McCook weekly tribune. (McCook, Neb.) 188?-1886, April 17, 1884, Image 6
< IN TOE FIELD ' " * " The ekles are clear , The'boys all cheer , * F,6r baseballseason now Is here" ; ' " . ' iWlth.bat In hand , - ; ; - The bawling band J , ' Perambulate throughout the land" . The sideslnstalled , * j * TThen < vtime' > ils called' ; " [ And battle orders loudly bawled. ; With ringing shout r * The players rout - . And try to put each other out. V'--.The pitcher he , . < i'nWlth'savage .gipe -Throws wlldlv , with celerity ' ' ' The catcher stands , As he expands , * x The umpire by , I tb watchful eye , Looks out for , balls that.louljy fly. 'He doth preserve - An iron nerve" , And.f rom his duty ne'eu will swerve. jL ' The game is o'er ; ( ' " * ' . . _ .They count the score , 1 , V And one side's very sick and sore. The doctor comes , And blithely hums fixing up their broken thumbs. [ Krys , In N. Y. Journal. THE OJUIU LANDS. Secretary Teller's Order Regarding the j . . . .Sale ; > DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR , ) WASHINGTON , D. C. March 29 , 1884. f Pursuant to act of congress approved August 7,1882 , (22nd statutes , page 341) lands within "the .Omaha Indian reseivation in Nebraska , embraced in townships 24 and 25 north , of ranges 5 , 6 and 7 east , will be thrown open to settlement on Wednesday , April 30 , 1884 , at 12 o'clock , noon , under the following rules and regulations : Within thirty days from date of set tlement the party'must file his declaratory - tory statement , the same asin pre emption cases , paying a fee of $2 there for , , accompanying said filing by an af fidavit ( corroborated ) setting forth the character of settlement , which affidavit may be made before- the district land officers at Neligh , Neb. , or. the clerk of the court of the county .in .which the land is situated , or before a 'United States commissioner at Bancroft or Wisner , Neb. At any time after six months from date df' filing and within one year irom April 30,1884 , the set tler must make actualentry of theland , submit final proof , and make the first payment therefor. Within one year from such actual entry he shall make the second payment , and make final payment within two , years-with inter est on deferred'payments at the rate of five per centum per annum. Full payment may be made , at the date of entry if SQ desired. In default of either of such payments for a period of-sixty days , the party forfeits all right to the.landVand any payments he may have made. In no case shall any lands ' be disposed of at less than'ttie appraised value thereof. The right of settlement and purchase is restricted to persons who have arrived at ' the age of twenty- one years , of are the'Tieads of families , and whoarecitizens'ofthe United States or- have declared their intention to be come such ; and no" person" can "pur chase linless'he is a hpna , fide , settler , actually occupying theland , and hav ing valuable. , improvements thereon. .Six months .residence and cultivation must be shown as evidence of good faith. Entries can be made only of one quarter section , or 160 acres , " sex- cept as provided in said act. A descriptive list of the lands subject to settlement , with appraisement there of , has been furnished the district land officers at Neligh. None of the tracts lying east of the right of way of the Sioux City and Ne- "braska railroad are'subject to settle ment or entry as above. ( See section 8pf .the act referred-to. ) ' H. .M. TELLER , - - - Secretary. Cheating 0d } Age. ' New York Hour. Old age , which used to come grad ually and'be in no particular haste to begin its visible progre.ss , has .recently caught the spirit of "the time and advanced - vanced upon some people at a gallop ing pace. The fault is with the victims themselves. The life endurance of any given person is fixed by .nature , and the man who draws most largely and steadily upon his physical capital must be the , first to display gray hairs and discover chronic bodily weaknesses. Any "one can find scores of men who at So.have whitening heads" and _ nerves ' that need ' 'bracing" at short intervals every day. Whether they reach this condition by too much work or too much play ( of the kind that unchari table persons call dissipation ) , the in- t .5 . , " dications of hastening age are equally * - " significant. How is the progress of t * * " . the'destroyer to be arrested ? Many physicians are devoting them selves to prolonging .the lives of per sons who-are not ill , yet they have be gun to wear away too : rapidly. Among the practitioners who study the subject carefully there seems to be but little difference of method. Their first.and hardest work is to convince their pa- lientsthat it.is dangerous to live'"fast" * a word which has a special signifi cance which makes it absolutely insult ing to many eminently respectable trans gressors of the laws of ihealth. It seems impossible to persuade a merchant whoH does more work in one hour than his best olerk can do in three that he is 'guilty of fast living and dissipation , even if he