McCook weekly tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 188?-1886, April 23, 1885, Image 3

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. Frnlt Trees Experiments In Fced-
Incr Swlnc.
.Fruit Trcca.
Priming should now bo completed
as quickly as possible , says a writer
in The Garden , as the sap is rapidly
rising , and bleeding will take place if
f the operation is longer deferred. Vines
suffer moro in this respect than most
things , except walnuts , which it is
best to leave till they have foliage on
them ; they may bo thinned out or
partly headed back with safety. If
vines are cut now , it is advisable to
touch the parts with styptic , which
stopo the pores and prevents loss of
strength. Apples in orchards are gen
erally left pretty much to themselves ,
which is a great mistake , as when al
lowed to got thick with wood it is im
possible for them to produce fine fruit ;
they may and generally do bear pro
fusely , but the apples are small and
poor in color. In order to expose
them to sunshine all branches should
bo removed that are misplaced or
crossing others , as well as any that
are caiikercd. If the latter is caused
by blight , as is generally the case ,
coat the bark with lime , which maybe
bo effected by using it fresh and hot ,
as a wash , pumped on by the aid of a
garden engine , which will throw it in
a regular stream , smother the insects ,
and make the trees healthy and clean ,
as the lime Avill kill and divest them of
all moss and lichen , however bad they
may be in that respect. The same re
marks apply to plums and damsons ,
and , independent of freeing them from
moss , it is always advisable to give
them a liming to prevent the buds
being eaten by birds. Blums , like
apples , arc greatly benefited by judi
cious thinning , and the object to be
aimed at is to have the branches reg
ular and well balanced all over the
head. Those on walls that are spurred
should be kept as close in as possible ,
and the same with cherries , apricots ,
and pears , which every year should
have some of the longest spurs re
duced , as there is generally more than
enough of blossom buds , and the
great point is to have these as near
the wall as it is possible to get them ;
if not. their flowers get injured by
cold winds and frosts.
Morel lo cherries bear on the 3Toung
shoots , but it is useless having these
thick , and the same with peaches and
nectarines , the proper distance apart
for which is from four to six inches ,
laid in all over the trees. In pruning
these , attention should be directed to
keeping them well furnished near the
base. In the management of peaches
and nectarines much depends on the
summer disbudding and keeping the
foliage free from insects. Figs need
but Tittle pruning. The point with
them to get them to bear freely is to
restrict growth by limiting their root
run. This is best done by concreting
and bricking them in , or planting in
the hardest and poorest of soils in
which there is a good admixture of
chalk , as than they make very short-
jointed shodi , " that become well rip
ened and studded with fruit. If
pruned at all it should be more in the
way of thinning than anything else ,
. so as to let in the full light and sun to
consolidate the pithy growth which
they make ; they * will then -endure
sharp frosts. Gooseberries , when
wanted for picking green , may be left
pretty thick , as then the bushes 3ield
more fruit , but if required for dessert ,
the shoots should not be nearer than
six inches , and left regular over the
bush. Red and white currents ought
'to have their branches from six inches
to nine inches apart , and be spurred
in close , and the leading shoots short
ened to about three inches , but black
currents bear from the young wood ,
and only need thinning. Raspberries
should have their canes reduced to
from three to five , according to their
strength , and shortened to about a
yard , a height at which they are more
manageable than higher. Half their
heads may be bent over from each
stool and tied at the points , when they
will stand fairly stiff without any
slakes. Another way of managing
raspberries is to plant or twist the
canes up by interlacing them from bottom
tom to top , and if then tied they will
support each other. Double-bearing
or autumn-fruiting kinds should be cut
quite down to the ground , as a sum
mer crop from them when the others
are in is of no value , and it only helps
to exhaust them. Forking or digging
the ground among raspberries is about
the worst thing that can be done for
them , as it disturbs and destroys many
of their roots , which a good mulching
of half-rotten manure fosters and en
courages to the great benefit of the
plants they are feeding. Instead of
disturbing the soil , it is far better teat
at once spread the manure and leave
it on , as not only does it act in the way
referred to , but it keeps out drought ,
and thus assists in producing fine
Feeding Swine.
