Custer County Republican. (Broken Bow, Neb.) 1882-1921, November 23, 1905, Image 7

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\ I 17'1 III : ' ; ; ; q'Ur' : J
mur er of American mlsslonar les In Llcnchow , China , has stirred the
various mission boards greatly , and app enIs to the United States government for
' protection for such occurrences In futur e are hourly being made. In the above
pictures the fine church belonging to th e mission Is shown and also thu murdered
missionary and physician , who helped to build It.
Their Zeal In Religious Matters Angered -
. gered Native Populace.
Advices have been receIved at
} Hongltong confirmIng the news of the
massacre of American missionarIes at
Lianchow and gIving the following
J va rticul ! ) rs :
Dr. 1\Iachle requested the removal
, of a street theater near the hospital
on account of the noise. ThIs request
incensed the Chinese , who , becoming
violent , attacled ; : the hospital.
Becoming frenzied , the crowd
burned the hospital , the girls' school ,
and the residences of the mlsson- [
. . Dr. 1\Iachlo , 1\1rs. I\1achle , their 10-
. ' d. . . . .cnr.old daughter , Mr. and 1\1rs. :
stV' Pearle , Dr. Chesnut , and 1\I1ss Patter-
60n took refuge in a cave. The mob
pursued them and lmed ; : all except
Dr. 1\1achle and Miss Patterson , who
escaped to the Yam en. Dr. Machle
; , was badly wounded.
Another account says the Lianchow
nassacre was due to the unhappy ac-
\ tlon of Mrs. 1\1achle , who , on the refusal ; -
fusal at some ot the members ot a
ativo procession to desist from wor-
shilling the idols they carried , seized
. the idols and declined to restore them
J to their owners. Thereupon the Infuriated -
, furiated processlonists surrounded
and destroyed the mission and as.
saulted the inmates. They then murdered -
dered them and threw theIr bodies
Into the river.
; Prompt action has been talten b-
the American authorities In ChIna to
Eecure full reparation for the massacre -
sacre ot American missionaries at
t Mosquito an Electoral Issue.
John 1\Iartin , candidate for borough
. president in Richmond , Staten Island ,
dragged the mosquito into hIs com-
paign. In a manifesto he said :
"Scientific methods for exterminating
mosquitoes are lmown. They require
only energy , money and omclal baclt-
Ing to make them effective. We could
onslderably reduce the discomfort
i from mosquitoes if our borough president -
, , dent would take up the campaign en-
DrsotlcnllJ' . I pledge m 'selt , if
elected , to use all my power and to
devote at least one.firth of my salary
to rid the island ot the mosquito pest.
A successtul campaign would double
real estate values. "
Wear Imitation Crowns.
Some eastern society leaders have
adopted the vogue ot havIng their
diamonds set , not as ordinary tiaras
' or coronets , but In imitation ot the
royal crowns worn by the sovereigns
} - of Europe. Mrs. John Jacob Astor
and Mrs. Clarence Mackay have had
their coronets made In the shape of
the English crown. Mrs. Howard
Gould posseses ono exactly 111m that
ot Queen Helen ot Italy. 1\Irs. \ Charles
YerltCs 'wears on her brow a facsimile
ot thQ Spanish queen's diadem , while
Mrs. Dradley Martin has had the historic -
toric crown ot Empress JosephIne
copied for her parsonal Use.
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)1. I Insurance Postcard.
. "Commercial de. Rouen , " a photographic -
graphic institute at Zurich , has conceIved -
ceIved the Idea ot an insurance post-
card. ThIs card , which costs only
twenty centimes ( four cents ) , w111 insure -
I sure the person to whom it is sent
against accident or death during n
perIod ot thirty da 's. Moreover , It
r Is permissIble to address the card to
t ono's selt. In case ot death $200 Is
n . paid the next ot lttn , and In case ot
non-tatal accIdents $2.25 per week
durIng such time as the holder may
be unable to worlt.
