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About The McCook tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 1886-1936 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 1, 1895)
NO . ANSWER A ET ,
SECRETARY OLNEY'S NOTE TO
: The Venezuelan .Batter Exhaustlvely
. -cneded-Tito Monroe Doctrine So Clearly -
ly Expounded that 'rimero Can Be N'
MIKUnderstunding of lnmerlca's Posl-
tlcn-when the Ppcumcnt Was Alutlcd.
Mr. Olney to 11r. Bull.
Ew Yorit , Oct. 26.-A special to
ti' 'the aierald from Washington says
thic additional' particulars have just
been ascertained concerning the contents -
tents of Secretary Olney's note to
Great Britain on the Venezuelan matter -
ter , It is a communication of about
11,000 words and contains a full review
.of the efforts which the United States
has repeatedly made to secure a set-
tlcmcnt of the long standing dispute
between Grcat Britain and Venezuela.
It describes the history of the Monroe
doctrine , points out the applicability
of this doctrine to the boundary dispute -
pute , and then declares the principle ,
which is the vital part of the note and
the great principle for which the
United States is now contending-
i Bawdy , that no European power shall
, enlarge its territorial dominion on the
American continent by means of force.
From this basis Secretary Olney proceeds -
ceeds to declare that arbitration is
obviously the only just method by
which Great Britain can hope to reach
a settlement of her dispute with Ven-
ezuela. inch arbitration , he says , the
United States is now , fas formerly ,
willing to promote and facilitate. But
he is as emphatic as language permits
jn the declaration that any attempt to
reach a settlement of the contention
by means of force would be regarded
as an act unfriendly to the United
Secretary Olney is careful to point
out in this note that the United States
has no opinion to offer concerning the
merits of Great Britain's dispute with
Vcne.tiela. So far as the United
States knows , either party to the contention -
tention may be in the right But he
reviews the history of the territorial
hthiaunderstanding between Venezuela
on the one side and Great Britain
on the other in order to show
most conclusively that doubts do
exist as to the right of either
disputant ; that Grctt , Britain has
at various times herself admitted the
existence of the doubtarising through
a series of complications , imperfect
deseriptions and indefinite treaties.
He establishes , as it appears , beyond
contravention , that the dispute hs of
that character where no absolute right
nor clearness of title exists with either
party , and that the quarrel is essen-
tiaUy.one of those misunderstandings
betvicen nations which , by innumerable -
' ble international precedents , are properly -
perly to he adjusted by means of ar-
Having thus effectually estopped
any passible plea that tht territory in
question is indisputably English soil
and tiiereforc coining within that rule
that no nation can submit to arbitration -
tion as to title to its own territory ,
Seeretary Olney again declares that ,
through the Monroe doctrine , the
United States has a right to a voice in
the settlement of this matter , and that
Ills voice is raised to urge that the dispute -
pute be settled by arbitration. '
The Secretary takes the ground that
arbitration may confirm Great Brit-
ain's jurisdiction over all the disputed
territory. If this should be the finding -
ing of the tribunal , the United States
would henceforth respect that he-
cisIon''but , he holds , that until Great
hritain's title shall have beep passed
upon by such tribunal , the United
States is and wilt continue to be a
party to the question.
Ten or eleven weeks have now
: i elapsed since this important communication -
cation was placed in the hands of the
British government , and no other re
soonsc has been received than a formal
acknowledgement. The 'officials would
very much like to have a reply before
Congress convenes , but they are by no
t means sanguine that their wishes will
be complied with. In any case , the
probabilities are that the President
will officially make known time contents -
tents of Secretary Olney's note iu his
The Rcsalt of an Old Fond.
NASIIVJLLE , Tenn. , Oct. 2G.-Dib-
brgll Walker of Cookville was shot and
killecl at the Union depot by young
Terr , tlso of Cookville. Some time ale
Terry brother killed Walker's brother -
er in the mountains , and since then
there has been bad blood between the
Train Robber Girder Captured.
