The McCook tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 1886-1936, August 12, 1886, Image 3

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Samuel tT. Tilden Unexpectedly Passes Aicay
at Ills Greystonc Home.
NEW YORK , August 4. Hon. Samuel J.
Tilden died peacefully atGreystone at 8:45 :
o'clock this morning. Therewere present
with him Drs. Simonds and Swift and his
niece , Miss Gould. His death was entirely
unexpected and was caused by the failure
ot the heart , following an acute attack of
diarrhoea and nausea. As soon as the news
was received In New York the flags of public
jl buildings and newspapers weredisplayedat
half-mast , and expressions of regret wero
hoard from all quarters at tho death of the
eminent statesman. He had not been feel
ing well for several days.
The news spread very rapidly. The news
paper offices bulletined it early , and so it
was soon'scattered broadcast. Expres
sions of sorrow were heard on all sides and
from all parties of political faith at the
loss the country has sustained. Though
it was known Tilden had been in bad
v- health for some time past , his death was
not being looked for. Coining so suddenly
it was quite a shock to the community.
Business men of this city lost no time in
paying tribute to the statesman's memorv
by displaying flags at half mast. Every
building of prominence down town had its
flags lowered. Flags were also displayed
at half mast on all public buildings. There
were no unusual scenes at Tilden's hand-
eoine residence in Gramercy park to-day ,
and ns yet no evidences of the death of its
owner are displayed on the building. The
curtains and windows remain just as they
have been since Tilden left for his mansion.
Governor Hill issued the following proc
lamation :
I announce tothepeople of tho state with
sincere regret the death of Samuel J. Til
den. After a long and active career devo
ted to the public good and the rendition of
arduous and conspicuous services in behalf
of the people , he this morning peacefully
passed an-ny at his chosen retreat at Grey-
stone , on the banks of the Hudson. The
country loses one of its ablest statesmen
and the state of New York one of her fore
most citizens. He was twice representative
in the state legislature , a member of two
constitutional conventions , governor of
the state two years , and in 1876 was can
didate of one of the greatest parties of the
country , and received therefor the electoral
vole of his native state and upon a popu
lar vote was declared the choice of a ma
jority of the voters of the United States.
As a private citizen and in every public
station , he was pure and upright and dis
charged every trust with conspicuous fidel
ity. His last public utterance which at
tracted public attention exhibited thosnme
spirit of unselfish patriotism which chara -
terized his whole career , and was in behalf
of strengthening the defense of the country
he loved so well. It is meet that the close
of such a life should be marked with more
than a passing notice. The legislature be
ing in bession at the time , 1 commend to
the people of the state such expression ol
respect for his long , faithful and honorable
services as they deem appropriate.
Now , therefore , it is directed as a mark
of regard for the distinguished dead that
the flags upon the capitol and all public
buildings of the state , including armories
and arsenals of the national guard , be dis
played ntlmlf mast until and including the
day of the funeral , and the citizens of the
state for a like period are requested to
unite in appropriate tokens of respect.
WASHINGTON , D. C. , August 4. The news
of the death of Mr. T/lden was received in
this city soon after 9 o'clock this uiorning
and spread rapidly over tho city. ' As the
announcement of the death had not been
preceded by any news of his serious illness
it created general surprise. The president
heard of the death about half-past nine
and at once sent the following telegram of
sympathy to Mr. Tilden's nephew :
Samuel J. Tilden , Yorkers , N. Y. : I have
this moment learned of the sudden death
of your illustrious relative , Samuel J. Til
den , and hasten to express my individual
sorrow in an event by which the state of
New York has lost her most distinguished
son and-the nation one of its wisest and
most patriotic counsellors.
Most of the cabinet officers called at the
executive mansion this afternoon to see the
president in relation to matters connected
with their respective departments , and the
death of Mr. Tilden was a subject of gen
eral conversation between the president
and his advisors. They all expressed re
gret and sorrow at the sudden removal of
a man whom they all regarded as the great
leader of the democratic party. At tbe
capitol democratic senators and represen
tatives expressed the highest regard for Mr.
Tilden and accorded him an exalted place
in history. Among republicans there was
no disposition to criticise the dead states
man , and they snoko of him as a leader of
integrity and ability and a good citizen.
Samuel J. Tilden was born at New Le
banon , in the state of New York , in 1814.
He is descended from an old and highly
honorable family , the remotest member of
whom he has any positive knowledge being
one Nathaniel Tilden , who was mayor ol
Tenterden , Kent , England , in 1623. This
! ) gentleman removed with his family to
America in 1(534 ( , and settled at Scituate ,
Mass. Mr. Tilden's father was a thrifty
merchant of New Lebanon , who , on ac
count of his integrity and good sense , espe
cially on political matters , was admitted
to terms of intimacy with Martin Van Bu-
ren. His mother was descended from Wil
liam Jones , lieutenant governor ot the col
ony of New Haven , and reputed to be ason
of Colonel John Jones , one of the regicide
judges of Charles L , whose wife was a sister
of Oliver Cromwell. In his eighteenth year
Mr. Tilden entered Yale college , where he
pursued his studies with such indefatigable
zeal that his health gave way , and he was
compelled to drop out of the course. As soon
as he had sufficiently recovered he resumed
his studies at the University of New York ,
where he was graduated in 1834. He was
then a young man of only twenty years.
