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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (July 15, 1898)
i ' ' .
MORGAN RAVAGED THE SPANISH MAIN.
Noted Exploits of a Seventeenth Century Pirate who Pillaged and
Burned the Coast Cities of Cuba and the West Indies.
The prtBent operntlons of the Ameri
can fleet In Cuban waters are not the
first history has to record against the
power of Spain In that part of the
World. The very city of Santiago,
against which Is directed the strength
of the Tankee fleet, has fallen In the
past before aggressive Anglo-Saxons,
as It will again In the near future.
The American people, moved past all
endurance at the barbarous Inhuman
ities by Spain against the Cubans, have
"In the name of humanity, In the name
of civilization," Invoked the aid of the
army and navy to establish peace and
the blessings of liberty will confer upon
the blood-soaked soil of the "Pearl
of the Antilles."
The ultimate object of the former
successful invasion was as far removed
from that actuating America at the
present time as Is possible to conceive.
It was conducted solely for the ob
ject of personal gain, under the com
mand of Sir Henry Morgan, the most
daring and bloodthirsty freebooter that
ravished the Spanish main In the lat
ter p6rtlon of the seventeenth century.
The history of Captain Morgan's ex
ploits In the West Indies was written
by one J. Esquemellng, a reformed pi
rato, who accompanied him on his nu
merous forays, dating from the capture
of the Island of St. Catherine, In 1C65.
to the sacking of the city of Panama
in 1671. A flne old ballad also com
memorates this later adventure. The
memoirs were published in England In
1704, and contain, as the title page sets
forth, "The History of the Bucaniers
of America, From the First Original
Down to this Time: Written In Several
Languages and Now Collected Into One
Volume. The Whole Newly Translated
into English and Illustrated with 25
This quaint old chronicle was first
written and printed In Holland Dutch,
and afterward translated and published
In English. In passing through the
translator's hands it has acquired the
stilted and pedantic figures of Eng
lish "as she was spoke" In those early
days, but enough of the spirit of the
original author reveals Itself In the de
talleddescrlntlon to give one an excel
lent idea of the atrocities perpetrated
by Morgan's "gentlemen of Fortune."
Then, as now, Havana was the strong
est fortified city in Cuba. It was also
chief In size and commercial import
ance. Following it in these respects
came Santiago. Each of these two
cities had half of the Island under Its
Jurisdiction, to which, says the chron
icler, "all the Towns and Villages there
of give obedience." Gomez and Oarcla
could relate quite a different story at
the present time.
The Islands of Tortuga and Jamaica
were the common refuge of the free
booters, who operated npalnst the
Spaniards of Florida. West Indies. eVn
ezuela and the northern const of South
America. This portion of the world
constituted the Spanish main of bloody
romance and savage adventure. Spain
at this period did an Immense amount
of trade with these Islands In tobacco,
hides and sugar, and hundreds of
Spanish merchant vessels traversed
yearly that part of the Caribbean sea
lying southeast of the northern South
American coaBt. This was the popular
route', and here the pirates waged mer
clless warfare, at first against the ships
alone, but as their numbers Increased
they made successful Incursions against
the villages and towns situated on the
Islands and along the coasts of Florida
and South America.
town, Freemen and Slaves, and with
part of them took a Post by which of
necessity the Plrats must pass."
Numerous trees were felled and am
buscades of well-armed men were en
trenched, ready to give Captain Mor
gan and his cutthroats the warmest
kind of a reception.
Luck, however, favored the bucca
neers, for, finding the passes to the
town Insurmountable, they traversed
the wood und so avoided the trops so
carefully laid for them by the gover
nor. Emerging from the wood at last,
to the plain before the town, the free
booters prepared for the attack. They
were almost immediately discovered by
the Spanish, who repeatedly charged
them, with the Idea of scattering their
forces. The attempt proved futile, the
plratesp reserved their line In perfect
order, and with beating drums and
flying colors steadlnly advanced, firing
as they came, with deadly effect. The
Spaniards were soon routed, their
greater number killed and the remain
der forced to fly to the woods in the
effort to save themselves. Morgan's
men suffered a trifling loss, the Span
lards proving as poor marksmen as
their descendants of the present time.
The entrance to the town wns warmly
rally th disorganized citizens, rftie,.
to the strongest caitle with his tt'Mps
and fought until thr garrison was cap
oned. He made a stubborn and gallant re
sistance, nnd to the pirate's demand to
sutrender refused with the remark that
he preferred "to die as a allnnt soldier
than be hanged for a cowaid."
