The Falls City tribune. (Falls City, Neb.) 1904-191?, August 12, 1910, Image 7
THE QUIET HOUR HOME TRAINING. Instruction That Will Tend To Pre vent the Inception of Race Destroying Diseases. (By Prof. Win. McKeever.) Seek to have extended to all alike the medical inspection and examina tion that is now being made the rule in some of the large cities. Two means of guarding the well-being of society and the race are thus sub served. When the exact physical condi tion of the children is known they can be so treated medically as to obviate mental inefficiency and moral deterioration. Many cases of tru ancy, delinquency, and crime are now apparently traceable to remediable but neglected physical defects. The presence of many race-deter iorating diseases and malformations of a chronic character will thus be detected, so that their victims may have all the sympathetic treatment their cases call for and yet not be permitted to propagate their kind. 2. Encourage the dissemination of literature Intended to instruct the public in regard to the prevention of tuberculosis. School committees, and others in a position tc> do so, will find it feasable to issue to parents and teachers a small pamphlet contain ing simple but effective means of achieving the end just named. The campaign of education now being car ried on in form of a tuberculosis ex hibit is a most commendable move ment. Let all unite in extending its influences. 3. The uses of alcohol, tobacco, and other stimulents, narcotics and irritants are to be reagrded as more or less serious to the well-being of the race, even if we admit that the appetite for none of them is inherit ed. Alcoholism is being gradually out of the United States. It cannot endure the higher tests of our civ ilization. In some states teachers are required to instruct pupils in re gard to the hurtful nature of alcohol Jr stimulants. Such laws should be r made general. There is coming a time when the tobacco using practice must pass a test of utility and fitness or else yield its place. This is today the most general and the most overmaste ing of all radical habits. So strong it is, in the case of thousands of men, V that its demands for satisfaction take \precedence over the demands of the family for bread. That the tobacco using habit is highly destructive to the mental, moral and physical effi ciency of boys has been proved be yond question. That it, in its net re sults, is beneficail to men has not yet been shown. That the enorm ous amount of capital and labor and land now devoted to the tobacco in dustry might better be devoted to the production of bread for the hungry millions seems to admit of no room for debate. To prevent boys and youths from beginning the use of alcohol and tobacco is a comparatively easy mat ter, provided known methods be ap plied. To break up the fully acquired habits of such use is, in most cases, a practical impossibility. Therefore, it is strongly recommended that all interested persons exert their efforts in behalf of prevention. Furnish par ents and teachers with detailed meth ods of instructing and training the young to abstain from the foregoing ,^0^18 and the race will soon reap the reward. 4 Statistics show that the disease resulting from the perversion of sex are very prevalent. Debilitated bod ies, permanently impaired health and disrupted homes, to say nothing of the destructive effects upon off spring, follow in the wake of such depravity. If parents and teachers take a little trouble to procure the proper literature and inform them selves they can accomplish much by way of overcoming the so-called “sin of society” and thus help to free the race from a great blight. The evil sex habits that overmaster and ever lastingly ruin the lives of thousands of young men and young women are almost wholly a result of ignorance and neglect in respect to training. Prevention of morbid sexual habits is comparatively easy in the ordinary case if a little intelligent instruction be begun early and carefully kept up. On the other hand, when once these blighting practices have become thoroughly acquired their complete ri:#continuance is practically beyond i human power. Io. Children may have much bet ter instruction in reference to self support, a form of training which has its foundation in carefully planned work. Idleness is a kind of disease. j The hungry soon take on many of the marks of degeneracy. There can, with a little thought, be made out a reasonable schedule of work and study and play for the growing hoy of any ordinary age and condition a provision which will tend all along to fit him for his permanent life work But mere training after a plan Is not sufficient. The youth must be talked to about tlie matter of a life work— not urged or required to choose early, perhaps' not till after full physical and mental maturity, but talked to with a thought of imbueing him