Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190?, July 01, 1898, Image 6

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A Simple Statement Why Bonds. Instead of Being a Necessity are a
Public Crime Almost any Ordinary, Intelligent American Citizen
Can See How a Clique of Bhylooke Propose to "Hold Up" Our
Own Country.
1 I I I !
The objectionable feature of this bill
is the Issuance of long-time bonds,
which I regard as entirely unnecessary
and ns a departure from the traditions
of the country from the foundation of
the government.
For all the time previous to 1862, when
emergencies of this character arose,
auch as the war of 1812 and the Mexican
war, short-time bonds, running usually
for one year, called treasury notes
were Issued. They were not bonds
but they were treasury notes drawlni
a. low rate of Interest, and were re
celvable for government dues. The)
i-rivuuic mr government uues. incj
were convenient to be used In the pay-
ment of taxes, and kept the United
States out of debt.
When the civil war broke out we
had the treasury notes under the law
as It then stood. Such notes were first
used. Finally there was issued legal
tender money, the greenbacks, but there
were no long-time bonds Issued; they
were all short-time bonds, and were
under the control of the government,
to be funded or disposed of an it pleased
at the option of the government when
the war closed.
No system of long-time bonds or In
debtedness grew up during the war.
After the war closed, the clamor was
to strengthen the public credit, and
the mode of strengthening It was to
Increase the Interest-bearing obliga
tions. Long-time bonds were issued un
der the act of July 14, 1870, but they
were largely retired. Previous to the
extra session of 1893 there had been
retired 17,000,000 of these bonds. The
government paid them off, and contin.
ued to pay them off, as long a the
circulating medium was sufficiently
great to stimulate production and
create business to be taxed.
If the debt had been paid off at the
same rate for the last five years as it
was for the five years previous to the
repeal of the purchasing clause of the
Sherman act, we would now have no
national debt. The debt was paid olf
for the five years preceding 1893 at the
rate of over $112,000,000 a year, if the
conditions had continued as they then
were, we should have had no deot
Since the repeal of that act and the
putting out of no more new money we
huve been 'ncrcaslng our public In
debtedness about 160,000,000 a year. It
is now proposed to add $500,0o;,ii'.) to
the bonded debt. The hundred million
-of short-time bonds, redeemable ut the
option of the government, will remain
a permanent loan. No goldlte secre
tary of the treasury will be likely to
redeem them.
The bonded Indebtedness will be
raised by this scheme to about thirteen
hundred or fourteen hundred million
dollars, which, measured by the burden
of labor requirt-d to pay It, will be
much larger than uny debt ever sad
dled upon the country and will be much
larger than the debt was when the
war closed. It appears to be the de
sign or determination to depart from
the traditions established by Madison
and followed until the civil war und
to repudiate the traditions of Lincoln's
administration when greenbacks and
short-time bonds were in9iied to avoid
the establishment of a permanent debt.
What are the Influences demanding
n permanent debt? Fortunately, under
the present system this permanent deb.
enables bankers to Invest their money
at a late of fully 20 per cent per annum,
This offers them 20 per cent per annum
Interest. Yuu may ask lien- l muke
that out.
A bank deposits $100,000 of 3 per cent
bonds and receives from the United
States $90,000 of government money
called nationul bank circulation Ten
thousand Is the full extent of the In
vestment of the bank. The government
pays $3,000 Intel est on the bonds, from
which must be deducted 1 per cent on
the $90,000 of circulation, which Is $900.
The department churges would b? about
$100, which must be added to the $900
tnx. making $1,000. The $1,000 deducted
from the $3,000 Interest leaves $2,000 as
the net return for the investment of
$10,000, which Is 20 per cent on the
money invested. The government pays
this Interest semiannually and the bank
used the $90,000 received from the gov
ernment In Its business.
For wKut riason does "the United
States pay bankers 20 per cent per an
num for the use of their money? Is
it because government money given to
banks und Issued directly by the gov
ernment? This appears to be the ex
cuse for the swindle. It Is proposed by
Mr. Gage to give back to the banks
the entire cost of the bonds deposited,
dollar for dollar. In that case the
bunks will receive from the government
$100,000 for which they will pay no con
sideration whatever except the bank
tax, which under the law as It now
stands, is 1 per cent, but which Mr.
Gage proposes to reduce to one-fourth
of 1 per cent. If Mr. Gage's recom
mendatlonB are adopted, the govern
ment will loan money to banks for
one-fourth of 1 per cent and Issue bonds
to borrow money at 3 per cent. It may
be very good for the banks, but It Is
bad for the people.
