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About McCook weekly tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 188?-1886 | View Entire Issue (Nov. 27, 1884)
11LK OLD HOMESTEAD.
'Twos when the sunset flushes
Glided the dear old homo , . .
" ' eolcmtf * * te *
"When twilight's husHes
Dodo holy memories come.
Wo lingered , fondly turning :
Toward the spot wo lovca BO well ,
"VVliu stfd and tender yearnlnprr '
To say our last farewell.
No more for us tbo garden
And love wrca het } rooms to roam ,
Tlio Btranircthere. . Is'warden.
No. no , 'tis hot.h&borne ! ;
* * ,
It hatli no memories bringing- ;
For him Joy kin to pain , .
For him no echoes rinKin ? t
Shftll'bHnK'tho * loyea again. * r-v > ,
* " - * * V * * * * * * . i '
Sweet nomo. flcir home , o'crflowlng1
* SVith precious memories , -
Not Ufa In all Its going
Shall bring more blest than these.
1 ' f. " < 5 "
A dear , bright plcture.cver , * "
As then , when sunset fed ,
Youth glided , thou < forever
We'll love : sweet homo , farewell.
AUNT . .
Detroit Free Press.
Aunt Dinah was very short and very
fat. In fact so obese was she that when
she waddled down the streets of Live
Oak she looked like an animated bale
of cotton tied in the middle with a piece
of ribbon , and topped off with an ec
centric red head''kerchief.
So fat was she that , unlike others of
her race , and also , for that matter , of
the Caucasian , the hot weather did not
bring from her sooty individuality wa
ter by way of perspiration , but evolved
a distinct- outpouring and suggestive
smell of frying grease.
Aunt Dinah was very black. Her
complexion had been deepened by the
turmoil of some 50 years until it was
like the shadow of a midnight storm ,
black , gloomy and peculiar. But this
darkness and gloom that might other
wise have exercised a depressing effect
upon humanity in. general .and children
in particular , was contradicted by a
pair of the kindest eyes ever placed in
such dark setting.
Aunt Dinah's eyes were a revelation
worth going miles to see , so good
humored , so tender and beneficient were
they in all theirvaried lights and shad
ows. They were true windows of her
soul , which was as clean as a little
child's , and they represented a heart
overJlowing with hearty good will
toward all the world , save only and ex
cept her husband.
That vague , restless and uncertain
person had no share in the argess of her
The chateau of our friend Aunt Dinah
was about r two miles from town , and
had aneatand cosy appearance that
attracted the'admrfatioh of lesthetic in
dividuals who chanced to pass that
way. It was located about 300 yards
from the country road , built of hewn
Jogs , the style of architecture notbeing
laid down in any established text book.
It consisted of two Inrge rooms , a
rude fire-place in each. The furniture
was of primitive but comfortable dV
scription , " and everything about the
house was as clean as soap and water
could make it.
In front of the house was a pond ,
covering about half an acre of ground ,
lined onthree sides with dwarf oaks
and persimmon trees. The side front
ing the house was open , and a well-
worn path' led to it. It was ornamented
and glorified by a rustic bench , on
which usually reposed two immense
.The pond was a beautiful sheet of
water , covered with green "bonnets , "
interspersed with broken rails , and an
occasional defunct chicken. Its bottom
was a deliciously soft arid slimy black
mud , through which deadly snakes
glided and glode.
From the broken rails plethoric turtles
of different genesis dozed in the blazing
sunshine , or cast inquiring glances over
the surrounding landscape *
Oncein awhile some" adventurous
heron , long of bill and white of plum
age , would drift down among the
"bonnets , " dive and delve a little in
the mud and water , and then resume
his aimless "wandering.
Back of the house was an acre of
garden , a mass of long cellards , pota
toes and other vegetables. There was
a chicken-coop and'pig-pen outside the
garden , the division line of these being
a huge live-oak. One of its huge roots ,
tired of the gloom and shadow of its
life below , had crawled out upon the
sward , and , proud of the light and sun ,
had developed into a comfortable seat.
Here was Aunt Dinah's favorite resting
place when the shadows of the night
< came down and the labors of the day
Here she could commune with na
ture , listen to the mysterious whisper
ing among the mighty pines around her
and make up her mind as to which
chicken she would kill when the preach
er made his next parochial visit.
