The Valentine Democrat. (Valentine, Cherry Co., Neb.) 1896-1898, August 19, 1897, Image 3

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CONGRESS AND THE TRUST
The Democrats have no quarrel with
the tariff that is not the quarrel of the
people
It may be noted that the Republican
press is not entirely silenced by the
money power and occasionally an ear
nest protest against the iniquities of
this the greatest robber act of modern
legislation is raised by stanch Republi
can newspapers Harpers Weekly in
discussing the tariff says The great
central fact in the history of this meas
ure is the continued domination of the
sugar trust over Congress There is
some pretense of dispute as to whether
the House or the Senate was victorious
in the linal arrangement of the sugar
schedule But it matters little which
schrane for increasing the profits of
The sugar trust was adopted The peo
ple who speculate in sugar securities
have expressed their opinion of this
legislation in Wall street The common
stewk of the trust was selling at 110
when the work of making the bill was
begun and after the conference report
3vas made the stock sold at 140
If the Republican party had been
-guilty of no other crime against the
people than the passage of the Dingley
lariff bill that would be sufficient cause
to create a protest so strong and uni
versal as to produce the downfall of
that organization however when the
tariff is simply one instance of greed
2ind rapacity selected from many cog
nate acts proposed it is difficult to
imagine how these bunded robbers can
have the assurance to demand still
further suffrage from American citi
zens
In order to show the absolute subser
viency of Congress to the sugar trust
it is only necessary to refer to the fact
that Secretary Gage proposed an inter
nal revenue tax on the advance impor
tations of sugar which would have
converted s 5000000 into the treasury
of the Tithed States and would not
have cost the trust a single cent but
on the contrary would have left the
combine with at least 0000000 bonus
to iiiH credit and Congress paid no at
tention to the suggestion Let the peo
ple reflect seriously on these indisputa
ble facts and record their indignant
protests at the ballot box in 1S9S and
1100 Chicago Dispatch
Object Iicsson from Mexico
The lull in the price of silver and its
effect on Mexico are the object les
sons now most talked about by the
Republican newspapers
Some time ago the leuder of the Re
publican party made a remark to the
effect that it would be better to open
the mills than the mints This remark
was quoted largely commented on
loudly and given the widest publicity
The mints have not been opened and
the mills remain closed
The mints in Mexico are open and the
udvocates of a monometallic gold cur
rency speaking apropos of the fall in
the price of silver announce in tones
of triumph that it will have the effect
of curtailing the business of the Mexi
can importer What does that mean
Simply that the mills of Mexico will
have to open to supply the home mar
ket
The making of an alliterative phrase
is not so productive of prosperity as
the making of articles of domestic use
by the manufacturers of a nation
working full time to supply a native
-demand On every occasion Avhen the
iroldite goes to Mexico for an argument
against silver the best he gets is the
worst of it
Mexico will open still wider her mills
give employment to -more labor save
her money to spend at home decline to
enrich foreign manufacurers dispense
with European luxuries and prosper
more brilliantly than ever A few more
nec lessons from Mexico ought to
settle the currency question
Federal hxtravaaancc
Economy in governmental affairs
seems to have become a lost art Ex
penditure has increased out of all pro
portion to the growth of the country
The cost of carrying on the govern
ment has steadih appreciated from
in isot to rioosuwo in
1SW From this it will be seen that it
costs about Si200000000 more to run
the government now than it did thirty
years ago
There is no evidence that legislators
ure careful in considering the matter
of expenditures The people of the Tin
ted States have been forced by the
stringency of the tit s to study the
question of personal economy Would
it not be a good idea for the general
government to lighten the burden of
taxation by exercising some thought
on this question also There is much
said about the necessity of revenue
hut little is heard about the need of re
trenchment
General prosperity cannot be secured
through lavish expenditures of public
money While wage workers are oblig
