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About Custer County Republican. (Broken Bow, Neb.) 1882-1921 | View Entire Issue (Feb. 11, 1909)
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THE REPUBLICAN , OUSTER COUNTY , NEBRASKA. 3"
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W The Kingol ! Laundry
SOAPS. Yellow soaps
contain rosin. SUNNY MONDAY contains
i'Sunny Monday bubbles will wash away
your troubles. "
Use Gold .Dust it
is bettor and cheaper
than yellow soap.
Buy Sunny "Monday
and ( lold Dust
\Vliy use wood alcohol
\vhn you can buy grain al
cohol dcnaturized , just as
cheap ? Denatured alcohol
has a pleasant odor and is
harmless to use.
Wood alcohol has been
known to cause blindness.
Denatured alcohol can be
used for cooking' , heating- ,
The Busy Druggist
\ Schedule of Crohcn Bow Mails.
I'OfCIIU ! ) FOR -1HR HAST CLOSU AS FOLLOWS !
Train NoIn Gain
Train No n : * a m
Train No 44 7 : ' > U ji m
I'OUCIIKS FOR TI1R \ \ IS r CLOSl AS FOLLOW8 !
Tr.iiu No111 X-.OO a m
Train No 41 7A > p HI
Office OI MI Siniilav froinO0 : ; ! to 10U ; ) a. in.
week days , 0:30 : a. m. to 7:30 : p. in.
B. & M. Train Schedule
WIJST HOUND HAST 1IOMKI )
No. 3" 6J.l a m No-40 OHO a in
No.-II 11:27 : pin No. 42 9fiO ; a m
No. A3 S3Jani No. 41 11:27 p in
Nos30iul-tu ( run licU\ucii Idncoln ami llrokcn
Io\v ! only , nnil not on Suiulay- *
] ' 'rclnlit trains Nu.17 : uulM cirry uasseiiifor *
lint arc run as cxtr.is
The Misses f oltie Bowman and
KllenCanc of Anselmovcre visiting -
- iting in Broken Bow the first of
\ the week.
53 BUSINESS POINTERS.
C. A Norcutt , lather.
Dr. Bass , Dentist. OvcrMcComas'
Drs. Farnsworth & Beck
Drink "Blue Ribbon" coffee.
Roasted fresh eve y day. 24-11.
Two rooms for rent in the My
ers block. 1C. 1 < \ MYKKS.
FOR SAMC. Four room house
with 1-6 block of ground. Close
in. II. Shnonson 22-tf
The winter term at Custcr Col
lege will begin January 4t. 27tf.
WANTKU. 'V man and wife to
\vorkon a ranch for the winter.
Inquiic at this office. 28 tf
WANTKIJ Place for young innn
to work for board and go to
bchool. Telephone No. 78.
Drink llBne ! Ribbon" loTfec"
Roasted fresh every day. 24tf.
The winter term at Ciister Col
lege will begin January 4th. 27tf
' Through to grass" : Parties
having stock to put out winter or
summer can find good accom da
lion for same by writing.
32-2f C. II. CASS , Loyal , Neb.
Drink "Blue Ribbon" coffee.
Koasted fresh every day. 24-tf
WANTED Educated Christian
man , of ability. Position per
manent with good chance for
announcement. Adivss W. B.
In care of Republican 2t
Two office rooms to rent in the
Meyers builbing. K. F. Meyers.
1 have now arranged to take
care of a genera ! collection busi
ness , having secured a competent
clerk and stenographer , and ' .11
I collvctions will receive prompt
and energetic attention.
20-tf N. T. GADD
-tr / yv |
If a Girl is in Love ,
Thal.s Her Business.
If a Man is in Love ,
Thais His Business.
If They Want toGi i Married ,
Thats Their Business.
\ But if They Mood an Auctioneer ,
Thuts our Business.
TINDER & O'RORKE 2
Broken Bow - v- Nebraska.
Write , IMioiu1 or Who us for dales at our ex
pense. I'liono 3'5.
