The McCook tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 1886-1936, March 16, 1900, Image 3

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    Strong in Itself , But Surronndinga Make
It Easily Turned ,
Dutch Lines Only Foor Miles from the
- Main Position of Gou. Itoberfs Army
Gon. U'hlto's
Begins to
OSFONTEIN , Saturday , March 3.
i no Boer position has now been fairly
located as about four miles to the Brit
ish front and extending about eight
miles. The Boer right
.consists of a
high , long mountain on the north side
ol the river , which General Trench
shelled this morning.
Apparantly the space between t5se
mountain and the river has been en
trenched. South of the river the Boer
lines cover more ground. A few days
ago their left rested on the high kopjes
standing in the middle of the plain.
They have now been extended two
miles farther south , while six small
kopjes stand In the plain between the
center and the left and between the
center and the river and form a ridge
behind which the Boers move unseen.
The weakness of the whole position ,
however , is that it can easily be turned
. /'in either direction. The country is flat
and water abounds the recent rains
having nearly filled all the dams.
" LONDON , March 7. The Boers in
northern Cape Colony are in full re
treat to the Orange Free State. The
possession of Stormberg puts General
Gctacro in railroad communication
with General Clements at Solesberg ,
for though the Boers partially wrecked
the railroad it is understood that it can
be quickly repaired , and thus the en
trance of additional British troops into
the Free State will be greatly facili
From Osfontein , where Field Mar
shal Roberts is opposed by a good-
sized body of Boers , there is still no
news except reports of minor skir
The position gained by General Bra
bant at Dordrecht Is reported to be ex
ceedingly strong. According to the
Times correspondent the Boer numbers
alone enabled them to retreat from
Dordrecht , practically unhindered. Ha
also reports a violation of the white
flag by the Boers an- ! that they delib
erately fired at close range on a
' si i etcher parity.
General White's garrison has begun
to leave Ladysmith and is arriving at
the Mooi river camp , where the troops
will remain several days , after which
they will go further south. They are
emaciated and exhausted and say the
road to Colenso presented scenes that
oceed in horror those depicted in
Dante's "Inferno. " Dead men and ani
mals are lying , mutilated and putrified
la the trenches formerly occupied by
the Boers , and fill the air with a sick
ening stench. In cases where hurried
burial had been attempted tTie rams
have washed the earcli away , anc out
of the earth stick ghastly legs and
arms of dead burghers.
A dispatch from Osfontein says that
according to the Boer prisoners an
other important British success will
cause President Steyn to flee to Pre
The president fleeing to Pretoria will
leave a provisional government at
Bloemfontein , which is likely to make
peace overtures. Those Free Staters
who do not wish for peace will trek
into the Transvaal and there help to
make a stand which most of the Brit
ish military critics now point out will
constitute the most difficult and decid
ing feature of the war. 'i e recent
rains have afforded Lord Roberts good
giass , and copious supplies have reach
ed him. News of his advance is eager
ly awaited.
fclkely to Bo a Stumhllnjr Block In the
Way of imperialists.
LONDON , March 7. The Morning
Leader says : "Of one thing we may
be certain : Cecil Rhodes , who knows
South Africa , has made up his mind
that the annexation of the republics
will -not bring the lasting peace which
our imperialists prophesy. Mr.
Rhodes is so sure this will not happen
that he is prepared to set to work at
once on the fortifications of Kimber-
lev"We incline to think that Mr.
Rhodes is preparing for a possible
armed conflict with the imperial fac
tion which fought at the polls and in
parliament until 1895. He is prepar
ing to resist any attempt on our part
to interfere actively in South African
affairs , either in the interests of the
Dutch elector , whose vote is alreadv
threatened , or the Kaffir laborer who
seems doomed to virtual slavery.
"This is not , indeed , an extravagutt [
hypothesis. Rhodes has consistent/
maintained a policy of 'Africa for the
Afrikander' and on his lips the latter
word is synonymous with financier.
He will be loyal to the English flag
just so long as it continues to be a
valuable commercial asset. "
Must Not Crofs the I < lne.
SAN FRANCISCO , March 7. A spe
cial from Bnson , Ariz. , says :
Rumors have reached here that a
large body of Yaqui Indians are head
ed for the international line. Orders
have been Issued by General Merriam
to the commanding officer at Fort
Huachauaca to hold troops in readi
ness for immediate field service to be "
used to repel any attempt to cross the
line into the United States.
