The Falls City tribune. (Falls City, Neb.) 1904-191?, October 21, 1910, Image 7

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    Investigations Carried on in England
Tend to Ch,.. Environment
Counts Most.
Attention is dir ■ ted by the Medical
Record to the i i ling and decided
ly surprising 1 ■ , . f an investiga
tion recently made in England with
the purpose of ... r ining the phys
ical and mental ii cts on children of
alcoholism in parmta. It has hitherto
been held as i : ut.ibiy true and
“of common kno\ ' ' r at these ef
fects are many mi . I n:. at the
(inu i i ; a
fair start in life, ud is, if not sure,
at least very !;' , to l> > u weakling
in both mind mid body An examina
tion by car : ul .death t of 2,000 chil
dren in Mi.,. . t r and Edinburgh
where, if anywher , t)i<‘ consequences
of alcoholism ci ul 11; found—discred
its this old asm . t tion.
The parent;- (f half these children
were sober peep >, and of half either
the father or mother or both habitu
ally drank to excess. The conclu
sions reached wem: That the death
rate among the children of alcoholic
parents was slightly greater than
among the others, the difference being
most notable when the mother was in
temperate; that the children of the
sober were a little heavier; that the
health of the two classes was about
the same; that parental alcoholism is
not the cause of mental defect in off
spring, and affects intelligence very
slightly, if at all, and that, for some
ine ;plicab!e reason, the eyesight of
the alcoholics was somewhat the bd
Nothing was decided as to the exist
ence of a predisposition toward drunk
enness in tli children of drunkards,
but it was shown, the Investigators
think, that what little superiority was
found in the children of the sober was
due not to the abstinence of the par
ents from intoxicants, but to the bet
ter care and training which their chil
dren naturally received. In other
words, in tin's case, as in so many, if
not all others, it is early environment
rather than heredity that counts, and
there is no more of a prenatal doom
for l^ie drunkard’s child than for that
of the consumptive.
The temperance advocates will not
welcome these conclusions, and they
can say, fairly enough, that the inves
tigation was not broad enough to be
decisive. They may even question the
wisdom of publishing such statements,
even if true. The truth, however, is
never dangerous, while falsehood and
inaccuracy always are. Experience
has shown that the restraints of the
old belief are ineffectual, and any
lightening of the dark cloud of hope
less heredity, exploited by Zola and
Ibsen, is certainly to be desired as
tending to strengthen the sense of
personal responsibility and to inspire
ambition and effort.
Perturbed Physical Conditions Given
as Main Causes—Its Results
Are Dreadful.
Inebriety from a fondness for alco
hol for its own r ke—vicious indul
gence—is far less frequent in women
than in men. and it is well that it is
so. Drunkenness is had enough in a
man. hut in a woman it is even more
pitiable, and, if it bo possible, more
far-reaching and more dreadful in its
result; With women it would, we
think, 1 ' safe to say that the origin
of the ' ink habit lies in perturbed
physical conditions—in fact, that it is
a disease, and not a mere moral obli
quity, as many would have us believe.
The consequences of alcoholism in wo
men are not so quickly evident as in
men. In the earlier stages of in
ebriety in those cases in which there
is power of volition, a peculiar shrink
ing from publicity protects some wo
men against the symptoms noted
among men at a like period. Two
causes may be given for the lapse of
women into inebriety. First is the
nervous condition due to lack of nu
trition and the wear and worry of do
mestic life and the demands of so
ciety—an exhaustion for which relief
is I i 1 I Ig . ■ ..I "'''I 1 '
rid of alcohol: secondly, (ha pain and
unrest Incident to dlsordc or thei
sex. for which solace is so-?’'’ in the
nnci hetic and paralyzing • **s of
alcohol. In the first place, F oman
who flics to drink must be lira or
unmindful of the fact that i ' king
Invo’v ■ a great risk of er -Mag a
morbid condition that often find- ex
pression in constant inebriety in the
second case, the so-called solace, with
startling and sorrowful frequency,
end in confirmed alcoholism.—Health
The Lafccring Man’s Curse.