Tumbled and rolled in the dust be
fore her , or , leaning against her capa
cious knees , drifted off into dreamland
Cuffee , aged 10 , and Lillie , aged 6 , ;
pledges of love left in her care by that
third husband , whose No. 14 feet never
more strayed toward that Lttlc cabin
Aunt Dinah was a washerwoman by
profession , and a right good one , too.
Her clientage embraced a goodly portion
tion of the town and from her lines
dangled the incomprehensible garments
of the belles , the elaborate toggery of
the beaux , as well as the anromantic
but highly useful equipments of the
fathers of the hamlet.
Six days in the week , or rather the
a. m's of those days , Aunt Dinah stood
at the wash-tub with its coronal of soap
suds , batting stick in hand , engaged in
the work of cleanliness , and as she
worked she sang with resounding mel
"I's a sheep wants washin' ,
I's a sheep wants washin' ,
I's a sheep wants washin' ,
In de sabin pool. "
Cuffee and Lillie spread the clothes to
dry , .worked in the garden and made
themselves' generally usetul in many
Meanwhile Aunt Dinah was very hap
py. Her garden flourished and gave
forth in abundance. Her hens had laid
< jo-gs regardless of the falling market ,
and her pigs gathered the fat to their
ribs as if they had the exigencies of the
winter full in view.
The honest homely labor of her skilled
hands clothed and fed her family better
than some white families were fed , and
allowed her many luxuries , little delica
cies that the African palate does so
v ' * * * * " " * *
' Thcro'had been a stranger -vessel in
the little cabin at one time in the shape
of Mr. , 'Lige Parks , who had married
Aunt Dinah after a brief but enthusiastic
He had loafed pnher sublime patience
for * nearlysiey i7ycJrs 30JngnoLhing
but eat and sleep , until at last she had
literally driven him out of the house.
He had departed with a vague threat
of making lier sorry , and had been
heard of but once since"aniHhenut was
not entirely unconnected with hog steal
ing in South Florida. ;
"A nasty , lazy , trifflin' , pot-licker
nigger , " said Aunt Cinah to me once in
a moment of confidence , "endurance
ob de time he libed wid me , he didn't
airn ten dollahs. I was glad ter git
shet'ob him. " - >
On Sundays Aunt Dinah quit all
work. After an early breakfast she
dressed herself and the children , clean
ly and neatly , and locking up her
house , went to church. Only when the
preacher was to take dinner with her
did she remain at home.
Then Cuffee was sent to church alone ,
to return at 1 o'clock p. m. with a port
ly individual dressed in greasy black ,
surmounted by a silk hat that had ap
parently done duty in more than one
procession before it reached its saintlier -
"On these occasions a glance .at the
dinner table would have easily decided
the inquiry as to which destroys the
most chickens , preachers or.owls ? "
Riding by one day I found Aunt
Dinah more than usually happy. Her
broad face was wreathed in smiles , and
Cuffee and Lillie were grinning in di
"Why , you look as happy as a lark ,
Aunt Dinah , " said I. "What has hap
pened ? Has the parson asked you to
marry him , or has somebody handed
you a bill that you never expected to
get ? Why you are postively getting
young again. Now if you'd only fat
ten up a little "
"Yah ! yah ! yah ! G'long wid dat fool
ishness , " she replied , her fat sides shak
ing with merriment. "I dunne what I'd
dp cf E fatter. ' '
got any Wha' fo' you
tintl want annuder man aroun' me fo' ?
DCS to eat up all my taters , an' collards
and chickens ? I's had three men , I has ,
an' don' want no mo' . Cuff , go show
de Cap'pen de turkey yer mar bought
Cuffee , smiling , led the way to a large
coop built against the side of the chick
en house , near the front andr only door.
Aunt Dinah , wringing- the suds from
her hands , 'had 'quickly followed and
"now assumed direction of affairs. With
a queenly gesture she bade me look.
It was a lordly turkey , sure enough.