The six pigs selected were of one
litter , three-quarters Berkshire , and
weighed February 2 , 1881 , 437J pounds.
Thev were given sweet skim milk and
shelled corn three times each day. In
this case no record of the quantity of
food consumed was made. They were
placed in a warm pen and given ary
bedding every other day. Care was
used not to overfeed. On February 26
they weighed 613 pounds , which is an
average gain of 29.2 pounds for each
pig for 24 days. It was very evident ,
judging from the appetite , that the
above growth could have been kept up
for several months.
About the same time I conducted an
experiment , keeping an accurate rec
ord of the" quantity of corn consumed
by hogs , averaging at the beginning
211J pounds. At the expiration of 12
da3s they had consumed 23 bushels
and 47 pounds of shelled corn. The
gain during this time was 303 pounds ,
or an average of 15.1 pounds for each
hog for 12 days. This is an average
of 12.67 pounds of pork per bushel of
dry corn. In this case it was evident
that the above gain could not have
been kept up for any great length of
No scientific comparison between
these experiments can be made , and
yet , judging of effects on the constitu
tion of these hogs , I am convinced
that it is impossible to continue feeding a
\ .
dry corn and water for any great length
of time and make as much money as
was made during the time the above
experiment was conducted. When
pork is worth say four cent , I am. of
the opinion wo should add at least ten
cents per 100 pounds to the real value
of skim milk for feeding swine. At
present I have about 320 pounds of
skim milk per day for thirty-fiveshoats
weighing 110 to 120 pounds. When
weather is warm I dilute this with
about two to four pails of water and
add twenty to forty pounds heavy
shorts. J. N. Muncey , in Naliona
Farm and Garden.
England will spend S10 ,000,000 for
American apples this year.
First class cows can be raised cheap
er than they can bo purchased. In
fact it is the only way to secure a prime
A New York horticultural society
recommends putting a teaspoonf'ul of
sulphur about the roots of the cabbage
plants when set , as a remedy for club
At the New York Experiment Sta
tion a Jersey cow refused for thirty-six
hours to eat stale brewers' grains
This is good enough evidence that her
"head was level. "
It is found by experiment that while
the different forms of commercial pot
ash increase the crop of potatoes they
impair the quality , making the tubers
watery and spongy.
A couple of ounces of carbolic acid
to three quarts of water sprinkled in
the poultry house from a small water
ing pot , once or twice a month , will
destroy lice and other parasites.
President Lyon , speaking of the
peach yellows" , says : "Wherever the
disease attacks the extremity of the
longest limbs , the tree is doomed , and
the only safe way is to destroy it. "
Light , friable soil should he rolled
before putting in the seed and after
ward. Nothing is better for the gar
den than well rotted stable manure.
Hog manure 'proves detrimental to
Sheep should have their feet trim
med twice a year , says an exchange.
If they are not trimmed , the hoof
curies under at the edes and retains
a mass of filth and dirt , which is apt
to cause footrot.
Galvanized wire netting can now bo
obtained for one cant per square foot ,
and as it is more easily converted into
fence than is lumber , and is at the
same time more durable , more of it is
being used this year for poultry yards
than ever before.
Good cows are always in demand ,
but fresh cows always command
higher prices from the first of Janu
ary to the first of May , than at any
other season , and it is well to so man
age your herd that the heifers and
cows which you may have for sale will
calve within this time.
Tlie American Cultivator says : "It is
scarcely possible for grain to stool
much on very poor soil. Wo can get
but few heads from a seed , and these
need , therefore , to be sown more
thickly to make a crop than on laud
where a large number'of heads may
be expected from a single plant. "
A veteran sheep-breeder in western
Massachusetts thinks the remedy for
the disease in sheep known as grub in
the head , is plenty of grub in the
stomach. He thinks healthy sheep
have maggot in the head , and when
not properly cared for , the grub gets
the better of them , and the result is
It is estimated that fully fifteen mil
lion gallons of amber cane syrup were
made m 1884. Of this a very small
proportion went on the market. Prob
ably three-fourths was made for farm
ers who grew small patches of cane
and had it manufactured into syrup
for themselves and neighbors.
