Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190?, July 08, 1898, Image 2

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    J8 .
' -I
T.J.O'KEBFB, Publisher.
Falls City hns sent live more younjr
incn to the front Prof. Hlldcman, J.
K. Pickett, W. R. Hcrshey, Clnrence
Mussolmnn nnd Jnke Norrls vent to
Omaha to Join the Third regiment band.
Hitchcock county Is Buffering from
hot winds. The dnmago to spring
wheat, barley and oats Is reported as
serious. Nothing but a heavy rain
will Insure anything like a crop of
The bootlegging case of II. W. Mun
roe and Charles Kills, which has oc
cupied the attention of the county
court at Tekomah for the last few
days, terminated In the binding over
of both of the defendants to the dis
trict court under bonds of $300 each.
A piece of gas pipe, some powder
and a match comprised the materials
which, after the explosion, disfigured
the face of Ned, son of It. 8. Wllkln
Bon, at Weeping Water. The cheek
bone was exposed and the cut extend
ed down through the upper lip.
The city council of Tckamah has
ordered the city engineer to set grndo
stakes on Main street for the purpose
of bringing all sidewalks on that street
to grade. As It is ut present some of
the walks are below grade and the
council will endeavor to have them uni
form. Dr. John B. McConnell was found
Wednesday about noon In a barn back
of Burkhnrt's meat market In Falls
City In an unconscious condition. Upon
examination It was found that two of
Ills ribs had been broken. He entered
the barn sometime during the night
before and was kicked by a horse.
The postofllce authorities nt Wash
ington have sent Information to the
Tecumsch offlco that the free experi
mental rural delivery, which Is oper
ated In a number of ofllccs over tho
country, Including TecumBeh, will bo
continued one yenr. The time previous
ly provided for expired after being In
operation a year and one-half. This
gives employment to four mall car
riers. Harvest Is on In earnest In Johnson
county, and there never wns a tlmu
when men were so scarce. There Is n
great demand for harvesters, and nny
man who can shock wheat and desires
work 1b In the field. The wnges paid
generally nre $1.50 per dny and board.
The harvesting, together with tho
building In the city and the railroad
grading work on the Burlington south
of here hob been a boon to the laborers
of Tecumsch this summer.
1. M. Pemberton, a leading Beatrice
attorney, was assaulted and beaten
over the head by the town morshal at
Liberty the other night. He was pres
ent to represent the remonstrants In
a saloon license, the hearing having
been begun before the town council
when the trouble occurred. Consider
able bad blood had already been en
gendered, the town board having re
fused to hear the ense until mnnda
muscd by the couit. Mr. Pemberton'
says he was arguing a law point when
the assault was made, which he de
clares was entirely unprovoked.
Locked up In a pauper drunkard's
cell at police headquarters In Omaha
Is "Suie Thing Jimmy" Nolan, once
one of the most prominent horsemen In
this country. Twenty years ago Nolan
was accredited with being worth half
a million dollars, and he had a string
of race horses that were as good os
the best and numbered among them
some of the noted horses of those days.
Nolan wns phenomenally successful In
thoBe days and won the name of "Sure
Thing" because of his luck In picking
winners. Through prodigality Nolan's
fortune slipped through his fingers and.
he was reduced to poveity. During
the last few yeurs he has been a race,
track followqr and lives by means of
the few dollars he can enrn by dolnc
Ddd Jobs about the rnclng stables nnd
that he receives from horsemen who
knew him In the good dnys.
An Immense crowd of Falrbury cltl
tens came out to witness the Hag rais
ing nt the round house, which was ar
ranged nnd conducted by the employes
of the Chicago, Hock Island & Pacific
railroad In honor of Admiral Dewey.
The exercises were opened by n short
address by Mayor Denney, followed by
leveral other prominent men of the
city, more notable among whom were
Hon. Samuel N. Bailey and E. H. Hen
haw, who delivered very appropriate
and patriotic addresses to suit the oc
casion. "The Star Spangled Banner"
wns then sung by a select choir, after
which "Old Glory" was raised amid
profound cheers nnd salutes were fired.
The exercises closed by a display of
fireworks from the roof of the round
house. The Buccess nnd pleasure of
the occasion were somewhat marred by
an extremely high wind.