Bill Against Dirties on Paper.
WASHINGTON , March 7. Repre
sentative De Vries of California has
introduced a joint resolution for the
repeal of duties on white or printing
paper and the material from which it
is made and directing the attorney
general to proceed under the anti
trust law against those maintaining a
monopoly in such paper and materials. '
The resolutions recite that the exist '
ing duty of $6 per ton greatly aids
in the maintenance of the monopoly ;
lhat the price of paper has been in
creased 60 per cent.
Between Eighty and Ninety Still in the
Rod A h Mine.
CHARLESTON , W. Va. , March 8.
dope for the rescue alive of th eighty
or ninety miners helleved to he still
entombed in the Red Ash mine , the
scene of yesterday's explosion , has
been practically abandoned.
A' number of dead bodies were taken
from the shaft after 11 o'clock last
night , and , although the working par
ty is unremitting in its efforts to
reach the part of the workings still
cut off it is feared they will be too
late to save the entombed workmen.
HINTON , W. Va. , ftlarch 8. It is
almost a'certainty that forty-two
lives werq lost in yesterday's explosion
at the Red Ash mines. The cause of
the exploson is unknown , but is sup
posed to have been caused by a miner
entering the unused room in the mines
with an open lamp. Tnero were for
ty-two men in the mine at the time
of the explosion , and if It had oc
curred twenty minutes later the loss
of life would have reached 150 or more.
The names of those supposed to
have been In the mines at the 'time of
the explosion who are as yet unac
counted for are : .Sam Sheff , Pohn
Glair , Andy Pritt , Quit Stewart , Ed
Bobbie , Robert Jones , Granvllle
Holmes , Sam Shew , Junius Sanders ,
Dili Sledge , Vale Edgars , John Stone ,
Ed Harper , William Holmes , Ed Hav-
erch , William Haverich , Alfred Col
lins , Tobe Collins , Charles Fouts , N.
C. Ramsey , James Washington , New-
velle Douse , John Douse , Berry Tuck
er , , Rolston Holmes , Charles Downey ,
Edward Downey , Ernest Long , Thomas
Long , Carl Downey , Late Long.
So far twenty-nine dead bodies have
been recovered ; only the following
l ave been identified : B. B. Long ,
John Day , Joe Elliott , Mat Quarles ,
Sam Jackson , James Hackney , boss
driver , and William Day.
The others who have been taken out
could not be identified. The work of
rescuing is being pushed as rapidly as
possible , hut the afterdamp being very
stiong , men can woitc but a few min
utes at a time.
This the Conservative Estimate of Those
Killed at Fire Crook.
FIRE CREEK , W. Va. , March 8.
Rescuing parties continued working
hard at Red Ash mine today in remov
ing debris and securing the bodies of
the victims of the explosion of yester
Scenes of distress among those hunt
ing their missing friends are undimin-
ished. The work of the mine contin
ues night and day and it is still im
possible to give the exact number of
the victims or to identify the bodies
that have been recovered.
The most conservative estimates of
those connected with the mine place
the killed at seventy and there are
others who insist that the number of
victims will be found to be greater.
A report from the rescuers at the
mine after 8 o'clock tonight was that
thirty-four bodies had been removed ,
twenty-nine being dead and five seri
ously injured. Those rescued alive
are :
Carl Downey , John L. Day , Joseph
J211iott , John Kane and Harry Daw-
scn. The surviving miners a'Scl others
estimate that there are at least thirty-
nine miners still entombed. General
Manager Howell says there are only
; hirty-six still in the mine. The esti
mate of the latter would indicate that
: here were seventy killed and five in
ured , as it is conceded that all of
those still in the mines are dead.
None of the mines in this district
a yet working and thousands of people
ple visited the scenes of the Red Ash
disaster today. Some of the dead bodes
es have been shipped to the former
homes of the victims. Many funerals
were held here today and many will
be held tomorrow.
Praises the Courage and Tenacity of the
DURBAN , March 8. General Buller ,
in a general order regarding the relief
af Ladysmith , says : "Two forces dur
ing the last few months have striven
with conspicuous gallantry and splen
did determination to maintain the hon
or of the queen and the country. The
Ladysmith garrison for four months
held" that position against eve-y at
tack with complete success and en- j-
dured many privations with admirable ,
fortitude. The relieving force had to j
force its way through an unknown .
country , across unfordable streams
and on almost inaccessible heights ,
face a fully prepared , well armed and
tenacious enemy. By the exhibitioner
or the truest courage , courage that
burns steadily beside flashing bril
liantly , it accomplished its object and
added a glorious page to the history of
the country.
