Custer County Republican. (Broken Bow, Neb.) 1882-1921, August 30, 1900, Image 9

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    A Story Illustrating
the Horrors
of War
CHAPTER IX. ( Continued. )
"Ho Is living yet , thank God ! " said
the colonel. And ho thought of his
Bister , who , after much pleading and
resolution , had , along with Dr. Mar
garet Crawford , come as far as Ber
ber. "We must send him hack to Ber
ber , " said the colonel. "We are on
the march almost Incessantly now , and
ho cannot live unless ho Is properly
attended to. We shall send him there
nt once. "
And so , under an 'escort of Arab
"boys , " Cleland was taken by river
and rail to Berber , the "Queen of the
Soudan. "
Adrleuno and Margaret were there ,
the latter attending to a few sick sol
diers who had been left In the hospi
tal. The time was not up for her en
tering upon her duties , and she felt
that she could not leave the Soudan
until she learned whether Paul was
Jiving or dead.
Adrienne had told her all Rayburn'a
dying confession , and now , when prob
ably It .was too late , Margaret recog
nized the fact that the barrier she
had thought Insurmountable was 110
barrier after all.
As Margaret was stooping over a
sick man one day , one of the native
attendants came to tell her Mrs.
Breynton wished to see her. Margaret
wont to the door , and at first sight
of Adrlenne's face she grew pale as
f death , and leant for support against
M the doorway.
k "Tell me you have heard that he Is
dead ? " she gasped , rather than spoke.
"No , my dear. " Adrienne passed her
brave , unshrinking hand round the
woman Paul loved and supported her
with It.
"Ho has been found , he is coming
here ; but he Is ill , unconscious , Mar
garet. Still , God may be merciful , and
wo shall pray until He must hoar us ,
Margaret. "
Margaret lifted her pale face , glow
ing with a strange joy , and clasped
her hands.
"I shall nurse him , at least , " she
whispered. "Oh , thank God ! "
* * # * *
And she did , until the ebbing llfo
began very slowly , but quite percep
tibly to flow again.
It was ono evening ah , should Mar
garet ever forget It as long as she
lived ? while she sat beside him on
her camp-stool , looking through the
open window at the brilliant moon
light making a pool ot light for itself
on the brown sand of the desert , that
Cleland , quite suddenly and quietly ,
Is if ho were awakening from sleep ,
opened his eyes and looked at her.
"Margaret , Is that you ? I dreamt
you were there. My darling , are we
both dead , and is this my first awak
ening on the other side ? "
"No , no , Paul ! You are still on
earth , thank God , and 1 am here be
side you , never more to leave you
now , If you wish It so , dear , for the
barrier is gone for over. "
A strange flash came Into the sick
man's eyes , but for a moment he was
At last he spoke.
"I do not know If I am still dream
ing or If I have heard aright. Mar
garet , say it again , and I shall be sat
isfled. You are mine for ever now ? "
"For ever , Paul , if you will have
me , " she answered , with a sob in her
He drew her face to his , and then
their lips met In one long , long kiss
such a kiss as surely those who have
loved each other on earth may give
when they meet for the first time "be
yond the bourne of time and space. "
Presently Adrienne came In. She
approached the bedside , and as she
came near she paused , a strange ex
pression on her lips and in her eyes ;
for she saw then that happiness had
come to Paul and Margaret at last.
Paul saw her and smiled , holding
out his weak , thin hand.
"You , too , my friend ! Surely I am
recompensed for all I have suffered
by knowing that I have the friend
ship of ono noble woman and the lovb
of another. Yes , it Is true , Mrs. Breyn
ton. Margaret and I are quite happy ,
and wo owe our happiness she has told
me , to a largo extent to you. "
"And bless you both , " said Adrienne.
She held his hand in her own. and
w then , turning to Margaret , kissed her
* with brave unquiverlng lips.
( The End. )
A A > V A-A.
V V V v W " < W V 9
I had vowed never to enter the Dor
mers' house again ; but when they sent
word that Malslo was dying I went
there as fast as a hansom would carry
me. Wo had always been such friends
the child and I.
But she was not a
child now , nt seventeen.
