The Falls City tribune. (Falls City, Neb.) 1904-191?, January 27, 1905, Image 6

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Humbler Heroes.
It might not ho III dllllclIlC to lead the
Light Brigade
While the army cheered behind you , and
thb fifes and bugles ptayecl' : _
It might ho rather easy , with the Will'-
Ihrlelc 111 your cars
1'0 fm'cet' the bite of bllllets and the
taste of blood and tenrs.
But to ho a scrubwoman , with tour
Babies I , 01' more
Every day , every day soltlllg your back
011 the melt.
And nil your reward forever nol quito
.A full bite
or bread for your babies Say !
III the heal of mho day
You might he 11 hero to he'd n. brl udo ,
But Il Item 1lkp her ? I'm afraid ! I'm
afraid !
It might he very feasible 1'0 force 11 great
reform ,
1'0 saddle 11\Ihllo ' passion and to ride
upon ) the storm :
It might lJo somewhat simple to ignore
thu roar of w1'alh
Because 11 second shout broke out to
cheer you on your po the
. But Iw who , alone and unknown III true
1'0 his view '
Unswervcl1 by the crush oC the mutton-
Blatting crowd
UIIWOU' by the lIahb-hrlllned. blinking -
ing " ease
Which ho sees
'J'hrolwl1 and Illlointed. Say !
a At the height of the fray ,
You might he the chosen lo captain the
tiring :
But to stand all aloud ! How long ? How
long I \ 'r
-lr.r1l11oml Vance Cooke , In Philadelphia
' ' '
l'ollt' .
Items of Interest Gathered from Many
I The validity of the eight-hour ordinance l-
nance for public work In the city of
Milwaukee will In all probablllty be
tested In the courts , so as to furnish
a precedent for other clUes. The A.
F. of L . will make the case.
It 18 stated that the Unite Typothe-
tao of America Is nt present accumu-
lating a defense fund in order that
the eight hour day enforcement may
bo combatted. It Is hoped by the employers -
loyers to gather together at least
Of 1,237 unions malting returns to
the American Federation ot Labor for
November , with nn aggregate membership -
bership ot 84,663 , there were 3.9 per
cent without employment. In the
preceding month 1,006 unions , with a
membership of 105,667 , reported 1.2
per cent out of work.
nepalrs having been made In the
plate and rail mills at the South Chicago -
cage plant ot the Illinois steel works ,
m fmylly 2,500 men are at work in those
two departments. More than a month
ago 3,000 men were notified that their :
services would 110 longer be required.
About 600 of this number , however ,
returned < not long afterwar
The National Alliance of Amalga-
mated Painters , Decorators and Paper
Hangers is In favor ot amalgamating
with the Brotherhood of Painters. At i
a recent session of the alllanco In
New York a committee was appointed
to arrange a conference with the
brotherhood to settle all differences
and bring about consolidation
An act recently passed br the House
of Representatives ot Rhode Island
prescribes a fine oC $350 to $500 , or
imprisonment from three to six
months , or both , against , any : employer
or corporation attempting to prevent
working people from belonging to 1\
labor organization ns a condition ot
new or continued emplo'ment.
"Curse ot Child Labor , " Is the title
of a circular which has been ordered
printed to be distributed broadcast at
the Instigation ot Senator Penrose of
Pennsylvania , with a view ot working
up sentiment In favor ot the act pro-
posed by Philadelphia trades unions
for the purpose ot shortening the
hours of women and raising the age
limit of chl1dren. The circular deals
with the inadequacy ot the present
Florshelm & Co. , shoe manufactur- .
'fa , of Chicago , have found that an I
, . - . - , . -
agreement with a union that docs not
provide for arbitration Is not to the
interest of the . ' '
employer. The union
officials have been asked to terminate
the present agreement May 1 , instead
of June I , and make a new agreement
for one or two years , covering wages
and working conditions and providing
that all disputes be submitted to arbi-
The Chicago South Side Car Men's
union and the Chicago City Railway
company have made an agreement
covering all points nt Issue. It will
expire April 30 , 1906. The company
had objected to Its expiration the coming .
Ing April , as It would be necessary to
begin making a new agreement 1m-
. There was no change In
the wage scale. 'fhe union has 2,000
of the 2,300 employes of the company
on its membership roll.
At the National works of the Amerl-
cu Tin Plate Company at Monessen ,
Pa. , the hot-mill emplo'es were recently -
cently paid a bonus of $18,000 for
faithful and continued service with
the company , it being r.i per cent of
the net earnings oC the men for the
last 'ear. The National works Is one
of the largest controlled by the company -
pany and contains twentY-four hot-
mills and twenty cold mills. The an-
1\ual output Is 35,000 gross tons of
black plate for tinning.