Is It to be wondered at that there
should be a special effort, a strong
lobby, to get out bonds? You say that
the government may Issue bonds under
existing law. Why not use those bonds?
Because It requires a large Invest
ment. Those bonds are worth 120, and
then you have to Invest $30,000 to get
$90,000 of circulation. They want bet
ter terms. If they can get bonds at
par and receive currency dollar for
dollar, they have no Investment. Their
$100,000 of currency Is net profit, less
one-fourth per cent, the proposed tax.
That makes a powerful Inlluence to
perpetuate the national debt.
It Is said that we canot afford to do
that, to give them this money without
charge, issue the full amount and re
lleve them from taxation, give them
the circulation without drawback
"Why? Because we need 4he money,
and they say their money Is so much
better than I'nlted States money; that
they can well afford to make the sacri
fice. It seems strange that If the
United States Itsucs money and gives
It to the banks that such money should
be any better money than Is Issued
directly by the United States. If any.
body can explain why it is, I should
Ilka to know. I should like to know $
why It would not be Just as Rood
money If the bonds were deposited In
to give the money away to the bonks.
The reason why this pressure Is
brought upon congress Is the vast spec
ulation of the banks. They are de
termined, according to the plan put
forward In Indianapolis and In BaltU
more and by the secretary of the
;rcasury, to have the privilege of re
viving from the government money as
i donation without cost. There are
learly 4,000 national banks. They are
.:...: i. i . c. V
, """' e ?cer" of .thc"e bnk"
meet every man who goes to the bank
for accommodation. They bring their
power to bear upon their customers.
They control votes everywhere, and
that is why we aFe departing from the
teachings of the fathers, departing
from the customs of the better days of
the republic. That is why we are
building an enormous national debt.
The Increase of taxation now neces
sary for this war and the increased ex
penditures ut home and abroad require
a larger circulation. If we hold the
possessions which we are acquiring, we
population in the next year. Money will
population I tithe next year. Money will
be required there, and more moni,
ought to be Issued. We proposed to use
the $42,000,OCO of seigniorage which Is
lying idly In the treasury, but that Is
not granted to us. That cannot be
used. It must lie Idle and we must
borrow money and pay Interest on It.
There is no reason assigned for It.
It Is true that the committee has re
ported In favor of coining $1,500,000 of
silver a month, when the secretary
might coin under the present law, If
he wanted to, four times that amount.
It Is, however, un answer to his sug
gestion to sell the bullion at auction.
The secretary has made the world be
lieve he was going to put it on the
market and sell it at auction.
The coinage required by the bill is a
little damped on that scheme. It Is
to be coined Into dollars, and it will
prevent him from attempting to coin
It Into something else. It Is a little
check on the wild schemes of the en
thusiastic goldlte who presides over
the treasury department. That is all.
It Is not half what he ought to do it
he would do his duty in this emergency.
He should be in favor of availing him
self of the $42,000,000. It Is the beat
money they have, better than gold. Sll.
ver certificates are better than gold.
Money is useful In proportion to the
functions It will perform. If It will
perform all the funcilon of money, it
Is useful. What more faithful money
exists in this country than the silver
certificates? One-half of your whole
business is done by them. Go anywhere
and you wP' find them circulating from
hand to hu'J. You will find them in
the banks. They are not hiding awuy.
They have much better habits than
gold. Gold Is a natural traitor, and
always was. Whenever theie Is a
struggle, It goes abroad and becomes
Impounded under foreign mint laws..
You have to Issue bonds to redeem
the traitor and bring It back. Gold has.
never rought a battle. It Is the specu
lator's money. It does not serve to cir
culate among the people and it never
We are willing that the rich shall
have their kind of money for specula
tion If they will ullow the poor to have
money that circulates. That Is all we
ask. We do not propose to deirionltlze
gold. We are willing that the specula
tors shall have gold. Nobody else ever
used It. It has alwnys been used foi
speculative purposes. It has left every
country In time of war, and li will con
tinue to do so. But the habits of silver
certificates are excellent. My friend Is
laughjng at me, but he does all hla
marketing and his business with them.
All of us do. You do not handle gold.
It is no good for any purpose except
speculative purposes.
In the last year of the late war the
internal revenue tax on the business
or the country raised $300,000,000. That
was when we had 20,000.000 population.
You cannot levy that amount of tax
on 70.000.000 people without causing uni
versal distress. Our people today can
not pay as much Internal revenue taxes
with the same ease as 20,000,000 In the
north could pay during the war, be
cause you have not got money to pay
It with. You will find It everywhere
In business. It will be a great annoy
ance. Money will be scarce. Times
will be hard. It may be that the na
tional banks will take up some of these
bonds and give us some money; prob
ably they will. They will not, however.
