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About Custer County Republican. (Broken Bow, Neb.) 1882-1921 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 28, 1909)
IIK world greets the an
nouncement that the north
polo han been discovered ,
with acclaim. Now space has
been added to the world's
mapped areas. Civilization
march on. All nations join In re
joicing all except one , the most vi
The Enklnio , native of the land of
Know and ice , does not welcome the
white man's coming. Beside his Igloo
ho alts and listens to the tribal ru
mors of the coming events , lie hears
the wolrdj garbled tale of how a "civ
ilized man , " a "kabhona , " has reached
the north polo. He hears that other
white men will como after him. And
ho sltn and grieves for his people ; for
the advance of the white man means
to hi monly what It lmn meant to all
the primitive people who thus have
been "discovered" extermination.
"Civilization of your kind wo do not
jwnnt , " says the Eskimo to the explorer -
or or mlslsonnry. "It Is good , per
haps , for you and for your countries.
[ It la not good hero In the north. Wo
cannot live under It. As wo live now
po must wo live If wo are to exist.
It la our life ; and life Is good hero
among these Ice cliffs when It Is lived
In our own way. Wo are content. So
have our forefathers lived from tlmo
Immemorial. And so will wo live ns
long an wo'remain on earth. Force
us to live as you live , make us accept
your civilization , and wo perish. Wo
have Been It. We know what It does
( to us. It kills the Eskimo. Leave us
to our ways , leave us to our country.
or the Eskimo will he wiped off the
face of the earth. "
I Such is the Eskimo's reception of
the great news. It Is something llku
ii shock to our self-satisfaction and
opinion that our civilization Is host
for all people , whether they like It or
not. How can those poor people up
there hi thq fie eu not 111 bpurn the
benolltfl that civilization holds forth
to them ? I low can they fall to realize
that civilization will make their harsh
life easier , more pleasant , moro hap
py ? The questions como naturally at
the Idea. It seems preposterous. IJut
when ono comes to examine the mode
of living of the winter bound Eskimo ,
'along with the conditions under which
ho Is forced to exist , It seems not so
astonishing that the Eskimos should
say : "Wo were a happy people until
the explorers came. The explorers
brought their civilization , and that Is
not well. "
I Living In n land EO barren and
harsh that nowhere else on earth Is
Ha duplicate to bo found Inhabited ,
the Eskimo through centuries of
Htrugglo has adopted the only mode of
living that makes his existence pos
sible. The land which other people
despise , the conditions under which
no other people could live , ho has
learned to love. They nro his world ,
and without them ho could not live ,
i Resources such as the woild looka
upon as necessary to the maintenance
of life the country has nono. It Is a
barren of never changing Ice and
snow. Stones , pieces of driftwood ,
, reindeer , birds , dogs , fishes , nnd most
of all , seals these are the things that
are given the Eskimo to live on. The
atones , sticks and bones furnish him
with weapons , The weapons furnish
him with meat. For his house there
is the atone , the Ice , and snow , noth
ing moro. For six months of the year
his world is In darkness. Yet ho lives
and Is happy until the explorers como.
In the winter hut so excessive la
the heat that the thick fur garments
of outdoor use arc discarded upon en
trance. Among Bomo tribes men , women -
men and children dwell together In a
complete state of nudity , In others a
'small loin cloth Is used for Indoor
, wear. Night and day the stone lamps
filled with train oil burn In the huts
( The Eskimo la auperatltlous of al
things. The long arctic night has drlv
en the fear of darkness into his soul
and ho will not even sleep without i
.light . burning before his eyes.
i The 'limps arc so constructed as to
jbum tSrightly all night. When they
begin to grow dim the Eskimo wo
man knows that It Is morning and
tlmo to get up. Cheerless as auch n
homo may seem , It Is declared to ho
quite the opposite. The woman who
wakes first in the morning calls out
to her neighbor a challenge for a race
In dressing and going out after the
morning meal of Ilsh , which Is cached
'in the Ice outside. The challenge la
pccopted. The women dross and rush
out laughing , break off great armfuls
Jot the frozen provender and comeback
back laughing to tholr still sleeping
jcompanlous. The fish are thrown on
.ho floor until they have thawed from
mrd as stone to a mere frozen condl-
ion. Then the two women who are
dressed pass the food around to the
others , and soon the whole houseful
are gnawing away at their Ilsh break
"The eating Is not the trouble , "
ays the returned adventurers , "It la
he getting of It that gives the Eskl-
no a problem. "
"Tho getting of It , " the procuring
of food In the waste of snow and fro-
, en waters , Is more of a battle for the
lallvo than the problem of housing
ilmnelf against the wintry blasts ,
hinting Is his ono means of living ,
vhother It be hunting reindeer , ptnr-
nigan , seal or Ilsh. As a consequence
ho hunter Is the "great man" in the
economy of Eskimo life , and the 1m-
lortanco of a man Is reckoned by his
ability to kill seals. The best hunt
er In a village Is th6 king. He has his
ilck of the women , and ho exercises
t with a freedom rather startling to
conventional Ideas of matrimony.