Beets and turnips raised by phos
phate are not disfigured by a growth
of coarse , straggling roots , which so
much affect their market value , but
are smooth and attractive in appear
ance. Superphosphate of lime in
creases the yield of potatoes , with
proper cultivation , and the tubers are
rarely , if ever , affected by the scab.
A correspondent of The New York
Tribune says sour land is not indicated
by a growth of sorrel , but by coarse
herbage or unhealthy looking moss on
the surface. Draining is the best cure
for sour land , and when this is done ,
a dressing of lime will help to decom
pose the coarse vegetable matter and
bring the soil to a fertile state.
In breaking the fresh heifers to
milk , the farmer does well to attend to
it himself , and use the utmost gentle
ness and kindness towards the timid
and oftentimes nervous brute. Viciousness -
iousness , which is sometimes exhib
ited at this time , is almost always the
product of fear either for herself or
offspring , and can be overcome by gen
A correspondent of The Country
Gentleman says that in Ohio at pres
ent it would have paid farmers § 1 per
bushel for all the corn fed had they
fed their sheep early and made them
fat for the winter market. He says
he has found by experience and obser
vation that it is never a good plan to
sell stock of any kind when it is unu
sually low.
The American Cultivator says that
in planting- apple seeds it is important
to get a vigorous growth the first
year , as on that the number of roots
to be grafted depends. The seeds
should * be planted early on well-ma
nured ground and as free from weeds
as possible. The young plants re
quire nearly as close care and hand-
weeding as onions.
Sheep should not be housed in large .
numbers under the same roof , says the ;
American Sheep Breeder. The breath
of so many together poisons the air , "
and renders it noxious to breathe. A
practical shepherd estimates that not
more than fifty should be stabled un
der the same roof. It is much better >
to build several small sheds at con
venient points than one large building.
Dr. Voelcker found that the aver
age weight of clover roots on an acre
was about three tons , and that this ;
furnised about 100 pounds of availa
ble nitrogen , the most stimulating of
all manures. This is one reason why
clover sod plowed under is such
Sfood preparation for a wheat crop.
When a clover sod does not bring
good wheat it is a sign that the soil
tacks phosphates.
In new settlements the pioneers in
variably select first the high dry land
as most valuable. It is less liable to
malaria than the swamps , though
the worst fever and ague is generally
found on sandy soil adjoining wet low
lands. .After clearing and draining
the black swamp soil is almost always
found to be most valuable. Its fer
tility endures the longest under culti
The Hani Sandwich.
The ham sandwich is an institution
of comparatively modern times. The
Bible speaks of Ham , 'tis true , but not
the kind we encounter between the
slabs of bread and biscuit of this nine
teenth century.
Poets have sung the praises of woman
and wine , but until now no writer has
extolled the merits of the ham sand-
wieh , or tried to elevate it to that
higher sphere where it properly be
longs in the esteem of the community.
Where it first lived , moved and had
its being , I am unable at this moment
to tell , there being no reliable author
ity upon the subject , but it probably
first saw the light of day somewhere
in New England , and the man who
first conceived the brilliant idea of a
ham sandwich , should have his
name preserved in the pickle of un
dying glory , and have a race horse or
pi-aino city named after him to per
petuate his memory.
It has taken a stronghold upon the
appetite and affections of its country
men , and in return the appetite of a
grateful nation takes a strong hold
upon it when they cannot get any
thing better. It is the friend of rich
nnd "poor alike the savior of the poori
ly-paid clerk , laborer and mechanic ,
and it is the shrine at which the free1
lunch liend and impecunious sport
smack their lips in worship. It is the
life and soul of the picnic and sur
prise party and fishing excursions. It
plays an important part in the ro
mance of every man who carries a
lunch , and at the gay and festive wake
it is always a welcome visitor.
