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About McCook weekly tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 188?-1886 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 9, 1884)
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11KCJSIVJS THIS WAHDEUKtlS JIACK.
Receive the wanderer back , love ,
Forllfo Is in its wane ,
Lot us as In the days of yore ,
Znjoy love's dream attain.
For they indeed were pleasant times ,
Tlioso happy , happy hours ,
when love lay pure in our young hearts
As dew in folded flowers.
Though wavering fancy caused my heart
On other scenes to dwell ,
Yet have 1 kept thy imago locked
In memory's deepest cell.
Like him who tossed upon the waves
Of a tempestuous sea ,
My every thought is that I may
A refuge find in thco.
I looked upon the past , love ,
With feelings of regret ,
And pray that you my waywardness
From this time may forget.
For if devotion deep and wild
My misdeeds can erase.
Henceforth it is forever thine
Whilst time proceeds apace.
For , dearest love , forgiveness Is
A truly blessed thing ;
It causes oft within the heart
A ( rushing fount to soring ;
A fount whoso waters arc as pure
As those of heaven above ,
And they who quaff forever sing
The glorious tlicino of love.
Then , O receive the wanderer back ,
Give him thy love again ,
For swceb It is when years have lied
To dream love's dream again.
Give mo thy love , ere beauty is
Within llte's lowest things ,
And hours will Ily like angel troops
With glory on their wings.
MISS PLPEJ8/S PUPIL.
Miss Pandora Piper , teacher of mu
sic , who had hard work to keep sou ]
and body together , but not unhappy ,
because she said , she was never left
without a new bonnet for Easter Sun
day , and one black silk somehow lasted
until she got a new one , received a
very singular note one morning a note
which had been handed in at the door ,
the landlady's "girl" said , by an "eld
The epistle was enveloped in the
costliest and most richly decorated en
velope to be procured for love or money
anywhere. The paper , nearly as thick
as cardboard , was to match. A coat of
arms was in the corner , and the words
were as follows :
Miss Pii'Kii : A person of neglucktctl eder-
cashim is wistful to be undertuck. Will kail
at 3. Mis-mi SLIGEU.
"My gracious ! " ejaculated Miss Pan
dora ; "he must have been neglected ,
that's certain. I never saw anything
like that before in all nry life ! Fatally-
forgotten , I should say. ' Well , I won
der what he can be like. He must be
rich , I suppose , poor people can't af
ford such stationary as this. Aud a
coat of arms , too ! Shoddy , I suppose ,
but so that he's respectful why should
I care for that ? He will probably pay
well , and I've lost Anne Eliza Griggs
by marriage just as she was beginning
to take variations.
'Nora , I shall be in if a new pupil
a gentleman calls at 3 o'clock. "
Nora , who , like Miss Piper , who often
gave her little presents , and who kept
on an upper shelf of her closet some
soothing balsam which she was always
ready to apply to poor girl's fingers ,
which were always being cut or burnt
or pinched in something , gave an amia
ble grin and offered to polish up the
grate when she had a minute , "seeing aMISS
stranger was coming. "
The morning wore away. Two little
girls had gone through their exercises
and a. heavy lady who took lessons in
vocal music had nearly burst a blood
vessel in endeavoring to gain a certain
high note which was the object of her
Miss Piper had been around the cor
ner to give a lesson there and over the
way to see to another pupil's practic
She came home in a hurry , arranged
her hair , saw that the little parlor was
neat and awaited her guest with fever
At last he came.
Nora showed some one up stairs and
there entered at the door an elderly
gentleman of benign appearance ,
dressed in the latest fashion , but not
without regard to his age , who bowed
low , remarking :
"I hope I am not late , mum. I know
your time must be very valuable- "
"I am sure I only wish everybody was
as punctual , " said Miss Piper. "It is
exactly three o'clock. "
"You're very kind , mum , " said the
gentleman , seating himself , as Miss
Piper motioned him to a chair. "I'm
an oldish pupil , I suppose } ou think ;
but I'll explain , I think I've explained
in my note , but I'll explain again. I've
been neglected , not from any unkindness -
ness for my poor mother did the best
she could for me but we were very
. I don't wish to mention the
umble position I've always occupied
until a year ago , when somebody came
from England and hunted me up.
