The McCook tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 1886-1936, August 12, 1886, Image 3
A POLITICAL LEADER DEAD. Samuel tT. Tilden Unexpectedly Passes Aicay at Ills Greystonc Home. NEW YORK , August 4. Hon. Samuel J. Tilden died peacefully atGreystone at 8:45 : o'clock this morning. Therewere present with him Drs. Simonds and Swift and his niece , Miss Gould. His death was entirely unexpected and was caused by the failure ot the heart , following an acute attack of diarrhoea and nausea. As soon as the news was received In New York the flags of public jl buildings and newspapers weredisplayedat half-mast , and expressions of regret wero hoard from all quarters at tho death of the eminent statesman. He had not been feel ing well for several days. The news spread very rapidly. The news paper offices bulletined it early , and so it was soon'scattered broadcast. Expres sions of sorrow were heard on all sides and from all parties of political faith at the loss the country has sustained. Though it was known Tilden had been in bad v- health for some time past , his death was not being looked for. Coining so suddenly it was quite a shock to the community. Business men of this city lost no time in paying tribute to the statesman's memorv by displaying flags at half mast. Every building of prominence down town had its flags lowered. Flags were also displayed at half mast on all public buildings. There were no unusual scenes at Tilden's hand- eoine residence in Gramercy park to-day , and ns yet no evidences of the death of its owner are displayed on the building. The curtains and windows remain just as they have been since Tilden left for his mansion. Governor Hill issued the following proc lamation : I announce tothepeople of tho state with sincere regret the death of Samuel J. Til den. After a long and active career devo ted to the public good and the rendition of arduous and conspicuous services in behalf of the people , he this morning peacefully passed an-ny at his chosen retreat at Grey- stone , on the banks of the Hudson. The country loses one of its ablest statesmen and the state of New York one of her fore most citizens. He was twice representative in the state legislature , a member of two constitutional conventions , governor of the state two years , and in 1876 was can didate of one of the greatest parties of the country , and received therefor the electoral vole of his native state and upon a popu lar vote was declared the choice of a ma jority of the voters of the United States. As a private citizen and in every public station , he was pure and upright and dis charged every trust with conspicuous fidel ity. His last public utterance which at tracted public attention exhibited thosnme spirit of unselfish patriotism which chara - terized his whole career , and was in behalf of strengthening the defense of the country he loved so well. It is meet that the close of such a life should be marked with more than a passing notice. The legislature be ing in bession at the time , 1 commend to the people of the state such expression ol respect for his long , faithful and honorable services as they deem appropriate. Now , therefore , it is directed as a mark of regard for the distinguished dead that the flags upon the capitol and all public buildings of the state , including armories and arsenals of the national guard , be dis played ntlmlf mast until and including the day of the funeral , and the citizens of the state for a like period are requested to unite in appropriate tokens of respect. WASHINGTON , D. C. , August 4. The news of the death of Mr. T/lden was received in this city soon after 9 o'clock this uiorning and spread rapidly over tho city. ' As the announcement of the death had not been preceded by any news of his serious illness it created general surprise. The president heard of the death about half-past nine and at once sent the following telegram of sympathy to Mr. Tilden's nephew : EXECUTIVE MANSION , August 4. To Col. Samuel J. Tilden , Yorkers , N. Y. : I have this moment learned of the sudden death of your illustrious relative , Samuel J. Til den , and hasten to express my individual sorrow in an event by which the state of New York has lost her most distinguished son and-the nation one of its wisest and most patriotic counsellors. G ROVER CLEVELAND. Most of the cabinet officers called at the executive mansion this afternoon to see the president in relation to matters connected with their respective departments , and the death of Mr. Tilden was a subject of gen eral conversation between the president and his advisors. They all expressed re gret and sorrow at the sudden removal of a man whom they all regarded as the great leader of the democratic party. At tbe capitol democratic senators and represen tatives expressed the highest regard for Mr. Tilden and accorded him an exalted place in history. Among republicans there was no disposition to criticise the dead states man , and they snoko of him as a leader of integrity and ability and a good citizen. ,1 BIOGRAPHICAL. Samuel J. Tilden was born at New Le banon , in the state of New York , in 1814. He is descended from an old and highly honorable family , the remotest member of whom he has any positive knowledge being one Nathaniel Tilden , who was mayor ol Tenterden , Kent , England , in 1623. This ! ) gentleman removed with his family to America in 1(534 ( , and settled at Scituate , Mass. Mr. Tilden's father was a thrifty merchant of New Lebanon , who , on ac count of his integrity and good sense , espe cially on political matters , was admitted to terms of intimacy with Martin Van Bu- ren. His mother