The McCook tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 1886-1936, March 23, 1900, Image 3

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    Capital of Orange Preo State Delivered
into Boberts' Hands ,
Made .Specially for the Purpose by
the AVlfo of I.ord Roberta Hocra Offer
Only F elo ! Itc-o tancc Itrlfrndo Is
Now Kncnnipcd on Charming Estate
Commanding the Town.
CAPETOWN , March 1C. ( New York
World Cablegram. ) The expected op
position to our entry of Bloemfontein
resolved itself into a miscellaneous
-sniping. The cavalry division , sweep
ing around west of the town from
lieuwberg , overcame the slight oppo
sition there at 8 o'clock. The enemy
had prepared formidable entrenched
positions along the kopjes three miles
south of the town , but finding his
Hank thus turned by the cavalry ad
vance retreated precipitately , leaving
the spades in the trenches.
Consequent upon the enemy's re
tirement the line of infantry's advance
was altered by heliograph. The bri
gade is now camping beyond the kopje
at a charming estate , commanding the
town from the south. The cavalry
occupies the low ground surrounding
the town.
- The landrost met Roberts outside
the town , handing him the key in med
iaeval fashion. The inhabitants filled
the streets and the market place , many
wearing the British colors and cheer
ing the entry of the various troops
and horse.
The chief sentiment is apparently
anxiety as to what our rule may
mean. Every kind of atrocity is at
tributed as among our intentions.
There is no scarcity of common food
stuffs and rich herds. Forage is not
abundant , but chaff and oat hay is to
be had.
Hunter Weston and ten men suc
ceeded in cutting the railway north of
town , thus Isolating about a dozen
locomotives from the Transvaal.
These machines are reported injured ,
but their repair is not likely to be
difficult , making the capture of the
greatest importance. It was the out
come of an exceedingly smart piece of
work , causing yet another surprise to
the Boers , who are reported to have
quarreled with the Free Staters' agent
as to the proper defense of Bloemfon
The rest here will prove most ac
ceptable to man and beast , including
specially the transport animals.
Three Battleships , Three Armored and
Two Protected Cruisers.
WASHINGTON , March 16 The
house committee on naval affairs
reached a definite and final , decision
today as to the number of new war
ships to be authorized by the forth
coming naval appropriation bill as
follows :
Two seagoing coast line battleships
of about 13,500 tons each , to cost ap
proximately $3,600,000 each ; three
armored cruisers of the highest prac
tical speed and most powerful armor
and armament , to cost approximately
$4,000,000 each ; three protected cruis
ers , to cost about $1,141,000 each.
It was determined not to provide
any gunboats , in view of the opinion
expressed by Secretary Long and Ad
miral Dewey that General Otis' recent
purchase of serviceable boats of this
character met present gunboat require
. The committee decided to authorize
the secretary of the navy to contract
for armor at a price not exceeding
$545 per ton. This applies to the
emergency armor , about 7,400 tons ,
rcuired for the battleships Maine ,
Missouri and Ohio , now in course of
construction , and not to be the vessels
authorized but not begun , nor to those
contemplated by the present bill.
Congress to Have Power Over Monopo
lies and Combinations.
WASHINGTON , D. C. , March 16.
Representative Ray of New York ,
chairman of the house committee on
judiciary and at the head of a special
subcommittee on trusts , today intro
duced the following joint resolution ,
proposing an amendment to the con
stitution ;
"Resolved , etc. , That the following
article be proposed to the legislatures
of the several states as an amendment
to the constitution of the United
States :
"Article XVI. The congress shall
fcave power to regulate and repress
monopolies and combinations ; to cre
ate and dissolve corporations and dis
pose of their property ; to make all
laws necessary and proper for the exe
cution of the foregoing powers. Such
powers may be exercised by the several
states in any manner not in conflict
with the laws of the United States. "
To Open ColevIUe
WASHINGTON , March 16. A proc
lamation opening the northern portion
of the Colville Indian reservation iu
Washington to settlement has been
prepared , but has not yet reached the
signatures of the secretary of the inte-
i'or ' and the president. The reserva
tion will be opened six months after
the proclamation is signed. A large
number of mining entries have already
been made on the reservation.
Pallinnn and Pacilic Reads.
SAN FRANCISCO , Cal. , Marcb 16.