English Ambassadors at Present All
Comparatively Young.
A very noticeable feature In the
diplomatic worid Is the way In whIch
younger men are superseding the
older diplomatists who ruled the roost
a generation ago. Seniority Is not
now the main cause of promotion to
the higher posts , and the fact is much
resented by those who find them.
selves passed over or shelved. An examination -
amination of the ages of our Ambassadors -
sadors w111 show that Sir Francis
Bertie ( France ) has nine more years
of utiUty before he will be obliged by
the rules of the slrvlco to retire , SIr
Edwin Egerton ( Italy ) six , Sir Edward -
ward Goschen ( Austria ) about sixteen -
teen , Sir Francis I'lscelles ( Ger.
many ) eight , Sir \lortimer Durand
( United States ) fifteen , Sir Nicholas
O'Conor . ( Turley ) eight , Sir Arthur
Nicolson ( Spain ) fourteen , and Sir
Charles Hardinge , at the important
post of St. Petersburg , no less than
twenty-three 'ears.-Vanity Fair.
Why Professor Has Changed His
Views as to Coeducation.
An objection to coeducational colleges -
leges which has not been much heard
ot in pUblic Is stated by a professor
In one of them. He has taught there
n dozen 'ears and at first was a
strong advocate of the system. Now
he says he would lUte to see women
banished from the university or would
I1lte to receive a call to a man's unI-
versity. And the reason he gives Is
what he calls the American woman's
passion for turning ever .thing into n
social affair. This professor describes
in dataU the social funcUons of the
women's side of the college , the development -
opment of the taste for formal society -
ciety , the dress parade , as he regards
it , and closes with the declaration
that the fcw who can talto high rank
as students wiU before long go
abroad , where women students renlly
appi ) ' themselves to study and do not
thInk about society at the same tImo.
-Hartford , Conn. , Times.
Niagara May Yet Be Saved.
What shall Niagara do to be saved
from withering into extinction ? As
the children ot Israel crossed dl'1
shod over the Red Sea , so every
AmerIcan now 11vlng may some day
expect to walk on dry rocks from
shore to shore where now 110w the
most famous falls ot the continent.
Dr. Clark , New York's state gQologlst ,
calculates that when 80,000 cubIc feet
have been subtracted from the rIver
the American falls wiU have drIed
away. Power hunters have already
located sites tor the plants that will
drain away 88,400 feet of the river ,
thus providing certain doom for the
American splendor , unless swIft ac.
tlon be taken to save It from harness
and humlllaUon and from advertising
to the world that "we are ready to
coin into dollars every good and beau.
tlful thing earth affords. "
Stamp.Coliectlng Statistics.
Somebody interested in such mat.
tel's has compiled an interesting table
ot statistics of the number ot stamps
ot all countries issued during the past
sixty 'ears. l"rom this statement 11
appears Umt the collector who would
have an absolutely perfect collection
must possess 11,242 ! different stamps ,
Ot these , the Republic ot San Salvador
has moro issues to its credit than any
other country. The number up tc
June 30th was 452. Oceania has 1,426
varIeties , Asia 3.G2S , Africa 4,005
Europe , 4,089 , and America G,095.
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Princtl Louis of Dattenberg In Como
mand of Vl ltlng Squadron ,
Prince LouIs ot U\tlcnborg , who Is
In commnnd ot the DrItish sl1ul\dron
which nrrh'ed nt AnnnflOlls on n vlllit
of courtesy , nnd will call at New
York , Is n nephew ot King
110 Is the son ot Prln e Alexander of
IIesse and Princess Allee , Klnl Ed'
U L < < Y 0I"/ilf.17 1
"ard's sister. He Is a naturalIzed
British subject , and entered the BrItIsh - :
Ish navy In 18G8 as a'cndet.
Year Book Just Issued Makes a Gratifying -
fying Showing.