He was finally killed and the city
captured. The booty and ransom se
cured from this freebootlng expedition
amounted to 250,000 pieces of eight in
money and a great quantity of mer
chandise. While Morgnn occupied the
city an epistolary exchange of arms
occurred between htm and the gov.
ernor of Panama, which Is piquant In
Its Spartan brevity and Attic pun
Rency. The letters followed nn attempt of the
governor to dislodge the pirates from
the city. Ills entire force was almost
cut off by Morgan's men, who decoyed
the troops Into nn ambush, where they
were simply slaughtered. Following
this abortive attempt word was sent
Morgan that if he did not Immediately
depart from Puerto Velo that he and
his men would receive no quarter when
they were captured, as he (the govern,
or) hoped to do. To which Morgan
replied that he would deliver tup castles
and city when the ransom he had set
on it was paid, and, If not paid within
the time named, ensttes and city would
he demolished nnd the prisoners he held
The taking of Puerto Velo by so In
significant a force greatly surprised the
governor of Panama, who sent another
messenger desiring a smaii pattern ni
THE MAN BELOW.
STAMPS BY THE MILLION.
contested, but finally effected. A num-
tn tt Mm Inhnltllfinta rotrifr.fl In thnlr
.,. wfc ., ............ ....... - .... t --- - - .. .. -
houses nnd from these vantage points tne Kinu oi arms useu in muitm vu
nnlntnlnnrl nn nntinvllli" tltO T ll ( I I 111 IH) ft II rt t a CailtUrC
threat of the pirates to lire the town Morgan received the messenger with
unless they desisted hnd the desired elaborate courtesy and gave him a pis
effect. With the town In their hands, tol and a few small bullets, with word
the Spaniards, men. to tne governor ir.at u ne wouiu m:-
the pirates drove
women and children Into the churches
nnd held them as prisoners. They then
proceeded to loot the place, gntherlng
together everything of value the In
habitants had failed to hide. The sur
rounding couptry was diligently senrch
ed, resulting In the capture or
booty and prisoners.
cept the slender pattern of nrniB Inci
dentally used to take Puerto Velo
and kee) It a year, he (Morgan) would
call and carry it nway again. It Is
but fair to add that Morgan kept his
word with a thoroughness that has
more ' lived to the present day, and forms one
of the most dastardly ana wonunui
These noor wretches were Inhumanly, achievements known In the history of
tortured day after day, to make them , this infamous freobcoter.
confess where their valuables were His vessels, equipped with the best
hidden. Bv thes means they acquired guns the garrisons afforded, and rich
a vast quantity of money and goods. with stolen treasure, Morgan trlumph
Provum nnnilv irowlnir scarce. ' antly sailed to Jamaica. Arrived there.
Mnrmn hnirun to think of dpnartlnc for r"3 men. emit twin ins uuunwu dh.hc
SiiS Th,. nrlKoners were told of Pander, repaired shoreward to the
that If they ' ioaV5 tnXm Ihw nK kcn aml 8lGW8' where, with
wn.ii.! hi nhikre Tto iiuv for it and on ' " arrogance of nabobs, the lavlshncua
mvmeh 'for liberty neeont' ransom I ' Prince and their own unbridlei.
wouhl be en mnded for ? the town or brutish passions to drive them on. they
eVerv louse In It would be burned Induced in orgy nnd debauchery that
Fou1? priMrinrelvedrmlMlT 10 within a toUm US P""
...i. M' nf,,.irnrt rmmnm hut tn hasten n less as before their cruise.
Uicdr return Morgan had a number of Following the sacking of Puerto Velo.
mlsonetoVtubefoIetheireye" A i the city of Maracalbo. Venezuela, wa.
fpw daVM later they returned with thti i cil Piureu, mie ui-im, wic i..u..v. ......
inrnrmntion o their lnnblltv 'to get to- the place had suffered from successful
Information or tneir innuun to i,tt tu t .. rl other denredntlons
lILfJ n 'his men who had been vastly Inferior force he captured Pan
$naiLri SZtlniv<oZA. looting it first and burning it
While you sing of Schley nnd Hobson
And of gallant Dewey, too,
While with thoughts of them your
hearts are all aglow
1 would sing to you of another
Just as brave nnd Just as true
Of the man who does the stoking down
For his home Is In the hell.
