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About Western news-Democrat. (Valentine, Neb.) 1898-1900 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 24, 1898)
The first appropriation bill to bo intro
duced at the approaching session of Congress -
, . gross v.ill be one to carry forward the
' expenditures on account of the war with
1 Spain. By the explicit terms of the bills
passed at the last session , making provisiOn -
. iOn for the army and navy , authority to
T expend the money appropriated expires
on Dec. 31 , so that it will lie necessary to
prepare and enact , before the holiday recess -
, cess , legislation extending the period to
June 30 next. th - end of the iiscal year.
This is the view of Chairman G/innon
of the House Committee on Appropria
The President and Secretary Alger have
agreed to make the same reeommenda-
tion in regard to the proposed increase of
the regular army. Secretary Alger , in his'
annual rei rt. and the President in turn ,
in his annual message to Congress , will
* recommend that the standing army be
placed on a permanent peace basis of
, 1QU.000. The President's decision to ad-
voreilo an army of 100,000 is taken as an
indication that he thoroughly appreciates
- ' the necessity of properly garrisoning the
ne\v possessions and dependencies with j
i United State * * troops.
In his annual report the Secretary of
\Var will recommend an increase of the
numerical strength of the mili'-iry academy -
' emy to not fewer than HOO cadets , and he
may decide to ask an increase to 700 ,
. which is the maximum capacity of the
. building. The number of cadets at West
. Point now is . ' 570 , but if the army is dou
bled in strength.it will be necessary to
double ill'- number of oiHcers. and for the
same r-'ason the number of cadets.
The Government has decided to investi
gate'the race troubles in South Carolina
in respect to the interference with the
- duties of Federal officers. This is the only
" extent to which the Government can go ,
-as it is considered that the other difficul
ties are merely local , and therefore not
wiihin the province of the national gov
ernment. The investigation will be con
ducted by the Department of Justice.
A , heavy and continued demand exists
-lor American corn in south Africa , according -
. cording to United States Consul General
_ Stowe at Cape Town , who has made a
"special report to the State Department on
rilic .subject of American trade in that sec-
tion. Corn is quoted at $3.52 per htni-
* dred pounds in Cape Town and § 4.44 in
Johannesburg , and the supplies do not sat
isfy the demand.
President Mi-Kinky has practically
completed his message to Congress , for
while it is not all -written the remainder
is carefully outlined. It will deal almost
exclusively with the war and -will give the
reasons lor the pronounced advocacy of
expansion by the administration. Atten
tion is also called to the necessity for an
increase in the regular army.
According to a. ruling made by the Post-
olfice Department the postmasters
throughout the country are prohibited
from passing out mail matter to children
while going to and from school. The department - '
partment made this ruling on .account of
the numerous complaints made of mail
matter lost by children.
The positive statement by Chairman
Dingley of the House Ways and Means
Committee that there will be no revision
-of the existing war revenue law short of
a year , renders it certain that the Govern
ment will have an unusually large amount
> f cash to expend during the next twelve
There are evidences that the influential
people behind the monetary commission !
will bring pressure to bear on the Presi
dent to call nn extra session of Congress
in the early spring. They want the cur
rency reformed on the lines laid down by
the Indianapolis conference.
Attorney General Griggs has rendered
a decision that a person may draw money
on a check without a revenue stamp pro
vided the check be payable to himself
from his own funds.
* " " " "
The first < tate dinner of the season was
given at the White House Wednesday
evening , when the President and Mrs.
McKinley entertained fifty guests in hon
or of the Anglo-American commissioners ,
It is said that the bookmakers at Chi
caL'O the past season lost § 250,000.
Kliey Grannan has been heating tht
bookies at the California race tracks.
The percentage of the Chicagos this
.year is the best since the twelve-clul
It has been figured that during the Na
tional League season 173 times pitchei >
were driven off the slab by opposing bats-
.Io < - ky Dick Clawson will get a salary
from WtirneyPaget of $7.500. besides
lieing paid the regular sum for winning i I
ami Iqsing and outside mounts. A few
years ago Dick thought he had a good joh
when he was picking strawberries at 50
cents a day.
The total membership of the League of
American AVheelmen is 78,077. Pennsyl
vania has 17.702 and New York 17GS ( .
Massachusetts is third.
