The Falls City tribune. (Falls City, Neb.) 1904-191?, October 23, 1908, Image 2

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    Leaders in the thirty All Over tho
Country Quit tho Nebraskan
Office-Seeker end Como
Out tor Tail.
“Cleveland Democrats” Refuse io So
Whipped Ini > Lino and Organ Uo
to Fight tho Man Who Disrupted
tho Party—Solid South Shows
Signs of Breaking Up.
One of the best Indications that the
Taft arid Sherman ticket will sweep the
country In November is found In the
continued numerous defections of here
tofore prominent Democrats from that
party. Practically all of them give as
a reason that they enunot support the
thrice offered candidate and his change
able and unstable theories of govern
ment. They simply cannot bring them
selves to be Identified with Bryan.
Perhaps the most mortifying Inci
dents which the Democrats have expe
rienced In the present campaign were
In Massachusetts, where two big men
named as Democratie presidential elec
tors declined to serve on the ground
that they were unable to support Mr.
Brysn and greatly preferred Mr. Tuft.
These men wereFerdiiiamlStruuss and
C. It. P. Gould, of Lyons Falls, both
business men of the tlrst rank. Mr.
Strauss, especially, has been prominent
In the Massachusetts Democracy for a
long time. Their declination to serve
as Bryan electors caused a sensation In
the old Bay State and throughout the
country.
Democratic ('otiirrcanmnn for Taft
Eugene Walter Leake, Democratic
Representative In <'(ingress from New
Jersey, called ai Republican National
Committee headquarters early this
month to offer bla services on the stump
for William H. Taft. Though he U-.s
been a stanch Democrat nil Ida life, be
Is bitterly opposed to William Jennings
Bryan and because he believes that the
•lection of Bryau to tin* Presidency
would menu the greatest calamity to
the country since the civil war, he Is
ready to exert Idmself to the utmost 10
aid ttie election of Judge Taft. He is
speaking at Republican rallies through
out the Eastern States.
Democrats Orsnnli* to Flfht flryno.
That the sentiments felt by these men
are shared by many In New York Is
Shown in the organisation of the ‘‘Cleve
land Democracy." an association whose
principles are anti-Bryan, and which
has been formed, according to the arti
cles of incorporation, “to revive the true
spirit of Democracy among the voters
of Harlem and of the whole city.”
Headquarters have been opened and the
club Is doing active work. not. It is a I
most unnecessary to say. in the inter
ests of the continuous Nebraska olllee
seeker.
John It. Dos Pnssos. n leading New
York lawyer and author, who has al
ways been a Democrat, lias come out
In a long slntement announcing Ids al
legiance to Taft and denouncing ltrvnn
Ism and the remnants of the party which
Brynn controls. "1 uni a Democrat," lie
says. "I expect to east my vote for Mr.
Taft.” William It. Davenport, a well
known Brooklyn Democrat. „for many
years Public Administrator of Kings
County, lias denounced the Democratic
platform and Is now a vice president of
the Tnft-Sherinan Lawyers' Club.
Antl-Hr>iin Seiillmf-nt W hlesprt-H'l.
Former Special City Judge Irving
K. Baxter, of Ftlca, N. V,, who has
always been a Democrat, and was
r' ' n that ticket, not only has re
f.ii c., ’ !Tvnn. hut will take the
si- ; i l advo'-i'<‘ the election of
■ a ! t-aeria '.'. E\ en up in Maine,
t\ ’ . “ ra tn'ierx of th • Democratic
Hi• are s pp-.s d to la* hopelessly
Mdclx and, tin n* i> de.'eclion. W. 11.
Mcl.Hur.hlln, of Scarhoro, lor Instance,
anuounets that he has become so dis
gusted with Bryan in the Haskell con
troversy that lie lias swung over to
the Republican party.
After hearing Judge Taft speak at
St. IAiuis, J. D. Houseman, of Denver.
Colo., a well-known railroad builder,
announced his conversion to the Re
publican party ami its esndidatea. Mr.
Houseman had been a loyal Damocrat
for many years. This incident of
course, is a direct tribute to Judge
Taft’s powers as a campaigner, of
which many evidences were produced
an bla now famous western trip.