He subsequently read law , and while a
student in the office of John W. Edmunds
in New York wrote several articles on the
political situation. One of these was in
defense of President Van Buren's policy.
It caused considerable discussion in the
newspaper world , especially so as the presi
dent was conjectured to have written it.
As soon as he had been admitted to the
bar Mr. Tiiden opened an office of his own
in Pine street in New York city. Although
embarked in professional life of a kind
which called for the most arduous applica
tion , lie did not lose his interest in politics.
He continued to express his opinions
through the press , and occasionally spoke
at political meetings. As soon as the
presidential campaign of 1844 , in which
James K. Polk was a candidate , had fairly
opened. Mr. Tilden founded the New York
Daily News , in connection with John O'Sul-
livan. The following year he was sent to
the assembly from the city of New York ,
and elected ns a delegate to the convention
which was to revise the constitution of the
state. Tbe estrangement between the
friends of Mr. Polk and Mr. Van Buren in
consequence of the elections of.84G caused
Mr. Tilden to retire from politics and
continue his attention to the law. This-
without which his
TV as a fortunate move ,
subsequent success and fame ns a lawyer
conld never have been achieved. He imme
diately began a series of triumphs actheba
which gave him great reputation. Among
the moro notable cases in which he was suc
cessful may be mentioned that of F.'agg vs.
Giles ; Burdell vs. Cunningham , a famous
will case , and that of the Pennsylvania
Coal company vs. the Delaware & Hudson
i ,
Coal company. It is no exaggeration to
say that from 1845 up to time he retired
from professional life , one-half tho great
railway corporations north of the Ohio
and between the Hudson and Mississippi
had been his clients. For some time pre
ceding tho war ho was tho confidential ad
viser of Dean Richmond , tho leader .of the
democratic party in tho state of New York.
He was elected governor of New York in
1874 , and was nominated to the presi
dency in 1876. The result of the election
being disputed led to tho appointment of
the electoral commission , under whose de
cision tho republican candidate was peace
fully inaugurated.
Since that time Mr. Tilden has lived in
retirement , with the exception of an occa
sional appearance in public.
The Prosecution In tho Case of lluf Anarchist *
Through With Testimony.
In the trial of the anarchists at Chicago ,
on the morning ot the 31st , the court room
was crowded as usual. The first part , ol
the session was taken up in the reading of
articles in the Arbeiter-Zeitung , which ap
peared before the massacre , urging working-
men to arm themselves and advocating tho
use of dynamite. _ The issue of April 2 re
ferred to tho street car strikes in New York
and Brooklyn , in which it was stated that
the month of May mightbring about many
things undreamed of that day , and the
workingmen wero called to buy arms as the
1st of May was coining. April 27said that
police and soldiers must be met with armies
of workingmen , and whoever of these had
not money to buy arms * wero called upon
to sell their watches and chains and buy
them. The issue of April 30 spoke of the
secret orders the police had received for the
trouble expected pn the following Satur
day. May 1 called on comrades to destroy
all rolls of membership and minute books ,
and to clean their breech-loaders and arm
There was lots of other matter of this
kind read , after which Detective Bonfield
was recalled. He had searched the Ar-
beiter Zeitung office and found a number ot
banners. These banners werebrought into
court and placed in evidence. Most ol
them were red. The mottoes wero peculiar
and tho witness read them off. When
called upon the witness testified that ho
found the banners in the Arbelter Zeitung
building in the small room that was used
as a library. The prosecution then rested.
Captain Black and the other attorneys
for the defense said they would like the
court to instruct the jury to bring in a ver
dict of not guilty in regard to Oscar Neebe.
There was no case against Neebe , and.noth-
ing in the evidence to show that he'tvas in
anyway connected with tho massacre on
Hay market square May 4.
The judge , after listening to the counsel
for some time , said he was not inclined to
interfere in the case at all.
Mr. Solomon then made the opening
statement for the defense. He presented
his case in a clear and concise form. He
claimed that the defendants were not on
trial for being socialists or anarchists.