The Southern Pacific company will re C (
linquish all interest in the Pullman ci
cars on its system on the first of next ci.Ti .
nonth. It was officially announced .Ti
today that a new contract had been 01si
entered into between the Southern si
Pacific and the Pullman comany , w
Pacific and the Pullman company , tl
purchase all of the railroad's sleeping ti
car interests aid will in the future tcSi
operate sleeping cars over the South SiT
ern Pacific's lin rs x > nder a mileage T [
Roberts Announce * thtt III * Forces Oc
cupied Illoomfoiitclti Tuesday.
BLOEMFONTEIN , March 15. ( New
York "World Cablegram. ) Bloemfon-
tein surrendered at 10 a. m. today and
and was occupied at noon. Steyn ,
with the greater portion of the flght-
ing burghers , fled northward.
French , when five miles out , sent a
summons into town threatening to
bombard Hornless it surrendered. A
white Hag was hoisted Tuesday morn
ing. Roberts then made a state entry ,
visited the public buildings and took
uj. headuarters at the president's offi
cial residence. He was followed by a
cheering crowd of citizens.
There was some shelling Monday
alternoon , but the Boer troops retired
at night. The railway through the
town is uninjured.
Frasier , leader of the Free State op
position , headed the delegation that
welcomed Roberts.
LONDON , March 15. It is officially
announced that Lord Roberts has oc
cupied Bloemfontein and that the Brit
ish flag is flying from the top of the
This is Lord Roberts' dispatch to uie
var office , announcing his occupation
of Bloemfontein :
"BLOEMFONTEIN , Tuesday , March
13. 8 p. m. By the help of God and
by the bravery of her majesty's sol
diers , the troops under my command
have taken possession of Bloemfon
"The British flag now flies over the
presidency , evacuated last evening by
Mi. Steyn , late president of the Orange
Free State.
"Mr. Fraser , member of the late
executive government ; the mayor , the
secretary of the late government , the
landreeve and other officials met me
two miles from the town and present
ed me with the keys of the public
"The enemy have withdrawn from
the neighborhood and all seems quiet.
The inhabitants of Bloemfontein gave
the troops a cordial welcome. "
President McKIiilcy Afllxes Ills Signature
to the Measure.
WASHINGTON , March 15 At four
teen minutes to 1 o'clock this after
noon the president affixed his signa
ture to the financial bill , thus making
it a law of the land.
Mr. Overstreet , of Indiana , who had
the bill in charge , arrived at the Whit/
House about five minutes before that
time and was shown into the cabinet
room , where he was joined by the
presdent , who , after inquiring if the
bill had been compiled with care af
fixed his signature to it.
At the same time he recalled to those
v\ho stood by the fact that many of
the important financial bills which
had been passed by congress had been
approved on the 14th of the month. He
spoke of the Sherman act , the resump
tion act and now the bill which was
before him.
In signing the bill the president used
a new gold pen and holder which Mr.
Overstreet had brought with him for
the purpose.
Principal Increase in the Appropriations
for the Schools.
WASHINGTON , March 15 The sen
ate committee on Indian affairs com
pleted consideration of-the Indian ap
propriation bill and Senator Thurston
reported it to the senate. The bill
as reported caries 18,413,641 , an in
crease of $1,148,903. The principal
items of uie increased apropriation
are for the support of Indian schools.
Other increases are the following : One
hundred and eighty-six thousand dollars
lars for the payment of the loyal Seminoles -
noles ; $260,000 increase of the appro
priation for the Dawes commission ;
? 50,000 for stamping out smallpox in
the Indian Territory ; $67,000 for a
town site commission for the Indian
An Unkind View.
LONDON , March 15. Regarding the
United States' offer of mediation , the [
Globe says : "The incident is of inter
est only in the light it throws on
American politics. The republicans and
democrats alike are always prepared to [
risk the friendship of England in the
party game. We may preserve amica
ble relations with the United States ,
and it is to be hoped we always shall
dc so , but an alliance is impossible.
We were brought to the verge of war oo
four years ago for the sake cf Mr. oC
Cleveland's re-election and C
- a pretext
for a diplomatic quarel will never be SIf
wanting when the anti-English ele f <
ments of the republic have to be con
ciliated. " ai
tl ;
Hobsoii Heard from Again. isai
MONTGOMERY , Ala. , March 13.
