Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190?, August 05, 1898, Image 1

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The Hemingford Herald.
Was a Powerful Factor In Many
Stirring Events of the Latter Half
the Nineteenth" Century Did
Much to Shape Germany's Policy
Berlin, July 30. Prince Blsmnrck
died shortly before 11 o'clock tonight.
He passed away peacefully.
Details of the death of Prlnrce Bls
mnrck are obtained with difficulty, be
cause of the lateness of the hour, the
Isolation of the castle and the strenu
ous endeavors of the attendants of the
family to prevent publicity being given
to what they consider private details.
The death of the ex-chancellor comes
as a surprise to all Europe. Despite
the family's denials, there was an un
dercurrent of apprehension when the
sinking of the prince was first an
nounced) Inspired more by what the
family left unsaid than by any informa
tion given. But when the dally bulletin
chronicled improvements in the prince's
condition, detailed his extensive bills
of fare and his devotion to his pipe,
anxiety was somewhat allayed.
The reports were deemed to be a
repetition of the alarm that Prince
Bismarck was in extremis, which had
been oft repeated In the-paM. All the
Saturday papers In Europe dismissed
Bismarck with a paragraph, nothing
important, while his condition was
completely overshadowed In the Eng
lish papers by the condition of the
Prince of Wales' knee.
It appears that the ex-chancellor's
death was not precipitated by sudden
complications, but was rather the cul
mination of chronic disease, neuralgia
and inflammation of the veins, which
kept him In constant pain, that was
borne with the Iron fortitude that might
have been expected.
The beginning of the end dates from
July 20, when the prince was confined
to his bed. He had been several days
prostrated before an Inkling of his
decline reached the world. On Friday
Dr. Schwelninger said: "For the past
nine days I have hardly changed my
clothes, having been traveling nearly
alUthe time between Berlin and Frled
rlchsruhe." He then declared that his patient's
lungs, stomach and kidneys were sound
In fact, that the whole gigantic
frame was sound. "As yet," said Dr.
Schweninger, "there is no calcification
of the blood vessels, but the pains In
his. face and legs worry him and short
en his sleep."
Dr. Schweninger added this verdict:
"With his extraordinary robust nature
he may, excluding complications, reach
During Dr. Schweninger's brief ab
sence from Frledrlchsruhe, Dr. Chry
sender was In constant attendance upon
the patient. Although Prince Bis
marck was extremely low on Wednes
day, he so rallied on Thursday that
he was wheeled to the dinner table to
celebrate with his assembled family the
flfty-flr3t anniversary of his wedding.
He never for a moment believed him
self in danger until the last day. On
Monday he ordered some new pipes and
smoked one on Thursday, then con
versed brilliantly on the topics of the
day, discussing the trial and sentence
of M. Zola and the peace negotiations
between the United States and Spain.
Count von Rantzau, the prince's son-in-law,
read to him from a newspaper
an ordinary notice of himself, at which
he was greatly amused. He perused
the newspaper dally and this was one
reason the family deprecated the
alarming reports as to his health.
Transports to be Hurried Back.
Washington, July 30. Orders have
been sent by the war department to
General Brooke, who, It is said, will
arrlvfe at Ponce probably tomorrow or
Monday, directing him to send back
the transports which conveyed the
troops of the Porto IMcan expedition as
soon as possible. The transports will
be returned to New York and will be
utilized at once for the sending of ad
ditional troops to Porto Rico. The
troops will be embarked at Newport
News probably, but the ships are to be
returned to New York because of the
quarantine regulations. The additional
troopB to be sent to Porto Rico will
go very likely from Chlckamauga and
will be such part of General Brooke's
corps as It Is deemed desirable to add
to the expedition already sent.
The simplest and perhaps the most
Impressive marriage ceremony is
that In use among the Cherokee Indi
ans. The man and woman Join hands
over a running stream, which Is sym
bolic of the desire that their lives
should thereafter flow on in the same
Word from General Shafter on tho
Washington, July 30. The war de
partment has received the following:
Santiago de Cuba, July 29. Hon. A.