was descended from Wil liam Jones , lieutenant governor ot the col ony of New Haven , and reputed to be ason of Colonel John Jones , one of the regicide judges of Charles L , whose wife was a sister of Oliver Cromwell. In his eighteenth year Mr. Tilden entered Yale college , where he pursued his studies with such indefatigable zeal that his health gave way , and he was compelled to drop out of the course. As soon as he had sufficiently recovered he resumed his studies at the University of New York , where he was graduated in 1834. He was then a young man of only twenty years. He subsequently read law , and while a student in the office of John W. Edmunds in New York wrote several articles on the political situation. One of these was in defense of President Van Buren's policy. It caused considerable discussion in the newspaper world , especially so as the presi dent was conjectured to have written it. As soon as he had been admitted to the bar Mr. Tiiden opened an office of his own in Pine street in New York city. Although embarked in professional life of a kind which called for the most arduous applica tion , lie did not lose his interest in politics. He continued to express his opinions through the press , and occasionally spoke at political meetings. As soon as the presidential campaign of 1844 , in which James K. Polk was a candidate , had fairly opened. Mr. Tilden founded the New York Daily News , in connection with John O'Sul- livan. The following year he was sent to the assembly from the city of New York , and elected ns a delegate to the convention which was to revise the constitution of the state. Tbe estrangement between the friends of Mr. Polk and Mr. Van Buren in consequence of the elections of.84G caused Mr. Tilden to retire from politics and continue his attention to the law. This- without which his TV as a fortunate move , subsequent success and fame ns a lawyer conld never have been achieved. He imme diately began a series of triumphs actheba which gave him great reputation. Among the moro notable cases in which he was suc cessful may be mentioned that of F.'agg vs. Giles ; Burdell vs. Cunningham , a famous will case , and that of the Pennsylvania Coal company vs. the Delaware & Hudson i , J Coal company. It is no exaggeration to say that from 1845 up to time he retired from professional life , one-half tho great railway corporations north of the Ohio and between the Hudson and Mississippi had been his clients. For some time pre ceding tho war ho was tho confidential ad viser of Dean Richmond , tho leader .of the democratic party in tho state of New York. He was elected governor of New York in 1874 , and was nominated to the presi dency in 1876. The result of the election being disputed led to tho appointment of the electoral commission , under whose de cision tho republican candidate was peace fully inaugurated. Since that time Mr. Tilden has lived in retirement , with the exception of an occa sional appearance in public. KOW FOR THE OTHER SIDE. The Prosecution In tho Case of lluf Anarchist * Through With Testimony. In the trial of the anarchists at Chicago , on the morning ot the 31st , the court room was crowded as usual. The first part , ol the session was taken up in the reading of articles in the Arbeiter-Zeitung , which ap peared before the massacre , urging working- men to arm themselves and advocating tho use of dynamite. _ The issue of April 2 re ferred to tho street car strikes in New York and Brooklyn , in which it was stated that the month of May mightbring about many things undreamed of that day , and the workingmen wero called to buy arms as the 1st of May was coining. April 27said that police and soldiers must be met with armies of workingmen , and whoever of these had not money to buy arms * wero called upon to sell their watches and chains and buy them. The issue of April 30 spoke of the secret orders the police had received for the trouble expected pn the following Satur day. May 1 called on comrades to destroy all rolls of membership and minute books , and to clean their breech-loaders and arm themselves. There was lots of other matter of this kind read , after which Detective Bonfield was recalled. He had searched the Ar- beiter Zeitung office and found a number ot banners. These banners werebrought into court and placed in evidence. Most ol them were red. The mottoes wero peculiar and tho witness read them off. When called upon the witness testified that ho found the banners in the Arbelter Zeitung building in the small room that was used as a library. The prosecution then rested. Captain Black and the other attorneys for the defense said they would like the court to instruct the jury to bring in a ver dict of not guilty in regard to Oscar Neebe. There was no case against Neebe , and.noth- ing in the evidence to show that he'tvas in anyway connected with tho massacre on Hay market square May 4. The judge , after listening to the counsel for some time , said he was not inclined to interfere in the case at all. Mr. Solomon then made the opening statement for the defense. He presented his case in a clear and concise form. He claimed that the defendants were not on trial for being socialists or anarchists. They simply belonged to an organization which was opposed to tho existing laws of society. They ere charged with the mur der of Officer Dugan , but the throwing of the bomb was not contemplated by them and they could not be held liable as con spirators. On this principle it might bo held that they were accessories to the man who threw the bomb. If this principle could not be proven they could not bo held as accessories. Mr. Solomon said they