never drinks a drop and re frains from all improper pleasures. ' The. lawyer or broker who accomplishes 'wonders in the morning , but feels a sense of "goneness" early in the afternoon - . noon , cannot be made to believe that part of him is literally gone , and .that if he urges himself beyond that point , without first taking a little rest , he ex pends vitality with frightful .rapidity. Ladies who , between household cares , religious duties and social responsibil ities ) are steadily active from 8 in the morning until-midnight , , sometimes I . .wonder why they lose the freshness of. I * . . - * * youth , while some of their sex , whom they occasionally gee , 'but would not for worlds speak to , preserve face and figure in spite of lives of which the less said the better. But when these , as well as less inno cent classes , are convinced that'they are living ted rapidly , able physicians begin to arrest the advance of age by urging rest. No practitioner of high standing now.prescribes stimulants to any persons not really ill , excepting to those who arc absolutely compelled to more exertion than is good for them. Short periods of relaxation throughout the day are always found beneficial ; some business men have been greatly helped by dropping upon < a lounge for five-minutes in every hour or two ; they may .not cannot stop thinking- but there seems great relief in merely as suming a recumbent position for a lit tle while. During the recent civil war a general , whose men were noted for coming out of a hard march in fine fighting condition , attributed his suc cess to his imperative order that his men should lie down whenever a halt was ordered. / Regular and full hours for sleep are , also insisted upon , and until the patient endeavors to adhere closely to this rule he does not begin to comprehend how nature's great restora tive is diminished in quantity by the demands of business and society in a great city. One or two half-nights of sleep do not seem to mar the health of young people , but any person who has reached the age of 35 is weakened by such privations , and few of them who have active nerves' can ever make good the loss. " " is tabooed "High living" remorselessly booed not only the custom of drink ing a great deal of wine at dinner but that of eating concentrated food with stimulating condiments and * sauces. Much meat and little vegetable is the .rule with active people in large cities. It is the result of a physical craving , born of the rapid waste of physical tissue for stimulation. A hardworking ing farmer , who is in the open air all day , would not because he could not eat'as much meat as a slightly-built business man will consume daily in New York , and he would become ex citable almost to madness were he to partake as sparingly of bread and veg etables. Good physicians place uo re striction on the quantity of food for a city man or woman , but they urge that the proportion of meat and pastries to vegetables be lessened. The free use of fruit and milk is strongiy advocated to correct the bad effects of over-ealing and of stimulating food. Fruit juices are believed to accelerate the natural and healthful action of the alimentary canal , to prevent the retention of wast ed tissue and to maintain at its normal condition the prespiratory system , one of the most important and least re membered portions of the physical machinery. While not delaying > r di minishing nutrition in any way , truit , if used in sufficient quantity , is known to lower the temperature of the blood that is overheated by liberal feeding combined with lack of exercise. Every one should eat berries , melons and peaches during the summer months , but in eight of the twelve months of the year fruit is regarded as a luxury ' rather than as a necessity. A physician with a large practice said recently that careful inquiry failed to discover that any one of his patients ever bought apples' , except for special treatment in the kitchen , although the apple. i.the most abundant , cheap , and "ever-pres ent of the fruits which are peculiarly , beneficial as food/ The few rules'giveh above"do not ob viate the necessity for special treatment of .persons who are growing old too rapidly , for age nearly always mani fests its approach by finding its victim's weakest part and attacking it. They are , however , so contrary to general' custom that they will be new to most people who read them , as they are to nearly all who1 obtain them , for the first time , from family physicians. Making Paper Fails. There is a paperware factory in Syr acuse , New York , that is intended to turn out 500 paper pails per day. The Syracuse Herald describes the process of making them as follows : Rags and paper waste , are steamed in vats for a few hours and then thrown into beating troughs , which are partly filled with water. The "beating" is done by a revolving cylinder with fifty knives , set at different angles. The knives reduce th'e rags to a dirty purple pulp and change the -newspaper wrappers to a soft mass. About 400 pounds of mate rial are put under