The great curse of the laboring man
Is intemperance.
It has brought more desolation to
the wag > earners than strikes, or war,
or sickness, or death.
It is a more unrelenting tyrant than
the grasping monopolist. It has caused
little children to be hungry, and cold,
to grow up among evil associates, to be
reared without the knowledge of God.
It lias broken up more homes and
wrecked more lives ihan any other
cause on the face of the earth.—Car
dinal Gibbons.
IO ij 't : ll J I U. b
Rerrcins cf Tacked in Tex a' '
King's C'licc i Oxford—Surgeon
to Place Parts Together,
Fn a small box packed safety away
in a room at King's college, Oxford,
are the remains of a prehistoric man.
Every bone and portion is marked and
catalogued in order, and within the
next few days a well-known London
surgeon Is to undertake the delicate
operation of piecing the figure togeth
er, This prehistoric -man was one of
the discoveries made by the little
band of explorers who have .lust re
turned from Egypt after five months’
tour on behalf of the fund. Accord
ing lo experts, the discovery dates
from a period earlier than 6000 or
7000 n. C. The explorers and native
workmen were digging at Abydos.
Epper Egypt, about nine miles from
the Nile, when they found an oval
“crouch’.' grave in the sand. It was
p figure on its left side, doubled up.
with the knees to the chin. It proved
to be the skeleton of a man in a fine
stp.te cf preservation. Abydos is
i cully a huge cemetery. Experts aver
it has been used as a burying place
-rv, , , urface |«! now of
sand. When this is scraped away
. ...j . u, i,.. j oi tat- ttomsnj
are revealed; underneath lie th>>
burial: of the eighteenth dynasty,
1806 or 2000 years 15. O., and further
down arc the barb., places of the pre
historic period. At the present day
the Arabs use the spot as a cemetery.
Password Given Out to Sentinels Un
dergoes Change Owing to Sol
dier's Blunder.
The following anecdote was told bv
Col. John A. Hiker of Philadelphia,
n veteran of the Civil war, at the
“In the army of the Cumberland
one of the officers whose duty it was
to furnish (lie guards with a pass
word for tiie night gave the word
'Potomac.' A German, on guard, not
understanding distinctly the difference
between-'b’s' and 'p's,' understood it
to be ‘Potomac,’ and this, on being
transferred to another, was corrupted
to ‘Buttermilk.’ Soon afterward the
officer who had given the word wished
to return through (he lines, and, ap
proaching a sentinel, was ordered to
halt, and the word was demanded
lie gave ‘Potomac.’
“ ‘Nicht right. You don't pass mit
“ ‘But this Is the word, and I will
“ ‘No; you stan’,' at the same ime
placing a bayonet at his breast in a
manner that told Mr. Officer that
‘Potomac’ didn’t pass in Missouri.
“‘What is the word, then?'
“ ‘ “Buttermilk.” ’
"Well, then, “Buttermilk.”’
“‘Hat is right Now you pass mit
yourself all about your pizness.’ ”
Keeps Fam'iv Prisoners.
An almost incredible story comes
from Naples to the effe.-t that a wine
merchant named Rea, who appears to
he out of his mind, has been keeping
his wife and eleven children shut up
for the last five years in twelve differ
ent. rooms In a country house near
Naples. He seems to have watched
over his prisoners with the utmost
vigilance, feeling them with small
portions of maize, potatoes, eggs, and
sometimes of fowl. He recently al
lowed two of the eldest sons to take
short walks in fee neighborhood of
the house. Although under close su
pervision, they managed to make their
plight known to some neighbors, who
in their turn informed the police, with
the result that the father was at once
rrc ithd. The release of the prison
ers afforded a very touching spectacle,
the meeting between the mother and
her sons after five years' separation
being most affecting.
Burlesque Wedding Guests.