After holding out for five months ,
2,000 of the United Brotherhood of
Carpenters and Joiners of New Yotle
seem to be on the verge of smbmlsslon i
to the conditions required by the
bosses , and the strike , or lock-out , as
It is called by the men , will be form-
ally declared o IT. The one moving
cause for this action Is the fact that :
the funds of the organization have :
been exhausted. For two weeks
there has been no strike money dis-
trihuted _ _ _ _ n _ _ _ and n _ _ _ many nn _ _ of _ _ the men have
. _ . _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ . . _ . _
been reduced to actual want.
A plan for establishing and main-
taining a sanitarium or health farm
for members suffering from tubercu-
losis has been submitted to n referen-
dum vote ot the members of the Cigar- ,
maleers' International union. It the
proposition carries the members will
each be assessed twenty-five tents to
start the necessary fun , which will
realize about $11,000 , and the Insti-
tution will be maintained fiy similar
assessments , provided that Sot more
than two are levied In anyone year.
The present scheme suggests that the
health farm Ge established In Calo-
For ; the next fift-two weeks the
r.iOOOO members of the International
Typographical union will pay an assessment -
sessment of , one-half of one per cent
of their earnings , the total to be used
In establishing a universal eight-hour
day In all job and book offices In the
United States and Canada. While the
total membership will pay the assess-
ment , the number to be benefited by
the shorter work day will be about
25,000. The average wages for the
50,000 members Is said to Lo nt least
$100,000 a day and that the assess-
ment will bring into the treasury more
than $200,000.
The plate workers who arc members
of the Amalgamate Association Qf
hon , Steel and Tin Workers : will be
benefited by another advance. At a
conference at which the wage scale
was arrange for the rear : ending
June 30 , 1903 , the base of the tinplate
scale was reduced from $4.20 to $3.40
a box. Under the provisions of the
agreement wages advanced 2 per cent
with every ten cents a box increase In
price. Dy restoring the former rate
of p.60 a box the price will be twenty
cents above the base , and the amalga-
mated tin plate workers will be given
an advance ot 4 per cent in wages
, -
r There Is a bright outlook for bridge
and structural iron workers : during ;
the coming year , according to reports I
compiled at the headquarters of the
International Association of Bridge
and Structural Iron 'Varkel's. A
good Idea of the amount of work on
han Is afforded ' by the fact that all .
at the American Bridge Company's :
plants are now In full operation , and
will soon be turning out their full ca-
pacity. In all some fifty odd thousand
tons of material will soon bo ready
for erection by the American Bridge
Companr. Besides this work there
are some thirty odd independent
plants that are well supplied with con-
tracts for structural material.
A 11111 has been Introduce In Con-
gress by Representative Adams of
Pennsylvania , by request , which Is designed .
signed to regulate by novel means the
employment of labor. The bill provides
vides that any person or company employing -
ploying journeymen mechanics , laborers -
era , clerks : , or other help shall give
preference to American citizens and
residents of the vicinity In which the
work Is to be done : that no employer
shall have the right to discharge an
employe for a petty cause , and that
any employer who refuses , without
cause , to give work to n citizen of the
vicinity In which the employer lives
shall pay damages equal to the
amount of wages which would have
been earned by the worker who was
refused emplo 'ment.
Separate bills have been introduced
and the House of Representatives pro-
viding for the pensioning of army loco-
motive engineers , firemen and telegra-
phers , as well as the widows and
minor children of the same. The bills
are to the effect that all persons employed -
ployed by the quartermaster general
of the army in these several occupa-
tions , under contract or otherwise ,
during the late war of the rebellion ,
and who rendered actual service for
:1. period of six or more months , and
were honorably discharged , and who
are now or may hereafter be unable to
earn a living , shall upon the submis-
sion of the necessary proof be entiLJed
to receive a pension of $30 per month ,
and that such pension shall commence
from the ate ot the termination of his
class at service. The Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers Is back of the
bill to pension the engineers , and the
organizations representing the other
classes interested will probably take
up the pension question in behalf of
these men.
William Abraham , one of the British
fraternal delegates to this country
from the British Trades Union con-
gress , who is at present visiting cities
In WlsC'tlnsln ' , sacs that wr ttre behind
In this country in the matter of labor
legislation. Mr. Abraham has been a
member of parliament for the past
twenty years and i well versed In
trade union matters. He says : "In
several ways the legislation of Great
Britain along labor lines Is superior
to that of this country. For Instance ,
there Is the law known as the worle- .