GUTnmE , Okla. , Oct. 2G.-Mike Girder -
der , the last one of the Nate Sylva
gang of train robbers , who operated
so succcssfully in this territory for
years , was last night lodged in the
federal jail here , having been captured
inathe Osagc reservation by a posse of
Jabcz S. Bahfour on Trial.
LoxnoN , Oct. 2G.-The trial of Jabez
S. Bulfour , formerly a member of
I parliament , and said to have been the
prune mover in the manipulations
which resulted in disaster to the Liberator -
orator group of companies , and who
was extradited from the Argentine
Itepliblic after much delay , was begun
to-t13 ; in the Queen's Bench division
of the high court of justice.
Corrus CHrIsTl , Texas , Oct. 2G.-Said
Fitzsimmons : 'Corbett has acted a
coward and a sneak in the whole business -
ness , and if I ever meet him I'll tell
bun so to his face. I intend to complete -
plete my four weeks' training at this
place , fight or no fight. "
Ito Discourtesy Intended.
_ , LONDON , Oct 26.-The Chronicle
says : Needless comment has been
made on Ambassador I3ayard's absence
; l from Lord Salisbury's usual Wednes-
, t day reception at the foreign ornee. No
discourtesy was intended. Mr. Bay-
: : isrd.in accordance with the diplomatic
custom , awaits Lord Salisbury's answer -
swer to his dispatch regarding Vepez-
uela , and does not need to personally
attend until the answer is forthcoming -
ing Lord Salisbury will possibly
send an answer today. Perfectly
. , friendly relations exist between the
, . . . . .
- - jyiatwtw-s rnw.w..w z u. ire waaw-
PARIS , TEXAS , SENSATION ,
Roy Mr. Ilardin Ashnuiterl by Editor
0. 11. 1' . Garrett.
rATis , TexaS , Oct. 20.-There was a
lively affray on the streets yesterday
afternoon between I1ev. Mr. Ilardin ,
pastor of the West Paris Baptist
church , and 0. If. 1' . Garrett , city editor -
itor of the Daily News. It had been
reported that Rev. Mr. Ilardin had denounced -
nounced the Catholic churchh and had
said that lie had as soon his family
would associate with the most aban-
loncd and dcgr led women as with
the Sisters of Charity and that these
women were of easy virtue.
Garrett , whose wife is a Catholic
and a most estimable lady ,
approached Hardin and asked
11 Iii if lie had said it , with a view to
publishing it as a news item Ilardin
said he had and reiterated it in the
strongest language he could employ.
Garrett censured Hardin severely ,
when the reverend gentleman became
angry and declared that he was not
afraid of any Catholic , their kin folks
or friends. As he turned away he applied -
plied itn insulting epithet to Garrett ,
who struck him over the head with
his unbrella. A policeman immediately -
ately arrested Garrett , whereupon
hiardin drew his knife and made several -
eral efforts to cut him. Hardin was
then arrested for disturbing the peace
and malting an assault.
Closed Against Americans.
WAshIINGToN , Oct. 2G.-Apparently
the British authorities feel they have
hone as fur as prudence and courtesy
permits in assisting in the education
of our naval constructors , for the
Navy department has been notified
that hereafter no. American naval officers -
ficers will be permitted to take the
course at the Greenwich Royal School
of Naval Architecture , a privilege
which has been enjoyed by them for
many years , with such signal benefit
that they have usually graduated at
or near the head of their classes. The
Glasgow school and that at Paris ,
however , are still open too our young
constructors , and with the opcnm of
the Cornell course on naval architect-
nrc the Navy department feels it can
get along very well.
Ingersoll for Annexation.
Br.ooaIINGTox , I1L , Oct. 2L-Colon s
Robert G. Ingersoll addressed the an
nual reunion of the Soldiers' and Sail.
ohs' Association of McLean county
here yesterday afternoon. In the
course of his remarks he advocated
strongly the annexation of Canada ,
Hawaii and Cuba. The stars and
stripes should wave over all the country -
try from the Gulf of Mexico to the
Arctic ocean. lie also emphatically
favored recognition of the Cubans as
belligerents. ills sentiments were re
ccived with thundering applause.
