Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190?, August 26, 1898, Image 1

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General Merrltt Scitds in tin Of
ilclal ltcnort-Only City, Buy
nnd Harbor Surrenders Under
Washington D. C Special! This
cable dispatch has Just been glverrou't
ty tno war department; J-.-
"Onhlft nnw wnrlMnir fr thin nritnt
The dispatch was dated Manila and
Binned. Merrltt. There were no particu
lars to those given out at the war, de
partment, but it was construed to
mean either that messages had been
Bent through by means of picking up
the cable or that the repair boat Re
corder had arrived and put the cable
In working order.
Washington, D. C., Aug. 22. The
war department posted the following
cablegram from Genernl Merrltt giving
the termd of the capitulation of Man
ilas Hong Kong, Aug. 20, Adjutant Gen
eral, Washington: The following are
the terms of the capitulation:
"The undersigned, having been ap
pointed a committee to determine the
details of the capitulation of the city
and defenses of Manila and its suburbs"
and the Spanish forces stationed there
in, in accordance with agreement en
tered Into the previous day by Major
General Wesley Merrltt, United States
army, American comraander-ln-chlef In
the Philippines', and his excellency Don
Fermln Jardlnes, acting general-in-
chlef of the Spanish army in the Philip
pines, have agreed upon the following:
"First The Spanish troops, European
and native, capitulate with city and
defenses, with all honors of war, de
positing their arms in the places des
ignated by the authorities of the United
States and remaining in the quarters
designated and under the orders of
their ofllcers and subject to control of
the aforesaid United States authorities
until the conclusion of peace between
the two belligerent nations. All persons
Included in the capitulation remain at
liberty, the ofllcers remaining In their
respective homes, which shall be re
spected as long as they observe the reg
ulations prescribed for their govern-
ment and thcJawB.injtprte. r .
'Second-OfncerV'' shaUetalh their
side-arms, horses and private property.
Alf public houses and public property
of all kinds shall be turned over to the
'staff officers designated by the United
"Third Complate returns In duplicate
of men by organizations and full lists
of public property and stores shall be
rendered to the United States within
ten days from this date.
"Fourth All questions relating to the
repatriation of officers and men of the
Spanish forces and of their families
and of the expenses which said repatri
ation may occasion, shall be referred
to the government of the United States
at Washington. Spanish families may
leave Manila at any time convenient
to them, The return of the arms sur
rendered by the Spanish forces shall
take place when they evacuate the
city, or when the American army
"Fifth Officers and men Included In
the capitulation shall be supplied by the
United States, according to their rank,
with rations and necessary aid, as
though they were prisoners of war,
until the conclusion of a treaty of peace
between the United States and Spain.
All the funds In the Spanish treasury
and all other public funds shall be
turned over to the authorities of the
United States.
"Sixth This city, Its Inhabitants, its
churches and religious worship, its edu-
catlonal establishments and Its private
property of all descriptions are placed
under the safeguard of the faith and
honor of the American army.
, "F. W. GREENE,
"Brigadier General of Volunteers.Unlted
States Army,
"Captain, United States Navy.
"Lieutenant Colonel and Inspector Gen
eral. "E. II. BROWDER,
"Lieutenant Colonel and Judge Advo
"Auditor Gt-neral, Excts.
"Colonel de Ingineros.
i j.J'Felia de Estado Major,"
. " Spanish Spy Entertained.
Atlanta," Ga., Aug. 23. Joseph Cas
tellanoas, alias George Edouard Vander..
but. arrested at Tampa. Flnhr
' ' months ago as a Spanish spy?V,ana
since that time imprisoned at Fort Mc
pherson, was given his liberty, to-'
' gether with three other suspected.
The men quickly separated and
"Vanderbllt," clad In tha Cuban uni
form which he wore when -arrested,
came to town. Ills reception here was
so demonstrative that he was placed
in Central police station for safety,
whore his numerous wounds were
12nrngod Porto Iticans Aitor
, tho Dona.
Ponce, Porto Rico, Aug. 23. The
Porto RlcanB continue to bo turbulent,
and the rpugh element still makes
nightly attacks upon the Spanish
cafes. A crowd of roughs raided a
Spanish store on the Pkya, but the
mob was quickly dispersed by Colonel
Clousd, who went into the thick of the
crowd with a drawn revolver and ar
rested two of rioters. The crovda ar
easily handled, and no damago of any
jt$L has been done hero.
