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About The Falls City tribune. (Falls City, Neb.) 1904-191? | View Entire Issue (July 21, 1905)
THE PALLS CITY TRIBUNE , PRIDAY. JULY 21 , 1905.
POISONING BY WHITE LEAD
Squabbles Betwetu Employers and
Employes Result from Feature
of This Material.
For some iiuu1 in the past n bit
ter struggle has been in progress |
in many Eure > iKan countries be
tween the employers and the em
ployes in the painting trade , as
serts Public * Opinion. The cause
of this contention is the use ot
white lend , which , the men say ,
jeopardix.es their lives and health ,
and which the employers claim is
harmless. From time to time the
matter has been taken up by vari
ous labor organizations , but theo
seems to have been made little erne
no progress in the right direction.
Recently , at the request of ti.e Nu
tional Federation of Painters o'
France , M. Kdouard Saltier , of ti. <
Vie Illuslree of Paris , investigat
ed the matter and it seems to ha u-
been proved beyond question that
the painte's have the right o.i
Mr. Snt tier illustrates h'.s ai ti
de with many photographs of niei.
who have been permanently A'.t
allied by the us-e of white lead .11
paints , one of the photeigrai hs-
the body of a painter who died
from lead poisoning , while Mr
Saltier was nuking his investiga
tion. The conclusion to be drawn
from the facts presented is that
white lead is a poison which ma ;
enter the body in various ways ,
the chief channel , howevei. being
the digestive tract. When a work
man , for example , whose hands-
are covered with white ler.d
Kinokes a cigaietleorcats his food
with his hands in this condition he
introduces into his body a certain
quantity of lead. Hut there arc
other channels of almost equal
importance , such as the respira
tory organs , and expeiiments
have shown that when an animal
lives in an atmosphere filled with
lead dust there are soon produced
lesions of the lungs. In addition
to penetration through lungs.
stomach , digestive tube and
mouth , the lead may also enter
tor the body through the kin.
When the skin is dry i :
does not seem to have been
established that the lead enters
the organism , but when the skin is
moist , or lorn , or scratched , the
lead finds an easy ingress.
The results of the lead poison
ing are paralysis and atrophy of
the nervous system , various cere
bral disorders , albuminuria of the
kidneys with all of its consequen
ces , and so forth. Hy far the most
serious results , however , are in
the domain of heredity.
LACE OF NATURE'S MAKING
Fibrous Pith , with an Agreeable Odor ,
and Textile Strength on
There are in all about half a
dozen lace-bark trees in the world ,
so-called because the inner bark
yields a natural lace in ready-made
sheet form which can be made up
in serviceable articles of apparel.
Only four of these curious species !
of trees are of much practical
value. Tourists who have stopped I
at Hawaii or Samoa may recalj the
lace-bark clothing of the natives
clothing of a neat brown color
when new , of remarkable strength
and of a fragrant odor , like fresh
ly cured tobacco leaf. The native
"tapa" cloth , as it is called , is
made of the bark of Urusonetia
papirifera , but is not usually in
cluded among the real lace-bark
Of the lace-bark trees yielding
a pure , snowy lace of utility , we
have on the Pacific side of the hemisphere i-
isphere the sterquilia acerifolia of
Australia ( also called "flame tree , "
in allusion to its showy red flow
er ) , and in Maori land the plagiau
thus betulinus. On the Atlantic
side there is only one lace-yielding
tree so far known the lageta lin
teria of the Caribbean islands. Oi
the dafne tenuifolia of Soutl
America I have never been able t <
discover a single specimen , de
spite careful search , nor have .
ever meet anyone who has seen th <
tree growing , jn South America
In its natural state the lace
bark is of a most delicate cream
white tint. It is probably a kin <
of fibrous pith. When the oute
bark ie removed , it can bo unfold
ed and unwound in one seamles >
piece , having a surface of a llttli
more than a square yard. Waal
ing and BUU bleaching giveitadai
ling white appearance. It has i
fatet , agreeable odor not unlik
tlutt of freshly split.bamboo.
SHE HAD THE REAL KNACK
Woman Lifting Heavy Bundle Aided
by Engineer Who Exploited [
Her Strength. ,
"Skilled workmen will handle
loads of almost incredible weight.
even though ( hey may not be par
ticularly muscular , " said an engi
neer who was conversing with .1
friend. "It's all a knack. Thev
have little tricks of the trade
which they employ , most of it of
the balancing order. " The Chicago
Daily News tells how th , * statement * -
ment was illustrated.