ex pected to prove that FiMden fired no shots and never owned a pif to' , that Neebe was was in no way concerned , that Spies did not fire the fuse , that Gil- mar lied , and that Lingg was at home on the night of May 4. They also proposed , he said , to show that Engel was at home on that night , and that none ol the defendants knew anything about bomb throwing. The meeting at Haymarket square was a peaceable one and was held under the right of American citizens to dis cuss topics of the day. The police went there with an express purpose of killing some of those men. The defense expects .to show that the bomb thrower was a crank and was not acting under the advice of the defendants. A CI1ADROX CltlSIIffAL KILLED. Smith , the Slayer of Jlamlln , Assassinated in Arizona. Chadron ( Neb. ) special to the Omaha Bee : Information has been received here that John H. Smith , alias John H. Morrell , was shot and killed a few days ago near the Planchas dePlata mine , in Sonora , eighteen miles southwest of Nogales , Arizona , by George Miles , alias Bailey. Smith was un der indictment at Valentine , together with several other men , for the killing of Hamil ton a stock inspector , in 1883. Smith , who was the ringleader , and the other parties , with one exception , all fled the country im mediately upon learning of the indictment About the 8th of July last , Smith , who had been traced to Arizona , was arrested at Nogales , but soon escaped from his guards , tbe information being received in Omaha just as the sheriff from Valentine reached there with the intention of proceeding to Arizona and bringing him back for trial. John Pierce and young Danielson , of Chad ron , indicted with Smith , are still at large. Carter , who was sheriff at Valentine , and who was also indicted , is still at Valentine , and who was also indicted , is still at Valen tine , it being understood that the indict ment against him is to be nolled at the proper time. Smith carried on the trade of tobaccon ist at Nogales under the assumed name ol Morrell. After his escape from his guards in the hotel , where he had been placed un der arrest , to await tho coming of the Val entine sheriff , he crossed the line into So nora. M51est , the man who killed him , says he was going to look at some mines and 'stopped at a cabin , when he met fnce to face with Morrell , who had said he would kill him on sight , and the shooting began. Smith in his ante-mortem statementsaid that Miles came to the cabin while he was taking a siesta and commenced shooting at him. Miles was unhurt , but the horse he rode was shot in the jaw. The body ol Smith was brought into the Mexican side of the city and an inquiry hem. The Mexi can authorities held Miles for murder. The body of Smith nlterthe inquest was turned over to his American friends and buried. A FEARFUL DEATH RECORD. Pittsburg ( Pa. ) dispatch : A private tele gram from West Elizabeth announced tho development of new cases of typhoid fever within the past twenty-four hours , three of the new cases being considered fatal. Two physicians are reported ill from over exer tion. " In this city the rapid spread of the epidemic , especially in the part lying south ofthe Monongahela river , is the occasion of increasing alarm. The health depart ment is doing all it can in abating every possible case heard of. Many unsatisfac tory reasons have been suggested as to the causes of the affliction which is peculiar in the intense suffering of those taken with it. There have been twenty-two deaths from various cases reported at the health office to-day , much larger than known for some years past , in the Twenty-fifth ward , and a total of 150 cases in the Twenty-fourth to the Thirtieth ward inclusive , all of which are on the south side . PRESIDENT'S SIGNATURE AFFIXED. Accompanied With Reasons Why He Signs the Measure. President Cleveland has approved the oleomargarine bill and sent the following message to the house notifying that body of his action , but suggesting some amend ments to the measure : To tyie House of Eeprcsentatives I have this day approved a bill originating in the house of representatives entitled "An act defining butter , also imposing a tax upon and regulating the manufacture for sale , importation and exportation of oleomar garine. " This legislation has awakened much interest among the people of the country and earnest argument has been addressed to the executive for the purpose of influencing his action thereupon. Many in opposition have urged its dangerous character .as tending to break down the boundaries between the proper exercise of legislative power by federal and state au thority. Many in favor of the enactment have represented that it promised great advantages to a large portion of our popu lation who sadly need relief , and those on both sides of the question whose advocacy or opposition is based upon no broader foundation than local or personal interest have outnumbered all others. This upon its face and in its main features is a revenue bill and was first introduced in the house of representatives wherein the con stitution declares that all bills for raising revenue shall originate. The constitution has invested congress with a very wide leg islative discretion both as to the necessity of taxation and selection of the objects of its burdens , and though if the question was presented to me as an original proposition I might doubt the present need of increased taxation , I deem it my duty in this in stance to defer to the judgmentiof the legis lative branch of the government which has been so emphatically announced in both houses of congress in favor of the