“ConTcralona" In the West.
* At St. Joseph, Mo., one of the feat
ure* waa the ’’conversion” of W. F.
Davis, a prominent Democrat, who
wrent to a meeting at the stock yards
to see Mr. Taft. After slxing up the
latter Mr. Davis declared: "I
thought 1 would vote for Mr. Bryan,
but this man surely looks good to me.”
Another Missouri Democrat, E. B.
Haywood, a Burlington Railroad con
ductor of St. Louis, evidently was
similarly impressed: at any rate, he
has announced that Taft will get his
eote. Noticeable among the vice presi
dents at the Taft reception at 8t.
Louis were James E. Smith, head of
the St. Louis Business Men’s League,
and Frederick N. Judsou, well-known
lawyer, both Democrats who have de
clared their Intention of supporting
Taft.
Seme readers will remember that in
1900 Webster Davis, former mayor of
Kansas City, and assistant secretary
cf the Interior under McKinley, bolted
McKinley t>> take the stump for Bryan.
Well. Webb i' is now lives in Los
Angeles, nnd a k i:i the Republican
fold, this time to sta , he declares,
lie says T. ft N dug t > win und he
la boosting lih.' nil he in.
In Chicago the ms Men’s Taft
and Sherman Club lr been doing
strong worl In Cm piign. Two
ol- the orgdid.' s of ilie club were for
mer Democrats. They are Franklin
MaeVoagh, wholm-ule grocer, and
Frank II. Jones, s ■ retary of the
American Trust nml Savings Bank.
AuffiK'nnlNm |*» u III Smith.
A former ism <»r Birmingham, J
Ain., spoke tn s'... indent for the
Baltimore Annul . follows: "I
enn give you th ■ noun's of 1 *’<* promi
nent men In till eo nn.unify who hn]>e
for Bryan's defeat. They are not go
ing about beating drums or proclaim
ing their Intentions from the house
tops, buMliey mean to vote the Uepub
llenu ticket. Thej are tired of sup
porting a candidate who 1ms always
some fad to offer that is fundamental
ly wrong and foolish."
A special eorrespo! lent of the New
York Kvcnltig l'os:. writing from At
lanta, Oa., says: “There is every evi
dence on the surface now that the lfe
publlcnn vote In Georgia will be the
largest ever cast.”
Jerome Hill, a. Tennessee capitalist
and cotton broker, well known in the
South, writes to the rimttnuooga Star
saying that he has abandoned Dem
ocracy and will vote for Taft. “A man
like myself,” he declares, who was
four years In Lee's army and for forty
years a Jeffersonian Democrat, fulls to
see In this modern mongrel Democracy
anything to appeal to him as a patriot
or for tho best Interests of himself or
Ills people, From sea to sea this coun
try is prosperous. The question is,
Shall we destroy this most healthy con
dition by the election of Mr. Bryan,
with Ills many theories and Impractic
able suggest Ions?" He answers that he
will support Taft. He says there are
thousands of former Confederates in
Tennessee who are with him.
Wllilnm Weems, a lifelong Democrat
of Frederick, Mil., has announced that
he will not support Bryan at the elec
tion. "Bryan ^ too chimerical In his
views for the elil?f executive of a great
nation.” says Mr, Weems.
John B. Dorsov, of Baltimore, vlee
president of the William K. Hooper A
Hon Company, nmnufaeturera of cotton
duck, Is another of tho many Baltimore
Democrats who have come out warmly
for Taft.
den. Simon Buckner, who ran with
Palmer on the gold Democratic pres
idential ticket, In un Interview In lialtl
more, said that Bryan was not a Demo
crat and that he Intended to vote for
Taft. "Brynn Is a populist and a
socialist,“ said the general.
These examples arc only n few of a
countless number all over the country
which could be enumerated. Yet they
serve sufficiently to show the popular
state of mind.
THE ADMITTED SUPREMACY
OF AMERICA.
Is chiefly due to the fact thnt tts
workmen are better fed than
those of any other country.
In the Spanlsh-Ainerlrnn War
It was “the man behind the gun"
wlio made the American victory
so quick and decisive.