And he doesn't hear the yell,
That goes up when the firing's done,
When the ship he's with hnB won
Ho must keep a-shovellng on,
Though his name be never mentioned,
Though we tree or hear him not,
Though his deeds may never bring
him worldly fame,
He's a man above the others
And the bravest of the lot
And the hero of the battle, Just the
He's the man who docs the work,
From the labor docs not shirk,
He Is Bhovellng day nnd night,
Feeding flumes, all blazing bright,
Keeping up a killing fight,
In the awful heat and torture
Of the fires that leap nn danco
In and out the furnnce doors that
On In silence he must work,
Fnr with him there's ne'er a chance
On his brow to feel the outer breeze
For they've locked him In a room,
In a burning, blazing tomb,
Where he ennnot see (he sky,
When destruction stnlketh nigh,
Cannot lenrn In time to fly,
While the fighting fierce Is waging,
.And the cannon overhead
With their sizzling shells the enemy
To the stQker down below,
Not a word Is ever said,
To his ear Is borne no. echo of the
When they open wide his door,
And they cry, "You're work is o er,
Down below I"
There they find him wcnkly lying
On a pile of coal and crying
Out In mndness, for he's dying
The war series of stamps snon to tn
Issued under the war revenue net will
afflLS NOWWIELD BROOMS."
.- .. i. i.i v,..,.. .m.i ii arterwara.
of"Wne among them" a "er. '-p- theeatest nnunt
tne towns- v y" -- ..... . - -
.. ..n ttVm lirvi-fk r lot fnr In
IIL'IlU Wll UUI r ".nvi .v
men from the governor of Santiago, in ' men. a great quuiuuy ui Jev.c. .. .
whinh thnv were advised to delay the Immense amount of money and much
nnSr -om o the Urates as I valuable merchandise was collected.
lone as iioMdble. as an army was being hut Just what It amounted to nas never
Jamaica. In Morgan's time, was under
the domination of an English governor,
who. among other characteristics, pos
sessed an extremely ductile conscience.
He was hand In glove with the free
booters, assisting them to outfit their
ships with supplies and men and af
fording them a safe asylum from all
attacks In the fortified harbors of Ja
maica. In 1665 Morgan began his ad
venturous career. On account of his
active part In a number of successful
exploits, he was chosen vlce-ndmlral of
a piratical fleet of fifteen vessels which
put out from Jamaica fitted for a gen
eral conquest of coast and Island cities.
The first descent was upon the garrison
of St. Catherine's Island, near Costa
Rico, which surrendered under the at
tnrk. The town was promptly looted
and a great number of the Inhabitants
slaughtered and taken prisoners. A
portion of the fleet laden with booty
and captives returned to Jamaica, first
leaving a force of 100 pirates on the
Island to hold It. In the command of
one eL Sleur Slmpn as governor. Ar
riving at Jamaica It was proposed to
the English governor to send recruits
to the new acquisition with the pur
pose of fortifying and holding It as a
perpetual haven for the freebooters.
This plan seemed to be altogether too
bold for Jamaica's governor, who. fear
ing to displease the king of England
and realizing he would be obliged to
reduce his own military force to supply
the needed recruits, promptly refused
his assent to the proposal. Morgan's
piratical partner whose name was
Mansvelt, who had been entrusted to
jVogotiate the affair, then sailed to Tor
tuca to secure the needed allies. Here
he suddenly died. Meanwhile the Span
lards recaptured St. Catherine nnd at
once transported and executed the pi
rates. OPERATIONS I NCUBA.
Notwithstanding this misadventure.
Captain Morgan with undiminished
courage rapidly equipped another fleet,
the vessels of which were to be brought
by their crews to a certain part of
Cuba, where a general council would
be held and plans for future expedl
The literary buccaneer at this point
gives a detailed account of the council
of war, which, In the printed chron
icles. Is set forth In all the usual plen
titude of lengthy paragraphs and cap
ttni lptters. Havana was first consid
ered as the combined point of attack,
but as the pirates numbered nbout 700
men and twelve ships and boats, the
equipment was deemed too Insignificant
for the capture of so strongly fortified
a place. The town of "Puerto Prin
cipe." was decided upon as the point
of assault, because, as the author
naively states, "It being at a distance
from Sea. It never was sack'd by any
Plrats. whereby the Inhabitants were
KThe story of the expedition thus be-
8 "This proposal was presently admit
ted by Captain Morgan and the chief
of his Companions: hereupon they
oreder'd every Captain to weigh an
chor and set Sail, steering toward that
Const nearest to ruerio tie ei rrmuF.
