The Falls City tribune. (Falls City, Neb.) 1904-191?, October 23, 1908, Image 2
Leaders in the thirty All Over tho Country Quit tho Nebraskan Office-Seeker end Como Out tor Tail. “Cleveland Democrats” Refuse io So Whipped Ini > Lino and Organ Uo to Fight tho Man Who Disrupted tho Party—Solid South Shows Signs of Breaking Up. One of the best Indications that the Taft arid Sherman ticket will sweep the country In November is found In the continued numerous defections of here tofore prominent Democrats from that party. Practically all of them give as a reason that they enunot support the thrice offered candidate and his change able and unstable theories of govern ment. They simply cannot bring them selves to be Identified with Bryan. Perhaps the most mortifying Inci dents which the Democrats have expe rienced In the present campaign were In Massachusetts, where two big men named as Democratie presidential elec tors declined to serve on the ground that they were unable to support Mr. Brysn and greatly preferred Mr. Tuft. These men wereFerdiiiamlStruuss and C. It. P. Gould, of Lyons Falls, both business men of the tlrst rank. Mr. Strauss, especially, has been prominent In the Massachusetts Democracy for a long time. Their declination to serve as Bryan electors caused a sensation In the old Bay State and throughout the country. Democratic ('otiirrcanmnn for Taft Eugene Walter Leake, Democratic Representative In <'(ingress from New Jersey, called ai Republican National Committee headquarters early this month to offer bla services on the stump for William H. Taft. Though he U-.s been a stanch Democrat nil Ida life, be Is bitterly opposed to William Jennings Bryan and because he believes that the •lection of Bryau to tin* Presidency would menu the greatest calamity to the country since the civil war, he Is ready to exert Idmself to the utmost 10 aid ttie election of Judge Taft. He is speaking at Republican rallies through out the Eastern States. Democrats Orsnnli* to Flfht flryno. That the sentiments felt by these men are shared by many In New York Is Shown in the organisation of the ‘‘Cleve land Democracy." an association whose principles are anti-Bryan, and which has been formed, according to the arti cles of incorporation, “to revive the true spirit of Democracy among the voters of Harlem and of the whole city.” Headquarters have been opened and the club Is doing active work. not. It is a I most unnecessary to say. in the inter ests of the continuous Nebraska olllee seeker. John It. Dos Pnssos. n leading New York lawyer and author, who has al ways been a Democrat, lias come out In a long slntement announcing Ids al legiance to Taft and denouncing ltrvnn Ism and the remnants of the party which Brynn controls. "1 uni a Democrat," lie says. "I expect to east my vote for Mr. Taft.” William It. Davenport, a well known Brooklyn Democrat. „for many years Public Administrator of Kings County, lias denounced the Democratic platform and Is now a vice president of the Tnft-Sherinan Lawyers' Club. Antl-Hr>iin Seiillmf-nt W hlesprt-H'l. Former Special City Judge Irving K. Baxter, of Ftlca, N. V,, who has always been a Democrat, and was r' ' n that ticket, not only has re f.ii c., ’ !Tvnn. hut will take the si- ; i l advo'-i'<‘ the election of ■ a ! t-aeria '.'. E\ en up in Maine, t\ ’ . “ ra tn'ierx of th • Democratic Hi• are s pp-.s d to la* hopelessly Mdclx and, tin n* i> de.'eclion. W. 11. Mcl.Hur.hlln, of Scarhoro, lor Instance, anuounets that he has become so dis gusted with Bryan in the Haskell con troversy that lie lias swung over to the Republican party. After hearing Judge Taft speak at St. IAiuis, J. D. Houseman, of Denver. Colo., a well-known railroad builder, announced his conversion to the Re publican party ami its esndidatea. Mr. Houseman had been a loyal Damocrat for many years. This incident of course, is a direct tribute to Judge Taft’s powers as a campaigner, of which many evidences were produced an bla now famous western trip. “ConTcralona" In the West. * At St. Joseph, Mo., one of the feat ure* waa the ’’conversion” of W. F. Davis, a prominent Democrat, who wrent to a meeting at the stock yards to see Mr. Taft. After slxing up the latter Mr. Davis declared: "I thought 1 would vote for Mr. Bryan, but this man surely looks good to me.” Another Missouri Democrat, E. B. Haywood, a Burlington Railroad con ductor of St. Louis, evidently was similarly impressed: at any rate, he has announced that Taft will get his eote. Noticeable among the vice presi dents at the Taft reception at 8t. Louis were James E. Smith, head of the St. Louis Business Men’s League, and Frederick N. Judsou, well-known lawyer, both Democrats who have de clared their Intention of supporting Taft. Seme readers will remember that in 1900 Webster Davis, former mayor of Kansas City, and assistant secretary cf the Interior under McKinley, bolted McKinley t>> take the stump for Bryan. Well. Webb i' is