A. Alger,' Secretary of War, Washing
ton: Have the Sun of Saturday, July
23, In which comments are made as to
my treatment of General Garcia. 1 de
sire to say that General Garcia was
Invited by me personally to go Into
the city of Santiago at the time 1 en
tered It, but he declined upon the
ground that the Spanish civil ofllclals
were left In power. It wbb fully ex
plained to him that those ofllclals were
continued In power until It was con
venient to change them for others. Gen
eral Garcla's assistance to me has been
purely voluntary on his part and he
was told at the beginning that I did not
have any control over him except such
as he chose to gave. The trouble with
General Garcia was that he expected
to be placed In command at this place
In other words, that we should turn
the city over to him. I explained to him
fully that we were at war with Spain
and that the question of Independence
could not be considered by me. Another
grievance was that finding that several
thousand men marched In without op
position from Garcia, 1 extended our
lines In front of him and closed up the
gap, as I saw that I had to depend on
my own men for effective Investment of
the place. SHAFTER.
The differences between General Shaf
ter and General Garcia are not regarded
by the war officials as serious, and lit
tle doubt Is expressed that they will
be amicably adjusted."
General Merrltt on Board the New
port Safe at Manila.
Manila, July 2C (via Hong Kong, July
30). The United States transport New.
port, with Major General Merrltt on
board, arrived here yesterday. All were
well on board.
General Merrltt assumed command of
the American forces Immediately after
he had reported to Admiral Dewey. He
has established headquarters at the
Cavlte arsenal.
The Newport was escorted to an an
chorage near the cruiser Charleston by
the gunboat Concord, the crews of the
vessels of the American fleet giving her
a rousing welcome.
At the close of his official visit to the
Olympia, Admiral Dewey's flagship,
General .Merrltt was officially recog
nized by a salute of thirteen guns.
Until he shall have received the re
ports of the officers who preceded him,
and familiarized himself with the sit
uation, General Merrltt cannot deter
mine as to his future course.
The remaining transports are expect
ed to arrive tomorrow. The fleet saw
nothing of the monitor Monterey and
the collier Brutus, and it is supposed
that the monitor Is coaling at Guam
The troops encamped at Paranajo
have not yet made a move, the condi
tion of the country between the camp
and the outskirts of the city being such
on account of the heavy rains that have
fallen, as to make it impossible to ad
vance. The Insurgents are still active,
but are accomplishing nothing.
Gen. Howard tells of Great Things
Accomplished by AmorlcanGeneral
Santiago, July 30. Shatter's accom
plishment, with naval co-operation, Is
marvelous from thts standpoint. The
work of Miss Barton and the Red CroBs
society generally Is excellent. Relief
is steady and abundant.
The alienation of Garcia and his Cu
bans Is true as stated In press dis
patches. Ofllclals and Red Cross peo
ple hope that any serious effects will
be overcome by our extraordinary re
lief to the Cuban families through Gen
eral Wood's industry and Miss Barton's
Sickness Increases. The sooner the
Spaniards and Spanish Influence are re
moved the better It will be for the
Cuban cause.
Interstate Reulon.
Superior, Neb., July 30. The Inter
state Reunion association of Nebraska
and Kansas has elected Hon. S. T.
Caldwell of Edgar, commander; Colonel
W. R. Roberts of Superior, senior vice
commander; Captain H. L. Browning
of Webber, Kan., junior vice comman
der; C. E. Adams, Jr., adjutant, and
Eli Vale, quartermaster. The next re
union will be held at the city of Su
perior September 15) to 24, inclusive. The
citizens of Superior have raised money
for the purpose. Many speakers of na
tional reputation have been secured.
"John," she said, "you ought to pun
ish that boy." "What's the matter with
him?" he asked. "He's altogether too
dictatorial," she replied. "He wants to
rule everything." "Oh, well," he said,
"let him enjoy himself while he may.
He'll marry some time and that'll end
it." Chicago Post.
Bradbury A German scientist saya
that women will some day have
Henderson I wonder If they'll sharp
Jar, as they do the carving knife now?