passage of this bill. Moreover those who desire to see removed the weight of taxation now pressing upon the people from other direc tions may well be justified in the hope and expectation that tne selection of an addi tional subject of internal taxation so well able to bear it , will in consistency be fol lowed by legislation relieving our citizens from other revenue burdens rendered by the passage of this b.ill even more than heretofore unnecessary and needlessly op pressive. It lias been urged as an objection to this measure that while purporting to be legislation for revenue its real purpose is to destroy by nil the use of the taxing power one industry of our people for the protection and benefit of another. If enti tled to indulge in such a suspicion as a basis of official action in this case , and if entirely satisfied that the consequences in dicated would ensue , I should doubtless feel constrained to impose executive dis sent , but I do not feel called upon to inter pret the motives of congress other wise than by the apparent charac ter of the bill which has" been presented to me , and I am convinced that the taxes which it creates cannot pos sibly destroy the open and legitimate man ufacture and sale of the thing upon which it is levied if this article has the merit which its friends claim for it , and if tho people of the land with full knowledge of its real character desire to purchase and use it , the taxes enacted by this bill will per mit a fair profit to both manufacturer and dealer. If the existence of tho commodity taxed and the profits of its manufacture and sale depend upon disposing of it to the people for something else which it deceit fully imitates , the entire enterprise is a fraud and not an industry , and if it can not endure the exhibition of its real char acter , which will be effected by the inspec tion , supervision and stamping which this bill directs , the sooner it is destroyed the better in the interest of fair dealing. Such a result would not furnish the first instance in the history of legislation in which a rev enue produced a benefit which was merely incidental to its purpose. There is certain ly no industry better entitled to the inci dental advantages which may follow this legislation than our farming and dairy in terests , and to none of our people should they be less begrudged than our farmers and dairymen. The present depression of their occupations , the hard , steady and often unremunerative toil which such occu pations exact , and the burdens of taxation which our agicnlturists necessarily bear , en title them to every legitimate considera tion. Nor should there be opposition to the incidental effect of this legislation on the part of those who profess to be engaged honestly and fairly in the manufacture and sale of a wholesome and valuable article of food which , by its provisions , may be subject to taxation. As long as their business is carried on un der cover and by faise pretenses , such men have bad companions in those whose man ufactures , however vile and harmful , take their place without challenge with the bet ter sort in a common crusade of deceit against the public. But if this occupation and its methods are forced into the light and ah these manufactures must either stand upon their merits or fall , the good and bad must soon part company and the fittest only will survive. Not the least im portant incident related to this legislation is the defense afforded to the consumer against the fraudulent substitution and sale of an imitation for a genuine article of food of very general household use. Not withstanding the immense quantity of the article described in this bill which is sold to the people for their consumption as food , and notwithstanding the claim made that its manufacture supplies a cheap substitute tor butter , I venture to say that hardly a pound ever entered a poor man's house under its real name and in its true characl ter. While there should benogovernmenla- regulation of what the citizen shall eat , it is certainly not a cause of regret if by legis lation of this character he is afforded a means which ho may better protect him self against an imposition in meeting the needs and wants of his daily life. Having entered upon this legislation it is manifestly a. duty to render it as effective as possible in the accomplishment of all the good which should necessarily follow in its train. This leads to the suggestion that the article proposed to be taxed and the circumstances which subject it thereto should be clearly and with great distinctness defined in the statement. It seems to me that this object hasnotbeen wholly attained in the phrase ology of the second section of the bill , and that a question may well arise as to the precise condition the article to be taxed must assume ? in order to be regarded as made in imitation or semblance of butter , or when so made , calculated or intended to be sold as butter , or for butter. The fourteenth and fifteenth sections of the bill in my opinion are in danger of being con strued as an interference with the police powers of the states. Not being entirely satisfied of the constitutionality of these provisions , and regarding them as not be ing so connected and interwoven with other sections as if found invalid to vitiate the entire measure , I have determined to commend them to the attention of the house with a view to an immediate amend ment of the bill if it should be deemed nec essary , and if it ia practicable at this late day in the session of congress. The fact , too , that the bill does not take effect by its terms until ninety days have elapsed after its