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About Custer County Republican. (Broken Bow, Neb.) 1882-1921 | View Entire Issue (Oct. 1, 1908)
JUDGE CLELAND , FATHER OF
CHICAGO PAROLE SYSTEM.
Municipal Court Jurist Has Horror of
Prisons Believes Our Penal Plan
Is Mere Machine for Mak
ing Criminals ,
Chicago. Municipal Judge McKcn-
v.lo Cleland , father of Chicago's parole
H.vHtem , Is nn earnest man. Ho was an
earnest boy , and ho has taken life
Horlously slnca the days when ho
ultchcd hay on a Minnesota farm.
Nobody Is altogether good and no
body IB altogether bad , but most pee
ple1 Btnnd In need of reformation.
That Is the creed of Judge Cleland ,
nnd ho has made up his mind that
pntt of that reforming must bo done
by himself. There Is a strong strain
of rugged Puritanism In the man ,
which , however , Is softened by a cer
tain kindliness nnd tolerance which
was conspicuous by Its absence from
the characters of those stern old war-
ilors who rode the chivalry of Eng
land Into the dust and made the now
Judge Clolnnd was born with a hori -
i or of many things a horror of Irro-
llglon , a horror of Intemperance , a
horror of vice , and , above all , a hori -
i or of prison ! ? . Ho Is Inclined to con-
( iinn the whole penal HVMtcm ns a
note machine for the manufacture of
To the general public Judge Clolnnd
lu best known as tho'man who Intro
duced ( he parole Hyslem. When ho
left liln private practice to sit on the
bench ut Maxwell street ho had bo-
lore him nn uncqunlcd opportunity to
put Into practice some of the theories
Judge McKenzle Cleland.
which ho long had hold In regard to
criminals nnd offenders against the
lawo. Ho was called upon dally to do-
oldo the temporary fate of dozens of
the Inhabitants of one of the moat
polyglot and poorest sections of many
tovgued Chicago. The great majority
of those who came before him were
entity of minor offenses , such as
drunkenness and potty thieving , and
consequently formed good subjects for
the reform judge.
Drink , drugs , nnd physical defects !
In these causes Judge Cleland bcllovos
ho has discovered the root of nearly
nil wrong doing. His process of rea
soning Is simple. The causes first
must bo removed , and then the state
must BOO to it that the offender has
n chance to mend his ways. That pun
ishment rarely corrects Is the belief
of Judge Cloland , nnd so ho sot about
to glvo those who foil Into the clutches
of the law a chance of redemption
To ono of the simple nnd direct
methods of thinking which character
ized Judge Cloland precedents wcro
of no Importance.
Judge Cloland has expressed on
many occasions bin detestation of
prisons and his belief that they nro
productive of more harm than good.
AB well as being a deeply rellgloiiB
man , ho IB an active church worker
nnd ofllclates ns superintendent of the
Sunday school of his church. Ho Is
nlso on the boards of numerous re
ligious and seml-rollglous organiza
tions , and any cause which has for Its
purport the betterment of humanity
is Dttro to find a strong friend In the
Judge Cloland was born In Delhi , N.
Y. , In 1SGO , but his family moved to
Minnesota when ho was three . .years
old and ho spent his boyhood on n
farm. Ho graduated from Mqnmouth
( III. ) college In 1882 and went to St
Louis , whom ho graduated from.Wash
ington University Law school lnv 188-1.
lie worked \ \ \ & way through the law
school by doing newspaper work. The
next year ho came to Chicago and
darted to practice law , first as part
ner with D. II. Plnnoy , ex-justlco of
the Bupiomo court of Arizona , and
Inter with Deloa P. Phelps , formerly
assistant United States treasurer.
When the tnutnlclpal court system
was Inaugurated he offered hlmselt
for election and received the hearty
backing of the churches and law and
order leagues of Englewood , whore ha
has lived for 20 years and whore he la
universally respected. He IB married
and has four children.