In the district court at Falls City
the case of Gladwell agalnBt the city of
Falls City, upon motion of the defend
ant's counsel the court Instructed the
lur to return a verdict for the city
This was a suit brought by the ex
ecutor against the city to recover dam
ages for the negligent construction of
a bridge whereby young Gladwell lost
his life. The evidence tended to Bhow
that the plaintiff himself was negligent
In not using proper caution In ap
proaching the bridge. This ense will
no doubt be carried to the supreme
court. In the case of Mahoney against
the New York Mutual Life Insurance
company, which was tried Wednesday,
the court rendered a Judgment In fa
vor of the plaintiff. The suit was
brought to recover the payment of two
life insurance policies by the widow of
one Mahoney, who came to his death
by suicide.
General Manager BIdwelt of the Elk
horn speaks enthusiastically of the crop
prospects. During the last week corn
haB regained the time lost by the un
usually wet weather, and there Is more
of It "laid by" than at this date In pre
vious years, wMle a continuance of
the preserlt weather will put the en
tire corn crop further advanced at
July 4 than In any jrevious year. While
still too early to make predictions, all
Indications point strongly to a record
breaking year. That all previous wheat
crops will be far surpassed. Mr Bid
well states Is already an assured fact.
Thirty-three stations north of the Platte
reported to him an average Increase of
24 per cent, and thirty-four stations
south of the "Platte reported an In
crease of 30 per cent. The yield per
acre also, it Is confidently expected,
will be 20 per cent greater than last
year, and not only, Mr. Bldwell says,
has Nebraska the best crop outlook In
Its history, but also the most promis
ing future of any state east or west.
Oormany Has Four Warships at
Manila Undor Proteose of Pro
tecting a Handful of Hor Subjocts
Moans Mischief.
Washington D. C Special The ad
ministration Is fearful of German In
terference In the Philippines. Tho lack
of news from Dewey concerning the ar
rival of the first expedition .has caused
much unenslncBR. A cabinet officer,
In speaking of the situation, said:
"The situation of Admiral Dewey at
Manila affords us more worry, anxiety
nnd uneasiness than any other feature
Of tho war.
"Wo cannot but regard with suspicion
the constant augmentation of the Ger
man strength In the harbor of Manila.
The plea that German vessels are there
merely for the purpose of protecting
Gcrmnn citizens Is puerile. When It Is
considered that there are not more
than a score of German citizens In
Manila, the presence of five, or, ac
sordlng to some reports, seven, German
ships of war in the harbor Indicates
that Germany mAins mischief to the,
Interests of the United States In thw
Philippines. It Is true that the state
department has received the positive
assurance from the German govern
ment, both through its ambassador
here and through our own ambassador,
Mr. White, in Berlin, that she harbors
no ulterior purposes regarding the
Philippines. The state department Is
compelled to accept these assurances.
It cannot openly indicate Its doubt of
their sincerity. At the same time we
remember Instances where diplomatic
promises have been 'made only to bo
broken. ,
"We have not forgotten, for exam,
pie, the explicit statement made by tho
Husslan foreign minister to the British
ambassador at St. Petersburg that Port
Arthur would remain an open port, and
and how thnt promise was ruthlessly,
broken a few days afterward. Per
sonally, I would not believe at this
time of war the promise of any of the
continental diplomats. The only way to
meet their demonstrations Is to make a
display of force at least equal to
theirs. If they wanted to brenk their
promises we could then meet them on
equal terms.
"The president and all of us are anx
ious about the situation In the Philip
pines. We fenr that Intrigue and keen
European diplomacy may provoke com
ollcntlous with Agulnnldo and his In
surgents. We fenr that on some pre
text or another Germany will land
forces on the islands and will refuse
to withdraw them without Insisting
upon receiving compensation, perhaps
In the shape of a coaling and naval
station. We believe that we know that
Germnny Intends to seize one of the
Islnnds of the group as a base. We
hope, and have reason to believe, that
is soon as Germnny mnkes a move,
Drcot Britain will make a counter
demonstration. If Germany lands
troops we believe Englnnd will do so
Uso. If Germany Indicates an Inten
tion to seize an Island, we believe that
England will vigorously counsel her to
tbandon It.
"But we would feel less anxious If
tve could hear that our troops hod
landed or thnt Dewey's squadron hod
received Its reinforcements. As soon
is we take possession of Manila any ex
suse for German Interference will have
been removed. That Is the reason wo
were disappointed Monday when we
ienrd from Dewey, and learned that
jur troops had not nrrlved on the 23d.