The Cuttings Reconciled.
. NEW Yoni , Oct. 26.-The Morning
Advertiser says that Robert Livingston
Cutting who married Minnie Selig-
man , the actress , and was disinherited
by his father , has effecteda reconciliation -
tion with his family. 't'he young man
and his wife are traveling in Europe
with his mother anti it is said Minnie
Seligman Cutting has promised to
leave the stage and that Mrs. Cutting
will leave most of her fortune to her
For a Wasliingtoa Exposition.
WASIiINGTON , Oct. 2G.-The sugges
Lion that a great exposition , marking
the close of the present century. be
held in Washington in the summer of
1900 , is meeting with much favor here.
Besides commemorating the close of
the century , such an exposition would
mark the centennial anniversary of
the founding of the scat of govern.
ment in the District of Columbia.
Missouri Editor's In Convention.
WAItr.ENSBURG l1o. , Oct. 26.-About
150 editors are attcnding the Missouri
Press Association meeting at Pertle
Springs. This morning papers were
-cad by IV. L. Robertson of Platts-
burg , F. W. Rauchenstein of Clayton ,
iud John A. Knott of Iiannibal , and
discussion ; were led by ii. F. Clhilders
of Troy , I-ring Gilmerof Liberty and
ii. McRae of Rolla. 1n the after-
000n papers were read by J. A. IIud-
son of Macon , J. T. Bradshaw of Lebanon -
banon , R. W. McMullin of Hillsboro
hid J. G. Gallimore of Salisbury.
Campos' Narrow Escape.
HAVA\A , Oct 26.-Captain Gehierat
diartinez de Campos arrived here
; hortly before noon from Cienfuegos.
In his journey from Ciego de Avila to
Santi Spiritus he was escorted only by
L detachment of 100 cavalrymen and
was attacked by a band of insurgents ,
whom lie routed after a sharp fight
During the engagement his cloak was
pierced by eight bullets and a bulle'
went through his saddlebag.
Fan Bokkelen Pleads Guilty.
CHICAGO , Oct. .6.-Ross C. Van Bolt
elen , ex-teller of the Merchants Loan
Ind Trust company , who was brought
back from Mexico , charged with steal ,
lug $ f0,000 of the company's funds ,
pleaded guilty to-day and was given
in indeterminate sentence. He was
f good family , and had been a society
and club man.
Fine Otter for a College.
ChIcAGo , Oct 2G.-Dr. D. K. Pear
on last night offered to give $150,000
to the Mount llolyokc. Masi. , Female
: olllge , provided the Chicago alumnae
should raise the endowment to $200-
000. The occasion was the annual
meeting of the alumnae.
California's Lieutenant Governor Deaf.
Los ANGELES , Cal. , Oct. 2G.-Lieu-
tenant Governor Spencer Millard died
last night after an illness which had
extended over nine months.
Sir Robert Peel Compromises.
LONDON , Oct. 26Sir Robert Pee
has compromised with his creditors at
50 per cent. Mrs. Langtry , who , it'
was rumored about a month ago , was
contemplating marriage with Sir Robert -
ert as soon as she obtained a divorce
from her husband , was among these
persons to whom he was indebted.
Palmer Will Not Run Again.
CHICAGO , Oct. 26.--A special to the
News from Springfield , IlL , says that
United States Senator John M. Palmer
has authorized the announcement that
he will not be a candidate for re-
j l NL 1 SAM'S STAND.
HIS POSITION REGARDING 'VEN-
It Will bo Firm and Uncompromising--
Our Government Not Seeking a jtmar-
rel With England , but Determined to
Prevent the Extension of European
Dominion on This Hemisphere Under
any Guise-Views of Senator Cullom.
Time Monroe Doctrine.