approval , thus leaving it but one month in operation before the next session of congress , when , if time does not now per mit , the safety and efficiency of the meas ure may be abundantly protected by remedial legislative action , and the desire to see realized the beneficial results which it is expected will immediately follow the inauguration of this legislation , have had their influence in determining my official action. Tho considerations which have been referivU to will , I hope , justify this communication and the suggestions which it contains. GHOVEU CLEVELAND. Executive Mansion , Aug. 2 , 1886. SHOT DEAD IA' THE DARIC. " Sioux City the Scene of a Cotcardly Assas sination. A cola blooded and cowardly assassination occurred In Sioux City on the night of Aug. 3d , Rev. Gco. C. Haddock being the victim. About nine o'clock Mr. Haddock , accompan ied by Rev. C. C. Turner pastor of the Wii.t field M. E. church , called at Merrill's liven stable , on Water street , and got a horse an 1 bugsy for the purpose of driving to Green ville , just across tbe Floyd , cast of tbe city They were absent about an hour. At 10 o'clock Mr. Haddock returned to the stable with tin * horse and buggy , being alone at tbat time After delivering the animal to the hostler , Tom Jarvis , Mr. Haddock started to go out of the stable , but noticing several men standing on the sidewalk opposite , he turned and asked Jarvis if "anybody was lay ing for him , " laughing pleasantly as he asked the question. Jarvis replied that he knew of no one who bad any such Intention. At this Mr. Haddock started , but over the crossing of "Water street , on the south side of Fourth , a shot was heard and be dropped his cane , ami , staggering foward in a direction slightly south of east , fell on the walk as above stated. Jack Ryan , Superintendent of Markets , was In the door of Dan O'Connell's'saloon when the shot was fired and saw Haddock , who was between himself and the gaslight at the Columbia house corner , stagger toward the sidewalk. He at once went to him and al though the wounded man breathed at least five minute * after he fell he did not attempt to speak. Ryan got some water and washed the blood from his face and was there when the crowd began to collect. After the shooting Officer Henry Jlcitfelt picked up a murderous looking billey in the street near-where the shooting occurel. It is made of the wheel of a pulley , such as are used In heavy barn doors , to which Is at tached a stiff rope handle. There is no evi dence that this weapon was used , as the shot did its work effectively and well. From all appearance , the case Is one of pre meditated murder , and the circumstances go to show that the parties were aware of the trip taken by Mr. Haddock and armed and sta tioned themselves in convenient positions to attack him on his return. An overflowing public meeting was held in Sioux City to take action with refer ence to the murder of Mr. Haddock , speeches were made'by S. Lothrop. A. L. Hudson , E. P. Hubbard , Geo. D. Perkins , John Brennan and others. The following resolutions fully setting forth the spirit and purpose of the meeting were adopted : WHEREAS , The circumstances surrounding the murder of Rev. Geo. C. Haddock are of such a public nature and interest as to demand an expression of the public concerning it ; therefore oltesoh'cd , That we will leave no measure un tried to secure the apprehension and punish ment of the perpetrators of this crime , and to this end ask that a copy of these resolutions be forwarded by the secretary of this meeting to the Governor with a request that he offer as lance a reward as the law will allow for the ar rest of the offender ; also that a committee of five be appointed by the chairman of this meet- Ins to solicit subscriptions for a citizens' re ward , to be offt-red for the same purpose. Resolved , That while we do not lay to the sa loons of this city nor to the owners thereof collectively or individually the charge of di rect participation In the commission of the crime , nor of the intended encouragement thereof , yet we recognize the fact and charge to that all the circumstances leading up to the killing of Rev. Mr. Haddock show that his mur der is the work of a spirit born and nurtured in the saloon , the spirit of lawlessness and the spirit of violence. Sesolved , That we recognize the right of all citizens to agitate and labor for therepeal of obnoxious laws , but this must not be done by opposing or seeking to nullify laws unre - pealcd. Resolved , That we recognize In the saloon , the gambling house and the house of prostitu tion the fruitful and fostering power of crinv , and we demand that henceforth it must be distinctly understood bv all classes that the laws of the State , including those relating to the above evils , shall be enforced , and tolhis we pledge our influence , our services and our means. Resolved , That while we sympathise with foreigners coming to this country , bavins ' ne ouliar vieus not in accordance with the s'pirit nndg niusof ourin tituti > ns , yet the only safe ty to our government is the niamtainance'of our 1 : ws , and we .ledare ourselves unalt-rablv in fj.vor of enforcing all our laws without fear , Itvor or ( User initiation. Resolved , That we tender to the family of Mr. Haddock our deep sympathy in their be reavement. Resolved , That these resolutionslbe publish ed in the papers of this city. E. E. LEWIS , J. S. LOTHKOP. H. C. MCNEIL , P. II. GIBBS , JOHN BRENXAX , C. W. FLETCHER , Committee. THE STATE OF IOWA , EXECUTIVE DEPART MENT. By the Governor : A Proclamation. Whereas. I am satisfied that the crime of mur der