Atlarge , black gobbler , resplendent in
lustrous plumage , and the reddest of all
red neck , and head gear. "This is a
noble bird , A'unty , " said I. "Iexpect
you want to selfcit , ehWhat'will you
take for it ? " She turned fromme , in
an indignant manner , highly amusing ,
'while Cuff an Lil'set up an'outcry of
"Don' sell him , mammy , don't sell
him. " "Hush dat noise , chillen. I'se
much obleeged to "you , Cap'pen , but I
got dat ar turkey fer my own dismorse-
men" and I'se gwineter habJiimlermy
Tankgibin' dinnah , sah , " and she turn
ed away from me in an absurdly majes-
"Ohl'Ibeg yonr par'don.-Auntie , "
hastened to apologize. "I hope you
will have a-pleasant time , and if you
send Cuffee around the day before , I'll
give you enough apples to make a pie
almost as big as yourself. "
The clouds fled ; all was smiles again.
The children resumed their frolic. Aunt
Dinah went back to her tub of steaming
clothes , and as far as I could hear came , .
lier jubilant voice '
- ' - "My wool'is gettin'white ,
My wool is gettin * white ,
My wool is gettiu' white.
In de sabin' pool. "
You will all remember that the night
before Thanksgiving , 1883 , was a very
lark night. The moon was in the
sulks , and the stars were invisible.
Ehe only planet to be seen was the star
in the Town Marshal's coat.
Shortly after midnight a strange fig
ure skulked and crawled around the
place. The figure was that of a tall ,
ingainly negro , as dark as the shadows
unong which he was moving. In his
land he carried a large fowl , indistin
guishable in the darkness.
Reaching the coop , this stealthly fig-
ire cautiously tore out' one of the slats
ind quickly made a transfer. Replac-
ng the slat carefully and firmly , he
apidly crept away.
Thanksgiving morning dawned bright P
ind cool and pleasant. a
The air , crisp with a slight suspicion h
> f frost , brought a glow to the cheeks b :
f Aunt Dinah and her children
> as they
itepped out into the yard. Pa
"Now , chillen , " said the good old Ptl
soul , "bring me dat ax , fer I'm gwine tl
kill de . " tlOJ
er turkey. OJ
Cuffee brought the ax , and the pro- OJd
jession formed and proceeded to the it
Hardly glancing where the faint out- tc
ines of the turkey were visible , she
laid : " I c.
"Fotch him outen dat coop , Cuffee. " ai
The boy , with a grin of delight on aibi
lis shining face , put in his hand and , bi
if ter a short skirmish , brought out it
A howl of grief and despair came ithi
rom both children as they dropped the hi
owl on the ground , while Aunt Dinah , fa
vith distended eyes , screamed :
"Done conju'd ! done conju'd ! Dat
> le wftch woman down de creek done ot
' " otw
lonju'd-me ! w
In place of the fine fat gobbler that
lad been at once their glory and their w
ride , was a wretched , half-starved
The knowledge of courtesy and good
nanners is a very necessary duty. It m
3 , like grace and beauty , that which w !
tegets liking and an. inclination to love us
ne another at the first sight , and in the usm
Beginning of an acquaintance a famili- be
rity ; and consequently , that which to
rst opens the door , and introduces us tom
a better ourselves by the examples of pt
thers , if there be anything in the soci-
ty worth taking notice of. Montaigne. an
A splinter of a deer's hoof , with or
owerful microscopes and polarized pii
ght , is as wonderful to see as arain- no
ow. . nom <
8orhunias _ afro/liable Crop.
' Sorghum growing should receive the
attention of every fanner whpH grows
corn. Although , a source from which
sugar may be obtained , sorghum is also
profitable for its fodder andfseed alone ,
and when the farmers begin to realize
the value of the ground seed as food for
stock it will be a regular crop wherever
it can be produced. Dr , Collier , the
late chemist of the agricultural depart
ment , states that sorghum can be grown'
in any climate , or on any soil that pro
duces corn , &nd , while corn produces
'seed and fddder , sorghum produces
seed , fodder and syrup. The system of
cultivation is the same for both corn and
sorghum , though at the time of putting
in the seed sorghum demands less labor.
The quality of sorghum seed is nearly
the same as that of corn , but is valuable
in a dietary point of view while a mix
ture of ground corn and sorghum seed
is superior to either when fed alone to
stock. The yield of seed per acre is
about the same asj that of corn , and is as
easily harvested ; but a little more labor
is required in order fo separate the seed
in the "barn. The fodder < i3 sweeter than
that of corn , possessing , therefore , a
greater proportion of nutriment , and
will keep" in a green or succulent condi
tion much longer than corn fodder ,
which is a very important item.