Mother was dead , poor dear ! but this is
how it was : Father was very rich and
up in the world ; mother was a house
maid. He married her , and his mother
was furious , and mother couldn't stand
it. She ran away ; she came here , and
lived an honest , hard-working life. It
was only when she died she told me my
name was not Niggins , but Sliger , and
thai she had written to my father , ergot
got some lawyer to write , and he was
dead , too , and I came into the property
and left the humble position I won't
allude to , and well , I'm rich , but I
don't know anything , and before I go
to England I want to be educated. You
understand ? "
"It's a very laudible ambition , I'm
sure , " said Miss Piper. "I usually
teach music , but , of course , I can un
dertake the English branches. "
"Yes mum , " replied the gentleman ,
hastily. " "I want to begin with music
in this manner. I have known no one
in high life who could not play upon
the pyanner. Begin with that and go
on to spelling , which I am conscious I
sadly need. "
It was not the true course , but there
was a serious and dignified manner
about this "neglected" person that
made it impossible not to say so. She
mentioned her terms and set the hours
for the lessons , and so skillfully em
phasized the name of the instrument
that Mr. Sliger before his departure had
begun to call it "the pearino" instead
of the "pyanner. "
At the door , however , he gave her a
"I wish , mum , " he remarked , "to
begin with tunes. "
Miss Piper was a conscientious little
teacher , but she felt that there were
people in this world who. must have
their own way , and Mr. Sliger's first
lesson 'consisted of the "White Cock
He had a very good car ; he was
anxious to learn. Yrom the "White
Cockade" he went to "Life Let Us
Cherish , " and poor guilty Miss Piper ,
who felt that the notes had very little
to do with his perforniace , beat time
Meanwhile she found that , leaving
education out of the question , the man
was very sensible that he was very
kindly and amiable. Once corrected in
the pronunciation of a word lie never
became a backslider on that question.
However , it was he who arranged every
thing , and not his teacher.
As other lessons were added the
neglected person set the hours for
them ; finally lie had six hours a day.
The spelling lesson , the lesson on geography
graphy ; the lesson in history , followed
each other. All the week days were
Poor Miss Piper had no power to say
him nay. Ho paid well , lie treated her
with actual reverence , but the last pu
pil went when he elected to copy some
very flat "flower pieces" which Miss
Piper had executed in early youth and
call this a lesson in painting. He had
all her weekdays at last. He certainly
had improved in pronunciation , but
Miss Piper felt herself to be a humbug.
What they really did was to spend the
day together exactly as he chose. Play
ing with educational books , thumping
the piano , daubing bristol board with
impossible flowers , scrambling through
the lessons in French , of which Miss
Piper had had a quarter from a Swiss
gentleman. For a long time she was
alone on Sunday and usually went to
the Methodist church to which she be
longed ; but Mr. Sliger soon altered that.
He lcgan asking her whether they had
"these vespers of theirs at the Cathedral
on Sunday morning ? " And Avhen she
instructed him that "vespers" were in
the latter part of the day , said he would
call for her.
Accordingly she went to vespers at
the cathedral in the afternoon and after
that regularly three times a day to dif
It was then that the landlady thought
it her duty to call.
She appeared m Miss Pandora Piper's
apartment at the awful hour of ten ,
majestic in her crimping pins , and with
a very serious countenance and was wel
comed in with a smile by the little
"Good evening , Mrs. Grimm , " said
she , "I haven't had a call from you for
a long while. "
"No , Miss Piper , you havqn't" said
Mrs. Grimm with emphasis. "You
couldn't expect me to call after such
carryings on. "
"Why , what do you mean , Mrs.
Grimm" ? " ejaculated Miss Piper.
' Can you ask , Pandora Piper ? " an
swered the landlady in her deepest
chest note. "The whole neighborhood
is talking about you. "
"About me ! " screamed Miss Piper.