"Without hunters a trlbo cannot ox-
st , " Is the Eskimo's point of view ,
and the tribes that have perished are
the ones In which there were no
strong , able men to kill game for
food.As a hunter the Eskimo stands
without a peer In the world for hardi
hood , daring and craft. Armed with
the most primitive of weapons , a
piece ot sharpened stone lilted In i\
stick of wood to make a lance , ho
hunts and slays the animals of his
country , from the swift Hying ptarmi
gan to the ferocious polar bear. The
sea Is where ho must look for most
of his subsistence , for the sea holds
the seal , and without the seal the Es
kimo could not live. The seal fur
nishes him food and clothing ; Us fat
provides the oil which lights his
lamps nnd cooks his food , and Its
bones and skins make the boat in
which the tireless native paddles over
the stormy seas In search of his prey.
Of the kindness nnd catholic hos
pitality of the Eskimo there Is but
ono verdict they nro the kindest and
most hospitable people In the world.
Even wrecked explorers whoso com
ing means only that they will consume -
sumo n great amount of the common
store of food , are hailed with the
greatest of delight , the best la set
forth before them , and they are In
vited to make themselves at homo for
as long as they please. In ono in
stance an explorer relates that a mur
derer was taken In , fed , housed , nnd
cared for through a hard winter by
the family of his victim.
"Do some people In your land
starve and shiver whllo others eat
much and are warmly clad ? " was ouo
of the questions that the shocked Es
kimos put to an explorer when ho ex
pressed surprise at their charity.
"Why , then , do you call yourself civ
ilized ? "
It was a puzzling question. The ex
plorer was forced to admit that "somo
"Then why do you ask us to accept
your civilization ? " demanded the Es
kimos. "Hero that never happens. "
So the "poor , frozen native of the
north" does not yearn for the civiliza
tion that threatens him.
YORK. It would ho InterestIng -
Ing to lisarn what Henry nnd Rob
ert think about the disturbance ! )
which Hhook Manhattan Island and
the territory about It during the Hud
An Interview with these two old
water-adventurers would ho a pleas
ant respite from Peary and Coolc.
Hut not even Prof. Hyslop , the spook
export , has ventured to reach beyond
the veil and ask questions ; surprising ,
too , in one who has called up the
spirits of the dead for advice as to
whether he should marry again ?
Especially as the Interview , If nu-
thenljlcatod , would have brought good
money from the nownpapern.
But there Is no vagueness or un
certainty as to mundane Impressions
of the celebration. There has been
no room for cavil or criticism. The
millions in town and the millions who
came to town unite in expressions of
satisfaction and praise. Only one dis
cordant noise has been heard. It was
from a Brooklyn alderman , who
offered to punch the nose of a Man
hattan alderman because he did not
receive an many nldermanlc stand tick
ets as ho believed himself entitled to.
The show was magnificently shed-
uled , elaborately arranged for , and
successfully carried out. No greater
thing of the kind was ever seen In
America. Hut New York Is glad that
It Is over.
Ten of millions of dollars poured
Into New York because of It. If one
could total the cash paid to the hotels
alone in the two weeks It would make
the United States debt look small.
Every hostelry In town was packed to
the doors , and you will know , gentle
reader , how the most of them can
make an expense account look at the
end of a fruitful ten days.
Add the receipts of the railroads ,
the street car lines , the restaurants ,
the steamboats , the stand owners ,
the souvenir sellers , the saloons , the
hundred and over takers of money
for which New York Is famous , and
you roach a total that speaks for the
abundant and generous prosperity of
Who Slew Thomas , a Market Mystery
U'TIIE Brokers' Bread ; or , Who Slew
1 the Black Cat , " Is the tltlo of the
latest Produce exchange mystery In
Now York City. Furthermore , jt Is
likely to remain a mystery , deep and
Impenetrable , until the present gene
ration of brokers has passed awny and
the old Exchange building , grim and
stanch ns It Is , has crumbled to dust.
When the Janitor arrived to open
the exchange he was horrilled to llnd ,
stretched upon the lloor with a look
of terror and pain upon its face , the
body of Thomas , the exchange's black
cat , stark and stiff in death.
The janitor , whose wife's brother
sometimes delivers parcels to a de
tective agency , Is naturally of an In
quiring turn of mind and by associa
tion has acquired the Instincts of a
detective. lie immediately began a
search for clews.