"If you will notice , " continued
" will observ-
the engineer , "you
that a person who does the * same
thing many time's seion learns to
do it easily , and that applies eve-ii
to lifting and carrying weights.
Now , here is a case in point. l > "
you see that pile of boards there
on the curb ? That Italian woman
is getting firewood front tin
scraps and bits across the * street.
She * has. 1 vontuio to say. all eif
hundred pounels of wood in tha't
pile * . She will-put that on hot
head and walk away with it. car
rying a bigger leul : than you er I
can lift.lust wait here a minute
and you will see Low easily sl.e
does the trick. "
The * two stored beside the
board , and just bee-ause tlu\
stopped . " -id looked another ui.n
stopped , f o. Kooa a fourth in i
and then a boy joined the greiuj1
and before tl ; * wonr.n had n
turned with the i-est of he. sage ; . ' \
age * ( itiite a < < > ' of curious p o
pie * had . ; * . around her \ < "
In nowise disconcerted by hci'
sudelen conspicuousne'ss. the weim
an plodded across the1 street. She
lifted one end of the * pile , slippe-d
a piece of rope under it and looped
i ( around the boards. Then she
fastened the other enel in the same
way. Next she drew from tinder
her skirt a cushion , which she
placed firmly em her head. The en
gineer pulled his friend forward. .
"Now watch her tackle it , " he
whispered , eagerly. The woman ,
a spare , lean creature , moved
toward the place where the engi
neer stood. Quickly lift ing one enel
e f the pile of boards , she turned to
him and peremptorily ordered
him "Here tak-a hold-ii
: , you , - -
here ! "
Before he knew what he was do
ing , the engineer found himself
lifting his enel of the boards , while
the woman , stooping , lifted the
either and she got under the pile *
at the same time. Then she
"hunched" her head forward until
she had the boards poised on the
"Now let-a go ! " she ordered ,
and stalked off.
"It's quite a knack , " said'thoen-
gineer's friend , with a grin , but
the engineer was so busy digging
a splinter from the'ball of his
thumb that he failed to make any
The Florida phosphate beds
were first discovered by the ge > v-
ernment geologist about 1884 ,
but nothing was thought of or 1
done about them until 1S8 ! ) or
1800. The phosphate rock is found
in pockets , not veins , and these
pockets parallel the gulf coast
about 'iO miles inland. The min
ing is all open work. We do an ex
port business entirely. We shiji
principally to Germany , but also
to the United Kingdom , to Nor
way , Sweden and Denmark , Aus
tria and a little to Russia. W <
did ship to France , but since de
posits have been found in Algiers
and the French companies have
- entered that field we have shipped
f very little. Florida Times-Union
Continental Bridal Wreaths.
The bridal wreath is usuallj
formed of myrtle branches in Ger
many ; it is made of orange bios
soms in France , as well as in 0111
own country ; in Italy and tin
French cantons of Switzerland i it
is of white roses ; in Spain tin e
flowers of which it is compose )
are red roses and pinks ; in the it-
1 lands of Greece vine-leaves servi
e the purpose , and in Bohemia rose
. inary is employed ; in Germai
p- Switzerland a crown of artiflcia
i- flowers takes the place of thi
Porter on Pullman Car He ]
e a pardon , salt ; but dig yere half doi ilt
lar you gave me has a hole in il
i Passenger So bad the blanke
you gave me last eight. Broo )
ARE , KITCHEN PERQUISITES.
Cooks i and Stewards Who Get Commissions -
missions on PurchaBcs Make ,
Perquisites for the head of the. ,
kitchen ! are mailers to be mentioned -
tioned with bated breath , says the
Ne-w York Times. They are some
thing that neither the cook , chef
nor market man will allow , yet it
is a we'll-knenvn fact that inmost |
large households the steward of
the establishment , whoever that
may be , makes a comfortable in
come in commissions. It was th-s
dealer , undoubtedly , who began
this , but the custom has devel-
oj.K > d as it has grown , and de
mands for commissions have mul
tiplied , and occasionally a little
information crops out through
some one who feels aggrieved.
" 11 was all light , " groaned the
marketman the either day , , "when
I allowed tlie'in f > or 10 per cent.on
the bills , but when they begin to
demand la and 20 percent , it looks
At some of the bureaus where
high-priced servants register
< liey will not take one whom they
know exacts commissions. There
are few who are refused on that
account , however , for , as stated ,
if is not a subject that is usually
mentioned. One high-priced cook ,
however , has waited for several
months for a position because she
refused to take one where a house 1
keeper was employed , and she
was conscientiously kept from
others on the grounds that slit
was looking for perquisites.