Over the ham sandwich and a glass
of beer the aristocrat unbends the
knee of dignity and lovingly wipes his
nose across the face of his plebian
brother , as in peace and love they dis
cuss the current topics of the day , and
E think that with proper training and
education it could be made to act as a
kind of mediator or Peace Congress in
welding warlike nations together in a
bond of peace and mutual love.
It long ago took the place of the
newspaper in supplying the "long-felt
want , " and while the patent outside
turns up its toes and its nose grows
cold in death , the people of this free
and glorious country will sing its
phrases and shout , "long may it
wave. "
Its immense popularity has caused
the demand to exceed the supply. At
least I have found it so in all boarding
houses at which I have ever lived.
Unscrupulous parties have tried to
cast a slur upon its fair name by plac
ing upon the market a base imitation. . .
At the railway restaurant
they gave ( '
us , as the simon pure article of the old ,
original Jacobs stamp , only a plaster
Paris biscuit , between the slices of
which nestles a thin sliver of common
red brick. The attention of our legis
lators should at once be called to this
evil , for if it continues , many oi us
who may yet be shining lights in so
ciety and states prison will die of what
the doctors call phthisis psoriasis
( hog Latin for I-know not what. ) .
This is an age of deceit , and fraud
stalks abroad throughout the land at
tired in the seersucker coat and plug
hat of innocence. Our whisky is dilu
ted with kerosene and fusil oil , our
codfish balls are not up to the stand
ard of what a cod-fish ball ought to
be , or was in the good old days of
General Jackson and cheap rum. In
fact nearly every article of bric-a-brac
that is swallowed up in the grave of
the human stomach is stuffed full of
total depravity. But , great heavens !
readers , when they descend so low as
to fiddle with the purity of that great
emblem of American ingenuity , pro
gress and appetite , the ham sandwich ,
it is time for you and I and every
other genuine hog to get up and howl
with anguish. It is a direct blow at
the most sacred of our institutions ,
and a slap in the iace of advancing
civilization , and I am glad that the
President has taken into his Cabinet a
man who will be keenly alive to the
welfare and interests of our "Interior"
The man , who for the sake of gaining - ?
ing a few paltry millions , will delib- .
fraud as the railroad ham sandwich
ought to be compelled to eat one 1
aye , even two of them.
The Bible asserts that it was a stone dt
with which David put Goliath out in
the first inning. This proves that the fi
ham sandwicu has not been handed
down to us as a relic of the dark ages , ' "
for had the railroad sandwich then Sjc
been established , David would never c
liave selected a stone with which to
lay the giant out.
"Having , I trust . . , placed it _ upon the _ ,
footing where it properly belongs , I fc jj
modestly make my bow and retire fcfii
upon my laurels won as its champion fiiP1
whooper-up. George Swartwout in P1
Peck's Sun.
Dogs at the White House. §
Many who came in early noticed
three forlorn looking dogs on the front
portico , who stood there a while P1
.vatching the crowd squeezing through
he door and then scampered oil in ai
different directions. One is the famous oi
"yellow dog" that made his reappear tlid
ance after four years , just before the d
nauguration , in company with another w
mngry specimen , and the third a tall ra
lack animal , that looks as if he had oi
seen better days , joined the delegation oiT
on the fifth. Since then this trio have oi
ived at the White House that is to w
say , they sleep in a hedge of bushes fete
hat protect the marble fountain just toTl
n front of the house , and ar > ply regu- Tl
arly each night at the kitchen doors fodi
down stairs for rations. Letter to Philadelphia di
adelphia Times. fi ]
A Mifllin county , Pennsylvania , man
throw up a live toad.
There are several cases of small-pox
at Nanaimo , British Columbia.
Washoo county , .Nevada , has pro
duced a chicken with three logs.
The Hudson river ice crop , will reach
i.000,000 tons this year , the largest ov
er known.