IVASn1NGTON , Oct. 25.-While it is
absolutely tine that for the first time
in many years work at the navy yard
and gun factories goes on night and
day and that the successive notes on
the Venezuelan affair have brought
that controversy to a stage aherc
England must assent or dissent to the
Monroe doctrine , with hostilities
in the latter event , there is no
basis whatsoever for attribut-
jug to time administration the
purpose to seek a quarrel for the quar-
rel's sake as a domestic political expedient -
pedient and there is not in the exist-
inn' situation the least suggestion of
theatrical display. There is a firm ,
well considered determination to prevent -
vent the extension of European dominion -
minion on this hemisphere under any
guise , though the petty turbulences of
the sub tropic regions tvlll not be regarded -
garded by the United Stales.
Diplomatic circles are growing somewhat -
what skeptical respecting the correctness -
rectness of the Lyndon dispatches
which h announces that the ultimatum
has been sent by Lord Salisbury to
Venezuela. It is shown in the case
in point that , although the arrest of
colonial otiicers at Juuan occurred
in November last , no official cognizance -
zance of the matter was taken by
i Great B.iitain until recently. Under
these circumstances the probability
of an ultimatum being suddenly
sprung is seriously doubted , though it
is not questioned that Lord Salisbury
has sent a communication to the
Caracas government directing their
attention to the arrest of Sergeant
Behrens and asking for an explana-
tion. If time Venezuelan explanation
should not be satisfactory , then , it is
said , Great Britain might , with propriety -
priety , respond with an ultimatum.
Senator Cullom said last night just
before his departure for Illinois :
"There is no question about the sentiment -
timent in Congress being in favor of
the upholding of the Monroe doctrine.
I suppose the doctrine will be de
dared in some more or less formal
manner by Congress , and if the
situation demands that anything
be done to enforce its observance -
ance , Congress , 1 think , can be
relied upon to act promptly. Great
Britain does not seem to care very
much for our opinion or our wishes
and we must maintain our own dignity -
nity and uphold our own rights. It
looks as if most of the foreign powers
had begun to feel that the Gaited
States was getting too powerful to
maintain the old attitude of indiOer-
enec toward the affairs of the world' ,
and as if they saw in our increasing
strength some imagined danger to
themselves. They seem to be bridling
up anti displaying a disposition to
press us bath , forestalling any possible -
ble aggressiveness on our part.
SENATOR HILL SPEAKS.
Makes a Characteris1tle Speech at a L'ig
NEW' Yorm ; , Oct. 25.-Senator Hill
u as the central figure in the great
Democratic mass meeting under the
auspices of the State committeewhicli
was held at Cooper Union last night.
Fred R. Coudert acted as chairman ,
and with a few complimentary remarks -
marks introduced Senator Hill.
The Senator declared that time principles -
ciples of the Democratic party were
so plain and explicit that they do not
need to be avoided. We have dodged
nothing in the campaign and we are
attempting to deceive no one. If we
are right we wantto win , and if we
are wrong w e deserve defeat.
On the tariff bill enacted in 1891 by
the Democratic party he said : "It has
been in operation only a little over
one year. That time- has not been
ample to demonstrate its value ant
usefulness. It is to be regretted that
it has not met the full expectations of
its friends in realizing sufficient revenue -
enue to prevent deficiencies , but this
consolation existsfthat even if there
must be some deficiencies for a brief
period , there has been no unnecessary
extravagant taxation imposed under
its provisions. Sufficient time has not
elapsed to determine accurately
whether its reduction were all wise or
justifiable , but it is believed in the end
it will result in damages. "
VENEZUELA WILL RESIST.
President Crespo Says They Will Oppose
Any English Aggression.
CARACAS , Oct. 25.-President Crespo
was asked to outline the position of
Venezuela in regard to the uemand of
Great Britain that reparation be made
for the arrest of British subjects and
that a settlement of the boundaries
between the countries be arranged.
While the President of the Republic
maintained a certain-degree of diplomatic -
matic reserve , it is said on the highest
authority that . the government , as
well as public opinion , does not expect -
pect any attempt at unjust aggression
on the part of England , and confides
in the Monroe doctrine.
Should , however , such aggression
occur , Venezuela will resent heroic-
ally. The Venezuelan government is
still officially uninformed in regard to
Thirty Thousand Dollars to Find We
Were on a Dead One , " Says Vendig.
