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About Western news-Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1898-1900 | View Entire Issue (Dec. 1, 1898)
The Cheviot Sheep.
This excellent shcop has been lee
much lU'glectcd by breeders on this
ide of the ocean. While it is thought
io be a mountain breed its life < is spent
only in part on verdant pastures of the
Cheviot hills , for it is bred mostly for
crossing by the Leu-esters in middle
and southern English pastures for the
London markets. The cross-bred pro
duce are excellent feeders and very
popular among the butchers , the mut
ton being of the first quality and hav
ing the flesh marbled with fat , rather
than covered with it , and is thus tender
: nd juicy. This sheep , while not the
largest , is a heavy animal , making 150
pounds at two years old Avhen well fed
on good pasture- with a moderate allow-
ance of grain. ' The fleece is rather
coarse1 , but long and glossy , and is in
ileniand for the best kinds of clothing.
American Apples in Knrope.
The United States Consul at Chem
nitz , Germany , advises Americans to
ship their apples this year to Germany.
Jf good fruit is chosen , such as will
stand a long voyage the Baldwin ap
ple , for instance he is confident that
( he business will prove to be a paying
une. Complaint"has been made in Ger
many against American fruit because
: > f the fear of the introduction of the
San Jose scale , which is one of the
most destructive diseases known to
fruit. Investigation has shown that the
fear of the Germans has been exagger-
. ited. 'It is not denied that the San
.lose scale is found in some parts of
the United States , but diseased fruit is
not shipped abroad. Such a course
would soon result in destroying the ex
port business. German experts are now
in the United States studying our fruit.
So far as known they have not advised
exclusion. Americans have much to
learn about packing fruir , but they are
gaining a strong hold in the foreign
markets. For the live years preceding
1.S90 Uio annual average of shipments
of fruit from this country to Germany
amounted to over $4.000,000. Balti
A Double Karn.
The accompanying illustration shows
a plan for a barn with double drive
ways in which the distinguishing fea
ture is the great amount of loft room.
Four gables added to the main roof
space give almost another story's ca
pacity to the barn , making it possible
to use nearly the whole of the lower
floor for stock. With a silo and the
root cellar that will be found in the
basement it will be possible to carry a
IJAHX WITtI BIG I.OFT.
large stork on the fodder that can be
stored beneath the roofs , There are
many conveniences about a double
barn , and when ono is to bo built the
R form hero given will prove an excellent
one to follow. Xow England Home
Kall-Kolliiis AViiiter Grain.
While the roller is a ; jood implement
for fining and .smoo'hinj : the surface
soil , it can very raivly be used effect
ively after winter grain is sown. Al
most all farmers agree that if soil is
heavy , it will produce better crops of
winter grain if the soil is left rough
after it is seeded. All the lumps arc
dissolved by winter freezing , and they
furnish the line , rich dust that is need
ed to fall upon the roots as they have
7)cen lifted up by frost. The only con
ditions when rolling is helpful to winter
grain arc when the soil is light , and
liable to blow away in winter. In such
case the rolling should be done as soon
as tile- grain is sown. It will pack the
light ell around the roots , and thus
' cause the wheat to make enough
growth'stV as to partially protect itself
' ' " from'whiter killing , and will lesson the
effects of winds in blowing away sur
Plowinpr I-'roxcii Ground.
1C there is a thin crust of frozen soil.
; or even a light fall of snow on the
ground when it is fall plowed. M will
'be none the worse for the soil next
i spring. The frozen soil holds up the
furrow hotter , oven though when
turned to the bottom it Is soon thawed
by the earth's internal heat. The re
sult will be that frost will penetrate to ,
the bottom of the furrow , giving the
soil a much liner tilth 1lian would bo
possible by repeatedly cultivating it.