"Ladysmith was successfully held
pnd relieved and the sailors and sol
diers , colonial and home born , who
had done this were united by one de
sire and inspired by one patriotism. "
The order congratulates both forces
on the martial qualities displayed and
thanks them for their determined ef
forts.- General Buller also sympa
thizes with the relatives and friends t.
of the gallant comrades who have fal t.E t.b
len. b
House Mourns Another L.OSS.
WASHINGTON , D. C. , March 8.
The house was in session but twenty- Mti
five minutes today , adjourning out of tiv
respect to the memory or the late Rep $
resentative Harmer of Pennsylvania ,
"the father of the house. " who died
yesterday. The usual committee was
appointed to attend the.funeral.
More Soldiers Burled at Arlington.
WASHINGTON , M-.rch 8. The re
mains of sixty-six soldiers who died in
Cuba were buried at Arlington ceme
tery today with military honors. The
bodies of about 500 soldiers who died
in Cuba now rest in this historic spot.
The officers at Fort Myer had charge
of the services , which were ver3' sim
ple. A Protestant and a Catholic
'clergyman read the burial service , t ,
'taps" were sounded and a volley fired
over the graves. J
C (
All problems are so simple to those ai
who are not asked to solve them. aid
A. Continuance for Dinsmoro is Abso
lutely Befused ,
Judge Sullivan Declines Even to Hear
Argument for Postponement Prisoner
Tuken Buck to Kearney Disastrous
Wreck on a Union Puclllc Branch Mis
cellaneous Nebraska Mutters.
LEXINGTON , Neb. , March 12.
Frank L. Dinsmore was taken before
Judge Sullivan , and his attorney , Norris -
ris Brown , asked for permission to
present arguments for a continuance
of his case beyond next Monday. Judge
Sullivan would not even allow the
motion to be argued , but said at once :
"I told you that this case would be
trice' ' on March 12 , and March 12 it
shall be tried. "
It v/as not ten minutes from the
time Dinsmore was taken from me
cell to apply for a continuance until
he v/us returned with a refusal. S. I.
Funk , sheriff of Buffalo county , and
Special Deputy Arnold then took the
prisoner to the train , and he was con
veyed back to Kearney , where he will
be held until today. The case is at
tracting wide attention and many vis-
ifors will be in the city this week for
the sole purpose of hearing the trial
DSnsmore took his refusal for a con
tinuance very dalmly.
Wreck of a Stock Trsln.
BEATRICE , Neb. , March 12. The
special stock train on the Union Pa
cific which left Kansas City for Val-
psraiso , Neb. , met with a serious ac
cident at Rock Cut , seven miles south
east of Beatrice.
Thirteen cars left the track , two
loaded stock cars were overturned and
one lumber car was completely wreck
ed. The tops of the cars had to be
torn off to let the cattle out. Many
cattle were badly injured and several
had to be killed. Four cars are com
plete wrecks on either side of the
track. Rails were broken and bent and
ties for 200 yards were ground into
The accident was caused by a broken
flange on the head stock car , the
wreck occuring In the center of the
tiain. None of the train crew were
hurt. Wrecking crews were sent from
here and Marysville.
Program for the Unveiling.
COLUMBUS'Neb. , March 12. With
favorable weather this city will en
tertain a very large croivd next Thurs
day , that being the date chosen for
the uneviling exercises. The monument
ment recently erected in Frankfort
park to the memory of the soldiers of
the civil war will be formally accepted
by the committee and then officially
turned over by Baker post to the city.
' "An extensive program has been arranged -
ranged and all railroads have made a
reduced rate for the occasion. Department -
ment Commander J. E. Evans , Gov-
rnor Poynter , Adjutant General Barry
and other distinguished visitors will
be here and take part in the exer
cises. Grand Army posts from a num-
her of towns in this part of the state
will be here.
Smallpox Near Decatur.
DECATUR , Neb. , March 12. Dr.
Ross of this city reports a case of
smallpox nine miles northwest of here
on the reservation. The name of the
patient is Gallup. The doctors here
were busy vaccinating many residents
of Decatur.