' You and that man , " said the land
"My pupil , Mr. Sliger ? " sobbed Miss
Piper , now fairly in tears.
"Your pupil ? Don't tell me , " said
Mrs. Grimm. "Miss Pandora Piper ,
shall be obliged to put up a bill for my
iccond floor. You've got to go. "
"Oh , oh , oh ! " cried Pandora , "Can
ou think any harm of me ? Why , you
: ould come in at any moment. Nora
s in and out every now and then. Such
i respectable elderly gentleman , and
inch a correct person as I am ? "
"It isn't me , Pandora , " said Mrs.
jrimm , quite melted. "It's the neigh-
) orhood. The church going ( if it is
ihurch ) finished 'em. You're of age
his long while , my dear ; you ought to
mow how to behave ; but I can't coun-
enance this. I shall put up the bill.
) h , oh , oh , Pandora ! that it should
: ome to this ! "
Poor Miss Pandora !
As her friend and landlady walked
> ut of the door with her handkerchief
o her eyes , she stood motionless as
hough turned to a pillar of salt.
She saw just how this repair of neg-
ected education must appear to her
mall circle of discarded pupils , and
elt a strong desire to drown herself , or
amp out of the window , or turn on
he gas , or take a box of matches in her
ea , and she might actually , it seemed
o her afterwards , have died of mortifi-
ation , but that the gong at the front
oor , pulled violently at this moment ,
tartled her , and Nora , running up ,
"rapped in a waterproof cloak , for she
ad been making preparations to go to
ed , announced :
"Mr. Sliger ! "
"He can't come up , " said Pandora ,
'at ' this hour of the night. "
"No , miss ; he asks for you to come
own , " said Nora.
Pandora went down.
Mr. Sliger was at the door.
"There's a telescope at the corner , "
e said ; . "Something going on in some
iar or other , I believe. Get a bonnet
ud shawl and come and have a peep.
: will be a lesson in astronomy for
ic. You can explain it , you know
ime terms as the other lessons. "
Pandora without a word obeyed.
The door closed after the two , leaving
Ers. Grimm staring at Nora.
"That's the capslieaf , " said the lady.
"Shall I sit up for them ? " asked
"No , " said Mrs. Grimm. "I will. "
Meanwhile Miss Pandora and Mr.
ligcr peeped through the telescope and
iw the rings of Saturn , which Mr.
liger supposed to be phenomenal anil
jmporary , and which were explained
y Miss Pandora to be fixtures , and
tien adjourned to an ice cream saloon
f much elegance.
This , indeed , was desperate dissipa-
ation , Miss Pannora said to herself , as
lie sat before the cut-glass goblets on
ic damask cloth , and saw the water
plash from the little fountain in the
enter into the aquarium and over the
lossy plants , all reflecting in the long
lirrors. However , what did it niat-
; r ? She was already "talked about , "
irned out of her lodgings as a person
rho had' gone wrong. She would keep
lis merry moment to remember when
ic had put an end to all by saying to
ic neglected pupil that she could no
mger impart instruction to him.
He was ordering every indigestible
luxury on the bill of fare , the diamond
on his little finger flashing like a small
sun , obsequious waiters bobbing about
behind them. He looked kindly at her ,
and asked if she liked this or that. He
was as simple as an old baby ; as kind
as an old lady , and ho was a nice ,
"All over ! All over ! " she said to her
self. "I might have known what a
wicked world this is , and how ill it
thinks of innocent things. Why might
not I go on teaching him forever with
out harm ? "
People were coming in from concerts ,
from the theaters ; tables were filling ;
but theirs , between two columns beyond
the fountain , was very quiet.
The waiters were gone to execute Mr.