The judge is not a man who has
much time for amusements. All his
IIfo ho has been a hard worker and
more than ever at present when In ad
dition to his judicial duties ho take ?
nn active part In the work of so man ;
religious and other organizations.
viduals may feel
on the subject of
wearing mourning ,
the fact remalna
that peopleIn the
highest walks of
II fo continue to
show icapec ! for
their dead , and
for their grief , by
putting on mourn
ing apparel. Good
J u d g in cut has ,
however , modified materials used and
heavy fabrics have been supplanted
by these of lighter weight , In rich ,
deep black. AH whlto , or a liberal
mixture of whlto with black , In suitable -
able materials , Is accepted as correct
In millinery nothing surpasses the
beautiful hats of white crape and the
combination of this material , both In
black and white , with other fabrics ,
In making up elegant mourning. Crape
Is the insignia of mourning nnd by
using it ns a trimming , or finish , light
weight nnd elegant hats and bonnets
nro made. Mourning millinery Is con ;
ceded to bo the highest typo of milli
nery art. Recently n medium large
lint was shown in Paris , made of
whlto silk with a wide border of
whlto crape about the edge of the
brim. A cluster of bows of whlto
ribbon at the front , studded with
white orchids , trailing off Into a half
wreath about the crown , was chosen
for the trimming. As nn example of
elegance In millinery nnd exquisite
beauty In Itself , this bat created a
sensation , oven In the city of wonder
ful millinery. The white orchids were
almost llko shadows of that ethereal
FOR A BIG FAMILY.
Twirling Tray Docs Much to Expedite
There Is n novelty extremely smart
as well as sensible , that solves a
problem of many a housekeeper , both
those with plenty of servants nnd
thoao with none. This Is n twirling
tray to expedite table service.
To have the meals of a. largo family
daintily , even comfortably , served re
quires a skilled waitress. Even so
there are apt to bo long waits or
The English fashion of being more
Informal for breakfast and luncheon
than for dinner , is gaining headway
with us. While the side-table serv
ice , with each one helping his or her
self , has by no moans become general
oral , It is being more and more
adopted , especially In country homes.
A convenient substitute Is found In
one of these trays. They are made
to match the table , either mahogany
or oak , and nro about 24 Inches In
diameter , though they can bo made
to suit any width table. Each tray
has n rim nnd rests on a standard on
which It slides easily.
The twlrlcr Is placed In the center
of the table , In reach of till , nnd on it
nro placed , butter , preserves , bread
nnd ' 'rolls , the molasses pitcher , and
such relishes ns radishes , celery , or
cheese. As these are the things that
nro In constant demand , nnd keep the
waitress busy , it Is a great time-
savor to have them reached by simply
a twirl of the tray.
Ugly ? Not all nil ; ratho'r un
usual looking at first , but the tray can
bo mndo very dainty with Its snowy
embroidered cover , n vnso of flowers
In the center , and the other dishes en
II ono cares to go to the expense
there nro sectional dishes made that
Just fit these trays. They are shallow
ann rimmed , and have a circular dish
In the center , with six or eight tri
angular dishes radiating from it to
form an outer circle.
When the family Is extra largo two
trays nro used , ono at each end of the
While these trays are only consid
ered "tho thing" for breakfast nnd
luncheon , nnd nro generally used on
the bare table ; when there Is no maid
they can bo used us convenience die-
Let a woman who has been working
all the morning over the countless
details of housekeeping put on her
hat and go oiXfor n brisk walk. If It
Is only for 15 minutes it will do her
untold good her head will bo clearer
and her heart lighter.
Time thus taken is not wasted , but
the best kind of nn investment , as <
she will find she can do much more
In the long ru.u.
flower , nnd might bo termed Angel
orchids very appropriately.
The mourning millinery illustrated
hero shows the combinations of net
nnd crape , allk nnd crape , and whlto
crape alone. In the snllor hat the
shape la covered with folds 'of crape.
The ruche about the crown and the
veil IB short and full nnd the model
ono of the bcBt , nlwnya In style and
becoming to nearly every face.
A very smart hat of whlto crape Is
shown. This Is Intended for a young
woman. Bonnets and
veils of this exquisite
fabric arc worn by
women with white hair
nnd the effect Is very
striking nnd charming.
For a widow or moth
er in mourning the
bonnet of black silk
effectively with folds of crape Is serv
iceable and very appropriate. The
veil , when worn In the summer , Is
of net bordered with crape or silk
grenadine. For winter It Is of
silk grcnndlno bordered with crape ,
except when ono Is In deep
mourning , when It Is entirely of
A word of caution to those buyIng -
Ing crapes and grenadines. These
fabrics are sometimes almost Imper
ishable. There are varieties , how
ever , that are easily ruined by mois
ture. Always test the material by
Immersing a piece of It In water. In
the right kind the color will not
run , nor Iho crimp come out. These
fabrics may bo successfully reno
vated nnd made to look like new-
by steaming them , when the mois
ture-proof kind Is bought.