ed to accept reduced pay while farm
ers must be content with smaller prices
for products while merchants and
manufacturers must make the best
they can of dwindled profits the law
makers in Congress lavish the peoples
money and levy increased taxes to sup
ply the funds
Already Showing Kvil Effect
Consumers are early learning that
under the Dingley bill they are con
fronted by a hard tangible condition
and not a mystical intangible theory
Prices of all necessaries are going up
without the least promise of an in
crease in the income of wage eafners
New York grocers have advanced the
price of sugar G 10 of a cent a pound
This is just a starter From this in
crease the Sugar Trust will reap a re
ward of 20000000 as the Dingley bill
intended it should There has also
been an advance of from 10 to 23 per
cent on all woolen goods The new
law has caused an advance in the price
of hides and an increase in the cost of
boots and shoes from 80 to 0 cents a
pair will follow St Louis Republic
Growth of Bimetallism
The Republican press has evidently
received instructions from the money
power to announce that free silver
sentiment is dead
These instructions are followed obe
diently by most of the goldite news
papers but the New York Commercial
Advertiser refuses to stultify itself
We had hoped that the sharp defeat
which the nation inflicted on the regu
lar Democracy last year remarks the
Advertiser might have some chasten
ing effect and deter the party leaders
from repeating the costly blunder of
indorsing the free silver and pro-socialist
planks of the Chicago platform This
hope however has not been fulfilled
The Democratic organizations in all the
States outside of New York where con
tests are pending continue in the hands
of the free silverites
It is not a matter of very great im
portance to the Democracy that Re
publican newspapers solace their read
ers with the false idea that the free sil
ver sentiment is declining but it is
gratifying to know that there are seme
newspapers in the ranks of the opposi
tion that have independence enough
left to admit the fact that free silver
doctrine is growing
The fact of the matter is that never
before in the history of the United
States since the demonetization of sil
ver began has the belief in bimetallism
been more widely held or more firmly
cherished than it is to day It is per
haps just as well that goldites should
flatter themselves with false hope but
it is also important that Democrats
should know and appreciate their own
strength
Gold monometallism is losing ground
among the people because the legisla
tion of the Republican party is so pal
pably against the interests of the peo
ple When the campaign of 1S0S is
ended there will be many Republican
newspapers ready to confess that the
free silver sentiment is growing and in
1U00 with the election of a free silver
President the confession Avill be forced
upon them all
McKjnlcv8 Bad Pardon Fecord
Within three weeks the President has
released three men who had embezzled
large sums of money intrusted to their
care although in eawh case the offense
had been most flagrant and in none
was any just reason for clemency pre
sented These three pardons follow
ing one another in quick succession
constitute an alarming indication of
weakness on the part of the President
They indicate that Mr McKinley is lia
ble to yield to the appeal of any wife
daughter or sister of a criminal who
gets to Washington to plead for his re
lease on tiie ground that lie was good
to his family while he was wrecking a
bank and making a lot of people beg
gars Xew York Evening Post
Government by Injunction
This government by induction is tihe
most absolute despotism and the most
flagrant usurpation known to organ
ized society The power of the federal
judges as construed by themselves is
greater than the constitution or the
fundamental rights of man It sus
pends the freedom of speech and of the
press It destroys individual liberty
It exceeds in pretensions and in per
formance the exploded doctrine of the
divine right of kings No greater men
ace to our liberties could be devised
than the federal judges arbitrary as
sumption of oninpotence and infallibil
it v Kansas City Times
Home Consumption Not Pufticieiit
With enormously enlarged productive
capacity a circumstance which is part
ly responsible for the great depression
of prices the past few years we have
deliberately closed the outlet which has
boon built up at the cost of so much en
terprise and effort Protectionists main
tain that it is only necessary to look to
Viu domestic consumption but the time