The secret of producing choice bacon ,
s-.vs the American Swineherd , lies in ;
' : feed trough. If any one doubts :
lis , let him put two Poland-China ,
iierkshire , Chester-White , Duroc , .Tcr-
soy or any of our recognized breeds of
hogs in two different pens , feed one all
the corn he can eat until fat , and the. j
other boiled potatoes , milk , barley ou I
wheat ground fine and some pea meal
until fat ( the old country way ; . Kill
both , put in dry salt for six or seven
weeks , then take out and wash , and
hang it up in the kitchen or drying
house until thoroughly dried ; then cut
off a good , big chunk and boil it , let
it stand till cold ; then cut off a few
slices , and you will see the corn-fed
meat is not so firm , is more oily , and
not so many streaks of lean as meat
fed on barley , potatoes , milk , etc. , and
this is all the difference you or any one
else can detect.
Cats Around Barns.
The habit which many people have ol
petting cats and keeping them close by
the kitchen fire very soon destroys the
hunting instinct and makes the cat
good for nothing as a mouser. On the'
farm especially , the proper place for a
cat is at the barn , where it can makej
itself useful killing the mice or rats
that destroy the grain. It is a mistake
to suppose that a cat will suffer from'
cold while thus employed. Exercise
Avill keep the blood circulating , and the
cat will be quite as warm if kept dry
as it would be dozing by the fire , and
breathing the vitiated air that is al
ways found near the floors of dwell
ings. The cat will usually , if there is
a chair or a bed in the room , make that
her resting place.
Private Market for Butter.
A farmer who has all the facilities
and who knows how to make the best
butter ought always to sell it to private
customers , who will also take his fresh
eggs and other farm products at prices
somewhat higher than he can get in the
open market. But if he does this he
must obligate himself to supply what is
needed throughout the year , and that
it shall never be below the standard. It
is this last condition that prevents
farmers from making such bargains.
To make the best buttei in winter re
quires care in feeding , and also in han
dling milk and cream , which too many
are unwilling to undertake.
Hackney Filly Goldflash.
The hackney filly 10000 Goldflash is
the property of Mr. Alexander Morton ,
Gowanbaiik. Darvel , Scotland , winner
* - = v = -
of second prize for Challenge Cup for
best filly , three years old and under ,
London hackney show. 1S5)S.
Home IVlade Saii ajics.
There is no kind of meat food so
palatable as a well-made sausage. But
the fact that Avlion made it is almost
impossible to toll what moat it is composed -
posed of prevents many Avho only oat
Avhat they buy from using it. On the
farm the Avoll-made. Avholosome sail-
sage should be a specialty. It is a common -
mon mistake to put in too much fat.
Xot more than a quartoi of the Avhole
should be fat. If some lean and fat ot
beef , not to exceed ono-qtiarter of the
Avhole , is put in the sausage it Avill im
prove it. Much of the excellence of the
sausage depends onlw flavoring. Too
much popper and spices are found in
most sale sausages.
Onions as "Food.
Despite their disagreeable effects as
breath perfumers , the common onion is
much the most healthful vegetable
groAvn. and all Avould be healthier it'j
onions cooked in .some way Avere a pare
of the daily diet. Drinking milk after
Hie onion Avill to a great extent absorb
the odor. Those farmers Avho groAV and
use many onions keep their health bettor -
tor than do tlioso Avho are too dainty to
eat this vegetable' . In southern Europe
raAv onions arc .eaten as part of the
daily meal , laying a slice of onion on
the bread and then biting through both
together. The Spaniards have a very
mild onion that is quite commonly
The Demand for Oiiinces.
There 5 a poor apple crop this year
in most places and as a result there is
very little demand for quinces. Avhose
use as a fruit seems nioro to JIJA-C flavor
to the apple sauro thiu : : to bo oaten by
itself. The quiiifo is a very rich fruit , i
and is also hard , even Avhen thoroughly
cooked. It is 'thoroforo ' difficult of di- -
gest.ioh. But a few pieces of quince cut r
thin aiLjl plac-od in apple pie Avill give
ir. a delicious flavor.'suirh as no apple
sauce could have Avitbout it.
Variety of Feed for Stock.