"Wo never quarreled , " she said ,
holding my hand tightly. "There is
not much time to quarrel now You
won't will you , Fred ? " I shook my
head. A lump In my throat kept mo
from speaking. "Promise me before I
toll you something. "
"My poor llttlo Malsle ! " I cried
brokenly. "I promise. " She had been
a pet of mlno from the days when she
was a toddling baby and I a big , awk
ward boy.
"It Is about you and Lucy when
you quarreled. " Shi stopped abruptly.
"Yes ? " Lucy was her elder sister.
Wo had been engaged.
"You wrote her an explanation a
satisfactory explanation. "
"Apparently ? he did not think so.
She never answered the letter that I
gave you to deliver. "
"I I kept it. " She burled her face
In the pillow. I was too astonished
for words , but I kept stroking her
hair. "I read It first. Then I burned
It. "
"If you get well. May , " I said , "and
grow up I shall like you better than
everybody. " She laughed faintly. "I
bcllevo I always did. " I wiped her
"I sha'n't. " she said. "So you will
like her again now , won't you ? " 1
hesitated. My affection for Lucy died
a natural death. It had never been
very deep ; neither , I fancied , had hers
for me.
I frowned. "You have not told her
about the letter ? " She shook her
"But you will be good to her ? You
will make It up , won't you ? You need
not tell her about mo only say that
you are sorry and want to bo friends.
Then you can be engaged again ; and
and some day " Her lips quiv
"Marry her ? " She nodded. "But if
I no longer care for her ? If I know
that I can never love her as I could
love ? My dear llttlo playfellow and
friend , I am not half so fond of Lucy
as I am of you. "
"Ah ! " she looked at mo with big ,
deep eyes. "I am only a child , denr
Fred. " The wistful affection In the
child's face touched me to the heart ,
and I kissed her frail hands.
Lucy met me at the bottom of the
"Maisie told me that she never gave
you the letter , Lucy ; that all the
blame was hers. "
"She told you that just to screen
me , " she said , brokenly.
"Do not trouble about it any more , "
I do not care for you after all. "
There was nothing moro to say. So
I turned to go ; but there was a knock
nt the front door and I heard some one
say , "Tho doctor. " So I waited to hear
what ho pronounced.
After a few minutes he came down
the stairs talking to Mrs. Dormer.
"It Is a natural sleep , " ho said. "The
pulse Is steadier and the temperature
more normal. The odds are still'
against her , but there is hope. "
The tears came to my eyes at last ,
and Lucy came1 and put her hand on
my shoulder.
"You can win her back to life ,
Fred , " she said , "our little girl. Stay
till she wakes. " I luJ already resolved
to stay.
I went upstairs and sat with my el
bow on her bed and my face on my
hand , watching my little favorite.
Presently her mother came and knelt
beside me.
"Lucy has told me all , Fred , " she
whispered. "You you will not tell the
others ? "
"I will not , " I promised.
When my little girl awoke she was
not looking toward mo.
"Better dear ? " askel her mother.
"Why yes , " she laughed feebly. "It
must be Fred. Do you know , I believt ;
ho would make me grow well if he
were often hero with me. "
"He will be , little sweetheart , " I said
softly. She turned to me with a happy
cry , and I whispered in her car what I
knew , and other things that were only
for her and me. They wore the things
that won her back to life , she says ,
when wo talk of such matters. Chicago
cage American.
Itohrrt or George.
The legitimist Jacobite league of
Great Britain and Ireland , through
Registrar Rodwaye of tlie North Am
erican Cycle of the Order of the White
Rose , Roxbury , Mass. , has Issued a cir
cular to the faithful , asking , "Who has
the best right" ( as heir to the British
throne ) , "Robert or George ? " "Robert"
is the son of Princess Mary Thetesa of
Modena. now the Princess Louise of
Bavaria , who is styled by the legitim
ists Mary IV. ( of Scotland ) aid HI.
( of England ) , whose descent frum the
male line of the Stuarts Is undeniable ,
but whose ancestral ' claims to the
throne were set asielo by the act of
succession that excluded Catholics
from the crown. "George" Is the duke
of York , so that It Is evident that "the
legitimist Jacobite league" admits
Queen Victoria and the prince of
Grcnlc Doluiilnx'liin.
A Greek dekadrachm , or medallion
of Syracuse , dating from 405 , B. C. ,
sold for $ GG5 nt a sale of rare antique
coins in London the other day. An
American eagle , minted in the first
year of gold coinage in America , was
knocked down for $27. Rare Italian ,
French , and German coins brought
high prices.