Sliger's behests. Suddenly he turned
to her , and took a letter from his
"Miss Piper , " he said , "read that. "
Pandora opened the missive and
It was from a firm of lawyers , speak
ing in plain terms of Mr. St. Leger as a
gentleman and a man of honor and for
"I got 'em to give it to me , " he said ,
' to show you. "
"I do not need it indeed , " said Pan
dora , sadly. "And this is the way your
name 4s really spelt ? St. Legcr ! It's
a beautiful name. ' '
"It sounds a little curious to me , " he
said. "Mother wrote it Sliger. I never
knew , but you'll see I'm all right. They
never took me without a character
when I went for a place in the poor
times , and I couldn't expect you to take
me without a character , either I I
don't know whether you despise me for
my ignorance or not , but if you don't ,
why I want you to take me for your
pupil for life to marry me , Pandora.
Will you ? "
It was a dreadful thing to do in such
a public place , but Pandora Piper felt
that she was going to faint the room
She held out her hand for the glass of
water. Most of it was spilt upon the
front breadth of her new black silk , but
that which passed her lips revived her.
Then a soft , sweet sense that there was
no more trouble for her in this world
crept into her heart and she smiled up
"It was in my mind the first day I
came. " he said. "I had seen you often
through the window when you gave
lessons to that little girl at Bell's. I
used to watch you with my opera glass.
I felt sure that you were just the
woman for me and every lesson you
gave me proved it. I shall learn every
thing from you goodness as well as
spelling. Oh , say'Yes ! ' I want you !
I want you. "
She said "Yes. "
Mrs. Grimm was sitting up for her ,
pale with wrath , when she returned ;
but Pandora took her by both hands
and said :
"You won't turn me out until after
my wedding day , will you , dear ? You'll
let me be married here. It's next
iveek. Mr. St. Leger won't wait. You
see , we will have to go to England to
ive on the estate. And after all a
poor teacher needs no great prepara
"Servants and diamonds and a coun-
; ry house and a city house , and every-
ihing heart can wish , " . Mrs. Grimm
; ays in telling the story. "A real grand
aily now. It's like a romance. "
And Pandora , happy with her good ,
limple husband in her new surround-
ngs , often thinks so herself.
Aycr's yeicspaper Annual.
N. W. Ayer & Son's American News-
) aper Annual for ISSi is now before
he public , and to say that it is the
nest extensive as well as the most com
pete publication of the kind ever issued
s but stating what all must acknowl-
idge who give the work thorough and
iritical examination. It contains a
sarefully prepared list of all newspa-
ers and periodicals in the United
Jtates and Canada , arranged by states
n geographical sections , and by towns
a alphabetical order. In this list also
3 given the name of the paper , the
3sue , general characteristics , year of
stablishment , size , circulation , and ad-
ertfcing rates for ten lines one month ,
n short a vast fund of information con-
erning newspapers of interest and im-
iortance to the journalistic craft , to
dvertisers and to nearly everybody
Ise is found within its pages , and the
rhole is so arranged that the information
aught can be readily turned to. For full-
ess , correctness , compactness of state-
icnt , variety and value of contents ,
nd freedom from favoritism or preju-
ice , it perhaps has no equal , and con-
idering the size of the book and the
liaracter of its contents is cheap at the
rice asked , S3 , carnage paid.
Department Commander Dyer , of the
- ' . A. R. , has issued a general order in
rhich he urges upon every Post and
omrade to subscribe for stock in the
ettysburg Battle-field Association and
ecome a part owner in the greatplace.
'he ' organization already holds in fee
! mple that portion of the grove near
[ atalysine Spring in which General
: eynolds fell ; "Little Round Top , ' "
ic north slopes of Round Top , the
ark opposite and east of the National
Cemetery , McKnight's Hill , Gulp's Hill
nd the "wheat field , " with the woods
jtith , which have been styled the
whirlpool" of the great battle.
"All thesegrounds , " the order states ,
remain as they were at the time of the
attle , except so far as the marks have
een effaced by the operation of na-
iral causes ; and to a large extent the
mettes and infantry defenses have been
jnewed and preserved as originally
Dnstructed on these portions of the
eld. " The association desires if pos-
; ble to secure all the land comprised in
ic battle-field , and convert the place
ito a sort of national park. As funds
re raised portions are secured.
An agricultural paper asserts that
ell-selected grade cows are more pro-
table in the dairy than those of pure
reeding , at the same price. This may
B so , but it is no argument against
lorotigh breeding , xou can't have
rades without thoroughbreds.