It is not necessary to strip the stalks
early , nor is there a loss of saccharine
matter by allowing the fodder to ma
ture , as the most available sirup is ob
tained after the seeds are thoroughly
ripe. When the stalks are stripped of
the leaves and the fodder 'bundled and
cured under the system known as
"blading , " it makes tlie cltianest and
best provender known , and even after
the stalks are ground and pressed they
may be utilized for feeding purposes ,
as it is impossible to completely deprive
them of their saccharine , matter. In
making sirup the common method now
pursued is for farmers to combine and
procure the necessary machinery , or for
a farmer to procure" such for himself ,
and charge a commission to his neigh
bors for grinding the cane and extract
ing the sirup ; or , as it is done with the
threshing machines , 'there are those'who
make a business of extracting the sirup ,
the cost of making the sirup varying
from 12 to 25 cents per gallon. Each
gallon sirup yields about sfx pounds
of sugar , but as experiments are annu
ally cheapening the cost of manufac
ture , in a .short time the expenses will
be but very little"
We do not , however , value sorghum for
its sugar alone , but also for its 'sirup.
In the south during the war .sorghum
sirup was a common article , 'and prov
ed an excellent substitute for molasses.
There was no difficulty in its manufac
ture , for on every farm was a rude mill
which pressed the juice from t'he cane ,
and this was in a few hours boiled down
to the consistency of sirup. No sugar
ivas made , however , as the method of
irystalizing the saccharine matter from
sorghum was then unknown. With the
Improved methods and machinery of
: he present day there is no reason why
svery farmer should not 'grow his- own
sirup , and at a small expense.
With the advantages in fa von of sorg-
nirn being a valuable seed producer ,
ind the excellence of the leaves-rfor
ceding purposes , with the conversion
> f the stalks into sugar , it .should share
vith corn a portion of the space on
svery farm , especially as it stands the
Iroughts better and germinates sooner
vhen planted , as well ag being in
jrowth and less liable to injury from
rests than corn.
trceders * Journal.
The different breeds of hogs have their
ast friends , and no doubt they each have
rhat their friends admire in them , but
lie average feeder who does not care to
aise pigs to sell for breeding purposes ,
hould strive to get a hog that will make
im the most money for the feed put in-
o it. In the first place a hog should have
good coat of hair ; not bristles , but
air. A black hog will not get scurvy
n his back ; the sun will not blister him.
L hog should have a good constitution ,
rith round sprung rib and good girth
round the heart , short neck and head
rell put on , short face and nose , tail
ut on not way up on his back nor yet
) o low down , hams round and well
lied , not too sluggish disposition nor
et too wild. By the purchase of the t
ight kind of a male pig the feeder can 1 1
use "just such pigs as he wants to feed ,
nd have mucJh more profitable and
ealthy animals than he can buy.
The "brood sows can be run on clover :
asture in summer at very little expense ,
nd if provided with some good clover
ay in winter it will reduce their feed
ills. Not enough attention is paid to
roviding good pastures for pigs ; they
re generally kept in a barren lot with
generous sized mud-hole in it , in which
ie water is so foul that just the smell
E it is sickening , let alone having to
rink it. As for a change of pasture ,
is never thought of , on account of the
oubleof fencing it. The sensible way
) provide for them is to have enough
ind devoted to their use so the pigs
in have a good sweet pasture of clover
11 the tune. Do not keep them on the
ime old poisoned ground for ten years ,
ut when the grass gets run out plow
and.take off a couple of crops ; then
j-seed to clover , and then let their
Dgships take fresh comfort , health and
tt from the new fresh ground and
rass. This ground will then supply
ie living for the pigs , while in the
; her way of doing the pig lot is full of
eeds , bare of grass , and the bare
round covered with mud and hog
Packing Sutler in .Brine.