MATERIAL FOR THE COLLAR.
Fine Mull In Thread Tucks Is Now
The new separnto collar to attach tea
a thin whlto blouse Is made of very
fine mull In thread tucks , edged with
a tiny border of black silk muslin at
top and bottom.
A line of this Is also run up the
back and It Is fastened with tiny round
silk buttons nnd cord loops.
The little bow attached to the front
Is of plaited mull edged with the
black , and In the center there Is a
butterfly of Irish lace.
This stock Is especially effective
with an all-white suit and carries out
the color scheme If there are black
pumps and stockings and a whlto hat
trimmed with black satin.
It is quite the fashion to finish the
center of the stiff little bows worn in
front of stock with a motif of heavy
lace. Those can easily be picked up
by the half dozen at sales.
Another pretty idea in neckwear Is
a largo how of messallno made with
equal loops nnd ends finished with a
heavy silk cord to match at all edges.
These sell In some shops for $1.50 ,
but If a girl has a bit of messallno in
the house she can make ono for the
prlco of the cord.
They nro worn at the base of the
stock as well as with the thin turnover -
over collar which Is taking the place
of the thick linen turnover.
Voile for Traveling.
Few women can afford to keep n
pown entirely for traveling. It must
be utilized for walking nnd for simple
and Informal occasions , and It should
bo n gown that can bo worn In town
in the fall. With all of these things
pressing upon her mind the woman
who goes out to buy a traveling dress
bns much with which to contend.
Voile makes n light traveling dross ,
nnd It Is durable If ono understands
voile. A certain modlsto displayed a
lllnc vollo which she said had been
worn two seasons by ono of her cus
tomers. This year , ufter a little reno-
atIon , It was being treated to n nar-
low trimming of braid upon the collar
nnd cuffs nnd to a braided design
down the back. A coat of lilac-
colored braid , three-quarter length nnd j
fastening loosely down the front , waste
to complete the renovation of the lilac
costume. A black straw hat faced
with lilac silk and trimmed with lllnc
flowers makes the costiuno ono of har
Making EssencS of Lemon.
Do not throw away the rind of
lemons , for It can bo utilized nicely.
FIJI a bottle with rectified spirits nnd
when using lemons cut away the yellow -
low part from the lemon nnd place In
the spirits. You will find this qutto ns
good ns tho'essence of lemon which
\you buy : " Essence of ornngo can bc >
I tmiiiu'ln the snmo manner.
HOW THEW/ UM Of MTUAAL HMTORY MLL AW AR WHEff WPLETW
When the three great museums of
the Greater New York are completed
In the years to come there will be
given to the country and the world
groups of art palaces the like of which
the world has never before seen.
They will represent an expenditure of
$50,000,000 exclusive of the priceless
collections which will find shelter
within the spacious walls of the insti
tutions. The Metropolitan Museum of
Ait will bo the largest building de
voted to art In the world ; the com
pleted museum of natural history will
overshadow the British museum , and
the Hrooklyn Institute museum is
planned along the same magnificent
lines. In the case of the last named
the eastern wing , recently finished ,
completes nn entire front of the struc
ture , including the corner towers. In
the case of the Natural History
museum the great outer wall has
Hnnlly turned the southwestern corner
and Is being carried some distance
northward. The new wing Is the first
of the great side walls of the building.
The Fifth avenue facade of the Met-
opolltan museum Is being carried this
year nearly a block northward from
the main entrance. The new wing Is
particularly Interesting , since It Is the
first wall to bo built besides the en
trance , on the outer line of the build-
Ing. The museum will ultimately In-
close the great hollow rectangle ,
whoso longest dimensions will parallel
Fifth avenue. The main buildings of
the museum to-day , those In red brick ,
will In time be completely Inclosed.
The outer walls will bo of a light gray
atone. The coat of this building when
completed , It Is estimated , will be
$22,000,000. Sir Caspar Pnrdon Clarke
said recently that he believed the
great museum would be completed In
ten years , when It will certainly be the
chief architectural feature of the city.
Some idea of the proportions of this
building may be had from the state
ment that the present Fifth avenue
facade , nearly two blocks in length , is
less than one-fourth the length of the
completed eastern front.