:i5fnia'now-B'b,Kner. La Estrclla Solltarla.
has been, suppressed for publishing an
article calling upon Porto Rlcans to
avenge themselves. There 1b danger of
more trouble in tho country districts.
Twenty-nlno houses of tho town of
Coto were burned by Porto Ricans. Two
other houses were torn idown and the
bank and all of tho business houses
were loQted. Coto Is a small town nVe
miles from Ponce. Half of the popula
tion are Spanish and the stores belonged
'to. theni'.
Tho night watchman who w&b on
guard was held up at 5 o'clock in the
morning, by throe Porto RlcanB, who
pushed a revolver In his face and
threatened to kill him. Tho watchman
ran away and the men then lighted
torches and began to destroy property.
They chopped In doors, tore off and
smashed In bllndB and Anally Bet lire
to one block of the nnest buildings in
the town, owned by Spaniards and
containing all the business of tho
place. -
The native villagers vire terrorized
and at flrat Joined the assailants, who
began looting and burning buildings
and setting Are to others. A mule train
of the Nineteenth regular inianwy
came along the road while, the fire was
at Its height and was stopped by the
flames. The men of the train could
do nothing but look on while the mob,
every minute growing larger by acces
sions from tho native villagers, went
from house to house, destroying every
thing it could get hold of.
The Spanish residents fled to the
woods, though the mcb offered no harm
to their persons. Tho bank Btood in the
middle of the business block. The mob
attacked the building with pickaxes and
shovels nnd succeeded In smashing in
the vault, but they got very lit
tle cash. After rifling the vault of Us
contents theVmoJroet flrc-tonhe build
ing, the crowd cheering as the flames
rose in the air, end yelling "Death to
Spain!" "Death to the Spanish," etc.
When the disorder was at Its height
Major Parkhill of General Wllson'B staff
came along on his way from Ponce to
the front, and Lieutenant Lawton, with
thirty-one men of the Eighteenth In
fantry, also came up. They started
In with flxed bayonets and corraled
thlrty-threre of the rioters.
Only two of the mob were armed, but
they did not offer to shoot. The mem
bers of tho mob were good-natured.
They laughed at the soldiers and seemed
to think the whole affair a Joke.
The watchman was caught with the
rest. He said he knew two of the men
who started the riot, and under threat
of death he gave their names. The sol
diers are looking for them and have
captured a lot of suspects at Juana
Diaz. The town Is guarded by soldiers.
The houses which were burned were
all owned by Spaniards. The outrages
is one of a series that has taken place
since tho signing of the protocol.
The first was committed by Spaniards
In a little town in the western end
of the island, where a lot of Porto
Ricans were killed. The natives have
been looking for vengeance ever since
and reports have been received dally
from towns outlying Ponce of assaults
on Spanish persons and destruction of
their property by natives.
The military authorities are taking
hold now and will put a stop to the
violence, even if shooting is necessary.
The warships withdrawn from Ponce.
were the Terror, Puritan, Amphltrlte
and Wasp, which wont touanlca.
The others have gone to'Guantanam'd;
The reason for the ships going to
Guanlca is that the harbor there 1b
safe In case of a hurricane, while the
harbor at Ponce is not.
Carnival of Grime.
Little Rock, Ark., Aug. 23. The car
nival of crime Inaugurated In Arkansas
several weekB ago continues without
abatement. At Paragould, Henry L.
Bramlet was asleep In his bed when
an unknown assassin crept Into hl"
window and shot him, killing him In
stantly. There Is no clew,
A terrible cutting- affray In which
two prominent farmers figured, Is re
pprted from Carroll county. R, C.
Massey accused a neighbor named
Phillips of making derogatory remarks
concerning him. Tho men fought with
knives and Phillips was fatally
The decomposed body of a well
dressed man was found near Rlack-
vllle In Conway county. The head was
entirely Bevered from the body. The
body was identified and there is no
clew tp the murder.
Alvln Smith, a young farmer, was
found near Mount Pleasant suffering
from a fractured skull. He died with
out regaining consciousness.
Tho Horrlblo Tilings Tlioy I'rodfcted Four Yoafs Ago If tho
"Domo-Pops' wore Elected.
. I
I t
But tho Reform AdinlniHtratibu CatiHcH Every Oito pi tlicso l4HUsl
noss Men" Calamity llowleVs to Admit Tlioir FoolIslines.H.