They simply belonged to an organization
which was opposed to tho existing laws of
society. They ere charged with the mur
der of Officer Dugan , but the throwing of
the bomb was not contemplated by them
and they could not be held liable as con
spirators. On this principle it might bo
held that they were accessories to the man
who threw the bomb. If this principle
could not be proven they could not bo held
as accessories. Mr. Solomon said they ex
pected to prove that FiMden fired no shots
and never owned a pif to' , that Neebe was
was in no way concerned , that Spies
did not fire the fuse , that Gil-
mar lied , and that Lingg was at
home on the night of May 4. They also
proposed , he said , to show that Engel was
at home on that night , and that none ol
the defendants knew anything about bomb
throwing. The meeting at Haymarket
square was a peaceable one and was held
under the right of American citizens to dis
cuss topics of the day. The police went
there with an express purpose of killing
some of those men. The defense expects .to
show that the bomb thrower was a crank
and was not acting under the advice of the
Smith , the Slayer of Jlamlln , Assassinated
in Arizona.
Chadron ( Neb. ) special to the Omaha Bee :
Information has been received here that
John H. Smith , alias John H. Morrell , was
shot and killed a few days ago near the
Planchas dePlata mine , in Sonora , eighteen
miles southwest of Nogales , Arizona , by
George Miles , alias Bailey. Smith was un
der indictment at Valentine , together with
several other men , for the killing of Hamil
ton a stock inspector , in 1883. Smith , who
was the ringleader , and the other parties ,
with one exception , all fled the country im
mediately upon learning of the indictment
About the 8th of July last , Smith , who had
been traced to Arizona , was arrested at
Nogales , but soon escaped from his guards ,
tbe information being received in Omaha
just as the sheriff from Valentine reached
there with the intention of proceeding to
Arizona and bringing him back for trial.
John Pierce and young Danielson , of Chad
ron , indicted with Smith , are still at large.
Carter , who was sheriff at Valentine , and
who was also indicted , is still at Valentine ,
and who was also indicted , is still at Valen
tine , it being understood that the indict
ment against him is to be nolled at the
proper time.
Smith carried on the trade of tobaccon
ist at Nogales under the assumed name ol
Morrell. After his escape from his guards
in the hotel , where he had been placed un
der arrest , to await tho coming of the Val
entine sheriff , he crossed the line into So
nora. M51est , the man who killed him , says
he was going to look at some mines and
'stopped at a cabin , when he met fnce to
face with Morrell , who had said he would
kill him on sight , and the shooting began.
Smith in his ante-mortem statementsaid
that Miles came to the cabin while he was
taking a siesta and commenced shooting at
him. Miles was unhurt , but the horse he
rode was shot in the jaw. The body ol
Smith was brought into the Mexican side
of the city and an inquiry hem. The Mexi
can authorities held Miles for murder. The
body of Smith nlterthe inquest was turned
over to his American friends and buried.
Pittsburg ( Pa. ) dispatch : A private tele
gram from West Elizabeth announced tho
development of new cases of typhoid fever
within the past twenty-four hours , three of
the new cases being considered fatal. Two
physicians are reported ill from over exer
tion. " In this city the rapid spread of the
epidemic , especially in the part lying south
ofthe Monongahela river , is the occasion
of increasing alarm. The health depart
ment is doing all it can in abating every
possible case heard of. Many unsatisfac
tory reasons have been suggested as to the
causes of the affliction which is peculiar in
the intense suffering of those taken with it.
There have been twenty-two deaths from
various cases reported at the health office
to-day , much larger than known for some
years past , in the Twenty-fifth ward , and a
total of 150 cases in the Twenty-fourth to
the Thirtieth ward inclusive , all of which
are on the south side .
Accompanied With Reasons Why He Signs
the Measure.
President Cleveland has approved the
oleomargarine bill and sent the following
message to the house notifying that body
of his action , but suggesting some amend
ments to the measure :
To tyie House of Eeprcsentatives I have
this day approved a bill originating in the
house of representatives entitled "An act
defining butter , also imposing a tax upon
and regulating the manufacture for sale ,
importation and exportation of oleomar
garine. " This legislation has awakened
much interest among the people of the
country and earnest argument has been
addressed to the executive for the purpose
of influencing his action thereupon. Many
in opposition have urged its dangerous
character .as tending to break down the
boundaries between the proper exercise of
legislative power by federal and state au
thority. Many in favor of the enactment
have represented that it promised great
advantages to a large portion of our popu
lation who sadly need relief , and those on
both sides of the question whose advocacy
or opposition is based upon no broader
foundation than local or personal interest
have outnumbered all others. This upon
its face and in its main features is a
revenue bill and was first introduced in the
house of representatives wherein the con
stitution declares that all bills for raising
revenue shall originate. The constitution
has invested congress with a very wide leg
islative discretion both as to the necessity
of taxation and selection of the objects of
its burdens , and though if the question was
presented to me as an original proposition
I might doubt the present need of increased
taxation , I deem it my duty in this in
stance to defer to the judgmentiof the legis
lative branch of the government which has
been so emphatically announced in both
houses of congress in favor of the passage
of this bill. Moreover those who desire to
see removed the weight of taxation now
pressing upon the people from other direc