Lieutenant Hobson has offered the iral
state a relic of the Spanish-American
war. It is a flagpole composed from tlol
parts of masts from the Don Juan de >
Austria and the Almirante Oquendo
and the flag he hoisted on the Maria iriw
Teresa when it was floated. Governor w
Johnston has accepted the gift and it
w'll be erected on the capitol grounds. d <
b > ]
itlethueii Garrisons Itu hof.
CAPETOWN , March 15. The British
ish troops under Lord Methuen have
returned to Kimberley from the occupation cc
tl ]
pation of Bushof , Orange Free State. in
Guns and 70,000 rounds of ammunition til
were seized and a strong garrison was
left to guard the town. Six Boers were m'
arrested there on charges of treason. st
Nearly all the residents were wearing at
mourning as the Bushof
, commando of
lost 200 men at. the battle of Belmont. st
Taft Calls the Commission.
WASHINGTON , March 15. Judge
raft , president of the new Philippine
jommission , has notified his fellow .
commissioners that the commission po
ill convene in this city March 27. bi
Fudge Taft's resignation of his judicial ne
ffice takes effect today. It had been - e
supposed that the new commission
.voultl be called together immediately be
.hereafter , but it is probable that the st ]
ask of closing up his affairs prepara- nu
ory to a long absence from the United .
states has made it necessary for Judge ; n ,
'aft to defer the first meeting until tha tb
57th lust.
Charles Harris in Court to Answer to
the Charge of Murder.
IVlls IIouHo Caino to Kill lUenklroii
and tlio manner In Which lie Slew
Him I5rothcrn of the murdered Man
Offer Th 'lr Testimony "Miscellaneous
Nebraska News ,
HARTINGTON , Neb. , March 19.
In the trial of Charles Harris for the
murder of Hart Blenkiron the testi
mony of the murdered man's wife
was completed. The clothing her hus
band wore when he left home for the
last time were introduced in evidence.
Mrs. Blenkiron recognized the vest
when it was produced and said that
the bloodstains covering the inside left
breast were not there when she last
saw him. The state rested after hav
ing examined only half of its wit
The crowded court room was hushed
as Harris took tha stand in his own
defense. He testified that on the even
ing of December 10 last he was in his
printing office at Belden writing letters
and heard the door open and a per
son come in , but did not look up until
some one spoke his name and he
looked up to see Blenkiron standing
in the door.
Blenkiron questioned him concern
ing the article published in the Bel-
den News the previous day concerning
the trouble Blenkiron had had with
the Belden bank. Harris admitted
that he wrote it and considered it true.
Blenkiron called Harris a liar and
applied to him a vile epithet. Harris
immediately stood up and backed
away from Blenkircn. The latter
seized him , however , and dragged him
to the door of the office. Harris
jerked away and ran back to his desk ,
followed by Blenkiron. The former
then secured his revolver and threat
ened to shoot. Blenkiron sa'id that he
had never yet been frightened by a
gun and put his hand to his hip pock
et , saying , "Don't you dare move. "
Harris immediately shot.
Blenkiron turned around groaned
and walked out of the office. He told
John Templan what he had done , then
went a mile from town and laid down
i-i a cornfield. Afterward he secured
a pony and rode to Hartington , giving
himself into the custody of the sheriff.
During all the diiect examination
the prisoner appeared cool and collect
ed , but under the fire of cross-ques
tions by Attorney Arfco , Harris some
what lost his presence of mind and
made a number of rambling answers.
The first witness called was John
Bleukiron of South South City , who
lived at Belden at the time of the kill
ing and who was one of the first per
sons present after his brother was
shot. The clothes that the dead man
had on at the time of his death were
exhibited to the jury , also the revolver
with which the fatal shot was fired.
Joseph Blenkiron of Bancroft was
also called. He testified to having
carefully examined the clothing worn
by his dead brother at the time of the
shooting and that he had experiment
ed with cloth of the same texture and
a revolver of the same caliber as the
one used by Harris , with rhe result
that the same burned condition as ex
hibited upon the dead man's clothes
could not possibly be produced at a
less distance than eight feet. This
was done to show that the parties at
the time of the shooting must have
been at some distance apart. It is
thought that the defense intended to
prove that the parties clenched and
Harris shot when they were in that
Contesting : the Pura Food Law.