A method of packing butter for its
ore perfect preservation , and1 one
hich is very effective , has long been in
; e in England. It has been recom-
ended in this country , but has. not
ien adopted , so far as we know. It is le
pack the butter in cylindrical bags of t <
uslin , which are put in a mold for the tlT
irpose. These bags hold about tAVO T
itmds , and when filled are tied tightly if
id packed away in brine in tubs , pails f
casks , and are headed up just as sccs
ckled-pork is. ' The butter will absorb cs
i more salt ; is perfectly free from at- csw
Dspheric exposure ; is enveloped in an" w
antisoytic fluid , and is therefore entirely
safe from change , excepting so far as
this may. occur internally from within
by the natural process called ripening ,
and which is duo to the change of the
milk sngar ( lactose ) in the butter into
milk ( lactic ) acid , and this into butyric
acid by a well-understood chemical
transformation of the elements. But
this change goes on so slowly that the
butter merely acquires a high and agree
able flavor , and no strong scent or
taste is developed which would ap
This manner of packing butter has
long been in use in some districts of
England , and the supplies furnished to
the large universities of Oxford and
Cambridge have been put up in a simi
lar way for many years. The butter is
made in long rolls about two inches in
diameter , and these are wrapped in
muslin and the edge secured by some
stitches , the ends being tied. This form
of roll is well known as "college but
ter , " and is found very convenient for
use by cutting oft thin slices , each of
which is a single ration for a student.
It might be found very useful here for
the use of hotels and caterers , who
would be relieved of the trouble of mold
ing their own cakes , which to some ex
tent injures the quality of the butter.
Tlie Best Wool.
The property for which wool is per
haps most valued is trueness in breed
ing. In a true-bred sheep each staple
of wool each lock into which a group
of fibers naturally forms itself will beef
of equal growth throughout. The fiber
will be the same thickness , as nearly as
possible , the whole length , or will be
finer at point than at root. There will
be no shaggy rough wool in it. but if
the sheep be cross-bred , or ill-kept and
exposed to storms , the fibers will be
rough at the points and coarser than at
the roots , the reason of this being that
as the wool gets longer as it is more ex
posed to bad weather and hard treat
ment , nature makes it stronger to re
sist what it has to encounter , while the
part that is next the skin remains fine
to give greater warmth. Such wool ,
even when combed and spun into
yarn , never lies smooth and even
ly as true-bred wool , and is
consequently not of as much
value. There is another sort of wool
which fanners do not seem to under
stand , and writers on the subject often
ignore , but which is found more or less
on all cross-bred sheep and on sheep
which are too much exposed aud fed on
hilly districts. This is known sis
"ke"mp" or dead hairs. These kemps
vary * in length and coarseness according
to the breed of the sheep. In White
Highland they are about two inches
long , and very thick ; in cross-bred
Australians they are very short. In the
former they cover the under side of the
fleece , in the latter they are so few as
not to be of any importance. They are ,
howey.er , all alike jn this , that they are
a brilliant shining white ( except on the
sheep with gray wool , when they are
black ) , and they will * .not dye the same
color as the rest of the wool. They ,
consequentdeprecia'te ! the value of
the wool very greatly , making it only
suitable for low goods.
FARM : XOTES.
> The dividends from sheep come
oftener than from other classes of stock ,
except dairy cows , the fleece , lambs and
mutton reaching market at different
An open shed , facing the south , is an
excellent arrangement for all classes of
stock , as the open air is prefcried by
them at some periods instead of the
It is stated by those whose pens have
been visited by hog cholera that when
the carcasses of the hogs are not burned
the buzzards , which feed' upon them ,
earry the disease to remote points.
An experienced dairyman says the
2frain of butter may be spoiled in
Bhurning where great haste is used. A
slow , regular stroke is absolutely neces
sary and indispensable in manufactur
ing a first-class article.
A cattle-raiser of Illinois has so far
changed his system of feeding that he
low feeds corn every day all summer
; o his steers in pasture. He has exper
imented until he is convinced that this 1 ]
ivay of feeding pays best. d
A spring colt should be weaned a lit- dF
; le before winter in order that it may
jecome used to the change of food I
yhile the weather is warm and while at !