Partisan feeling is the chief of crime.
-George W. Curtis.
The Association of German Engineers
numbers 5,100 members.
Citric acid has been ascertained by
Dr. Sehultto possess powerful an
According to the last annual report
the American Association for the Ad
vancement of Science had 2,011 mem
An English firm has began the man
ufacture of casks and barrels of steel.
They are lighter than wood and more
Oil is now extraced from the seeds of
grapes in Italy. Young grapes yield
most , and black kinds more than the
A statistician has calculated that
there are manufactured 80,000,000 pins
every day , or about 29,200,000,000 every
A tricycle postal delivery system is
to be tried by the postmoster general of
Victoria at Portland , Sale and Ararat ,
with the view of extending it , if it
proves successful , to other districts of
To detect cotton oil in olive oil , mix
the oil in question with a solution of
basic lead acetate , and let it stand for
twelve or twenty-four hours. If cotton
oil is present it takes a red color like
fresh-prepared tincture of myrrh.
Mons. Balland has found that the
average moisture of the Hours of com
merce is 14 per cent. It varies with
the hygrometic stale of the air , and is
generally from 1 to 2 per cent , greater
in winter than in summer.
The making of large lenses is a mat
ter of many difficulties , as may be in
ferred from the fact that there have
been nineteen failures to cast the thirty-
six-inch glass for the great Lick tel
escope to be mounted in California.
A German paper trade journal says
that a waterproof paper which will
shine in the dark can be made of 40
parts paper stock , 10 parts phosphores
cent powder , 10 parts water , 1 part
gelatine and 1 part bichromate of pot
Bronze is a mixture of copper and
tin , and sometimes lead , the proportions
tions of which vary somewhat , but arc
usually nine to one. It is often adul
terated with zinc , but when this is the
case its surface honeycombs on expos
In order to make plaster set quickly
mix it with water into which a little
sulphate of potash lias been dissolved
to make it set slowly , mix it With line
slaked lime. The time of setting may
be regulated by changing the relative
An establishment in the Hebrides
svhich treats seaweed for iodine , ac
cording to Mr. Edward Stanford , F. C.
3. , obtains an illuminating gas as a by
product. The process also yields
rery light and porous charcoal , ainnio-
lia and tar.
TfViy 27iey Kan Slow.
Jouncll Blnffi Herald.
"We made a singular discovery the
> ther day , " remarked an official of a
oad running into Council Bluffs.
'About three miles beyond a certain
station on our line there is a farm house
> y the side of the track. Just bc3rond
; he farm house is a little creek , over
vhich there is a small bridge. About
'our years ago some repairs were being
nade to that little bridge , and of course
lie bridge gang put up a sign board
Run Slow , ' on either side , during the
lay or so the bridge was weakened.
iVhen they had finished their work they
vent off and forgot the signs. The fact
s the boards had disappeared , and they
lidn't take the trouble to hunt them
ip. Some weeks afterward , no one
unows just when , the signs reappeared
n their former places. Nebody knew
vho put them there , or what for. Needy -
> ody cared. If tli'e section men noticed
hem at all they thought the bridge
aen had done it. It was none of the
ingineer's business why they were
here it was their duty to
ibserve the regulations , which re-
iiired them to slow down at all such
igns. Observe regulations they did.
'or about four years not a train has
lasscd over the little bridge without
lowing almost to a stand-still. The
ulvert , for that's all it is , has been as
afe as any part of the road bed , and
et stopping and starting trains there
as cost the company thousands of
ollars. You know it costs money to
tart and stop trains. You are won-
ering how it all comes about of course ,
ell , that farmer stole those boards
nd put them up again at leisure. For
nir years he has been going into
jwn or coming from it on our trains ,
etting on or off right at his own door.
t was a slick scheme , and how he must
ave laughed at us and enjoyed it all
ic while. But his game is up now ,
nd the engineers are having their re-
enge by keeping up an infernal
jreeching of their whistles at all hours
f the day and night whenever they
ass the farm house.1'
Tea-Growing in the United Stales.