To JiupKtlciito ( iun I'oftilern ,
Lord Raylelgh has been appointee !
by the British government chairman
of a committee which is to Investi
gate gunpowders and designs of guns
with which they may be used to the
best advantage.
Institute for the Blind at Nebraska Oity
Orippkil by Incompotenoy ,
In Trnnsurllnz the IIuslneM of thn lintl-
tuto The AiliitlnUtriitlnn Severely Ar
raigned nnil Openly linpeurhe l by
1'unlon Onicluln Themselves.
NEBRASKA CITY , Neb. , Aug. 27.
To the history of mismanagement ,
incompetenoy , party spoliation and po
litical preferment in the conduct of
state institutions under the fusion
administration , the Institute for the
Blind at Nebraska City furnishes an
unenviable chapter. This institution ,
like all the rest , has been made an
asylum for those of the fusion party
who by reason of party service have ,
in the eyes of th'e fusion lenders , mer
ited recognition to the extent of hav
ing ther names on the pay roll.
It Is a matter of common notoriety
that J. E. Harris , the present super
intendent , acquired this position
through a deal made on tlie floor ot
the convention , whereby he was to
step aside as candidate for lieutenant
governor and give way to Lieutenant
Governor Gilbert , a free silver repub
lican. His eligibility and fitness en
tered into the deal only as a second
ary consideration , notwithstanding
that the position carries with It a
great deal of responsibility. But Har
ris was in the way of a tripartite ar
rangement and to remove the ob
struction , the head of Superintendent
Jones went Into the basket and Harris
was given his position , which among
oilier things , carries with it n salary
of $1,800 a year and board and lodging.
At one period in his llfo Superintend
ent Harris was young and agile. That
was many years ago. Senility In its
irresistible pilgrimage has reclaimed
him from the paths of youth and has
bent his once tall and robust form to
its will. The elasticity of step has
disappeared , and the visitation of
time is indicated by n head white from
the frosts of many winters. Irre
spective of his mental qualifications ,
age and physical decrepitude com
bined to incapacitate him for duties
incident to the supcrintendency of
such an institution. Nor can It be
denied that age militates against Mr.
Harris.rlhe fact Is that he does not
teach at all , though the custom , as
well as the rule , has always ocen for
the superintendent to teach one or
more cf the branches
When asked why ho did not teach
Superintendent Ilairis frankly stated
that he was too old. Ho also stated
that before assuming the position ho
informed Governor Poyntor that lie
would not teach , yet despite this ho
was appointed.
Few business houses In Nebraska
could conduct their affairs along the
same line of this institute without In
the end going into bankruptcy. In the
first place , only about eighty blind
children arc in the Institution all told.
Strange and startling as it may scorn ,
it is nevertheless true , as attested by
vouchers on file in the auditor's ofllco ,
that the number of people on the pay
roll Is equaj to more than GO per cent
of the number of inmates. The June
vouchers show fifteen teachers and
thirty-two other employes ( see vouch
ers B43994 and B15997) ) . This docs not
include the superintendent and his
wife , nor the steward and his
wife , all of whom are on the pay roll ,
making in all a salary lUt of fifty-one
people. The story of this raid on the
treasury is fully recited by the nu
merous vouchers on file In the aud
itor's ofllce and the consequent deple
tion of the funds. The wife of the
superintendent has had her name on
the pay roll only a short time , and
the fact that It is there can bo re
garded only in the light of a testimon
ial to fusion persistency , which knows
no adversity in the attainment of pe
cuniary trlmuph.
The school has upwards of fifteen
teachers on the pay roll , at from $50
to $65 per month each. So far as the
pay roll is concerned , it reflects a most
prodigal spirit on the part of the ad
ministration , and strongly indicates
that the primary object of fusion
dominancy Is to gather In the loaves
and fishes. Apply the per capita ex
pense of education in this Institution
to nil other institutions of learning
In the state , making duo allowance for
the character of the Instruction , and
the state in a few short years would bo
debt-ridden from one end to the other.
The manner in which Superintend
ent Harris was appointed lias been
told. With slight mortification the
story might be applied to nearly all
the employes of the institution. In
nearly every appointment can be seen
traces of political spoliation. The
damage done as a result of this
reaches a limit that is incalculable.