At the Sitka Indian school there has
been a row and most of the pupils left
in a body.
Twentj'-ono marriages are booked
for Easter week at one church in Pa-
latka , Fla.
. Almonds and strawberries in Napa
valley , Gal. , show signs of early and
extensive yields.
An observing traveler states that in
proportion to its size there are more
idle men in Eureka , Gal. , than m any
other place on the Pacific coast.
, Those now in Lonuon who were hero
during the war sny the excite
ment and constant extras , cried some
times up to midnight , recall to them
vividly 1862-5.
Mr. Roebling , the engineer , says
that heavy engines and cars must not
be run over the Brooklyn bridge , as
the cables have on them all the load
the * ought to curry.
Mad dogs recently became so num
erous in some parts of Alabama that
schools in one county were obliged to
suspend , as itwas considered dangerous
to have pupils abroad.
The Boston Transcript sa\s that the
line of perpetual pie must now bo
drawn to include Greelc3r , Col. , where
thc3T served fort3-livo varieties of the
edible at a dinner lately.
The Brooklyn bridge earns an aver
age of § 47,000 a month , or 615,000
more than expenses , but electricity as
motive power and rapid transit in
Brookl3ru may increase its receipts lo
8100,000 a month , at least half of it
not profit.
During the recent trial for polv'-
gamy of one of Brigham Young's sons
in the United States court at Salt
Lake , his second wife testified that
with the exception of coming to her
room once or twice a week to wind up
the clock he had never visited her.
We had in 1880 nearly 2,000,000
"common laborers. ' ' The number of
clergymen in 1880 was 61,000 , against
43,000 in 1870 ; the number of lawyers
64,000 in 1880 , 40,000 m 1870 ; the num
ber of pli3sician increased during the
decade from 62,000 to 86,000. In 1880
there were 4,800 actors and 12,000 jour
nalists in the countiy.
A little girl in Pennsylvania who
had listened to a temperance address
for the first time in her life was so
impressed and interested that she
went home and wrote out the follow
ing rather novel pledge : "I promise
not to drink rum , or wine , or brander \ - .
or smoke , or swear , or cider eitheiC"
She signed it , and got several of her
playmates to sign it also.
The mother of a family consisting
of two grown-up daughters , living in
Joflstown , N. H. , recently died , and
when the undertaker came to perform
his duties the father was asked the
.name of his wife. His reply was :
-'Mother. " No other name could he
remember , and the daughters were
equall3T ignorant , having never known
their parent by any other name than
'Mother. "
It is a curious institution , the bod3
known as the common council or
board of aldermen of New York.
There members in-
are twenty-five , -
pluding the president , who is elected
.oy voters of the city at large. Of
these fourteen are county democrats ,
seven are republicans , and but four
Tammany hall followers. All of the
members wear stove-pipe hats , kid
gloves , and jewelry.
In boring a salt well at East Aurora ,
N. Y. , a bed of solid salt sixty-five
feet thick has been struck. This find
is said to upset the theories of scien
tists the salt-beds of
regarding - west
ern New York. Down to the depth of
1,350 feet the geological formations
are reported to be almost identical
with those of the oil regions in Penn
sylvania. At this depth the bed of
salt was struck. The brine stands in
the well several hundred feet aeep , and
is rich in salt , a quantity evaporated
yielding 50 per cent.
The "law of the road , " as under
stood in Pennsylvania , was laid down
by Judge Biddle of the common pleas
court of Philadelphia a few da3s ago.
It is to the effect that persons meeting
on the highway must each keep to the
right. This rule is modified in the
case of a footman or a horseman , who
can not compel a teamster who has a
heavy load to turn out of the beaten
track , or even a light wagon with a
heavy draught. If a horseman or light
vehicle can pass with safety on the
left of a heavily-laden team it is their
duty to give wa3r and leave the choice
to the more unwieldy vehicle.