"As I said before there is more onx
;ety In the cabinet about the situation
it Manila than about any other phase
.f the war. Agulnnldo will have to
earn that he Is only safe so long as hd
lies up to Dewey, but If Dewey's rein
forcements nre much longer delayed
he can hardly be blamed If he listens
to the blandishments or outers.
In ofllclnl circles the presence of the
Germnn fleet at Manila is regarded as
one of the most threatening and dan
gerous features of the war. The gen
eral Impression Is that Germany will
endeavor to form an alliance with the
nsurgents nnd encourage Aguinnmo io
e up nn independent government un
ler the protectorate of the powers.
The real motive for the presence of
the German fleet at Manila Is believed
to be but thinly disguised by the claim
hat the ships were assembled to pro.
tect German Interests.
Senator Prltchard said of the sltua
lon: "I do not believe that the end
nn rnmp. I would not be disposed to
question Germany's Intentions were It
not for the fact that she has so many
'vnrshlps at Manila. Tnc oiner nations
ire content with one or two vessels
there, but Germany has five or seven.
If she had not some ulterior motive
it view she would send a single ship.
H ho Germans nre Bhrewd, calculating
p ple. nnd the policy which their gov
rnment has outlined, some outcrop,
rings of which we see in this aggrega-
tion Ol WUrnilliB, id uuv . ""-- "
Senator Lodge, while admitting that
the situation Is full of interest, says
hut he does not believe Emperor II
llnm contemplates any hostile action at
Manila, for the reason that such a step
would compel an Anglo-American alli
ance by force of circumstances. He
cannot believe Germany would provoke
this alliance. ..-,,.,
"At the same time," added the sen
ntor. "If I were England. I would have
a strong naval force at Manila to pro
tect her Interests."
Cash Expended on the War So Far
Is $60,000,000.
Washington. D. C The statement of
government receipts nnd expenditures
shows that the receipts during the pres- ' has already passea an exceneiu emin
ent month will nggregate about $33,- inntlon.
5 SOoT TeSsTn! ' ouTopTa? SSff nTeSallar
cal3oKS.oooTShr.s ,U 'wv'tg?EtnA
be reported tomorrow morning In mall 1 100.000 oercoais can eiuenuy
received tonight. Receipts from cus- at leisure.
toms this month will be shown to be William Kearns was plowing corn In
about $14,500,000. a loss as compared his father's field near Blufton, O., when
with last June of nbout J7.000.000. The the Idea of going to war suddenly
collections from Internal revenue will struck him. Tying his team to a fence
show an Increase approximating $3,- he thereupon started for Lima, where
750.000. he enlisted in the Second Ohio volun-
For the entire fiscal year the re- teers.
celpts from customs will amount to a i To pr0vlde for a food supply In Ha
little less than $150,000,000, a loss as ' vana, Cuba, sweet potatoes, yams and
compared with the last fiscal year, 1897, ther roots and vegetables, it Is re
of ubout $26,500,000. The internal reve- ported, are being planted in large
nu receipts will amount to about $170,- quantities in the neighborhood of the
000,000, a gain of ri3.500.000. Up to this cty u j8 E0 easy to grow vegetables
time tlie actual cash expenditures on n Cuba, and they mature so rapidly
account of the war amount to about tnat jt will not be easy to starve the
JGO.000,000. Spaniards into submission.
Spanish Stoamer Loaded with Sup
plies Reaches Cuba.
Washington, D. C The Spanlsi
Btenmer Villa Verde, which loft Vers
Cruz, Mexico, on June 1C, bound osten
slbly for San Domingo, has succeeded
In running tho Cuban blockade nnC
landed a large cargo of supplies and
provisions on the Island. The fact
that the vessel waB preparing to sal
from a neutral port was known here
for fully a week before the steamer
left Vera Cruz, the matter having beer
reported to the Cuban legntlo nln thli
city. Scnor Quesada, the charge d'af
faires, reported the suspicions to the
wnr and navy departments.
In spite of.the vigilance of the block
ading fleet, It Is now positively known
that the Villa Verde landed its cargo
In Cuba. Captain Lerls, one of the
most able Spanish mariners In Mexico,
boarded the steamer ostensibly as a
passenger, but it Is now known that
he assumed charge of the blockade run
ner and that Captain Prcsas acted as
pilot. Indications are that the Villa
Verda landed her cargo either at Bata
bono or Ln Colma on the southern coast
of Cuba. It Is on this account that
President McKlnley Issued tho procla
mation extending the line of blockade.