Market Daysalos Broken Bow Feb. 1 i and : T
Ansi'lmo ' ' OMar.U ,
Farm Salt ! W. B. Kroy , February Uli.
Farm Sale P. S. Barons , February jrd
Consult Us Before Advertising Your Sale.
By C. V. GREGORY ,
Agricultural "Df < cli-tion. latua State College
Copyrliflit. IB03. by Amcrlcnu 1'rcji A'ssoclntloii
( ho condition of llio soil
has so much to do with the
readiness with which the plants
can tcl foiul from It one of the
most liuiiorlant problems that confront
the farmer Is the proper prepiH'Mllon ( )1
tinground. . The lirst work of prepara-
llon usually consists of plowing. PlowIng -
Ing tin1 ground pulvorl/.cs It to sonic
i xti > nt and buries the weeds and trash
that mny bo on the surface- .
Plowing should not bo done when tin-
poll is too wet , or the first of these
objects will not bo accomplLlied. . In-
Plead of belli * : pulverized , the sllco
turned up by the plow will be packed
together inoro llnnl ? thmt over inn )
will bake Into a hard clod. The fur
row slice will also turn up cloddy If
the soil Is too dry.
A Rood way to toll when n Held Is in
proper condition to bo plowed Is to
squce/o n ball of the dirt in your hand.
If it slicks together in a pasty mass
you had better let it dry a few days
longer. If il hangs loosely together In
a mealy ball the plow can bo set to
work at once. Such soil will fall over
the edge of the moldboard In loose ,
crumbly masses. The field will not bo
ridged llko a washboard , as too many
Holds are , but will aptly demonstrate
the truth of the old saying that "a
Held well plowed Is half harrowed. "
In order to do a neat job of plowing
a colt or and a weed hook arc necessa-
FIO. V A QANC1 PLOW AT WOUK.
ry attachments. By using thorn all the
trash can bo turned under completely.
This not only hastens the decay of
such matter , but als.o adds greatly to
the looks of the Held. Too many farmers
ors do not pay enough attention to
looks. A ragged looking field may
raise just as largo a crop as a smooth
one , it is true , but the farmer who Is
careless in his plowing Is likely to bo
careless In everything else.
If the plowing is done in the fall it
docs not matter so much whether It
turns up cloddy or not. The hard
freezes of winter are the best pulver
izers that ever tore a clcd to pieces.
This is ono of the advantages of fall
plowing. One of the disadvantages Is
thrvl in an open winter the soil Is lia
ble to wash badly. This can bo pre
vented to some extent , however , by
planting a catch crop , such as oats or
millet , on the Held after plowing.
The depth of plowing will vary with
the conditions. A light , sandy soil
does not need to bo plowed as deeply
as a heavier one. 11 ! the ground Is
plowed the fame depth every year the
bottom of the furrow will become hard
and the roots will have dllilcnlty in
getting through It readily. A good plan
is to begin at , say four inches , and
plow one-half Inch deeper each year
until a depth of seven or eight Inches
Is reached. Then go back to four
Inches and begin over again. In this
way a 111 tie new soil li : turned up
every season and the layer of surface
soil j'V.ulually deepened.
Spring plowing should bo shallower
than that done in the fall. The soil Is
full of tliy pores , its structure being
much tlu same as that of light bread.
If yon will put ono corner of a sllco
of broad In a dish of water you will
notice ( lint It becomea wet for a con
siderable distance above the surface
of the water. This Is caused by the
moisture ( lowing upward through the
little holes in the bread. The force
that causes water to rise In a small
tube is called capillarity. 11 Is this
capillarity that makes the water rise
from the subsoil up to the surface
where the roots can use it. The
tmiallcr the capillary tubes the faster
and higher the water will rise.
