Custer County Republican. (Broken Bow, Neb.) 1882-1921, May 13, 1909, Page 8, Image 8

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$1000 , SI300 and S2000 F. O , D. RACINP , Wit * .
This Car Arrived Friday , Fcb'y 5 , 09.
Come in and Look it Over.
W. E. Taltot. A. G. Martin.
Good work Harness $22.00 and up
Fine single Bugfg-y Harness 7.0O and up
Good leather 1 # inch Hauliers.05 and up
IMiese arc real bargins. Beat them if
you can !
Remember we arc carrying the finest line
of Buggy Whips in the city , and we give you
your choice of 150 whips and a number on a
siljt plush robe for 50c.
Robinson fe ? Tuttle.
. a i A.nlfljIiilia.M'lfl 'II ' ! f ft r 'ISlH ' ' 'K ' All A
Joke will be on you if you buy before
you see tne following :
Farm harness $23 and up
Disc Harrow $23 and up
Harrow 3 sections - $15.00and up
Sulky plows - - ; $35.00 and up
Clang1 plows $55.00 and up
Breaking- Plows $9.50 and up
Corn Planters $34.00 and up
Cultivators $14.00 and up
Wagons , a few left $05.00 and up
American Hog Fence 22c and up
Fine top buggies $55 and up
See the Clover Leaf manure spreader.
Its a beauty.
Our motto : ( . -
To sell as low as the lowest. Quality considered.
To buy advertised things is to buy
" Wortk-Wkile" Things !
The advertised tilings are the ones thai will "stand
the test" of publicity of the spot-light , of comparison
and close inspection. Things that could not thus
" muster" advertised for it
"pass are not , usually ,
vould. most positively , NOT PAY to advertise them.
ourse In
Corn Growing
: / "Division , latva &tatc College
Cupyrltfht , 1001) , by Anicrlcnn Prcsi Asiuclatlon
KTJ it'f the most important fac
lorn In crop production Is the
si-lection o ? seed. 1'hla Islin
purtant nut only In producing
a large yield , but also In obtaining n
product of tlio highest ( iniillly.
Tin' use of the fanning mill IIB n
iiiL-niH of sorting out tlio heaviest ,
plumpest grains was ripoki'ii of In the
pii-vloiis article. The Importance of
tlll.S IIIL'MIIM Of SOOd Selection CllllllOt IC
too gionlly emphasized.
Ono of tliu prlnc'lpnl ronunns for se
lecting the largest grains for seed Is
that ( hey contain .so much more food
for the young plant. This enables It
to make a strong , vigorous start.
"Such pla nts * fiave'morb'vltiillTy , " grow
faster and produce larger yields than
plants from shriveled Heeds , which
have a slrugglo for existence from
the time they germinate. Another
reason for selecting plump seed Is
that the remitting crop Is likely to beef
of better quality and will thus bring
ti higher price when sold. The old
law of "like produces like. " applies to
plants as well as to animals. One of
the surest ways of bringing about Im
provement Is by using parents of the
desired type year after year.
Selecting seed according to size by
screening out the small grains Is not
[ Xoto tlio shriveled , shrunken condition
of tlio kernels to tlio rlcht. ]
enough. Some of the largest grains
uru shriveled and light In weight.
Tlio only way to separate these Is to
use plenty of wind In the fanning
mill so as to blow them over. Such
grains are all right- for feed , but arc
entirely out of place In the seed bin.
This method of selection Is especially
Important In the case of yhent , as It
separates the hard from the soft
grains to some extent , slnco the soft
nui'n urn llulilor. Ilanlnosa la nn 1m-
portaut factor to look after , since a
hard wheat Is much more valuable
for milling purposes , making n larger
amount of high grade Hour.
If the most value Is to be obtained
from the rfelection of seed some rtefl"
nlto plan of Improvement must be fol
lowed. Hy a little care n variety of
wheat or oats may be so bred up as to
Increase the yield from ton 'to ' twenty
bushels per acre. The work Is a small
Item as compared with the benefits.
In starting the work of breeding the
variety which does best In your par
ticular locality should bo selected. Go
Into the field Just before harvest dime
and select forty or fifty of the best
heads. In doing this the size nd
plumpness of the grain and I he length
of the head should be considered. This
hitter point has a great deal to do
V-lth the yield , slnco a long head often
contains twice as much grain a a
shorter one. The character of jhc
straw Is also Important. It should be
straight and strong , with no tendency
to rust , as a weak straw or one that Is
badly rusted cannot hold up a heavy
head of grain. Another point to notice
In tliu stoollng that Is , the number , of
stalks that grow up from one seed.
When tlio required number of such
heads have been found they should bo
put away In a dry place until spring ,
when they should be thrashed out sep
arately and planted In a little plot In
the garden , The seed from each head
should be sown In a row by Itself
The rows should be about four Inches
apart and the plants the same dis
tance apart In the row.
As harvest time conies on a great
difference- these rows will bo no-
th-cd. Some will be badly affected
with rust. Some will have weak straw
and will go down badly. Some will
have short heads containing but a few
grains each. A few of the rows will
contain jrtants and heads of the type
you are looking for. Select the best
heads from these rows to plant In next
year's plot.
The second year , If the first year's
selection was properly carried on , con
slderablo Improvement will be observ
ed. This year the seed from each of
the strongest rows should be saved In
bulk after sorting out any heads that
nro not of the required type. The seed
from each of these rows Is to be plant
ed In a little plot by Itself the follow
ing spring.