) lenty of succulent food can be had. T
Ensilage is an excellent feed for main- | s
aining growth of colts and other young v
The best way to rid i horse's ears of ti
varts is to nib them well with a coarse tis tit
iloth and then touch them well with a t ]
ittle nitric acid every alternate day un- b
il have administered three bn
you applica- bd
ions. A single drop is sufficient for d
he smaller ones. n
Mr. John S. Thompson , an experi- fir
nced sheep breeder of Arcona , Ind. , is T
if the opinion that a cross of Shropshire ir
nd Merico sheep is all that can be de- Icfi
ired , the lambs being vigorous and fiC
tealthy , and if the flocks are well kept C (
aay consist of 500 or 1.000 head. a ;
Samuel Keyer , a cattle man wintered rra
80 cattle on sorghum last winter , los- a ;
og only one , and that by accident. He ir
ed all the sorghum the stock wanted , 01
lis crop was cut and stacked before tch
) ctober rains and frosts came last fall , h :
nd the cane was sweet and well cured. si
Ie planted 150 acres last spring for sr
A western farmer advises stringing
eed corn by tying the ears together with m
usks in some place where the grain
an be saturated with coal smoke. The i - .
dor , he says , repels squirrels and Si
rorms from eating the seed. The seed
pmes up quicker , the plants grow more Pier :
igorousiy and ripen several days ear-
er than from seed not so treated. | s ?
All manures deposited by nature are ai
sft on or near the surface. The whole aim
is to down into
mdency of manure go sa
ie soil rather than rise from it. sam
here' is probably very little , m
any , unless it is put in piles so as to pi
srment , Rains and dews return to the er
) il as much ammonia in a year as is fo
irried off in the atmosphere. fo
An English farmer says : "For two rii
inters Iplaced six horses up on he f o at
lowing weekly allowancor Forty-two
pounds of oats , twenty-eight pounds
maize , twenty-two pounds beans ,
twenty-one pounds hay cut into chaff ,
seventy pounds long hay. Total , 196
pounds of food per week * per horse.
Upon this food the horses have done
admirably while in constant work. "
The most common diseases' fowls
are catarrk and croup , and the
diseases are nearly the same. In
simple catarrh there is a discharge
of watery mucous from the nos
trils , the eyelids and face become
swollen and a foul odor is emitted.
Remove the sick fowls to a warm , dry
location , wash the nostrils with dialuted
copperas water and feed stimulating
I'llOPOSIXG Iff TJSXAS.
2/tc English Idea ofZovc-HTaJtinu In Brother
They manage things differently in
Texas. This is how a fond couple come
to an understanding , according to one
who pretends to know. He sits on one
side of the room in a big white rocking-
chair ; she on the other side in a little
white oak rocking chair. A long eared
deerhound is by his side , a basket of
sewing by hers. Both the young people
ple rock incessantly. He sighs heavily
and looks out of the west- window at a
myrtle tree ; she sighs lightly and gazes
out of the east window at the turnip
patch. At last he remarks :
"This is mighty good weather for
cotton picking ? "
" 'Tis that , " the lady responds , "if
we only had any to pick. "
The rocking continues.
"What's your dog's name ? " asks she.
"What's he good for ? "
"What's he good for ? " says he , ab
"Your dog. Cooney. "
"For ketching 'possums. "
Silence for half an hour.
"Who ? "
"He is , but he's sort of bellowsed , an'
gettin' old an' slow , an' he ain't no
count on a cold trail. "
In the quiet ten minutes that ensues
she take's two stitches in her quilt , a
gorgeous affair , made after the pattern
called "Rose of Sharon. "
"Your ma rising many chickens ? "
"Forty odd. "
Then come the rocking , and somehow
the big rocking chair and the little
rocking chair are jammed side 03 * side ,
and rocking is impossible.
"Makin' quilts ? " he observes.
"Yes , " she replies , brightening up ,
for she is great on quilts. "I've just
finished a gorgeous 'Eagle of Brazil. ' a
"Setting Sun' and a 'Nation's Pride. '
Have you ever saw the 'Yellow Rose of
the Prairie. ' "
More silence. Then he says :
"Do love "
you cabbage ?
. "T do that. "
Presently his hand is accidentally
placed on her ? , of which she does not '
seem to be all aware. Then he sud
denly says :
"I'se a great mind to bite you. "
"What have you a great mind to bite
me for ? "
"Knseyou won't have me. "
"Kase you ain't axed me. "
"Well , now , I ax you. "
"Then , now , I has you. "
Cooney dreams he hears a sound of
hissing , and next day the 3Toung man
; oes after a marriage license.