One family in New York abso
lutely refuses to allow anyone in
its employ to receive commissions *
on household supplies purchased.
They look into the matter care
fully , and none is given. However ,
if the shopman is so minded , or the
cook sends a letter saying that
times are hard and money scarce1 ,
and he then sends out a little pres
out of ? i > 0 or . L'n , who can object' :
That is a simple way to get around
( he matter , and no one is the
There may be an understaiidinjj
with the family that acommissioi
is to be received , and the matte *
is then on as legitimate a basis as
that of any other business. As :
rule , however , it is generally nn
derstood , and the mistress of the
house , though she may have ob
jections , closes her eyes and put *
the whole thing comfortably on
of mind. If she doesn't it make. "
no difference ; she can do little t
"I know my servants receive
commissions , " said the mistresi
of one wealthy family the othe
day , "but what can one do ? If
should allow myself to be worriei
by such things I should be perfect
ly miserable , and if I watched th
servants all the time I could de
nothing else. "
INSURING AGAINST TWINS.
Underwriter Makes $125 in Venture
Which He Knew He Could
Not Lose Out.
An English gentleman of limited -
ed means had married recently
into a very prolific family , says
Leslie's Monhtly. There was pros
pect of an addition to his house
"Twins , " reflected the gentle
man , "are much more expensive
to support than one child. " And
he sent his broker to one of f
Lloyd's underwriters. The under
writer set an actuary to look over
the vital statistics and make a
few calculations. Then for the
sum , I think , of 25 guineas , he in
sured the gentleman in 1,000 )
against the advent of twins.
This somewhat threadbare tale
shows fairly both sides ef the
game of insurance. The evident
side is chance. The underwriter
invited a loss of 073.15.0 for
3II' which he would have nothing to
, show. The other side :
The point of the story if
* that the lady presented her impe !
d cunious husband with one fine son
ds The underwriter , deduct ing , say '
s'o as the value of his time and his ac
tuary's , , set down a net profit 01
ll 24.5.0 , for which he had advancec
! nothing but the risk , science.
Still the Same.
"I met Dumley to-day for tin
first time in years. lie hasn' 't
changed much. "
il- "O ! he hasn't changed at aJl
t , but he doesn't seem to realize it.1
"How do you mean ? "
etk "O ! he's forever talking abon
k- 'whdt a fool he uwd to be > . ' " -
Catholic Standard and Timog.
TIPS BEING RECOGNIZED.
The Government Allows Certain
Amounts for the 1'urposo in
The * goveinment of the United
States | has just recognized olll-
chilly , the * hopelessness of the
struggle against the * tip. The secretary -
rotary ef the navy has pronnil-
gated recently his order for reg
ulating ! the expe'iises of naval of
ficers , for the purpose etf curbing
extravagance. The' order placed
cei-iani limits on the cost of
transportation , Pullman cars and
the like , and continues :
"lleite'l bills of commissioned of-
llcors not let exceed ? fi a day.
"Single meals , $1 e'lte-h ; tip , 10
"Tips em train.0 cents a day.
"Tips will not be * allowed on
parlor e-ars except on journey of
five hours or longer.
"Tips at hotels 50 cents a day ,
but not Ie ) exceed $ U a week at one
An elaborate' and particular
ized scale eif tips is framed for
ocean ( ravel and ( ravel in foreign
lands. Hecogni/.ing ( he greater
rapacity eif the foreign hotel para
site * and ( he perfection to which
the system has boon reduced , the
e'ewimissieuicd naval officer is per
mitted to e'XiKMid .ft.50 ! a week on
tips in foreign hotels , § 1.5(1 ( a day
on an ocean steamer during six
days or less , and $1 a day for a in
lay trip or leingor.
We fear that the1 tip has come
o stay. In old and thickly sot tied
countries the tip abounds if there
ire rich poeiplo in the land. Wlie're
chickens inhabit the open fields in
lumbers , look for the chicken
lawk ; where1 the deer abound ,
there do the * wolves congregate' ,
where the people have * money to
spend on luxuries and want lobe
waited on before other people and
lo get belter service * , some money
ill stick le > the waiter's palm.
DECISIVE VICTORY FOR JAY
Farmer Bests Lord Who Considered
Himself the Best Wrestler in
There * was a certain lord who
considered himself the best
wrestler in Kngland. Me wrestled
everyone of any reputation , and
in these bouts he always won , for
he was , truly , an admirable
Well , one day , after he had cem-
sidered himself supreme for three *
years , he heard e > f a farmer al
Ilacklebrow.who could best him.