Nor is it to bo presumed that there
have not been frequent changes with
out consequent demoralization. In
proof of this assertion all that needs
be cited Is excerpts from the official
report. In the biennial report of the
Institution under date of December 14 ,
1898 ( see page 318) ) , Mrs. Caroline Mc-
Taggert evidences her lack of knowl
edge of her d'lties by openly stating
In her report that : "My experience In
the work Is too limited to enable mete
to say with any great degree of cer
tainty what pupils may accomplish. "
W. B. Woods , another teacher , un
consciously throws the searchlight on
the ephemeracy of the tenure of
office In the name report by calling
attention to the fact that "an experi
ence of three months in teaching Eng
lish In a school for the blind , In ad
dition to a year's experience in tench-
ing other subjects , Is entirely too brief
to make 'any conclusions of much
value. "
And this is the history of state in
stitutions under fuslonlsm.
There Is such a mad scramble for
spoils and such little regard for the
public weal that scarcely Is ono it/-
polnlco Inducted Into office than lu > it/
put out to make room for nnothor.
This keeps the Institutions In con
stant restlessness and turmoil , keeps
them In the hands of Inexperienced In-
dviduils , with the result that those
for whom those Institutions are main
tained derive little or no benefit. Since
the fuslonlsts acquired control , two
different superintendents have been
appointed at Nebraska" City and nu
merous changes have been made In the
list of teachers. In each instance , or
nearly so , the change has been made
for political reasons.
Under such conditions la It any
wonder that the teachers do not feel
fully qualified to give an opinion an
the best methods In teaching the blind ,
or that the Institution Itself should
In Its achievements fall far short of
meeting eontcmulated statutory re
quirements ?
The man with a "pull" Is very much
In evidence nt Nebraska City. It was
11 "pull" that placed Frank Marnell
on the pay roll ns steward at $800 per
yc-M- , along with his wlfo at $180 per
year. Marnell Is so fortunate as to
have a brother In the newspaper busi
ness. He publishes a fusion dally at
Nebraska City. This Is why ho was
doomed fitted for steward. Nor does
the Marnell family stop at that. The
Nebraska City News boasts of too po
tent a leverage in the affairs of the
fusion party to be placated or pacified
by a stewardship. It not only boasts
but it commands , and It therefore re
ceives more substantial recognition
than is ordinarily accorded fusion nub-
llcatlons. Filed away in the archives
of tinauditor's office are voucl-ers
bearing testimony to the frequent ex
peditions of the publisher of the News
across the plains from Nebraska City
to the treasury at Lincoln. Mos ! of
the money is for job work , work given
the News , it is reported , at its own
figures and without competition.
Within the last year the News has
managed to gather in about $200 of
the state's money without much exer
tion and at very lltle cost to Itself.
( Sen vouchers U31302. 1135576. B35S99 ,
H37001 , IJ4140J , B433SS and 1140205. )
Others besides the News people are
keeping in close and sympathetic touch
with the treasury. It is a noticeable
fact that the books contain the firm
name of Cardwell & Loldlgh , though
the same Mr. Cardwell is the presi
dent of the Board of Trustees of the
Institution. Though Cardwell &
Leidigh are in tiie hardware business
the firm's name Is found as creditor
in the "living expense" account of the
It is a strange anomaly that , which
places tlie employe in a position to
"order and direct" his employer. It
would also be strangely anomalous
were the system prevalent over the
land for an oiucial to be his own
auditor or account examiner. But
hero is an example of it :
"Tills voucher is hereby approved
by tlie Board of Trustees this 4th
day of May , 1900. and the Audltot of
Public Accounts is hereby ordered and
directed to draw hl warrant for the
sum of $23.35 In full payment and
satisfaction of the tame , and this
claim is found to be correct and ap
proved in all things.
"President Boaicl of Trustees. "
The voucher nbovo referred to was
for tlie firm , of which Card well Is a
member , for poods sold to the st-ite.
