Custer County Republican. (Broken Bow, Neb.) 1882-1921, May 13, 1909, Page 5, Image 5

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Barrel of Dried Peaches , whiK- they last , 11 Ibs for. . . . $1.00
The Famous Suu Kist Oranges , according to size ,
per dossn , 20c to SOc '
Red Apples from Washington , per dos. . „ SOc
Woolen Spice Go's Coffees , psrlb. . . . . , 15c toiOc
Try the two Ib. Red Corn for SOc
Princess Royal Brand of Canned Vegetables.
Corn per can
Peas 2 cans for
Golden Wax Beans per can : . I5c
Stringlees Beans per can 15c
Lima Beans 2 cans for 35c
Tomatoes 3 Ib can 2 cans for 35c
Rover Brand Tomatoes 2 cans for. 25c
- Kovcr Brand Peas 2 cans for
A. B. C. Breakfast Food per pky. . 15c
Cream of Wheat per pkg I5c
Molhets Oats 2 pkgs for 25c
Salmon , Luxor , Brand , per can. . . 25c
Cash Paid For Cream. . 1
flJSrk f
sun1 t unfiN id 1
Phone 58 Broken Bo\v 1
Wish to call your attention to the fine line of
VEGETABLES they have on hand such as :
Carrots Onions
Parsnips Beets
Turnips Lettuce
Cabbage Celery
in the city , shipped direct from Baltimore.
IPwi Send y ° ui < Abstract Orders to
T t ffilVT A 13 * n
Jn "
. u. JUJ Ui" uU ,
Bonded Abstractor
Office in Security State Bank BMd'ng
To The
snirs5 Lhe ? Stock f mission co ,
Hems 209 and 211 mw& mi South Omalia.
Home Course In
Modern Agriculture
VII. The Selection of Seed
Agricultural "Division. lottta Stale College
. ,
Copyright. 1009 by American Press Association
INCK corn Is the prlucliml crop
grown over so largo a si'otlon
of the United States It Is im
portant that \vo learn as much
ns possible rcgimtlni ; the best meth
ods of producing It. The average
yield of corn In the United States In
1007 was only 1'J.7 ! bushels per acre.
Many of the host farmers are nhlo to
obtain tin lUM-ago yield of sixty to
seventy bushels per acre year after
year. There Is no secret In their
methods. They are simple enough to
be applied to every farm In the corn
belt. There Is no reason why the
average yield per acre should not bo
llfty bushels or more Instead of less
than half that , ns at present.
In preparing to raise a maximum
crop of corn there nro two main fac
tors to bo considered the soil and the
seed. Of these two the first Is prob-
rid. xv O.NK or THI : iiusr WAYS TO UAXQ
ui1 SIEU con.v.
nbly the moro Important. We have
already learned how the plant obtains
food and water from the soil. The
ilrst step In preparing the soil for a
corn crop , then , Is to see that there Is
n plentiful supply of plant food on
hand. This we can do by using barn
yard manure liberally and by follow
ing a consistent system of rotation
that will cnuall/.o the demands made
on the soil and keep up the supply of
nitrogen and humus.
The next point Is to see that the soil
Is In such condition that the roots
will have little dllllculty In branching
out to secure the needed plant food
and water. Thorough plowing , diskIng -
Ing and harrowing will make the soil
flue and mellow , so that the roots
will have little trouble In obtaining
all the plant food they can use , pro
vided It Is there at all.
The water supply can bo regulated
to a considerable extent by tile drain
age and by keeping the surface loose
to check evaporation. The tempera
ture of the soil Is also an important
factor In hastening germination and
early growth. Drainage , cultivation
and the maintenance of a plentiful
supply of humus will aid greatly In
securing n warm seed bed by planting
AVllh a warm , Avell prepared soil
containing sulllclent quantities of
plant food and water the next ques
tion that comes up Is regarding the
kind of seed to put Into that soil. Al
most any kind of seed will grow and
produce a fair crop under favorable
conditions. AVluit we ate after , how
ever , Is not a fair crop , but an extra
good one.