The new wing Is built of a somewhat -
what lighter stone than the main en
trance. The same alignment Is main
tained. It is two floors In height , with
' , a basement. One of the features of
the now addition is a spacious lecture
hall opening from this wing Into the
Inner courtyard. The need of such a
hall has been felt for years. The walls
of the now wing on the Inner courts
are of whlto brick , and the greater
part of the roof Is of grass. The In
terior Is designed with the same ef
fect of lofty spaciousness so charac
teristic of the older halls of the
The management of the museum
has long been embarrassed for room ,
and the new wing will be quickly
taken up. The second floor , according
to the present plans , will bo devoted
to Robert Fulton and Hendrlck Hud
son nnd their times. The display ol
those collections will have a pccullai
timeliness in view of the approaching
Hudson anniversary. It IB probable
that the Honchel collection , the prop
orty of Mr. J. Plerpont Morgan , win
also be allotted space In this wing.
Although the new wing , as seen from
the street , appears to bo practically
complete , it is not expected that it
will be regularly thrown open to the
public for some months.
The Natural History museum will be
carried a step nearer completion this
year by the opening of the south wing
of the west facade and by a new approach
preach to the central power house and
tower. The museum , It Is perhaps not
generally realized , will ultimately
considerably exceed In size the
British museum. It Is now nearly 20
years slnco the first hall was built ,
ono of the Interior wings , which Is
now almost completely hidden. Slnco
then the entire south fncado has been
completed , an avenue block in
It lift ti.
The new wing carries the line of the
corner tower on the west nearly a city
block northwest , thus giving the first
suggestion of the appearance of the
west front as It will ultimately ap
pear. The great building will some
day occupy the entire space facing
Central park , measuring three city
blocks In length and ono avenue block
In width. A great central tower will
ultimately rise high above the present
Despite the apparently endless corridors
riders of the present structure the
museum is badly cramped for room.-
There are tons of valuable material ,
gathered at great expense , which It Is
impossible to display. Space in the
wing with Its five broad floors Is , how
ever , already heavily mortgaged.
With many exhibits demanding space ,
It has been decided to devote the new
wing to the new Congo and Philippine
collections. The Congo exhibit , re
cently obtained In Belgium , of unusual
popular as well as scientific Interest , is
especially timely. It Is believed It
will make a very strong popular ap
peal and will amply justify the space
devoted to it.
The second wing , which Is available
for exhibition purposes this year , leads
from the central power house directly
westward. While smaller than the
south wing on the street side , It Is
nevertheless an Important addition to
the museum. This wing will be given
over to various fish exhibits. It will
soon be thrown open to the public.
These wings together make the most
Important addition to the museum In
some six years.
As in the case of Its neighbor , the
Metropolitan museum , the new wing
stands practically complete so far as
Its outer appearance Is concerned.
The brown stone used In Its construc
tion Is of course somewhat lighter in
tone than In the older parts of the
building , but a few years of exposure
will correct this.
The now addition to the Brooklyn
Institute museum has already doubled
the capacity of the building. The
work here has been completed some
months In advance of the similar addi
tions to the other city museums. The
completion of this wing has done more
for the general appearance of the
building than have the additions to
the other museums. An entire facade
of the Brooklyn museum now stands
completed where before a single wing
appeared somewhat Isolated and de
tached. The museum will ultimately
inclose a great hollow square , with im
pressive towers at the four corners
and with elaborate staircases leading
up at the center of each aide. The
now wing carries the building from
the central entrance to the corner ,
thus rendering the facades symmet
The now wing has so far cost $2.-
100,000 , and It stands to-day less than
one-fourth complete. The central
staircase and approach to the east
wing cost nlono nearly $90,000. It Is
In some respects the most beautiful
architectural feature In the city.
Wisdom of Economy.
If men would only bo content to live
on the right side of their incomes
there would bd Httlo cause to fear
panics , for they could bo easily
averted when they threatened. The
man of saving habits , of thrift , of
economy , who never allows his output
to exceed what he takes In , can al
ways breast the storm and roach the
port of safety.
Cotton Growing In Uganda.
American upland cotton grown In
Uganda actually commands a higher
price in tho-Manchester market than
when It Is rown In the United States.
There appears to bo practically no
natural difficulty In its cultivation
throughout the larger part of Uganda ,
A great development la only a ques
tion of organization nnd money.