And it is due to "the tnnn be
hind tin1 gun” in the factory—
the workman—that American
manufacturing Is capturing the
markets of the world.
The American workman can
do more work ami better work
than any other workman because
he Is full of energy and vim—be
cause of his better food, clothing
and home conditions.
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY
lias protected him against the
cheap labor of Europe.
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY
has by wise and far-seeing laws
built up American trade to such
an extent that the American
workman is paid almost three
times the wages of European
workmen.
If the working men of the
United States want thesfr condi
tions to continue they will vote
for the party which has created
high wages, namely
THE REPUBLICAN PARTY.
Function ot Neat Administration.
(Judge Taft at St. Louie. October 0.)
“The function of the next adminis
tration Is not to be spectacular In the
enactment of great statutes laying down
new codes of morals, or asserting a new
standard of business integrity, but Its
work Ilea in the detail* of furnishing
men and machinery to aid the hand of
the Executive in making tbe supervis
ion of the transactions so close, so care
ful, ao constant, that the business men
engaged In it may know promptly when
they are transgressing tbe line of law
ful business limitations and may be
brought up standing whenever this oc
curs and may be prosecuted where the
violations of law are flagrant and de
fiant, and promptly restrained atid
penalised.”
Some of the Democratic newspapers
recognise the situation well enough to
begin already to pick out Cabinet offi
cers for Presldem Taft, but that Is
something that Preaidant Taft can do
much better himself.—Philadelphia
Press.
"MY RECORD IS A SUFFICIENT ANSWER,"
—W. J. Bryan, in Letter to President Hoosevelt.
Copyright, 190*. Amor Iran Journal Examiner.
—From Now York Journal.
TO MIDDLE WEST AND ROCKY MOUNTAIN STATES REPUBLICANS.
You want Mr. Taft and Mr. Sherman elected, and they cannot be
elected unless the Republican National Committee has sufficient money
to pay the legitimate expenses of the campaign. It costs money to
maintain nil organization. It requires money to pay for printing, post
age, salaries or stenographers and clerks at headquarters, traveling ex
penses of speakers and niunorons other details that go to make the
campaign end successfully. Congress, as you know, has passed a law
making It unlawful for us to sollolt money from corporations. We
must depend upon the contributions of Individual voters. If every R>
publican In this Western Division would contribute one dollar to the
campaign fund, we wUl he able to do all the things thnt the voters
wnnt done; we will be able to elect Tsft and Sherman. Will you help?
If so, please send one dollar to the chairman of your State Finance
Committee, whose name appears In the list following, or send It direct
to me and you yvM receive the official receipt of the Republican Na
tional Committee. Respectfully,
FRRD W. UPHAM,
Assistant Treasurer.
Contributions may he sent by check or mouey order to any of the
following named chairmen of the various State finance committees;
Colorado, lion. Whitney Newtou, Denver.
Idaho, Hon. Frank F. Johnson, Wallace.
Illinois, Col. Frederick II. Smith, Peoria. t
Iowa. Hon. Lafayette Young, Des Moines.
Kansas, Hon. Frank E. Grimes, Topeka.
Michigan, Hon. John N. Bagley, Detroit.
Missouri, Hon. O. L. Wliltelaw, 400 North Second street, St. Louis.
Montana, Hon. Thomas A. Marlow. Helena.
Nebraska, Hon. John C. Wharton, Omaha.
New Mexico, lion. J. W. Reynolds. Santa F<*.
North Dakota, lion. James A. Buchanan, Buchanan. v
Oregon, Dr. II. W. Coe, Portland.
South Dakota. lion. O. W. Thompson, Vermillion.
Washington, Hon. James D. Huge, Seattle.
Or to Fred W. Upbam, Assistant Treasurer, 234 Michigan avenue,
Chicago, Illinois.
Summary of Wages Earned
In Thirteen Different Trades in the United States and Europe.
Great
U. 8. A. Britain. France. Germany. Belgium.
Blackamiths' weekly wage ...$ 16.52 $ 9.74 $ 9.12 $ 6.92 .