The Y. M. C. A. year boole , just Issued -
sued , stated that the nunlber of assocIations -
cIations in North America 'has Increased -
creased to 1.S2G , with a membership
of 381,982. 'I'hey own 517 buildings
and other property ot an estimated
value of more than $32OOOOOO-nn
increase ot $2,400,000 during the year
-and $2,733,000 hns been pledged for
143 new buildings. Lnst year the association -
sociation paid $4,800.000 for supervisIon -
Ion nnd other current expenses , Increased -
creased theIr force ot employes to
2,013 and yet have 255 temporary va.-
cancies ;
The Y. M. C. A. railroad departments -
ments number 203 , with 356 se re-
tarles. The 70l ! cOllege associations
have 50,419 members , and the army
nnd navy department had an nttend-
, anco of 500,000. The educational
classes had an enrollment ot 33,210
Will Devote Life to Good Deeds.
Mrs. Newman K. Perry of Pittsfiold ,
Mass. , wife of Lieut , Perr - , who was
It111ed b ' th hlowing up of the Den-
nington in San Diego harbor last sum.
mer , says she w111 devote the remain.
der of her life to nursing slclt sailors
and soldiers. She Is to enter St.
Luke's training school for nurses in
conrectlon with the hOSIJ1tal in Ne"
Yorlt and after graduating will offer
her services to the governmcnt. Mrs.
Perry Is only 20 years old. She Is In.
tensely patriotic. When the body of
Lieut. Perry was sent cast Mrs. Perry
would nllow no one to ha vo any part
in the funeral who was not a sailor
or a soldIer , and the lieutenant was
burled wUh full m1l1tary honors.
Dispatches from Copenhagen announce -
nounce that Henrilt Ibsen , the Nor-
I Henrlk Ibsen.
wegian dramatist , is pronounced to bo
sufferIng from nrterial sclerosis. Ho
Is unable to move , but Is mentallY
New Maps of Railroads.
E. H. Harrimnn , who has introduced
many new thIngs into railroadIn hils
found time to devise still another. Ho
has ordered his passenger depar
rr.ents to print hereafter maps ot the
various HarrIman roads , showing the
exact course of the rails. Up to thIs
tlmo all railroad maps have prInted
the right ot way as the shortest dls.
tance between two points. Mr. Harri.
man's maps w111 show cll'clen and zig.
zags as they occur on his lines. This
important step probahly w111 force
other roads to abolish the maps show.
ing theIr routes as the "crow 111es. "
RussIan Woman Poet Dies.
The "poet's corner" In the cemeter ,
I ot the Alexander Newsli ; : cloister iD
St. Petersburg has bnen augmented
by the grave ot M 'rrha I.ochwizlmyo
( Ylbert ) , nne of the few RussiaD
women who have attained eminence
, tor theIr poetry. She was the daugh
. ter ot a prominent law 'er In St
Petersbur , where she was born It
1861. ! In 1896 her first volume 01
, poems was issued : three other vol
i urneS tollowed. Her verso Is char
, acterized by Oriental 10llches , an
her tavor1t9 theme Is 10\0.
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l or dnrlng nnd enterprIse , tor boldness -
ness in the face of danger , the hardy
flshermen who wrest a livollhool from
the perilous Arctic SXlS are not sur-
IlSsel by au ' on the globe.
At this moment hundreds ot these
mon are hattling with storm and Ice ,
fog antI treacherous currents In the
frigid wnters ot Labrador , Greenland
nnd Iceland. .
Setting ont from homo ports sometimes -
times ns carl ) ' ns April , by August
the ' reach t.ho northern limits or Ulolr
fishIng grounds nud , IJcrhalls , hnve aI-
road ' encountered extraordinary
hnrdshlps nnd perils.
The cargoes of codfish and halibut
the ' bring baclt to stock the 111arltets
ot the United states nre often secured
at great cost In suffering , and Oven
Innumerable are the dn.ngers ot U10
fishIng fields. Worlt must be done ort-
Urnes amid Iceber&6 and drift paclts ;
treacherous fogs descend. , nnd many
fishing vessels ere cut down by some
rushing liner and sent to the . bottom
with all hamls. '
A ! ; reatcr percentage ot these mon
are lost than in any oUler calling , not
excepting thnt of arms. It has long
been said thnt the history ot the Glou-
ct-ster fisheries Is written In tears.