When the ground Is plowed thesu
capillary tubes are broken up , and Ihu
rise of water is checked. To start It
again the soil must be allowed to settle
for a long time or else bo worked down
with the disk , harrow or roller. In the
fall the depth of plowing does not matter
tor , since the furrow slice will have all
winter in which to settle. Hut In the
spring this capillarity must bo restored
almost at once or the surface layer
will become BO dry that germination
and later growth will be checked
Ilonro the Importance of shallow plow
ing , sea > to reduce the labor of disk
ing and harrowing. If the surface of
the ground Is crusted or If there IH
niiK'li trash to bo turned under the
Held should bo disked before It Is
plowed. This will provide for a layoi
of fine dirt In the bottom of the fur
row , which will pack down closely
and help to restore capillarity.
If the furrow turns up "shiny" 01
shoWs any tendency to bake Into clods
It should be harrowed every half day ,
or every day at least. This seems like
a jrri'al d"il : of extra work , but If n
harrow Is kept In the Held It does not
taKi' lout ; In hitch on t < > It and go < > ve :
tinn < ' \\l\ plowed i-trlp jnM before
pilub'g li r ill-oil r night. A few
minutes spent In harrowing at Bucli
times will pnlverl'/.e the ground moro
than hours of work after it haw be
come dry and baked.
The fall plowing will usually need to
be gone over with the disk to get It In
shape for plant Ing. The superior con
dition obtained by double disking
that Is , letting the disk "lap half-will
more than pay for the extra labor.
There Is an additional advantage in
that the surface Is left smooth. Disk
ing spring plowing Is seldom neces
In cases where Improper plowing has
left a Held cloddy the roller may often
beised to advantage. A corrugated
roller Is better for this purpose than a
smooth one , as 11 tends to crush the
clods rather than to simply push them
down Into the liner dirtA home
made "planker" or clod crusher will
often answer the purpose as well UH a
The roller packs the ground consid
erably and so quickens the capillary
rise of water. If the surface Is left
smooth much of the moisture that
comes up will be lost by evaporation ,
and later In the season the crop will
bo likely to suffer from drought. To
avoid this the roller should bo follow
ed Immediately by the harrow.
This loosens a thin layer of surface
soil. When the capillary water reach
es this loose layer Its rise Is cheeked ,
and comparatively little is lost by evap
oration. For this same reason It Is
often well to harrow fall plowing mi
soon as II Is dry enough In the spring ,
especially if disking Is not to be done
After the ground Is plowed and disk
ed the harrow must bo used to complete
pleto ( lie preparation for planting ,
There are many kinds of harrows , but
none that are better than the ordinary
snlko tooth. These are made In all
styles and si/.es. The harrow Is eco
nomical to use , since II , gels over
ground so rapidly. The best time to
harrow In order to pulverize the soil is
Immediately after a light shower. The
little clods will then bo softened and
will be easily knocked to pieces. To
kill weeds , however , It Is better to wait
until the soil Is a little drier , as bur
rowing a wet Hold will transplant the
weeds rather than destroy them.
Do not bo afraid to harrow too much.
No work- that yon can put on a Held
pays belter. No other Implement will
kill as many weeds in so short a time ,
and no other machine will tear clods to
pieces so rapidly. A Held well plowed
and disked and harrowed until it Is In
as Hue tilth as II Is possible to make It
is an ideal seed bed. S'eed planted in
such a soil will start under the most
favorable conditions. If the seed llsell
is ntrong and the after treatment what
it should be , a maximum crop may be
Not all Holds need to bo plowed before -
fore the crop Is put In. 11 Is a general
practice in the corn bell to sow small
grain on stalk Holds without any pre
vious preparation. Kxperlmenlu have
shown that small grain does not yield
enough more en plowed corn slall >
ground to pay the cost of plowing
Very frequently they do not yield an
much. Where amall grain follows
small grain , however , plowing Is nec
essary to kill weeds and loosen the
surface soil. It does not need to be
loosened as deeply au for corn , how
ov r , since the small grain plants nrc
hardier than corn and the roots an
moro aggressive in pushing through !