( See voucher IJI5131. ) This firm's
name appears on the books in several
Instances , as having sold goods to the
institute. In addition to this it is
c'unently reported that some of those
contractors who have from time to
time secured contracts for building
and repairing have been for some un-
necountable icasou partial to this firm
in placing their orders foi < material
During the last year the amount of
building and repair work has readied
over $5,000 , but , as all the vouchers
are made in omnibus form and in the
name ) of tlie contractor , there is notli
ing of record to show just who or what
firm came in for the plunder.
The omnibus system of making out
vouchers has become notorious under
the present administration. That It
opens nn avenue to the commission
of fraud few will gainsay. It is a
conunon occurrence to find vouchers
for largo amounts made out in the
very Indefinite terms of "for labor
and material , " without specifying how
much of either. These terms are em
ployed as frequently In rendering bills
where there is no contract as whore
there is. In the last year a barn
costing about $150 was built without
advertising for bids , and that the st-ite
paid dearly for the luxury is quite
apparent. A running track and bowl
ing olley was built in the gymnasium
at a cost of $900 , and the voucher
reads : "For material , $500 ; labor ,
$100. " There is nothing In the vouch
er to show specifically how much ma
terlal or how much labor the state
As a rule , the methods employed In
the conduct of the institute , are equal
ly as vulnerable. The manner in
which bills arc made out affords an
opportunity for a vast amount of
fraud. It Is safe to say that there
is scarcely nn article in the grocery
line , but what there arc several grades
of It. In many Instances , especially In
canned and bottled goods , there is not
only a difference In quality but a dif
ference In quantity. The bills ren
dered the institute in no way recog
nizes this very important distinction.
If a bill be rendered for bottled goods ,
Biich as catsup or table sauces , it sim
ply gives the number of botlej , never
mentions the brand , which in the groc
ery Hue IB a synonym of quality , and
pclclom gives the size of the bottle or
quantity. This course may bo pur
sued without an object , but It can be
seen at once that it affords nn oppor
tunity for fraud , both in letting con
tracts to favorites and in charging
for goods never delivered. No one
bcems to question the honesty of Su
perintendent Harris or of Steward
Marnell. What complaint Is made is
made against the Board of Trustees
and the governor for placing and
maintaining people in office to manage
the affairs of a state institution who
have little or no conception of their
duty or of ordinary business methods.
Superintendent Harris undertakes
to manage the school and the "farm"
at the same time , with the result that
neither Is properly managed. The
"farm" Is a ten-ncro piece of ground ,
and Is little more than a play yard.
jot Superintendent Harris manages
to niuko It a luxury and an expensive
ono to the taxpayers. With only three
horses , a half dozen hogH and four
cows to look after there are several
"form laborers" at the Institute whoso
duty It Is to rare for the stock ( ? )
and attend the "crops. " Quarters
could bo secured for all the stock on
the "farm" at the beat hotel In the
state for loss money than IB expended
for tholr keeping at the institute. As
a patron of husbandry , so far ns profits
to the stale are concerned , Mr. Harris
Is anything but a brilliant success.
And there are leaks In the Inst'tu- '
tlon as well as in the "farm. " Irre
spective of the largo pay roll , there are
leaks that In the long run make a
noticeable increase In the cost of main
taining the nohool.
One of these leaks Is the department
of chemistry. Another Is In the teach
ing of zoology , botany , biology and
mineralogy. Considerable money has1
been consumed by the department of
chemistry , though few familiar with
that branch of study who would rec
ognize at once the necessity of light
would think of placing chemistry In
the curriculum of the blind. ReviewIng - *
Ing this very problem , Prof. McTag-
gart of the department of science and
mathematics of the Institute , In hla
biennial report to the superintendent
( In 1898. page 329) says :
"In the study of chemistry , biology
and mineralogy the nicest discrimina
tions and most accurate measurements
must bo made , ' Involving the use of
Instruments requiring sight. No ade
quate knowledge of zoology or botany
can be had without the use of the dis
secting knife and mlcroscono. In
chemistry , analytical and qualitative
determinations require the most -.lofi-
nlte and complicated proteases which
cannot bo curried on by persons who
have lost their sight. This statement
Is so nearly self evident that It hardly
needs to bo made. "
In the face of this , however , a de
partment of chemistry la maintained ,
though only to the extent of purchas
ing the necessary Instruments and ma
terial. None of the expense Is re
moved , though the teaching of this
and kindred sciences has practically
been abandoned. Only recently an
order for $50 worth of material for
this department was given , though It
Is apparent , for the foregoing reason ,
that it is a clear waste of money.