tions may well be justified in the hope and
expectation that tne selection of an addi
tional subject of internal taxation so well
able to bear it , will in consistency be fol
lowed by legislation relieving our citizens
from other revenue burdens rendered by
the passage of this b.ill even more than
heretofore unnecessary and needlessly op
pressive. It lias been urged as an objection
to this measure that while purporting to
be legislation for revenue its real purpose is
to destroy by nil the use of the taxing
power one industry of our people for the
protection and benefit of another. If enti
tled to indulge in such a suspicion as a
basis of official action in this case , and if
entirely satisfied that the consequences in
dicated would ensue , I should doubtless
feel constrained to impose executive dis
sent , but I do not feel called upon to inter
pret the motives of congress other
wise than by the apparent charac
ter of the bill which has" been
presented to me , and I am convinced
that the taxes which it creates cannot pos
sibly destroy the open and legitimate man
ufacture and sale of the thing upon which
it is levied if this article has the merit
which its friends claim for it , and if tho
people of the land with full knowledge of its
real character desire to purchase and use
it , the taxes enacted by this bill will per
mit a fair profit to both manufacturer and
dealer. If the existence of tho commodity
taxed and the profits of its manufacture
and sale depend upon disposing of it to the
people for something else which it deceit
fully imitates , the entire enterprise is a
fraud and not an industry , and if it can
not endure the exhibition of its real char
acter , which will be effected by the inspec
tion , supervision and stamping which this
bill directs , the sooner it is destroyed the
better in the interest of fair dealing. Such
a result would not furnish the first instance
in the history of legislation in which a rev
enue produced a benefit which was merely
incidental to its purpose. There is certain
ly no industry better entitled to the inci
dental advantages which may follow this
legislation than our farming and dairy in
terests , and to none of our people should
they be less begrudged than our farmers
and dairymen. The present depression of
their occupations , the hard , steady and
often unremunerative toil which such occu
pations exact , and the burdens of taxation
which our agicnlturists necessarily bear , en
title them to every legitimate considera
tion. Nor should there be opposition to
the incidental effect of this legislation on
the part of those who profess to be engaged
honestly and fairly in the manufacture and
sale of a wholesome and valuable article
of food which , by its provisions , may
be subject to taxation. As long
as their business is carried on un
der cover and by faise pretenses , such men
have bad companions in those whose man
ufactures , however vile and harmful , take
their place without challenge with the bet
ter sort in a common crusade of deceit
against the public. But if this occupation
and its methods are forced into the light
and ah these manufactures must either
stand upon their merits or fall , the good
and bad must soon part company and the
fittest only will survive. Not the least im
portant incident related to this legislation
is the defense afforded to the consumer
against the fraudulent substitution and
sale of an imitation for a genuine article of
food of very general household use. Not
withstanding the immense quantity of the
article described in this bill which is sold to
the people for their consumption as food ,
and notwithstanding the claim made that
its manufacture supplies a cheap substitute
tor butter , I venture to say that hardly a
pound ever entered a poor man's house
under its real name and in its true characl
ter. While there should benogovernmenla-
regulation of what the citizen shall eat , it
is certainly not a cause of regret if by legis
lation of this character he is afforded a
means which ho may better protect him
self against an imposition in meeting the
needs and wants of his daily life. Having
entered upon this legislation it is manifestly
a. duty to render it as effective as possible
in the accomplishment of all the good
which should necessarily follow in its train.
This leads to the suggestion that the article
proposed to be taxed and the circumstances
which subject it thereto should be clearly
and with great distinctness defined in the
statement. It seems to me that this object
hasnotbeen wholly attained in the phrase
ology of the second section of the bill , and
that a question may well arise as to the
precise condition the article to be taxed
must assume ? in order to be regarded as
made in imitation or semblance of butter ,
or when so made , calculated or intended
to be sold as butter , or for butter. The
fourteenth and fifteenth sections of the bill
in my opinion are in danger of being con
strued as an interference with the police
powers of the states. Not being entirely
satisfied of the constitutionality of these
provisions , and regarding them as not be
ing so connected and interwoven with
other sections as if found invalid to vitiate
the entire measure , I have determined to
commend them to the attention of the
house with a view to an immediate amend
ment of the bill if it should be deemed nec
essary , and if it ia practicable at this late
day in the session of congress. The fact ,
too , that the bill does not take effect by its
terms until ninety days have elapsed after
its approval , thus leaving it but one month
in operation before the next session of
congress , when , if time does not now per
mit , the safety and efficiency of the meas
ure may be abundantly protected by
remedial legislative action , and the desire
to see realized the beneficial results which
it is expected will immediately follow the
inauguration of this legislation , have had
their influence in determining my official
action. Tho considerations which have
been referivU to will , I hope , justify this
communication and the suggestions which
it contains. GHOVEU CLEVELAND.
Executive Mansion , Aug. 2 , 1886.