In addition to the cargo the steamer
took on board at Vera Cruz, she Is be.
lleved to have received additional sup
plies for the Spanish winch had prevl
ously been sent to Myers Island oft the
const of Yucatan. Cuban agents report
that Spain has a considerable force of
agents at work constantly In Mexico
to secure aid for Spain, and arrange
ments have been made to equip block
ade runners as long as possible at Vera
Uncle Sam's Fleet to Sail at Once
For the Canaries.
Washington, D. C, June 30. Com
modore Watson's eastern squadron, or
ganized for an attack on the Spanish
coast, Is under orders to sail from the
West Indies for Spain at the earliest
possible moment. The secretary of the
navy Bald today that he had been ad
vised that Camara had paid the Suez
canal fees nnd that the presumption
was that the Spanish admiral would sail
for the Philippines.
Orders were sent this afternoon to
Admiral Sampson to hasten the depart
ure of Commodore Wntson. The con
solidation of Schley's ships with those
of Sampson Is taken aB an evidence
that Sampson will either go with Wat
son or will follow him with two bat
tleships and assume command In the
operations against Spain.
It Is calculated at the navy depart
ment that the Newatk, Watson's flag
ship, ought to reach Snntiago de Cuba
bv tomorrow at noon. The ships con'stl-
tutlng the eastern squadron have been
cleaning bottoms and provisioning, all
of which will be finished by the time
Wntson arrives.
It Is understood Watson has been
Instructed to make first a descent on
the Cnnnrles. The naval forces against
him there consist of four torpedo boats.
After disposing of them Watson will
then either continue the fight there
until the Islnnds are taken or transfpr
the scene of action to the Spanish pen
insula. WAR NEWS.
Madrid. The result of on Inquiry
which I have been making during the
last few days, Is that the war Is going
to last, and whatever may be the
peaceful Interventions of the govern
ment the popular sentiment does not
udnilt of the question of negotiations
for pence. The Idea of the American
fleet coming to bombard the Spanish
ports seems to have augmented the
war fever.
Washington, D C Spain Is trying
to use Venezuela as a base from which
to send supplies to Spaniards in Cuba.
A cablegram received at the state de
partment today from the American
minister to Venezuela announced thnt
the Spanish minister hud loaded two
schooners with provisions, wnose ui
leged destination wns one of the Dutch
West Indies, but whose real destina
tion Is believed to lie Cuba. Clearances
for thp ships have-been held up by tho
Venezuelan authorities because of the
protest made by the American consul
nnd an investigation Is now being
Washington. D. C Tons of mall mat
ter for the soldlcis and ballois operat
ing In Santiago province nnd with
Knmiison's fleet me stored at Tnmpa.
awaiting transportation. Arrangement?
have been made through the efforts
of Assistant Secretary Melklejohn by
which the transports- leaving Tampa
are to ship this mall matter as fast us
practicable. On reaching the headquar
ters of the army In Santiago province
the mall will be distributed In accord
ance with arrangements which may be
made unt'er the direction of the com
manding general. Four clerks have
been retnlned from the postotnee de
partment In connection with this serv
ice, nnd Judging from the amount of
letters nnd papers now at Tampa their
work promises to be rather a formid
able object.
For sending mall from Santiago to
the United States the military com
manders will avail themselves of the
use of the transports or other vessels
which may be leaving that section of
People who wish to get away from
the Fourth of July this year will have
to go a long way out to sea.
Mr. Walter Wellman's voyage In
search of the north pole is not a part
of th,e expansion policy of manifest des-
A canal connecting the Mediterranean
with the Red Sea existed as early as
600 years before the Christian era. Its
length was 92 miles.
In view of the prevalence of the influ
enza In Japan, It has been decreed that
every one who approaches the emperor
shall first take a bath to kill germs.
Youne Phil Sheridan will enter West
Point on the fiftieth anniversary to a
day ot tne entrance of his father. He
Could Smash Creator Now York In
Thlrtoon Minutes How tho Won
derful Craft Is Behaving In Cuban
Most spectacular of all the Incidents
of the war, since the battle of Manila,
were the performances of the dynamite
cruiser Vesuvius at Santiago a week
Mighty battleships have thundered
and roared at those defiant fortifica
tions of Spain for weeks past, till It
seemed that the whole earth resounded
to the din.