now lives in Los Angeles, nnd a k i:i the Republican fold, this time to sta , he declares, lie says T. ft N dug t > win und he la boosting lih.' nil he in. In Chicago the ms Men’s Taft and Sherman Club lr been doing strong worl In Cm piign. Two ol- the orgdid.' s of ilie club were for mer Democrats. They are Franklin MaeVoagh, wholm-ule grocer, and Frank II. Jones, s ■ retary of the American Trust nml Savings Bank. AuffiK'nnlNm |*» u III Smith. A former ism <»r Birmingham, J Ain., spoke tn s'... indent for the Baltimore Annul . follows: "I enn give you th ■ noun's of 1 *’<* promi nent men In till eo nn.unify who hn]>e for Bryan's defeat. They are not go ing about beating drums or proclaim ing their Intentions from the house tops, buMliey mean to vote the Uepub llenu ticket. Thej are tired of sup porting a candidate who 1ms always some fad to offer that is fundamental ly wrong and foolish." A special eorrespo! lent of the New York Kvcnltig l'os:. writing from At lanta, Oa., says: “There is every evi dence on the surface now that the lfe publlcnn vote In Georgia will be the largest ever cast.” Jerome Hill, a. Tennessee capitalist and cotton broker, well known in the South, writes to the rimttnuooga Star saying that he has abandoned Dem ocracy and will vote for Taft. “A man like myself,” he declares, who was four years In Lee's army and for forty years a Jeffersonian Democrat, fulls to see In this modern mongrel Democracy anything to appeal to him as a patriot or for tho best Interests of himself or Ills people, From sea to sea this coun try is prosperous. The question is, Shall we destroy this most healthy con dition by the election of Mr. Bryan, with Ills many theories and Impractic able suggest Ions?" He answers that he will support Taft. He says there are thousands of former Confederates in Tennessee who are with him. Wllilnm Weems, a lifelong Democrat of Frederick, Mil., has announced that he will not support Bryan at the elec tion. "Bryan ^ too chimerical In his views for the elil?f executive of a great nation.” says Mr, Weems. John B. Dorsov, of Baltimore, vlee president of the William K. Hooper A Hon Company, nmnufaeturera of cotton duck, Is another of tho many Baltimore Democrats who have come out warmly for Taft. den. Simon Buckner, who ran with Palmer on the gold Democratic pres idential ticket, In un Interview In lialtl more, said that Bryan was not a Demo crat and that he Intended to vote for Taft. "Brynn Is a populist and a socialist,“ said the general. These examples arc only n few of a countless number all over the country which could be enumerated. Yet they serve sufficiently to show the popular state of mind. THE ADMITTED SUPREMACY OF AMERICA. Is chiefly due to the fact thnt tts workmen are better fed than those of any other country. In the Spanlsh-Ainerlrnn War It was “the man behind the gun" wlio made the American victory so quick and decisive. And it is due to "the tnnn be hind tin1 gun” in the factory— the workman—that American manufacturing Is capturing the markets of the world. The American workman can do more work ami better work than any other workman because he Is full of energy and vim—be cause of his better food, clothing and home conditions. THE REPUBLICAN PARTY lias protected him against the cheap labor of Europe. THE REPUBLICAN PARTY has by wise and far-seeing laws built up American trade to such an extent that the American workman is paid almost three times the wages of European workmen. If the working men of the United States want thesfr condi tions to continue they will vote for the party which has created high wages, namely THE REPUBLICAN PARTY. Function ot Neat Administration. (Judge Taft at St. Louie. October 0.) “The function of the next adminis tration Is not to be spectacular In the enactment of great statutes laying down new codes of morals, or asserting a new standard of business integrity, but Its work Ilea in the detail* of furnishing men and machinery to aid the hand of the Executive in making tbe supervis ion of the transactions so close, so care ful, ao constant, that the business men engaged In it may know promptly when they are transgressing tbe line of law ful business limitations and may be brought up standing whenever this oc curs and may be prosecuted where the violations of law are flagrant and de fiant, and promptly restrained atid penalised.” Some of the Democratic newspapers recognise the situation well enough to begin already to pick out Cabinet offi cers for Presldem Taft, but that Is something that Preaidant Taft can do much better himself.