Ill feeding stock of any kind it is important -
portant that it bo furnished a variety
of food. This is not mrroly a matter of (
flavor , for difforout kinds of food fur- -
uish usually different nutrition. A '
deal of the ' .
great nucci's.s of animals j
lies in the fact ,
pastured that they are j
able to select their own rations , and the
care they will take to do this indicator ' j
that this is a matter of greater importance - <
ance than it is usually considered i
A Word on Koaduiakiug.
There is no better test of the progress
ive character of a pe'ople than good
roads. This is exemplified in the early
history of the .republic. . The building
of the great national road from Wash-
jington to St. Louis , through a sparsely
'settled region of the States of Ohio , Indiana -
diana and Illinois , was the means of
settling those States. On the approach
of winter it becomes the duty of those
persons acting as roadmasters to put
the roads in good condition to meet the
necessities of travel. Gravel roads ,
where good gravel can be obtained , are
becoming more in demand than the
macadam or broken-stone roads. That
is owing to the difficulty , almost every
where in the West , of getting stone that
will resist the action of frost Roads
can be covered with gravel during the
winter as well as in summer , where the
roadbed is left in good shape by the
road leveler. In illustration , one of the
principal approaches to the city of Mus-
catiue , Iowa , over which a large pare
of the grain and produce is hauled , is
down a steep hill cut through a high
bluff. Through the cut a number of
seeps or springs made the road a bed
of mire even in midsummer. Muscatine
has a very extensive deposit of gravel
within half a mile of the city limits.
The road got so bad that the city de
cided to cover the roadbed with gravel.
This was done in winter , the gravel
being dumped on the frozen surface.
Even some of the gravel was in frozen
lumps. It was only put on from eight
to ten inches when it should have been
at least twelve inches , and yet that
street became and has remained the
best street for travel in the city , with
out mud or dust. The best gravel Is
that mixed with clay , as it packs easier
and makes a good surface. Where
mixed with sand the wheels passing
over it keeps it loose. There are few
sections where gravel cannot be ob
tained , and thus Ihe farmers can em
ploy their teams during an idle period.
It must be borne in mind that a well-
made gravel road does not call for the
constant care and repair required by
the common clay road. Chicago Rec-
A California Plan.
The State Highway Commissioners
of California have prepared a draft of
a bill that will be submitted to the com
ing Legislature and AvJiich they think
will result in good roads throughout
California. The plan is to provide that
one-half of all moneys collected in the
counties for road improvements be
placed in a separate fund , to be expend
ed on roads indicated as State high
ways , the contracts for the work to be
let by the Supervisors on plans and
specifications to be approved by the
The Legislature will also be urged to
pass a bill to the effect that when any
county completes five miles of road in
acordance with the proposed amend
ment the same shall on petition to the
Highway Commission and with the
approval of the-Governor be accepted
by 1 the State as a State highway and
maintained ] as such.
The Commissioners assert that the
counties < raise annually nearly two million -
lion ] dollars for road purposes and that
under ) the proposed amendment and
without increasing the present tax.
from j seven hundred and fifty thousand
to i one million dollars would be put into
permanent ] improvements yearly , and
that \ in the course of a few years every
county would have many miles of good
roads , which would be maintained by
the State at no expense to the cduuty.
Kesources of Southern Mexico.
Consul General Pollard sends from
Monterey a partial list of the- resources
of Southern Mexico : Coft'efc , cocoa ,
rubber , bananas , rice , tobacco , sugar
cane , pineapples , oranges , lemons , figs ,
maize , ebony , satinwood , rosewood ,
walnut , , oak , logwood , quassia , sarsaparilla -
parilla and cotton. The climate is end
less summer. Two crops of vegetables
may be raised each year. The Govern
ment has granted to a company , from
Stamford , Conu. , an immense tract of
land from which dye Avoods will be ex
ported. Intending settlers should carry
with them not less than 000 in gold ,
which , will pay all of the family ex
penses for the first year. As an in
stance of fruit culture , the consul tells
of one farm of 125 acres near Moutc-
inorclo. On it are 17,000 orange trees
and 5,000 peach trees , besides man
darins , grape fruit , Japanese plums , j
apricots , pears , lemons , olives , graphs , t
blackberries and raspberries.