A QUAIfEK WEDDING.
r/ic jlfarriaf/e Ceremony According tit the
Orthodox Friend Qtm1cr Prescription. :
A Quaker wedding is not the uncouth
iffair which the description given would
ead the reader to suppose , but is on .
lie contrary , a solemn and impressive
jcremony decorous and orderly in the
jxtreme. The prospective bride and
: room pass meeting three or four
vceks before the day set for mar-
iage. That is. they" appear in the
ueeting to which the bride belongs ,
nd a declaration of their intention is
mblicty made. If no obstacle appears
ictween the "passing" and the wed-
ling da } ' , the clerk of the meeting pre-
lares the marriage certificate , large
nough always to contain many signa-
nres. When the wedding dav arrives
11 the front seats on the men's side of
he house are reserved for the wedding ,
t is not necessarily on a fifth day , as
tated , but upon whatever day of the
reek , except the first dav , the regular
iceting for worship is held in that dis- tlo
rict. After the meeting is "settled into tlSI
tillness , " the wedding party enters , SI
lie bride leaning on the arm of the tl :
ridegroom ; they take seats together , L
ot on opposite sides of the house , un- is i
er the minister's gallery , ( on the 01b
len's side , of course , ) facing the con- b
regation , not with their backs to it. fe ;
'he ' bridesmaids and groomsmen , rang- fcw
ig in number from four to eight , fol- fchi
> w the bride and groom and take the hi
ont seats. Then the parents of the in
Dntracting parties , and other relatives Cfra
ad friends arrive and occupy the re- ra
lainder of the reserved space. After sa
II are seated there is half an hour or th
lore of silence , or sometimes a prayer in 1
r short sermon , then the ceremony Cf ,
ikes place. The groom rises and give's whj
is hand to the bride who rises by his hj
de , he still retaining her hand. He .1"
about his lie
lys nothing worldly goods
3 stated , but repeats gravely these a
ords : "In the presence of the Lord and di :
lis assembly , I take Mary Penn to be sp
ly wife , promising , by divine assist- ffr :
ice , to be unto her a faithful and loving fe :
jsband until death shall separate us. " be
lie repeats a corresponding formula , an
id they sit down. A table is then lia
aced before the pair , upon which is nomi >
> read the marriage certificate. They mi
gn it , the relatives and friends sign if , in
id after another interval of silence , a , re :
inister or elder rises in the gallery and ' ot
, ys quietly : "The wedding company gn
ay now retire. " The newly married bri
an gives his arm to his wife and they
iss out , as they have entered , togetti-
The bridesmaids and groomsmen Ch
How in pairs , the rest of the company bk J
llow them , and not until the last car- am
ige is driven away does the minister
the head of the gallery shake hands we
as * & * * *
with Us next neighbor
is dossed. In acc dance -
the meeting ia uuu. u
, two uvtau < o
anco with ancient usage
to be present at tha wedding
ding breakfast to see to it that a proper
decorum is preserved , and the clerk of r"
enters the marriage on the records
ti 4- :
Gladstone , Tennyson , Professor
Blackie , Charles Darwin ,
in"- and Dr. O. W. Holmes were all born
in the year 1800
Miss Emma Larson and her young . . . .
sister who rode on horseback from their . * *
home in Wisconsin to San Francisco , ft
made the journey in safety withont 1
Mrs. Hfflas , of Elgin , 111. , has a copy
of the poem , "Oh , why should the spirit'
of mortal be proud ? " in the handwrit
ing of Abraham Lincoln , who presented
it to her himself.
Mr. Henry M. Stanley intends coming
to this country shortly , for the purpose *
of lecturing OH the Dark Continent m
general and his experiences in the Con
go region in particular.
"Thank God and be content,1' was
the advice Sir Moses Montofiere received
from his wife when , in 1825 , he asked
her whether he should retire from money
making or continue in business. He
The stone sarcophagus for the tomb
of John C. Calhouu , the South Carolina
statesman who died over a quarter of a
century ago , has been finished , and will * y.
at once set in place in St. Philip's
church , Charleston , S. C.