Victor M. Hollingsworth , late divi-
onal manager of the Assam Doom-
looma tea company , has written to
ic Industrial Review a letter upon the
ultivation of tea in the southern states.
Wherever the tea-plant has been
lanted in suitable situations , even as
ir north as New Jersey , ifrha's flourish-
I. In Georgia it grows wild from plants
mt out by the department of agri-
iilture in 1850-55. Mr. Hollingsworth
: ates that even if tea were worth no
lore per pound than cotton it would
311 pay better than the latter , since
otton must be cleared for , fenced ,
lanted , cultivated , picked and grubbed
ut every year , while tea is perennial
ad needs only pruning and the manu-
icturing of the leaf after it has come
ito bearing. As for temperature , the
: ate of Mississippi stands midway
etween Assam and the districts of
idia. The rainftil in Mississippi is less
lan thai of either of the Indian dis-
icts , but our authority assures us that
rainfall well diffused over the year ,
ud most ample in the growing months ,
L fact , little and often , is preferable to
deluge in any one month. The ob-
iction of the Avant of cheap labor is
ict by the proof that labor in Assam
is dearer than in the southern states.
The Bengalcso coolie may be cheap in
Bgngal , but he lias to bo imported into
Assam to gather the tea crop , and costs
about S50 per head before ho does a.
day's work. The writer makes the as
sertion that one southern negro is worth
three Hindu coolies. The naturaliza
tion of the tea plant is an object worthy
the expenditure of some little time and
capital , and Mr. HollSngsworth's argu
ments seem to prove that a good return
mav be looked for.
Keeping the Boys ou the Farm.
In an extended argument as to tlio
desirability of formers' sons sticking to
the farm , the Cincinnati Commercial
observes that there is a feature in this
matter of sons following the calling of
their fathers that is not sufficiently re
" The calling of the father may rise tea
a higher dignity when the sous adopt
the business , thoroughly learn it , and
proudly pursue it. The accumu
lated reputation , capital , and business
of the parent can bo inherited and pre
served by the sons.
" Again , it is a law of nature that
holds good in all the animal kingdom ,
that aptness for any business m y bo in
herited , or may bo bred , as we say of
stock. The great desideratum in de
veloping a race of trotters is to insure
an aptness to trot. And this comes not
from stock that has habitually been used
for the draught or chase or race course.
If the dam trots and the sire trots wo
do not expect the offspring to be a
" The old Spartans understood this
law of developing an aptness for a given
calling in the children. The Germans
of olden times developed a race of war
riors on the same principle.
"The law of heredity is so broad and
so powerful in its influence that it ex
tends not only to color and form of our
race , but it extends to thoj temperament
and even to the tastes. The taste ,
though like the muscle and reasoning
faculties , may bo improved by educa
tion. Still the taste and aptness for
any calling may be increased from gen
eration to generation.
"Then , if we are to reach the highest
development as a race of farmers , wo
must expect it through the line of de
scent. The sun must inherit the fitness
of the father , and take up the calling
and business where he left off , and his
son after him , and so on. "When this
shall become the custom in our farm
ing families , then shall we see greater
stability in society and a higher type of
civilization. Every parent has the
chief power to bring this work about.
The very independence of the farmer's
life is to be the germ which develops a
race that cannot be other than an inde
pendent people. Our nation is to
achieve its greatness in the develop
ment of agriculture. Its power at home
and abroad is to bo established and
held through the arts of husbandry ,
practiced by a skillful and virtuous
race of farmers. All , then , that can be
done by the State or family to ennoble
and to dignify the calling , and to entail
its blessings and influence from father
to son , will add to the stability and
grandeur ofthenation. "
The "Wrong Roll in the Right Place.