Then came a lull. In the dim dark
ness of enrly morning a slender, shark
like craft crept up toward the har
bor's mouth, under the very shadow
of frowning Morro Castle.
P-s-s-ugh, p-B-s-ugh, p-s-s-ugh,
comes like a convulsive cough from the
mysterious craft. A few seconds of
silence, and then come dull answering
sounds like great masses of water ris
ing and falling In a Niagara cataract.
Another second and the sky to the
northward over the land Is lit up for
an Instant as by a vast conflagration.
A low rumble' follows like an earth
quake. That Is all.
But it Is enough to set the whole
world talking and marveling, and to
set the Spanish nation trembling. For
those three dull reports In the gray of
early morning were the most fearful
shots ever fired In naval history.
They flung up the sea like subter
ranean volcanic explosions, and made
the earth gape open like craters'
In those nwful shots SpanlBh torpedo
boats that Sampson's and Schley's fleets
could not harm were" engulfed like
rowboals. Where the third shot struck
the earth the fortifications crumbled
like a house of cards, and nothing re
mained but a great cavernous opening
In the hillside, which could be seen by
our fleet miles away. In this way the
cruiser Vesuvius Inaugurated the war
of explosion and annihilation.
The missiles that started this new
kind of wurfare were aerial torpedoes,
and they were propelled by the simple
force of air. Each was loaded with
600 pounds of guncotton.
The Vesuvius crept up to within a
mile nnd a half of the shore. The ob
ject of her first two shots was to send
her torpedoes high Into the air to
clear the toweling headland nnd drop
locketllkv Into the bay beyond.
Their fuses were so timed that they
should not explode until the torpedoes
had teached the bottom of the harbor.
They would then heave up the waters
of the bay and destroy any vessels
within a radius of a hundred feet.
The comparative nolselessness of
these first two shots Indicates that
they went true to their mark. Humors
have come from Snntiago that two tor
pedo boats were wrecked by these air
line submarine explosions.
But the moral effect of those three
fateful shots Is greater than the physi
cal havoc they created.
The Spaniards were getting used to
the dally bombardment by the com
bined fleets and thought they could
stand off our naval forces Indefinitely.
Then came this new form of attack,
a hideous Inferno let loose In the dark
ness, shaking the earth to Its founda
tions and mnklng the sheltered Inner
harbor a graveyard of ships.
The performance of the Vesuvius was
a triumph of Yankee Ingenuity. But
there is another aspect to it. What
we have made others may imitate.
What If the Spaniards were to repeat
the same thing right In New York
harbor? There Is no length to which
desperation may not go.
Suppose Spain should stake all on
one daring blow of thlB kind. If she
were to equip one gunboat exactly like
the VesuvlUB and were to pick out the
one brave man ln her navy to try to
rival Hobson, there Is no telling what
might happen.
With all the patrolling fleet off Sandy
Hook, with all the threatenenlng guns
of Forts Hamilton and Wadsworth,
with all the mine fields ready to con
vert bay and narrows Into a vast
geyser basin of destruction, such an In
fernal craft might sneak up under cover
of darkness and take a position Just
below Liberty light.
Then with one slow swinging revolu
tion, like an ocean liner swinging out
Into the stream, she might In seven
minutes devastate all the shores of
New York harbor. Then In the dnrk
ness and confusion of a terror-stricken
city the same craft might disappear as
mysteriously as It came. ,
This Is not a fancy or Imagination. It
Is one of the possibilities opened up by
the Vesuvius kind of warfare.
What such a terrible engine could
actually do in New York harbor can be
most Impressively told In actual fig
ures. Taking a position Just below Bedlock's
Island, the shores of Bnyonne, Staten
Island and Jersey City would nil be
within the three-mile range of the de
stroyer's guns.
Thirteen discharges of her guns
could strew all these shores with deso
lation. And this Is exactly how It
could be done: Each torpedo, charged
with 500 pounds of guncotton or other
high explosive. Is capable of completely
shattering everything within a radius
of 300 feet of the striking point.
One such shot as that would anni
hilate the Standard Oil company's vast
works at Bayonne and set all of that
town aflame.
Another such shot would raze most of
the water front of Jersey City and put
that city in flnmes.