was , on or about the 3d of August , A. D. 1SSG , committed in the county of Woodbury and State of Iowa , on the person of G. C. Had dock , by some person or persons unknown to the authorities ; now , therefore , I , William Larrabee , Governor of the State of Iowa , by virtue of authority vested in me by law , do hereby offer a reward ot § 500 for the arrest and delivery to the proper authorities of the person or persons , guilty of such mnr- der. The said reward to be paid only upon conviction. In testimony whereof I have here unto set my hand and caused to be affixed the great seal of the State of Iowa. Done at DCS Moincs this 4th day of August , A. D. ISbG. WM. LARRABEE , By the Governor. FRANK D. JACKSOX , Secre tary of State. THE VIES ZA' UGLY MOOD. T/ie Cowboys Kill Two Indians , front , Which Trouble is Likely to Jlcsnlt. Durango ( Col. ) dispatch : The eght hun dred Indians at the southern Uto agency are again in a state of excitement over the killing by cowboys of two of their number , who were ofl the reservation on a rousta bout trip througlithe Disappointment creek region. The news reached the agency Tuesday by a Navajo courier , and 0. S. Merrill , of the agency , who is here , reports that the Indians are indignant and boister ous. The Utes have been discontented "for weeks. A month ago a party numberingin the vicinity of one hundred left the agency for the country to the west and south , which country is occupied by the cattle men. Their depredations , such as killing cattle , burning grass , etc. , have been re ported from time to time , and a collision between them and the cowboys has been pccted daily. In anticipation of such trouble two companies of soldiers have been stationed on Disappointment creek. The killing occurred about sixty miles west of Durango. The particulars have not been received , and probably never will be , as the cowboys keep such affairs a secret among themselves. Tho Utes at tlieageney are reported to be in a deplorable condi tion. Disease is fast diminishing their ranks. Three years ago they numbered 1,100. Now they are only eight hundred strong. During the past year ibout one hundred of them have died , while there have been only fourteen births. , STRAIGHT TALK TO MEXICO. Uttered by Sir. Bayard , Secretary of State. In response to a resolution of tho scnato asking for information concerning the al leged illegal detention of A. K. Cutting by tho Mexican authorities at El Paso del Norte , the president transmitted to tho senate on the 2d a report ot the secretary of state , together with a voluminous mass of correspondence relating to tho case. Un der date of July 1 , United States Cpns'ul Brigham , at El Paso del Norte , forwarded to the United States Minister Jackson , at Mexico , a full statement of the facts at tending the arrest and imprisonment of Cutting and an announcement of his ( Brig- ham's ) failure to secure any reply to his application for a fair trial or release on bail for Cutting. On July G , the United States minister sought from M. Marescal , Mexicna secretary of foreign affairs , tho proper relief for Cutting. Tho follow ing day M. Marescal replied that he had recommended the governor of Chihua hua to see that prompt and full justice was administered. On July 17 , Consul Brigham stated that Cutting was still a prisoner and nothing had been done for his release. Tho secretary says the imprison ment of this American citizen has thus con tinued for fully a month without explana tion or the prospect of any. lie ( Secretary Bayard ) , on July 19 , addressed a telegram to Minister Jackson , reciting all tho prece dent correspondence and facts , and stating the legal position assumed by this govern ment as a ground for demanding the release of citizens. Minister Jackson , on July 22 , telegraphed the refusal of the Mexican gov ernment to accede to the telegraphic de mand of Secretary Bayard for Cutting's release , which was folio wed by another tele- cram giving the Mexican reasons. Consul Brigham , on July 2G , telegraphed that tho governor of Chihuahua , was pushing tho trial of Cutting , who ignored tho proceed ings. On July 27 the secretary mailed ad ditional instructions to Minister Jackson. The secretary , in this letter , refers to tho claim of the Mexican minister here , based on Mexican laws , whereby jurisdiction is assumed by Mexico over crimes committed against Mexicans in the United States , or any foreign country , and his con tention that under this law the publica tion of libel in Texas was made cognizable and punishable in Mexico. The claim of jurisdiction in Mexico was peremptorily and positively denied by Secretary Bayard , who declared that the United States would not absent or permit the existence of such extra territorial force to be given to Mexi can law. "Mr. Romero , " he says , "finally assured him that Cutting would be released in a very short time. " Convinced of the friendly and conciliatory spirit influencing the Mexican govern men t , the sccretai-y in forms the consul that , in his opinion , all questions of conflicting interests between the two governments can , without difficul ty , be amicably , honorably and satisfac torily adjusted. Inhis report thesecrctary says , touching the Mexican laws cited by Mr. Romero : l'This conflict of law is even more profound than the literal difference of corresponding statutes , for it affects the underlying principles of security to personal liberty and freedom of speech , or expres sion , which are among the main objects sought to be secured by our framework of government. Tue present case may con stitute a precedent fraught with most seri ous