A young photographer , when a ked
what sort of subjects presented the
greatest difficulties ro him , replied
without a moment's hesitation , "Ba
bies. " "I don't mean the babies themselves - !
selves , ' ' ho added. "It is not so hard to :
get what I consider satisfactory nega-
'tives of them. It's the relatives that
make all the trouble.
"For instance , " ' he continued. "I took
photographs of a little tcn-monlhs-old
fellow the other day. in six different
positions. Yesterday 1 sent the proofs
to his mother" and
, to-day-she brought
" Tm sorry , ' she said , without any
obvious grief , 'but none of these nega
tives will do. '
" 'Not one of the six ? ' I inquired ,
though I was prepared for what was to
" 'Xo , ' she said , Tm afraid not. You
see , I like this one very well , though of
course It doesn't begin to do baby jus
tice ; but his aunt Ellen says It's an ab
solute caricature of the dear little fel
low ! The one she likes , I don't care for
at all , and his papa says he never
should know for whom it was intended ,
it looks so cross , and baby is such a
" 'The one he likes , this smiling one ,
I shouldn't consider for a moment , for
it makes baby's mouth look so much
larger than it realljr is. i
" 'His grandmother chose that one.
but as cousin Fanny said , there's a
very queer look to the child's eyes in it
very queer ! However , she likes that
one where he's almost crying that
sober one. You ought to have heard
baby's grandfather when she said she
" 'He really decided the thing , for
what he said seemed so sensible. He
asked me why I didn't have some more
taken , anil see if there wouldn't be at
least one that would really look like
baby. Xow when can he sit again ? It's )
hard for me to spare the time , but you )
see it is the only thing to be done ! ' "
PROUD OF THEIR POVERTY.
2 i iie
in the Soudanese Desert.
The meaning of the name dervish is
"one who asks nothing of any living
creature. " Their pride is said to be in
their poverty. Tliey are fatalists , socialists -
cialists and believers in metempsycho
sis. Mysticism is in all they do , and a
religious zeal that is.almost insanity.
They are not priests , but the laymen of
their people. In order to become a derj
vish the applicant must pass through a
long and severe initiation ordeal , conI I
sistiug of a series of performances each
one more difficult than the last. The
closing scene is a test of personal bravery -
ery and endurance. Hot bars of iron
are handed to them , which they clasp
with delight , hugging them in a frenzy ,
to their flesh , fighting and struggling
for them , lick them caressingly , and
put them far into their mouths with a
joyful air of doing a pleasant task. The :
sheikh signifies his approval of the
manner in which they bear their torture -
ture and applies some saliva to their
wounds. Xow comes the wonderful
story of mysticism. Investigators declare - | '
clare that in twenty-four hours not a
wound is visible ; all are healed. Doubt
less the performance is a conjurer's
trick , and shows a method in their
liuxtiry or Books.
Richard De Bury once said : "The li
brary , therefore , of wisdom , is more
precious ] than all riches ; and nothing
that can be Avished for /Avorthy , to be
compared with it. " Success gives an
interesting anecdote , told by Agassiz ,
of his visit , when a young man , to the
great German naturalist , Prof. Lorenz
The professor received his guest with
warm enthusiasm , but apparent enibar-
rassment. He showed his visitor the
laboratory , and the students at work ,
also his cabinet' , and lastly his splendid
library of books pertaining to zoological
science , a collection worth some seven
thousand dollars , and Avell deserving
the gloAv of pride \vhich the owned manifested -
ifested as he expatiated on its excel-
The dinner hour came , and then the '
embarrassment of the great German
reached its maximum point.
