McCook weekly tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 188?-1886, April 17, 1884, Image 6

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' " * "
The ekles are clear ,
The'boys all cheer , *
F,6r baseballseason now Is here" ; ' "
. ' iWlth.bat In hand , - ;
; - The bawling band J ,
' Perambulate throughout the land" .
The sideslnstalled , *
j * TThen < vtime' > ils called' ; "
[ And battle orders loudly bawled.
; With ringing shout
r * The players rout - .
And try to put each other out.
V'--.The pitcher he ,
. < i'nWlth'savage .gipe
-Throws wlldlv , with celerity
' ' ' The catcher stands ,
As he expands , *
x The umpire by ,
I tb watchful eye ,
Looks out for , balls that.louljy fly.
'He doth preserve -
An iron nerve" ,
And.f rom his duty ne'eu will swerve.
jL ' The game is o'er ;
' " * ' . . _ .They count the score , 1 ,
V And one side's very sick and sore.
The doctor comes ,
And blithely hums
fixing up their broken thumbs.
[ Krys , In N. Y. Journal.
Secretary Teller's Order Regarding the
j . . . .Sale ;
WASHINGTON , D. C. March 29 , 1884. f
Pursuant to act of congress approved
August 7,1882 , (22nd statutes , page
341) lands within "the .Omaha Indian
reseivation in Nebraska , embraced in
townships 24 and 25 north , of ranges 5 ,
6 and 7 east , will be thrown open to
settlement on Wednesday , April 30 ,
1884 , at 12 o'clock , noon , under the
following rules and regulations :
Within thirty days from date of set
tlement the party'must file his declaratory -
tory statement , the same asin pre
emption cases , paying a fee of $2 there
for , , accompanying said filing by an af
fidavit ( corroborated ) setting forth the
character of settlement , which affidavit
may be made before- the district land
officers at Neligh , Neb. , or. the clerk of
the court of the county .in .which the
land is situated , or before a 'United
States commissioner at Bancroft or
Wisner , Neb. At any time after six
months from date df' filing and within
one year irom April 30,1884 , the set
tler must make actualentry of theland ,
submit final proof , and make the first
payment therefor. Within one year
from such actual entry he shall make
the second payment , and make final
payment within two , years-with inter
est on deferred'payments at the rate of
five per centum per annum.
Full payment may be made , at the
date of entry if SQ desired. In default
of either of such payments for a period
of-sixty days , the party forfeits all right
to the.landVand any payments he may
have made. In no case shall any lands
be disposed of at less than'ttie appraised
value thereof. The right of settlement
and purchase is restricted to persons
who have arrived at ' the age of twenty-
one years , of are the'Tieads of families ,
and whoarecitizens'ofthe United States
or- have declared their intention to be
come such ; and no" person" can "pur
chase linless'he is a hpna , fide , settler ,
actually occupying theland , and hav
ing valuable. , improvements thereon.
.Six months .residence and cultivation
must be shown as evidence of good
faith. Entries can be made only of
one quarter section , or 160 acres , " sex-
cept as provided in said act.
A descriptive list of the lands subject
to settlement , with appraisement there
of , has been furnished the district land
officers at Neligh.
None of the tracts lying east of the
right of way of the Sioux City and Ne-
"braska railroad are'subject to settle
ment or entry as above. ( See section
8pf .the act referred-to. )
' H. .M. TELLER , -
- - Secretary.
Cheating 0d } Age.
' New York Hour.
Old age , which used to come grad
ually and'be in no particular haste to
begin its visible , has .recently
caught the spirit of "the time and advanced -
vanced upon some people at a gallop
ing pace. The fault is with the victims
themselves. The life endurance of any
given person is fixed by .nature , and
the man who draws most largely and
steadily upon his physical capital must
be the , first to display gray hairs and
discover chronic bodily weaknesses.