results. The alleged offense may be , and undoubtedly in the present case is , within the United States held out to bo a misdemeanor , not of a high grade , but in Mexico may bo associated with penal results of the gravest char acter. An act may bo created by Mexican statutes an offense of high grade which in the United States would not be punishable in any degree. The safety ol our citizens and all others lawfully within our jurisdiction would be impaired if not wholly destroyed by admitting the power of a foreign state to definite offenses and apply penalties to acts committed within the jurisdiction of the United States. Tho United States and states composing this U"5on contain the only forum for trial of offenses against their laws , and to concede the jurisdiction of Mexico over Cutting's case , as it is stated in Consul Brigham's re port , would be to substitute the jurisdic tion and laws of Mexico for those of tho United States over offenses committed solely within the United States bya citizen of the United States. The offense alleged is the publication in Texas by a citizen of the United States of anarticledeemed libel- otis and criminal in Mexico. No allegation of its circulation in Mexico by Cutting is niiide , and no such circulation was practi cable or even possible , because the arrest was summarily made on the same day of publication in the English language in Texas , on the coming of the alleged writer or publisher , into Mexico , and the Mexican correspondence accompanying M. Mares- cal's refusal to release Cutting , found in the accompaniments to Minister Jackson's dispatch of July 22 , 188G. shows that the one hundred and eighty sixth article of the Mexican code is beyond the jurisdiction claimed. Under this pretension it is obvious that any edi tor , or publisher of any newspaper article within the limits and jurisdiction of the United States could be arrested and pun ished in Mexico if the same were deemed objectionable to officials of that country after M xicnn methods of administering justice , should he be found within those borders. Aside from the claim of extra dition power thus put forth for the laws of Mexico and extending their jurisdiction over the allt-ged offenses admittedly charged to have been committed within the borders of the United States , are to be considered arbitrary and oppressive proceedings which , ns measured by the constitutional standard of the United States , destroy the substance of the judicial trial and procedure to which Cutting has been subjected. In trnnsmit- ing the document to congress the president , in a brief communication , says : "As to the inquiry contained in the resolution 'whether any additional United States troops have been recently ordered to Ft. Bliss'I answer in the negative. " A HEARTLESS JtROTHER. Brooklyn ( N.Y. ) special : Henry Pughley , an unmarried Englishman. ? ged 45. com mitted suicide at his lodgings at . .01 Hud son street , this city , to-day by severing the ma'n artery of his left wrist. He had been for some time suffering from a cancerous affliction. Among the effects of the unfor tunate man was found a book , upon one of the leaves of which was written the fol lowing : "It makes me laugh to think that I am living here alone a miserable death and have a millionaire brother. " Investi gation proved that he had a brother living at 133 Cumberland street , who is a large dealer in hardware , carrying on business in New York. The wealthy brother , when in formed of the sad ending of bis brother , re fused to have anything to do with thebody but promised to give the remains a decent burial. WHT THE RILL FAILED. The fortification appropriation bill , after passing both houses of congress , failed in conference. The senate conferees were will- ! ? g \oi\- \ Ul ° aPProPriation3 made by i MI * - the bill to § 0,000.000. but this proposition was not acceptable to the house conferees and consequently there will be , lo fund available for the preservation and repair of fortifications during the recess THESE ARE LAWS X Measures of General Importance Enacted by Uto Recent Congress. \ Tho measures ot general importance thafc have been enacted into laws during tho ses sion of congress just closed , in addition to tho regular appropriation bil a , nro as fol lows : Presidential succession bill ; to provide for tho study of nature and tho effect ol alcoholic drinks and narcotics ; to remove tho charge of desertion. Grant medals and trophies ; to provido that surveyed lands granted to railroads , co-terminus with com pleted portions of such roads and in or ganized counties , shall not bo exempt from local taxation on account ol tho Hen of tho United States upon them for tho costs ot surveying , selecting or convoying them ( it also makes provision for selling such lands on the refusal or neglect of the companies to pay tho costs of tho survey ) ; tho oleo margarine bill ; tho bill for an increase ot tho navy ; to provido that homestead sot- tlcrs within railroad limits restricted to less than 1GO acres shall be entitled to have thev additional entries patented without any further cost or proof ; against soldiers who re-enlisted withouthavimreceived dis charges from regiments in which they had previously served ; to legalize the incorpora tion of national trades unions ; to give the receiver of a national bank power to buy in property of the bank sold under foreclos ure when necessary to protect his trust ; to regulate the promotion" tho graduates ot tho United States military academy ; to permit owners of United States merchant vessels and of any property on board thereof to sue tho United States for dam ages by