If the scheme spoken of here of the
bonds being taken by the people la
Murderer Wants to Fight Dons.
Charles Brown, "the Wandering Jew
of the North Woods," has come out of
his ten years' hiding to volunteer In
the Spanish war.
Brown was one of the best-known
guides In the northern woods. June 3,
1888, he wantonly shot and killed Geo.
Berkeley, who kept a hotel at Sarunao
Lake, N. Y. Brown had been put out
the night before. He came around and
demanded liquor. Berkeley refused
him. Brown took deliberate aim and
fired. Indicting a fatal wound.
Brown swung his rlfie over his shoul
der and plunged Into the wilderness.
Attempts to catch him were futile
and only at Intervals was he heard of.
Several months ago the report came
that he had died at a camp on the
Upper Ottawa.
But he was alive. He heard that Ver
planck Colvln was recruiting a battal
ion of Adirondack guides for service In
One evening soon after dark, n
bronzed and bearded woodman, with
a rifle over his shoulder and two re
volvers In his belt, strayed Into a camp
of bark peelers between Benson's mines
and Star lake.
The stranger's heavy beard did not
conceal a scar on his lower lip made
by the knife slash of a Canadian river-
man years ago, George Forest recog. 1
nized him "aiioV tried to communicate
the fact to Theodore La Duke. i
Brown noticed It and put out his
hand, I
"Yes," he said, "I am Brown, the
man who shot Berkeley. Shake.' '
He said he had delirium tremens
when he bhot Berkeley. He was going
to a lawyer In Utlca, whose life he had
once saved, to net him tn lntrnri fnr
a pardon, eo that he could join Colvln.
Address of C. J. Symth on Nebras
ka Day at Exposition.
Mr. President, Ladles nnd Gentlemen
This Is Nebraska's day! It Is on this
day that we may sound the praises of
our grnnd commonwealth. She bids her
sons do this, not In a spirit of vanity
but that she may be known as she Is,
Not one Jot or tittle would she take
from the glory of her slstpr ntntp. hn
have come here to display In these
bullldlngs and upon these grounds the
evidences of their growth, their wealth
and their enterprise.
With delight will Bhe' listen when they
tell o fthelr resources and their tri
umphs. To them she extends that wel
come which becomes a generous,
broad-minded and truly Amerlrnn mm.
monwealth; and to none will she yield
In admiration of their greatness
If we would understand Nebraska as
she Is, the work of her sons In bring
ing her to her present condition and the
probabilities of her future we must look
bnck and contemplate, If only for n
moment, the small beginnings from
which she sprang.
In 1834 the congress of the United
States denominated the territory of
which she was then a part as "The
Indian Country." It was, In fact, at
that time the country of thp nv
The white man had no dominion there
in, mm me sweet word "home" was
without n meaning on all Its broad
prairies. Less than fifty years ago the
Maha Indians held tliip tn ttu in,i
which we stand, nnd the entire white
population at that time In this vast ter
ritory did not exceed r.,000 souls. Ne
braska's fields were then untitled, her
orchards had not been planted, no city,
or town, or village, could be 'ound
within her borders. So near Is her then
condition lo the present that It is with
in the memory of many who have this
day come within the gates of this beau
tiful place dedicated to art and progres
enlightenment and culture.
Not many years after the Omaha
ceded their title to this territory to the
United Stales, Nebraska's pioneers
came ond commenced the work of horn
building and slate buildini?. The finv.
of the freighters followed: the Union
Pnclflc was projected and finished; the
ox team gave way to the freight train;
the prairie schooner to the unholstpreii
car, and thus has the evolution went on
until within the short span of forty-flv
years It has culmnlnted In the palaces
of art that lift their classic outlines
within the walls of this exposition. Mar
vellous haB been the progress. Re
markable must be the people who
brought it about. Forty-five years ago
a wilderness, today a garden of beauty
and of plenty. Forty-five years ago the
hunting ground of the savage, todav
ten millions of cultivated acres anil
prettier and richer fields never delight
ed the human vision. Cities and townii
that tell of refinement anil nrnnnprliv.
of Independence nnd happiness, arise on
every nand. Twelve hundred thousand
people have their homes within her bor
ders, enjoy her beauty, and love her
for what she Is.