Everyone said that this farmer
could best him that he would
stand no chance at all with th
huge muscular fellow that it
would be wise for him to leave
the farmer alone.
Hut the young lord , jealous of
his wrestling reputation , threw
himself on his horse * , and in an
hour was knocking and hallooing
at the farmer's gate.
The farmer was plowing in a
field. The lord rode up to him , dis
mounted and seized him in a good
"I'll show you how to wrestle , "
Hut the farmer , with the great
est ease , took the young man up
in his arms and threw him over the
high fence. Then this wonderful
agriculturist resumed his work.
After plowing in silence a little
while , he called mildly to the
[ young man , who sat , not yet quite
himself , on the grass by the road
"Well , sir , is there an.vthing 1
can do for you ? "
"Nothing , " said the young man.
"unless you'll be * ge > eel enough to
throw me my horse. "
Largest Newspaper Office.
"Which is the
per office in the world ? " asks the
Printer's Engineer. America
naturally claims that the New
York Times building , with its 31
stories and an area of 110,3-11) )
H ( square feet , holds the record , ,
' ( This , however , Is no longer the [
* case. The magnificent edifice recently
cently built for the production of
* the Scotsman ( Edinburgh ) puts
the former building completely ii ;
the shade , for although it car
only boast 18 stories , yet it pos
Besses an area of 261,787 square
feet. This building is more thai
twice the sire of that of the Nev
Counterfeits of Truth.
Truth is precious ; too precioui
for rash distribution. There an
it a number of things that look JOB
like it and are much leas cxpen
ire. N. Y. Times.
WOULD ' RATHER WALK HOME
Story * Told of Carpenter McGloin , au
Odd Naval Character Averse
A naval officer tells the follow
ing i steiry of Carpenter McGloin ,
an i odjl. character employed in the
navy i , who for many years was a
sort i of privileged person employed
in the service because of his un
flagging spirits and wit.
The old Pensacela once was com
ing up to San Francisco from lion
olulu , when she * met a severe gale.
McGloin , who in heavy weather
usually became seasick , promptly
"turned in. "
Shortly after his disappearance ,
it was reported to the captain
( hat something was amiss with
the foretopmast. Accordingly ,
McGloin's services as carpenter
being necessary at Ibis juncture * ,
he was sent for. Staggering on
deck he began to make a series of
e'xcuses , which were cut short by
the commanding officer , who ordered -
dered the carpenter to go aloft
and ascertain what was wrong
with the mast.
Thepre > position struck McGloin
with such amazement that it took
away his breath. "Up that mast , "
muttered he , "in such weather as
this ? "
"Yes , up that mast , " reiterated
the commanding officer , sternly ,
"and quickly , too ! "
McGloin decided to enter a last
despairing protest. "Cap'n , " said
he , "do you honestly mean that
I'm to go up that mast in such
weather ? Why , this is an awful
gale ! "
The officer letst patience. "You
are impertinent , man ! " exclaimed
he. "And I've allowed you lee
much talk already ! Up that mast ,
now ! "
"All right , " mournfully wailed
McGloin , as he * prepared to obey
the order ; "but , " he added , with
a reproachful glance at his su
perior officer , "cap'n , if there was
a four-inch plank from here Ie
Brooklyn , rather than go up thai
mast , I'd walk homo ! "
TRIVIAL , BUT A TRAGEDY.
And No Sympathy Could Be Had
from Confidant of Gloomy
They were all to have a Sunday
night supper at a friend's house ,
and even the boarding mistress
was invited ; so ( he girl gel an
xtra Sunday night and the house
hold spli ( up in parlies for the
iftcrnemn , relates the New York
Hy tweis and threes they arrived
it the host's home until there
were * left only ( he * boarding mis
tress and the husband of the wom
an who had engineered Ihe parly.
There was a quarter of an hour
wait , and at last the husband
"Miss Blank says she can't
come , " he * announced , as he
sniffed the odor of the old-fash-
ioned shortcake. "I guess she
must have another of her sick
headaches , fe > r she seems to have
gone to bed ; just poked her head
out e > f the doorway and said she
was sorry. "
Late that evening the other
woman took home a gencronc.
slice of shortcake and found the
absent one * sitting , disconsolate ,
in the parlor.
"I thought you were ill , " she
cried. "Will said you had gone tei
"My dear , " sobbed the hoarding
mistress , "all my dresses button
up the back , and when I started te
get ready the only jKjrsou in , the
place was your husband. I could
not very well ask him , could I ? "
And the only comfort she re
i-oived was : "Why not ? I've
trained him to do it beautifully. '
Timber Cutting in Australia.