Boilermaker*' ^»*«*kIy wage... 15 95 9.63 8.14 6.29 $ 4.21
Bricklayers’ weekly wage.... 26.26 9.89 6.86 6.37 4.93
Carpenters’ weekly wage.... 17.79 10.03 7.64 6.44 3.52
Compositors' weekly wage... 22.33 8.97 6.51 7.05 4.77
Hod carriers' weekly wage... 13.74 6.00 4.63 4.07 2.07
Iron moulders' weekly wage.. 17.30 10.13 7.46 6.50 8.94
Laborers' weekly wage. 9.38 5.70 5.40 4.46 1.07
Machinists' weekly wage .... 15.15 9.19 7.42 7.33 .
Painters' weekly waje. 16.90 8.60 6.14 5.85 3.26
Plumbers' weekly w«#c*» . 21.TO 9.98 7.35 5.62 3.84
Stonecutters weekly wage... 20.70 9.77 7.09 5.76 3.35
Stonemaspus’ weekly wa^e . . 22.89 10.39 7.24 6.64 4.22
Total .1236 61 1118.31 190.50 179.30 140.30
Average weekly wage.1 18.20 1 9.10 1 6.90 1 6.10 1 3.66
IN OTHER WORDS
In the United State* for every 11 00 a man earns In the 13 trades —
He earns. 50 cents In Great Britain
He earns. 88 cents In France
He earns. 34 cents In Germany
He earns.. 20 cents In Belgium
—Taking the 4 European countries and averaging them—for every 11.00 the
American workmen earns under Republican protection.
THE KUKOPRAN WORKMAN EARNS 36 CVNTB.
TAFT Am) EMPLOYERS’ LIABIL
ITY.
His Decision in the “Voight CaM”
Forerunner of Present Humane
Statute.
A striking service to humanity which
William H. Taft rendered In his Judic
ial career Is recalled by Kugene If.
Ware, former Commissioner of Pen
sions, In a letter to the Kansas City
Star. Mr. Ware refers to what was
known as the “Voight case,” which was
decided by Judge Taft In 1897. Judge
Taft's decision, although overruled by
the United States Supreme Court, Is
really the pioneer of a section of the
present employers' liability law, which
was passed through the efforts of
President Roosevelt and a Republican
Congress, and approved April 22, 1908.
Voight was an express messenger
who, to get his Job, had to sign an
agreement releasing the express com
pany from liability In case he was in
jured or killed. The eipress company
bad a contract with the railroad ex
empting the railroad from liability In
the event of Injury to an express mes
senger. Volght was severely injured,
and sued the railroad for damages ou
the ground of gross negligence, argu
ing that the railroad company could
not make a contract evading lta re
sponsibility.
Judge Taft gave Volght a judgment
of $0,000 and coats, holding that the
express company had no right to make
such contracts; that they were oppres
sive, unreasonable and unjust, Rnil
were against public policy, and further ,
that the railroad company owed to the j
express messenger the same public
duty which It owed to a passenger.
The path blazed out by Judge Taft
was followed In the new law referred
to, which provides "That any contract,
rule, regulation or device whatso
ever. the purpose or intent of which
shall be to enable any common carrier
to exempt Itself from any liability
created by this act, ahull to that ex
tent be void."
, I
Alajority oi (ho Real Leaders and
Workers Will Vote for Their
Real Friends.
No Longer Any Doubt But That Taft
Will Get tho Majority of Labor
Votes Despite the Unscrupulous
Fight Made by Gompers in Behalf
of the Democratic Bosses.
Loaders of organized labor are op
posed to Samuel Gompers in ids efforts
to deliver the labor vote to Bryan, and
there is every indication that Taft will
get the votes of most laboring men. At
least three of tiie most influential vice
presidents of the American Federation
of Labor evidently disagree with Gom
pers.
One of the men who called on Presi
dent Roosevelt recently gave-assurance
that John Mitchell is not for Bryan, as
intimated in a telegram alleged to be
from him published in the last two
days, lie declared on authority, said
to be ti'.at of Mr. Mitchell himself, that
the noted labor leader did not write
any telegram putting himself in the
Bryan column. The telegram Is said
to be a fabrication.
