lieut. Gates , have gone to Cuba for Gov
ernment police duty.
Japan has agreed to co-operate with
Great Britain in an effort to restore con
ditions in China to their former status.
Miss Sue Parberry of Sedalia , Mo , ,
dropped dead at White Sulphur Springs ,
Mont. , where she , was visiting he-r broth/
ALOER'S WAfi REPOBTy
SECRETARY REVIEWS MILITARY
Without Criticism He Traces the Move"
meat of Army and Navy Makes
-Recommendations and Gives Cost
The annual report of Secretary of War
Alger , reviewing the work of the year ,
and especially the operations in the Phil
ippines , Cuba and Porto Rico , has been
made public. It gives a general summary
of the military operations during the war.
"Soon after the declaration of war , " it
says , * 'u. movement was contemplated
looking to the investment of Havana , and
orders to that effect were issued , and also
for a reconnoissance in force along the
south coast of Cuba , but the movement of
the enemy's fleet changed these plans and
culminated in the campaign of Santiago. "
Of Gen. Miles' share in the Santiago
campaign the Secretary says :
Maj. Geu. Miles arrived off Santiago July
11 , and that evening communicated with
Gen. Shatter by telephone , and on the 1-th
arrived at Gen. Shafter's headquarters.
July 13 and 14 he , with Gen. Shatter , met
the Spanish commander under a flag of truce
between the lines to discuss the surrender
of the Spanish forces. On the afternoon of
July 14 G3n. Miles left Gen. Shafter's head
quarters and soon thereafter went on board
ship , preparatory to sailing for I'orto Rico.
July 17 the Spanish commander , Gen. Toral ,
surrendered the city , including the troops In
Santiago and the surrendered district , over
Ii3,000 men , upon our terms , and at noon
of that date the American ihig was , by order
of Gen. Shatter , hoisted over the Governor's
After briefly outlining the operations in
Porto Rico and the Philippines the report
Aug. 18 an order was Issued to muster out
100,000 volunteers , which Is being carried
out. Thus an army of about 1250,000 volun
teers and recruits for the regulars was
called into existence from civil life , which ,
with the regular army , made a total of74 , -
717 men. It was organized , armed and
equipped ( no supplies being on hand other
than those of the regulars , save the Spring
field muskets ; , and 50,000 men of this force
were transported by laud and sea to battle
fields In-the tropics 12,000 miles apart , where
they won their victories without a single de
feat , nud nil within the period of 1KJ days
from the declaration of w r to the signing
of the protocol. This great achievement can
be credited to no individual : it belongs to
Death Kate in History.
The deaths in the army from May 1 to
Oct. 1. including killed , died of wounds and
of disease * , were 2,910 , the smallest death
rate recorded of any army in history , a most
gratifying fact when it i considered that
over . > 0UOO of our troops , horn and reared
in the temperate zone , were campaigning In
tropical climates , subject to rain and heat
In view of the needs of a military force In
the islands occupied by the United States It
is earnestly recommended that the regular
army be permanently increased to 100,000
men jind the requisite officers ; that a portion
tion of thiy army be recruited from the inhabitant -
habitant of those islands , to be mustered
litto the service of the United States and
commanded hy officers of our army , discre
tion. however , to be given to the President
to make : ippuintmont of officers from the
force so n-cruited.
These men are acclimated , understand the
language and habits of their countrymen ,
and their enlistment will not only give' them
employment , but also have a tendency to
enable the Government to get Into closer
touch with their people than it would otherwise - \
wise be able to do. This would also relieved \
our people from serving in those climates tea
a large \tent , and would , moreover , enable
the volunteer- he mustered out of the ser
vice and return to their vocations of civil
life. The distinction between the regular
and the volunteer Is very sharply drawn.
The regular enters the s ° rvice because he
prefers the life of a sjldler. Not so the vol
unteer. lie enlists for an active campaign ;
when that is over and the enemy has laid
down its arms he at once desires to return
to civil life.
In the cities of Cuba , Porto Uico , and the
Philippines there should also he employed
and sworn into the service of the United
States a cons nbulary force for police duty-
men who have had experience and can speak
the laiiKunge of those islands , thus relieving
our soldiers from that work.
To supply food for the destitute , especial
ly In Cuba , is a question that must tax this
Government greatly , for a time at least.
The effort should be made to aid those people
ple by giving them work , so that they may
feel that they are earning their own bread
Instead of living upon charity.VotiId it not
be wise economy for the Government of the
United States to construct a substantial
railroad , practically the whole length of the
Island of Cuba , with branch roads to the
leading cities on the coast V Such a road
would , of course , cost a large sum , perhapa
520,000,000 , but it would give employment
to the people of Cuba , teach them habits of
industry , be an inducement for them to cul
tivate their farms and thus furnish supplies
for the laborers and for market when the
road is constructed.
This , In my judgment , is absolutely essential -
tial to the pacification and development of
that great island. It will bring Its minerals ,
lumber and agricultural products to market
and open up communication with all parts
of the island with the least possible delay.
The rend would be a good property , and
ivhen It had served its purpose for the Gov-
jrnment could be sold for its cost. If such
in Improvement is not made the Govern-
nent will , no doubt , expend fully that
tmount In charity. Even If this road be
jullt , there is immediate necessity for a
arge appropriation to relieve the destitute
An appropriation for a monument to-
5en. Grant and the promotion of the War
department's chief clerk to the rank of
ieutenant colonel are recommended.
The report says the supply of powder
vas a most troublesome question at the
nitbreak of the war. There are only "two
stablishments in this
country which man-
ifacture smokeless powder , and they own
tatents upon the process. These , how-
ver. like all other companies called to aid
he Government , responded with alacrity ,
an the works day and night , and produc-
d in a short time an ample supply.
The expenditures from ordinary appro-
nations for the fiscal year ending June
0. 1S9S. aggregated ? G2.r,34,784 , and the
rdinary appropriations for the fiscal year
nding June 30 , 1899. aggregate $55,652-
35. The estimates
of all amounts re-
uired for the fiscal year ending Jane 30
900 , aggregate ? 195,2oO,377. The extra-
rdinary war appropriations made araila-
le until Jan. 1. 1S99. amounted to S221 -
28,112 , of which $22,504.744 had been
xpended prior to July 1. 1SDS. The esti-
lates of extraordinary appropriations re-
uired for the six months ending June 30
599. aggregate ? GO,177.539. There was
[ lotted to the War Department from the
50,000.000 national defense fund the sum
E $18,794,027. '
A new counterfeit $5 legal tender- note
> in circulation.
The Farmers' Home Hotel in Perry
> kla. . was destroyed by fire. Loss $2OOoC
The customs receipts for 140"days oi
le present fiscal year amounted toS78 -
40,429. . '
At Manila , law courts have resumed
panish judges hearing civil casts and'
Linerican jutlges criminal cases. /
Hear Admiral Dewey Tvill become rankk
ig officer of the navy by the retirement *
f .Rear Admiral Bunce Dec , 2-"v . v
Powered by Open ONI