"Monsieur Agassaz , " he said , with perturbation -
turbation , "to gather and keep up this
library exacts the utmost husbandry of
my pecuniary means. To accomplish
this , I allow myself no' luxury'Avhat -
ever. Hence my table is restricted to
the plainest fare. Thrice a week our
table boasts of meat , the other days AVC
have only potatoes and salt. I very
much regret that your visit has occurred -
red upon a potato day. " '
And so the splendid Switzer and the
great German Avith his students dined
together on potatoes and salt. And
Avhat must those students have enjoyed
in the conversation of those remarkable
Dirtiest and Liaziost. '
In the Svanctian A'illages in an inac
cessible mountain range between the
Black and the Caspian Seas live the }
laziest and dirtiest people in the world.
Their houses are stone hovels , incred
ibly filthy , and filled Avith rags and ver
min. The cooking is done in a hole
scooped out in the middle of the floor.
Throughout the long winter they are
shut in for days and AA-eeks at a time ,
the cattle sharing their quarters , be
cause of the cold. Every hole through a
Avhich ventilation might come has to
bo Closed to keep the inmates Avarm.
The horrible diseases which come be
cause of this are aggravated by the abnormal -
normal consumption of arrack , the dis.
tilled drink of the Asiatics. e
31ixetl Diet Best or Man. c
A mixed diet is apparently the best D
food for man. It is possible for man s
to subsist on vegetables alone , but he *
Avill have to take larger quantities of *
food and eat more frequently during *
The day , othei'Avise his energy Avould a
scarcely be sufficient to meet all the rs > s
quiremcnts of an active life. Yet. on
the other hand , man cannot live on a c
moat diet alone , for experience -has P
proved that indulgence in meat is di. *
rol-tly injurious to health. P
Tit for Tat.
The French ambassador of the da.v
complained to a bright EnglisliAA-oman
of high rank becouse her country failed
to intervene in the ( Franco-Prussian
Avar , ending his diatribe Avith the re
mark:1 "After all , it was to be ex- °
pected. We used to think you Avere a
nation of shop-keepers , and 'now AVO
know you are. " "And AVC , " said she , r
"used to think the French a nation of r
soldiers , and now AA-O kuoAV they are fl
not. " ' t
After a woman has 'done ' her duty to f
her kin , her church and" society , she \
has mighty little tiine 'leftfor ' duties c
that are of real importance. ' ' t
TOPICS FOB. FARMERS
A DEPARTMENT PREPARED FOR
OUR .RURAL FRIENDS.
; of Tohacco Is on the Increase
Kot Cornstalks in the Soil Growth
of Commercial Fertiliser Manufac
ture How to Judge a Horse.
A farmer sat on his porch one day.
Thinking of his fields and mcadoAVs ot
Of his tine bred horses and fine bred cows.
Of his fleecy sheep and his full-blooded
He thought of the Avork o his hands and
It took those traits in his pots to train ;
How he had labored and toiled night and
To make good breeds that would always
But never once did he think of the hen
That was out in the yard singing just
You see she was a mongrel , a half-breed ,
Just come up , you know , like an old weed.
But nevertheless she had bought and paid
For the cloth of which , his pants we're
She often furnished full half his meal ,
For it' he didn't get eggs he'd be sure to
His hat she furnished the eggs to buy ,
And I am not sure but she bought his tie.
His shoes , which were of the very best ,
Came also from old biddy's nest.
Tiist then his wife came out with a pan
Filled half full with com meal and bran.
She gave the hen a gill or two ,
Saying. "My good old friend , how are
The farmer looked up in a dreamy way
And with a scowl on his face begau to say ,
"Those old hens don't begin to pay ,
For they do nothing but eat and lay. "
These last two words were spoken by his
Who had worked with-poultry all her life.
Said she , "Look here , they're our best
For , they furnish all the-money we have
to spend. * '
She showed him how the mortgage was
By the many eggs that biddy had laid.
"Well , we'll get a new breed next year , "
He said as he kissed his wife so dear.