each beater. When paper and rags are each reduced to pulp the opening of a trap lets it run into the stuff chest in the cellar.One part of a rag pulp to three of paper is run into chest. When pumped from the stuff chest into the trough of the winding machine the future pail looks like thin water gruel. A hollow cylin der covered with -brass wire splashes around in the trough and the pulp clings fast to the wire. After the cyl inder has performed a half revolution it comes in contact with another cylin der , covered with felt , that takes off the pulp. As the cylinder goes down on the return trip , and just before dip ping into the trough again , all little particles of pulp sticking to the wire are washed off by streams of water from a sieve. On the inside of the cyl inder is a fan-pump that discharges the waste liquid. * From the felt-covered cylinder the pulp is payed on to the forming cylinder , so-called. It is about the. shape of the paper-cone caps worn by bakers and cooks , but made of' ' solid wood and covered with.zinc with the small end , or bottom tom part of the pail , toward the work man. The forming roll drops auto matically when pulp of' the required thickness is wound around it. From here the now promising pail is put in the -pressing machine , which looks something like a silk hat block , in six sections , with perforated brass wire upper faces. The sections move from and to a common center , and the frame is the exact size of the pail wanted. -The wjorkman dropped his damp skel eton of a pail into the frame , couched a lever , antt'the sections moved , to their center and squeezed the moisture out of the pail' The pail is still -ft little damp , and spends -a.few Tiours in the i drying room at a temperature of about 150. The sections of the pressing- ma chine mark the bands which are seen on the" finished pail. Alter it is dry the pail isironed , or calendered , as it is called. The pail is drawn , like a glove , over a steel forming roll , which is heat ed , and is ironed by another revolving calendar , with steam thrown on the pail to keep it moist , as if it were a shirt bosom. The pail , or rather its frame , is pared at each end , punched with four holes to fasten on the handle , and corrugated , or channeled , for the put ting on of the iron hoops. A wooden plate large enough to spring the pail so that the bottom can be .put in , is in serted and the paper bottom held under a weight which drops and knocks the bottom where it belongs. The hoops are then put on. The factory has a machine of its own invention for the bending of the hoops into shape. After it has been cut to .the proper length and width the straight strip of iron is run over a semi-circular edge of steel , on which it is firmly held , and drops on the floor a rounded hoop with a fold in the middle to catch the top and bottom edges of the pail. After a waterproof composition is put on , the pail is baked in a kiln for about forty-eight hours at a temperature of between two hundred and 'three hun dred degrees. It is dried after its first coat of paint and sandpapered , and then takes two more coats of paints , with a drying between , and ii coat of varnish which .is baked.on , before with its wooden handle and brass clamps the pail is ready for the hand of the dairy maid , hostler or cook. The advocates of paper pails claim that they are lighter , cheaper and more durable than those of tin or wood. John 6. Saxe's Joke. Hartford Courant. Mr. Saxe had long been a contribu tor to The Knickerbocker and a cor respondent of its ed'tor before he and that editor met. One day Lewis Gaylord - lord Clark was seated in his library , hard at work , when a stranger opened the door and entered unannounced. He was a large man , whose thick boots and modest raiment were covered with country dust. "Hello , Clark , " he said , "how air you ? How's the folks ? Wot'snew ? " Clark , who was the pink of courtesy , arose , bowed stiffly and begged the stranger to be seated."Wai , old feller'how'er yer bin ? ' ' resumed the-vistor after he had taken a seat. "Look rayther yallerbout the dew laps. Not bin h'istin' too much gin and pepperment , I hope eh ? " "Sir ! " answered Clark with dignity , "may 1 inquire whom I have " How's Clara and the young folks ? " "Sir ! " All the time the stranger was propounding these kindly inquiries he was edging his chair bit by bit closer and closer to Mr. Clark , who , beginning to get quite nervous , was vainly trying to keep his distance by the same system of tactics. "Well , Old Hess , I'm mighty glad to see yer. Give us a grip of yer potato rake" extending his own hand cordi ally , and then bringing it down with a thump on the writing tablewhich made the pens and ink and all the little ar ticles of virtu jump again. "Say , Lewis , I feel dry. You hain't got no rum 'round the shanty , hev yer ? No , I bet you've bin and soaked it all up yourself , ye old sinner ; " and here he poked Clark in the ribs with the end of a piece of shrubbery which stood to him in place of a cane , at the same time advancing his chair two hitches