Some years ago a law was enacted
fixing a license tax upon all foreign
corporations ' doing business in Penn
sylvania. The object aimed at was to
collect < revenue from parties in compe
tition with local manufactories which
taxed "The intention "
were heavily , ,
says The Philadelphia Press , ' -was good ,
but ] as a matter of fact , a number of
foreign corporations maintained of
fices in this state chiefly for the pur
pose of purchasing supplies of articles
manufactured here , and the effect of
the law has been to drive them away
and take the trade , amounting to over
1,000,000 annually , to other locali
ties. "
Among recent inventions is an im
proved cab , for which various advant
ages over other vehicles of the kind
are claimed. The front is a projecting
one , and presents a three-sided figure ,
the center being straight and the
doors on the sides , opening toward the
wheels , the side springs being so ar
ranged that the doors may be readily
opened wide without interference"
The springs extend beyond the hinges
the doors to near the front of the
wheels , and are supported at their
forward ends by goosenecks attached
the rocker frame of the carriage. a
The vehicle is low hung , and so far
forward on the axle that , whh the
driver's seat arranged behind , it is
finely balanced.
Cutting : Bones with an Electric Siuv Curva
tures of the Legs and Arms of an Italian
Chllil Successfully Reduced.
A novel bone-cutting instrument
has been used in the wards of the city
hospitals on Randall's island and at
the orthopedic clinic of the Now York
post-graduate medical school and hos
pital in East Twentieth street , for
several months. It has been employed
in performing operations for the cure
of various bony deformities and dis
eases of joints , and has proved to bo of
such great utility that it will doubtless
supersede all other instruments now
used for these purposes. The object
that the mvcJntor of this instrument
had in view was to do away with the
bungling and unworkmanlike methods
which surgeons have been forced to
employ , and more particularly to
make it unnecessary to resort to the
revolting method of using the mallet
and chisel upon human beings. The
new instrument is called the elcctro-
ostcotomo and is actuated by a cur
rent of electricity derived from a pow
erful primary battery or from an ac
cumulator. It is provided with vari
ous sizes of trephines , drills and
circular saws , which are made to re
volve at the great speed of twelve thou
sand revolutions a minute. The larg
est long bone of an adult subject can
bo sawed through in five seconds , and
the bones of children can be divided
in from two to three seconds. The cut
surfaces of the bones arc perfectly
smooth , and are in marked contrast
to the bruised and splintered ends of
those dividtid by the chisel and mallet.
Few persons have seen or heard of
this novel surgical invention , as the
only instrument made has remained
in possession of the inventor and has
never been used except by him. lie
has refrained from urging its claims
upon the profession until he had thor
oughly demonstrated its utility. So
far he has performed fifty-one distinct
operations upon living subjects , and a
great advantage has been gained by
its use in each case.
A formidable operation was to be
performed upon a patient at Randall's
island , last week , with the electro-
osteotome , and a reporter called upon
the inventor and obtained his permis
sion to witness the operation.
When the preparations were com
pleted a nurse came in with a horribly-
deformed Italian girl in her arms ,
who had been divested of her clothing
and was crying vociferously , as if ex
pecting the ordeal through which she
was to pass. She is live 3ears old , and
possesses the bright black 0303 , rudy
cheeks , and perfect teeth peculiar to
mam * of her race. Her name is Madej
lina Picchiclla. Nearly every bone in
her body was out of 'line , especially
the long bones of her legs and arms ,
the collar-bones and ribs. The bones
of the arm. between the shoulder and
elbowjoint were curved like a btfw.