with the necessity of gradually finding and working out for himself a plan for his mature life. The ability of the individual to per form some kind of work creditably or to manage some one of the impor tant affairs of life successfully lies at the foundation of all that is best and most stable m our modern society. Unquestionably every normal boy and girl is very well fitted by nature and can be still better fitted by training to perform worthily some kind of work. Then, let parents and teachers begin early to make a careful study [of the boys and girls under their [charge with a view to training them in habits of industry, and finally with a view to guiding them successfully into the vocation for which they are best adapted by nature. Public edu cation of the nature Just named will in time lead to the practice of re quiring candidates for marriage to pass a test in respect to their ability to work and to undertake the man agement of some sort of business af fairs. Let all persons concerned about the foregoing matters maw- reason able effort to inculcate a proper res pect for the sanctity of the* body of women. By virtue of the strength and purity and perfection of this finest specimen of God’s handiwork shall the race be redeemed. There is much confusion and perplexity in the minds of the public today as to what places in the world shall be thrown open to woman. She has proved herself willing and apt and an efficient worker in practically ev ery walk of life, and yet, notwith standing her attainment of even the highest degree of success in any of these important matters, there is only one way under heaven whereby her name may be eternally glorified, viz., through her preparation for be coming the mother of a new race of worthy sons and daughters. Finally, it seemsto me that we must come around to the thesis that the real wealth of any nation or of any people consists not in the moneys or the material goods accumulated so much as in the character of the boys and girls and the young men and young women who are growing up and soon to assume control of all the serious affairs of life. We must erect a new standard of worth, and this new measure of value must be men and women—strong, courageous, clear-sighted, noble-hearted men; and pure, matronly, sympathetic, spiritual minded women. Let us promote the foregoing high standard of excel lence through definitely planned pop ular education, seeking first to de velop in the young the splendid, God given aptitudes latent, within them and as yet unreached by our sys tem of training; and, second, to give the fit an advantage over the unfit as factors in the continuation of the race. —>2* Our Sympathy is always extended to those in distress, but we have no sym pathy to waste on the man who borrows his neighbor's paper when he can have one of his own at a mere nominal expense. Your home paper stands for your interests and the interests of your home town. It deserves your moral and financial support. If you are not a member of our family of readers you should begin now by sending in your subscription. CRIME AND DRINK IN CANADA Statistics Show That Convictions Due to Liquor Has Increased Considerably. Criminal statistics for the year end : ed September, 1906, have just been issued by the census bureau at Otta i wa. They look somewhat antiquated | now, but as they are the latest avail* j able, some of the facts given are still i of interest. The figures deal sep arably with indictable offences and summary convictions, the latter refer ring to cases disposed of by justices of the peace. British Columbia, Mani toba and Ontario show a crime record remarkable figures relate to the mari time provinces, where the Scott act is in force in most counties, but especi ally Prince Edward island, the only province in the dominion with pro vincial prohibition. Ontario’s crime ratio for 10,000 of the population '< shows a gradual Increase: 1897-1900, 12.94; 1900-1905. 13.38: 1906, 15.89. Of the total number of persons con victed during the five-year period end ing with 1905 there was an average of 56 per cent, who used liquor moder ately and 33 per cent, who were im moderate drinkers. For the second period ending with 1905 thpre was an average of 60 per cent, moderate and 28 Immoderate drinkers, as compared with 57 per cent, moderate and 23 per cent, moderate drinkers for 1906. The balance of the 100 in each period were either nondrinkers or not given. Dealing with summary convictions, which are for offences such as as saults, breaches of the peace, infrac tions of various laws, such as liquor license act, etc., and such other of fences as vagrancy, drunkenness, and disorderly conduct, the report states that the number of summary convic tions has increased considerably throughout the several provinces dur ing the last five years. During the years ending with 190o, drunkenness represented about 35 per cent, of the total summary convictions, as compared with 40 per cent, for the year 1906. Out of the total number of persons convicted for drunkenness, female offenders represented 8.87 per cent, for the ten years ending with 1905, as against 5.10 per cent, for the year 1906. Taking the year 1906, the following table shows the percentage of convic tions for drunkenness of each prov ince, with the percentage of popula tion of the provinces: Percentage Per of centage Convictions of for Popula Provinces. Drunkenness, tion. Frince Edward island... 