LINCOLN , Neb. , March 19. The
manufactures of imitation butter have
decided to participate in the legal controversy -
troversy involving the constitutional
ity of the pure food law. T. J. Ma-
licney , representing the packing house
concerns of South Omaha , filed a brief
p the supreme court setting forth rea-
bcns why the act establishing the Pure
Food commission is unconstitutional.
The position taken by the auditor in
efusing to allow the salary claims of
the department was that theact cre-
tlie department was that the act cre-
tion of the constitution which provid-
3d that bills making appropriations
for the pay of members and officers
3f the legislature and for the salaries
3f the officers of the government shall
contain ! no provision on any other
subject. Attorney Mahoney adds the
following :
"Of course , if the position of the
uiditor thus assigned is well taken ,
he writ must be denied , but if there
any other valid reason why the ii
mditor ought not to issue a warrant
n favor of the relater the writ should :
ilso be denied , notwithstanding that
.he auditor has not assigned such
ther reason for his refusal to issue
he warrant , because it is elementary
a proceeding in mandamus that a
vrit cannot issue unless the relater G
las a clear legal right to the relief ftji
lomanded. jiv
"In addition to the objections stated vh
y the auditor I think it fiuite clear h :
hat the act in question is unconsti
tutional by reason of the prohibition S ; (
ontained in section 26 of article v of
he state constitution , which , follow-
ng as it does the several sections of
he same article providing what offices n :
hall make up the executive depart- w
tient , provides : ' No other executive wci
tate office shall be continued or cre- ci
ted and the duties now devolving upon cihi ;
fllcers not provided for by this con- hi
titution shall be performed by the ti
fficers herein created. "
St-rt Sunday Closing Movement.
PAWNEE CITY , Neb. , March 19.
petition has been presented to the n >
ostoffice department at Washington "i.lo
some of the church people of Paw- lo
ee City praying that the office here F
closed all day Sundays. Heretofore
has been kept open one hour on di
lat day. The movement , however , is .
eing severely criticised and a remon- in
trance is now being circulated and bi
umerously signed. Should the clos- of
movement succeed several proni- hf
icnt business persons of the town hfLi
reaten an attempt to prohibit Sun- dc
ay electric light , telephone service , cc
Mrs. Lnue Accuses Diu.imorc of Wielding
an Occult Influence. ,
LEXINGTON , March 17. To the asJ
tcnishment of the immense audience
that filled Smiths opera house to wit-
r.iss the trial of Frank L. Dinsmore
fcr the murder of Fred Lane the at
torneys for the defense announced.
Thursday morning that they rested
their case. It was fully expected that
a number of witnesses would be ex
amined on the part of the defense and
others in rebuttal on the part of the
plaintiff , but when W. B. Jakway of
Kearney gave his testimony and Prof.
J. W. Dinsmore , superintendent of
schools at Beatrice and half brother
of the defendant , answered a few ques
tions relative to the engagement of
Dinsmore to Miss Bloomfleld , they
When Mrs. Lane was placed tipon
the stand for the second time she ap
peared without veil , but her eyes were
shielded by a pair of large , blue eye
glasses that completely prevented any
expression of those orbs from being
The confession made by her and
s\orn to before Judge Brown was in-
ti educed in evidence , as was her testi
mony before the coroners jury. She
was cross-examined by Judge Hamer
on the two statements thus made and
reiterated her statement of the day
before , that what she told the coroner
vas dictated by Dinsmore while un-
ocr his influence , but that her con
fession sworn to before Judge Brown
v/r.s the truth.
The opening argument was made In
behalf of the state by W. A. Stewart ,
county attorney of Dawson county.
Uis argument was a grand peroration
and contained oratory at times that
affected every auditor present. Mr.
Stewart closed with an appeal that the
jury consider the ruined home , the
diabolism of the crime and render a
verdict that would bring condign pun
ishment upon the perpetrator of the
most damnable crime ever shown in
the annals of this state.
Stewart was followed by E. A. Cook
for the defendant. He took up the
testimony as given by the witnesses
for the state and dissected the same ,
especially that given by Mrs. Laue ,
stating that her evidence did not prove
any seduction or force on the part of
Dinsmore , but that the illicit relations
v.cre voluntary on the part of Mrs.
Mr. Cook was followed by Thomas
Hamer , for the defencse , who took up
the evidence relating to the life of the
defendant" and the character of Mrs.