Obviously the cat was dead. lie de
duced that almost immediately when
ho picked the animal up and found
that it was cold and rigid. Ho was
not satisfied with this progress , however -
over , and determined to probe the
mystery to the bitter end. Granting
that the cat was dead , there rema-ined
only the simple discovery yet to be
made , i. e. , why was the cat dead ? "
"Hero , " he mused , "we have the
effect , and for every effect there must
be n cause. It is the cause we want
now , or words to that effect. "
Then Walter Moore hit upon a the
ory that he was certain would put an
end to the cloud of mystery that en
veloped the market. He was saunter
ing carelessly across the floor when
ho discovered several flour brokers
at their oven baking bread. The flour
traders have a stove on the floor in
which they make bread.
It was this scene that gave Mr.
Moore the clew upon which he relied
to clear up the crime.
"Ah , ha ! " he said to himself ( detec
tives always say "Ah , ha ! " ) . "Ah ,
ha ! " he repeated , "tho cat ate of the
broker's bread. That explains the
look of horror on Its face. "
Calling a cab , he dashed madly
across the exchange floor and found
"Pish ! tush ! " ho said in a low
voice ! "not a word. Come and give
me the corpse of the cat. It was
killed by eating a biscuit baked by a
broker , and I will p-r-o-vc it , " ho
hissed. "I will have the chemical de
partment hold an autopsy and If we
do not find a biscuit In that cat's stomach
ach my name is not Jack Rogers. "
AH of Their 12 Children Born on Water
ND NOW there's another little Ved-
dors to aid in the swelling of
Undo Sam's humble but Important
mercantile marine force , and Mr. and
Mrs. George W. Vcdders of Now York
City , commandants of the good ship
Edith rated coal barge are receiv
ing congratulations of the harbor fleet
because of the arrival of a baby boy ,
tholr twelfth child.
The youngster was born on the
Edith. This Is not an unusual hap
pening In the Veddcrs family. Capt.
Vedders himself w"as horn on a towboat -
boat G2 years ago nt Romloit ) , N. Y. ,
and so wore his father and mother ;
likewise Mrs. Vedders , who flrst saw
the light of day on ono of the old
grain-carrying , shallow-draft Erie ca
nal boats at Lockport , N. Y.
The Edith , on which Capt. and Mrs.
Vedders and the youngest live chil
dren , Including the baby , now reside.
Is ono of the newest and finest coal
scows In the Now York cruising fleet.
It Is only a year and a half old , 90
feet long , and the property of Patter
son & Bowns of 1 Broadway.
When seen on his boat Capt. Vcd
ders was seated on the back "porch. "
Surrounding him were a dozen or
more captains of other barges moored
near by , as well as .several of the di
rectorate of the power house ot the
"Yes , " said Capt. Vedders. "I'm the
man. They're doing Hue. "it's a boy
and we're going to name him Freder
ick Ellis Vedders , just to show how
much we think of this island.
"Why , of course , I'm not at all
bashful. I've had 12 of 'em , all born
on either coal or Ice boats , and , bar
ring two who died when they were ba
bies , they never saw the Inside of a
drug store or had n doctor at their
"My youngsters have been the hus
kiest lot you ever saw. The three
oldest girls married barge captains
themselves , and the two odlest boys
have got their own boats now. Funny
thing , too , we're all working for the
same firm. '
"Say , pa , " interjected James Ved
ders , aged 12 , "Frank got sick once
and ma had to give him some medi
"Yes , kid , " replied his father , "hut
that was because your mother took
him oft a safe caunl boat and went up
on ono of those risky merry-go-rounds
la Central park.
Wins-Prize by Eating 56 Ears of Corn
corn-eating record has been
ANEW In competition In Now
York city which Is likely to stand for
many years , the winner In the contest
totting a now mark by consuming 5G
ears without pausing , and thus eclip
sing the old record of 41 ears by an
amount sufllcleiit to supply anaverago
family with corn for a meal.
Moro than 0,000 cars were consumed
by the 2GO contestants , the least to
bo eaton by auy ono contestant being
13 , at which unlucky number the com
petitor , a boy of nlno years , was uu-
able to proceed. He was gladdened ,
however , with a medal awarded In
honor of his having established a
lecoul for juveniles under ten years.
As the youngster In question
weighs only 49 pounds , when empty ,
his achievement In consuming nearly
eight pounds of corn , or one-sixth of
his own weight , Is considered fully as
remarkable so that of the prize-win
To secure the G.OOO ears consumed
In competition was In Itself a tremendous
deus task , ono of the conditions being
that every ear should not bo less than
eight and not more than nlno Inches
long , and should measure not less
than five nor more than five and one-
half Inches around the butt. To ob
tain a supply conforming to these
qualifications moro than 25,000 cars
were examined by ten men.