Here In the bay named by the Span
lards El Puerto de Santa Maria: being
was prlMfntfr-'tiflarii li.Snaolurd who
ashore by night, giving account to the
inhabitants of the deFlgn of the Plrats.
which he overheard In their Discourse,
while they thought he did not Under
"The Spaniards upon this Advice be
gan to hide their niches and carry
away their Moveables: the Governor
Immediately raised all the People of the
equipped to rescue them
Upon this information Morgan trans
ported the booty he had gathered to his
ships and demanded the Immediate
payment of the rnnso mfrorn the pris
oners. This they could not do. and
Morgan, fearing to be caught by a su
perior force, compromised on 500 beeves
for victualing his fleet, which were
The sum secured by this foray In
money and good amounted $30,000, or
pieces of eight, as the old Spanish dol
lar was called. The pirates had left
Jamaica heavily In debt, and this sum.
considerable as It was. hardly sufficed
to pay their obligations. According to
the ancient chronicler this fact caused
general dissatisfaction. The French
and English buccaneers separated at
this time, the English returning to Ja
maica. The Insurslons of the pirates who op.
erated before Morgan's time hnd been
prosecuted so diligently tnat tne greni
er number of small towns along the
coast of Cuba and neighboring Islands , Parison to mm
Whether Moragn hnd grown tired of
the dangerous life and desired to se
cure sufficient wealth as would enable
him to live In comfort In England, the
chronicler does not state. He does say,
however, that of all the treasure the
pirates Individually received but J200 as
their share. Morgan took the best ship
of the fleet, which also carried the
heaviest guns, and suddenly departed
from the rendezvous, leaving the re
mainder of the society of free com
panions to shift for themselves. They
never saw him again.
Some novelist might construct a very
readable tale showing how this arch
villain, more bloodthirsty than the
Turk, and who hnd committed more
crimes than was ever dreamed of plac
ing In the decalogue ban, peacefully
spent the remainder of his days In some
quiet English shire, where, in the guise
of a round-bellied squire, he parodied
Justice by dispensing Judgment against
men who were angels or purity in com.
WHEN MY TURN COMES.
When my turn comes, dear shipmates
Oh. do not weep for me:
Wiap me up In my hammock tight,
And put me into the sea;
For It's no good weeping
When a shipmate's sleeping,
And the long wntch keeping
At the bottom of the sea.
But think of me sometimes and say:
'He did his duty right,
And strove the best he knew to please
Ills captain In the fight:"
But It's no use weeping
When n shlpmnte's sleeping.
And the long watch keeping
Through the long, long night.
And let my epitaph be these words:
"Cleared from this port, alone.
A craft that was stanch, nnd sound,
And It's no good weeping
When a shipmate's sleeping.
And the long watch keeping
All alone, all alone.
hud been stripped of their wealth and
hir inhabitants rendered so wretched
and poverty stricken as to preclude all
pecuniary advantages, from anoih5f 'at
tack. The pirate of the seventeenth century
by all accounts loved fighting, but loved
gold far better, and he Insisted on the
two being combined beforo he risked
his rascally sklu.
For successful operation against the
larger towns, the only plnces remain
ing which promised remuneration, a
large force of men and a plentiful sup
ply of war munitions was absolutely
necessary. Deserted by the French.
Morgan's gang of rascals was greatly
reduced In numbers, but within a few
days after his arrival at Jamaica, he
succeeded In getting together 450 men
and a fleet of nine small ships.
Cutthroat and all nround scoundrel
as Morgan's actions proved him un
doubtedly to be. he possessed In an ex
traordinary degree the dominating
characteristics that go to make a suc
rPKsfnl leader of men. In this expe
dition the point of attack was kept se
cret until the vessels were far from
port. When Puerto Velo. a rich mer
cantile city at Costa Rica, a state of
fnntrni America, was named by Mor
gan as the place to be taken, many of
the "Free companions" demurred to
the plan under the belief that their
number was too small to take it.
Morgan's daring nature was revealed
in his answer: "If our numbers ure
small." said he, "our hearts are great,
and the fewer we are the better union
and more share of the spoils shall we
have." , , .
Stimulated by his courage and having
full confidence In his ability to carry
out his plans, the buccaneer hailed this
reply with enthusiasm and the ships
were at once neaueo. xor me -cni
If the historian of these exploits may
be relied upon, the pirates had good
reason to doubt their success In taking
Puerto Velo. Next to Havana and Car
thagena It was the strongest fortified
ninpp In the West Indies under the
Spanish dominion. It was under the
supervision of the then governor of
Panama, and a thriving business was
conducted In the handling of various
kinds of merchandise. It was also a
slave amrket of considerable Import
ance, and these several Industries con
tributed In no Hmall decree to the
wealth of the people. A fortified cas
tie. situated near to the city, was the
first point attacked by Morgan's men.
nnd after a strong resistance was ta
ktn. To Inspire the Inhabitants with
a wholesome fear of the assailants, the
castle and Its defenders, living and
dead, were blown up by the pirates.
rapluiVftft ,kh. IPBBMlne. Then they
prepared to meet them, owing to VflS
sudden attack, and first captured the
priests and nuns In the cloisters. These
were forced to march In front of the
attacking forces and behind this living
barricade a deadly fire was malnfatned
against the resisting Spaniards
And mark this well, my shipmates dear,
Alone the long night through.