Will Impeach County Judge.
CULBERTSON , Neb. , March 12.
Articles of impeachment were drawn
to be filed against C. W. Shurtleff ,
county judge. The
complaint con a
sists of about twenty specifications , b
leading with nis neglect to seal the
ballots after the Brown-Crews contest. b
Shade On Goes to Kentucky. F
EWING , Neb. , March 12. Shade On ,
the 6-year-old pacing stallion , with a
record of 2:10 : , and owned by Mr. J. SiOi
N. Kay of Ewing , was shipped to Lou Oi
isville , Ky. , via the American Express Oisi
company , March 8 , at which place he is si
leased for the coming seaso.n. Mr. $
Kay accompanied him.
Will Raise Susrar Beets.
CULBERTSON , Neb. , March 12.
Ed Ewel , representing the American ViS
Beet Sugar company of Grand Island , S
was in the city. The company has OiV
leased land to plant thirty acres of V
sugar beets for itself , while the farm wsi
ers have contracted to plant over 100 sipi
acres. pi
Arrested for Stealing : Coal.
AINSWORTH , Neb. , March 12. Detective t\
tective . Fred M. Hans or the Fremont ,
Elkhorn & Missouri Valley railroad
brought in five more men from Long
Pine for stealing from the railroad
company's wards at Logn Pine. They hi
were brought before Judge C .W. Pot faH
ter and pleaded guilty. Frank Farrer
was fined $5 and costs , John Harris ,
o and costs ; Samuel Oliver , $20 ; A. stE
White , $5 ; Z. Musfelt , $10 and costs.
Don't gpt into the habit-of relating th
troubles to
your your relations.
His Arm Amputated.
NEMAHA , Neb. , March 12. The
right arm of Johnson P. Hoover has m
been amputated on account of a can w
cer. Hoover is a prominent farmer be
and stock raiser. T
To Sue for Shortage.
COLUMBUS , Neb. , March 12. The
county supervisors have instructed U
the county attorney to proceed against seer
the bondsmen of J. W. Lynch , the ex- or
county treasurer , whose original shortage ca
age was $30,000 , but which was re- Di
duced to lS.OOO by Lynch. j co
lULLxo * the Deadly Poison With Wl.Uley
and Dies Slnglnc.
LINWOOD , Neb. , March 10. James
Koutuik , a Bohemian farmer living a
few miles south of this place , commit
ted suicide by drinking the contents
of a bottle of whisky with which he
had previously mixed a quantity of
Koutuick came into town about 10
o'clock in the morning and spent oome
time among the stores settling a num
ber of small bills. His wife came into
town later and urged him to accom
pany her home. This he refused to do ,
and after some words she left him and
went home alone. .
Koutuick then went to the drug
store and purchased a small bottle of
stychnine , saying that he wanted it
to kill rats with. He then bought a
half pint of whisky at the saloon and
went out to a shed near the railroad
track , where he evidently mixed the
two. Returning he met his brother-
in-law in front of the saloon and of
fered him a drink out of the bottle ,
which he refused. He then drained
the bottle , corked it and threw it away.
In a few moments he fell to the side
walk and was carried into the saloon.
He lived about twenty minutes and
was singing as he was dying.
Hot Springs Sanitarium.
OMAHA , Neb. , March 10. Captain
H. E. Palmer , who has been in Wash
ington for the past two weeks as the
representative of the national Grand
Army of the Republic in the interests
oi a national sanitarium at Hot
Springs , S. D. , has returned home for
a few days.
'The bill is now in elegant shape , "
Captain Palmer says. "It has been
unanimously recommended by the
house committee , and will be taken
up by that body in a week or ten
days. There is now every reason to
believe that it will pass the house.
Ps success in the senate is assured be
cause two bills of the same character
have before this passed the senate , and
its members are now only waiting for
the house bill. Pettigrew and all of
the other western senators are pre
paring to take it and make an effort
to push it through the senate on the
same day it passes the house. "
Telephone Hate Case.