Laue. He graphically portrayed the
scenes surrounding the tragedy.
The closing argument of the after-
nr.on was made in behalf of the state
by Mr. Nye.
Prominent Railroad Man Dies.
GRAND ISLAND , Neb. , March 17.
Uiake C. Howard died at his residence
in this city yesterday. Mr. Howard
entered the service of the Union Pa-
cifie as traveling engineer in 18C8. He
c.ime to Grand Island in 1871 , having
been appointed general foreman of the
locomotive and car department of the
Lnion Pacific shops at this place , in
which position he continued to serve
the company until his death. He was
: i director of the Grand Island Bank
ing company , president of the Equita
ble Building and Loan association , a
member of the school board , a Mason
in good standing and of high degree
and a member of the Brotherhood of
Locomotive Engineers.
Horlocker Case is Called.
HASTINGS , Neb. , March 17 Miss
Vicla Horlocker , who has been con
fined in a sanitarium at Jacksonville ,
111. , since last summer , when she was
ariested on the charge of having at-
trmpted the life of her employer's
w'fe , Mrs. Charles F. Morey , by send
ing her poisoned candy , left Jackson
ville yesterday for this city. Her case
will come up in the district court
next Monday , as it is the first case on
the docket.
Old Citizen of Lincoln Dead.
LINCOLN , March 17. Austin Plum-
nlney , one of the oldest residents of
Ihe city , died here of pneumonia. Mr.
Humphrey had been a resident of Lin
coln for thirty-two years , being asso-
rialcd with his brother in the hardware
business most of the time. He was 67 1
years of age , having been born in Rich-
Held , 0. , in 1833. I
Xews of Hrother's Death Kills. c
SUPERIOR , Neb. , March 17. Early t
yesterday morning a young man of a
the name of James Peer died of mea- av.
Fler- across the state line in Kansas. v.v
His brother , John , was quite ill of the
same disease , but was rapidly improv-
g until informed of his brother's
Jeath. He began to sink rapidly and
lied during the afternoon.
Nebraska Soldier lluried Sit
BRADY ISLAND. Neb. , March 17. Sih
Ihn remains of Alvin Elder , Company h
, Third regiment , United States in- t
'antry , who died in the hospital at 1b 1 = :
Manila August 8 last , of malarial fever , b
vere buried from here with military TO
ionors. The body was interred in the O
National cemetery at old Fort McPher- bi
on. tl
Suicided by Poibon. st
OMAHA , March 17. A stranger who L :
nay be Albert Braun of South Omaha ti
vas found dead in room 35. at the tli
Dewey hotel yesterday morning. Two id
unpty morphine bottles and a whisky '
lass on the washstand indicated that si
had swallowed an overdose iuten- Pi
ionally or otherwise. fii
lutnidinsr Soldiers Shot.
VALENTINE , Neb. . March 17. This
porning about 3 o'clock Cicero H. oren
ihovipson. proprietor of the Owl sa- :
eon , shot Arthur London and Austin en
. Millaman. both privates from Fort enm
Jiobrara. Thompson , who rooms some VI
Sistance from his saloon , was suddenly all
.vakened by parties forcing entrance to the door when he jumped out of fo :
iL't ! and began firing his revolver , and fie
the five shots fired three entered the ar
of London and two Millaman. ur
Condon is mortally wounded , but the de
odors say Millaman may possibly re- de
cver. de
Attorney General Defeated in His Action
Against Omaha National.
Jud o Uaker Holds that Action of the
Supreme Court It Kqulxalent to Af
firming Ills Decision Kxccptloni by
the State Kcuilnlsccnco of Hartley's
OMAHA , Neb. , March 15. In the
case of the state against the Omahi
National bank and J. H. Millard , for
the collection of $200,000 , Judge Baker
has decided in favor of the defendants
as he did when the case was originally
tried by him prior to appeal to the
supreme court.
In making this decision Judge Bak-
ei explained that he could not con
sistently do otherwise in view of the
action taken by the supreme court.
One judge had sustained his original
ruling , another had overruled it and
the third member of the supreme
bench had taken no action at all
therefore the trial court in this in
stance could only follow one of the
three members.