Poulbot, a Paris caricaturist, having
determined upon so commonplace a
step as getting married, decided that
he would be married in no common
place way. He asked all his friends
to the wedding, but there was a sine
qua non condition attached to the in
vestigation. You had to go with a
“made-up head," or you would not be
admitted. Preferably you were re
quested to make tip as a country
cousin at a village wedding. Some
guests arrived ns ancient peasants,
others as village idiots. There were
several bluff squires and rural elderly
gentlemen with means, a number of
retired officers and ex > 'it uncles
from the south, besides i'ct < military
gentlemen from the hottest s‘at ions
of Algeria. The only i < rsens who
wore tin it natural physio ups weie
the con] I ’ most ctmcerne They had
drawn (lie line at. making up them
selves as q burlesque bt id<‘ and a
comic b A groom.
Mere Matter of Sneed.
The Reading Railway's lawyer was
cross-examining a negro woman who
had sworn that she saw a train t
a milk wagon whose bandaged driver
had just testified. No. she had not
heard the engine blow any whistle
"llow near were you to the train?"
the lawyer asked iter sharply.
She didn't know exactly. It might
have been so far and it might have
been a little further.
"But how far?” the lawyer per
sisted. "A mile or a square or what?
How long would it have taken you to
walk the distandb?"
“Still," the witness replied, haughti
ly, "dat would depend entirely on my
Rtclpc: ' >r f J Orcu. r.: Sweit
Wino ’I’d “m, II Amount of
Flu: LI. ?urr IHecI—How to
. r«p«io Currants.
Fruits are so < 1 up and so good
now tli. : oust or8 should provide
them In oi f< - ai.o .. r ft r -
meal. M are at their 1 so it l 1 most a latter ol
course i ha" • liver’ every day for one
meal o.’ < 'cr
Soutlvcrnei declare that people of
the north slid watermelons by too
much chilling; that, like strawberries,
they need the warmth of the sun In
them; but the weight, of opinion slili
seems to be on the side of the ice
box. One of the most popular ways
ui serving watermelon is to split It In
two lengths, then with a large spoon
and a rotary "twist of the wrist"
scoop out the luscious pink flesh in
cone shaped pieces. Arrange on a bed
of green leaves or cracked ice and you
. ,ii let ui - fi r , as
well ..s a delight to the palate. Cui
in tills way, which gives no waste, one
good-sized melon will serve 15 or 20
persons, according to the size of the
melon and the appetite of the diners
At a recent luncheon the first course!
was chilled melon, which had been
prepared in this wise: All (he center
of the melon was scooped out, reject
ing the seeds. This was broken with
a silver fork Into small pieces, then
put into a freezer with the addition
of half a pound of powdered sugar and
the juice of a lemon. The ii /.cr was
packed in salt and ice and turned
slowly for 15 minutes until a mush
like consistency was obtained. This
melon frappe was served in glasses
with a teaspoonful of sherry added to
each glass.
No summer breakfast is complete
without fruit. While most people pro
ler it served au naturel, others with
English predilections take more kind
ly to jam or some of the many stewed
or steamed fruits. Others find a salad
ot fruit dressed with a few spoonfuls
of sherry and sugar one of the best
appetizers at the beginning of the
meal, w hile .still others, loth to give
up their cereals, take a combination
of fruit and cereal.
In serving fruits au naturel arrange
them to please the eye as well as the
palate. Nothing is prettier than
leaves for decoration.
No prettier fruit for breakfast can
be found than currants, red and white,
on the stem. Put a border of the
leaves about a pretty china or glass
dish, and pile the fruit on them. Hcrvi
with powdered sugar.
Oranges for breakfast are easiest
served cut in halves. They are d«
licious made in a compote with rice.
Take the pulp out as whole as possi
ble and drop into a rich boiling sirup,
leaving it in just long enough to heat
it through. Make a nest of rice, put
the orange and pulp in it and serve
with whipped cream.
Fruit salads are not nearly so well
known as they should be. The dress
ing of a lruit salad for the gourmet is
usually of sweet wine, with just a
suspicion of fine liqueurs, but for ordi
nary use other combinations are pref
erable. Sweetened whipped cream,
lemon juice, fruit juice, French dress
ing or mayonnaise are all used wiili
Stuffed Tomato Salad.