LINCOLN , Neb. , March 10 The Yei
ser telephone rate case has been set
for hearing before the State Board of
Transportation at Omaha April 12. As
the action of the district court of Lan
caster county in refusing to restrain
the board from fixing or regulating
these rates has twice been affirmed by
the supreme court it is not probable
that there will be any further delay
in i the hearing unless the telephone
company carries the case into the
federal court. The Yeiser case is similar -
ilar i to the railroad rate cases , which
have been considered by the board during
ing- i the last few weeks and involves
practically the same question of law ,
and as the Board of Transportation
hasj been restrained by Judge Munger
from reducing railroad freight rates
there is a possibility that the telephone
company may apply for a similar in
. .
Disposition of W < kclliis Property. s
NEBRASKA CITY , Neb. , March 10. i
The will of Wilson Wakelin , the farm
er who murdered his wife and then
committed suicide at his home near t
Brock on the night of February 25 , P
was offered for probate in the county b
court here. The will was dated April
28 , 1898 , and was witnessed by Charles
Horn and E. C. Yont of Brock. By its
terms his son , Ira C. Wakelin , and
daughter , Mrs. Clara Huston , were
each given eighty acres of land and
were to share equally in the balance IT
oi the property , after $500 , his bequest S
to . his wife , was paid. tlH
Capital City Notes. tcai
The First State Bank of Heming- ai
Jord , with a capital of $5,000 has filed ir
articles of incorporation with the state
banking board. SI
Captain Hardigan of Fairbury has Jt
been detailed by Adjutant General tlP'
Barry to muster in company C of the P'
First regiment , Nebraska National
guard , at Beatrice.
Negotiations are in progress for the M
sale of the Lincoln Gas company to
eastern capitalists. The price offered tlII
40 cents on the dollar for shares of
stock. The company is capitalized at fc
$1,000,000 : , and bonded for $300,000. fcu
Vote Dorrn the Proposition. tc
GRAND ISLAND , Neb. , March 10. m
he people of this city and county li
voted upon the proposition to levy a
special ] tax of i > mills for the purpose
erecting a court house. Only 500
votes ( out of a total of 1,400 in the city , G
were cast , the country vote coming out d
strong , however , and being against the y
proposition almost unanimously. In di
the city the proposition carried almost gi
two to one , but the vote being small th
the majority was overcome by one = r thm
two townships. m
Burglars Still Knjoy liberty.
YORK , Neb. , March 10. The blood
hounds brought here from Aurora
failed to trace the burglars who robbed
Harry Hopkins' store. The burglars as
broke a window in the rear of the kj
store and stole $25 in money and an , l.
English sovereign over 100 years old [
and a gold watch. The hounds traced
the burglars to the mill pond , near fr
the ice house , and there lost the trail.
Dinsmore Trial Is Set.
LEXINGTON , Neb. , March 10 Dins-
more , the alleged murderer of his ti
wife and Laue at Odessa last Decem Ai
ber , was brought to this city from pc
Kearney , the district court being in thm
session here , in order that his attorneys be
neys might file a motion for a contin th
uance. The motion was filied by his cli
senior counsel , Norris Brown , and at an
once overruled by Judge Sullivan. The the
ase was set for trial next Monday
Diiipraore was returned to the Buffalo ; il
ountv jail , to remain untiJ that time. J. :
The Application of Yeiser of Omaha tuBe
Bo Turned Down ,
A Number of Companies Send In Remit
tances Stuto Treasurer I sucs a Call
far General Fund Warrants Mlncollu *
ncouirXthrnslcii Mutters.
LINCOLN , Neb. . March 8. The sec
retaries of the State Board of Trans
portation recommended dismissal of
the application of John 0. Yeiser of
Omaha asking for an order compelling
the Burlington railroad to place a gate
in the fence between its depot and that
of the Union Pacific in Omaha. The
secretaries-assert that a gate in the
fence between these two depots would
greatly endanger the life of passengers
and other people who might take ad
vantage of the short cut.
Several more payments on the in
surance shortage were made by in
surance companies , bringing the total
received up to date to $3,200. Among
the remittances received yesterday was
one for $58 from the Williamsburg City
and Fire Insurance company of New
York. This company asked the audi
tor to explain why the claims of the
state were not presented to the in
surance companies at the time the
shortage was discovered. Several re
quests for similar information have
been received at the auditor's office ,
most of them coming from companies
that do not understand the complica
tions which led up to the final decision
of the supreme court.
State Treasurer Meserve has issued
a call for general fund warrants , regis
tered from 54,370 to 54,770 inclusive ,
payable March 13. The total amounts
to § 42,000.
IIo Wantrd Railroad Tickets.