M.Qambon, tho French Ambassa
dor givon Extraordinary Power to
Act for the Spanish Government
U. S. Domands Agreed to.
Washington, July 30. Events of the
most momentous character occurred at
a conference at the White house be
tween the president, Ambassador Cam
bon of France and Secretary Day, car
rying the peace negotiations far beyond
the mere submission of terms of peace
by the United States, nnd reaching the
point of a preliminary basis of peace
between the government of Spain and
the government of the United States,
needing only the ratification of the
Madrid cabinet In what was done today
to bring the war to an end.
This was accomplished on the part
of Spain when Ambassador Cambon
presented to the president credentials
he had received fiom the Spanish gov
ernment appointing him envoy extraor
dinary and plenipotentiary, with com
plete Instructions as to the manner or
acting upon every one of the peace con
ditions presented by the United States,
Including the disposition of Cuba, Porto
Rico, the Philippines, the Ladrones, In
demnity, armistice and all other ques
tions likely to arise In the course of
the negotiations.
With these credentials, authorizing
him to speak as plenipotentiary for the
government of Spain, and with fulMn.
structlons on every point at Issue, Am
bassador Cambon, on behalf of Spain,
not only received the peace conditions
laid down by the American cabinet ear
lier In the day, but thereupon entered
upon their full discussion, with a view
to reaching a flnal and complete agree
ment. After a strong argument the presi
dent and Secretary Day consented to a
modification of the American terms In
one particular. What that modification
relates to Is not disclosed, but it Is be
lieved not to apply to the condition for
the absolute Independence of Cuba,
the cession of Porto Rico or the grant
ing of adequate coaling stations to the
United States In the Pacific or to di
minish In any vital particular the terms
on which peace will be restored.
The modification brought about prac
tical unanimity between the president
and Ambassador Cambon, as plenipo
tentiary for Spain, and Vhe latter has
now transmitted the results of the con
ference to Madrid for approval, which,
If given, will end the war.
The profoundly Important results de
veloped today came about most unex.
pectedly. Ambassador Cambon's call
was set for 2 o'clock, and It was ex
pected to last but a few minutes, while
the answer tit the United States wan
being handed to him. But since the
original proposition of Spain was pre.
sented last Tuesday, M. Cambon had
prepared himself to speak with author
ity on the questions which were to
arise. The president himself had re
ferred to this course, although outside
of himself and the ambassador few
were aware that the latter would come
ready to treat as the envoy of Spain.
The first instructions to M. Cambon
made him merely a medium of com
municating Spain's first note, but now
he appeared with all the attributes of
the direct diplomatic officer of Spain,
empowered to act for the government
within his very complete Instructions.
The meeting was held In the presi
dent's library, and In both the subjects
discussed and the Impressive manner In
which the argument proceeded It was
a conference destined to become mem
orable. After M. Cambon had presented his
credentials as plenipotentiary and they
had been examined and his status rec
ognized as the envoy of Spain, the first
business Was the prisentatlon of the
terms laid down by the United States
government. Secretary Day read the
terms, pausing at the end of each sen
tence to allow H. Thlebault, the first
secretary of the French embassy, to
Interpret It Into French, as the ambas
sador's knowledge of English is limited.
This reading by Secretary Day and In
terpreting by M. Thlebaut took about
fifteen minutes.
Then began the discussion point by
point. The president and the ambas
sador addressed each other directly,
with the greatest freedom and frank
ness, each stoutly maintaining the Jus
tice of his position on the several
P unts mvlved.
When at last, after an eloquent plea
by the ambassador, It was agreed to
modify the conditions In one particular,
Secretary Day withdrew for a half hour
and attended to drafting the modifica
tion. This accomplished, the ambassa
dor addressed himself to the president,
not so much as the advocate of Spain,
but personally, having with the presl
dent, man for man, a like Interest In
M. Cambon Is a man of fervid elo
quence, and he spoke with an Inten
sity of feeling which made a deep Im
pression on the president and the oth-
era present. Ho spoko In French, each
sentence being caught up nnd Inter
preted by M. Thlebault with rapidity,
eotlmt the earnestness of the ambas
sador's expression lost little by this In
direct method of communication. Tho
president spoke with equal frankness
and In tho lengthy discussion there
Was scarcely a point In tho whole ran'go
of the war which was not met and
freely considered.