Ingman's compensation law. This
measure practically dues away with-
the tedious and expensive suits for
damages on account of personal in-
jury. In this country the workingman
has little chance to recover , because
of the co-emplo'e theory and the theory -
ory or contributory negligence The
British law , wll1ch has been in effect
for about six years , eliminated both
of these safeguards to the employer.
If a man is Injured , unless it can be
proved that he did It deliberately , he
receives after the first fortnight , a
sum equal to half Iris weekly wage.
In case of death from such injury , his
family receives a sum equivalent to
his wages for three years if not In
excess oC $1,000. The result of this
measure has been beneficial In every
way ; The employer is made vastly
more careful In the matter of his
safety appliances and the condition of
his works. It Increases the efficiency
of the men , as each Is anxious to se-
cure a position where he can earn
good wages , so as to have a comfortable -
able amount In case of accident , anne
no man will deliberately take chances
of injury to secure only halt as much
as he can 11'Iake It he Is well. "
{ .j .jI
"Potatoes the Finest I Ever 3aw. "
Owing to the great amount of interest -
terest that Is being taken In Western
Canada , It Is well to be informed of
some of the facts that arc bringing
about the great emigration from per -f' " -
tlons of the United States.
The Canadian government has authorized ,
thorlzed agents at different points , aDd
the facts relate In the following may
be corroborate on application At the
same time they will be able to quote
you rates , and give you certificates entitling -
titling you to low rates on the different - i ;
ent lines of railway. The following f I
! letter copied from the North Bend
' ( Neb. ) Eagle Is an unsolicited testimonial -
menial , and the experience of Mr.
Auten Is that of hundreds of , other '
Americans who have made Canada
their home during the past seven or 1 .
eight years :
"I presume some may be interested . , j
to know how we have progressed. his 1
rear : In the Canadian Northwest. We - - . ; ' I :
have no complaint to offer. We have - I
had a good year , crops were good and ,
we have had a delightful season. 1
threshed from my place 8,650 bushels
of grain. l\Iy oats made 65 bushels '
per acre and weighed 421 pounds per
ushel. My wheat made 3121.3 bushels
per acre and Is No. 1 quality. My I
barley made about 30 bushels of good I
quality. 1\1y crop is a fair average of
the crops In the Edmonton lstrict.
"All crops were good here this sea-
Bon. Potatoes the finest I ever saw ,
and all vegetables adapted to the cli-
mate. We have had a very fine fall ,
but no exception to the rule , as the -
fall season Is , I think , the most pleas-
. ant at the year We have had no
snow yet ( Nov. 9) ) , and have been
plowing and working the land prepar-
Ing for an early seeding next spring. .
Last night the mercury dropped lower )1-
than any previous night this fall , and '
this morning there Is a crust of frost
. on'the fields sufficient to prevent field ' .
wbrti : No doubt many would imagine ' . " .
that Alberta had put on her winter
overcoat before this and that the peo-
pie were wrapped In furs , but It is
only a question of time when this
country will not be looked upon as an
Iceberg , but a country fit for the best
of mankind to live In. .
"We are now assured of a transcontinental -
continental railway , which Is to be
built to the Pacific during the next
five years. The Canadian Northern
road is graded to within seventy-five
miles of Edmonton. It comes from .
Winnipeg , and will reach us next sum- . . .
mer , so with one railroad already at
hand , the second to reach us in less
than a year , and the third to penetrate
our city and open up this country to
the west across the Rockies to the
coast within five years , we surely have
reason to believe that the country Is
"Very respectfully , L. J. AUTEN "
No News to Her.
The chorus girl was reading the
markets and when she came to thG
poultry division and read "Ol ducks _
are dull , " she remarked that she won-
ered why anybody wanted to spring
such an old and well known piece ot
informatlon.-DalUmore American It
- -
Every housekeeper should know
that it they will buy Defiance Cold
Water Starch for laundry use they
will save not only time , because it
never sticks to the Iron , but because
each package contains 16 oZ.-onn full
pound-while all other Cold Water ' ' " _
Starches are put up Inpound pack- . ' ,
ages , and the price Is the same , 10
cents. Then again because Defiance
Starch Is free from all Injurious chem-
Icals. It your grocer tries to sell you
a 12.oz. package It Is because he has
a stock on hand which he wishes to
dispose of before be puts In Defiance
He knows that Defiance Starch has
printed on every package In large let-
ters and figures " 16 ozs. " Demand De-
fiance and save much time and money
and the annoyance oC the Iron stick-
Ing. Defiance never sUcles.
Mistletoe Ig only one of the fiCty- -it
two varieties of eXCUSes for lilsslng : _