PLATTSMOUTH , Neb. , March 8.
George S. Lee , a temporary night oper
ator for the Burlington & Missouri , at
LouisvilleJtlecamped , taking with him
tickets to the value of $550. On the
train from Omaha for Kansas City ,
while en route to Plattsmouth a young
man tried to ride on a ticket good from
Pacific Junction to Kansas City , made
out at Louisville. Conductor Lantz
would not take it. He was suspicious
and at Pla.tsmouth wired the agent at
Louisville , who said the ticket was
stolen. He got an officer and searched
the train , but the bird had flown. He
was seen going southward. Sheriff
Wheeler boarded the Missouri Pacific
afternoon train and caught him getting
on a train'at Union with a ticket for
Auburn. On searching him he found
twenty-four round trip tickets between
important cities in this country and as
far as Toronto. He also had an Adams
Expr ° Ps company money order for $25 ,
payable to C. M. White at Kansas City ,
enclosed with a letter signed by C. B.
Turner to White. He was easily iden
tified , when captured , he broke down ,
cried and confessed.
Hank Building : Burn * .
INDIANOLA , Neb. , March 8. The
State bank building was completely de
stroyed : by fire. The loss of the bank
is fully covered by insurance , and it
will rebuild immediately. The loss
will not interfere with the business of
the ] bank. The fire started in the Re
porter's office in the bank building. The
bank and fixtures are nearly a total
loss. Dr. McKechine's loss is $600 , insurance
surance $200 ; Reporter loss $870 , insurance
surance $500.
Comm'ssloners * Action DIsllIcrd.
CULBERSON. Neb. . March 8. The
impeachment and unseating of W. A.
Stewart , county clerk of this county , by
die Board of County Commissioners of
Hitchcock county have met with a pro
test by a mass meeting of citizens held \v
at Culbertson. About 300 attended the vh
meeting and resolutions were passed t
denouncing the action of the commissioners bi
. biC
sioners and calling upon the district C
judge to imediately call a session of H
the court for the hearing of the im 5ik
peachment. ' kw
Tails Hlr to a Fortune. w
NEBRASKA CITY , Neb. , March 8.- w
Maurice Baumgarten i chived the news '
that by the death of his mother in
Denmark that he had fallen heir to
100,000 crowns. He will leave at once
for the old country to claim his fort hiai
une. : He has been a resident of this aiol
city for years , being a poor man had olfl
labor very hard to make boh ends
meet. This fortune will enable him to w
live very comfortably in his old home.
Kv G "tB T n Vonrs.
SOUTH AUBURN , Neb. , March 8. Y
George Ray. whose trial for the mtir- ar
der of Frank Cheesman came to an end
yesterday , when the defendant with- ol
drew his plea of not guilty and pleade'l 81P
guilty to manslaughter , was sentenced P
this morning by Judge Stull to ten
years in the penitentiary. He was im
mediately takr-n to Lincoln by Sheriff di
Sleninc Indians fni- Buffalo Bill. inn
. CHADRON , Neb. . Mach 8. William m
Liddiard , known all over Ihis region oi
"Rattlesnake Pete , " who is Buffalo CTi
Bill's right hand man in north Nebras CTiN
, is working among the Sioux In- 01
lians filling the Indian delegation to II
accompany Cody's Wild West show to
the Paris exposition. He has consent n ?
from the government and is selecting re
both civilized and blanket Indians. h
Oiraha I'lant Iefi Out
CHICAGO. 111. , Mar'h 8. Incorpora
tion papers for the consolidation of
Armour & Co.'s interests into one cor-
poration are expected to be filed with
secretary of state at
Springfield to
morrow. The plans for this move have he
been under \iay for the last month. All
blanches of Armour will te 5n-
3luded _ in the deal , barring the Omaha de
md Kansas City packing houses and
wheat branch of the company.
The last figures given out by thee
inteiestpd in the consolidation stated
hat the capital of the company ould hi
? 20COO,000 ,
Heiotofore Arid Koglon * Keltic Knpldly
Transformed Into Unrilnn Pnrntant'
Societies In Many IimtuucoA Own the
Irrlgatluc Work * .
( Boise , Idaho , Letter. )
Most of the people who farm In the
rainfall regions suppose that the irri
gation of land is a complicated process
and that the art of doing It can only
be acquired after years of experience ,
whereas , as a matter of fact , It is
about the easiest and most simple
work the western farmer has to do. In
most cases the children attend to it
under the direction of their parents ,
nnd any boy of 10 or 12 can do a man'a
work when it comes to irrigation.