Chop fine one cupful of cooked ham
and season with salt, pepper, celery
seed and chopped onion. Add half
a cupful of bread crumbs and mix to
a smooth paste with French dressing
Stuff tomato shell and serve on let
tuce with mayonnaise. Watercress:
salad is also good to look at and
"gooder” to eat. Use the tender
leaves of the cress. Let th°m stand
in cold water to make tin ' crisp
and then wipe dry. Sprinkle over them
a teaspoonful of parsley and olives
chopped fine. Add a few slices of sour
apples and pour over it the French
dressing which is made of one table
spoonful of vinegar, three tablespoon
fuls of oil, one-half teaspoonful of salt
and one-quarter of a teaspoonful of
pepper. The two latter ingredients
should mixed in slowly. To garuish
watercress a hard-boiled egg chopped
fine and scattered over it is an im
Cccoanut Cream.
Soak one-half box of gelatine in one
cupful of milk until soft., then set in
hot water until dissolved Add om
cupful of granulated sugar, stir unM!
dissolved and strain. When cold and
quite thick add one tea: poonful of va
nilla, two cupfuls of freshly greed
cccoanut and one pint o: c -am whip
pod to a solid froth. Stir and mix
gently until very thick, then turn intr
wetted molds and set aside until thor
oughly chilled and firm. The above
proportions are sufficient tor two good
sized molds.
Begin at top, break into two-inch
pieces until you reach the tough part
of the stalk. Tills you peel thinly
and break. Cook in boiling salted
water; it will all be equally tender
Season with butter, pepper, and cream
or thickened milk.
Swiss Cheese Sandwiches.
Cut rye bread very thin and spread
lightly with soft butter. Between th<
slices lay thin slices of Swiss cheese
spread with lightly seasoned mus
F urs—Large and Warm 1 his Season
A NKVV AND IT TO DATE SI lOWlNO of Neck Pieces, Muffs and Coats
have arrived this week. The styles are much larger than last year, making
1 urs more desirable for comfort. Although prices are higher than one year ago, we
are able to ‘■ell you manv very beautiful pieces at low cost. You will readily under
stand that as pieces are larger, the cost of manufacture is of necessity more. Matched
Si ts of Neck Pit cos and Muff remain a leading feature? of the prevailing vogue.
Scarls range from si. 50 to $20; Muffs from 75c to $20. Coats are longer; conse
quently warmer and higher priced. We are showing Electric Seal Coats up to $75;
Poney Coats up to #55; Brown Coney Coats up to S30.
I he Last Word on Coats and Suits
Is that Lvl’ord lias the only showing of better class goods to be found in balls City.
If you wish a garment at a moderate price we have the fullest assortment in Rich
ardson County, if you wish a garment that is absolutely the latest in style, made of
fabrics that can be guaranteed to be strictly All Wool and made in the best possible
manner, we are headquarters. New Suits have come in this week that are quite up
to any we have had and we are now able to assure you of a perfect lit, new cloths,
new models.
New Skirts—Voiles, Panamas, Serges
After long delay some of the nattiest styles of the year are in. These come from
the center of Fashion, New York. You may be confident that they are the proper
Below are Lines on Which We are Strong
Large and Small Rugs, Linoleums, Oil Cloths, Children s Coats, Press Goods,
Silks, Sweaters, Silk Petticoats, Silk and Cotton, Underwear, Kid and Fabric
Gloves, Corsets, Nc.
Noxious Plant Is Quite General in
Western Portions of Country—
Spreading Rapidly.
The hare’s i ar mustard Is most hap
pily named, as the leaves—as will In
seen by the ilU: M inn are very sim
i I a r iti shape to the ears of a hnre.
This resortil lance is not mly given
recognition in the name "hare's-ear
mustard.” but also In corne of the
other common tm- < ■< r ' to the
plant, b:., tot ; n' e, <n 1! ■■ n - i
"rabbit* ar" and "kart V - ar c i :r , e
Harc’s-Ear Mustard.