Any "one can find scores of men who at
So.have whitening heads" and _ nerves
' that need ' 'bracing" at short intervals
every day. Whether they reach this
condition by too much work or too
much play ( of the kind that unchari
table persons call dissipation ) , the in-
t .5 . , " dications of hastening age are equally
* - " significant. How is the progress of
* * " . the'destroyer to be arrested ?
Many physicians are devoting them
selves to prolonging .the lives of per
sons who-are not ill , yet they have be
gun to wear away too : rapidly. Among
the practitioners who study the subject
carefully there seems to be but little
difference of method. Their first.and
hardest work is to convince their pa-
lientsthat dangerous to live'"fast"
* a word which has a special signifi
cance which makes it absolutely insult
ing to many eminently respectable trans
gressors of the laws of ihealth. It seems
impossible to persuade a merchant whoH
does more work in one hour than his
best olerk can do in three that he is
'guilty of fast living and dissipation ,
even if he never drinks a drop and re
frains from all improper pleasures.
' The. lawyer or broker who accomplishes
'wonders in the morning , but feels a
sense of "goneness" early in the afternoon -
. noon , cannot be made to believe that
part of him is literally gone , and .that
if he urges himself beyond that point ,
without first taking a little rest , he ex
pends vitality with frightful .rapidity.
Ladies who , between household cares ,
religious duties and social responsibil
ities ) are steadily active from 8 in the
morning until-midnight , , sometimes
I . .wonder why they lose the freshness of. I
* . . - * *
youth , while some of their sex , whom
they occasionally gee , 'but would not
for worlds speak to , preserve face and
figure in spite of lives of which the less
said the better.
But when these , as well as less inno
cent classes , are convinced that'they
are living ted rapidly , able physicians
begin to arrest the advance of age by
urging rest. No practitioner of high
standing now.prescribes stimulants to
any persons not really ill , excepting to
those who arc absolutely compelled to
more exertion than is good for them.
Short periods of relaxation throughout
the day are always found beneficial ;
some business men have been greatly
helped by dropping upon < a lounge for
five-minutes in every hour or two ; they
may .not cannot stop thinking- but
there seems great relief in merely as
suming a recumbent position for a lit
tle while. During the recent civil war
a general , whose men were noted for
coming out of a hard march in fine
fighting condition , attributed his suc
cess to his imperative order that his
men should lie down whenever a halt
was ordered. / Regular and full hours
for sleep are , also insisted upon , and
until the patient endeavors to adhere
closely to this rule he does not begin to
comprehend how nature's great restora
tive is diminished in quantity by the
demands of business and society in a
great city. One or two half-nights of
sleep do not seem to mar the health of
young people , but any person who has
reached the age of 35 is weakened by
such privations , and few of them who
have active nerves' can ever make good
the loss.
" " is tabooed
"High living" remorselessly
booed not only the custom of drink
ing a great deal of wine at dinner but
that of eating concentrated food with
stimulating condiments and * sauces.
Much meat and little vegetable is the
.rule with active people in large cities.
It is the result of a physical craving ,
born of the rapid waste of physical
tissue for stimulation. A hardworking
ing farmer , who is in the open air all
day , would not because he could not
eat'as much meat as a slightly-built
business man will consume daily in
New York , and he would become ex
citable almost to madness were he to
partake as sparingly of bread and veg
etables. Good physicians place uo re
striction on the quantity of food for a
city man or woman , but they urge that
the proportion of meat and pastries to
vegetables be lessened. The free use
of fruit and milk is strongiy advocated
to correct the bad effects of over-ealing
and of stimulating food. Fruit juices
are believed to accelerate the natural
and healthful action of the alimentary
canal , to prevent the retention of wast
ed tissue and to maintain at its normal
condition the prespiratory system , one
of the most important and least re
membered portions of the physical
machinery. While not delaying > r di
minishing nutrition in any way , truit ,
if used in sufficient quantity , is known
to lower the temperature of the blood
that is overheated by liberal feeding
combined with lack of exercise. Every
one should eat berries , melons and
peaches during the summer months ,
but in eight of the twelve months of
the year fruit is regarded as a luxury '
rather than as a necessity. A physician
with a large practice said recently that
careful inquiry failed to discover that
any one of his patients ever bought
apples' , except for special treatment in
the kitchen , although the apple. i.the
most abundant , cheap , and "ever-pres
ent of the fruits which are peculiarly ,
beneficial as food/
The few rules'giveh above"do not ob
viate the necessity for special treatment
of .persons who are growing old too
rapidly , for age nearly always mani
fests its approach by finding its victim's
weakest part and attacking it. They
are , however , so contrary to general'
custom that they will be new to most
people who read them , as they are to
nearly all who1 obtain them , for the
first time , from family physicians.