Up there In the dnrkness behind
I'll look out sharp for you:
So It's no good weeping
When a shipmate's sleeping.
And the- long watch keeping
All the long night through.
Barrett Eastman In the Chap-Book.
Those flowing sifvei" for girls arw
unusually pretty this year, but. Juds-
I I v fAt1l ft AflHlrltllll.tH 1 lMM(lkl A-.
be the daintiest, most artistic, nnd at j ovrrncnr the other day, ihty are drlr.
the eamc time the most dignified, of all, ing the girls u'ith scrawny arms to
stamps Issued by the government. In a ' distraction. 1 didn't mean lo play thr
few weeks you will see them .lt.r..o!
iu iii-niiy i-vcr-uiiiiK buiu in me uruK a discovery which 1 nm ure will b of
stores in "put up" pnckngci, to nil
sorts of documents nnd to many other
things commonly handled. They will
soon become well nigh as familiar as
tho ordinary postage stamp, Since any
attempt to reproduce the designs far
Illustrating purposes would result In
tho seizure of nil newspapers so of
fending, a pen picture must suffice.
Those to be most commonly seen will
be the proprietary nnd documentary
adhesive stamps. They will be slightly
larger than the two-cent postage
stamp, and printed upon the snme good
quality of white paper not the green
pnper now used In tobacco, clgnrette
and clgnr stamps. The longer edges
form the top and bottom, the designs
running lengthwise with the surface.
On the proprietary stamps benenth nn
arch bearing the Inscription "United
States Internal Revenue" stands boldly
out, with characteristic dignity nnd
grace, a typical United States first-class
battleship, under full steam, riding a
rcBtless sen beneath n canopy of fleecy
clouds. The documentary stamp fchows
the figure of a goddess with flowing
rlbcs; she holds In one hnnd an old
model battleship, nnd In the other n
The designs were happily selected by
Chief Johnson of the liurenu of En
graving and printing, because of the
conspicuous part thus far played In this
war by the American man-of-war. even
before the formal declaration of hos
tllltles was made. The perforation
separating the stnmps on the whole
sheets will not be round like the "pin
hole" perforations of postage stamps,
but what arc called "knife blade" per
forations. They will be dnshes Instead
of dots, and when torn through will
leave straight rather than snw-tooth
The same designs will appear upon
nil denominations of the two official
Issues proprietary nnd documentary
of ndheslvo stnmps. The only difference
will occur In the tints and numerals
to denote different denominations, and
tho Inscription to characterize each of
the two series, as snld. In those hits
of official engrnvlng you will shortly
see some tints never before used on
Htamps. Uncle Sam's great variety of
Inks hns nlrendy been exhausted, and
some novelties are being experimented
You will be struck by the oddity of
the new frnctlonnl cdnomlnntlons. For
Instance, there will be, one-eight, one
fourth, three-eighths, five-eighths. 1,
2 and I cent proprietary, one-half, 1.
2, 3, 4, 5, 10 nnd 50 rent $1, tX S5 nnd
J10 documentary Mumps. The lints
will Include three each of blue, hrnwn,
red nnd greed, and a number of other
novelties In orange and lemon. You wil
find these fractional proprietary
stamps upon perfumery, cosmetics,
pills, lozenges nnd tough drops put up
before the new Individual proprietary
stamps have been deslgnrd for- those
manufactures who prefer them,
The one cent documentary stnmps
will be seen ordlnnrlly upon telegraph
messages nnd parlor and sleeping r
tlcketH. The great variety of denom
inations up to $10 will be spen upon nil
sorts of real estate and legal docu
ments, bills of lading etc.
About two-thirds of the force em
ployed on the new stamps are women,
mostly young Iris, selected because they
are much more neat, careful and dex
trous for delicate work than Is the or
dinary man. To keep the wheels run
ning fast enough to fill the variety of
new orders necessitated by the revenu
act. the force of the great bureau of
printing and engraving has been In
rreaped to nearly 1,700, By making
two shifts Chief Johnson says he can
turn out 13,000,000 of tho new stamps
The ways In which violins of fa
mous make and great value emerge
from obscurity are varied,, and no
greater proof of this fact has been
advanced for many years than the
discovery of Thomas Jefferson's favor
ite violin In the hands of an octogen
arian negro near Charlottesville, Va.