The latter seems to lie a very descrip
tive name. As is more or less gen
erally known, the botanical family to
which 1110 mustard:-: belong also takes
in some very nse'i I cultivated crops,
such as the . 1 t, the rape, cab
bage, cat ' r . ad radish. The
hare’s-ear i . -i lrd > e of the “black
sheep" of r lamii.i i bears a con
siderabh i >mblari- in leafage to
ward its t 'niable • a in, the rah
bage plant. > 1 <* le nt of the voir g
plant being r by i a pearance and
of much the :le color as the !< vr s
of a young t bb g >.
This is a weed quite general
throughout the West, and spreading
rapidly. It bears a creamy-white
flower about the end of June and rip
ens its seeds in August and Septem
ber. Tbt> plant developes quite a si iff,
wiry slem when ripe, and during its
growing period it takes up consider
able room, crowding out other plants
and making a heavy drain upon the
moisture content of the soil.
If No Provision Hag Yet Been Made,
Do Not Forego Pleasure Before It
Seems Too Late.
If there are some windows about
the house where vou would like to
fm. home pianis growing, ana no pie
visions have been made lor boxes for
thorn, don't forego the pleasure be
cause It seems to he late in the sea
son. Use Coleus Instead of flowering
plants. A row of the yellow variety
about the outside of the box, with
scarlet in the center will make your
window brilliant with color, and as
these plants are of rapid growth you
will not. have to wait long for result
They will often be found more satis
factory than flowering plants, because
their richly-colored foliage will take
the plnce of flowers, and It will be In
i v tire at nil times; while few Mow
mi plants will afford a constant
show of co'or. The gray Centaurc
and the orang yellow Pyrothrum
("Uolden FVuthor") can be used with
the scarlet and ye'low varieties of Co
leus, with fine effect.
Hig the hist of the rally potatoes
and sow rye where they grew.
A solution of borax will kill cab
bage worms without Injuring tlm call
Store early-dug potatoes In n cool,
dark place. They will keep until
Frequent watering of the teams
during harvest is good Insurance
against sunstroke.
Clean up the weeds and rubbish
outside the houses and there will be
less insects inside.
The grasshopper and the dry year
harvest the crop without cost for
twine and threshing.
If you have some line tomato vines
on which the fruit is being sun-scolded
fix tin in up a little shade.
A good mulch ot manure now ■'!
he of great assistance to newly p’art
td rhubarb and asparagus.
Every possible acre should he sum
mer fallowed or early fall plowed
and harrowed at the same time.
Fall plowing helps to destroy the
grasshopper broods that otherwise
would do <hi mag another season
Eureka has again proved a desirabh
potato vari ty in the West this yea.
it is n medium early potato and keei ■:
The valuo of any fertilizer derm- ;
upon what it is made of. It cattnm
furnish food to crops unless it h ■
the food to furnish.
The present season is especial!;
favor; hie for insects. Early fall plow
ing and frequent harrowing will aid
materially In checking these am lie;
So far as conditions will admit it
is nearly always best to sow wi < . 1
reasonably early in order that It will
make a good start to grow before col.,
weather sets in.
Till.* best plaster. A piece of
flannel dampened with Chamber
lain's Liniment and bound oil ove
the affected parts is superior to a
plaster and costs only one tenth
as nun‘h. I or sale by all dritir
This handy, all-’round Cleans
er is entirely free from caustic,
acid and alkali; it is hygienic,
cleans mechanically,notchem
ically. It is not only the safest,
but also the easiest and quickest
cleanser ever discovered for
Cleaning, Scrubbing,
Scouring, Polishing
It is the only cleanser to use on milk
pails, pans, separators and on all cooking
utensils. Use it for all cleaning through
out the house.
How To Clean Windows The
Best Way—Sprinkle Old Dutch Cleans
er on a cloth or sponge, just dampened
sufficiently to hold the powder, without
dusting, and apply to the glass, rubbing
briskly. Then polish
with a dry cloth and
a very little Old Dutch
Cleanser. If the
above directions are
followed excellent re
sults will be secured
with less work than
by ordinary methods,
or with other articles.