on Clark's left flank. "But , say , Clark , I'll tell yer wet ; you lend me a quarter and I'll run up to that gin-mill on the corner and git yer bottle tle filled , thenwe'11 hev a quiet , socia ble time together. - What d'yer say ? Is it a deal ? " Here the stranger threw himse back in the chair , and , raising one of his huge dusty boots , laid it con fidingly on Clark's knee. "Sir , " said Clark , jumping to his feet , "I have not the pleasure of your acquaintance , and must therefore beg you to leave my house , as both my privacy and my time are of value to me. " Again the stran ger threw himself back in his chair , and , laughing heartily , exclaimed : "Excuse my joke , Mr. Clark , but I am John G. Saxe. I thought we had known each other long enough by correspond ence , and ought to make each other's acquaintance personally , so I have just taken a run down the river to see you. " When Clark had recovered from his first astonishment he shook his old con tributor cordially by the hand , and tradition says they "made a night of it. " Picking : Out a "Wife Among the Immi grants. New Toifc Herald. "I want a wife ; can you get me one ? " This was the queation asked of Supt. Jackson at Castle Garden by a well- dressed , prosperous-looking man , with an intelligent German face. He de scribed himself as Willam Mock , a widower , aged 36 years , and a resident of Mount Vernon , Westchester county. Mock said he was a florist , with a com fortable business , and could give good references as to his character for in dustry and sobriety. He wanted a wife and helpmate in his household , took an extremely practical and business like view of the matter , had neither time nor inclination for love-making "and such foolishness , " and , therefore , he said , he went to Castle Garden in the hope that the superintendent would pick out a strong , good-tempered and sensible young German girl for him. Mr. Jackson turned the case over to Detective Peter Groden , who , it is said , has been instrumental in bringing about more marriages than any other man in New York. Groden and Mock walked about the rotunda inspecting all the German girls on hand. Only two of them seemed to please the un sentimental florist. One buxom frau- lein , ho said , might do , but she , when approachedsaid she wouldn't marry a stranger. The other maiden smiled amiably and said she was willing , but Mock withdrew his proposal upon learning that she was not in very good health. "I am coming again , " said Mock , when he left Castle Garden ; "I may be more fortunate next time. " Jumbo is thp suggestive name of a town recently incorporated in Texas. lilFFEBENT PATHS. _ _ * B B I lately talked with orfo who strove To show that all my way was dim , That his alone the road to Heaven ; And thus It was I answered him : 'Strike not the staff I hold away , You cannot give me jours , dear friend ; Up the steep hill our paths are set In different ways , to one sure .end. " Whut , , though with eagle glance upflxed On heights beyond , our mortal ken , You tread the broad , sure stones of Faith More firmly than do weaker men. ' 'To each according to his strength ; But as we leave the plains below Let us carve-out a wider stair , " A broader pathway through the snow. ' 'And when upon the golden crest Wo stand at last together , freed From mists that circle round the base , And clouds that but obscure our creed , "We shall perceive that though our steos Have wander'd wide apart , dear friend , No pathway can be wholly wrens : That leads unto one perfect end. " [ Every Other Saturday. POPULAR SCIENCE. One of the plans to make Paris a sea port is to convert the river Seme into a canal ninety-eight feet wide. The cost of dredging , etc. , is estimated at § 20,000,000. The brain of the celebrated Russian author Turgeneff has been found to have the extraordinary weight of 2,012 grammes. It was exceedingly symme trical , and the great amplitude of the convolutions was remarkable. Commenting on boiler insurance , The Engineer says it is a noteworthy fact that none of the companies has ever put forward any statistics to prove that the practice of insurance has de creased the number of boiler explos ions. ions.Professor Professor Dieulafait , lecturing re cently at the Sorbonne , contended that metalliferious minerals have been ex tracted by sea water from the older rocks , but admitted that it is by no means certain they are all of sedimen tary origin. It is reported that at one of the Geth- in coal mine explosions a callier was able to traverse the whole of the work ing in making an exploration while the pic was full ot gas , his cap , saturated with cold tea and held to the mouth and nostrils , proving an efficient safeguard. M. F. Dupont in a paper on a certain carboniferous limestones explains the formation of the older marine rocks of organic origin by causes still in opera tion , and irom this deduces a fresh proof the value of the comparative method applied to the study of the past geology of the globe. To ebonize mahogany , apply acetate of iron , French stain , with a brush be