for that has passed in spite of our 7o
000000 of population Our great iron
furnaces and steel works and machine
shops have capacities far in excess of
the consumption of our most prosper
ous period
Fqnnrincr Account with Trusts
The situation is just this An aggre
gation of trusts and monopolies elects
the President controls Congress and
tuxes the people generally not for the
purpose of raising revenue for the sup
port of the government but for the sole
benefit and aggrandizement of the com
bination Tin act whose passage they
have secured by combination virtually
prohibits the importation of foreign
goods similar to their own and gives
them a monopoly of the home market
and ability to extort their own prices
Atlanta Journal
Dinjrleyism the Last Straw
The Constitution is of the opinion
tbat the country is on the eve of the
greatest Democratic revival ever
known in the history of the republic
All the signs and symptoms point to it
The people have come to the end of
their patience The tariff monstrosity
enacted for trio benefit of the trusts is
the last feather that will break the
camels back We are about to wituess
one of those epoch making revolts that
sometimes occur in the history of par
ties and it is to be on a scale com
mensurate with the reforms to be
wrought and the wrongs to be righted
Atlanta Constitution
Money and the Crops
Republican newspapers are congrat
ulating themselves and the people over
the good crops In this everybody will
join them for good crops are undoubt
edly worthy of congratulatory men
tiou But there is one crop which tlie
Republicans are using all their power
to diminish and unfortunately for the
people they have it in their power to
lessen that eicp They cannot reduce
the quantity of corn and wheat and
oats and cotton but they can curtail
the quantity ol money It is just as
important that the people should have
a plenteous supply of money as it is
that i hey should have a generous re
turn from the fields of agriculture The
mines of silver and gold which abound
in the United States will furnish
abundance of money if the Republican
politicians will open the mints to coin
the bullion
The fruits of the farmers toil can
not be moved without money The
prices he receives must be meager ifi
there is a meager supply of money
The manufacturer cannot dispose of
his goods if the people have not the
money with which to buy The folly
of contracting the currency is never
so apparent as during the days of
bounteous harvest The crime against
the people in closing the mints is never
so patent as when the farmers bins
are overflowing with grain and his
pockets arc empty Set the mints in
motion and the mills will open Pro
vide the people with plenty of money
with which to do business and business
will be done The growth of money
should parallel the growth of crops
Then prosperity will come
More of Prohibition than Protection
Senator Allison thinks that the ad
valorem tax imposed by the new tariff
bill will be about 00 per cent The Mc
Kinley act average was 4 per cent
The average of the present tariff is
per cent The first tariff bill enacted
for the protection of manufacturers
averaged S per cent On many articles
the duty proposed in the present
measure is greater
than the value It is time that the pro
tectionists should swap names with
the prohibitionists
ord
-Philadelphia Rec
Retrenchment Necessary
The time is coining and it may not
be far away Avhen we must arrange to
govern our expenditures by our in
come and make them conform not only
to that but also to the problem of our
great national debt which one day Ave
hope to extinguish hot our Congress
men be educated up to the necessity of
restricting the expenditure instead of
making provision to increase income by
additional taxation to meet lavish ex
penditure and wo will be nearer thy
right track Philadelphia Bulletin
Time for a Change in Iowa
The State house should be cleaned of
the contaminating influences of the tax
increasing extravagant peculating offi
cials of the present administration The
time for looking after the interests of
the common people a little instead of
fostering those of the corporations
trusts and money power has arrived
Through the medium of the Democrat
ic organization the necessary reforms
can lie brought about but in no other
wa v Keokuk Const itut ion Democrat
McKinleyism on Top for a Time
McKinleyism in an aggravated form
is on top But public opinion may
change again President McKinley of
all meat has had reason to mediate up
on its variableness It is quite possible
that in t lie supreme moment of his ju