and those of the forearm , between the
elbow and wrist joint , were subject tea
a double curvature resembling the
letter S. The curvature just above
the wrist was so great that the hands
instead of being m a line with the
forearm was almost at right angles to
it. These deformities were produced
by the peculiar modes of progression
adopted by the child during a period
when her bones were greatty weaken
ed by disease. The bones of the leg
were still more deformed than those
of the arms. In crawling upon her
hands and knees the soles of her feet
were turned up so that they were in a
line with the legs instead of being at
right angles to them as tliC3' would be
in a normal condition. The bones of
each leg were curved so abruptly
backward just above the ankle joint
that when the child was in a sitting
posture , the soles of her feet rested
squarely upon the table. She was
not able to stand for an instant , even
with assistance. With these pronounc
ed deformities uncorrected the patient
would have been doomed to a helpless
existence , and the problem which pre
sented itself was to reduce the curva
tures , and bring the bones of the limbs
into straight lines. As a precautiona -
measure , all the ph3siciuns who were
to take part in the operation bathed
their hands in a solution of corrosive
sublimate , and the legs and
arms of the patient were washed
with the same solution. A mem
ber of the house staff took an
ether cone made of coth , sprinkled
some ether into it , and pressed it
down over the child's face. Her strug
gles and cries grew less and less , until
she became unconscious. To force
the blood out of the leg selected for
the first operation , so that no hemorr
hage would take place , a strong rub
ber bandage was around the limb , be
ginning at the toes , and going to the
upper part of the thigh. At this point
a rubber tube was firing * tied around
the thigh , and the bandage unwound ,
leaving the leg free. Taking a small
scalpel , Dr. Roberts made a longi
tudinal division , as cut in the skin and
flesh , overling the tibia , or long bone
of the leg , at the point of its greatest a
deformity. After the flesh was dis o
sected away a little , two flat strips of rC
curved steel wore introduced at right C
angles to the bone and between it and elei
the muscles , nerves , and blood vessels ei
adjacent to it. By means of these ird
protectors , the soft parts were pressed d
out ] of the wa3' and the bone brought tl
plainly into view. In performing sim 1
ilar operations with the chisel no de SJ
vice for protecting the soft parts have le
ever been used , and not frequently tl
death has resulted from injuries re - la
ceivcd b3 * the patient. In order to t <
straighten the bone it was necessary E
to remove a wedge-shaped piece from tc
its proper dimensions. The Italian 11
attendant formed a connection be fr
tween the battery and the electro- frB
osteotomn , which was suspended by a 18
coiled spring over the operating table. on
Dr. Roberts then grasped his instru tt
ment , completed the electrical current &
by means of a switch , and brought V (
the whirling saw into contact with the m
exposed bone. The saw was given a C
diagonal direction and passed through re
the bone in about two seconds. The rem
second division of this bone was in se
clined toward the first so as to remove cc
wedge-shaped piece , the base of ai
which was on the convex side of .the aigi
bone , and when the cut ends of the a
bone were brought together the de C (
formity of the tibia was entirely cor- F
reeled. AD incision was then made
on the opposite side of the log for the
purpose of operating upon the fibula , ,
or small bone of the leg. To reach ,
this bone it wa § necessary to cut down
upon its concave aspect. The pro
tecting protractors were introduced as
before and a wedge-shaped piece saw
ed out with the osteotome , but itjstoad
of being cut at the base of the wedge ,
as in the first instance , the two cuts ,
were made lit the apex of it so that
thny inclined away from each
other. The removal of two such
wedge-shaped pieces with any form
of a chisel is an absolute impossibility.
By placing the cut ends of both bones
in opposition the deformity of the log1
was entirely reduced and the foot instead - |
stead of being in a linn with the log )
was now at right angles to it , the
position required in walking. The
piece of rubber tubing which had been
tied around the thigh was now remov
ed and the blood allowed to How back
into the limb , and the wound examin
ed to see if any hemorrhage would
take place. Unly n slight amount of
blood oozed out , and alter irrigating
the part operated upon by allowing v.
stream of corrosive sublimate to flow
upon it from a small rubber hose the
incisions were sewed up by Dr. Hallo-
well , with a cat-gut thread. A splint
of gutta percha was softened with hot
water and applied upon the posterior
and lateral aspects of the limb and se
cured in this position by bandages.