James Daly > fxBv.iTah. > . who was Cor-
bett's sparring partner several years ago.
lias been appointed bo'Ijig instructor'of
the Buffalo Athletic Crub. si ml will retire
from the ring.
It is generally agreed .that it was a la ( ,1 ,
mistake- abolish tin- lining system in the
National League-last season , and in 185) ) ! )
'it Is apt to cost ajijlayer a bit of his sti I
pend if. he darefc uriaunpire to put him off .t
THEY DREW STRAWS
And Jim Hart to Tend the Cattle While
Unrry Helped Whip Spain.
Upon the edge of Cataract Canyon , ID
Arizona , forty miles north of the
nearest town , Williams , "Jim" Johnson
Bits in a grazer's cabin and waits foi
the return of his "nard , " "Harry" J ,
Sellers , who is a member of Troop A ,
Rough Riders. "Harry" and "Jim"
have been partners for twenty years ,
and they now own a big herd of cattl
which they graze on the Arizona pla/
In order to keep drinking water foi
llieir cattle in the dry months of the
year , they have dammed up part oi
the canj'on , and there they keep
enough melted snow to water theii
stock all summer.
It was in April that Sellers rode down
to Williams to buy provisions and get
his semi-annual supply of news of the
world. When he heard that the Maine
had been sunk and that Major Brodis
was trying to get up a regiment of cow
boys , he put spurs to his horse to tell
"Jim" the news and to get ready to gc
to the front. "Jim" listened , and then
' took down his rifle and begun to clean
"What are you doing , Jim ? " inquired
' "Going to jiiie , " said "Jimas he
continued the polishing.
! "Now , look here , Jim , we can't both
go. Somebody's got to' look after iho
cattle. Let's draw lots to see who goes.
If he's killed the other man will have
the cattle. "
"Jim" agreed , and two straws were
procured. "Jim" got the little stra v
and had to stay at home. It nearly
broke his heart when Harry rode off to
war. Harry has written him several
letters describing the "fun" at La
Quasina and San Juan in order to cheer
A Picturesque Career.
One of the strange and picturesque
careers of the present day is that of the j
present chancellor of Korea , Gen. Clar
ence Greathouse , who , although a Kentuckian -
tuckian by birth , is the personal advis
er of the King of Korea. Greathouso
won a State reputation in Kentucky
while yet a young ma as attorney gen
eral , and in 1S70 moved to California
and soon became the counsel for sever
al big corporations. He also practically
founded the San Francisco Examiner ,
but soon retired , taking up journalism
again , however , when Cleveland was
first nominated , and doing such excel
lent service that he received as a re
ward the post of consul general at
Yokohama. Being something of a bon
vivant , a capital raconteur , and having
a taste for Oriental life , he soon be
came popular with the Japanese. In
1893 , while at Seoul on a visit , he met
the King of Korea , who was greatly
attracted by the fascinating and ac
complished American , and offered him
a position at court , at first as minister
of postal affairs and afterward as chan
cellor. In the latter capacity he has
been able to render his sovereign many
services , among others that of detect
ing and punishing the conspirators who
had prepared to blow up the King and
all his court. The general , who is now
( about 55 years old , still dresses in
'American style , but lives in oriental
splendor in the government or royaj
Swallowed a Hole.
The other day Jimmie , 4 years old ,
found one of those bone-rknined circles
which , I believe , ladies call eyelets , and ,
while playing in the garden , swallowed
It. The family were in the house busily
engaged with a work on entomology ,
when Jimmy ran in , with mouth wide
open , and eyes distended to their ut
most capacity. His mother caught him
by the arm , and trembling with that
deep anxiety which only a mother can
feel , inquired :
"What is the matter ? What has hap
pened ? "
"Water ! " gasped little Jimmy , nearly
scared to death.
It was brought him. when , after
drinking copiously , he exclaimed :
"Oh , mother , I swallowed a hole ! "
"Swallowed a hole , Jimmy ? "
"Yes , mother , swallowed a hole , witij
a piece of ivory around it ! "
Another Liorig-Felt Want.