0 48 1.69 Nova Scotia .11.62 7.76 New Brunswick. 7.34 5.62 Quebec .19.12 29.08 Ontario .29.71 37.10 Manitoba .15.56 6.11 British Columbia . 6.76 4.09 The territories . 9.42 8.55 The following table shows the con victions for drunkenness in each province, with the convictions per 1,000 of population: Per 1,000 Num- Inhabl Provinces. her. tants. Prince Edward island .. 120 1.19 Nova Scotia . 2,919 6.28 New Brunswick. 1,843 5.48 Quebec . 4,802 2.76 Ontario . 7,459 3.36 Manitoba . 3,905 10.68 British Columbia . 1,697 6.93 The territories. 2,365 4.62 Canada .26,110 4.20 LESS LIQUOR IN SCOTLAND Citizens of Edinburgh Congratulate Themselves on Satisfactory Re port of Chief Constable. Edinburgh people are congratula ting themselves on the satisfactory nature of the report just issued by the chief constable for the city for the year 1999. It shows that during that year arrests for drunkenness, crime and disorders of all kinds were fewer than they have been since re liable statistics of this kind have been kept by the authorities. The total number of persons ar rested for all kinds of offenses, drunk enness included, was 13,411 in 1909, as compared with 15,279 in 1908, a de crease of 1.8C8. That the poorer people in Edinburgh seem to be get ting more sober is shown by the fact that whereas in 1908 the num ber of persons arrested for being drunk and incapable, drunk and dis orderly, or drunk in charge of chil dren or vehicles was 7,331, the num ber last year fell to 5,521, a decrease of 1,810. Much speculation has been Indulged in as to the causes which have led to this welcome decrease of drunken ness in Edinburgh and it may be said that the same decrease has been noted in other large towns in the country. The extra duty on spirits imposed by the budget was undoubt edly, as the chancellor of the ex chequer now knows to his cost, fol lowed by an almost immediate de crease in the consumption of whisky. Better Use for Brains. Edison, when asked if he ever drank, replied: "No; I have a better use for my brains." COL LOCKE ON TEMPERANCE Regards Restrictive Laws as Only In tended tor Temporary Check— Sums Up Situation. Illustrative of the thought which in- J dividual citizens tiro giving to the i temperance movement is the following j expression of opinion from Clol. Frank L. Lock, president of the lloston | Young Men’s Christian union. When asked to sum up the causes of the] present day situation, Mr. Locke said: "The recent very noticeable interest In tlie effort for tempernnee legisla tion Indicates, 1 think, that people are beginning to realize the extent to which intemperance reaches into and j nffects tlie every-day life of ttie com- j raunity. "To those having at heart tlie inter est of tlie city, the state and tlie na tion this awakening to the evil of the situation and tlie interest manifested even by those who are not total ab stainers must be gratifying. While the present prohibitory legislation may not offer a final solution of the prob lem, it clearly indicates that the peo ple are generally aroused as to the seriousness of the situation and are led to take any action which will tend to improve conditions, even if it bo only to temporarily check the evil until further investigation and the ap plication of modern scientific methods of study any analysis may offer a more satisfactory solution. “The increased adoption of laws prohibiting the sale of liquor does not, I think, signify a growing convic tion that such is the only wise or proper solution of the liquor problem, but that it Is a temporary check, and helpful, until a better means is at hand. The study of modern condi tions in our penal institutions and of the general social condition, leads more and more to a realization that the remedy for these public ills lies not in attempting to administer pun ishment, or to make cures for the damage which has been done, but rather In adopting measures that will prevent the occurrence of the diffi culties. More and more it is coming to be felt that inebriety ns well as, In deed, most of the criminal offences, are due to some defective mental con dition rather than to deliberate dispo sition to be bad or mean. 1 ne treatment, or me urunnaiu, o» well as the criminal generally, Is be coming more and more to be looked upon as necessarily more of a hos pital treatment. The success