bilation lie was haunted by an appre
hension that the time might not be far
away when the country would reject
with intensified disgust this large dose
of the nauseous medicine that sickened
it in ISJO Rochester X Y Herald
Kxehaime Comment
lucre are surface indications of suf
ficient proportions to justify the belief
tnat Tom h Johnson expects to tie
ugly knots in somebodys political
clothing before the close of the Ohio
political swimming pool AVashingtou
Post
When trusts attempt to cover too
much ground they become topheavy
and work out their own destruction
Hence the new billion dollar proposi
tion backed by the Standard Oil mana
gers is not as threatening as it seems
Minneapolis Tribune
Simply because he confesses that it
he is in the next Congress he will quite
likely be the leader of the minority
doesnt signify that Speaker Reed is
inspired with the gift of prophecy
The veriest blockhead in the country
could have told Mr Reed as much
Springfield Mass Republican
Force the merchant to pay an out
rageous tax upon his goods let the
merchant add the tax to the selling cost
of his goods The consumer buys the
goods and thus refunds the tax to the
merchant but the foreigner pays the
tax If you dont believe it ask Ding
ley Indianapolis News
It is painful to note that right in
the beginning of the tariff made pros
perity that the immense cotton mills of
Fall River Manchester and lawrenee
are shutting up In his closing speech
on the tariff bill just enacted Mr Ding
ley told us that the bill would open up
new opportunities for our own labor
which will be the beginning of that
prosperity that was dispelled in 1892
Now it is in order for Mr Dingley to
explain why his bill doesnt work
INSPIRED A FAMOUS POEM
Mrs Amelia Koehler Who Succrcsted
The Last Rose of Summer
Considerable interest has been awak
ened throughout the country by the an
nouncement of the death of Mrs Ame
lia Koehler of Mount Vernon New
York at the age of 92 owing to the
fact that she is supposed to have in
spired Thomas Moores famous poem
The Last Rose of Summer and to
whom the poem was dedicated by its
composer
The incident as often told hy Mrs
Koehler to her friends is full of inter
est When she was 13 years of age
she was sent to London and there she
attended a school kept by a sister of
the poet who frequently visited the
school and became acquainted with the
pupils Moore took a decided liking to
her and would spend hours in convers
ing with her One day as they were
lifel
THOMAS 3IOOKE
A
MUS KOEIII EIJ
V
tis rhe tasfrose of
sum mer
sitting in the garden she plucked a
rose and placing it on the lapel of
the poets waistcoat exclaimed Oh
now I have given jrou the last rose of
summer And as the story runs this
very rose was in fact the last rose left
blooming in the garden
My child said the poet you have
made a beautiful suggestion and when
I have written some verses on it they
shall be dedicated to 3011
A short time after Moore wrote the
famous lines which follow and dedi
cated them to her
Tis the hist rose of summer
Left blooming alone
All her lovely companions
Are faded and gone
No flower of her kindred
No iosebud is nigh
To reflect back her blushes
Or give sigh for sigh
Ill not leave flice thou lone one
To pine on the stem
Since the lovely are sleeping
Go sleep thou with them
Thus kindly I scatter
Thy leaves oer thy bed
Where thy mates of the garden
Lie scentless and dead
So soon may I follow
AYhen friendships decay
And from loves shining circle
The ems drop away
When true hearts lie withered
And fond ones are flown
Oh who would inhabit
This bleak world alone
Mrs Koehlers maiden name was
Amelia Offergeld and she was born
in Her father was
an officer in the Prussian army and her
mother was of British descent She
was 15 years old when she married
Charles Koehler an importer of Bond
street London When he died forty
years ago she came to live with her
daughter in this country and remained
there until her death
TO CARRY BICYCLES
Brooklyn Plan for Transporinc
Wheels on the Trolley Lines
Many bicycle riders in cities would
welcome the adoption of a plan for
transporting wheels in operation on one
of the trolley lines in Brooklyn The
illustration shows how four bicycles
can be carried on each dashboard with-
BICYCLE BACKS OX TROLLEY CARS
out interfering with the motorman or
conductor in any way These racks
are also in use in the baggage cars
which have been equipped for wheels
by the New York Central Long Isl
and Manhattan L and other rail
roads The racks used on the trolley
cars are riveted to the sheet iron of the