The western farmer is wholly Indif
ferent as to rainfall. He doesn't de
pend upon It In the least. The water
that interests him is that which Hews
down into the valley from the melt
ing snows In the mountain ranges.
These waters he diverts into great
canals which run along the rim of the
valley about the irrigable lands and
are tapped at stated Intervals by what
are called "laterals" or sub-ditchea
which flow from farm to farm and out
of which the farmer takes the water
for his fields. In some cases the waters
of these mountain streams are acquired
by the comm'unlty of farmers along
their course , each one holding as many
shares of stock in the co-operatlvo
canal scheme ns he owns acres of land ,
and being entitled to so many Inches of
water for every acre of his ownership.
This Is the usual plan. But when the
construction of the main canal , owing
to engineering difficulties , is too expen
sive a piece of business for the farmer
to afford , irrigation companies under
take the work and build the canal into
portions of the country where largo
areas of land are to be reclaimed.
These Irrigation companions are "com
mon carriers" of water and furnish It
for a nominal price per acre per an
num to the farmer. Sometimes these
Irrigation companies own largo tracts
under their ditch which they sell in
small farms with the water right , to
settlers , at a nominal prices per acre.
In other instances they do not own
land at all , leaving that to be acquired
by the settler under the various acts
of congres .
Perhaps no portion of the Union is
now n'aking such active progress In
irrigation development , or is receiving
so large a quota of immigrants as
southern Idaho. There an * millions of
unoccupied acres In that state which
only await settlement to become as
productive as the lands upon the Nile.
Efforts arc being put forth by the state
authorities to bring the advantages of
these lands to the notice of the eastern
farmer , and the several railroads of
the state are engaged in the work.
Perhaps the easiest and the best way
to acquire information is from thfl
General Passenger Agent of the Oregon
Short Line at Salt Lake City , from
whence conservatively pi epared pamph
lets descriptive of irrigation meth
ods and containing reliable informa
tion about the various localities now
open for settlement , are being mailed
The time is certainly not far distant
when the unoccupied public domain of
Idaho will be entirely taken up , a con
dition which will be most unfo.tunate
to those who delay taking advantage of
the rare opportunities nc 7 offered.
Household Bookkeeping.
A prominent Eastern manufacturer ,
with a $10,000 a year family on his
hands , undertook to establish a sys
tem of bookkeeeping in his home. He
bought a gilt edged , kid covered ar-
count ( book and all that went with it.
He explained single entry bookkeep
ing to his wife , and she agreed to
keep - the accounts as directed. There
were only two entries in the book
when tlie husband banished it. They
were : "Received $230 from M "
"and spent it all. "
Shoo , Fly !
Street fakers arc selling models of
house flies so natural that , when they
are fastened on a necktie , the impulse
the friend of the man wearing the
fly : is to brush it off. Then the fly
wearer laughs , and that is the joke.
Municipal Bath Houses.
Under a state law the voters of New
York cities may direct the municipal
authorities to erect a public bathhouse.
Buffalo provided one in 1897 at a cost
$14,800. It , was used last year by
81,793 persons , and its running ex
penses cost the city § 2,370.
The Sympathetic Que > n.
Rev. Arthur Robins , chaplain in or
dinary to Queen Victoria , says of the
queen : "Nothing could be more touch
ing than the personal concern her
majesty has in the condition of every
member of her household. Every home
every retainer has something in
evidence of the sovereign's sympathy.
Not the humblest servant can be sick
sorry without her solicitude find
ing some expression of commission
suitable to each individual case , an-l
nany is the time that I have seen thQ
royal lady in her own carriage making
her own inquiries at some humble suf
ferer's door. "
"Uncle .John" Should Have It.
John Campbell , of Warren , O. . a first
cousin of the president and familiarly
referred to as "Uncle John , ' is a candi
date for postmaster at Warren. He is
proprietor of a famous eating
house and is said to bear a remarkablv
ulose resemblance to the president.
His father was a brother of the presi
dent's mother"
Buns His Elevator for Fun.
William B. Bradbury , the millionaire
notel owner of San Francisco , amuses
iimself for an hour or more every day
running the elevator la his hotel.