The splint was hardened by the appli
cation of asceptic icn water , so that it
would retain the cut ends of the bones
against each other until they bccamo
grown together. A pad of gauze , pre
pared with corrosive sublimate was
placed over each incision in the soft
parts and a quantity of jute was
bound upon this with a muslin baud-
age. This completed the operation on
the left .limb.
A similar operation was performed
upon the right leg and the deformity
in the bones of both forearms were
also reduced by removing wedge-
shaped pieces just above the wrist
joint. After having removed a wedge
i'roui one of the bones of the forearm
it was found necessary for more ac
curate adjustment to cut out : ai addi
tional segment. This was easily ac-
comulishod by the use of the circular
saw. Altogether fifteen distinct di
visions ot the bones of the legs and
arms of the patient were made during
the operation. She bore the operation
remarkably well , and when she was
allowed to come out from under the
influence of the ether , she answered
questions readily. The reporter made
inquiries yesterday regarding the con
dition of MadclinaPicchiella , an.l was
informed that she was doing finely ,
that the reaction after the operation
was astonishingly slight , and that her
evening temperature forty-eight hounj
after the ouoration was only 101 2-10.
Her recovery is thought to be certain.
New York Tribune.
Divorced Ten Years After Death.
In 1874 John Summers , formerly a
private in the 109th Regiment J J w
iTork Volunteers-died in the Ovid In
sane Asylum. Ho was : i pensioner at
the time of his death. Ills mother ,
Mrs. L. A. Summers a very respecta
ble and industrious lady I'csiding in
Groton , applied for a pension because
of his services and duath. After his
proofs were in she was met by the ob
stacle that her sou left a wife who was
entitled to the pension. She consult
ed Judge A. P. Smith , of this village ,
who brought an action in the Supreme
Court in her name to annul the mar
riage , on the ground that her
son was insane at the time of-
its solemnization. In this ac
tion he succeeded in obtaining *
a divorce. The Pension Department - .
partment refused to recognize a diverse -
verse obtained ten years after the
death of the party. Judge Smith went
to Washington last July and argued
the case before the department , and
showed the Commissioner of Pensions
that the law was as he claimed. It was
then objected that there was no con- *
nectlon between a bullet wound and
the insanity or consumption of which
he died , judge Smith'went to Groton
and Ithaca and obtained medical testi
mony satisfactory lo the department ,
and last week Mrs. Summers received
notice that her pension was allowed ,
giving her over $1,000 back pension
and § 8 a month during life. While
the case settles an important question
of great interest , the friends of Mrs.
Summers will feel a peculiar gratifi
cation that so worthy a lady has at last
secured justice in the face of such
serious and apparently insurmountable
obstacles. Cortland News.
Christening Eugenie's Baby
The secret papers of the Second Em
pire give an account of the expendi
ture on the occasion of the birth and
baptism of the Prince Imperial. Med
als in diamonds head the list , at a cost
of : 25,000 francs. Doctors and midwives
received 68,000 francs. The wardrobe
cost ( 100,000 francs. The several soci
eties of dramatic authors and compos
ers , men of letters , dramatic artists ,
musicians , painters and sculptors , in
dustrial inventors and medical men of
the Department of the Seine received
10,000 ( francs each. Ninety-three thou
sand francs were given to the benevo
lent "bureaus" of the Department of
the Seine and of the communes in which
lay the estates of the Crown. The
"agents of the interior service" of the
Empress received gratifications equal
four months' wages , amounting to
11,000 francs. Forty-four thousand
francs were allotted to giving gratis
performances at the theaters on March
, 1856. The parents of children born
the 16th of that month shared among
them 50,000 francs. For medals to be
given to authors and composers of
verses and cantate addressed to their
majesties , and to the pupils at the Ly-
cees , 85,000 francs were allowed. The
relatives of the godchildren of taeir
majesties received 20,000 francs. The
service of the stables for the baptismal
cortege is set down at 172,000 francs ,
and 160,000 francs were distributed in
gratifications to the hired servants of
their majesties' household. The total
comes to the sum of 898,000 francs.
Frank Leslie's Weekly.