A gentleman at Darien who had been
an a collecting tour returned home the
at'her night with about $1,200 in his
socket. He locked every door , and was
jo nervous that he didn't know wheth
er ho was a foot or a horseback. After
lie and his wife had undressed and got
Into bed , he got up and put the roll of
noney into liis wife's stocking. In the
nornicg when he got up he found his
noney in his pantaloons pocket , and
isked his wife if she wasn't astonished
ivhen she found that roll of money in
ler stocking. She said she didn't nnd
my roll in her stocking. He told her
ihathe put it in her stocking the night
jefore. She insisted that if he did he
nust have got up in his sleep and taken
t out. He insisted on examining her
stockings , to see if any of the roll had
emained there. She thought she felt
something kind of binding around her
oes. Finally sue took off her shoe and
itocking , and found a half-pound roll
> f fine-cut chewing tobacco nicely
ammed in about her toes. He said
hat beat the deuce , and she said it hat )
aken the skin off her toes. That day
he man was very free with his tobacco ,
riving anybody a chew who wanted it.
iVhen the people of Darien , who accept-
id his hospitalities , read this , and know
hat they helped chew that tobacco that
he lady had worn in her slice for a
ouple of hours , they -will say words
hot they ought to be ashamed of.
\tilwaukee \ Sun.
Steel Making in China.
In the manufacture and use of steel
lie Chinese appear to have attained a
ery early and remarkable pioficiency.
Jhinese records do not enlighten us Ks
0 the precise period at which the art of
educing metals from their ores became
nown in that country ; but it is evident
liat it must have been some centuries
efore the Christian era. Mention is
lade of steel in the most ancient of the
Ihinese writings , ondLeih-tze , an author
rho nourished about 400 B. C. , de-
sribed the process by which it was
lade. In the Yu Ivung section of the
hoe King , Book L , it is stated that
tnong the articles forming the tribute
f Yu were nautical gem stones , iron ,
ilver , steel , stones for arrow heads , etc.
legge points out that , in the time of the
[ an dynasty , iron masters were appoint-
1 in several districts of the old Liuu
hoe to superintend the iron works ,
fith the exception of this passage ,
owever , it is considered probable that
icre is no distinct allusion to iron in
hinese writings older than 1000 B. C.
teel continues to be manufactured in
Mna up to the present day. Mr. James
Henderson , a commissioner of Lilmii-
haug , the Governor General of Chillili ,
Minister of the young King of Cliina ,
ates that the " steel -which conies to
ieu-tsin from the Upper Yang-tee is
ighly prized , and bears much higher
rices than the Swedish steel imported
.to China. "
Joseph Harris says one may feed fat-
ng cattle or shee'p all the cottonseed
ik'e they will eat without harm , but it
ill not do to so feed linseed oil cake or
irnmeal. Cottonseed cake makes the
chest of manure.
ITIicre the Beef Comes From.
It was during tlio last days of the war
that the Texan cattlotradofirstasstimed
largo proportions. At that time Northwestern -
western Tcxaa was swarming with cattle ,
wliich possessed little or no value ou
their native jacches. They wore not a
choice breed. Largo , raw-boned , with
wild eyes nnd long , outspread horns ,
fierce in temper and forbidding of as
pect , they wore about as low a grade of
the bovine race as could bo found. The
cows were never milked and the oxe
never yoked. Still , their flesh \
meat , though rather dark in color and
coarse in flavor and taxtnre , and meat
was at that time in active demand at the
North. Some large Government
contractors tried the experiment of
importing them. They found that they
could buy 2 and 3-yenr-old steers in
Toxoa at $ G to $8 per head , and sell
them in Missouri at $30 to $35 per
head. This paid very well. At first
only small droves or " bunches , " as
they are called in the West of from
30C to 500 head each were bought , and
so careless were the Texan stock-rais
ers , and so high was Northern credit ,
that the bunch was usually paid for by
note at twelve months. The cattle were
driven north through " the Territory"
( Indian Reservation ) to the Neosho
valley , and thence along the boundary
line between Missouri and Kansas.