HOT SPRINGS , Ark. , Oct 25Dan
Stuart left yesterday for Dallas and
Vendig will leave today. Vendig
said upon hearing of the Supreme
court's decision : "It cost us $30,000 to
find w'e were on a dead one. "
Corbett will probably furnish peace
bonds and start for Chicago via St.
Louis. There is no forfeit in the
Maher-O'Donnell fight , but Smith and
Ryan will be paid $500 apiece.
Val Hoffman , the Chicago brewer ,
offers $5,000 for a private meeting between -
tween Corbett and Fitzsimmons.
. * . ' ' - - . . .
. 1 , . ? .
ALASKA EXCITED ;
England's Claims to time Entrance to the
Yukon Country Objected to.
SEATTr.E , Wash. , Oct. 25-The agj-
tation of the Alaska boundry question
has been taken up by the American
residents of Juneau , and a move
is now being maie to form a
boundary club at that place to keep
the people and the government fully
alive to the danger of losing the invaluable -
valuable Yukon mines.
The situation is given by G. B.
Swineheart , editor of the Alaska Mining -
ing Record , at Juneau , tvlmo is now in
this city. "If England can effect an
entry to the Yulrott country , he said ,
"she will be satisfied , and she hopes to
accomplish that object by securing
Dyca inlet as a port of entry. She
will also try to obtain Annette Island ,
but will waive that and all other considerations -
siderations in order to control the rich
mines of the North. She would undoubtedly -
doubtedly relinquish all claims to the
rest of the territory to gain her end
and , if she succeeds , we might as well
give up any claim on Alaska. "
INDIANS AND CHINAMEN
American Missionary Society Discusses
the Interests of These People.
DETIIOIT , Nicim. , Oct. 25.-The
intellectual and spiritual conditions
of the Indian and Chinaman
were the subjects of earnest
solicitude at the opening session of
the second day of the American Missionary -
sionary Association convention. Secretary -
retary C. J. Rider of New York
dircussed "The Indian Factor in the
Indian Problem. " Rev. Dr. Nehmia
Boynton of liassachusetts , said the
Indian needed law , land , love , liberty
and learning. Roy. Sherrod Soule of
Connecticut , said the condition of the
Association treasury showed something -
thing lacking. It costs $1,000 to edit-
case an Indian and $1,000,600 to kill
one. Professor C. W. . Henderson of Louis-
ana made an address in which he IC
plored the condition of the negro
youths of that state. lie said only a
few schools were provided by the
state , and the blacls grew up in
ignorance and sin.
Senator hoar Re-elected President-Deep
Sympathy Expressed for Armenia.
WASHINGTON , Oet. 25.-At to-day's
session of the national conference of
the Unitarian church the following
resolution , offered by the Rev. S. J.
Barrows of Boston , was adopted :
' 'Resolved , That this conference extend -
tend its deep sympathy to the
suffering people of Armenia , whose
loyalty to their Christian faith
has brought upon them anew the
terrible rigors of persecution from
which they have suffered for
centuries. In the name of humanity
we protest 'against the outrages
committed under the Turkish misrule.
\Ve recognize the responsibility f the
treaty powers to secure governmental
reform , the better administration of
justice jn the courts and the enjoyment -
ment of perfect liberty of conscience.
We look with expectation and confidence -
dence to time results of time determined
action of the English government in
this direction. ' '
The annual election of officers resulted -
sulted in time re-election of Gnited
States Senator hoar of : lassaelnmetts ,
as President ; the Rev. W , D lloore-
house of Nett' York , as General , Seemc-
tary , and William Howell Recd of
Boston. as Treasurer.
Arrested for Causing a Wreck.
MEXICO , Mo. , Oct. 23.-L. E. Julian ,
conductor of the fast freight train
which -caused time fatal wreck
at Martinsburg Tuesday night , was
arrested and brought here today.