The surplus products or her farmn
last year that Is the products she wan
able to send to market were worth
over $65,000,000. She has over 3.000 fac
tories with a capita Invested of $40.-
roo.ooo. These factories nay yearly mori?
than 313,000.000 In wanes, and Hip vnliw.
of their output Is nearly $95,000,000 an.
nunlly. Here on the border of her chief
city are located packing houses which
bring Nebraska near to the second
packing center of the world. These
houses have the enormous 'slaughtvr
Ing capacity of 8,000 cattle. 25,000 hogs
and 8.000 sheep per day. In this one
line of manufacturing alone. 7.000 men
are employed. From South Omaha are
shipped to every part of the habitable
glnhe, beef and pork nnd other pro
ducts. Fourteen lines of rnllwny hav
ing n mileage of 4.730 miles, carry Ne
braska's commerce. These ronds art'
equlpppd with all modern Improve
ments, and pay over $8,000,000 yearly In
wages. Nebraska's bonded debt Is less
than n quarter of a million, orfrbout 24
cents per capita, while the least her
surrounding states can show is $3.85
per capita. In the salubrlousness of her
climate Nebraskaj excels nil others.
Omaha, her chief city, Is the most
healthful city of 100,000 Inhabitants In
the union. Within Nebraska's borders
Is located the center of the nation, and
we expect that one day will be estab
lished here the capital of the republic.
This is but a glimpse of Nebraska as
she Is materially; how Is she In those
departments of activity which develop
the higher nature of man. which refinen
his thoughts and makes him a force In
the dominion of taste nnd Intellect? Six
universities, 29 colleges, 17 academies.
6,690 common schools nnd 75 private
schoQlB educate 360,000 of her sons and
Many has she among her citizens who
have won fame at the bar, In the
council rooms of the nation, and In
every forum of debate. The logic and
learning of one have Impressed them
selves permanently upon that great tri
bunal, the supreme court of the United
States, while the eloquence of another
held echo mute, revived oratory In the
nation and compelled the admiration of
the world.
This is Nebraska's day, and this ex
position Is her palace. As she steps to
the main entrance thereof to welcome
her guests of the Trans-Mlsslsslppl re
gion notice the Inscription on her shield.
It Illustrates the fact that she has the
lowest rate of Illiteracy of all the states
of this union. The national gorern
ment has placed her percentage at 3 11.
On her right stands her younger sister
Wyoming, and on her left her older sis
ter. Iowa. No state, no principality, no
kingdom, no empire, possesses so small
a rate of Illiteracy as Nebraska. The
ancients had their scholars, their ora
tors, their libraries and their law giv
ers. England has her leaders of
thought, Germany her philosophers and
France her academicians. From all
these sources there went out, and still
go out, great lights Illuminating the
paths that lead to knowledge. Nebras
ka has all these. But she has more.
At the bench. In the trench, on the lo.
coinotlve and between the plow handles.
Intelligence rules the hour. Enlighten
ed thought sits at every board, and
Illiteracy Is a curiosity.
How appropriate then that the rep
resentatives of this Trans-Mlsslsslppl
region should select this state as the
place wherein to exhibit to the world
their best specimens of the triumph of
mind over matter. And what sped
mens they are! From the rough wood.
;the sand, the lime, and other materials
no more Inviting to the eye. these build
ings and grounds have been fashioned.
Intelligence, taste, knowledge, all have
reached their highest expression In the
work. If you would see a picture as
beautiful as ever man created, contem
plate the Grand Court when illuminated
at, night. Go Into the buildings, look
at the evidence there of what man has
done, and then say. If you will, that
his achievements In the Trans-Mlsslsslppl
country have not been surpass
ingly great. But do not be surprised,
for In this region we possess the best
blood and brains of our country. From
the east, from every nation under the
sun, have come to us energy, Inde
pendence of character, and Irresistible
progressiveness that knows no halt
until it reaches its goal or the grave.
From what race sprung those men? The
Anglo-Saxon Thoe who weep becaust
we have not lords, and castles, and
crests, and other evidences of barbar
ism, answer "yes." Men who deal In
facts and not fancies, answer "no'
Read the ames of those who perished
with the Maine, who supported the Im
mortal Dewey, or who went Into thi
Jaws of death with the heroic Hnbsnn
Were they all Anglo-Saxon7 Who will
say so? Truth declares that many
races were represented there. Th
Dane and the English, the German and
the Irish. Shoulder to shoulder they
stood behind the guns of their adopted
country, offered their lives on her al
tars, and thanked God that they were
Americans. Ihe best race that ever
blessed the enrth, the combination of
all that Is good In all the races of the
Today Nebraska sends greetings to
the oppressed of every race, and of
every clime. To all. no matter of what
race they come, who have energy, In
telligence nnd Industry, coupled with a
love of freedom, she opens wide her
gates and bids them welcome. Here
under Ihe blessings cf our free Insti
tutions, nnd breathing the air of the
most healthful climate In the world,
they will have t.ielr energy stimulated,
their Industry rewarded, and their lib
erty protected.