dashboard instead of being screwed to
thft all as in the baggage cars
Smart Young Sailors
The boys responded with surprising
quickness and good order This is the
second life they have saved this win
ter These were the concluding words
of a statement made by Commander
Field of the schoolship St Marys at a
irtppnnr of tIip Knnrrvi of Rdnnnirm tf
www 0 w w w w vru VH
New York city a few months ago re
garding a rescue made by the boys of
his ship
On the night of the 23d of February
after the boys on the St Marys had
turned in the cry was raised on the
wharf at the foot of which the ship
lies in New York that a man had
fallen overboard in the North River
The hoys turned out lowered a boat
and in a moment were off to the rescue
Just as the man rose for the lasthne
they pulled him in and in an insensible
1 Xl - J1 l fT
wuuuiuuu ue was mseu to me nospr
where he revived
f
fTThn i J n7TM ss
y ei
A
M
i ri
3SS -
the mans last and the least delay on
the part of the handy boys would have
been fatal to him But if they had been
cariable of delays they would not have
been good sailors and they made no
delays and did no bungling
The school ship on which these boys
acted so bravely and promptly this
time and have acted as promptly and
effectually before is though command
ed by an officer of the United States
a part of the public school sys
tem of New York city The boys are
just such as go to the public schools in
the most crowded parts of the metropo
lis
They are good material for the mak
ing of prompt quick ready and intelli
gent sailors and for much the same
causes as those which make them good
sailors for the making of good citizens
as well Youths Companion
Republican Simplicity
A story is related of an old Dutch
merchant of Amsterdam who having
amassed a fortune in trade determined
to spend the remnant of his life in the
quiet seclusion of his country house
Before taking leave of his city
friends he invited them to dine with
him The guests on arriving at his
residence were surprised to see the ex
traordinary preparations that had been
made for their reception
On a plain oak tahle covered with a
blue cloth were some wooden plates
spoons and drinking vessels Present
ly two old seamen brought in dishes
containing herring some fresh others
salted or dried Of these the guests
were invited to partake hut it was
clear they had little appetite for such
poor fare and with considerable impa
tience they awaited the second course
which consisted of salt beef and
greens
This also when brought in they did
not seem to relish At last the blue
cloth was removed and one of tine
width damask substituted and the
guests were agreeably surprised to see
a number of servants in gorgeous liv
eries enter with the third course which
consisted of everything necessary to
form a most sumptuous banquet
The master of the hour then ad
dressed his friends in the following
terms
Such gentlemen has been the pro
gress of our republic We began with
strict frugality by means of which we
became wealthy and we end with lux
ury which will beget poverty We
should therefore be satisfied with our
beef and greens that we inaj not havo
to return to our herrings
Gay Music at a Funeral
People in Yincenues have been wit
nessing what as called a gay funeral
according to a paradoxical phrase Mr
Ferret a resident in that suburban
borough for many long years died
recently at the age of SO He left in
structions in his will that the local
brass baud should be engaged for his
funeral and that lively music was to
be played during the journey to the
graveyard The octogenarians rela
tives fulfilled his wishes to the letter
In the black bcrdered invitations to the
interment sent out by them they an
nounced the iiames of the airs to be
heard during the funeral As the cor
tege started for the cemetery the band
struck up the appropriate Chant du
Depart to the intense astonishment
of the master of ceremonies sent by the
Pompes Funebres who know nothing
about the last wishes of the deceased
octogenarian in the matter of music
Then the bandsmen played a series of
polkas and mazurkas and wound up at
the cemetery with the Marseillaise
After the funeral alL adjourned to a
tavern where drink was ordered in
abundance The instrumentalists hav
ing been refreshed played more lively
music and then everybody returned
home apparently satisfied with the
days outing This is the third funeral
of the kind which has been organized
in France within the past twelve
months London Telegraph
The Union Jack
The origin of the word Jack is un
known The meaning as understood
to day is something shown and hi