"It's no use talkin' , " said Mr. Corn-
tossel , as he knocked the ashes out of
his pipe. "This gover'rueut ain't run
"What's the matter ? " asked the
. "There ain't enough people to do the
work. They're tryin' to put too much
onto the war department. When it
was decided to have a war , the war de
partment applied fur men an' got 'em ;
it went ahead an' licked the Spaniards
an' wound the business up in a few
months. War was easy. But if they
want to open up an office that won't
have anything but busy days an' all
kinds of trobule , let 'em make arrange
ments fur a peace department"
Divorc by Canilles.
When a Burmese husband and wife
decide to separate the woman goes out
and buys.two little candles of equal
length , which are made especially for
this use. She brings them home. She
and her husband sit down on the floor ,
placing the candles between them , and
.light them simultaneously. One candle
stands for her , the other for him. The
one whose candle goes out first rises
and goes out of the house forever , with
nothing but what he or she may have
on. The one whose candle has survived
the longer time , even by a second , takes
every thing. So the divorce and divi
sion of the property , if one can call that
a division , are settled. Amrita Bazar
It's always tough on the tight rope
walker when he steps from the strait
and narrow path.
Satan never gets tired of jollying people
ple who Imagine they are prize beau-
AND NOW THEY'RE MAKING EGGS OUT OF MILIC.
THE BATTLESHIP ILLINOIS.
flic Will Be One of the Most Power
ful Vessels in Uncle Sam's Navy.
The battleship Illinois , which was re
cently launched at Newport News , Va. ,
will be one of the most powerful ves
sels in Uncle Sam's navy. Her dimen
sions are : Length on load water line ,
308 feet ; beam , extreme , 72 feet 2 .
inches ; draft on normal displacement
of 11,525 tons , 23 feet G inches ; maxi
mum displacement , all ammunition
and stores on board , 12,325 tons ; maxi
mum Indicated horse power ( estima
ted ) , 10,000 ; probable speed , IG'/i knots ;
normal coal supply , 800 tons ; coal sup
ply , loose storage , 1,200 ; full bunker
capacity , 1,400 to 1,500 tons ; comple
ment of officers , 40 ; seamen , marines ,
etc. , 449.
The main battery will consist of 4 13-
inch breech-loading rifles in Hichborn
balanced turrets , oval in shape , and
placed in the center line of the vessel ,
and 15 6-inch rapid-fire guns. The sec
ondary battery will consist of 1G G-
pounder , rapid-fire guns , 4 1-pounder ,
rapid-fire guns , two Colt guns , and two
field guns. She will carry four tor
pedo tubes. The 13-inch guns have an
arc of fire of 135 degrees on each side
of the center line , and the G-inch an ,
THE BATTLESHIP ILLINOIS.
arc of 90 degrees on the broadside , with
the advantage of those on the upper
deck of a direct fire ahead and astern.
Any injury to or near either of these
six-Inch i guns will be confined to its
own ii i compartment , as a 1 % steel splin
ter bulkhead separates each of these
guns from its neighbor.
Four powerful electric searchlights
are also provided two on top of the
forward charthouse and two on each
side of the after military mast all hav
ing an elevation of 25 feet above the
water line and commanding a complete
Russian Marriage Ceremonies.
In Russia there are some quaint mar
riage customs. The ceremony , as per
formed by a priest , includes the bless
ing of bread , after which he .loins their
hands , asking each in turn whether
they will vow to be good to each other
and to keep house well. A wreath of
wormwood is then placed on their
heads , symbolizing that even amid the
happiness of married life there is a
possibility of bitterness , and a conclud
ing benediction is pronounced. A strik
ing custom follows. The priest drinks
their health in a gilt wooden bowl , and
Is imitated by husband and wife , the
former of whom subsequently dashes
It upon the ground , crushing it under
his feet and shouting terrible impreca
tions : "Let them be trampled upon
and confounded who maliciously en
deavor to create ill-will and do ill office
between us. " Yet another quaint and
somewhat characteristic Russian cus
tom follows. On reaching home the
bridegroom orders his wife to take off
his boots , at the same time saying there
is a whip in one and a purse in the
other. Upon the fortune of her first
choice the poor wife forecasts the se
verity or liberality of the man to whom
her life is committed.
Mutilation , ol" Teeth by Savage * .