Making Paper Fails.
There is a paperware factory in Syr
acuse , New York , that is intended to
turn out 500 paper pails per day. The
Syracuse Herald describes the process
of making them as follows : Rags and
paper waste , are steamed in vats for a
few hours and then thrown into beating
troughs , which are partly filled with
water. The "beating" is done by a
revolving cylinder with fifty knives , set
at different angles. The knives reduce
th'e rags to a dirty purple pulp and
change the -newspaper wrappers to a
soft mass. About 400 pounds of mate
rial are put under each beater. When
paper and rags are each reduced to
pulp the opening of a trap lets it run
into the stuff chest in the cellar.One
part of a rag pulp to three of paper is
run into chest. When pumped from
the stuff chest into the trough of the
winding machine the future pail looks
like thin water gruel. A hollow cylin
der covered with -brass wire splashes
around in the trough and the pulp
clings fast to the wire. After the cyl
inder has performed a half revolution
it comes in contact with another cylin
der , covered with felt , that takes off
the pulp. As the cylinder goes down
on the return trip , and just before dip
ping into the trough again , all little
particles of pulp sticking to the wire
are washed off by streams of water
from a sieve. On the inside of the cyl
inder is a fan-pump that discharges the
waste liquid. * From the felt-covered
cylinder the pulp is payed on to the
forming cylinder , so-called. It is about
the. shape of the paper-cone caps
worn by bakers and cooks , but
made of' ' solid wood and covered
with.zinc with the small end , or bottom
tom part of the pail , toward the work
man. The forming roll drops auto
matically when pulp of' the required
thickness is wound around it. From
here the now promising pail is put in
the -pressing machine , which looks
something like a silk hat block , in six
sections , with perforated brass wire
upper faces. The sections move from
and to a common center , and the frame
is the exact size of the pail wanted.
-The wjorkman dropped his damp skel
eton of a pail into the frame , couched a
lever , antt'the sections moved , to their
center and squeezed the moisture out
of the pail' The pail is still -ft little
damp , and spends -a.few Tiours in the
drying room at a temperature of about
150. The sections of the pressing- ma
chine mark the bands which are seen
on the" finished pail. Alter it is dry the
pail isironed , or calendered , as it is
called. The pail is drawn , like a glove ,
over a steel forming roll , which is heat
ed , and is ironed by another revolving
calendar , with steam thrown on the
pail to keep it moist , as if it were a shirt
bosom. The pail , or rather its frame ,
is pared at each end , punched with
four holes to fasten on the handle , and
corrugated , or channeled , for the put
ting on of the iron hoops. A wooden
plate large enough to spring the pail so
that the bottom can be .put in , is in
serted and the paper bottom held under
a weight which drops and knocks the
bottom where it belongs. The hoops
are then put on.
The factory has a machine of its own
invention for the bending of the hoops
into shape. After it has been cut to
.the proper length and width the straight
strip of iron is run over a semi-circular
edge of steel , on which it is firmly held ,
and drops on the floor a rounded hoop
with a fold in the middle to catch the
top and bottom edges of the pail.
After a waterproof composition is put
on , the pail is baked in a kiln for about
forty-eight hours at a temperature of
between two hundred and 'three hun
dred degrees. It is dried after its first
coat of paint and sandpapered , and
then takes two more coats of paints ,
with a drying between , and ii coat of
varnish which .is baked.on , before
with its wooden handle and brass
clamps the pail is ready for the hand
of the dairy maid , hostler or cook.