Gloucester , 1\Inss. , is the recognized
nnd tlme-honored ; homo port ot this
11shlng 11eet. At times Its l1 rbor Is
crowded with staunch schooners that
have Imown many a battle with the
" , Ind , wave and 111reatening ice.
Were it not for the sltill nnd darIng ,
ot these hnrdy men , the fish mnrltets
( ) t the United States would be laclting
a largo percentnge ot n staple Ulat has
become almost Indispensable.
As early as AIJrll the "captnins cour-
ageous" ot Gloucester start out. They
maltO their way northward , fishIng nIl
along the Newfoundland coast , bat-
tllnl ; with floes and bergs , dodlng !
passIng steamers , watching for dIsaster -
ter amid fogs , hut busily fishing all .
the while.
Straight Into the teeth ot the ice
that is comIng' southward they press ,
unUl they reach the halibut banlts
about the mouth of Hudson bay , or
the fishing grounds along the shores
ot Greenland.
Ono July mornIng an American
schooner waR setting out her fishing
lines In Arctic waters when U10 whlto
" , all of an advancing Ice fioo was seen
coming swiftly alan ! ; on the bosom of
the relentless Lahmdor current. It
wns n lone , terrifying barrIer , bristling -
ling with jagged points nnd bloclts of
Ice twenty feet hIgh.
Tn this massIve grIp the ship was
caught , her rudder was smashed and
her scams opened. Ice closed around
her 1IItO some giant band ot destiny
and immense blocltB crashed upon her
Dy setting all ller canvas , at the
risk ot 11llving her spars torn out , the
vessel finally worlted clenr. For six
days the weary crew tolled without
ceasing nt the pumps , unUl they made
St. John's lmrbor.
Very fortunate they felt In escapIng
so easily. Hundreds ot vessels Imd
been caught In similar Ice paclts and
crushed to pieces.
Thil ! instance Is cited ns 1lIustratlhg
a common danger or U10 fishIng
qrounds. Hundreds ot vessels lmvo
had similar experiences , " , h lie many
lInfortunates have never returned to
tell the talc.
It Is 11. danger UlIlt swoops down
with startIlng swiftness. One hour
may see the ocean compnratively free
or obstructions , nnl 11. number ot vessels -
sels busy with their fishIng lInes : the
next , all may be encircled by an Ice
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . -
"Father" Ballou's Religion.
At one time , many J'cars : lSO , the
UnIversalist Soclety of 1\1othuen ,
1\Iass. , was without n pastor , and the
pulpit was sUPPIled from Sunday to
Sunday by different clergymen who
were "put up" by one of the deacons.
On a certain Sunday when "Father"
Dallou was engaged to preach the deacon -
con was called out of town , so he arranged -
ranged with 1\Irs. Drown , a neighbor ,
orthodox to cnter-
and a straight-laced ,
taln Ir. Dallou. As the hostess and
her eminent guest sat at the supper ta.
ble there seemed to be a dearth of so-
ciablllty. Finally Mrs. D. , who always
felt solicitous about "those deluded
UnIversalists , " brol\O the silence wIth :
"Mr. Dallou , do you thlnlt you'v
got religion ? "
"None to boast ot , madam , " was the
curt reply.
It Is needless to say that the learned
divine's epigrammatic answer completely -
pletely disarmed his interlocutor.
. Not "Mike" Donahue's Picture.
Col. " 1\111to" Donahuo or the Tenth
New Hamllshlre was somewhat fond
of drink. After the war , the Tenth ,
wIshing his IJlcture , commIssioned an
. artist to do the job. After the paInt.