Mrs. W. S. Hoyt , daughter of the late
Chief Justice Chase , has successfully
established an industrial school at Pel-
ham Manor , where furniture carving ,
clay and plaster modeling , tapestry-
work , etc. , are taught to girls and boys.
General Joe Johnston , who is 77
years old , does not look over GO. He is
straight as an arrow , and the only sign
of age is seen in his silky gray hair , .
which flows in silvery curls almost to j
his shoulders , and in his full gray
Editor Webb's "Bluff. "
Ben Pcrley Poore in Boston Budget.
Hon. James Watson Webb , who was
for many years editor of the New York
Courier and Enquirer , was the last
avowed duelist at the north. His last
"meeting" was at Wilmington , Del. ,
with Tom Marshall , of Kentucky. He
was not only wounded in the left knee ,
but on his return to New York he was
tried and sentenced to two years hard
labor in the penitentiary. Governor
Seward pardoned him , and he re
nounced duelling ; but when he was at
Washington , at the time of the assault
on Sumner , he was challenged again ,
as he thus told the story :
"I was at Washington at the time of
Brooks' assault on Sumner. The Cour
ier and Enquirer came out denouncing
Brooks as a 'coward. ' General Quit
man , a northern man and an old and
intimate friend , waited on me and said :
'General , I am sorry to see you. ' I
knew what it meant and handed him a
chair. 'I have a message for you , ' he
continued , 'and I am ashamed" bear
it , but if I refused I couldn't live in the
south. ' 'About the Courier-Enquirer
paragraph ? ' I asked. 'Yes ! ' he said.
'Well , ' said I , 'just keep it in your * r
pocket till to-night. That paragraph '
was written in the office. I am respon
sible for it , and will fight for it , but I
prefer to fight for what I have written
myself. I sent a letter two days ago ,
published in the paper this morning. It
will be here to-night. It in four times
is severe as that paragraph ; but when \
hat gets here you can take your choice ,
ind we will fight to-morrow afternoon !
it 5 o'clock ! ' ' I added to Quitman :
I am now a church communicant , and
mve changed my views on duellin" ' . I /
.vould not now fight a personal duel a
luel for personal affront. Moreover , I
lad no personal quarrel with Brooks.
Ie and I dined together at Governor
Ukin's only three days ago. Butlwill
ight for my country and its institutions
md principles in private combat the
ame as armies do , and ask the bless- V
ng of God upon the issue. I will fio-ht !
irooks to-morrow. Come to me in the
norning. ' My 9ffensive letter arrived ,
fext morning General Quitman waited
m me and said the South Carolinian ,
fter a two hours' session over my let-
er , had withdrawn the challan ! I
icver was so astonished in mv life. "
The rale of Eloquence.
Every day's experience proves that *
lie power of public speaking is not t
nly essential to the most moderate i'
access in many professions , but is in- '
ispensable to the highest grades in all ' -
a. congress , at the bar , in the pulpit , it I
, of course , necessary from the very
utset if the very least eminence is to
e looked for. But not only in the pro-
ssions of which oratory is the very
nindation , but in
every case of life
here a certain degree of eminence
as been attained , it becomes of equal
nportance , and the want of it will be
liially felt. The merchant and the
lanufacturer , even the soldier and f
ulor , when they rise to eminence in ' !
icir professions , are called on to speak
public , and grievously suffer if thev
innotdoso. Many a gallant spirit '
hich never quailed before an enemv - '
is been crushed and his
reputation in- * f
ired by his inability to
speak in a pub-
2 assembly or to answer appropriately
complimentary speech at a public }
nner. Indeed , the influence of public
eaking m this country is not only < *
eat , but daily increasing , and it con-
rs influence and distinction
often fir <
syond the real merits of the speaker
id. for its want the most
solid or brill ,1
mt party in other '
respects can make 'l
comparison. The great bodv of !
en invariably impute inability to speak k ' !
pubhc to want of ideas , whereSln ? !
ahty , t generally arises from waS <
practice , and often coexists with th 3t
eatest acquirements and the *
illiant genius. most n , J l
So grace is more
instian worker than !
fidelity ; the hum
grace that marches on in sm
d storm , when no banners are
j , and there is no music to cheer
ary feet S. J. Nicholls.
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