The violin bears date of 1671, and its
maker was Nicolaus Amatl. This relic
of Jefferson and of the skill of lts
Italian maker was found by Hans Hll
debrandt, of 19 North Liberty street.
Baltimore, Md. Mr. Hlldebrandt is an
amateur musician. The story or his
discovery and what led up to It Is told
"I happened Into a barber shop kept
by a negro at Charlottesville and Inci
dentally asked him my favorite ques
tion: 'Do you know of an old violin, as
1 want to buy one?" Said he: 'I know
of an old fiddle, bass, that belonged
to Thomas Jefferson, and old John
Scott owns It now.' The barber was
so interested that he sent one of his
men with me. and soon we were on
the road to Scott's house, about two
miles from Charlottesville, at the base
of the Montlcello mountains and ad
Joining the old Jefferson plantation.
John Scott 1 found to be an active,
bright negro pf 83 years. When I saw
him he was working in his garden, 1
asked to see the violin, and he brought
to me from the cupboard a dilapidated
double violin case that had once been
covered with leather. So many years
had elapsed, however, since the leather
was first placed on the case that a
large part of It had come off In patches.
"Opening It I saw that the moths
had had a feast with the red lining.
The Instrument was wrapped carefully
In a piece of old cloth, and the minute
I looked nt It I saw It was the best
specimen of Nicolaus Amati's violins
1 hnd ever seen. After a while I man
aged to strike a bargain with the old
man. and the violin became my prop
erty. In it I am certain I own one of
the very best violins existing today.
The scroll Is most artistically carved,
the model and workmanship beautiful.
The varnish Is of the golden yellow
color and the pegs are of Ivory. All
that was needed was a few repairs
and now It Is a singing beauty.
"John Scott, from whom I bought
the violin, told me that he Inherited
the Instrument from his father, who
was a slave of ThomaB Jefferson. After
returning to Charlottesville with my
prize I l.earned that Jefferson was a
good musician nnd a lover and player
of the violin, and that he had owned
... .. , ..j.,i0hi instruments of Italian
make. The one 1 hao oougnt ne had
christened 'Pet,' and this makes me
believe that It was his favorite violin."
The violin Is today being constantly
used by a friend of Mr. Hlldebrandt,
who Is one of the orchestra of a BaJ-
The governor of the city, unable to tlmore theater.
While we were waiting at the depot
for a delayed train, a little old woman
who used a closed umbrella for a cane,
and who had seven different patriotic
badges pinned to her bosom, came
sauntering down the street and upon
the long platform and closely regarded
each Individual man. One of the crowd
finally said to her:
"Madame, you seem to be a patrl
otess?" "That's what I am sir," she replied,
as she held her head high and waved
the umbrella around.
"You go In for the war, do you 7"
"That's me, sir. I was the first one
In this town to git out and. whoop, and
I'll keep on whooping to the very end.
My old man was agin the war. and It
took me Just three minutes to git him
on the run. I have a son, Bill, who Is
agin the war. and he went out of the
house a-kltln', and his duds after him.
Nobody left but me. nnd I've put seven
American flags out and am whooping
for Uncle Sam.
"A cause with such women as you to
rhnmplon it must surely win," re
marked the man. as he dodged a sweep
of the umbrelln
"I've licked everything In sight so
fur." she replied with a smile of sat
isfactlon. "Deacon Hardman came over
the other day to borrow a shovel and
Transforming the Drum.
Into the American households nt last
has the war come. The drum that In
Btrument of martini sound has been
transformed Into one of the ui"S.t ne''
essory articles of the home the scrap
basket. Work boxes nnd work bns-
kets, too, are with a little Ingenuity
mnde out of the same Implements of
the band and of the march.
But lilt) labor Is required to fit
these drums to their new vocation. If
possible for sentiment's sake, If noth
Interest. You see. the steeves are very
transparent, and that Is why the group
of girls seemed filled with woe They
were nil talking about how thin tbelrr
arms were and discussing tennis and
golf as a means of rounding them out.
Gold never In the world will do It .
girls, nor tennis either." cxclnlmed one
plump-looking miss the only plump
one, by the way, In the group. Look
at my arm," nnd In n trice she had
unsnapped her cuff links nnd, whisk
ing the pink pique sleeve 10 her shoul
der, displayed a beautifully modeled
arm, dimpling In soft rounded curves.