While plowing stall : ground Is 1111
necessary , It will usually bo fount'
prolitable to disk the land before seed
ing. This chops up the cornstalkf
and provides a mellow layer of sol
for the seed to germinate In.
Where the oats are to be put In will
a drill the ground should bo double
disked previously. If sown broadens
Fid. VI THBl'AItlNO 'IHI ! CHIOCND WITH /
one ( Unking before Bowing and oiu
afterward will cover tlioin better thai
two after Bowing. The drill Is beeoni
Iny more popular for Howiug oats , am
Justly so. It places Hie need at in
even depth and covers tlioin all. I
naves need because It places all of 1
where It has an opportunity to gtxm
After the oats are drilled or disked li
iiit least two harrowlngs should b
'given. ' Even three or four would no
be too many , since this Is the IIIH
chance to cultivate the crop.
In seine parts of the corn belt th
.practice of listing corn is followed
This conslstti In throwing up a larg
furrow and planting the corn In th
bottom of It. In tlil cane there cat
be little previous preparation of tin
ground unless It Is to go over It oiii-i
with tin1N1 : . Corn Is listed onl.n .
\ery ll'j'il M IN. wbli-li tin not piulilli
! heii'iM' ' i l"dd ; , enslly Swli solb
nei > i ] It preparation than the heavlei
clayu and loams
Shepparcl & Burk
Wit HAVK A NICK NKW IJNK OK
DateSi Importd Figs , Honey , Celery , *
Cranberries , Sweet Potatoes ,
Dill Pickles , Candied Cherries ,
Candied Citron Peal ,
Candied Lemon Peal ,
Orange Peal , Nut Meats ,
After Dinner Mints ,
a nil kinds of Nuts. New crop is now in. We also have
fine fresh Oysters right from Baltimore big ones the kind
YOU CAN' FRY.
Baldwin Nut and Lump
il Cannon and Nigger Head Coal
WE ALSO NOW HAVE NICE PEA COAL
-j I'ecd in large anc small quantities at both wholesale
q and retail.
N Hpecial attention given to filling orders for coal
j ? in any quantity.
§ llrohon Bow , Nebraska
Send your Abstract Orders to
J. G. LEOIAED ,
' Office in Security State Bank B'ld'ng
A 1JHTR ACTING
BROKEN BOW ABSTRACT CO. BONDED
Kami Loans Quickly Closed
I. A. RENEAU
1908 WHITEHALL POLAND-CHINAS 1908
As tfood as money can buy or skill produce.
Rt'II.VM UOVi \ >
1st and Sweepstakes at Nebraska State Fair 1907.
WHITKIIAU , KING4H003 ,
Uf well nigh faultless conformation and breeding.
7 SOWS AVERAGED 12 PIGS , SPRING ' 08. 7
Sows Sired Hy : King I < ok 2.1459 , Orand I < ook 38305 , Chief Tec. 3rd , 207.10 ,
Young Tec. 42406. , standard Chief 2nd etc.
Slock for Sale at Private Treaty No Public Side This Pall.
M. E. Vandenbertf , - - - Sargent , Nebraska.
Your Boy !
Mr. Farmer : Lty the time your boy grows up and becomes old
enough to take up in his own name one of the new Government Ir
rigated farms in the Hig Horn Basin it will be too late for him to
get on < . ' . Will you let his chance go by ? Is this fair to the boy ?
What will he think of your foresight when he seeks for land and
finds that you neglected to take in 1'JO'J ' , almost as a gitt , an Uncle
Sam Irrigated Farm that in 1'H'J will cost hiu SlSO per acre ? Of
course , if he has the price , all right , but what if he has not ?
Only $27.50 Round Trip After 'Mar. 1st.
Personally conducted excursions first and third Tuesdays of
each month.Vrite I ) . Clem Uoavcr , General Agent. Latvlseekers
Information Uuroau , lUOt Farnam St. , Omaha , about these ex-
H. L , Ormsby , Broken Bow , Neb. ,
Iv \V.\KKI.KY , tJ. I * . A. , OMAHA.