Sioux City the Scene of a Cotcardly Assas
A cola blooded and cowardly assassination
occurred In Sioux City on the night of Aug.
3d , Rev. Gco. C. Haddock being the victim.
About nine o'clock Mr. Haddock , accompan
ied by Rev. C. C. Turner pastor of the Wii.t
field M. E. church , called at Merrill's liven
stable , on Water street , and got a horse an 1
bugsy for the purpose of driving to Green
ville , just across tbe Floyd , cast of tbe city
They were absent about an hour. At 10 o'clock
Mr. Haddock returned to the stable with tin *
horse and buggy , being alone at tbat time
After delivering the animal to the hostler ,
Tom Jarvis , Mr. Haddock started to go out
of the stable , but noticing several men
standing on the sidewalk opposite , he
turned and asked Jarvis if "anybody was lay
ing for him , " laughing pleasantly as he asked
the question. Jarvis replied that he knew of
no one who bad any such Intention. At this
Mr. Haddock started , but over the crossing of
"Water street , on the south side of Fourth , a
shot was heard and be dropped his cane , ami ,
staggering foward in a direction slightly south
of east , fell on the walk as above stated.
Jack Ryan , Superintendent of Markets , was
In the door of Dan O'Connell's'saloon when
the shot was fired and saw Haddock , who was
between himself and the gaslight at the
Columbia house corner , stagger toward the
sidewalk. He at once went to him and al
though the wounded man breathed at least
five minute * after he fell he did not attempt to
speak. Ryan got some water and washed the
blood from his face and was there when the
crowd began to collect.
After the shooting Officer Henry Jlcitfelt
picked up a murderous looking billey in the
street near-where the shooting occurel. It
is made of the wheel of a pulley , such as are
used In heavy barn doors , to which Is at
tached a stiff rope handle. There is no evi
dence that this weapon was used , as the shot
did its work effectively and well.
From all appearance , the case Is one of pre
meditated murder , and the circumstances go
to show that the parties were aware of the trip
taken by Mr. Haddock and armed and sta
tioned themselves in convenient positions to
attack him on his return.
An overflowing public meeting was held in
Sioux City to take action with refer
ence to the murder of Mr. Haddock , speeches
were made'by S. Lothrop. A. L. Hudson , E.
P. Hubbard , Geo. D. Perkins , John Brennan
and others. The following resolutions fully
setting forth the spirit and purpose of the
meeting were adopted :
WHEREAS , The circumstances surrounding
the murder of Rev. Geo. C. Haddock are of
such a public nature and interest as to demand
an expression of the public concerning it ;
oltesoh'cd , That we will leave no measure un
tried to secure the apprehension and punish
ment of the perpetrators of this crime , and to
this end ask that a copy of these resolutions be
forwarded by the secretary of this meeting to
the Governor with a request that he offer as
lance a reward as the law will allow for the ar
rest of the offender ; also that a committee of
five be appointed by the chairman of this meet-
Ins to solicit subscriptions for a citizens' re
ward , to be offt-red for the same purpose.
Resolved , That while we do not lay to the sa
loons of this city nor to the owners thereof
collectively or individually the charge of di
rect participation In the commission of the
crime , nor of the intended encouragement
thereof , yet we recognize the fact and charge
to that all the circumstances leading up to the
killing of Rev. Mr. Haddock show that his mur
der is the work of a spirit born and nurtured
in the saloon , the spirit of lawlessness and the
spirit of violence.
Sesolved , That we recognize the right of all
citizens to agitate and labor for therepeal of
obnoxious laws , but this must not be done by
opposing or seeking to nullify laws unre -
Resolved , That we recognize In the saloon ,
the gambling house and the house of prostitu
tion the fruitful and fostering power of crinv ,
and we demand that henceforth it must be
distinctly understood bv all classes that the
laws of the State , including those relating to
the above evils , shall be enforced , and tolhis
we pledge our influence , our services and our
Resolved , That while we sympathise with
foreigners coming to this country , bavins ' ne
ouliar vieus not in accordance with the s'pirit
nndg niusof ourin tituti > ns , yet the only safe
ty to our government is the niamtainance'of our
1 : ws , and we .ledare ourselves unalt-rablv in
fj.vor of enforcing all our laws without fear ,
Itvor or ( User initiation.
Resolved , That we tender to the family of
Mr. Haddock our deep sympathy in their be
Resolved , That these resolutionslbe publish
ed in the papers of this city.
MENT. By the Governor : A Proclamation.
Whereas. I am satisfied that the crime of mur
der was , on or about the 3d of August , A. D.
1SSG , committed in the county of Woodbury
and State of Iowa , on the person of G. C. Had
dock , by some person or persons unknown to
the authorities ; now , therefore , I , William
Larrabee , Governor of the State of Iowa , by
virtue of authority vested in me by law , do
hereby offer a reward ot § 500 for the arrest
and delivery to the proper authorities
of the person or persons , guilty of such mnr-
der. The said reward to be paid only upon
conviction. In testimony whereof I have here
unto set my hand and caused to be affixed the
great seal of the State of Iowa. Done at DCS
Moincs this 4th day of August , A. D. ISbG.