Two more shots falling in the sky
scraper district of New York would lay
n vnct nrcn In ruins And envelone all
of Lower New York in flames. A
double shot would do the same thing 'glass of wormwoou wine as a wnci uc-
for Brooklyn's business district Half' fore dinner, he being my very good
a dozen more shots would swing round 'friend, I stayed with him. upon which
the circle of Bay Ridge and Stnten he lighted a pipe of tobacco, which
island, enveloping all In flames nnd de- he was pretty long in taking, and not
vastatlon. being willing to leave him before It
This would not be war ln the sense was out. this determined me from go-
we have known it It would mean ex- ing to dinner to one Captain Roden s,
termineMon. But this Is Just what whither I was invited, whose house,
experts figure Is the logical outcome of upon the first concussion, sunk Into the
the Vesuvius' perfoimunce at San- earth and then Into the sea with his
tag0 wife and family and some that were
This craft, which Is now the most'eome to dine h him. Had I been
discussed warship in the world Is here 1, Jut to return
UUl U BlCIluei BUHUUUl uuui cikui -
pneumatic guns, They uie fixed and
ter and fifty-four feel long.
Out of these tubes are propelled by
pneumatic force aerial torpedoes four
teen and tnree-quarier incnes in amme
ter nnd seven feet long. To this tor
pedo Is fixed a spiral tall to give align
ment and rotation.
wi ji tnu .,.. i ....i.iii iin uu
Ufau. jiM.iriw..w - -.... --- ..,, J .ll, an1 mnv nrr ifnrlor TTV
ftV-iS P knots P ' feet, upon which I said untc Thlm: 'Lord',
tons; speed. 2. knots. 'wnat g tnat?. He repedi belnB a
Her armament consists of three ,,-. rnva man it i nn pnrthnuake.
brougnt noove me ueun m uu m.ib.c i . . nrpsl(pnt.s assurance he
rffle8 barrel X?SfVTS ' SK a'nT was nevehS o?
hfleev "smooh "tubeof't'hin8 ' -pin. Continuing the rector wr-te:
There Is little of poetry in war. Tht
gentle muses wing their flight befort
tho deafening ronr of cannon nnd th
rattle of musketry. The newspnpci
correspondents in southern waters arc
too busy with the stern realities which
confront them to pay much heed to
beauties which under other circum
stances might Inspire them to dainty
bits of descriptive writing.
To Illustrate my point, I shall quote
from a dispatch dated from Kingston,
,tf T.ncl .- hch reached New York last
Week. "For two days," writes this
i . .cepoimeiit, our Ulspatch boat has
been lying here In the beautiful har
bor of Kingston. Under the clear blue
water a few fathoms beneath her keel
sleeps the sunken city of Port Royal.
Not a stone's thtow from our boat a
red buoy marks the spot where the old
city's cathedral sank and where the
spire still reaches up nearly to the
That was all. That was the only ref.
erence to a subject rich in historical
lore and the possibilities of unwritten
romance. How little Is known of the
mysterious city beneath the waves of
Kingston harbor, a city which at dnce
suggests the hidden wonders of fabled
Atlantis, whldh Jules Verne has de
scribed with such a wealth of Imagery
In his "Twenty Thousand Leagues Un
der the Sea." But Atlantis was prob
ably a myth, while Port Hoyal is not.
The traveler who visits the capital
of Jamaica should Dray for clear weath-
'er, without wind. When the water of
the harbor is ruffled by breezes tne niu.
den city is obscured' from view. But
on a cloudless, still day, when the sur
face of the sea 1b perfectly smooth,
the ruins of the phantom city may be
plainly seen even in the depths of the
transparent water.
The spire of the old cathedral Is tha
most prominent object. In the clear
water you can see the fishes, lazily
swimming ln and out among the ruined
turrets, more suggestive of owls and
bats than of the finny Inhabitants of
the sea. Occasionally glimpses can be
had of the ruins of other buildings
buildings which for more than two cen
turies have kept their ghastly secrets
and will keep them until the end of
Down there, ln that peaceful depth,
He the bones of three thousand men,
women and children, carried down Into
the sea with their homes on that awful
June day in 1CD2. An earthquake, sud
denly and without warning, smote the
profligate city of Port Royal, which slid
Into the sea. The waters opened nnd
swallowed It up, and there, beneath the
silent waves, was hidden the wicked
ness and debauchery of a community
described by historians as being al
most without parallel.
The survivors said it was the ven
geance of God. and likened It to the de
struction of Sodom and Gomorrah. And
in very truth the history of the city
seems to show the unceasing wrath of
divine power. From the richest city
of its time It has dwindled Into Insig
nificance, until now It s a most wretch
ed place, used only as a naval station.