fore polishing , when it will be seen that it strikes well into the wood and takes a fine finish. Unless a large quantity of the stain is required it is cheaper to purchase it. Several good recipes for its preparation are to be had in the books. This is how corn pops : When pop corn is gradually heated , and so hot that the oil inside the kernels turns to gas , this gas cannot escape through the hull of the kernels , but when the inte rior pressure gets strong enough it bursts the grain , and the explosion is so violent that it shatters it in the most curious manner. One of the most remarkable storms which ever passed diagonally over the British Isles was that which began at noon of January 26th and ended On the next day at 3 o'clock in the afternoon. Never before was there so low a barcm- eter reading as 27.32 inches recorded , a fact which was verified by Mr. W. Marriott. A recent calculation shows that a man weighing 140 pounds , and running a mile in six minutes performs work about to that of half-horse equal a - en gine , while a walker sustaining five miles-an honr for a long day does work equal to that of a quarter-horse engine and consumes only one-twentieth of the woischt , or food or fuel. His Honor , Judge Lynch. lowaKegiater. The cry goes up over the country , in the fierce light of the bale fire of the Cincinnati mob , that we need harsher laws for criminals , and there is a de mand that such additional laws shall be enacted. Public sentiment goes wrong in this. We have laws enough , and severe laws enough , but thev are not enforced. It is not the mere stat ute penalties for crime that is demand ed. But it is certainty in the enforce ment of the laws and penalties that we have. Here is the wide-open gate of trouble. The average court is too su pine in action or too cowardly 'to en force the penalties. No more severe law and penalty can be enacted for murder than death. Ohio has that. Iowa has it. Every state in the union but one has it. When Iowa was with out it , for four years , and murder still went on , it was said that he exit of the gallows had made crime fearless and murder common , and popular clamor recalled the gibbet. It was urged that that would stop the prevalence of crime. But' it did not , for the real , trouble continued still the courts were weak , juries were weak , the law was not enforced and its penalties not ap plied. It was the old trouble plenty of law , severe enough penalties , but unfaithful , timid , or corrupt courts. As a consequence murder has ever since gone on , and the restored gallows has had no work to do , although more murders have been committed annual ly since its return than were during the years of its absence. Now murder is one of the safest of crimes to commit in Iowa. There have been over two hundred murders in Iowa since 1864 , and not a murderer has been hanged. Very few have had life sentences ; the most have had light sen tences , and many have been acquitted. In Des Moines alone two of the cold est-blooded murderers known in the history of the state wore acquitted last year , aud turned loose to kill others. For men. who have once put their hands in human blood , and are turned loose without punishment for it , con sider themselves us becoming charter ed murderers , and laugh at courts and law. Other cities and counties have bad the same experience , and it is said to be true that 'three-fourths of the men who have committed murder in Iowa in the.past' twenty years are now at large. This is the fly in the ointment. It is not more law that is needed. It is the more certain enforcement of the law we have. Public sentiment is the power to change the situation. As it is.the sentiment goes .too often with the muitlerer , and the best of lawyers will hire out to * , he worst of uiurdr rers , not to aee that he has a fair trial and a fair show , but to resort to every device , fair and otherwise , to clear him entirely. According to the maxim of the law and the proverb of the profession , as it used to be , a lawyer is an officer of the court , to aid it in administering justiou. Now many of the best lawyers sell .them selves to the worst of murderers to help deceive the court and to cheat justice , and to encourage and multiply crime. Crime always has money and always has good lawyers. The people elect too' often weak men to prosecute. JUries are packed in the face of'the court. The murderer's family are dramatically paraded before them as a device to supplant judgment with sym pathy , and too frequently court , jury and-all go off in tears at.the sight , for- getting-justice , forgetting the rights of society , and forgetting also the far more injured family of the man mur dered. The drift among lawyers in the United States for the lastflfty years has been to take the most money that can be had to hire them to trick the courts into wrong and to cheat the people out of justice. We need to go back to the old-fashioned way of abhorring murder and loathing murderers , and to go back to the clays when no lawyer , how- eyer great of well paid , could make a hero