As each member of the supreme
ccurt took different positions in the
case it would be impossible , Judge
Baker said , to follow the rulings of
that tribunal as a body. The appel
late court being equally divided jon tae
proposition , Judge Baker held that
such division is equivalent to affirming
the decision of the lower court. Such ,
he declared , is the universal rule.
Judge Baker's ruling puts the case
back where it was before it was taken
to the supreme court. The returns
made by that body were peculiar , inasmuch -
as-much as the opnion was divided be
tween two of the three members of the
bench and there was nothing said in
the mandate about a new trial in the
district court. This was one of the
points brought out forcibly by the at
torneys for the defense. The state still
has the right of appeal from Judge
Baker's decision.
Attorney General Smyth , represent
ing the state , noted numerous excep-
tons to Judge Baker's ruling. Snorn
of their legal verbiage , the substance
of the attorney general's exceptions is
that the verdict is not in accordance
with the lav/ ; that there is no author
ity in law to sustain such motion as
was filed by the defendants ; that the
ruling is contrary to the supreme
court mandate ; that theree was no ver
dict upon which to base judgment ,
and several other similar assertions.
This case grew out of the defalcation
of ex-State Treasurer Bartley , it Ue-
ing alleged that he kept an account
at the defendant bank , of which Mr.
51 lard is president , and that there wao
irregularity in the manner in which hr
drew deposits from the bank.
Census "Will Show a Cain.
LINCOLN , Neb. , March 15. In re
sponse to a request from an eastern
newspaper Governor Poynter has esti
mated the total population of Nebras
ka to be 1,206,524. This estimate is
based on a comparison of the vote cast
at the general elections of 1889 and
1S99 , and shows an increase in the
population of 107,614. Assistant Di
rector Winos of the census bureau has
also asked the executive department
for similar information and the details
of the method employed in making
the estimate.
It is generally believed that the cen
sus of 1900 will show a larger popula
tion , but if the same proportion of the
people voted for the head of the ticket
last year as in 18S9 the estimate of
Governor Poynter is pretty nearly ac
curate. In 1889 the total vote was
170,171 and the census of 1890 showed
the population to be 1,058,910. The
vote for the head of the ticket last year
was 203,539.
ISody is Interred.
LINCOLN , Neb. , March 15. Information
mation was received by the adjutant
general that the remains of Arthur E.
Diehl of the Fourteenth United States
infantry : and a former resident of
Cairo , Neb. , had been returned to the
United States from the Philippine is
lands and interred in the National
cemetery at San Francisco. The rela
tives : of Diehl recently made inquiries
at the state house concerning the
whereabouts of the remains , with a
view of having them shipped to Cairo.
Diehl died in the hospital at Manila
ifter being discharged from the ser
Indian Method of linrial.
NIOBRARA , Neb. , March 15. A
sample of the civilization of the ab-
Drigines of this country was given
lere last week. An Indian woman was
aken suddenly ill and died. Her tribe
iid the body out and notified her hus-
and ; , who was in the Indian terrritory.
rhe remains lay in the house for two
r three days , until decomposition hart
pgun to show plainly. A coffin was
hen procured , the body placed in it
md deposited 0:1 the open prairie
itill awaiting the arrival of the hus-
and. In a day or two the body of
he woman burst and being noticed by
he Indians a board shanty was erect-
around the coffin. The next proce-
1'jre was to procure all the bones pos- fc
ible of her departed friends and
tiace them in the shed around the cof-
Died in a Hov-l
FAIRBURY , Neb. , March 1-5. Cor
ner S. W. Dodge was called to Day-
in to investigate a death which oc- * = j
tirreft vwo miles southeast of there 1 !
nder suspicious circumstances. The
ictim was Henry Muiler , who lived
lone in a hovel. Son.e boys happened "
go to his house on an errand and
.und him lying on his face on the
oor. A neighbor was summoned , who
rrived on the scene just before the
nfortunate man expired. As no evi-
ence of violence was presented it was e
eclared that the man came tc Lis a
es.ta from heart trouble. j
They Worn the TlrU to Put Into Oper
ation tlio Idea of IrrlRiitlui ; Arid
ltuIoitH II f * ( Jrown Into Vust Pro
( Boise , Idaho , Letter. ) '
Crlticlso the Morinons as you will ,
they must be credited with the won
derful system of irrigation by which
the wastes of the western states have
been redeemed. On July III , IS 17 ,
Brigham Young and his little band of
pioneers began the construction of the
first irrigation canal ever built in the
United States.