The warrant was sworn out
by Wabash officials , ( rho charge hint
with criminal negligence in failing to
see the red lights on the train standing -
ing at the Martinsburg depot and stopping -
ping Iris train in time to prevent the
collision and the death of two men.
Julian will give bond for $ ,00 for hip
appearance next Wednesday.
aged Love Not Serene.
WASECA , Minn. . Oct. 2-C. G. Jen
flings , age(1 SS , and Mrs. Freda Eng-
ling , aged 7G , both of New Richland ,
were maried , yesterday. The match
was oppfiSecl by Jennings' children ,
especially as his first wife imad been
dead but four months. In his settlement -
ment with his children , before the
marriage , it developed that he was
worth over $10.000 , mostly in notes ,
while the assessor's books showed his
personal property to be valued at but
$200. The grand jury investigated
and indicted Itim.
Ex-Caslmier Fsrur Must Go to Jail.
PElmr , Okla. , Oct. 25.-Fred W.
Farrar , ex-cashier of the defunct
First State Lank , was taken before
Justice Cone this morning and lave
$ : ,000 bonds , but was immediately
rearrested and taken before Justice -
tice Walker and a $ ; 500 bond demanded -
ed , vliich he has not t riven and is not
likely to give. He has been guarded
by officers for ten days. People who
lost in the failure of the bank declare
that he shall go to prison.
Mrs. Parnell Sold Out.
BOBDENTnwx , N. J. , Oct. 25.-The
cry of tlhe auctioneer has been heard
throughout Ironsides , the home of
Mrs. Delia S. Parnell , and the house
which tt as the birthplace of the mother -
er of Charles Stewart Parnell. and
which has been her residence for many
years , is practically dismantled. Some
of the relics went at ridiculously low
prices. Tile total receipts of the sale
will scarcely reach $ .i00.
Internal Revenue Receipts Smalm.
WASIuNGTON. Oct. 25. - The statement -
ment prepared at time internal revenue
bureau of the collections of internal
revenue during the first three months
of the present fiscal year show the
total to have been $37,4,1S , as
against $ S,045IOS for the same period
last year. The amounts from the several -
eral sources of revenue are given as
follows : Spirits , $1SS52,0. S , decrease
from the same period last year. S2I-
.302,364 ; tobacco , S3.0/5,545 , increase ,
$4GOG0'J fermented liquorsS10,3S9,100 ,
increase $792 , 630 ; oleomargarine , $338-
334 , decrease $137,504 ; miscellaneous ,
SS9,470 , decrease $113,992.
FOR B AND &Z
SOh1E 000D SKETCHES FOR
OUR YOUNG AMERICA.
Story of n hungry Bear-Enforced
Temperance for Ca ptnlns-The Snmatleet
Coln In time W'orltl-Money at Different
Perlods-An India Itubber Worn.
° J M I'
N Poland once a
Growled ' Bees ,
i , give me your
honey there !
You are so weak
and I so strong.
You cannot keep it
from me long. "
' ' little
And 'ere the
bees could think
The bear was on them in a wink ,
Climbing the tree with grumbling
While the bees came buzzing round.
But when he did the sweets tIeniancl
They paid no heed to his command ;
So putting in his nose he cried
To those within , "Just step aside ! "
Instead they stung juim , one and all.
"If you are large and we are small ,
You shall at ! east well punished be ,
If from our store you do not flee. "
Time bear got nad-no help it brings ;
He growls and roars , so shirp ; their
Oh , how they smart , nose , tongue and
He must retreat , 'tis very clear.
The bees exulted-hum , luau. hunt !
. The bear groaned fiercely--bruin , brum ,
And as lie fle could hear them say :
"If you don't like it , keep away ! "
W. 'V. Caldwell.
Total .tb + tiimenre roe ( 'aptmin5.
One of the "signs of the times" is the
recognition by business firms of the injurious -
jurious effect of liquor drinking by
their employes upon their business.