By the Governor. FRANK D. JACKSOX , Secre
tary of State.
T/ie Cowboys Kill Two Indians , front , Which
Trouble is Likely to Jlcsnlt.
Durango ( Col. ) dispatch : The eght hun
dred Indians at the southern Uto agency
are again in a state of excitement over the
killing by cowboys of two of their number ,
who were ofl the reservation on a rousta
bout trip througlithe Disappointment
creek region. The news reached the agency
Tuesday by a Navajo courier , and 0. S.
Merrill , of the agency , who is here , reports
that the Indians are indignant and boister
ous. The Utes have been discontented "for
weeks. A month ago a party numberingin
the vicinity of one hundred left the agency
for the country to the west and south ,
which country is occupied by the cattle
men. Their depredations , such as killing
cattle , burning grass , etc. , have been re
ported from time to time , and a collision
between them and the cowboys has been
pccted daily. In anticipation of such
trouble two companies of soldiers have
been stationed on Disappointment creek.
The killing occurred about sixty miles west
of Durango. The particulars have not
been received , and probably never will be ,
as the cowboys keep such affairs a secret
among themselves. Tho Utes at tlieageney
are reported to be in a deplorable condi
tion. Disease is fast diminishing their
ranks. Three years ago they numbered
1,100. Now they are only eight hundred
strong. During the past year ibout one
hundred of them have died , while there
have been only fourteen births.
Uttered by Sir. Bayard , Secretary of State.
In response to a resolution of tho scnato
asking for information concerning the al
leged illegal detention of A. K. Cutting by
tho Mexican authorities at El Paso del
Norte , the president transmitted to tho
senate on the 2d a report ot the secretary
of state , together with a voluminous mass
of correspondence relating to tho case. Un
der date of July 1 , United States Cpns'ul
Brigham , at El Paso del Norte , forwarded
to the United States Minister Jackson , at
Mexico , a full statement of the facts at
tending the arrest and imprisonment of
Cutting and an announcement of his ( Brig-
ham's ) failure to secure any reply to his
application for a fair trial or release on
bail for Cutting. On July G , the United
States minister sought from M. Marescal ,
Mexicna secretary of foreign affairs , tho
proper relief for Cutting. Tho follow
ing day M. Marescal replied that he
had recommended the governor of Chihua
hua to see that prompt and full justice
was administered. On July 17 , Consul
Brigham stated that Cutting was still a
prisoner and nothing had been done for his
release. Tho secretary says the imprison
ment of this American citizen has thus con
tinued for fully a month without explana
tion or the prospect of any. lie ( Secretary
Bayard ) , on July 19 , addressed a telegram
to Minister Jackson , reciting all tho prece
dent correspondence and facts , and stating
the legal position assumed by this govern
ment as a ground for demanding the release
of citizens. Minister Jackson , on July 22 ,
telegraphed the refusal of the Mexican gov
ernment to accede to the telegraphic de
mand of Secretary Bayard for Cutting's
release , which was folio wed by another tele-
cram giving the Mexican reasons. Consul
Brigham , on July 2G , telegraphed that tho
governor of Chihuahua , was pushing tho
trial of Cutting , who ignored tho proceed
ings. On July 27 the secretary mailed ad
ditional instructions to Minister Jackson.