out of imurderer. . With this , and strong men elected to the bench , and a judge who will carry out the law and compel the best men in the com munity to serve on juries , the good work Avill be done , the law enforced , the punishment applied , and crime punished. If it is not done trouble is to come to every place as it has already come in Cincinnati. More than a majority of the communities in the United States are ripening into the same feeling which broke into fire and blood so fero ciously at Cincinnati. This is true of Iowa. In this state murder is not pun ished , and crime is increasing , and hu man life is very cheap , and no one feels the security of the law , and it may be said that now in this state if the courts shall repeat the past 3 ears and clear the most of the murderers or give them light sentences , there will be trouble here. For his honor , Judge Lynchwill set up his gallows , and punish the criminals which the courts of the state have shown for twenty years that they will not punish. Society has never given up wholly its right to protect it self , and canndt do so. It has put the power of protection partially in the hands of the courts. But if they shall persist in making murder popular , as they have too largely done for twenty years , society will take the power back into its own hands , and clear Iowa air of all this namby-pambyism which has made murder the safest of all crimes to commit in the state. Wellington's Watches. Bt. James Gazette. The Duke of Wellington was ex tremely fond of watches , and needed to have at least half a dozen within reach and all ticking their liveliest at once , and this is but half the story. Fearing that some ill might befall those just un der his eye , orders were given when ever the great man traveled to have as many more stowed away in a portman teau made to fit his "carriage. One timepiece was , above all others , his acknowledged favorite ; it was of old- fashioned English construction and had once been the property of Tippoo Sahib. Another of the duke's treas ures had a strange history. Napoleon hud ordered it of Breguet for the fob of his brother Joseph , and , as an extra curiosity , directed a miniature map of Spain to be wrought in niello on one side and the imperial and royal arms on the other. Just as. this lovely gift was finished Joseph was driven out of his kingdom by the duke , and the cm- pnror , for reasons best known to him self , refused to take or pay for the costly bauble. At the peac e it was purchased fromBreguet and presented by Sir E. Paget to the Duke of Wel lington. Another watch owned by the duke was made for Marshal Junot , and a great horological curiosity it is. There has never been more than two others like it. They are constructed to mark both lunar and weekly movements. The great duke gave preferenc to cer tain montres de touche and he had several of them a contrivance jof Bre guet , having sundry stubs or knobs by which one could feel what hour it Jwas , and this merely by what seemed "just fumbling in his pocket. " The Greatest of Suns. Chicago Times. Messrs. Hough and Burnham , of the Dearborn Observatory , have been en gaged lately in micrometrical measure ments of the companion of Sinus , the brightest star by far in the whole heavens. The distance of Sirins from the earth is estimated to be 1,375,000 times greater than the distance of the sun , or about 123,750,000,000,000 miles. Or , to measure its distance another way , its light , traveling at the rate of 180,000 iriles in a second , would be more than twenty-one years in reaching the earth. In other words still , the as tronomer who turns his telescope now on the stars sees it as it as it was more than a score of years ago. The dimen sions of the starmustbeenermous , even as compared with the sun , for it is quite twice the brilliancy of any of its com panions , while our sun at that distance would probably appear like a star of the fourth magnitude. The discovery of the companion of Sinus was made by the Chicago in strument ; not , however , by any of our local astronomers. Mr. Clark , the maker of the telescope , mounted it temporarily i'or trial at Carnbrfdgo , and , turning it upon SirlUs , was amazed and dolfghtedto findtv little'star ' of the tenth magnitude , which it had boon suspected must bo near the great lumi nary. . According to Mr. Burnbam , who for several years has kept watch of this pair , the companion moves in pos ition angle between'threo and five de crees a year , , and approaches the prim ary about three ot four-tenths of a second end for that period. It will soon , ho eays , be.so . near its primary .as t < es cape observation , bv reason of the great brilliancy of .the brighter -stars. In deed , it is owing to the brightness of Sirius that astronomers failed"for so long a time to discover the companion , the latter being within the power of a small telescope were it not so close tea a brilliant luminary. Sirius is the bright star seen nearly due south and about thirty degrees from the horizon just after nightfall. It is to the left of the conspicuous