What the modir -"-
been agreed upon
tured, but there B
that It relates eltl,' , '
actual hostilities i .mniii
else to tho extent m oar Interew
the Philippines, leaving uil nngid
condition that Spain shall withdraw
from Cuba and Porto Rico, grant tho
United StateB coaling stations In the
Pacific and make Importont concessions
In the Philippines.
Jt Is now for tho Madrid government
to give final approval to what wbb par
tially accomplished today. It Is even
possible that this approval may come
very speedily, within a day or two, for
there Is no need of extended conference
or correspondence. All that was ac
complished today, when M. Cambon
acted as plentlpotentlary. From tho
fact that he acted under Instructions,
the prospect would seem to be hopeful
for Spain's ratifying what has been
done. Hut It Is for Spain herself to
determine between the Issue of peace
or war as now presented.
At 10:30 o'clock this morning, In ac
cordance with the agreement reached
yesterday, the members of the cabi
net began to assemble at the White
house, but It waa nearly 11 o'clock when
all were present and ready to resume
their discussion at the point where It
was Interrupted yesterday by adjourn
ment. Secretary Day had prepared a
draft of the answer, based on the ex
pressions of his colleagues In the cab
inet yesterday, and It was expected
that only a short time would be con
sumed In going over this nnd giving it
formal approval. It turned out other
wise, however. Probably over night
new factors had suggested themselves
or fresh Influences had been brought to
bear, for the cabinet wnB soon en
gaged In an nnlmated discussion of
the Philippine settlement.
On the other points of the answer
there was no disagreement, and these
propositions were ratified as they stood
yesterday, namely:
Cuba to be freed.
,Forto Rico to be ceded to the United
One of the Lndrone Islands (probably
Guam) to be ceded to the United States
as a coaling station.
All Spanish military forces In the
West Indies to be withdrawn, with the
formal relinquishment by Spain of
her sovereignty over any possessions
among these Islands.
As to the Philippines, the cabinet
agreed upon the following point: That
Manila bay, with the city and surround
ing country, should be retained lr. the
possession of the United States at least
for such a length of time as 1b neces
sary to devise and put In operation
some plan for the future government
of the entire group.
After that point the main divergence
of opinion began, and all sorts of pro
positions were put forward and urged
by Individual members as the best
means of dealing with the future of tho
In the very midst of the discussion
the element that had strongly urged
the necessity of protecting Agulnaldo
In any settlement we should arrange
received a severe check through the re
ceipt of a cablegram from Admiral
Dewey stating that tho Insurgent chief
had assumed a defiant attitude, and
Admiral Dewey expressed the opinion
that the United States would be obliged
to make war upon them, necessitat
ing the requirement of 1CO.00O troops to
subdue the Islands.
While this did not bring about a com
plete dismissal of the proposition to
take the Insurgents Into account In
settling the terms of peace, It did have
the effect to cause an agreement upon
the question as to the disposition of
the islands until the other phases of
the peace negotiations have been sat
isfactorily adjusted, meaning by that
that the matter goes over until tho
last Spanish flag has disappeared from
the western hemisphere and the Amer
ican flag hoisted to stay over the coal
ing stations we require In Micronesia.
The discussion lasted two hours and
a quarter before the cabinet hit upon
the best course for the United States
to adopt. It was finally decided that
what we desired could be best done
by the appointment of a joint commis
sion, limited In Its representation to
the governments of the United States
and Spain, which commission Is to en
deavor to settle the details of the
government of the Philippines and de
termine what treatment shall be ac
corded the Insurgents, the United
States army and navy meanwhile oc
cupying Manila and Manila bay, thus
retaining a position to enforce speedily
the verdict that shall be Anally reached
by the commission.