Disaster after disaster has overtaken it.
After the earthquake the town was
rebuilt, only to be completely destroy
ed by fire ln 1703. On August 22, 1722, It
was swept Into the sea by a hurricane.
It was once more reconstructed, but
again, in 1815, it was reduced to ashes,
and as recently ns 18S0 It was visited
by another hurricane. Every disaster
was attended by great loss of life.
The city of Port Royal was originally
built upon a narrow strip of land ex
tending out Into the sen, which ac
counts for Its strange disappearance
at the time of the earthquake. Like
the house of the foolish man of Biblical
lore, which was bullded upon the sand,
It literally slid into the sea when the
earthquake came.
Previous to that fateful seventh day
of June.1622.Port Royal had been known
as "the finest town in the West Indies,
and the richest spot In the world." It
was, as it now it, a British colony, but
there was little either in its govern
ment or its customs, of British mor
ality. We are told that It was a place
of luxurious debauchery; that in their
excesses the colonists rivalled the prof
ligates of ancient Rome.
Buccaneering and piracy were recog
nized Industries. The treasure ships of
Spain were legitimate prey. The riches
of Mexico and Peru were levied upon.
and the people of Jamaica were liter
ally rolling in wealth and splendor.
Vice and debauchery held sway. Bac
chanalian revels which might put to
shnme the dwellers ln the Orient were
of nightly occurrence. There was no
And like the crack of doom came tho
earthquake. The thunder of the ele
ments sounded ln the ears of the
heedless revellers. The earth opened
In great fissures, and closed again like
the Jaws of a mighty trap. And In
closing it gripped many of Its victims
In the middle, leaving their hands
above ground. Then enme the awful
sliding, grinding noise, as the city,
built upon its foundation of sand, sank
into the caressing embrnce of the sea,
which forever closed upon its wicked
ness and will forever keep its dread se
crets. The shock came close on to midday.
The air was hot and sultry. The sky
was without a cloud. A great stillness
seemed to hover over the city, and
then, without warning, the earth
trembled. Men and women left their
houses and ran Into the streets, only
to meet death In the bowels of (he
earth or In the hidden recesses of the
In his "Annals of Jamaica," published
In 182S, Rev. George Wilson Bridges
quotes from n letter written by one
of the survivors a rector two or thrcp
days after the disaster, which Is, In
part, as follows:
"After I had been at church reading,
which I did every dny since I was rec
tor of this place, to keep up some show
of religion, and was gone to a place
hard by the church where the 'mer
chants meet, and where the president
of the council was, who came into my
I company and engaged me to take a
. ,,,- ,,, ,,. .,. T fminrl tho
Be not arraia it wm soon be over"
tnere 8ecurest fr0m
.... ,,, hnt n I was eo nir I
i Baw the earth open and 8Wailow up a
multitude of people, and the sea
mounting in upon them over the forti
fications. Moreover, the large and fa
mous burying ground was destroyed,
and the sea washed away the carcass.
Tho Pressure from tho Common
People hap Given to the Wnr all
ItsQood Features In Splto of tho
Money Power.
A friend of the writer who Is, per
haps, as familiar as any man in Wash
ington with what is transpiring in con-
gress, and with the feelings of indi
vidual members, n few days ago used?
the following significant language: "I
have been a lifelong republican, be
lieving ln ItB principles, helping to fight
its battles, and looking with intense
disfavor upon everything In American,
politics that did not bear the distinc
tive brand of republicanism. But T
must confess that upon every point
Involved in this trouble with Spain, thej
democrats and silver republicans ana
populists have conducted themselves
most admirably. Better by' far than a
majority of the republicans ln either
housD. Especially I may say, better
than the recognized leaders of the re
publicans either In congress or the ex-i
ecutive branch of the government. Tha
president has done literally nothing;
on behalf of Cuban Independence, ana
nothing which even squinted in the di
rection of securing Just reparation fori
the destruction of the Maine and tho
cold blooded, brutal murder of more
than two-thirds of her crew. Every;
step that he has taken, every word
that he has uttered, which has beea
suggestive of vindicating the honor oC
the country nnd establishing a freq
government In Cuba, has been actu
ally forced upon him by the upheaving
tide of public sentiment. In fact, when
his actions are closely analyzed, It Is
sen that he has really done nothing:
of his own volition on either score. Ho
practically gave away the Maine case
by throwing himself upon the "honor
of Spain," while neither ln his diplo
matic correspondence with that coun
try, nor In his message to congress has
he ever even mentioned Cuban Inde
pendence, except to oppose It. Tha
war which Is now on, 1b not his policy,
but one which congress has forced;
upon him. There Is no denial of tha
fact that when his message asking to
be authorized to Intervene was sent to
congress, It fell like a wet blanket upon,
many of the republican members. They;
had been chafiing and threatening for
weeks, nnd had only been kept from
open revolt through fear of losing
caste with the administration, Reed,
Dlngley, etc., coupled with the prom
ise that the president would do the
right thing nt the proper time. The
message fell so palpably shott of their
expectations that the disappointment
was intense. A resolution In line with
Mr. McKlnley's recommendation could
never have passed through the house.