which has tended the work at the State hos pital at Foxboro along tills line Is In teresting. "In connection with the forward movement for temperance, I wish that more efTort might be made to provide, amid proper surroundings, the socia bility and good-fellowship which Is found in the saloon. This sociability and good-fellowship are, to my mind, quite as much the attraction to the sa loon as the liquor.” ALCOHOL AID TO PNEUMONIA Well Known Clinical Fact That Users of Liquor Fare Badly When At tacked by Disease. It is a well known clinical fact that those addicted to the use of alcohol fare very badly when attacked by pneumonia. Indeed, the mortality among drinkers Is very high In every disease, but Is especially marked in pneumonia Dr. Julius Pohlman was struck by this fact, and In order to test It performed a number of experi ments he has recorded in the Medical News. Pneumonia Is considered by the best authorities as an infectious disease, and, from Its organisms, there Is sup posed to spread through the system a toxlne, called pneumo-toxlne. against which weak bodies struggle with great difficulty, or in vain, says Health. The disease Is more than a mere conges tion of the lungs. Dr. Pohlman, in his experiments, took some strong and lusty dogs, and Injected Into the trachea, just below the larynx of each one, some pure alcohol, and noted the efTect. His work seems to have been done rather unscientifically, but his conclu sions agree with clinical experience, although of much less value. How ever, his work will give the anti-vlvl sectlonlsts something to talk about. His theory Is that, If to a congestion of the lungs brought on by alcohol a pneumonia be added, the Individual stands little chance of recovering. While the study of the blood serum In pneumonia has not advanced quite as far and to such practical results as In diphtheria, still It Is pretty well agreed that during an attack of acute lobar pneumonia there Is in circula tion In the blood a certain substance which may be called pneumo-toxlne, which In fatal cases causes death, be ing disseminated all through the body with the blood, while the organisms, as a rule, In simple cases, stay In the lungs. In cases that recover from pneumonia there is noticed at the time of the crisis and after that there Is a disappearance of pneumo-toxlne from the blood, and there Is found an anti- i dote to it, which has been called antl pneumo-toxlne, and experiments with this anti-pneumo-toxine, from a con valescent patient Injected subcutane ously Into one very ill with pneu- ] monla, have shown that the serum in this stage has some curative proper ties I t-\ Isn’t Right Now i f your financial condition ? 2 a Good Time to Dur*nST these years of pros — .. ...— perity how much of your in Take Stock come have you saved? Per haps very little, if any. Why not start right now by opening an account with the Falls City State Bank and conserve your income from now on? This bank furnishes deposit slips, checks and pass books free and pa vs interest on Time Deposits and C11ILD RKN’S ACCOUNTS. V____ A Monument to Fit Your Purse is better than none at all. [ The spirit in which a mon ument is erected counts far more than the cost. A monument of moderate cost will show just as much re I spect and love for the de 41 , ,;:j parted as a more expensive || one, if you can afford only r the smaller sum. We have a good assortment of both low-priced and higher-priced monuments. Falls Citv Marble Works Established 1881. R. A. ® F. A. NEITZEL, M|frs. Chautauqua Visitors Are invited to inspect our stock of Cut Class, Fancy China Dinnerware, Glassware Jardinieres and Lamps We have the best stock in the county and would be pleased to show you through it. A pood stock of Groceries. Try our Coffees. None better. Chas. M. Wilson's EVERYBODY ENJOYS Good Bread It is easy to make. So are hot bis cuit, rolls, delicate pastry and cakes, when you use Gold Coin Flour It is a perfect flour, with which the youngest beginner, as well as the experienced housekeeper, meets with instant success. Milled from the finest Kansas Hard Winter Wheat ASK YOUR GROCER TO SEND YOU A SACK TAKE YOUR HOME PAPER FIRST THEN SUBSCRIBE FOR The Kansas City Star and Times The Star and Times, reporting the full twenty-four hours’ news each day in thirteen issues of the paoer each week, are furnished to regular subscribers at the rate of 10 cents per week. As newspapers, The Star and The Times have no rivals. No other publisher furnishes his readers with the full day and night Associated Press reports, as does the Star and Times. This should recommend the papers especially to the pregressive merchant and farmer I deliver both the Star and Times to the subscriber’s door promptly on arrival of trains. Give me a trial. RICHARD WYLER, Distributor Shauld you want Tho Star by mail scad 10c per week. $5.20 • year. Addraaa The Kaniaa ily Star.