As the cabinet meeting adjourned the
members went off to their respective
luncheons with a yleasant conscious
ness that they had succeeded in dis
posing properly of tho very difficult
problem. Assistant Secretary John
Moore, who had been called Into the
meeting at tho last moment, went has
tily to tho state department to put tho
views of tho president nnd cabinet In
tho proper diplomatic form, nnd while
this was being done notlco wan sont lo
the French ambassador that tho presi
dent would -bo pleased to hand him
personally bc rrcUr. of tho United
ith li )ils M')ur
the telegraph olllce.
Immediately following tho long con
ference the French ambassador and
M. Thlebaut returned to tho French
embassy. And then began tho hard
worlc of reducing to cipher tho Amer
ican peace conditions, together with
the results it tho conference, and
transmitting the same to Madrid. Tho
ambassador was smiling nnd apparent
ly well pleased with tho result of tho
conference. All the staff of the em
bassy were engaged on the cipher work,
us It was a long nnd Intrlcato process.
Allowing Tor tho differences of the
time between Washington and Madrid
tho terms could not reach tho Spanish
capital before midnight tonight, and
would not get before the Spanish min
istry before tomorrow.
Ponoo Must Come Qulok In Order
to Prevont It.
Manila, July 28 (via Hong Kong, July
30). The first authentic Information re
garding the possible surrender of Man
ila from a high foreign consular official
at manlla has been obtained, lie says
General Augustl was preparing with
might and main to make resistance,
expecting Adtnlrnl Camnra to bring
Now, being officially Informed that
Camara has been recalled, ho is dis
couraged. Hp realizes the situation Is
hopeless and hopes pence will coma In
time to prevent his being compelled to
yield to tho force of Amerlcnn arms.
If not, when General Merrltt and Ad
miral Dowey send their ultimatum that
they will attack Manlla by land and
sea unless It surrenders without resist
ance, Augustl will propose to capitu
late, tho S,panlBh troops marching out
with the honors of war, tho soldiers
and military and civil ofllclals to be
granted parole to return to Spatn nnd
protection to be assured of life and
property of the Spaniards' against the
All foreign Interests, Involving Im
mense capital, are now at a complete
standstill. The foreigners are urging
surrender. Even the Germans concede
It Is foolish to resist
AugustPs rank and file are ready to
yield. Only the Intermediate officers,
loafing In cafes, suffering no hardships
and seeking false glory, are not op
posed to prolonged hostilities. Actual
fighting Is Improbable, or if there Is
any, It will only be such as Is sufficient
to satisfy the alleged Spanish honor
of officers and Jingoes at home In
Generals Green and Anderson nar
rowly escaped being shot while riding
near Malete.
Dewey expects to take the city with
out loss of life.
A Spanish officer, who reported
Schley's victory at Santiago, was
treated as a traitor and threatened with
Four thousand Americans are camped
within a mile of Manila, protected by
artillery and the guns of the Boston
and Callao.
The rebels are firing shells Into tho
city from four guns on the south side.
The friction between Agulnaldo and
his officers has reappeared. They are
offended at his assumption of the role
of dictator.
General Shaftor Quiets the Fears of
Business Men In Santiago.
Santiago de Cuba, July 29 (delayed In
transmission). General Shatter has
had some cable correspondence with
Adjutant General Corbln, tending to al
lay the fear among Spanish and for
eign merchants here that the American
troops are to be withdrawn from San
tiago and the city given over to the
custody of the Cuban soldiers.
Representations have been made to
General Shafter of the alleged Impos
sibility of a resumption of buslnoss un
less assurances were given by the Unit
ed States government that enough
American troops would remain to main
tain order, and that a stable govern
ment would be established. General
Shnfter cabled to Adjutant General
Corbln requesting authority to give the
desired assurance In the name of tho
General Shafter says the four Im
mune regiments from Alabama and
Mississippi, In all 5,000 men, half of
whom are expected today, will remain
to garrison the city. Ho has recom
mended the withdrawal of the cavalry
and their return north as soon as their
state of health will permit.
It Is understood that the rest of the
Fifth army corps will go to Montauk
Point, L. I., and there Is great rejoic
ing among the troops.