Irrigation made of Utah's desert wil
derness the garden spot of America. It
is doing as much for Idaho , where thu
mountains are so located that ample
valleys , and plains of millions of
acres , may be easily and economically
watered. On the Nile , in Italy.
Spain and elsewhere in Europe , irri
gation has prevailed for centuries. In
deed , CO per cent of the world's breadstuffs -
stuffs and cereals are grown by irriga
Where "the vine-clad hills and citron
groves" around Vesuvius in sunny
Italy are found , a great population has
been sustained for many thousand
years and the land has never worn
out its wonderful vitality being duo
to underlying strata of lava which by
some curious chemistry renders the
soil immortal.
Idaho's wonderfully productive Boll
covers lava strata deposited by volca
noes long ago extinct. The rejuvena
tion of the land results not alone from
this lava , but from rich fertilizers an
nually brought to it by the irrigation
waters. It is almost an aphorism that
land is good where sage brush grows.
Marvelous must therefore be the fer
tility of Idaho , for everywhere the
green of the sage is seen. Wheat.corn ,
oats , barley , alfalfa , timothy , rye , flax ,
tobacco , broom corn , sorghum , sweet
and Irish potatoes , beets , cabbages ,
hops , and fruits , such as prunes , ap
ples , pears , plums , peaches , cherries ,
apricots , nectarines , grapes and all of
the small bush products , grow profuse
ly. Particularly do the apple , pear and
prune attain to perfection in size and
Alex. McPherson of Boise City real
ized $600 per arre from apples. Geo.
L. Hall of Mountain Home sold $800
worth of peaches from one acre. T. J.
Phifer of Boise City realized $900 from
two acres of Italian prunes. Instances
like these can be multiplied ad infini-
But Idaho doss not depend entirely
upon agriculture. Its mountains are
filled with mining camps which furnish
a home market for far more agricul
tural products than the state is now
able to produce.
Snake River Valley contains about
3,000,000 acres and some of the finest
pastoral scenes there presented are in
the midst of gold placer mining opera
tions. Many farmers there realize
handsomely for work during spare
hours washing shining powdered gold
from the river's bed.
In a state having so many productive
portions to select from it is hard to
suggest particular locations , but set
tlers will find room for any number of
new homes.
Different state and private agencies
are sending out printed information
about Idaho. Perhaps the most con
servatively prepared matter is that
now emanating from the general pas
senger agent of the Oregon Short Line
at Salt Lake City , Utah. This railroad
permeates almost every agricultural
region in the state and stands ready
to furnish to homessekers every cour
tesy in the power of its officers.
At the present rate Idaho will soon
be as thickly populated as Utah. It
is in the same latitude as France , Swit
zerland , Portugal , Spain and Italy , and
its climate is incomparable.
Vast timber areas furnish lumber of
excellent quality. Cyclones and de
structive storms never occur. The win
ters are short and people work out
doors all the year. The annual death
rate is the lowest of any state in the
Verily Idaho is a wonderful state and
destined to become the home place of
many times its present population.
Senatorial MiulTtakfrs
There are but two confirmed snuff
smokers in the United States senate
at the present time , Senator Turner ,
cf "Washington , and Senator Car
ter of Montana. The old custom of
taking snuff has about died out.
IJrokeii-Neoked .Man ( ifltltiK Well.
Walter Duryea , whose neck v.-ai
broken early last summer , by a dive
into shallow water at the Duryea.
country place , Gl n Cove , L. L , and
who has since been a patient at Roosevelt
velt hospital , is steadily improving.
He has now full control of the mus
cles of the upper part of his body and
though the lower part of his body is
still paralyzed and he is unable tJ
walk cr stand , sensation has returned
which is regarded as a hopeful sign.
He is confident of his eventual recov
Chicago's Kxtortloiiate Tar Hate.
Because of the multiplication cf
governments in Chicago , due to the ex
istence of seven townships in Coo <
county , the per cent cost of collecting
taxes is 6.G3. as compared with .57 in
Nov.- York proper , .DG in St. Paul , and
1.12 in Boston.
Feminine ll.uilc Stock Otrnrr-i.
The amount of the national bank
stock held by women in America is
estimated at § 130,000.000 , and th-j
amount of private and state bank
stock at $137,000,000.