ONE KIDNEY GONE
But Cured After Doctors Said There
Was No Hope.
Sylvanus O. Vorrlll , Mllford , Me. ,
says : . "Five years ago a bad injury
paralyzed mo and
affected my kid
neys. My back hurt
mo terribly , and
the urlno was bad
ly discolored. Doc
tors said my right
kidney was practi
cally dond. They
said I could never
walk again. I read
of Doan's Kidney Pills nnd began us
ing them. Ono box made mo stronger
and freer from pain. I kept on using
thorn nnd In three months was able to
got out on crutches , and the kidneys
were acting better. I Improved rap
idly , discarded the crutches and to
the wonder of my friends was soon
completely cured. "
Sold by all dealers. 50 cents a box.
Fostor-Mllburn Co. , Buffalo , N. Y.
ONLY A COW.
Artist ( who has' boon bothered by
rustics breathing on him all the morn
ing ) My good fellow , I assure you
that you can see the sketch with more
/advantage from a little distance !
DEEP CRACKS FROM ECZEMA
Could Lay Slatc-Pencll In One Hands
In Dreadful State Permanent
Cure In Cutlcura.
"I had eczema on my hands for
about seven years and during that
time I had used several so-called rem
edies , together with physicians' nnd
druggists' 'prescriptions. The disease
was so bad on my hands that I could
lay a slate-pencil In ono of the cracks
and a rule placed across the hand
would not touch the pencil. I kept
using remedy after remedy , and while
some gave partial relief , none relieved
as much as did the first box of Cutl k.
cura Ointment I made a purchaao of
Cutlcura Soap and Ointment and my
hands were perfectly cured after two
boxes of Cutlcura Ointment and one
cake of Cutlcura Soap were used. W.
H. Dean , Newark , Del. , Mar. 28 , 1907. "
A remarkable machine raado by a
lately deceased member of the RoytU
Microscopical society for writing with
a diamond seems to have been broken
up by its Inventor. A specimen of Its
works is the Lord's prayer of 227 let
ters , written In the 1,237,000 of a
square Inch , which Is at the rate of
53,880,000 letters or 15 complete
Bibles , to a single square inch. To
decipher the writing It Is necessary to
use a 1-12-Inch objective , which Is the
high power lens physicians employ for
studying the most minute bacteria ,
The population of the Chinese em
pire la largely a matter of estimate.
There has never been such census of
the empire as that which is
taken every decade in this country.
But the estimate of the Almanach do
Gotha for 1900 may be taken as fairly
reliable. According to that estimate ,
the population of the empire Is , In
lound numbers , about 400,000,000. It
Is probably safe to say that if the
human beings on earth were stood up
in line every fourth ono would be a
Wanted to Go the Same Way.
Wo were taking a little trip Into the
country. The only vacant seats In the
train were turned so as to face each
other. I told my little girl , four
years old , to take the seat In front of
me , aa riding backward
make her sick. She hesitated , and
"I know It won't make mo sick , but
if I ride backward will I go to the
same place you are going to ? "
AFRAID TO EAT.
Girl Starving on Ill-Selected Food.
"Several years ago I was actually
starving , " writes a Me. girl , "yet dared
not eat for fear of the consequences.
"I had suffered from indigestion
from overwork , Irregular meals and
Improper food , until at last my stomach
ach became so weak I could eat
scarcely any food without great dis
"Many kinds of food were tried , all
with the same discouraging effects. I
steadily lost health and strength until
I was but a wreck of my former self.
"Having heard of Grape-Nuts and
Its great merits , I purchased a package -
ago , but with little hope that It would
help me I was so discouraged.
"I found It not only appetizing but
that I could eat It aa I liked and that
It satisfied the craving for food with
out causing distress , and if I may
use the expression , 'It filled the bill. '
"For months Grape-Nuts was my
pr'nclpal article of diet. I felt from
the vor. first that I had found the
right way to health and happlnesit ,
and my anticipations were fully re
"With its continued use I regained
my usual health and strength. To-day
I am well and can eat anything I like ,
yet Grape-Nuts food forms a part of
my bill of fare. " "There's a Reason. "
Name given by Postum Co. , Battle
Creek , Mich. Rend "Tho Read to Well-
vlllo , " In pkgs.
Ever read the above letter ? A new
one appears from tlmo to time , They
are genuine , true , and full of human V
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