Coffeovillo was one of the favorite mar
kets of the day. Old cowboys still I
speak of it with oaths. It seems that
it produces the largest and most blood f
thirsty herds of mosquitoesin the "West ,
and on hot nights the cattle , driven to
frenzy by their insect-tormentors ,
would stampede and scatter over the
In tlio course of a year or two the
profits of the business became an open
secret , and capital was embarked in it
by several dealers in St. Louis and Ohi-
sago. From a. few hundred head the
bunches swelled to 1,000 or more , and
the price of 3-year-olds rose in Texas to
? 10 and $15. Simultaneously , settle
ments began to thicken on the Kansas
border , nnd , the settlers naturally ob
jecting to periodical invasions of wild
jattle , the Northern rendezvous was
noved to the vicinity' of Topeka. It
lid not stay long there , for many reasons ,
md , after a general consultation among
lealers , Abiline , a new town on the
Kansas Pacific , some twenty-five miles
farther west , was selected as the future
jattle market of the Western country ,
[ t was surrounded by rolling prairies
itill covered with buffalo-grass , well
lupplied with water , easily reached
rom the South and connected with tlio
JSast by a line of railway. Lippincott's
- 03e -
Tlie Empress Eugenie.
Eugenie do Montijo , Countess of
Ceba , was a beautiful woman of 27 ,
vho had had a youth of vicissitudes ,
indwas well known in many capitals
or her beauty , grace nnd rank , which ,
laving no fortune to support them ,
jained her and her mother only theun-
leserved title of adventuresses. The
nalice of party has raged fiercely
igainst this lady's name , but there islet
lot n particle of proof to sustain it.
tier ability , her affectionate devotion to
lie interests of her family , and her re-
igious fervor are , so for as the world
mows , as unquestionable as her beauty
ind her personal charm. No Queen in
listory has better fulfilled a Queen's
luty as leader of the fashions ;
vhile she reigned , the dress of.
roinon was at once beautiful , decent ,
.ud convenient. Hers-was the prettiest
ace , the most graceful bearing , the most
finning sinile , in all that dazzling court
if the Tuileries. But she had a Span-
ard's love of political intrigue , and nn
Lndolusian's bigotry , and she contrib-
ited powerfully to engage her husband
u the evil -way that led his policy to
Some and his army to Sedan. There
3 a story told by Arsene Houssaye
ertainly no unfriendly chronicler
hat at.'the Cabinet Council called to de-
ide the question of pence nnd war
fter the final interview of Benedetti
rith King "William at Ems , the pacee
arty carried the day , and the Emperor
rent to bed. But the Empress , being
2ft behind with the council , won over
o her warlike views the gallant De
Jrammont nnd the absurd Lebceuf , nnd
eversed the decision , and then went in
riumpli to the Emperor's chamber ,
rhere hewas sleeping the sleep of the
ust , and gained his assent to the fatal
eclaration which was made next day
y the jaunty De Grammont , with his
ands in his pockets , and by Oliver ,
ith his ccaur leg er. Harper's 3faga-
American Art at Home.
An English traveler in this country ,
ho careiully observed the progress of
mericau art , was surprised that Ameri-
ins appeared to have no standard of
leritof their own. He observed that
le American artist , neither socially nor
nancially , came near liis "brother in
ondon , nnd that he must leave his own
mntry and mnke n nnine in London ,
aria or Rome before his own people
ill believe in him. The truth of this
known to all .
men. Our collectors go
> road , expend great sums on foreign
tists , on works that undoubtedly nro
orth the money given , but native art-
ts are left to languish. The advance
ade inwood engraving in this ceuntrv
the encouragement of several pr < >
ressive publishing houses , shows what
raerican art is capable of. This is the
ily field in which our nrtista have been
ven any chance. On the other hand
hen forced to go abroad , the American
list suffers under many disadvantages
e is poor , and in the straggle for posi-
au is trials are many. "When , after
: ors of kard work , he wins n place
en then the American patron of art is
ther coy. New York Commercial
Krso Louis of Eavnria has contrail
mama of fondness for Bismarck his
riiier animosity having passed awav :
it the other GeJman
: e iron Chancellor as much
as ever for
g -wiped out their petty courts
Tnc White House is
; oing to have a
: e floor , imported from i Jtoke-on-Trent
COOL rain-water and soda will remove
achme grease frofa washable fabrics.