The advocates of paper pails claim
that they are lighter , cheaper and more
durable than those of tin or wood.
John 6. Saxe's Joke.
Hartford Courant.
Mr. Saxe had long been a contribu
tor to The Knickerbocker and a cor
respondent of its ed'tor before he and
that editor met. One day Lewis Gaylord -
lord Clark was seated in his library ,
hard at work , when a stranger opened
the door and entered unannounced. He
was a large man , whose thick boots and
modest raiment were covered with
country dust. "Hello , Clark , " he
said , "how air you ? How's the folks ?
Wot'snew ? " Clark , who was the pink
of courtesy , arose , bowed stiffly and
begged the stranger to be seated."Wai ,
old feller'how'er yer bin ? ' ' resumed
the-vistor after he had taken a seat.
"Look rayther yallerbout the dew
laps. Not bin h'istin' too much gin and
pepperment , I hope eh ? " "Sir ! "
answered Clark with dignity , "may 1
inquire whom I have " How's Clara
and the young folks ? " "Sir ! " All
the time the stranger was propounding
these kindly inquiries he was edging
his chair bit by bit closer and closer to
Mr. Clark , who , beginning to get quite
nervous , was vainly trying to keep his
distance by the same system of tactics.
"Well , Old Hess , I'm mighty glad to
see yer. Give us a grip of yer potato
rake" extending his own hand cordi
ally , and then bringing it down with a
thump on the writing tablewhich made
the pens and ink and all the little ar
ticles of virtu jump again. "Say , Lewis ,
I feel dry. You hain't got no rum
'round the shanty , hev yer ? No , I
bet you've bin and soaked it all up
yourself , ye old sinner ; " and
here he poked Clark in the ribs with
the end of a piece of shrubbery which
stood to him in place of a cane , at the
same time advancing his chair two
hitches on Clark's left flank. "But ,
say , Clark , I'll tell yer wet ; you lend
me a quarter and I'll run up to that
gin-mill on the corner and git yer bottle
tle filled , thenwe'11 hev a quiet , socia
ble time together. - What d'yer say ?
Is it a deal ? " Here the stranger threw
himse back in the chair , and , raising
one of his huge dusty boots , laid it con
fidingly on Clark's knee. "Sir , " said
Clark , jumping to his feet , "I have not
the pleasure of your acquaintance , and
must therefore beg you to leave my
house , as both my privacy and my time
are of value to me. " Again the stran
ger threw himself back in his chair ,
and , laughing heartily , exclaimed :
"Excuse my joke , Mr. Clark , but I am
John G. Saxe. I thought we had known
each other long enough by correspond
ence , and ought to make each other's
acquaintance personally , so I have just
taken a run down the river to see you. "
When Clark had recovered from his
first astonishment he shook his old con
tributor cordially by the hand , and
tradition says they "made a night of
it. "
Picking : Out a "Wife Among the Immi
New Toifc Herald.
"I want a wife ; can you get me
one ? "
This was the queation asked of Supt.
Jackson at Castle Garden by a well-
dressed , prosperous-looking man , with
an intelligent German face. He de
scribed himself as Willam Mock , a
widower , aged 36 years , and a resident
of Mount Vernon , Westchester county.
Mock said he was a florist , with a com
fortable business , and could give good
references as to his character for in
dustry and sobriety. He wanted a wife
and helpmate in his household , took
an extremely practical and business
like view of the matter , had neither
time nor inclination for love-making
"and such foolishness , " and , therefore ,
he said , he went to Castle Garden in the
hope that the superintendent would
pick out a strong , good-tempered and
sensible young German girl for him.