Preparing Ground for Tobacco.
The growing of tobacco seems to been
on the increase and to be coming more
into prominence every year ns an agri
cultural crop. The zone of its influence
seems to be enlarging in an agricultural
sense. Parts of the country tha.t were
formerly regarded as unfitted for the
growing of this plant are coming into
prominence as tobacco growing regions.
The tobacco plant holds a unique place
in our agriculture. We cannot look up
on it either as a food or ornamental
plant. In itself it is a poisonous weed.
It was formerly thought that tobacco
growing greatly exhausted the ground ,
but under proper methods this is be
lieved now not to be the case.
Growers of tobacco say that the cul
ture of the soil should begin a long
time before the culture of the plant , to
get the best results. The land should
be thoroughly plowed and harrowed in
the , fall. Stable manure should be used
in large quantities. This should be
done in the fall to give the manure
time to decay , as the tobacco plant
grows so rapidly that there is no time
for manure to undergo chemical
changes after the seed has sent out the
shoot. It is advised to avoid the use of
manures too heav.ily nitrogenous , and
to use considerable potash. After the
plants are on the ground cultivation
should be frequent and thorough.
Rotting Corn Stalks.
Farmers are coming to realize more
and more that the cornstaiks should not
be burned that by rotting them in the
soil its physical texture would be im I
proved so as to resist drought better.
The problem is , how to get them suf
ficiently decayed the first season.
Where corn is cut up and shocked ,
first break the stubs as mtich as prac
ticable and use the stalk-cutter. Fol
low ( this with disk harrow , mixing the
corn stubble and top soil together.
This stubble in contact with the soil
all winter , absorbing water from rain
and snow , freezing and thawing while
damp , will by spring become fozy and
discolored and so far decayed that
when turned under it will soon disin
tegrate. If the crop is not cut up ,
gather the corn as soon as it can be
cribbed ; pasture it at once if it is want
ed for pasture , and break down the re
maining stalks , treating them in the
same way as already suggested. If
the stalks can be partly or wholly rot
ted ( in this way they are worth more to
feed to the next crop than their A-altie
as pasture. Test both stubble and
stalks this winter. It may not be the
best way , but it may Jead to the dis
covery of a much better way to dis
pose of the stalks than ' by burning up
that which is so much 'needed to im
prove the physical texture of our soil ,
even if it does not acid much nitrogen.
Kansas Farmer. .
One of the industries which have de
veloped in huge proportions in the last
third of a century is the manufacture
of commercial fertilizers. The annual
production of fertilizers now reaches in
value about 40,000,000 , and the business
ness is increasing rapidly. A great 1
many of the best chemists in Europe
and America are devoting their lives to
the study of the subject and to devising
combinations to cheapen and improve
fertilizers. Farmers have become so
well advised as to the kind of fertiliz
ers they need for various soils that they <
cannot be imposed on. They know what i
they want as well as Hie manufacture'
ers , and if. the suitable goods are not
offered they make no purchases. Su
perphosphates , pota j , salts , nitrate
and ammonia salts , industrial byproducts
ucts , such as tankage , dried blood , cofc-
ton-sced meal , etc. , iiro tire prlncpial
elements from which the standard fer
tilizers arc compounded. Production of
fertilizers has been greatly cheapened , ;
and as the goods are reduced In prlco
the market for them broadens. An experienced
perienced manufacturer makes the prediction -
diction that within ten years the pro-j
duction will aggregate $100,000,000 an
nually. The Agricultural Department
is paying especial attention to this sub
How to Buy a Horse.
If you want to buy a horse , take iia
man's word for it. Your eye is you ?
market. Don't buy a horse in harness.
Unhitch him and take everything oft
but the halter , and lead him around. If
he has any failing , you can see it. Let
him go himself away , and if he walks
right into anything you know he Is
blind. No matter how clear and bright
his eyes arc he can't see any more than ,
a bat. Back him , too. Some horses
show their weakness or tricks in that
way when they don't in any other. But ,
be as smart as you can , you'll get
caught sometimes. Even the experts
get stuck. A horse may look ever so
nice , and go a great pace and yet have
fits. There isn't a man who could tell
it until something happens. Or be may
have a weak back. Give him the whip
and off he goes for a mile or two , then ,
all of a sudden he stops on the road. .