—Philadelphia Press. "MY RECORD IS A SUFFICIENT ANSWER," —W. J. Bryan, in Letter to President Hoosevelt. Copyright, 190*. Amor Iran Journal Examiner. —From Now York Journal. TO MIDDLE WEST AND ROCKY MOUNTAIN STATES REPUBLICANS. You want Mr. Taft and Mr. Sherman elected, and they cannot be elected unless the Republican National Committee has sufficient money to pay the legitimate expenses of the campaign. It costs money to maintain nil organization. It requires money to pay for printing, post age, salaries or stenographers and clerks at headquarters, traveling ex penses of speakers and niunorons other details that go to make the campaign end successfully. Congress, as you know, has passed a law making It unlawful for us to sollolt money from corporations. We must depend upon the contributions of Individual voters. If every R> publican In this Western Division would contribute one dollar to the campaign fund, we wUl he able to do all the things thnt the voters wnnt done; we will be able to elect Tsft and Sherman. Will you help? If so, please send one dollar to the chairman of your State Finance Committee, whose name appears In the list following, or send It direct to me and you yvM receive the official receipt of the Republican Na tional Committee. Respectfully, FRRD W. UPHAM, Assistant Treasurer. Contributions may he sent by check or mouey order to any of the following named chairmen of the various State finance committees; Colorado, lion. Whitney Newtou, Denver. Idaho, Hon. Frank F. Johnson, Wallace. Illinois, Col. Frederick II. Smith, Peoria. t Iowa. Hon. Lafayette Young, Des Moines. Kansas, Hon. Frank E. Grimes, Topeka. Michigan, Hon. John N. Bagley, Detroit. Missouri, Hon. O. L. Wliltelaw, 400 North Second street, St. Louis. Montana, Hon. Thomas A. Marlow. Helena. Nebraska, Hon. John C. Wharton, Omaha. New Mexico, lion. J. W. Reynolds. Santa F<*. North Dakota, lion. James A. Buchanan, Buchanan. v Oregon, Dr. II. W. Coe, Portland. South Dakota. lion. O. W. Thompson, Vermillion. Washington, Hon. James D. Huge, Seattle. Or to Fred W. Upbam, Assistant Treasurer, 234 Michigan avenue, Chicago, Illinois. Summary of Wages Earned In Thirteen Different Trades in the United States and Europe. Great U. 8. A. Britain. France. Germany. Belgium. Blackamiths' weekly wage ...$ 16.52 $ 9.74 $ 9.12 $ 6.92 . Boilermaker*' ^»*«*kIy wage... 15 95 9.63 8.14 6.29 $ 4.21 Bricklayers’ weekly wage.... 26.26 9.89 6.86 6.37 4.93 Carpenters’ weekly wage.... 17.79 10.03 7.64 6.44 3.52 Compositors' weekly wage... 22.33 8.97 6.51 7.05 4.77 Hod carriers' weekly wage... 13.74 6.00 4.63 4.07 2.07 Iron moulders' weekly wage.. 17.30 10.13 7.46 6.50 8.94 Laborers' weekly wage. 9.38 5.70 5.40 4.46 1.07 Machinists' weekly wage .... 15.15 9.19 7.42 7.33 . Painters' weekly waje. 16.90 8.60 6.14 5.85 3.26 Plumbers' weekly w«#c*» . 21.TO 9.98 7.35 5.62 3.84 Stonecutters weekly wage... 20.70 9.77 7.09 5.76 3.35 Stonemaspus’ weekly wa^e . . 22.89 10.39 7.24 6.64 4.22 Total .1236 61 1118.31 190.50 179.30 140.30 Average weekly wage.1 18.20 1 9.10 1 6.90 1 6.10 1 3.66 IN OTHER WORDS In the United State* for every 11 00 a man earns In the 13 trades — He earns. 50 cents In Great Britain He earns. 88 cents In France He earns. 34 cents In Germany He earns.. 20 cents In Belgium —Taking the 4 European countries and averaging them—for every 11.00 the American workmen earns under Republican protection. THE KUKOPRAN WORKMAN EARNS 36 CVNTB. TAFT Am) EMPLOYERS’ LIABIL ITY. His Decision in the “Voight CaM” Forerunner of Present Humane Statute. A striking service to humanity which William H. Taft rendered In his Judic ial career Is recalled by Kugene If. Ware, former Commissioner of Pen sions, In a letter to the Kansas City Star. Mr. Ware refers to what was known as the “Voight case,” which was decided by Judge Taft In 1897. Judge Taft's decision, although overruled by the United States Supreme Court, Is really the pioneer of a section of the present employers' liability law, which was passed through the efforts of President Roosevelt and a Republican Congress, and approved April 22, 1908. Voight was an express messenger who, to get his Job, had to sign an agreement releasing the express com pany from liability In case he was in jured or killed. The eipress company bad a contract with the railroad ex empting the railroad from liability In the event of Injury to an express mes senger. Volght was severely injured, and sued the railroad for damages ou the ground of gross negligence, argu ing that the railroad company could not make a contract evading lta re sponsibility. Judge Taft gave Volght a judgment of $0,000 and coats, holding that the express company had no right to make such contracts; that they were oppres sive, unreasonable and unjust, Rnil were against public policy, and further , that the railroad company owed to the j express messenger the same public duty which It owed to a passenger. The path blazed out by Judge Taft was followed In the new law referred to, which provides "That any contract, rule, regulation or device whatso ever. the purpose or intent of which shall be to enable any common carrier to exempt Itself from any liability created by this act, ahull to that ex tent be void." , I Alajority oi (ho Real Leaders and Workers Will Vote for Their Real Friends. No