Mutilation of the teeth is practiced
by mauy of the savage or uncivilized
nations of the world. In the Malay
Archipelago the natives file their teeth
into points like those of a saw , or pierce
them with holes into which they rnsert
studs. The Macassar people sometimes
pull out two front teeth , in order to
supply thei" place with teeth of pure
gold or silver. Some African tribes
knock out their front teeth on the
ground that they do not wish to look
like wild beasts. On the Upper Nile
four front teeth are always knocked
out , but farther south only the two up
per incisors are dispensed with. . The
Sunda Islanders sometimes blacken all
the teeth , but two with burned cocoai
nut , covering the two cxcepted teeth
with tin plates of gold or silver. The
same tribe are in the habit of employ
ing their old women to dress up the
teeth of the youths and maidens ai
wooing times. The canine teeth are
filed to a line smooth edge , and the
body of the tooth made concave , or
they will notch the edge of the teeth
like a fine saw as an additional mean *
It Looked Biuf.
A certain young lady , against whom
appearances certainly looked dark ,
once had an amusing experience of un
just judgment. She went out on a
stormy day , and was uuforunatq
enough to have her umbrella turned in
side out. Her two sisters were equally
unlucky , and on the following day the
young lady volunteered to take the
three umbrellas to be repaired.
Promising to call for them before she
returned home in the afternoon , she
went about her business , part of which
was to do some shopping in a large city
establishment. On rising to leave the
shop , she mechanically put out her
hand to take possession of an umbrella
that was close by. It looked like her
own , and for the moment she had for
gotten the accident. She was soon
brought to her senses.
"That is my umbrella , " said a sharp
voice at her side , and a hand was laid
on her arm to detain her.
Apologizing for her thoughtlessness ,
she left the shop , did the rest of her
business , and called for her umbrellas.
In the street-car she met an indignant
pair of eyes. Where had she seen them
before ? They scanned first her face ,
and then the burden she carried.
"Three of them ! " muttered the owner
of the eyes , and it was evident that she
referred to the umbrellas. "Three !
She's din no bad the day ! "
As she spoke she grasped her own
umbrella tightly , and moved farther
away from the dangerous young lady.
The color came into the cheeks of the
latter. The speaker was her friend of
the morning , and she evidently believ
ed that the umbrellas had been stolen
from different establishments in the
city. And the worst of it was , it look *
cd as if it might be so.
Only One Way.
An exchange tells a story of a judg *
who could not control his temper , and
j so could not control other people. One
day there was unusual disorder in the
court-room , and at last the judge could
endure it no longer.
"It is impossible to allow this pen
sistent contempt of court to go on , " he
exclaimed , "and I shall be forced to go
to the extreme length of taking the one
step that will stop it ! "
There was a long silence ; then one of
the leading counsel rose , and with jusi
a trace of a smile , inquired : "If il
please your honor , from what date wiU
your resignation take effect ? "
Victoria's Views Broader.
Queen Victoria , as she grows older ,
becomes broader and more liberal 01 ;
many questions , especially coucerninj ;
the observance of the Sabbath , much
to the distress of many of her worthy
subjects. Last spring , in going to and
from Riviera , for the first time in her
life she traveled on Sunday.
The double-entry system of book
keeping , now in common use , was first
practiced in Italy in the latter part of
the fifteenth century.
If Justice is like most women , she
drops her scales every few hours to
get in them and see how much , she
A ProGtable Industry , Althoncli
cult to Follovr.
One of the most profitable industries
down on the coast of Maine is "lob-
sterin' . " It is a laborious occupation ,
and those who follow it have to endure
much hardship and exposure and many
perils from the sea. Lobsters are
jcauglit on rocky bottoms in "traps" or
"pots , " which are made of hickory sap
lings after the fashion of a crockery
crate. At the two small cuds holes are
arranged Avith spikes of flexible wood
running to a focus , so that the lobster ,
tempted to enter by a bait hung from
the center , finds it impossible to get
out. The most common bait are cod
fish heads and fish which are too plen
tiful and unpopular to be salable in
anarket. The pots are submerged in
two or three fathoms of watet with
stone sinkers , and their location mark
ed by short logs of wood fastened to
jthem by ropes and allowed to float on
Twice a day , at sunrise and sunset ,
the pots are visited , and the lobsters
are taken out and thrown into a chest
In the boat , with a lot of seaweed to
keep them fresh and give them "some
thing to chaw on. " After the pots have
all been emptied the lobsters are all
taken to a large "float" at some con
venient spot , where they are trans
ferred to a tank and kept until called
Lobsterers who are convenient to
( towns sell most of their catch in the
local market. Those who are working
at distant and isolated spots along the
coast are visited every week or ten days
by tugs fitted up with large tames or
reservoirs , capable of holding from 10-
000 to 15,000 lobsters. These vessels
patrol regularly up and down the coast ,
and when their tanks are full drop in at
Boston or New York and unload.