Lincoln, Neb. Special. Four years
ago populism inNebraska was an esV
perltncnt in so far ns it concerned
state government In many countuw,
however, the forces of reform Ka"u
been In power for a nufllclently loht?
time to demonstrate their superiority
over tho republican party In all thai
pertains to good government; but in1!?
great many of the eastern counties ',
the state the republican habit had be
cdme almost chronic. For tho first
time in the history of populism in Ne
braska it had the loyal support of the
real' democratic party on a portion of
the state ticket; this was tho begin
ning of fusion. It had also the sup
port of a large contingent of tho bet
ter element In tho republican party for
governor only the republican nominee
being dUtnsteful to all patriotic re
publicans who knew his record. Tho
outlook for at least partial populist
success was bright.
Then It was that renegade democrats
joined hands with the lawless element
of the republican party and, forming
an nlleged society with the pretentious
title of "The Business Men's Association
of Nebraska," sent" out many hundred
.thousand, circuiarsvto -wtf real hubU
ness men throughout the state. In
view of what has occurred in statb
politics and Btate government since
1894, it Is Interesting at this time to
read that circular:
"The Business Men's Association of
Nebraska. Omaha, Oct. 18, 1894. Ne
braska's Prosperity Paramount to
Party Politics. To the Voters of Ne
braska: Four years ago prohibition
threatened the prosperity of Nebraska.
The business men of Omaha and the
state-, without regard to party, affilia
tion, then united in a determined effort
to ward off the danger, and, largely
through their efforts prohibition was
"Today Nebraska is threatened with
populist domination. As business men,
regardless of partisan politics, we
again unite to avert,' the blight and
jv businessdepresslon which the suprem
acy of populism would entail upon our
"Our character, reputation, credit and
business relations as a state arf deter
mined by our acts and conduct as 'a
body. If we collectively act !r accord
wlthi unsound or dishonest business
principles, if we favor repudiation of
our debts, or evidence a desire and
intention to legislate In unfair hos
tility toward our creditor, wo shall
receive, as we shall desene, the con
demnation of the business world. In
bucIi event all creditors would refuse
to make new loans and to extend the
time of.tho&e already made. Capital
would discontinue business relations
wlthfn our state. The development of
our resource, the growth of our in
dustries, the extension of our com
. merQlaf relations all will meet with
sudden and lasting check If once the
people of the state elect the populist
ttcttet and thus show themselves In
Byinpim,y'wUh the desperate and dis
credited doctrines of those who openly
avow themselvqa the enemies of cap
ital, (
"On next election day the citizens of
Nebraska will stand at the parting of
the ways. Our acts will thon manifest
our disposition in respect to our busi
i ,, .
- "MEN'S ClltCUMlt.
who mtho business world lias no con
fidence, and favor the unsound, radical
and unsafe theories of the populists,
we thereby drivo from the atnto tho
foreign capital now here, and dqtor
all from further Investments among us,
"To'dect tho populist ticket Is to dis
credit Nebraska in the eyes of tho
Svtyrld.Jtd pr,oplalm that those who!
ouast ui (.neu- nosiiuiy lo.capuoi arcin
the majority In our commonwealth; It
Is to discourage enterprlso; to suspend
our progress; to cause a heavy shrink
age of values; to ralso our rates of In
terest; to make long time loans difficult
or Impossible to obtain; to make the
name of our Btatc a, byword of re
proach, and to ylc with Kansas and
Colorado for tho humiliation of being
the most discredited state In the Union.
"To provent euch misfortune, Xo
arouse among tho voters of this state
bucIi an active, honest public sentiment
as will, (hiding Its expression' through
I the ballot, preclude tho possibility of
populist supremacy In Nebraska, this
association has beep formed. The per
sonality of caridldates on riot controll
ing whe tho JsbUq is between honest,
economic principles on ono Bide, and,
;-v. - (From "World-Herald,)
ness obligations. Wqthen enrollour
selvea either In favor of sound business
principles Or In opposition thereto. By
our votes on that day wc indicate to
the business world our character as a
Btate, and our reputation will bo made
or marred according' to the wisdom or
folly of our choice.
"The importance of the situation can
not be overestimated. Throughout tha
business centers of our country the
action of our state will be closely
watched. If we elect state ofllcers In
on the other, doctrines repudiated by
tho commercial world.