"Ycb, but yours were gifts of thir
goJs," cried a scrawny one. "You don't
know what It menns to bo bothertcl
"I do, tool Wasn't 1 nlmost a genre
crow a year ago? You remember howr
thin I wna for months nfter I leftl
school. I tried everything tennis, golf,,
massage and physical culture, until X
didn't really care a fig whether I ha
plump arms or skinny ones."
"But do tell us what you did do final
ly to bring nbout such Ideally lovely
"1 not only 'did, hut 1 still 'do It
every day of my life. Now don't Inuc
when 1 tell you thnt 1 have swept mr
Hitting nnd bed room five times every
momlg since last nugust. Haven't youi
noticed that housemaids nearly ntwayv
have rounded, flhnpely arms? The Ideai
popped Into my head one dny whll
Nlta was sweeping the halls. She had?
her sleevcB rolled up, so I saw her arm
from shoulder to wrist, and It was th
most beautiful In symmetry that X
have ever seen.
"I Just didn't wait another minute,,
but bounded Up the stalls f Into mam
ma's room nnd told her Hint I had ma do
n discovery, nnd thnt she must ro
right down town and ord'T n load off
Imported brooms. I begnn that very
hour. I swept my room over nnd over
again. It tired me most to death, too.
My bock ached, my head hurt and til
next morning 1 found the muscles of
my arms were so sore 1 could not drcasi
"In a week's time 1 noticed au im
provement. My arms were more firm,'
and before a month hnd gone by f
noticed nn Improvement. My arms wcroj
more firm, nnd before a month liur
gonp by I wiih In the seventh heaven
of delight. But, Just think, girls,
hnven't neglected this exercise but'
twlre since 1 begnn, and then I was nn
a sleepr going nnd coming from. Chi
cago. "Of course It's nn awful rmthf. but
whrn one considers the comfort it
brings, why, you never once think
about that. I Just hop out of bed lnto
my cold plunge, nnd then the sweep
ing comes right after. It ra(Iy f. n
tiptop exercise nil over for one. Mo
My cheeks are all aglow when I finally
poke the broom away.
"How many brooms do you reckon
Ivp worn out? Just live, tl-nt's nil.
nnd my carpet ban been enovnfJ
twice. So you see it Is not air. morn
eccnomlcal than going to the physk.il.
culture mndam. after all, but It's a
great dcul more gratifying In the end."
"But how orr earth do you do It."
askpd one of the thin glrlH. "I don't
know how to hold a broom."
"Hold It the beat way you can. That's
all the Information 1 can give," laugli
nd the pink bud. "But you want to.
buy those with good large stlck.f. he
cause they do rrot crump one's hand'
so. You must weur chamois gloves,
or your palms will be blistered, ami'
get some silk dust caps to sdlp over
your hair. You've no Idea how funny
one looks gotten up so. And If ytu Ko
to work with a long skirt on It will
make you ever so tired dragging It
around over the floor. Put on a koIT
skirt; they are Juat lovely for sweep
ing." The thin girls were profuse In their
thanks, and went awuy rejoicing.
Now Ubo For X-Rays-
Imitation dlnmondB can be quickly
nnd readily distinguished by means or
the X-rnys. Under the Roentgen ra
diation diamonds are extremely trans
parent, while the highly refracting:
glass used In Imitations Is almost per
fectly opaque. This fact, put nl rift
ing In evidence recently by experlmentj--
Ing else drums that have actually seen hy Sir William Crookes, makes it po-
ervlce are preferable, but If an old
drum cannot be procured, a fresh new,
.miniature one, direct from n shop,
gllstenlg nil over in Its gorgeousnesB of
bright pnlnt, will do. Any size Is al
lowable, and tho ndornment thereafter
Is limited only bv the taste and skill
of the fair war enthusiast.
The first step is to cut out one end
not knock It out. mind you. ns that
would loosen the strings 'and break up
the drum's entire structure. This excis
ion should be done carefully, and with
Judgment, Then the Interior should
be lined with silk, sateen or cretonne.
Bands of ribbons should be tied nround
the outside, nnd In the same fashion
is ribbon Is tied around any basket,
ind the metamorphosis should be fin
ished off with huge bows, tied In the
most artistic manner.