constellation Orion and lower down. FASHION NOTES. Velvet will be combined with the fine gauzes and other transparent tissues worn the coming season. Gauze bodices ices , it is said , will have velvet facings turned down to form a bertha. Simi lar facings , added to the short sleeves , and cockade bows of velvet to corres pond , are set hero and there , butterfly fashion , among the folds of the cloudlike - ' ' like drapings. Many hats have no longer broad brims , but the crowns are high. The brims , are usually lined with puffed vel vet , which is very becoming when placed against the face. A oapote for visiting or evening wear may bo of light gray English crape. The shirred crown is of thesame crape , and around the bonnet are two mailings of black velvet lined with silk ! Serge , cashmere and finest Austrian wool dresses in pin-check patterns , with stripes of colored satin alternat ing , will be very fashionably worn this spring on the promenade. Many of these costumes will be formed entirely ' 1 of the striped materials , while others will be made up in conjuncton with / one-colored fabrics ; the polonaise or waistcoat and panels being made up of the latter material. Briliiant-hued arabesques , loaf de signs , small flowers and vines , heraldic figures and small fruits are now exhib ited in new dress and cloak garnitures of plush and chenille. These are dis played on the fronts of the Louis XLV waistcoats , the edges of the panels , cutaway jacket , deep collar and cuffs. ' ' Medium-sized buttons to correspond 'I accompany these effective and elegant 1 trimmings. Doing House Work My Wny. Anna B. McMabon in The 'current. During the difficult and arduous per iod of "breaking in" a new girl , most women say : "Do thus and do so , be cause this is my way. " When the back is turned , instantly the maid does it another and probably a poorer way , because it is her way. But if my way were shown to be the best one and for what reasons , and it were seen that the lady herself found it not less fitting and beautiful to practice the best -way in the work of the kitchen than in her other affairs , then the work seems no longer menial but dignified. Though tedious at first it pays because of the principle involved. For the same rea son it is a great advantage to make friendly visits to the kitchen , listen to experiences , discuss methods , because this shows a respect for the wof k , and * is as far as possible from that "famili arity which breeds contempt" which comes from mere chat. There are hundreds of little ways in which a mis tress with tact and a genuine respect for the work and the worker , can make this felt and as an incentive to good work it is beyond calculation. Then , the average mistress is often guilty of ignoring the sensibilities of her hand-maiden. Grant all that may be said of "the ignorance , dullness , in difference , indolence , extravagance , re belliousness , and recklessness of the present body of domestic workers , still these difficulties are not met in the right way and spirit. It is notin the right way when children are allowed to make sport of the blunders , when a lady cor rects them in the presence of guests or others , nor when she "nags" contin ually , nor when she holds up the vir tues of some predecessor , nor when she reproves every wrong and failure but fails to praie generously the successes or approximations thereto. Why Eyes Shine. Dr. Swan M. Burnett. In Popular Science ilonthJy Place a child ( because the pupils of children are large ) , and by preference a blonde , at a distance of * , en or fifteen feet from a lamp which is the only source of light in a room , and cause it to look at some object in the direction of the lamp , turning the eye you wish to look at slightly inward toward the nose. Now , put your own eye close behind the lamp flame , with a card be tween it and the flame. If you will then look close by the edge of the flame covered by the card into the eye of the child , you will see , inst-ad of a perfectly black pupil , a reddish-yellow circle. If the eye happens to be hyper- metropic , you will be able to see the red reflex when your own eye is at some distance to one side of the flame. This is the true explanation of the luminous appearance of the eyes of some animals when they are in comparative obscur ity. It is simply the light reflected from the bottom of their eyes , which is generally of a reddish tinge on account of the red blood in the vascula' ' layer of the choroid back of the semitransparent parent retini , and not light that is gen erated there at all. This reflection is most apparent when the animal is in obscurity , but the observer must be in the light , and somewhat in the relative position indicated in the above-de scribed experiment that is , the eye of the observer must be on the same line with the light and the observed eye. The eyes of nearly all animals are bypermetropic , most of them very highly so , so that they send out out the rays of light which have entered them in a very diverging manner. A foul delivery The poultry deaJ- er's.