Janies Duncan, first vice president of
tiie American Federation of Labor, next
in authority to Gompers and a man of
great influence in tiie organization, has
written a letter to Willis Moore, chief
of the weather bureau, pointedly an
tagonizing the attitude of Mr. Gompers
and asserting that each individual
should be allowed to vote without pres
sure from any one.
Daniel ICee/e, sixth vice-president of
tiie federation and president of the
r/ougshoremen's union, is out for Taft
und working hard for him. Keefe ad
vises lnbor people to vote for Taft. Thus
three of the six .vice-presidents under
Mr. Gompers are either supporting
Taft or are opposing any plan that will
place the organization as a body against
the Republican nominee. Mr. Keefe
said recently:
“Bryan has not been indorsed for
president by the executive council of
the American Federation of Labor.
Neither has any one the right to criti
cise a union man for voting for any
othjr candidate for president. In fact
I will vote for Taft.”
Taft’s Trn« Attitude Understood.
The Labor World of Pittsburg says:
“Every day it is becoming more and
more apparent that the more the ‘labor’
record of Judge Taft Is discussed the
more does the fact shine forth that lie
Is a real friend of labor. The truth
has always been recognized by the in
telligent and fair-minded trade union
leaders and officials, many of whom
have the courage to stand boldly out
and declare themselves to this effect
despite the fact that undue pressure is
being exercised to subdue such declara
tion.”
The United Mine Workers of Amer
ica, the strongest organization numer
ically lu the country, will not be hound
by the political program of the Amer
ican Federation of Labor, to support
Bryan nnd the Democratic platform.
In an official circular Issued by T. L.
Lewis, International president of the
union, to the 300,000 members, he says
the membership has intelligence enough
to know how to vote without any ad
vice from him and he will do nothing
to Influence their political preferences
In nny way.
“Pabllo RrnKir" Story Contrmrd.
A campaign sensation was sprung at
Wheeling, West Virginia, at a Repub
lican rally wheu Honorable M. M. Gar
land of Pittsburg, former president of
the Amalgamated Association, declared
ha was present when William Jennings
Bryan stigmatised union labor leaders
as “beggars” and labor unions as “nuis
ances" in 1893, when the Ways and
Means Committee of the National
House of Representatives was consid
ering the original Wilson tariff bill*
William R. Fairley, of Alabama, for
the last ten years a member of the ex
ecutive board of the United Mine Work
ers, has come out with the statement
that it waa the duty of laboring men
to vote for Taft and Sherman. His
stand is a practical repudiation of the
leadership of Samuel Gompers. and ad
ditional evidence that the attempt of
Gompers to “deliver” the labor vote to
Bryan is a dismal failure.
Among the well-known trade union
ists of Pennsylvania is George W.
Boyd of the Structural Ironworkers’
Union. He is fearless In the declara
tion of his opln'on and Is always guid
ed by what he absolutely bellevee to he
the truth. He Is a believer In W. II.
Tnft as a friend of labor.
Prominent Chlcnaoan Deflea Gompers
In the Plano, Organ and Musical In
strument Workers’ Official Journal
Charles Dold. the editor, who was for
merly president of the Chicago Federa
tion of Labor, bitterly assails Samuel
Gompers for ills effort to deliver the
union lalior vote In this campaign. He
criticizes In particular a circular Issued
by the executive council of the Ameri
can Federation of Labor, asking the
wage-earners to contribute to the Dem
ocratic campaign fund. Two quotations
from the editorial are sufficient to show
what is thought of Gompers' effort:
**We have searched diligently for
some act or deed of the Democratic
party justifying labor's support, but
have been utmbie to find one.
“The most deplorable working con
dition in the t'nitod States, the lowest
wages, the greatest illiteracy, are ail to
lie found there under the Democratic
regime of the ‘Solid South.’ And the
‘Solid South’ controls the Democratic
party.” «
On behalf of the International Broth
erhood of Painters, Decorators and
Paper Hangers a statement lias been is
sued, saving “a man is known by the
company lie keeps, and Mr. Bryan has
publicly chosen to associate himself
with men with whose unsavory past he
is quite familiar.”