collisions arising from tho misman agement of any government vessel ; except ing of settlement and cultivation ; to reduce fees on domesticmoney orders for sums not exceeding § 50 from eight to fivo cents ; to allow steam towing vessels to carry } in ad dition to their crews , as many persona aa the supervising inspector may authorize ; for the relief of Fitz John Porter ; to pro vide for the salo of tho Cherokee reserva tion ; to enable national banking associa tions to increase their capital stock and change their names or locations ; authoriz ing the construction of a building for tho nccor.umxlation of the congressional libra ry ; providing that after July 1 , 1SSG , no fees shall be charged to American vessels for measurement of tonnage , issuing ot license , granting certificate of registry , etc. , and amending the laws relative to the ship ping sind discharging of crews , thu liability of owners , licensing vessels , etc. ; to forfeit lands granted to the Atlantic it Pacific Railroad company and restore some to settlement ; to increase to § 12 a month the pensions of widows and depend ent relatives of deceased soldiers and sail ors ; declaring forfeited certain land grants made to the states of Alabama and Louis iana ; to amend section 333G of tho revised statutes so as to require brewers commenc ing business to give bond in three times tho amount of the tax they will he liable to pay during any one month and to execute new bond whenever required ; directing the secretary of the treasury to deliver to the proper claimants or owners silverware , jewelry , etc. , captured by the United States army during the late war , and to sell at public auction all such articles not claimed within oneyenr ; to direct the commissioner of labor to make an investigation as to convict labor ; to establish life-saving sta tions on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans and OIL the great lakes ; providing that manufactured tobacco and snuff and cigars may be removed for export without the payment of a tax ; repealing the law pro viding for the inspection of tobacco ; to ex tend the immediate delivery system ; to in crease the pension of soldiers who have lost an arm or leg. CHAR3IS OFICEXTUCKi' WIVES. As Recently Illustrated in the Case of a Prominent Senator. Washington special : Thursday last was , ns will be remembered , rather a warm day. The most phlegmatic individual could not restrain the streams of perspiration which trickled all over the body. A great , big , warm-blooded , impressive man , like Sena tor Beck , was bound , under the most favorable circumstances , to have a tough time , but Mr.Beck was booked for aspeech on the Morrison surplus resolution on that day. He wanted to free his mind on cer tain points , and it was then or never. So , up he got , and for about twenty minutes the words rolled out of his mouth like a torrent. His brawny fist pounded his desk like the hammer of a blacksmith , and his massive head shook vigorously and em phaticallyWhen he had finished he was a bight , indeed ; his collar had doubled up so it looked like a narrow piece of wet tape tied around h's neck. His shirt bosom was sopping with perspiration. Great patches came through and exhibited themselves all over the back of his coat and his face was ns though a heavy rain had run down it. While he was thinking how uncomfortable he felt , a page came and told him Mrs. Beck was up in hia committee room and wanted to see him. Wondering what could have brought her from home "to-day. " he was surprised , too , to see her taking from a valise a change of nice cool linen. She told him she had read in the morning paper , after he had left home , t hat be was going it rjugh shod "for tlu > finance committee amendment to the Morrison resolution. " and as she knew the condition he would bo in , she hastened to the capital with the change. It did not take him very long to strip and wash off the damigeandslip into his clean linen. He then walked back to the senate prouder than : i peacock , and for the balance of the day his only topic of conversation were the virtues and charms of Kent iirkv wivps. HATES O.V Tlf.DEX , Fremont ( Ohio ) dispatch : Last evening the editor of the Democratic Messenger re quested an interview with ex-President Hayes on the death of Mr. Tilden , but the request was refused. This evening Mr. Hayes addressed the following letter to tho editor : ' 'Yourrcquest for an interview on the oc casion of the death of Mr. Tilden was de clined in accordance with my uniform habit on the subject of interviews. I wish , how- over , to say that there has been nothing in the relations of Mr. Tilden and myself which would prevent me from expressing the sentiments and manifestations which are natural and fitting on the death of a political leader and statesman so distin guished as Mr. Tilden. Sincerev ! , ' "R. B.'HAYES. " LIBERALS OUT OF POWER. LONDON , Aug. a The members of the Glad- s'onian ministry surrendered their seals of office to the new ministers. The members of the two ministries lunched with the queen. Lord Salisbury will remain a guest of the queen until to-morrow. The farewell to Lord and Lady Aberdeen in Dublin to-day was phenomenal. All Dublin was abroad and the enthusiasm was un bounded. Lord Mayor Sullivan asked Lord Aberdeen I to describe the scene to tbe queen and to tell her that this was a "pale forecast of the re ception she will receive when she comes in person to restore to Ireland her ancient right of self government. " The address of the corporation to the retir ing viceroy declared that nothing short of Mr. Gladstone's measure would satisfy tbe Irish people.