Mr. Jackson turned the case over to
Detective Peter Groden , who , it is said ,
has been instrumental in bringing
about more marriages than any other
man in New York. Groden and Mock
walked about the rotunda inspecting
all the German girls on hand. Only
two of them seemed to please the un
sentimental florist. One buxom frau-
lein , ho said , might do , but she , when
approachedsaid she wouldn't marry a
stranger. The other maiden smiled
amiably and said she was willing , but
Mock withdrew his proposal upon
learning that she was not in very good
"I am coming again , " said Mock ,
when he left Castle Garden ; "I may
be more fortunate next time. "
Jumbo is thp suggestive name of a
town recently incorporated in Texas.
_ _
* B B
I lately talked with orfo who strove
To show that all my way was dim ,
That his alone the road to Heaven ;
And thus It was I answered him :
'Strike not the staff I hold away ,
You cannot give me jours , dear friend ;
Up the steep hill our paths are set
In different ways , to one sure .end.
" Whut , , though with eagle glance upflxed
On heights beyond , our mortal ken ,
You tread the broad , sure stones of Faith
More firmly than do weaker men.
' 'To each according to his strength ;
But as we leave the plains below
Let us carve-out a wider stair ,
A broader pathway through the snow.
' 'And when upon the golden crest
Wo stand at last together , freed
From mists that circle round the base ,
And clouds that but obscure our creed ,
"We shall perceive that though our steos
Have wander'd wide apart , dear friend ,
No pathway can be wholly wrens :
That leads unto one perfect end. "
[ Every Other Saturday.
One of the plans to make Paris a sea
port is to convert the river Seme into
a canal ninety-eight feet wide. The
cost of dredging , etc. , is estimated at
§ 20,000,000.
The brain of the celebrated Russian
author Turgeneff has been found to
have the extraordinary weight of 2,012
grammes. It was exceedingly symme
trical , and the great amplitude of the
convolutions was remarkable.
Commenting on boiler insurance ,
The Engineer says it is a noteworthy
fact that none of the companies has
ever put forward any statistics to prove
that the practice of insurance has de
creased the number of boiler explos
Professor Dieulafait , lecturing re
cently at the Sorbonne , contended that
metalliferious minerals have been ex
tracted by sea water from the older
rocks , but admitted that it is by no
means certain they are all of sedimen
tary origin.
It is reported that at one of the Geth-
in coal mine explosions a callier was
able to traverse the whole of the work
ing in making an exploration while the
pic was full ot gas , his cap , saturated
with cold tea and held to the mouth and
nostrils , proving an efficient safeguard.
M. F. Dupont in a paper on a certain
carboniferous limestones explains the
formation of the older marine rocks of
organic origin by causes still in opera
tion , and irom this deduces a fresh
proof the value of the comparative
method applied to the study of the past
geology of the globe.
To ebonize mahogany , apply acetate
of iron , French stain , with a brush be
fore polishing , when it will be seen that
it strikes well into the wood and takes
a fine finish. Unless a large quantity
of the stain is required it is cheaper to
purchase it. Several good recipes for
its preparation are to be had in the
This is how corn pops : When pop
corn is gradually heated , and so hot
that the oil inside the kernels turns to
gas , this gas cannot escape through the
hull of the kernels , but when the inte
rior pressure gets strong enough it
bursts the grain , and the explosion is
so violent that it shatters it in the most
curious manner.
One of the most remarkable storms
which ever passed diagonally over the
British Isles was that which began at
noon of January 26th and ended On the
next day at 3 o'clock in the afternoon.
Never before was there so low a barcm-
eter reading as 27.32 inches recorded ,
a fact which was verified by Mr. W.
A recent calculation shows that a
man weighing 140 pounds , and running
a mile in six minutes performs work
about to that of half-horse
equal a - en
gine , while a walker sustaining five
miles-an honr for a long day does work
equal to that of a quarter-horse engine
and consumes only one-twentieth of the
woischt , or food or fuel.
His Honor , Judge Lynch.