"The business men of Nebrarska
through this association, call upon Its
citizens to aid in this endeavor to de
feat populism, and thereby uphold and
preserve the credit of our Btate." .
Following the signature to this circu
lar are the names of several hundred
prominent men of Omaha, republican
politicians and office holders of Doug
las county and Omaha. One of the
signers is today serving a long sen
tence In the NebraBka penitentiary for
applying too Jwdely his "sound" busl
ness principles, not "repudiated by the.
commercial world."
Notwithstanding this united and de
termined effort to defeat the populist
ticket, Judge Holcornb was elected by
a comfortable majority over his blue
shlrted opponent. Had Governor Hol
cornb been defeated In 1894 It is prpb
able that the lying statements of the
circular obovo quoted might hover have
been rebutted.
In IMG, the democrats, thoroughly
purged of their "assistant republican"
element, standing upon a national plat,
form so nearly popullstlc that none but
a populist could detect the difference,
Joined hands with their populist breth
ren in a determine deffort to rid the
Btate of republican barnacles. Joined
with both wero republicans who could
not follow the gold standard wlll-o'-the-wisp
their party began following at St.
Louis that year. -
The Btate victory gained by the al
lied forces of reform and good gov-
L. "
doBlrv? to dof thai. They know that it
has caused "depression" In tho "bust
neBB" of lvjaslng school lands to pollt
leal republican pots and allowing the
rentals to go ncollocted; but tho real
biifllnetis men doNnot deprecate tho "dc-
presslon," becaus It means tighter
school taxes. It wassjiot tho reputation
of tho Btate which wan really In dan
ger, but tho reputation uf many n re
publican wns "at stake," ab later de
velopments have shown,
ParaphraBlng tho words of tho cir
cular, "To elect the populist ticket Is
to discredit the republican party in tho
oycB of tho world;" that wob true In
1894 and 189G; It is true today. In ono
eenso, Nebraska did barely escape be
IngjilBorpdlted In the eyes of the world
because of the election of the populist
tfeket. That election exposed repub
lican . corruptions extravagance, thiev
ery ana'inoAjnity'tcndmlnlate' gdod
government; and it was Only the splen.
did and lioneat character of tho populist
administration which averted the dan
ger. Some "entorpTlacs" have been dis
couraged. It Is not possible now to de
liver a stato Institution six carloads of
coal and collect pay for ten, as was
tho practice under republican admin
istration; but reputable coal dealers; do
not And their business "dlacouraged"
because Of that fact, Tho traffic In ell
vcr lnkstandB at $10 each, paper fast
eners by tho hundred thousand, ad
justable pOoket shears at $9 per dozen,
steel penB by tho hundred gross, and
red Ink,ln lots of two dozen quarts, An
other favorite republican method of
lotolng tho state, has been Injured un
der populist administration; but tho
ward, republican nomlneo for governor
brnmenTifl t6o recent' lo' be" forgotten. '
Conservative republican andtdemocrat
ls business men of Nebraska who in
1894 honestly believed in the statements
and predictions made in the quoted cir
cular, may now indulge in a quiet
laugh at their own credulity and And
much food for thought by reading It
over again carefully.
Just as In 1894, "Nebraska's Prosper
ity Is Paramount to Party Polttlca."
"Today Nebraska Is threatened with
populist domination," but business men
who do legitimate business are not
frightened. They do not fear the "blight
and business depression which the su
premacy of populism would entail upon
our Btate." They know that populism
has "blighted the business" of dis
counting state warrants; but those who
bid on supplies for state Institutions
know that every dollar in state war
rants they get In exchange for their
goods will net them over 100 cents.
They know It h "blighted tho busi
ness" of drawing state money of bogus
claims; but no honest business mah
real business men who jfay for theso
things through taxation will hardly
complain, No $12,000 "purchase of old
Cobbey statutes has been made by the
reform administration; yet the State
Journal company still lives to He about
populists and, democruts.
"Progress" in some lines has been
"suspended." Progressive robbery of
Insurance companies, under the guise
of. authority, and escape from punish
ment under the pretext of "no author
ity," has been "suspended." Progress
in stealing the heritage of tho school
children of Nebraska has also been
"suspended." But among the business
men of Nebraska are heard no mur
murlngs of discontent beoause of these
Voters of Nebraska, read the circu
lar over once more; ponder over the
statements; then look up the records
and see how the predictions of these
would-be prophets have been fulfilled.