Longer Any Doubt But That Taft Will Get tho Majority of Labor Votes Despite the Unscrupulous Fight Made by Gompers in Behalf of the Democratic Bosses. Loaders of organized labor are op posed to Samuel Gompers in ids efforts to deliver the labor vote to Bryan, and there is every indication that Taft will get the votes of most laboring men. At least three of tiie most influential vice presidents of the American Federation of Labor evidently disagree with Gom pers. One of the men who called on Presi dent Roosevelt recently gave-assurance that John Mitchell is not for Bryan, as intimated in a telegram alleged to be from him published in the last two days, lie declared on authority, said to be ti'.at of Mr. Mitchell himself, that the noted labor leader did not write any telegram putting himself in the Bryan column. The telegram Is said to be a fabrication. Janies Duncan, first vice president of tiie American Federation of Labor, next in authority to Gompers and a man of great influence in tiie organization, has written a letter to Willis Moore, chief of the weather bureau, pointedly an tagonizing the attitude of Mr. Gompers and asserting that each individual should be allowed to vote without pres sure from any one. Daniel ICee/e, sixth vice-president of tiie federation and president of the r/ougshoremen's union, is out for Taft und working hard for him. Keefe ad vises lnbor people to vote for Taft. Thus three of the six .vice-presidents under Mr. Gompers are either supporting Taft or are opposing any plan that will place the organization as a body against the Republican nominee. Mr. Keefe said recently: “Bryan has not been indorsed for president by the executive council of the American Federation of Labor. Neither has any one the right to criti cise a union man for voting for any othjr candidate for president. In fact I will vote for Taft.” Taft’s Trn« Attitude Understood. The Labor World of Pittsburg says: “Every day it is becoming more and more apparent that the more the ‘labor’ record of Judge Taft Is discussed the more does the fact shine forth that lie Is a real friend of labor. The truth has always been recognized by the in telligent and fair-minded trade union leaders and officials, many of whom have the courage to stand boldly out and declare themselves to this effect despite the fact that undue pressure is being exercised to subdue such declara tion.” The United Mine Workers of Amer ica, the strongest organization numer ically lu the country, will not be hound by the political program of the Amer ican Federation of Labor, to support Bryan nnd the Democratic platform. In an official circular Issued by T. L. Lewis, International president of the union, to the 300,000 members, he says the membership has intelligence enough to know how to vote without any ad vice from him and he will do nothing to Influence their political preferences In nny way. “Pabllo RrnKir" Story Contrmrd. A campaign sensation was sprung at Wheeling, West Virginia, at a Repub lican rally wheu Honorable M. M. Gar land of Pittsburg, former president of the Amalgamated Association, declared ha was present when William Jennings Bryan stigmatised union labor leaders as “beggars” and labor unions as “nuis ances" in 1893, when the Ways and Means Committee of the National House of Representatives was consid ering the original Wilson tariff bill* William R. Fairley, of Alabama, for the last ten years a member of the ex ecutive board of the United Mine Work ers, has come out with the statement that it waa the duty of laboring men to vote for Taft and Sherman. His stand is a practical repudiation of the leadership of Samuel Gompers. and ad ditional evidence that the attempt of Gompers to “deliver” the labor vote to Bryan is a dismal failure. Among the well-known trade union ists of Pennsylvania is George W. Boyd of the Structural Ironworkers’ Union. He is fearless In the declara tion of his opln'on and Is always guid ed by what he absolutely bellevee to he the truth. He Is a believer In W. II. Tnft as a friend of labor. Prominent Chlcnaoan Deflea Gompers In the Plano, Organ and Musical In strument Workers’ Official Journal Charles Dold. the editor, who was for merly president of the Chicago Federa tion of Labor, bitterly assails Samuel Gompers for ills effort to deliver the union lalior vote In this campaign. He criticizes In particular a circular Issued by the executive council of the Ameri can Federation of Labor, asking the wage-earners to contribute to the Dem ocratic campaign fund. Two quotations from the editorial are sufficient to show what is thought of Gompers' effort: **We have searched diligently for some act or deed of the Democratic party justifying labor's support, but have been utmbie to find one. “The most deplorable working con dition in the t'nitod States, the lowest wages, the greatest illiteracy, are ail to lie found there under the Democratic regime of the ‘Solid South.’ And the ‘Solid South’ controls the Democratic party.” « On behalf of the International Broth erhood of Painters, Decorators and Paper Hangers a statement lias been is sued, saving “a man is known by the company lie keeps, and Mr. Bryan has publicly chosen to associate himself with men with whose unsavory past he is quite familiar.” The Alton (III.) Giassblowers' union, the largest union in the American Bottle Blowers’ association, lias repudiated In terference by Samuel Gompers, who ad vised the union to Indorse Bryan for President, and summarily laid on the table the communication from President Gompers at their business meeting. The president of Highland lodge, Amalgamated Iron and Steel Workers, of Terre Haute, lnd., said his organiza tion cannot join in partisan politics, and ’ that it also turned down an appeal from Gompers sent from American federation headquarters for a contribution to the Democratic campaign fund. Minnesota and loun for Taft. Bryan is not to receive the solid labor vote of Minnesota. Contrary to the re peated predictions and efforts of Demo cratic labor loaders there appears to be a big split in the ranks of organized labor, and Taft will receive his due share of votes from the union men. Fifteen of the most prominent union men in Minneapolis have signed a cir cular letter declaring they take ex ception to the methods used by the Bryan element of the organizations, and many believe the labor men of the State will exercise their individual wills when voting and will cast their ballots for the Republican nominee. There Is every reason to believe that a movement has set In among the la boring classes of Iowa, the workers in the large industrial communities, towards Taft and the Republican ticket. Not only are tiie labor leaders who early in the campaign were advocating the election of Bryan less active in the support of the Democratic ticket, but many men less prominent but no less Influential in the councils of the vari ous labor organizations are openly counseling a more rigid scrutiny of party promises and records. August A. Bnblitz, secretary of th« Central Labor Union of Lexington, Ky., urges his fellows to vote the Republi can ticket in order to insure a con tinuation of prosperity. BRYAN AGAINST WOOL GROWERS. Proposed Policies of Democracy Would Wreck Wool Growing Industry. McKinley was elected through a number of Rocky Mountain states which had voted for Cleveland. These states were Democratic because of the large mining population. They turned to McKinley on account of the severe punishment they had received by plac ing wool ou the free list during the four years of the life of the Wilson Tariff act, which on the theory of free raw' material swept away the duty upon wool, and this nearly destroyed the wool growing industry of the United States; and If it had not been saved by the Dlngley net. which re stored the McKinley duties upon wool, the industry by this time would have been wiped out In the United States. Bryan hopes to carry Wisconsin, which Is a wool growing state, and the Rocky Mountain wool growing states which voted for Cleveland the last time. Ap parently he expects the wool growers to overlook the fact that the Republi can platform expresses and defines protection to American Industries, par ticularly mentioning the farmer, who Is a wool grower. Bryun's election would be a menace to the wool grower In two ways. The Democratic party has defined Its atti tude toward wool aa a raw material, although it la the finished product of the farmer. It takes a whole year to grow a fleece of wool, and in this cli mate. where sheep are fed in winter, they are fed crops, which represent la bor and high priced American labor, whereas the competitor of the Ameri can wool grower Is the wool grower of the Southern Hemisphere (Australasia, the Argentine Republic and South Af rica). who has the advantage of peren nial pasture, and owing to this advan tage. the cost of wool growing Is only one-half of that of the American wool grower who, In the states enumerated, have to feed their sheep in the winter. Another way to destroy the American wool grower would be by the destruc tion of the American Woolen Company, which consumes 40 per cent of Ameri can wool, on the ground that It la a trust. The American Woolen Company Is composed of what were formerly some of the largest mills of the United States. They are thus what Bryan would denominate a “trust," and as his platform boldly declares that the pro ducts of trusts should be put on the free list, he would destroy the market for what American wool would be left. Then, again. If. in order to strike at the trust, he removes the duty upon “manufacturers of wool," he destroys the other CO per cent of the independent mills outside of the American Woolen Company, or, in other words, those that are not In the trust The Bryan policy spells ruin alike to wool grow ers and wool manufacturers.—Ameri can Economist.