The seed of different strains of corn
varies greatly In Its ability to produce
yields. In the spring of 1005 the Iowa
experiment station gathered seed from
nearly a hundred different sources and
planted It on the station grounds. Un
der conditions that were as nearly
alike as It was possible to make them
the yields from the different strains
varied from thirty-one to eighty bush
els per acre. This variation shows
that a large share of the Improvement
In corn production must come through
the breeding of high yielding-strains.
It Is not safe to ship In seed corn
from a distance. Corn Is very sensl
live to changes In climate and soil. To
obtain the best results the work , of
breeding must be done for each local
ity and to some extent for each farm.
A method of improving seed corn
that will surely result In some Im
provement and one that has simplicity
to recommend It Is that of selecting a
number of the best ears each year and
planting them In a Held by themselves
or In one corner of the main field. I5y
selecting the best ears from this breed-
lug plot each year to plant next year's
breeding plot and using the rest of
Hie good ears to plant In the main
field some Improvement can be effect
ed. The weak point In this plan , how
rvor , Is that the yielding power of an
rar cannot bo told from Its appear
mice. Neither Is It possible to prevent
inbreeding by Mich a method.
To avoid these dllllcultlcs the " 1mlI
vldual ear" plot has been devised. This
thuuld preferably bo at least forty
rods from the nearest cornfield. Where
Ihls Is Impossible a strip along the
south side of a field of the same vari
ety may bo used. As the prevailing
July and August winds nro from the
south , very little pollen from the main
field will blow over on the breeding
Karh row In the Individual car plot
Is to be planted with the kernels from
a hlngle ear. As any fair sized ear
will plant a row forty rods long , this
is a convenient length for the plot
Select from 50 to 100 of the Ifest ears
you win find among your seed corn
and plant them in as many rows
across the plot. The work can bo
done with a planter if care Is taken
to clean the seed boxes out thorough
ly each time across. The cultivation
given to the plot should bo the same
ns that which the main Held receives.
The time for special treatment
comes when the tassels begin to ap
pear. Wo have already learned that
inbreeding Is weakening and that
cross fertilization develops strength
and vitality. In order to prove
breeding In the individual ear ol
the tassels on every alternate row
should be pulled out ns soon as they
appear. In order that these may be
removed before they shed any pollen
it will be necessary to go over the
Held every other day for a week after
the Ilrst tassels start. At the same
time any tassels from weak , barren or
spindling stalks In the other rows
should be removed. In this way only
pollen from healthy , vigorous stalks
Is allowed to mature. Thus the ears
on the detasselcd rows , being cross
fertilized and having only strong ,
healthy male parents , have n much
better chance of producing large
yields when planted than would ears
picked from the general Held.
The most Important point , however ,
Is the selection of high yielding
strains that Is made possible by hav
ing the ears planted In Individual
rows. When harvesting time comes
the produce of each row should be
husked separately and weighed. It
will be found that there Is a great
difference In yield. The highest yield
ing rows , provided the corn Is of
good quality , should furnish seed for
next year's breeding plot. The rest
of the good seed cars from the dctas-
soled rows should be planted In a
small Held , known ns the "multiplying
plot. " The best of the seed from this
multiplying plot can be used to plant
the general Holds and for sale.
By continuing this breeding process
from year to year a strain of corn
may be built up that will far outyleld
the ordinary corn of the neighborhood.
In addition to the Increase in yield
which will result on your own farm , a
trade In seed corn may be built up
that will add materially to the year's
profits. There are many variations In
the plan of breeding hero outlined , but
the essential point in all of them is to
select the best yielding individual
ears and to prevent cross pollination
as much as possible.
After the seed corn has been picked
It should be stored in such a manner
that It will pass through the winter
uninjured. The hints In regard to seed
storage as given In article No. 0 should
be followed.