The life of the lobsterer is lonely , as
well as dangerous. He generally lives
alone in a cabin on a rocky island ,
cooks his own meals of fish and bacon ,
and spends his days catching bait for
his traps. Nearly all of them have lob
ster "farms , " where the undersized lob
sters and those with spawn are impris
oned in salt water ponds to grow and
breed. The law protects the traffic by
imposing a heavy fine upon the sale of
small ones. Chicago Record.
Hook-down caps are ventilated by
eyelets inserted in the front of the cap
to correspond with holes formed in the
front-piece to admit air to the forehead
and interior of the cap.
To assist in holding wearing apparel
while darning holes therein the materi
al is stretched over a flexible metal
ring , the ends of which lap each other
and engage one of a series of catches
to expand the ring to the proper size.
For locking the wheels of baby car
riages while standing , a new device
consists of a rubber band attached to
the body of the wagon , and having a
hook on the loose end to engage the
rim of the wheel and prevent it frc'ji
A handy device for florists' use is a
hooked rod for picking up single flow
er pots without the necessity of mov
ing a large number , a sliding bar on one
side of the rod closing the aperture be
tween the hook and the end of the rod
to grip the edge of the pot.
To facilitate the opening o paper
bags two notches are cut in the mouth
of the bag on either side of the center ,
or two ears are placed in like positions ,
to extend past each other , in order that
they may be grasped separately to
spread the mouth of the sack.
Merry-go-rounds are being built in
England in which the animals jump
hurdles fixed at intervals around the
course , the horses being suspended
from rollers running on a circular over
head track , undulations being formed
in the track of the proper shape to lift
the rider at each hurdle.
An English inventor has patented a
life-saving vest to be worn on sea voy
ages , which is shaped bke an ordinary
vest and may be worn as such , inflat
able pockets being provided , which are
filled with air through a mouthpiece |
carried in the pocket and attached tea
a tube connected with the interior of
The Royal Arms.
All unknowingly , for the most part ,
the members of the congregation of old
St. Paul's Church , in New York , gaze
every Sunday at the arms of the future
King of England. On the canopy of
! the old-fashioned pulpit , which is one
of the pepper-box style of a century
ago , are the three ostrich feathers , and
the crown that for many generations
have coistituted the arms of the Prince
of Wales , the heir to Britain's throne.
The feathers stand out gracefully in
the center of the oak canopy. They are
all carved wood , handsomely gilded ,
and form an attractive ornamentation
to the pulpit.
It is argued that these royal arms
survived the storms of revolutionary
days. An incensed mob traveled
through New York City when hide-
peudence had been declared , destroying -
ing every sign that represented the
monarchy from whose chains they had
cut themselves free. Nothing was re
garded as sacred by this mob. When
its tour was over the royal arms were
hard to find in New York City. Some
few signs escaped the ruin , but not for
long. They were smashed as soon as
attention ( vas called to their presence.
The relic in St. Paul's Church was
passed unnoticed , and has survived to
The New Paris Telescope.
We gather from an article in La Na
ture that M. Gautier , the well-known
optician , "is making good progress with
the construction of the giant telescope
intended for the great exhibition at
Paris in 1000. The aperture will be
1.23 meters (49.2 ( Inches ) , and the focal
length meors (190 ( feet 10
while the estimated cost Is
francs. An equatorial mounti
dome for sncb a gigantic
considered impracticable , ,
may well be
and accordingly the telescope itself
be rigidly fixed in a horizontal pos tlon
, and will receive
on supports of masonry
ceive the Kglit of the h-a.venly bouies
after reflection from a movable plane
mirror two meters in diameter. The
plane mirror Is thirteen inches taiclr
kilogrammes , and It
and weighs 3,600
is curious that of twelve disks cast .or
the purpose , the first one turned out to-
be the best. This has been in process !
of grinding for seven months , and is-
not yet finished.