The cry goes up over the country , in
the fierce light of the bale fire of the
Cincinnati mob , that we need harsher
laws for criminals , and there is a de
mand that such additional laws shall
be enacted. Public sentiment goes
wrong in this. We have laws enough ,
and severe laws enough , but thev are
not enforced. It is not the mere stat
ute penalties for crime that is demand
ed. But it is certainty in the enforce
ment of the laws and penalties that we
have. Here is the wide-open gate of
trouble. The average court is too su
pine in action or too cowardly 'to en
force the penalties. No more severe
law and penalty can be enacted for
murder than death. Ohio has that.
Iowa has it. Every state in the union
but one has it. When Iowa was with
out it , for four years , and murder still
went on , it was said that he exit of the
gallows had made crime fearless and
murder common , and popular clamor
recalled the gibbet. It was urged that
that would stop the prevalence of
crime. But' it did not , for the real ,
trouble continued still the courts were
weak , juries were weak , the law was
not enforced and its penalties not ap
plied. It was the old trouble plenty
of law , severe enough penalties , but
unfaithful , timid , or corrupt courts.
As a consequence murder has ever
since gone on , and the restored gallows
has had no work to do , although more
murders have been committed annual
ly since its return than were during the
years of its absence.
Now murder is one of the safest of
crimes to commit in Iowa. There have
been over two hundred murders in Iowa
since 1864 , and not a murderer has
been hanged. Very few have had life
sentences ; the most have had light sen
tences , and many have been acquitted.
In Des Moines alone two of the cold
est-blooded murderers known in the
history of the state wore acquitted last
year , aud turned loose to kill others.
For men. who have once put their
hands in human blood , and are turned
loose without punishment for it , con
sider themselves us becoming charter
ed murderers , and laugh at courts and
law. Other cities and counties have
bad the same experience , and it is said
to be true that 'three-fourths of the
men who have committed murder in
Iowa in the.past' twenty years are now
at large.
This is the fly in the ointment. It is
not more law that is needed. It is the
more certain enforcement of the law
we have. Public sentiment is the
power to change the situation. As it
is.the sentiment goes .too often with the
muitlerer , and the best of lawyers will
hire out to * , he worst of uiurdr rers , not
to aee that he has a fair trial and a fair
show , but to resort to every device , fair
and otherwise , to clear him entirely.
According to the maxim of the law and
the proverb of the profession , as it used
to be , a lawyer is an officer of the court ,
to aid it in administering justiou. Now
many of the best lawyers sell .them
selves to the worst of murderers to help
deceive the court and to cheat justice ,
and to encourage and multiply crime.
Crime always has money and always
has good lawyers. The people elect
too' often weak men to prosecute.
JUries are packed in the face of'the
court. The murderer's family are
dramatically paraded before them as a
device to supplant judgment with sym
pathy , and too frequently court , jury
and-all go off in tears at.the sight , for-
getting-justice , forgetting the rights of
society , and forgetting also the far
more injured family of the man mur
The drift among lawyers in the
United States for the lastflfty years has
been to take the most money that can
be had to hire them to trick the courts
into wrong and to cheat the people out
of justice. We need to go back to the
old-fashioned way of abhorring murder
and loathing murderers , and to go
back to the clays when no lawyer , how-
eyer great of well paid , could make a
hero out of imurderer. . With this ,
and strong men elected to the bench ,
and a judge who will carry out the law
and compel the best men in the com
munity to serve on juries , the good
work Avill be done , the law enforced ,
the punishment applied , and crime
If it is not done trouble is to come to
every place as it has already come in
Cincinnati. More than a majority of
the communities in the United States
are ripening into the same feeling
which broke into fire and blood so fero
ciously at Cincinnati. This is true of
Iowa. In this state murder is not pun
ished , and crime is increasing , and hu
man life is very cheap , and no one feels
the security of the law , and it may be
said that now in this state if the courts
shall repeat the past 3 ears and clear
the most of the murderers or give them
light sentences , there will be trouble
here. For his honor , Judge Lynchwill
set up his gallows , and punish the
criminals which the courts of the state
have shown for twenty years that they
will not punish. Society has never
given up wholly its right to protect it
self , and canndt do so. It has put the
power of protection partially in the
hands of the courts. But if they shall
persist in making murder popular , as
they have too largely done for twenty
years , society will take the power back
into its own hands , and clear Iowa air
of all this namby-pambyism which has
made murder the safest of all crimes to
commit in the state.