Figured on a minimum measure
ment the winner consumed 504 Inches
of corn , or 42 feet , equal to moro than
seven times his own weight. At the
Big Can Baking
Powder is Only Big in Size -
in Satisfaction Not in Economy
A larpo can and .1 small cost docs not make baking powder cheap
er oven less expensive than Calumet the high-quality , moderatc-prico
kind. It certainly cannot make it as good. Don't judge baking powder in
this way the real test the proof of raising power , of evenness , uniformity ,
\vholesomcncs3 and deliciousncsa will bo found only in the baking.
_ _ tha
is a better baiting powder than you have over used bo-
fore. And wo will leave it to your good judgment for
proof. Buy a can today. Try it for any baking pur
pose. If the results are not belter if the baking is not
lighter , moro delicious , take it back and Ret your money.
Calumet , is medium in price but great in satisfaction.
Free largo handsome recipe book , illustrated in colors.
4c and slip found in pound can.
Calumet Received Highcct Award-
World's Pure Food Exposition
Editor Junklu of the Sterling Hullo-
.In 1ms red hair. Editor Cretcher of
the Scdgwlck I'unlngraph has no Imlr
"Mac , " asked Junkln , "how did you
ese your hair ? "
"It was red and 1 pulled It out , "
growled Cretcher. Everybody's.
Harold What did she say when
you turned out the gas and kissed her ?
Rupert Said she felt as If she never
wanted to see my face again. Phila
"How do you make your wife mind
so well ? "
"I tell her she can do anything she
Ikes , so she don't see any fun In it. "
In case of pnin on the lungs Hamlins
Wizard Oil nets like : i inustnicl plaster ,
except that it is more effective uiul is so
much nicer and cleaner to use.
The secret of success In life Is for a
man to be ready for his opportunity
vhen It comes. Disraeli.
Tiin SODIUM : or TKOUIU.K
nu&t bo rr.iclieil bi'lorn It cuii bo cured Allen's
.uiiK llalcnm BOPS to thn root of your cnueti , and
tar * It. llurmlessunil Mire. Atafl ilruKt-'lits.
We live truly for ourselves only
vhen we live for others. Seneca.
I\trM. "Wlnrtow's Sootlilncr Syrnp.
'or children tcctblnit. BOftens the gurus , reduces In-
lammatluu , al'aj 8 pain , euros wind coliu. 25oa boltlo.
Money talks , but It often fails to
tell the truth.
Is Poor Consolation.
"Yes. It must be a terrible thing to
go through life without your limb. Dut
you must remember It will be restored
to you in the next world. "
"I know It will , mum , but dat don't
encourage me , for it was cut off when
I was u hub } * , an' it won't con.o with
in a couple of foot of do ground w'cn
It's icstored. "
A girl never feels more Important
than when she is getting married , and
a man never looks more inconspicu
Is a low priced lamp. There are
lamps that cost more but there is no
better lamp made at any price. It
is made upon scientific principles.
There is nothing in lamp making
that can add to the value of the
Every dealer everywhere. If not at
jours , write for descriptive circular
to the nearest agency of the
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
( Incorporated )
> < >
other Btarch'8 only 11 ouncei simo price nnd
"DEFIANCE" IS SUPERIOR QUALITY.
When your bed-room , bath-room
or dining room is chilly , you may
have heat brought to you in just the
degree you desire. It is easy when
you have a
( Equipped with Smokolcso Device )
available. Place the heater where the
cold is most annoying , strike a match.
No fuss no flurry no smell and , above all , no smoke , even
though you turn the wick as high as it will go.
The temperature runs up quickly. In ten minutes the average
sized room glows vith cheer and comfort that genial heat brings
the heat that is smokeless and odorless.
Automatic Smokeless Device
which automatically locks and absolutely prevents smoke , by keeping
the wick out of the smoke zone , is on the Perfection only.
The solid brass font holds four quarts , which yivea a full-hc.id flame for
Flame burns from side of wick instead of from the top. The brass wick
carrier does not rust and clog the wick. Pamper top , cool handle.
Aluminum metal window frames that heat cannot tarnish. Japan or nickel
finish Various styles and finishes
lit cry Dealer K\ cry where. If Xot U Yours , Wilte fur Descriptive Circular
to the Nearest Agent' } of tlio
STANDARD OIL COMPANY
( Ineorporatoil )
When You're Hoarse Use
Gives immediate relief. The first
dose relieves your aching throat and
allays the irritation. Guaranteed to
contain no opiates. Very palatable.
All DruggUu. ZSc.
LIVE STOCK AND
IN GREAT VARIETY
FORj SALE oAT THE
LOWEST PRICES BY
WESTERN NEWSPAPER UNION
554 W. Adama St. , Chlcueo
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