Nothing goes farther In evidencing
decrepitude and inactivity on the part
of the management than the general
appearance of the Institute. The walls
and lloors nt the close of school this
summer wore very filthy , and It ib a
icniarkablc stroke of fortune that sick
ness has not wrought cad havoc among
the inmates. According to reports , the
buildings have , hyglenlcally speaking
never been kept properly regulated
since1 the fuslonlsts have had charge.
In bad condition as they are now ,
according to Superintendent Harris ,
things wore much worse when ho was
appointed and took charge ono year
ago. Speaking of the condition of
tilings at that time Superintendent
Harris said :
"It waa a most terrible sight. The
buildings wore fairly nllvo with bed
bugs. After wo cnmo hero my wife
and I worked for si : : months before
o Unnlly got rid of tlio bod-bugs.
The bugs wore In every room , in the
beds and paper on the walla , and even
the rooms occupied by the superintend
ent and his family were alive with
them. It was the worst sight I ever
behold. "
Tills Is what one fusion official says
of the management of another fusion
official. Assuming that Superintend
ent Harris found , the building in the
condition stated ho has made some im
provements , yet there In wldo room for
further improvements along the line
of cleanliness , and If additional steps
In that direction arc not taken dloonso
and pestilence may result at any time.
It Is no doubt true that Superintend
ent Harris has waged a successful
warfare against the apterous tro.ipas-
sers which lie found inhabiting the
bedding and furniture of the institute
when ho took charge , but there Is yet
an ample opportunity afforded him
for dUtlngulshmcnt In other direc
tions. On the whole , there Is room for
many beneficial changes at this Insti
tute , both In the way of stopping
raids on the treasury and Improving
the faculty. Under fusion control
grades In this Institution exist only
in theory and not In practice , and the
pupil graduates much In the way a
stonn rolls down hill picking out its
own way without any well defined
route or limitation as to time. Prop
erly managed , the Institute can bo
maintained at much less expense and
to much greater advantage. So long ,
however , aa positions in this and other
institutions are given out In liquida
tion of political debts the theory of
reform , so conspicuously pictured by
the fusion leaders , becomes at once a
ludicrous Incongruity. When Superin
tendent Harris was asked why he did
not grade the school he said :
"I would like to , but you know on1) )
term of office Is so Indefinite that ono
hardly knows what to do. If I felt
secure in my position for any material
length of time I would do so. "
This is the whole story In a few
words. Under fuslonism frequent
changes have demoralized the Insti
tutions , and time which should be de
voted to the good of the instiutlon
Is spent In contriving plans to Keep
the official head beyond reach of the
The Trap " \Vorlseil. "
For some time Isaac Mulford , a far
mer living near Brldgeton , N. J. , has
been missing chickens , so ho sat a man
trap without letting tlie family know.
His son , Alfred , stayed out late the )
other evening , and , while slipping up
to the house , was caught In the trap.
Feailng a dressing down from his
father for staying out BO late the
young man stayed there all night.
His martyrdom was In vain , for the
first person to sec him next morning
was his father.
Hopeful UK to Iti-NiilU.
William , the Georgia bankers , and
his party of cashiers and pretty girls ,
left New York for the south the ludt
of the week. There have been no
marriages aa the result of tlie trip , al
though It la understood that matri
mony was one of the objects of the
junket. There Is the consolation of
knowing that seven engagements have
been made , however , and doubtless
the weddings will take place In GCOA-
u'ln in due time.
Preparation is Being Made for a Stay All
Next Winter ,
Alinciioo of KrHpniMlhln Govoriinimil lit
IVklu Ulven in IlriiHon CotiKcr tto-
txirti Clinotlo Coiiilltlun Clilnota
C i > llul Is rructlcnlly In llnndi of Allies.
WASHINGTON , Aug. 23. After a
long conference at the White House
the reply of the United States to the
application of LI Hung Chang for the
npponltmcnt of pcaua commissioners
waa completed and a copy of the reply
sent to the Chinese Minister , Mr , Wu
to bo forwarded to Earl Li. The state
department made a definite announce
ment that the reply had been convoyed
to Mr. Wu , but added to Its otllclal ut
terances that the correspondence
would not bo made public until tomor
row morning. A copy of the reply waa
sent to other governments represented
In China.