After a rest he starts again , but soon
stops for good , and nothing but a der
rick can start him. Southern Stock
How to Make a Cheap Ice House.
Select or make a level place of ground
near the house where least exposed to
the summer sun , and cover it with any
kind of cheap boarding. Leave space *
between the board for drainage. Place
stout posts at each corner , the two ab
the front being 2 feet higher than those
at Ihe back , to support the slanting
roof. Xail rough boards all around to
the height of li 4 feet and then nail
similiar ones to the inside. Fill up this
space on all sides witli sawdust or tan
bark , and cover the floor to a depth of
10 inches with the same. Select a
freezing day , when the ice is in its best
condition for storing. Have the icek
cut in as large squares as can be han
dled , and pack it as closely and evenly
as possible , and fill up all gaps with ,
pounded ice , also turning water over
each layer. Xail on more boards when
the space is filled , and put in more ,
layers of ice until enough is stored for
a summer's use ; then cover the top
with sawdust or tanbark 2 feet deep ,
and build over it a roof of boards cov
ered with slabs. When ice Is removed
from it , care must be taken to replace
the covering as completely as possible.
Whitewash the Farm Buildings.
The most durable whitewash is that
used by the United States Government
for painting lighthouses. It is made of
three parts fresh Rosendale cement
and two parts of clean fine sand , well
mixed with clean water. It must be
kept well stirred when using and the
wall must be wet with clean water just
before applying th whitewash , which
should be as thick' ' as it can be con
veniently spread with a whitewash
brush. A good , double whitewash is
made by slaking half a bushel of fresh.
lime with boiling water , dissolve G
pounds of fine salt in water and thor
oughly cr mix this with the slaked lime
and strain it through a fine sieve of
coarse cloth , add half a pound of pow
dered Spanish whiting and one pound
of ! clean glue , which has been dissolved
in warm water , add to this five gallons
of clean hot water and stir it well over
a slow fire until it is thoroughly heated
and well mixed , then set it away for a
day or two so it will become well sea
soned , and when using it keep it
thinned with hot water to a. consis
tency that can be readily applied with
a ! white-wash brush and spread it while
Feeding "Whey to
Whey contains more nutritive value
than it is popularly supposed to have.
Though most of the fats and caseiue.
have been taken from it. there is a
small proportion of both of these that
goes through the press. These Lave
some value , but not enough with the.
large proportion of water to befed"
alone. There is .also some sugar which
makes the pigs fond of whey so they
will eat until they are distended with
whey , while growing poor in flesh and
not gaining in weight at all. But mix
some corn and oat meal with this whey ,
and add the least bit of linseed meal.
and the whey becomes altogether a dif
ferent food. It might be said that the
whey contributes nothing of value to
the ration. It does , for it makes Jt more
palatable if given in moderation. The
sweet in the whey makes it an' appe
tizer , to encourage the animal to eat
more than it otherwise would.
Strawberry Plants in Hills.
To successfully grow strawberries in
hills the land must be very rich , and
this causes many runners to start out.
Xow. if these runners are allowed to
form leaves and do not strike root , and
a great quantity of them are cut off all
at once , it is not only a great waste , but
it throws the plant out of balance of
root and foliage , and thus weakened it
is liable to be attacked with rust. If
the runners are clipped before leaves
form it at once proceeds to form.new
crowns and fruit buds and its roots and
foliage will not be thrown out of har
mony. There will be little difficulty of
this sort if runners are cut every week ,
Michigan Fruit Grower.
Quince Flavoring : for Apple Pies.
Whenever apples are cooked for pie&
or sauce a quince sliced up and cooked
with them greatly improves the flavor.
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