All explorer iiMhc backwoodf-
of Australia tolls how some of the
timber out tors took big risks. " 1
had given instructions to the niei
in the bush that on no aacotin
were they to lay aside their fire
arms , " he says. "After bavin }
j been absent for a short time I re1
turned and found that they ha <
slung their revolvers and carbine :
on a small tree and were workiiij
at about 50 yards from them. I cai
tell you they heard of it. The mi
I tives have a playful habit of drag 11K
ging their spears through tin
grass with their toes and all tin
while looking as innocent as it i
c possible to look. If the native
jt had only thought of it they migh
n. ' have given the cutters a warr
FATHER OF AMERICAN NAVY
Yet 1'ow Ever Hoard of Commodore
John Barry , the Patriot Friend
In St. Mary's churchyard , Phil
adelphia , is ( he almost forgotten
grave of Commodore John Barry ,
a shipmaster who , at the opening
of ( he revolutionary war , offered' '
his services to congress and was
given the * command eif the * Lexing
ton , says Youth's Companion.
Now an ell'oi'f is being made to
erect a more suitable memorial
The very name of ( he famous old
lighter was euie'o a terror on the
high seas , but now little * is known
of this patriot and personal friend
ef Washington , who proudly re
plied to ( Sen. IIowe'HoiroroflOO-
1)00 ) and command of a British
squadron : "The Kngllsh govern
ment is not rich enough ( o
buy me * ! "
Barry was not , as is sometimes
state'd , the llrsl to hoist the Amer
ican ensign al uea. but ( o him be
longs the honor of christening the
union Hag with the lit stripes in
naval combat. It was when he *
commanded the Lexington that
lie * bore ( hi * ensign to its first bat
tle * , which was also ils first victory.
K was Barry who took Lafay
ette back lo France * , an honored
and elignifled Irusl. It was also
Barry who , in his last engagement
in the revolutionary war , on his
way from Havana with a load of
specie for congress , was chal
lenges ! by the * Blilisli vessel Sybil.
"Who goes there ? "
"United Stale's ship Alliance
and saucy .lack Barry , half-Irish
and half Yankee. Who are you ? "
was ( he answer.
It was a proud day when Com
modore * Barry supcrintcnde'd ( he
launching of the first-born of ( he
United States navy , a frigate of
John Barry was a man of quick
passion , hut warm heart. Once
during the sMting e > f a sail , when
a bungling performance * caused
delay , he lost his temper eom-
pleely ( and luslily beat the
boatswain about ( he head withhis-
speaking trumpet. When lie-
( alined down his repentance was
great. He * called , lhe boatswain
into ( he * cabin and apologized
frankly and sincerely. From that
day the injured man was Harry's
Hlanch friend and adherent.
lie * disliked hesitation and un
certainly of any kind. When ono
of his officers began a sentence
will ) "I think , " he would interrupt
impatiently : "Who gave you a
right to think , sir ? "
One day Ihe commodore was
amused lei hoar himself quoted by
one * of the crew.
"Who gave you a right to think ,
sir ? " said one sailor to another.
"Don't you know ( he commodore
thinks for us all ? "
BEER DUELSMN GERMANY.
Only Wondering Onlooker Sees Fun
in Contests Carried On in
Land of Teuton.
If the Uhodes scholar who had
been describing lo Chicago the
Oxford system of "seionces" had
gone on ( o a ( iernian university he
would have * found that the man
who can drink a quart of boor
without taking breath is not : there t
hero , but only an ordinary stu
dent. Al the ( lerman "kneipe"
or club meeting for the drinking
of beer and the singing of stu
dents' songs ( here * is a special
challenge to a lUor-Ivoonig ( beer-
king ) contest. The * huge pots are
filled , the duelists face each other ,
and at the work of command they
drink. The first who can invert
an empty pot and splutter "Bier-
Koenig" wins. A German student
will bring pot and mouth to the in
timate angle , and down goes the
beer without a tremor of the
throat. This , of course , gives no
pleasure but to the wondering on
looker ; it is merely an acrobatic
"He writes very uninteresting
love letters , " said the sentimental
"You mustn't blame him for
g that , " answered Miss Cayenne ,
n "lie once served on the jury in a
11- breach of promise case. " Wash
- ington Star.
ie Change of Punctuation.
is Barber Does this razor cut all
K right , sir ?
Jt Victim Well , it cute , all right ,
Jtm Done it about eight times now.
Olev knd Leader. ,
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