The secretary , in this letter , refers to tho
claim of the Mexican minister here , based
on Mexican laws , whereby jurisdiction is
assumed by Mexico over crimes committed
against Mexicans in the United States ,
or any foreign country , and his con
tention that under this law the publica
tion of libel in Texas was made cognizable
and punishable in Mexico. The claim of
jurisdiction in Mexico was peremptorily
and positively denied by Secretary Bayard ,
who declared that the United States would
not absent or permit the existence of such
extra territorial force to be given to Mexi
can law. "Mr. Romero , " he says , "finally
assured him that Cutting would be released
in a very short time. " Convinced of the
friendly and conciliatory spirit influencing
the Mexican govern men t , the sccretai-y in
forms the consul that , in his opinion , all
questions of conflicting interests between
the two governments can , without difficul
ty , be amicably , honorably and satisfac
torily adjusted. Inhis report thesecrctary
says , touching the Mexican laws cited by
Mr. Romero : l'This conflict of law is even
more profound than the literal difference of
corresponding statutes , for it affects the
underlying principles of security to personal
liberty and freedom of speech , or expres
sion , which are among the main objects
sought to be secured by our framework of
government. Tue present case may con
stitute a precedent fraught with most seri
ous results. The alleged offense may be ,
and undoubtedly in the present case is ,
within the United States held out to bo a
misdemeanor , not of a high grade , but in
Mexico may bo associated with
penal results of the gravest char
acter. An act may bo created by
Mexican statutes an offense of high grade
which in the United States would not be
punishable in any degree. The safety ol
our citizens and all others lawfully within
our jurisdiction would be impaired if not
wholly destroyed by admitting the power
of a foreign state to definite offenses and
apply penalties to acts committed within
the jurisdiction of the United States. Tho
United States and states composing this
U"5on contain the only forum for trial of
offenses against their laws , and to concede
the jurisdiction of Mexico over Cutting's
case , as it is stated in Consul Brigham's re
port , would be to substitute the jurisdic
tion and laws of Mexico for those of tho
United States over offenses committed
solely within the United States bya citizen
of the United States. The offense alleged
is the publication in Texas by a citizen of
the United States of anarticledeemed libel-
otis and criminal in Mexico. No allegation
of its circulation in Mexico by Cutting is
niiide , and no such circulation was practi
cable or even possible , because the arrest
was summarily made on the same day of
publication in the English language in
Texas , on the coming of the alleged writer
or publisher , into Mexico , and the Mexican
correspondence accompanying M. Mares-
cal's refusal to release Cutting , found
in the accompaniments to Minister
Jackson's dispatch of July 22 ,
188G. shows that the one hundred
and eighty sixth article of the Mexican code
is beyond the jurisdiction claimed. Under
this pretension it is obvious that any edi
tor , or publisher of any newspaper article
within the limits and jurisdiction of the
United States could be arrested and pun
ished in Mexico if the same were deemed
objectionable to officials of that country
after M xicnn methods of administering
justice , should he be found within those
borders. Aside from the claim of extra
dition power thus put forth for the laws of
Mexico and extending their jurisdiction
over the allt-ged offenses admittedly charged
to have been committed within the borders
of the United States , are to be considered
arbitrary and oppressive proceedings which ,
ns measured by the constitutional standard
of the United States , destroy the substance
of the judicial trial and procedure to which
Cutting has been subjected. In trnnsmit-
ing the document to congress the president ,
in a brief communication , says : "As to the
inquiry contained in the resolution 'whether
any additional United States troops have
been recently ordered to Ft. Bliss'I answer
in the negative. "
Brooklyn ( N.Y. ) special : Henry Pughley ,
an unmarried Englishman. ? ged 45. com
mitted suicide at his lodgings at . .01 Hud
son street , this city , to-day by severing the
ma'n artery of his left wrist. He had been
for some time suffering from a cancerous
affliction. Among the effects of the unfor
tunate man was found a book , upon one
of the leaves of which was written the fol
lowing : "It makes me laugh to think that
I am living here alone a miserable death
and have a millionaire brother. " Investi
gation proved that he had a brother living
at 133 Cumberland street , who is a large
dealer in hardware , carrying on business in
New York. The wealthy brother , when in
formed of the sad ending of bis brother , re
fused to have anything to do with thebody
but promised to give the remains a decent
The fortification appropriation bill , after
passing both houses of congress , failed in
conference. The senate conferees were will-
! ? g \oi\- \ Ul ° aPProPriation3 made by
i MI * -
the bill
to § 0,000.000. but this proposition
was not acceptable to the house conferees
and consequently there will be , lo fund
available for the preservation and repair
of fortifications during the recess
Measures of General Importance Enacted by
Uto Recent Congress. \
Tho measures ot general importance thafc
have been enacted into laws during tho ses
sion of congress just closed , in addition to
tho regular appropriation bil a , nro as fol
lows :
Presidential succession bill ; to provide
for tho study of nature and tho effect ol
alcoholic drinks and narcotics ; to remove
tho charge of desertion. Grant medals and
trophies ; to provido that surveyed lands
granted to railroads , co-terminus with com
pleted portions of such roads and in or
ganized counties , shall not bo exempt from
local taxation on account ol tho Hen of tho
United States upon them for tho costs ot
surveying , selecting or convoying them ( it
also makes provision for selling such lands
on the refusal or neglect of the companies
to pay tho costs of tho survey ) ; tho oleo
margarine bill ; tho bill for an increase ot