Some tlmo toward the close of win
ter the corn should bo tested. For a
preliminary test a hundred kernels
may be taken from as many cars in
different parts of the room. If the
corn has exceptionally strong vitality
the kernels may nil germinate. In
case some of the kernels fall to grower
or any considerable number show
weak sprouts each car should be test
ed separately in order that the weak
ones may bo discarded. The method
of making this tent has been described
so many times In agricultural papers
and bulletins that It will bo unneces
sary to give it In detail here. It Him-
ply consists In placing several kernels
from each ear In a corresponding
square in the germinating box. In this
way the vitality of each car may be
readily determined.
Shortly before planting tlmo the
cars should be shelled and run through
a seed corn grader to take out the butt
and tip kernels and divide the rest
Info even grades. The next step is to
block up the planter and run through
a sample of each grade , changing
plates until a set Is found that will
drop the required number of kernels
practically every time. If this Is done
and well tested seed used a good
stand will almost certainly result.
Avoid too deep planting. All that IH
necessary is to have the seed well cov
ered with moist soil. If this can be
done without putting It down more
than nn Inch or two , bo much the bet
ter. Since the plant cannot begin to
digest and use the plant food of the
toil and air until It has unfolded Its
leaves It Is plain that the less soil It
has to push through before It can
spread out Its leaves and get to work
the sooner It will commence to grow.
Deep planted boods often so nearly
exhaust the plant food In the endo
sperm before they reach ths uurl'uce
that they are never nhl4 to develop
Into strong , healthy plants.
After planting the aim should be to
keep the soli In the same fine tilth It
was in at planting tlmo in order to
provide largo feeding ground for the
roots and prevent the escape of capil
lary moisture ,
rfkkAi * * > i % >
Iv I
There Is a guaranty of deposits in this Imnk. t You are invited
> v to call nnd investigate our method : : : * ; ; ; ; ; <
njr imyiraiii'i'a ' ; ' ' ' ( .jilllii , I'lt'UiliUi ' ' jmil , JJjll I , jjltH't , J11 'I ' J t ni'jjjl H'tfji ' 1 flljj ' ! | f
Another Good
On May 22nd the Government will open it's second tract
oC 12,000 acres of perfectly irrigated land in the J3ig Horn
Basin , near ( -Jarland and 1'owcll , Wyoming' . This irrigation
project of the Government ! is lirst-class and reliable. This
land is adjacent to and along side of the "Burlington Road.
Powell and Garland are prosperous towns- The community
is absolutely lirst-class , and there is not a better place to
live in the whole west for climate , sunshine , productiveness
of soil and many other good reasons , than the Big Horn
Basin. This land is i-vl. > an acre in ten annual installments
without interest.
5120 ACRE MONDMLL. . ACT-Select : locations for homesteading -
steading in Wyoming ncsir Newcastle , Upton and Moorc-
crofc. Plats on file. Write me.
I conduct an exar-sion on the lirst and third Tuesday of
each month. Only $27.50 round trip homeseekers excursion
rate. No charge for my services. Write me at onee about
this new tract. The excursion of May IS or .linie will be in
time for good selections. \
D. OLKM DKAVKH , General Agent.
Land Seekers Information Bureau , Omaha.
: i.iv . >
At The Book Store.
We give Cash Register Checks
with Every Purchase. These
checks are good for Soda and
Ice Cream , - : -
Ask the Clerk at the Boole 4'tore , i
C. H. & A. W. HOLCOMB 1
First Door South of Post Office
StLik fWfSTft5KIV4J-fiUiyiH'MJ ! x
Lumber , a lar e assortment
and complete stock for Builders
to choor.c from. Let us estimate
on your contracts. We always
try to please.
Lumber & Coal
South side.
Dritik "Blue Ribbon" coffee
Roasted fresh every day. 24-tt.
n > s >
POR s vi.n nv
A solid gold fob with C. M.
engraved on it. Finder please
bring to the Republican office.
a-22-a2'J C , M , MARQUIS ,