You will be told similar things this fall,
And you will not be deceived again.
Tho "European lowor" will
Tako a Hand In tho Peaco Ko
jrotlatlons if Opportunity iH
Ollored Them.
Madrid, Aug. 23. It may bo of tho
highest lmportanco for the United
States government to define forthwith
Us intentions with regard to tho Philip
pine islands and tho ..Cuban debt. Those
are the questions Upon which Spain
and America seem certain to clash In
the Paris peapo commission, Disputing
OVer thbmf threatens to make tho ne
gotiations drag until Europe may seek
,to thrust (tself upon the contending
(.'peaccmakcro" as an arbitrator. The
Madrid government is hoping for great
things from disputation.
Mnny who are familiar with interna
tlonal affairs bellovo that If the govern
ment at Washington would state clearlr
In advance tho position It will tako
on those points, tho effect upon con
tlucntal countries, and llkewlso upon
Spain Itsolf. would bo highly boneflclal
to tho American cause. For Instance,
thoso persons says, Spain might re
consider its present intention to press
th6 Cuban debt upon tho Paris com
mission wore it known that tho Ameri
can members will bo instructed not to
discuss the subject. If the Americana,
ignore that debt, they argue, there will
be no way for Spain to shrink its pay
ment oxcept by defaulting or repudiat
ing it It Issued tho bonds, offering
Cuba an collateral without Cuba's con
Bent, got tho money and spent It. Tf
Spain loses tho security which was of
fered and accepted, it will be an affair
for Spain and tho bondholders to set
tle among themselves, unless America
takcB It up In tho negotiations.
Then Europe's chief interest In the
negotiations will feasibly diminish, cer
tain diplomats assert privately. If It la
made plain that tho Philippine islands
will not be on the market. As long as
the rivals for the control of the far
oast see a chanco for getting any or
all of thoso Islands by coercion, pur-
chaso or otherwise, they will employ
every means of obtaining the coveted
possessions, If America announces that
It means, to -see, .that the IbIbjkI shall
bo free, either under a reformed gov
ernment by Spain, an American pro
tectorate or otherwise, Europe, know
ing ones declare, will keep Its Angers
out of tho Are.
Retail Liquor Dealers.
Omaha, Aug. 22. Ono of the blggMt
crowds of liquor men ever gathered Jn
ono place is expected here at the na
tional congress of Retail Liquor Deal
ers, which is to meet in this city trasa.
August 22 to 27. These OBaembllngs of
liquor men in the paat have usually
been devoted almost wholly to having
a good time and tho same may be looked
for here, particularly as there ia tho
Trans-MisslsBlppi exposition for an at
traction. Threo days out of the bIx
are to be given over to the exposition.
The bringing of this convention here
was due to the active efforts of 'the
Omaha, delegates to tho convention of
last year.
General hospitality will constitute
the main feature in fact, about the
only feature of the first two days, wind
ing up with a reception by the Krug
Brewing company. The meeting proper
of tho convention will be held at
Creighton hall on August 24, at which
a few matters of trade Interest will be
discussed and the ofllcers elected for
the ensuing year. The next three days
will be spent at the exposition, varied
with entertainments by the Omaha
Brewing association, the Metz Bros.
Brewing company and the South Omaha
Brewing company.
Fiendish Crime.
Macon, Ga., Aug. 23. A special to the
Telegraph from Americus, Ga,, Bays:
The most fiendish crime In the history
of Sumter county or the whole state
was committed at Friendship, twelve
miles west of here, last night.
Mrs. James McGarry and her Bon,
James Boone, were murdered by a ne
gro with an ax while they were In their
beds. k
After this double murder the fiend
caught a negress, tied her to a tree
In the woods and mutilated her in a
"shocking manner. he died, but not
until she had told the murderer's name.
A crowd a once started after the
fiend. He was caught lato In the even
ing and promptly lynched.
On Lookout Mountain.
Chattanooga, Tenn., Aug. 23. Colonel
Bills was on Lookout Mountain look
ing for a camping place for the Second
Nebraska and Sixth United States vol
unteers. The' purpose Is to march tha
two regiments to the summit of the
mountain and camp them there for
several days. The men of the Second
Nebraska are dissatisfied at Camp
Thomas and want to move. The num-t
ber of Blok In the regiment is increas
ing rapidly.