That this is true in other lands as well
as America is shown by an instance
recorded by time London Christian :
Four years ago , Messrs. Carlisle &
Co. , ship owners , sent a circular letter
to their captains , stating that they were
convinced that the majority of serious
accidents on their steamers were due
to intemperance , and , in view of the .
danger to life and property involved ,
they stipulated that their captains
should forthwith become total abstain-
ers. Substantial bonuses were offered
to captains who kept their ships free
from accidents , and it was agreed that
a breach of the pledge should entail forfeiture -
feiture of bonus. One of the captains ,
John Harrison , who took the needful
pledge , was afterwards clischarb tl for
drinking whisky. His bonus and deposit -
posit being withheld , lie entered an action -
tion in the Queen's Bench Division ,
pleading that he had acted tinder medical -
ical advice. As he admitted that he received -
ceived the medical advice before assuming -
suming the obligation of the pledge.
his case broke down , and judgment was
given for the shipping company.
Smlleat Cein in the 'World.
j\rhich is at the same time the smallest -
est coin and the coin of least value at
present current in Europe ? in the ab-
seice of a knowledge of any smaller
and more worthless , I should be in-
cijned , writes a correspondent , to award
the palm to the Greek lepton , a specimen -
men of which has recently come into
my hands. The lepton is , according to
the decimal monetary system current
in countries belonging to the Latin
union , the hundredth part of the
drachma. Now , the Greek drachma is ,
while nominally the equivalent of the i
franc or the lira , at present worth less
than six pence , the rate of exchange
about a fortnight ago being 42.60
drachmas to an English sovereign. The
lepton is , therefore , approximately
worth about one-fifth of an English
: honey of Other Day ? .
In the early colonial times of 1752
tobacco and tobacco receipts were legal
tender , corn and beaus and codfish also
The small , hard shell known as the
cowrie is still used in India , the Indian
islands and Africa , in the place of
In 1652 , during the early colonial
times of America , musket balls passed
for change at a farthing apiece , and
were a legal tender for sums under a
Wampum was the commonest currency -
rency of them all. It was the shell bead
money of the Indians , and was soon accepted -
cepted by the colonists as a convenient
The strangest coin of all. though ,
was the ideal money spoken of by Mon-
tesquielu as being found in certain parts
of Africa. It is an ideal money called
"maconte , " but is purely a sign of value
without a unit.-Sel.
An India Rubber Worm.
According to a Troy fisherman , the
latest triumph of yankee inventive
genius is an India rubber fishworm. It
is said to be a remarkably good imitation -
tion of the common earthworm , is indestructible -
destructible , and in actual use proves
as alluring to the fishes as the genuine
article. The old fisherman will be
quick to see its advantages. One can
equip himself for a day's sport without
digging over a whole garden in his
search for bait. A handful of Ind a
rubber worms will last him through
the season , and there will be no necessity -
sity for pulling up the line every few
minutes to see if the small-fry nibblers
have left the hook bare. It is possibly
hardly necessary to add here that the
fisherman who tells of this invention
"aM - . -
_ _ _ _ _
may ho like some other fishermen , in
which case the reader need not believe
the story unless he wants to. I
Gnrste at a lintel-
"It may surprise you , " said an old
hotel clerk , "but we Can tell a man not
used to stopping at hotels at the first
glance. His unfamiliarity with them
way to resister , with the way to ask
for his letters telegrams or how to
give up his key to his room gives him
away Immediately. Now , today a mid-
( lie-aged man who is stopping at this
hotel came up to me anti asltetl lie if
r would keep the key of hls room for a
little while. That was the one sure way j
of telling that he had probably not m
been in hail a dozen hotels in liis life.
Then we can always tell' the minute ; ,
a man comes up to ask for his mail
whether he La a hotel liver or not. The
comnlerelal traveler , before his nanme g
is written down in the register , 'VIII
ask to see the letters in the box bearing
his initial. I-Ie will grab up the tele-
grains and pore over them as if he were
going to catch a train that left in ten
minutcs. Then he will take up lils
armful of umbrellas and canes and ' '
throw then at the bell-boy and tell him
to take them to his room. The man " '
unacquainted with hotel ife ! will do I
exactly the oppcste. ! Ile is usually as
bashful as a school girl with stage l
fright. lie ( lOC n't know how to do any-
The' lnrhautt'l l'unpiln. }
When your little brother or sister has i.
a birthday party and you want a dowel-
ty as a centerpiece for the tea tame , '
try the "Enchanted Pumpkin" and see j
what fun it will make for the guests.