Wellington's Watches.
Bt. James Gazette.
The Duke of Wellington was ex
tremely fond of watches , and needed to
have at least half a dozen within reach
and all ticking their liveliest at once ,
and this is but half the story. Fearing
that some ill might befall those just un
der his eye , orders were given when
ever the great man traveled to have as
many more stowed away in a portman
teau made to fit his "carriage. One
timepiece was , above all others , his
acknowledged favorite ; it was of old-
fashioned English construction and had
once been the property of Tippoo
Sahib. Another of the duke's treas
ures had a strange history. Napoleon
hud ordered it of Breguet for the fob of
his brother Joseph , and , as an extra
curiosity , directed a miniature map of
Spain to be wrought in niello on one
side and the imperial and royal arms
on the other. Just as. this lovely gift
was finished Joseph was driven out of
his kingdom by the duke , and the cm-
pnror , for reasons best known to him
self , refused to take or pay for the
costly bauble. At the peac e it was
purchased fromBreguet and presented
by Sir E. Paget to the Duke of Wel
lington. Another watch owned by the
duke was made for Marshal Junot , and
a great horological curiosity it is. There
has never been more than two others
like it. They are constructed to mark
both lunar and weekly movements.
The great duke gave preferenc to cer
tain montres de touche and he had
several of them a contrivance jof Bre
guet , having sundry stubs or knobs by
which one could feel what hour it Jwas ,
and this merely by what seemed "just
fumbling in his pocket. "
The Greatest of Suns.
Chicago Times.
Messrs. Hough and Burnham , of the
Dearborn Observatory , have been en
gaged lately in micrometrical measure
ments of the companion of Sinus , the
brightest star by far in the whole
heavens. The distance of Sirins from
the earth is estimated to be 1,375,000
times greater than the distance of the
sun , or about 123,750,000,000,000 miles.
Or , to measure its distance another
way , its light , traveling at the rate of
180,000 iriles in a second , would be
more than twenty-one years in reaching
the earth. In other words still , the as
tronomer who turns his telescope now
on the stars sees it as it as it was more
than a score of years ago. The dimen
sions of the starmustbeenermous , even
as compared with the sun , for it is quite
twice the brilliancy of any of its com
panions , while our sun at that distance
would probably appear like a star of
the fourth magnitude.
The discovery of the companion of
Sinus was made by the Chicago in
strument ; not , however , by any of our
local astronomers. Mr. Clark , the
maker of the telescope , mounted it
temporarily i'or trial at Carnbrfdgo , and ,
turning it upon SirlUs , was amazed and
dolfghtedto findtv little'star ' of the
tenth magnitude , which it had boon
suspected must bo near the great lumi
nary. . According to Mr. Burnbam ,
who for several years has kept watch of
this pair , the companion moves in pos
ition angle between'threo and five de
crees a year , , and approaches the prim
ary about three ot four-tenths of a second
end for that period. It will soon , ho
eays , . near its primary .as t < es
cape observation , bv reason of the great
brilliancy of .the brighter -stars. In
deed , it is owing to the brightness
of Sirius that astronomers failed"for so
long a time to discover the companion ,
the latter being within the power of a
small telescope were it not so close tea
a brilliant luminary. Sirius is the
bright star seen nearly due south and
about thirty degrees from the horizon
just after nightfall. It is to the left of
the conspicuous constellation Orion and
lower down.
Velvet will be combined with the fine
gauzes and other transparent tissues
worn the coming season. Gauze bodices
ices , it is said , will have velvet facings
turned down to form a bertha. Simi
lar facings , added to the short sleeves ,
and cockade bows of velvet to corres
pond , are set hero and there , butterfly
fashion , among the folds of the cloudlike - ' '
like drapings.