Ing was finlsheQ , the artist , seeing ono
of the veterans of the Tenth , an Irish.
man , called him In to ask his opinion
ot the picture.
L The old lrishmnn walke.l up to the
I . easel , scrutinized the picture , and was
about to put his hand 011 the cunvas ,
. , vhen the artist crIed out : "Don't
, touch It ! Don't touch it ! It's not
- . "Not dhryl Not o'lryl" shouted
Plt. : "Then , bo : , abers , It's not : Mike
Donakuo. "
fioo nnd some of them sent to a -
tory grave. wa-I
1o'lshlng is done from small bents , or ,
dorlos , of which each , saUlng vessel
carries eight or a dozen. Each dor '
is manned by two fishermen.
It is from lh SO llttle craft , fraIl
enough at best , but hellJless In the
Ice' , . that most of the fishennen are
Crowding on sail , the schooner may
escape trom the threatening mass , but
the dories caught in It are in a desperate -
perato plight.
TJlO men ma ' crawl upon U10 moving -
ing Ice , but that docs not alwa 's mean
snfety. Berne swiftly on the south-
lJound current , they are often carried
far beyond .tho reach or hellJ. When
their schooners finally snil hnclt into
Glouccstor , flngs nro at halt mast amI
moro names are added to the list of
the sen's victims , to bo read at the
next an11111\1 memorial sorvlces.
Often fnr south or the fishIng banltB
will bo aeon mute evidences or a tragedy -
edy upon some flonl111 ; cnlto at Ico. It
may be II. lot of seamen's gear , a few
tin cans , porhalJS , or even a dory , but
no sign of lICe.
The sight of a. . vessel coming Into
harbor with her ensign at halt-mast is
nil too frequent rot Gloucester. And
many a fine craft salls jauntily away
to U10 North , never to be heard from
again. .
Overwhelmed by a 110e or borg , perhaps -
haps , or run down In a fog by a liner ,
the vessel va.nlshes . wIth all hands on
board , leaving not a trace ot the manner -
ner in which denUl overtook them.
A number ot vessels . lost by
draggIng their nnchors In a sudden
storm. One unmanageable craft
w1ll crash Into another , and the two ,
loclted In deadly embrace , may
plunge upon a Ullrd , and all go to U10
Fishermen always lteep theIr enrs
open for the sound ot an approaching
steamer. When the fog is so thick
that ono can scnrcely see the end ot
the bowsprit , there is especial danger -
ger from these steam.driven giants ,
with their sharp Iron bows that crush
down the IIttle wooden fishing vessels
as though it were a fioatlng llouse ot
For steamers do not nlways follow
the law and slow down during a tog.
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Necessity for Persistence.
Ma 'or Weaver ot Philadelphia was
the guest of honor at a dinner given
by A. J. Drexel llIddle. In the course
ot the dinner the reform ma'or saId :
"ThIs great cleansing movement
now at work in our city will only succeed -
ceed by beIng perslstenUy kept up.
We must not grow weary In well-
doing. Our enthusiasm must not cool.
Above all , we must not expect our
frIends to do the work. Wo must do
the worlt ourselves.
"A wIse old man said wisely to me
yesterday : 'Too many ot the reforms
I have seen remInd mo ot the way my
father used to weed the Idtchen gar.
den. Father would rush me into the
garden with him and weed 1IItO a mad.
man for about two minutes. "There , "
ho would say , "now you see how eas
It Is. " Then ho would go off and sit
down In the shade with hIs pipe and
the weeldy paper and leave me t. < J
Iteop at It 11.11 the afternoon. ' ' '
Unbrotherly Comment.
Chiet Baron O'Grady , a Dr1tlsh jur ,
1st , was a humorist of the first water
as the following stories w1l1 provo. One
day a brother judge , who owed hIs promotion -
motion rather to interest than tc
braIns , was hoastlng to O'Grady ot the
summary way in whIch ho disposed 01
matters In his court.