The American reply Is chiefly char
acterized by Its firm tone and Ua brev
ity. Its keynote IB the president's nt-
tltudo ns laid down In the American
note of July 3 , and there Is the utrlct-
est adherence to the points enunciated
nt that timo. While the document la
open to the construction of being a re
jection of LI Hung Chang's proposi
tion for Immediate negotiations , yet It
Is stated by those who have read the
answer with care and have had a part
In its preparation that "rejection" la
probably too strong a term to apply to
it. The United States places Itself In
the position of being ready nt the
proper time to take up peace negotia
tions , but In the present unsettled con
dition of affairs In the empire , the lack
of knowledge as to who arc the re
sponsible rulers and what constitutes
the actual Chinese government , It la
made clear that the time has not ar
rived for pursuing the negotiation
proposed. The formal courtesy of di
plomatic procedure Is preserved , but
at the same time the entire tenor of
the document Is marked by force and
firmness. The government of the
United States takes the position that
negotiations are Impossible with a gov
ernment which cannot prevent hostil
ities against the forces of the powers
which were sent to the Chinese capital
to eave the envoys. As long as at-
tacka are made on , the troops of this
and other governments , such ns have
followed the occupation of Pckln , and
the attacks in the vicinity Of Tien Tsln
It Is deemed that the Chinese govern
ment is either unwilling or unnblo to
prevent these hostilities , and for thlB
reason negotiations must bo tlcrcrrea.
The most Important development of
the day as to the actual conditions In
Pekin cnmo late in the afternoon ,
wheu the stito department made pub
lic a dispatch from Minister Conger ,
dated at Pckln only three dnya ago. It
was given out with the following state
ment ;
"The state department authorizes
the announcement of the receipt at an
early hour this ( Wednesday ) morning
through the consul at Cho Fee of a
telegram from Minister Conger In the
department cipher to the following ef
fect :
"PEKIN , Aug. 19. Secretary of
State , Washington : The entire city
with the exception of the imperial pal
ace la occupied by Japanese , Russian ,
British , Americana and French. " It is
being apportioned Into districts for po
lice supervision. The Chinese army
fled. The Imperial family and the court
have gone westward , probably to Sinn
Fu , in the province of SJiensl. No rep-
rcHcntatlvcs of the Chinese government
are in sight in Pokln and the condi
tions arc chaotic. The iialaco Is ex
pected to be taken Immediately. Many
mlssionarlea have started for home ,
while others remain in charge of the
Christian rofugcss , numbering about
1,000. CONGER. "
Leitvm Kutiito to Wife Who U to Ho
Boln r.xoctitrlx.
ATCHISON , Kan. , Aug. 23. The
will of the late Senator John J. In-
galla , filed In probate court today , la
aa follows :
"Vice President's Chamber , Wash
ington In the name of God , Amen : I ,
John J. Ingalls , of the city and county
of Atchlson , in the state ot Kansas ,
mindful of , the uncertainty of life and
the certainty of death , do make pub
lic and declare my last will and testa
ment. I give , bequeath and devise
unto my beloved wlfo , Anna Louise , all
my property and estate , real , personal
and mixed of every description , and
wherever situated , and appoint her
solo executrix hereof , without bond ,
nurety or undertaking.
"In witness whereof I have here
unto set my hand and seal , In the pres
ence of the subscribing witnesses , who
signed the same In my presence and
In the presence ot each other , this
21th day of August , A. D. 1889.
"Witnesses :
" \V. R. CLAY. "
i'H Will.
NEW YORK , Aug. 23. It was lois
mally announced today that the will
of Colllis P. Huntington will bo filed
tomorrow or Friday. There wore sev
eral conferences at the Southern Pa
cific olllco today and It was believed
that the will would bo read to the
family this afternoon or evening.
Duello I'opnlnr In Itnly.
LONDON , Aug. 23. The Rome cor
respondent of the Dally Mall says :
"During the last few weeks duels
have caused a perfect slaughter In
Italy. As many ns four duelists wore
killed in different towns last Satur
"During the last year 2,400 duels
have been fought in Italy and 4SO
deaths have resulted. Most of these
combats were between army officers
and bar ed on the most trivial pre
texts. "