It ought to be a ptlze punhpltin and a 'i
big one. Scoop out all the Inside ; that
will do well enough to make pies out offer
for grown-up people on days that are
not birthdays. Then stuff it full of l"
tops tied up In mysterious-iookin ;
'ro each package tie a bright ribbon ,
letting the loose ends fall out over the
sides of the pumpkin. Then carefully
replace the cap , or stem part , which
3.011 cut off , so that It will look as if ! t
were still whole , and place it on your
tea table. Surrounded by ferns and '
ceiored autumn leaves , and decorated
with the drooping ends of the ribbon's ,
it will make a very pretty centerpiece.
When the feast is over , set the children -
dren to guessing how many sheds are
in the punipkin.When all have guessed ,
tell each to take hold of one of the ribbons -
bens , and when you say "Three''they
must pull on the ribbon and in that way'
they will find out how many seeds are
in time pumpkin.
Of course , eac1 little guest secures a
A Iinury Shark.
Time crew of the tug Pennwood , which
arrived at Baltimore , reported that they
were pursued by a man-eating shark a
few days ago twenty miles south of
The shark. which was about eight
feet long , had followed the tug for some
hours. when a hook baited with meat
was thrown to it. No temlitation could
get it to take the hook. Then the man-
eater began to grow bold and approached -
preached within a few feet of the side
of the tug , until it finally grew auda-
cfaus enough to slide along the steel
side of the vessel.
Chief Engineer Goldsborough , who i
had seen some shark-fighting in the t
Carribean sea , undertook to spear time
fish. He used a sharp boathook , with
which he pierced its head. Several
times the shark caught the hook , but
could not wrench it from Mr. Golds-
borough's grasp. After the shark had
been considerably maimed it withdrew ,
leaving a trail of blood in the water.
Mr. Godsbor ! ough says he never saw
a shark so desperate in its endeavors to
make a meal on human flesh.
'rue kditcr'a 1':145 ,
Many incidentshumcrous amid pathet-
jc , come to the desk of the busy railroad
man , says the Cincinnati Commercial.
Advertising Agent Lowes , of the Big
Four , received one in Saturday's mail
that is singularly pathetic in its way.
The letter was written by General
Agent E. E. South at Chicago , and he
inclosed an editorial mileage bock on
the Big Four lines that had' been sent
one George Washington , Esq. , editorof
the Afro-American at Terre Haute , i
Ind. He wrote that the old gentleman
had died a few days before , and , is , i
commenting thereon , said : "In , the ; ,
meantime lie has gone to join his fins- !
trious namesake in the land beyond the
skies , where there is no smoke , no tunnel -
nel , it is to be hoped-consequently
he can't use his pass , and his paper
died with him. " Agent Lowes remarked
that the road had sent the old colored
gentleman an editorial book every year
for many years , an annual event which
the old fellow always celebrated in person -
son , visiting all the offices and officers ,
withdrawing with a profound bow and
"Dress you , honey. "
Little Wiilie tivenvay.
Maud ( who has just been kissed by
George under a piece of mistietoewhjch
he has discovered hanging in the haIl-
Oh. George , you wicked wretch , to take
advantage of me like that. I wish I
knew who hung it there. I'd-I'd pay
them out , that's all !
George ( to little brother later on in
the evening-Willie ) , I am going to take
Maud away from you soon ; will you
Willie-Not in the least , Mr. Popnr ;
xis and I are not friends now.
George-How is that ?
Willie ( heedless of Maude's killing
glances-Oh ) , she boxed my ears for
tipping her off the chair when she was
nailing uD that mistletoe in the hall.
The population of London , taking the
city at its greatest extent , amounte' ;
iii 1394 to 4,76G.j 1 ,
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