What are known ns "baby drums"
ire made, In the same fashion. Into
rery tiny scrap baskets to stand on
the feminine writing table, nnd yet
mother use for the transformed drum
Is as a "hair receiver." to be placed
t .. ... 1. I. .. I .. .. ,.....,. ka.hIh. (nlA WnK.
say be was ngrn ine war. ioun me jh ni) iuuy o uiccmut, mun, ui.kj
Jest n mlnlt nnd n half to throw him Jrums," too, must be used for these.
over the fence. Met John Williams In
the road yesterday nnd asked him If he
was whoopln' or Kceprn sun. ue sum
ho wasn't whoopln", and 1 rurr him
fur a mllr ami lost hlrn In the dust
Abel Spuoner tried to keep me from
goln' Into ihuri-h last Sunday with a
ling In each hand. Dropped the flags
and got both nhnds In his hair, nnd he
yelled for Cuba before 1 let him up " '
"That's the spirit which gave us
power to conquer In 177G," said the man.
tlnpplng his hands. I
The spirit Is all right, nnd don't you ,
muke any mistake. Any Spaniards f
sh. usiicnil un nnd down with her
umbrella ready to strike, and presently t
he brought It don n on tne oncic or a
red-fated man who was examining the
li.Jured hinges on his trunk.
Here what's all this?" shouted the
man. a he straightened up.
"Spaniard or American?" she de
n nndd. s she held herself ready for
"American, of course. "You'd better
be fRieful how you smash folks."
"If you are an Amerlcnn It's all right,
and us 1 don't see nny of the enemy
niovnd here I'll be ging. Got to see
T.MMes Jurl-son. I've heard that he
wasn't whoopln' any. and I wnnt to
I w w the reason why. That's him way
IP the street, and If he don't Jump a
Tence or whoop for Uncle Sam you'll
ee him pars here nt a two-mlnunte
alt, and I'll bo pokln him with the
.ad of this umbrella at every Jump.
slble for dealers and purchasers to de
tect, fa. ?e gems.
It wns while experimenting with va
rious substances seen under the Roent
gen rays that this Interesting and val
uable discovery was mnde. Sir Wil
liam Crookes, as n result of his In
vestigation, has produced a photograph
In which a black dlumond set in a;
gold frame, and n large Delhi diamond?
of a flne pink color, together -with ai
Imitation in glass or a pink diamond,
are shown ns they apear when exposeiK
to the X-rnys for a few seconds.
The result, ns pictured by the Leisures
Hour, of London, shows that the- dia
monds permitted the rays to pass thro"
them, while the glass stornmped them
Ab the experimenter explains. It fs not
essential thnt a photograph should be
taken In order to exhibit the dtfference
of transparency of diamonds arid glass
for Roentgen radiation, for If the three
objects hnd been placed between a.
source of the rays and a phosphores
cent csreen the shadows would be
thrown upon the screen and appear as,
the objects do In the photographs.
PAINT -WALLS CEILINGS.
MURAL0 WATER COLOR PAINTS
FOR DECORATING WALLS AND CEILINGS fU--.'o0,' MURALO
Colut doler oi do jour own docortloti. TbU malerUI U UAIIO I'l.M-tll to b applltJ with
ru.U tad twoomet a bard u Omeat. MIJio4 to Iwont-.Ioar llou tad -o-kt tqntlli u noil with
cold ir hot wtr ..... . ,,., ..,,.. . . ,
;mi-.:,is roll nAuri.c. vu...,.t va.... una 11 70a cnooi rarcQutr iui aiitmi iron yes
local iller lt u kno d nt will put jou Id th wy of obUtniog It
THE MURALO CO.. NEW BRIGHTON, 6. I.. NEW YORK.
He you say you like a manly man.
What Is your Idea of a manly man?
f3he Well, for Instance, one who don't
ttay and stay and stny, Just because he
knows the girl Isn't strong enough to
throw him -ut. Chicago News.
A VETERAN' dB shmrdlu shrdlu
He Your friend thinks that she
would moke a good soldier.
She Perhaps she would. She's ac
customed to face powder, you know.
"Is Bertie Chumlelgh's mother will
ing he should go to war?"
"I guess so. She went down to Wash.
Ington to beg a commission for him."
, Nethir A Mlllt' E-iprtio( Nnb
Pw-2 Flu kill uro nnd mitM on poultry, mk
Bfn; I nit tli ti'Tin lay mora freely, and add
?. ueauu. toiuioji ua vvauiy mini idwik
At grocer. druKiiida or (actor? )U
!, f I (I; Pot hlpr.M prapaid
akoi autd lim-Miss. Exhibit.
Ncpuw.r & Mum, wanomiiv
O. P. Co., Omaha,
No. 29, 1 896
ciiuik WHiut in iikf litis.
llMt Couib Birun. 'fuaea Good. tJM
la lima. Sold br drugirleta.
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