Organized Roalstnnoo CltlzenB of
Guayama Prevont tho Looting of
tho Treoeury- Inhabitants are
' t ,,AUK'
- 3"ome
IKJ.1l .4
report thnr
their dvo. ..u the reside V
urn, tiuriy-iivc nines ui$ w; re
treating from the American f In
vasion, the Spanish troops have con
tinued their work of destruction at
several points, but their action at Guy
aina was so vicious that the citizens
formed Ihumselvcs Into a quickly or
ganized body for resistance.
Acting under onlers from their com
mander, General Reyer, the Spanish
troops sacked the town, many residents
fleeing In alarm. Tho soldiers then
broke Into tho homes of other residents
and Insulted and abused the owners
and paid no nttentlon to the protests
that were made.
After they had sacked tho town tho
Spaniards went to the city hall with
the Intention of seizing the municipal
funds, which, amounting to G27,000,were
locked In a vnult. Several hundred an
gry citizens thereupon gathered about
the building and determined to resist.
General Reyer, alarmed at this un
expected action, sent orders to the
main body of his troops, which then
was several mlleB farther on. This was
tho situation at Guayama when mes
sengers mounted horses and started In
great haste for Ponce to seek assist
ance. They nsBert that General Reyer
threatened to kill all who resisted his
men, and to burn the town afterward.
These messengers Implored the aid of
General Wilson, but of course nothing
can be done for the present, as vir
tually the same condition of affairs ex
IstB In many small towna In the Inter
ior. The messengers 'will try to or
ganize a volunteer force of Porto Rl-
cans to go to the rescue of the resi
dents of Guayama.
The transport Cherokee, bringing the
Nineteenth regulars, and the St. Louis
with Major General Brooke on board,
have arrived here.
Decided Sontlmfent tor American
Ownerl"l3 of Philippines.
London, July 30. There Is a decided
feeling here that the United States
ought to keep the Philippines, at any
rate for the present. Not only does
a portion of the English press support
this Idea, but many private Individuals
as well.
A number of people w)u lia.'o Inter
ests In the Philippine archipelago, with
some Filipinos who reside in England,
have Invoked the aid of the American
press to direct public opinion In sup
port of tho retention of the Islands un
der an American protectorate. Amer
ica, they Bay, cannot dishonor the
pledges of Consuls General Pratt and
Wlldman and Admiral Dewey and
abandon the (country as a prey to the
Spaniards and to endless disorder.
The Times, In referring to the Phil
ippines, says:
"There Is at present great maBS of
conservative opinion In America which
regards the acquisition of the Philip
pines uh a dangerous and costly ex
periment. That opinion Is liable to be
changed by the threats of Interference
of the other powers, by the irritation at
Spanish delay, a big development In
events which such a delay may pro
duce, or by anything which may pre
sent annexation as the smaller of the
two evils."
What the Times means by the last
phrase Is probably Indicated by the
sentence In Its leader yesterday, which
"Even moderate Americans cannot Ig
nore the possible advantages to their
country of the adoption of what Is
called the Imperial policy In the Pacific.
The consideration of the Immense trade
Interests they possess in that region la
not likely to lessen their Inclination to
make territorial acquisitions there."
In other words, the Times would not
think the retention of the Philippines
unjustifiable In view of the trade In
terests and humanitarian Idea underly
lylng the Americans' Intervention.
The Dally Chronicle comes out blunt
ly and says:
"To hand the Islands back to Spain
would be an outrage. The ambitions
of Germany have taken a definite form
with regard to the Philippines. Except
It Is this, no European nation objects
to annexation. All talk of European
Intervention Is rubbish."
Tho Dally Mall also opposes any
backdown on the Americans' part. It
"If the United States now withdrew
from Manlla they would leave chaos
behind and sow the seeds of a univer
sal war. Spain, bankrupt and without
a naVy, cannot Bubdue the Insurgents.
We may be certain that some European
power would Intervene. We cannot be
lieve President McKlnley will prove
blind to deal with the responsibilities
which rest upon him. The Monroe doc
trine has got to go. America has al
ready overstepped It by annexing Hawaii."