There will be two objectives , one pho-j
tographic and one visual , which willj
be easily interchangeable at will. Ic
is expected that a magnifying power of
0,000 will be usefully employed , andj
that occasionally a power of 10,000 mayj
be used. As the highest power availa
ble in the largest existing telescope fioesj
not exceed 4,000 , the new instrument ,
if it be the success that everyone will )
wish , should have a wide field of use
The English author most popular in
Holland is said to be Ian Maclaren.
Dr. A. Thesleff , a Finnish scholar ,
who has spent several riionths among
the gypsies of Northern Sweden and
Norway disguised as one of their class , '
will shortly publish a work on their
language , life and manners.
Constable & Co. are to publish a com
plete library edition of Smollett'a
works in the same general style aa
their recent edition of Fielding. Itwill
consist of twelve volumes and will
have an introduction by W. E. Henley.
Mrs. Craigie , who is still called on
her title pages and the announcements
of her plays "John Oliver Hobbes , " is
engaged upon the sequel to her lasl
novel , "The School foi" Saints , " and is
also at work upon a historical pla
which will be called "Gwendolene an < J
Locrine , " but neither of the works will
be before the public for some time to
Wemyss Reid declares that the orig
inal of Rochester in "Jane Eyre" was
the brother of Charlotte Bronte's
friend , Ellen Nussey , and was a West'
riding merchant who had all the unpol-j
ished force and dogged egotism which
sometimes marked the Yorkshire mag
nate in those days. "Charlotte , " Mr. .
Reid adds , "idealized him into Roches
ter and planted him in the midst of cir-j
cumstances of which his own life knewj
The death of Mrs. Lynn Linton calls
attention to the circumstances that
many of the most famous women nov
elists come of a clerical stock. Jane |
Austen was the daughter of a Hamp-j
shire rector , the Brontes were the
daughters of the vicar of Hawortb ,
Olive Schreiner is the daughter of a
South African missionary , and Mrs.
Humphry "Ward is the granddaughter
of the Rev. Thomas Arnold , the famous
headmaster of Rugby.
The sixpenny editions abroad of the !
best books of well-known modern au-j
thors seem to have hit the popular !
taste. Rider Haggard's "King Solo-j
mon's Mines" ran to 100,000 copies andj
is being reprinted. This was followed ,
by "Treasure Island , " which has done
almost as well , and now Cassells are
announcing Mr. Quiller Couch's "Dead
Man's Rock , " a book of adventure that' '
is less known , but which is likely to
rival the popularity of its two prede *
Mme. Patti's Burglar Alarms.
Visiting Mme. Patti's superb castle in
Wales , a guest not long ago had a very
curious experience. He chanced to
open his window in the middle of the
night , and , to hjsfmr rise , bells began -
gan to ring in every quarter _ ± lie
grounds. ' N _
Very much scared , but realizing that
he had , after all , only set a burglar
alarm going , the guest descended to re
assure the household , when he instant
ly found himself in danger froma -
dozen roving dogs , who had obtained
their freedom and were growling and'
snapping in the ugliest manner.
At breakfast next morning he learned-
all about this curious fad of Mme. Pat
ti's and wondered at it. The singer
has a great dread of burglars. Some
time ago a gang of these gentlemen
from London attempted to obtain ad
mittance , but were defeated in their
object , and since that date Mme. Patti
has set up every kind of burglar alarm
The queer part about one of these is ,
however , well worth noticing. Her
largest dog , an enormous brute , who
might be relied on to cope with a I'rttle
army of thieves , is kept rigorously
chained in a patent kennel , bnt the
chain Is so arranged that should any
one attempt to open a window or a
door in the castle the dog is released
and free to rove at his pleasure , it be
ing presumed that he would at once
make for the burglars and do his duty.
The idea is ingenious and , as the guest
discovered , not a little dangerous.
" \Vhcii They Are Loud.
Bilkins Who was it wrote "Action
speak louder than words ?
Harper I don't know , but I'll bet the
thought occurred to him while he waa
trying to sneak upstairs at 3 o'clock in
He I suppose if I were to kiss you
you'd scream and bring your fathei
downstairs in a rage , wouldn't you ?
She Oh , papa is very deaf. , . \v
* / \
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