The constituents of the membeis were
clamoting for Cuban independence, and
some of them were even more nfrald of
their constituents than they were ot
Speaker eed. Hence the house reso
lution had to demand thnt the people oC
Cuba be given n free and Independent
government, but It at the same timo
gave the president full power to de
termine what should be such a gov
ernment, nlthough he had repeatedly
declared that they were not entitled
to an Independent government of any
kind. There can be no doubt that a
strong and vigorous policy by the ad
ministration would have been extreme
ly popular with the American people. Iti
would also have been in accordance
with the dictates of both Justice and;
humanity. That Mr. McKinley has not
adopted such a policy can be described
to nothing but the sinister motives or
influences of those men who for spe
cial reasons of their own did not want
a war under any circumstances for
any cause, and they were determined
not to have one if it could be avoided
In any way. The opposition in pon
gress had sense enough to know that
if the administration fought a success
ful war with Spain it would be greatly
strengthened. Therefore, had the dem
ocrats, populists and silver republicans
been actuated by a mere deslie foi
partlsan ndvantage they would have
at least kept still nnd allowed Mr. Mc
Klnley to go on with a policy which was
certain to make a wide breach ln the
republlcan ranks, and probably wreck
it In the next campaign. They could
easily have done this. But instead
thev have pursued an honorable, con
sistent and patriotic course through
out. They have from the first advo
cated n genuine American policy, with
out the slightest attempt to play for
partv advantage. Tlie same cannot
be fairlv said of the republican leaders,
however patriotic the masses may be.
With only two or three notable ex
ceptions In the senate, the republicans
(those who sympathized with Cuba, r
mean) have been absolutely afraid to
make a move in antagonism to the ad
ministration, lest some party advan
tage might be sacrificed. Besides this.
It is notorious that almost the entire
anti-Cuban and pro-Spanish sentiment
In congress has been ln the republican
party. Of the 21 votes cast against the
senate resolution recognizing the re
public of Cuba. 19 were cast by repub
licans. Including in those 19 were all
the recognized leaders of the repub
lican party In the senate, and Mr Mc
Klnley's closest friends and advisers.
Why was this? It was not because
republicans ns a body were opposed
to fret government and unwilling to
defend our national honor It was
simply because certain classes of mon
eyed men were opposed to the freedom
and Independence of Cuba for financial
reasons. These men control the ac
tions of the republican lenders, or at
least exert very great Influence with
them. Hence the republican party was
held in leash until the pressure from
the common people beenme too strontr
to be longer resisted. But these lead
ers vielded unwillingly and went no
farther than they were compelled to
Their manifest purpose was to pass u
resolution which would sound well and
thus satisfy the clamor of our people,
while at the same time Mr. McKlnlev
would be left free to settle the matter
os the moneyed classes referred to
might dictate. The republicans- course
in framing the war revenue bill Is open
to the severest censure. The bill
should have been constructed on stilct
non-partisan lnes. so as to bring nil
parties to Its cordial support. Instead
the republican members of the ways
nnd means committee went off by them
selves and mnde up a bill of the most
rigid partisan character, embodjing
features In the highest degree obnox
ious to democrats, populists and silver
republicans. The latter were then
told that this was "the bill agreed upon.
If you don't swnllow It, bonds and all.
you are unpatriotic men, because this
is a war measure. This was a narrow,
selfish and even contemptible policy.
After their magnificent action In voting
$50,000,000 into the president's hands to
use as he pieasea tor war purposes, u
thing unprecendented In our history,
they were entitled to better treatment.
I "am ashamed of the whole business."