this sense the application of the word
is now limited to the Union flag Some
have supposed it to be derived from
the jack or jacque the tunic worn in
early time by men-at-arms those of
Englishmen being decorated with the
cress of St George which jackets
when not in use were hung in rows
side by side thus displaying the blood
red cross which was at once their ban
ner and their shield Others regard the
name as coming from that of the sover
eign James Jacobus or Jacques who
was the first to hoist it as a national
emblem
I never
You
Reason for It
hear you speak of your
son
No There are occasionally some
little matters of family history that
one does not like to discuss
He hasnt disgraced the family
name is he
No Fortunately he had decency
enough to change his name before he
would consent to run for the Legisla
ture Chicago Post
Paved with Grass
It is proposed to pave London roads
with compressed grass blocks The
claim is made that the pavement of
these blocks is noiseless and elastic re
sists wear well and is impervious to
heat and cold Its manufacturers guar
antee its life for five years
Had Lost Caste
no longer
Miss
Barnes
No I cant afford to
Wky not
She is still riding a 0G wheel while
I have a 97 model Chicago Post
4fjf Every one believes he does not get
1wKXlf
th2 credit he deserres
FOR THE GREATER CITY
Monster Sky Scrapinc Tower Pro r
posed for New York
William J Frye has drawn plans foii
a proposed tower to commemorate thet
consolidation of greater New York
The proposed tower which is to bo
21 10 feet in height would be in most
respects the most wonderful structure
in the world The Eiffel tower in Parla
is 9S4 feetIn height less than half o
the proposed observatory tower of Nerwj
York The tower is to be twelve sided
and built of steel The lowest portion
will be 300 feet in diameter and wili
be flanked by four pavilion buildingsJ
giving the structure a base of 400 feetj
The outer walls will be of cement
having wire cloth imbedded within thati
material
Internall the tower will be a
labj rinth of steel columns girders
beams plates and other shapes in steeU
no particle of wood being used in coErj
struction or finish and when completed
will be a white tower absolutely fire
proof Directly in the center will risaf
a tube twenty feet in its outward diann
eter and ten feet in its inner diameter
extending up to and in through thv
jspi
pifei
THE IVKOPOSED TOWER
dome roof The inside of the tube wui
be smooth and sightseers may enter
through doors on the ground floor and
look up through the tube ten feet in
diameter and 2140 feet in height Elec s
trie cars with reserved motor power of
compressed air will run spirally around
the 100 foot central area making a trip
to the fifth floor from the top about
a two and a half miloc j ido From thbc
point to the top visitors will be con
veyed in an elevator This proposed
tower is to be built within the nexU
three years and somewhere up on the
heights where there is a firm rocky
foundation New York World
A HEART OF BRICK
Curious 3Tethod of Prolonsine the-
ILife of an Kim Tree
I
One of the oddest sights of Nerwr
Brunswick N J is the elm tree in
front of John E Elmendorfs house
on Albany street Mr Elmendorf had
the tree lined with brick to keep ly
alive
The tree is said to be nearly 200 years
old Several years ago insects attack-
ed it and hollowed its heart out Then
at a Fourth of July celebration a spariq
set fire to the dry interior and destroy
ed the greater part of what was Ieft
Only the bark on one side and a little
pj pin
THE BRICKS IX TIIE TKEE
of the wood remained At every winds
the tree shook and seemed in imminent
danger of falling Mr Elmendorf had
given up all hope of saving the elm
when his wife proposed that they walL
it up inside Mr Elmendorf set a ma
son at work lining the elm with brick
Fully one half of the tree is now solid
masonry and it is in a flourishing con
dition The side with the bricks faces
the street and is easily seen It is two
blocks from the Albany street bridges
The tree is known as the freak tre
and the brick tree New York Sun
Gladstones Denial
There was a report not long ago tnat
Mr Gladstone was learning to ride thee
bicycle and its contradiction is the sig
nal for Mr James Payn to drop into
poetry
Mr Gladstone denies he has taken to
oiKmg
Nor are sc surprised it was not to his
liking
Though from office and power he be a-
receder
He will neer be a Wheeler who has been
a Leader
The Widows Mijrht
Dawson declares that if he marries
I at ail he will wed a widoc
Yes that is like him he Is too lazy
to do any of the courting himself--Tit-Bits