"I say to the fellows who are both ,
erlng mo with foolish arguments thai
thero's no use in wasting my lime
and their hreath , for that all thell
tallt only just goes In at one car and
out at the other. "
"And no wonder , " quietly answered
O'Grady , "seeing that thero's so Htth
I in between to stop It ! "
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Many II. fishing crow , sleeping lIouneS-
l ' in their 1)\1I11ts , have been awakened !
b ' the crash of collision , only to find
tbemselves berne downward beneath
the icy waters beroro they can reaeh'
the declt.
When dIsaster comes there Is le8s
chance of rescue in these Arctlo ro-
gJons than there would bo turther
south. The fisblng 11eots are widely ;
scattered , nnd few other vessels nro
In those seas , except un occasional
patrollng warsblp or ( \ clumsy whlllor
blown out ot her course.
Tlmo after limo dory fisbormen , .
separated trom theIr vessels by Ice
flees or during fogs , have managed -
ed to worlt their way tit the bloalc
L.'lbrndor coast. It Is then a toss-up
whoUler they can drng Ulemselve8 to
S0l110 station of human bolngs or must .
perish nlong the shore. '
Lines of dread or sorrow are deep.
ly graven \1pon the faces of the worn-
eu ot Gloucester. The girl who , In
her early twenties" marric8 a fishor-
mnn tnltes moro than an even chance
ot.Jelng \ widow in her thirties.
This terrible tnx1pon human liteS
has resulted In the cstabllshament ot
( \ memorial day.
Upon n certnin morning In mid-
wiuter children cast 110wers upon the
waters ot the harbor-ono 110wer tor
each victim ot the sea. . during the preceding -
ceding year. Then the fishermen and
tholr famllles gather in the city hall
for memorial services. The roll of
Ule dend Is called , prayers are said
and there are addrcses.
W11Y do men follow such a hazardous -
ous calling ? There are mouths ashore
to bo fed , and bread must bo got from
the sea.
Naturally U10 fishermen get better
wages than other sallors , having B
share In the proceeds ot the catch , as
11. general thing. Most ot thom are I
tairlY prosperous , owning theIr own
homes and possessing snug banle no-
No Gloucester fisherman ever salIlI
a.way . to the Northern banlts , however ,
wlth anythIng 111m nssurance that ho
w111 see his homo agaIn.
In the truest sense they are "men
unn.frahl , " an(1 tholr very daring casts
a halo ot romance ahout the Icy death
traps of the Arctic seas.-Montreal
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Tried It on the Horae.
A bos ) plasterer , approaching a bulld-
Ing In course ot construction ono hot
day last summer , mot one ot h18 laborers
borers wIth a Un pall.
"Where are you going , Roonoy ? " he
"I'm going for a can ot beer , sir , na
it's a hot day , aud we are 1111 thIrsty
on the job , " replied Rooney.
"Thnt Is not necessary. It you
would put a pebble in your mouth you
would never be thIrsty. "
The next day the boss came to the
building In a buggy. SeeIng Rooney ,
ho ordered him to water the horse and
went into the buildIng. When he came
loUt he aslted :
"Roonoy , did you gIve that horse a
drink ? "
"Sure , he don't need a drink , Ill' : I
put a handful ot pebbles In hIs.
I mouth , " replied Rooney.
His Greatest Loss.
John D. CrimmIns tells of a party
that hired a boat owned by a man at
Atlantic City who tales ; : out salUng
, lIartIes 1'or a consIderation. Anum-
, her of 'oung ladles were ot the party ,
About a m110 and a halt out from
the Inlet the wind freshened most un-
oxpctedly and there was troublo.
1.01' a while it loolted as it the dink -
little catboat would capsIze. The
irl were considerably wrought up
and gave expression to their tears in
no uncertaIn manner
"See here , young ladieJ : , said the
owner ot the craft , just as ono of the
passengers let out an awtul shriel\ ,
"you seem to forget that it sl10 goes
tJown I'm the chap that loses most.
Sho'll my bo.d.-New York Times.