Notes on these plots regarding the
strength of straw , amount of stoollng
nnd resistance to rust should be care
fully kept. The main point to be con
sidered , however , Is the yield. The
grain from each of the plots should
lie weighed and the preference given
to the heaviest yleldcrs. Seed from
five or six of the best producing plots
may then be saved for larger plots the
fourth year. The yield of tjiese , to
gether with the quality of grain nnd
strength of Mraw , will determine
which strain Is to be selected for Held
A factor which often cuts off as
much as 10 per cent from the yield of
small grain Is sniut. Unlike rust , the
treatment of this disease comes more
under the head of preparation of the *
ficeil than that of selection. It may be
well , however , to give a brief outline1
of the methods of ptuvenllou here.
Smut Is u fungous growth-that Irf , a
low form of plant which lives on
plants. It UHiuilly attacks the heads'
of small grain , lining the place wherej
the kernels should be with a black ,
\\nfrtliles.s Hums. The black dust of
\\hlch this mass Is made up Is com
prised largely of spores , which correspond
spend to seed.1) of higher plants. These
spores.bccomo scattered over the seed
In thrashing and storing. In the
spring , when the grain sprouts , the
smut spore germinates also and sends
a tiny" thread up through the stem to
the head , where it develops Into the
familiar smut ball. Often these smut
balls are Inside of a hull that appears
perfectly sound from the outside , so
that the damage from smut Is much
greater than would appear from sim
ply glancing over thu Held.
Any method of treatment which will
destroy the smut spores on the grain
will prove effective , although the smut tm
which Is scattered In the Held some
times Infects the plants the next year. KM
When rotation Is practiced , however ,
this Is seldom thu case , as the oat
Hiiiut will not attack corn , nor will
corn smut grow on oats.
The selection of seed corn la even
more important than the selection ol
small grain , since HO much less corn
Is required lo plant an acre , thus per
mitting of much more careful choice.
The most Important point to be consld
ercd In the selection of seed ears Is ma
turity. An ear that Is not entirely ma
ture will bo light , the kernels will be
loose on the cob and have n dull ,
chaffy appearance , nnd the -germs will
be shrunken and the back of the ker
nels wrinkled.
Such corn should not be selected foi
peed because the amount of food ma
terial stored In the kernel Is too small
to give the young sprout much of a
start. The germ is also likely to be
weak from being frozen while still In
the immature , watery condition. The
fact that nn ear Is not entirely ripe
Indicates , too , that It belongs to a
variety Just n llltlo late for the local-
Kars that arc not entirely ripe are
not nearly so valuable for seed as
riper , sounder ones , even If the latter
are not so large. By selecting only
cars of this early maturing type n
strain of corn can soon bo developed
which can be depended upon to ripen
lu the particular locality In which It Is
Slnco the size of the crop depends
to a considerable extent on the size
of the ear the seed ears selected
should be as large as Is consistent
with early maturity. Mere size of
car Is not enough , however. The ears
should be well proportioned nnd not
too big around for their length , since
cars of this sort are late In maturing
and slow to dry out. The size of an
ear should be made up of corn Instead
of cob. This means deep kernels and
a relatively small cob.
There must also bo the largest pos
sible amount of corn In proportion to
pia. xiv A TYri : or SEED E
the cob. To secure this the car should
be well filled out at butt and tip and
fairly uniform In size from end to end.
The kernels should bo so firm on the
car that It cannot bo twisted hi the
hands. There should bo no spaces
between the kernels next to the cob ,
nor should the spaces between the
tops of the kernels be too great. They
should not bo packed together too
tightly at this latter polnt however ,
us this hinders rapid drylng'out. The
rows should bo straight and the ker
nels of uniform size.
In starting out to select cars of the
desired typo tlio work can bo done
much more quickly If the corn Is laid
out on a table or bench. Then by
taking an car for a sample which
most nearly represents your Ideal you
can go over the entire lot nnd quick
ly pick out the cars that nro most
like It. The point of selecting cars of
a uniform typo Is nn Important one ,
as only In this way can the corn
grower hope to make Improvement
from year to year , The methods of
breeding corn to secure Increased
yield will bo taken up lu detail In the
next article. I ,
_ I1
sfiPB ygjeatjmaiifc
The King of Laundry
SOAPS. Yellow soaps
contain rosin. SUNNY MONDAY contains
no rosin.
5'Sunny Monday bubbles will wash away
your troubos. "
Use Gold Dust it
is better and cheaper
than yelow soap/
Buy Sunny Monday
and Gold Dust
The allurements of spring are now at their
height , and summer is on its way.
How about a new suit something made to
your measure and your own choice' of style and
Come in now and look over the beautiful
array of pure wool samples. They're very nobby.
The Broken Bow Steam Bak
ery is selling goods as follows :
White Bread 7 loaves for 25 cents
Rye Bread 7 " ki 25
Graham Bread 7 " " 25 4
Cream Bread 7 " " 25 "
All kinds of cookies lOo per doen
Doughnuts JOc per dozen
Buns 103 per dozen
Cream Puffs 25c per dozen
Macaroons 30c per dozen
Layer Cakes 35 and 50c each
Angel Food 10 and J5c each
Pound Cake lOc each
Jelly Rolls lOc each
Gup Cakes 15c dozen
. _ . _ _
.11 r x r r
Fresh Hot Pies daily 2 for 5c
We have only one reason why
you should patronize us and that
is "because you get more for your