Many hats have no longer broad
brims , but the crowns are high. The
brims , are usually lined with puffed vel
vet , which is very becoming when
placed against the face. A oapote for
visiting or evening wear may bo of
light gray English crape. The shirred
crown is of thesame crape , and around
the bonnet are two mailings of black
velvet lined with silk !
Serge , cashmere and finest Austrian
wool dresses in pin-check patterns ,
with stripes of colored satin alternat
ing , will be very fashionably worn this
spring on the promenade. Many of
these costumes will be formed entirely ' 1
of the striped materials , while others
will be made up in conjuncton with /
one-colored fabrics ; the polonaise or
waistcoat and panels being made up of
the latter material.
Briliiant-hued arabesques , loaf de
signs , small flowers and vines , heraldic
figures and small fruits are now exhib
ited in new dress and cloak garnitures
of plush and chenille. These are dis
played on the fronts of the Louis XLV
waistcoats , the edges of the panels ,
cutaway jacket , deep collar and cuffs. '
Medium-sized buttons to correspond 'I
accompany these effective and elegant 1
Doing House Work My Wny.
Anna B. McMabon in The 'current.
During the difficult and arduous per
iod of "breaking in" a new girl , most
women say : "Do thus and do so , be
cause this is my way. " When the back
is turned , instantly the maid does it
another and probably a poorer way ,
because it is her way. But if my way
were shown to be the best one and for
what reasons , and it were seen that the
lady herself found it not less fitting and
beautiful to practice the best -way in
the work of the kitchen than in her
other affairs , then the work seems no
longer menial but dignified. Though
tedious at first it pays because of the
principle involved. For the same rea
son it is a great advantage to make
friendly visits to the kitchen , listen to
experiences , discuss methods , because
this shows a respect for the wof k , and *
is as far as possible from that "famili
arity which breeds contempt" which
comes from mere chat. There are
hundreds of little ways in which a mis
tress with tact and a genuine respect
for the work and the worker , can make
this felt and as an incentive to good
work it is beyond calculation.
Then , the average mistress is often
guilty of ignoring the sensibilities of
her hand-maiden. Grant all that may
be said of "the ignorance , dullness , in
difference , indolence , extravagance , re
belliousness , and recklessness of the
present body of domestic workers , still
these difficulties are not met in the right
way and spirit. It is notin the right
way when children are allowed to make
sport of the blunders , when a lady cor
rects them in the presence of guests or
others , nor when she "nags" contin
ually , nor when she holds up the vir
tues of some predecessor , nor when she
reproves every wrong and failure but
fails to praie generously the successes
or approximations thereto.
Why Eyes Shine.
Dr. Swan M. Burnett. In Popular Science ilonthJy
Place a child ( because the pupils of
children are large ) , and by preference
a blonde , at a distance of * , en or fifteen
feet from a lamp which is the only
source of light in a room , and cause it
to look at some object in the direction
of the lamp , turning the eye you wish
to look at slightly inward toward the
nose. Now , put your own eye close
behind the lamp flame , with a card be
tween it and the flame. If you will
then look close by the edge of the
flame covered by the card into the eye
of the child , you will see , inst-ad of a
perfectly black pupil , a reddish-yellow
circle. If the eye happens to be hyper-
metropic , you will be able to see the
red reflex when your own eye is at some
distance to one side of the flame. This
is the true explanation of the luminous
appearance of the eyes of some animals
when they are in comparative obscur
ity. It is simply the light reflected
from the bottom of their eyes , which is
generally of a reddish tinge on account
of the red blood in the vascula' ' layer
of the choroid back of the semitransparent
parent retini , and not light that is gen
erated there at all. This reflection is
most apparent when the animal is in
obscurity , but the observer must be in
the light , and somewhat in the relative
position indicated in the above-de
scribed experiment that is , the eye of
the observer must be on the same line
with the light and the observed eye.
The eyes of nearly all animals are
bypermetropic , most of them very
highly so , so that they send out out the
rays of light which have entered them
in a very diverging manner.
A foul delivery The poultry deaJ-