tho navy ; to provido that homestead sot-
tlcrs within railroad limits restricted to less
than 1GO acres shall be entitled to have
thev additional entries patented without
any further cost or proof ; against soldiers
who re-enlisted withouthavimreceived dis
charges from regiments in which they had
previously served ; to legalize the incorpora
tion of national trades unions ; to give the
receiver of a national bank power to buy
in property of the bank sold under foreclos
ure when necessary to protect his trust ; to
regulate the promotion" tho graduates ot
tho United States military academy ; to
permit owners of United States merchant
vessels and of any property on board
thereof to sue tho United States for dam
ages by collisions arising from tho misman
agement of any government vessel ; except
ing of settlement and cultivation ; to reduce
fees on domesticmoney orders for sums not
exceeding § 50 from eight to fivo cents ; to
allow steam towing vessels to carry } in ad
dition to their crews , as many persona aa
the supervising inspector may authorize ;
for the relief of Fitz John Porter ; to pro
vide for the salo of tho Cherokee reserva
tion ; to enable national banking associa
tions to increase their capital stock and
change their names or locations ; authoriz
ing the construction of a building for tho
nccor.umxlation of the congressional libra
ry ; providing that after July 1 , 1SSG , no
fees shall be charged to American vessels
for measurement of tonnage , issuing ot
license , granting certificate of registry , etc. ,
and amending the laws relative to the ship
ping sind discharging of crews , thu liability
of owners , licensing vessels , etc. ; to forfeit
lands granted to the Atlantic it Pacific
Railroad company and restore some
to settlement ; to increase to § 12 a
month the pensions of widows and depend
ent relatives of deceased soldiers and sail
ors ; declaring forfeited certain land grants
made to the states of Alabama and Louis
iana ; to amend section 333G of tho revised
statutes so as to require brewers commenc
ing business to give bond in three times tho
amount of the tax they will he liable to
pay during any one month and to execute
new bond whenever required ; directing the
secretary of the treasury to deliver to the
proper claimants or owners silverware ,
jewelry , etc. , captured by the United States
army during the late war , and to sell at
public auction all such articles not claimed
within oneyenr ; to direct the commissioner
of labor to make an investigation as to
convict labor ; to establish life-saving sta
tions on the Atlantic and Pacific oceans
and OIL the great lakes ; providing that
manufactured tobacco and snuff and cigars
may be removed for export without the
payment of a tax ; repealing the law pro
viding for the inspection of tobacco ; to ex
tend the immediate delivery system ; to in
crease the pension of soldiers who have
lost an arm or leg.
As Recently Illustrated in the Case of a
Prominent Senator.
Washington special : Thursday last was ,
ns will be remembered , rather a warm day.
The most phlegmatic individual could not
restrain the streams of perspiration which
trickled all over the body. A great , big ,
warm-blooded , impressive man , like Sena
tor Beck , was bound , under the most
favorable circumstances , to have a tough
time , but Mr.Beck was booked for aspeech
on the Morrison surplus resolution on that
day. He wanted to free his mind on cer
tain points , and it was then or never. So ,
up he got , and for about twenty minutes
the words rolled out of his mouth like a
torrent. His brawny fist pounded his desk
like the hammer of a blacksmith , and his
massive head shook vigorously and em
phaticallyWhen he had finished he was a
bight , indeed ; his collar had doubled up so
it looked like a narrow piece of wet tape tied
around h's neck. His shirt bosom was
sopping with perspiration. Great patches
came through and exhibited themselves all
over the back of his coat and his face was
ns though a heavy rain had run down it.
While he was thinking how uncomfortable
he felt , a page came and told him Mrs. Beck
was up in hia committee room and wanted
to see him. Wondering what could have
brought her from home "to-day. " he was
surprised , too , to see her taking from a
valise a change of nice cool linen. She told
him she had read in the morning paper ,
after he had left home , t hat be was going it
rjugh shod "for tlu > finance committee
amendment to the Morrison resolution. "
and as she knew the condition he would bo
in , she hastened to the capital with the
change. It did not take him very long to
strip and wash off the damigeandslip into
his clean linen. He then walked back to
the senate prouder than : i peacock , and for
the balance of the day his only topic of
conversation were the virtues and charms
of Kent iirkv wivps.
Fremont ( Ohio ) dispatch : Last evening
the editor of the Democratic Messenger re
quested an interview with ex-President
Hayes on the death of Mr. Tilden , but the
request was refused. This evening Mr.
Hayes addressed the following letter to tho
editor :
' 'Yourrcquest for an interview on the oc
casion of the death of Mr. Tilden was de
clined in accordance with my uniform habit
on the subject of interviews. I wish , how-
over , to say that there has been nothing in
the relations of Mr. Tilden and myself
which would prevent me from expressing
the sentiments and manifestations which
are natural and fitting on the death of a
political leader and statesman so distin
guished as Mr. Tilden. Sincerev ! ,
"R. B.'HAYES. "
LONDON , Aug. a The members of the Glad-
s'onian ministry surrendered their seals of
office to the new ministers. The members of
the two ministries lunched with the queen.
Lord Salisbury will remain a guest of the
queen until to-morrow.
The farewell to Lord and Lady Aberdeen in
Dublin to-day was phenomenal. All Dublin
was abroad and the enthusiasm was un
Lord Mayor Sullivan asked Lord Aberdeen I
to describe the scene to tbe queen and to tell
her that this was a "pale forecast of the re
ception she will receive when she comes in
person to restore to Ireland her ancient right
of self government. "
The address of the corporation to the retir
ing viceroy declared that nothing short of Mr.
Gladstone's measure would satisfy tbe Irish