The Alton (III.) Giassblowers' union,
the largest union in the American Bottle
Blowers’ association, lias repudiated In
terference by Samuel Gompers, who ad
vised the union to Indorse Bryan for
President, and summarily laid on the
table the communication from President
Gompers at their business meeting.
The president of Highland lodge,
Amalgamated Iron and Steel Workers,
of Terre Haute, lnd., said his organiza
tion cannot join in partisan politics, and ’
that it also turned down an appeal from
Gompers sent from American federation
headquarters for a contribution to the
Democratic campaign fund.
Minnesota and loun for Taft.
Bryan is not to receive the solid labor
vote of Minnesota. Contrary to the re
peated predictions and efforts of Demo
cratic labor loaders there appears to be
a big split in the ranks of organized
labor, and Taft will receive his due
share of votes from the union men.
Fifteen of the most prominent union
men in Minneapolis have signed a cir
cular letter declaring they take ex
ception to the methods used by the
Bryan element of the organizations, and
many believe the labor men of the State
will exercise their individual wills
when voting and will cast their ballots
for the Republican nominee.
There Is every reason to believe that
a movement has set In among the la
boring classes of Iowa, the workers
in the large industrial communities,
towards Taft and the Republican ticket.
Not only are tiie labor leaders who
early in the campaign were advocating
the election of Bryan less active in the
support of the Democratic ticket, but
many men less prominent but no less
Influential in the councils of the vari
ous labor organizations are openly
counseling a more rigid scrutiny of
party promises and records.
August A. Bnblitz, secretary of th«
Central Labor Union of Lexington, Ky.,
urges his fellows to vote the Republi
can ticket in order to insure a con
tinuation of prosperity.
BRYAN AGAINST
WOOL GROWERS.
Proposed Policies of Democracy
Would Wreck Wool Growing
Industry.
McKinley was elected through a
number of Rocky Mountain states
which had voted for Cleveland. These
states were Democratic because of the
large mining population. They turned
to McKinley on account of the severe
punishment they had received by plac
ing wool ou the free list during the
four years of the life of the Wilson
Tariff act, which on the theory of free
raw' material swept away the duty
upon wool, and this nearly destroyed
the wool growing industry of the
United States; and If it had not been
saved by the Dlngley net. which re
stored the McKinley duties upon wool,
the industry by this time would have
been wiped out In the United States.
Bryan hopes to carry Wisconsin, which
Is a wool growing state, and the Rocky
Mountain wool growing states which
voted for Cleveland the last time. Ap
parently he expects the wool growers
to overlook the fact that the Republi
can platform expresses and defines
protection to American Industries, par
ticularly mentioning the farmer, who Is
a wool grower.
Bryun's election would be a menace
to the wool grower In two ways. The
Democratic party has defined Its atti
tude toward wool aa a raw material,
although it la the finished product of
the farmer. It takes a whole year to
grow a fleece of wool, and in this cli
mate. where sheep are fed in winter,
they are fed crops, which represent la
bor and high priced American labor,
whereas the competitor of the Ameri
can wool grower Is the wool grower of
the Southern Hemisphere (Australasia,
the Argentine Republic and South Af
rica). who has the advantage of peren
nial pasture, and owing to this advan
tage. the cost of wool growing Is only
one-half of that of the American wool
grower who, In the states enumerated,
have to feed their sheep in the winter.
Another way to destroy the American
wool grower would be by the destruc
tion of the American Woolen Company,
which consumes 40 per cent of Ameri
can wool, on the ground that It la a
trust. The American Woolen Company
Is composed of what were formerly
some of the largest mills of the United
States. They are thus what Bryan
would denominate a “trust," and as his
platform boldly declares that the pro
ducts of trusts should be put on the
free list, he would destroy the market
for what American wool would be left.
Then, again. If. in order to strike at
the trust, he removes the duty upon
“manufacturers of wool," he destroys
the other CO per cent of the independent
mills outside of the American Woolen
Company, or, in other words, those
that are not In the trust The Bryan
policy spells ruin alike to wool grow
ers and wool manufacturers.—Ameri
can Economist.