It was Cicero who said that "the con.
templation of celestial things would
make n man both speak and think more
sublimely and magnificently when he
descends to humnn affairs." This le.but
one of the many truths spoken by that
splendid pagan. Within the walls of
the exposition we may not contemplate
celestial things, but we may contem
plate In the chaste architecture of the
structures, In the splendor of the court
at night, In the specimens of each de
partment within the buildings. In the
music of the orchestras nnd the songs
of the choruses that which lifts the
mind and expands the soul. From such
contemplation no one can pass without
carrying with him ennobling effects.
This exposition, conceived, planned
nnd completed by Nebra?knns. Is a
great university In which we may all
he students, no matter what our con
dition or our age. Here art spread
her treasures before the eyes of all.
Here burns the torch of knowledge.
Here science unlocks the secrets of na
ture. Herp all unite to make man bet
ter and bring him nearer the infinite
Ideal. We marvel at the products of
our soil nnd applaud the genius of our
people, but In everything we see the
finger of destiny, nnd realize that "God
stands within the shadow keeping
watch above his own."
Quaint Pomp and Ceremony of the
Romany Tribe.
With much quaint pomp and cere
mony, and In the presence of a vast
concourse of spectators, a Gypsy King
was crowned yesterday on Kirk Yet
holm green.
The chosen of the Romany tribe Is
named Charles Blythe Rutherford. He
has passed the age of three score and
ten, and besides being crowned king
his Gypsy subjects also proclaimed him
earl of Little Egypt, says the London
Prince Charlie, as he Is familiarly
termed. Is a fine specimen of manhood.
It Is years since he gave up the roving
habits of hie tribe ond devoted himself
to the more prosaic occupation of
keeping a lodging house In the village
of Kirk Yetholm, but his admirers
proudly proclaim that he Is descended
from the rriyal Gypsy house of Faa
Blythe and Rutherford.
Charles Blythe Rutherford's mother
was Queen Etether. the lust Gypsy
sovereign crowned at Yetholm. Esther
does not appear to have been too hcav,
lly endowed with this world's goods,
seeing that she applied for parish re
lief and was refused on the ground
that she had visible means of support
as a "mugger" that is to pay, she poa.
sessed a horse and cart to convey her
mugs to the customers who patronized
The Gypsy queen was offered admis.
slon to the poorhouse. but refused, and
lived In until 1883 In her own "palace,"
a low, one-storied, whitewashed cottage
with an open hearth fire, the smoke
from which passed out through a hole
In the roof. Quite recently Charles
himself removed into this "palace,"
the lodging house not having proved a
lucrative Investment.
The "Archbishop of Yetholm." .who
plnced the crown on the Romany mon.
arch's brow, was Mr. Gladstone, the
village blacksmith, whose father
crowned Prince Charlie's mother, and
whose family are said to possess the
hereditary privilege of crowning the
Gypsy sovereigns. The crown Itself
was made of tin, adorned with tinsel
nnd surmounted by a thistle, and the
archbishop, In performing the coro
nation ceremony, delivered a speech In
the Romany tongue. After Prince
Charlie had duly responded, a proces
slon was formed. In which mounted
men, a brass band, a mace bearer and
herald preceded the royal carriage,
drawn by six asses, and after the
neighboring villages had been visited
the proceedings wound up with ath
letic sports, a public dinner nnd a
It Is, of course, in Its associations
with the past that the interest of yes.
terday's ceremony life. The Faas.
from whom Prince Charlie is descend,
ed, claimed that their name was a
contraction of Pharaoh, and asserted
that they were once connected by blood
with the ancient kings of Egypt. So
far back as 1540 James V. of Scotland
made a treaty with "Johonne Faw,
Lord and Erie of Little Egypt," ac
knowledging his kingship and giving
hjm the right to administer law to and
Inflict punishment on his fellow Egyp
tians. Not long afterward, however.
James changed his attitude, and Issued
an order commanding his loyal sub
jects whenever they found three Gyp.
sles together to slay two of them with,
out mercyl James VIi endeavored
vainly to exterminate the rare, but the
advance of modern civilization has don
what succeeding monarchs vainly at
tempted to accomplish.
It may sound strange, but In many
cases when the army officer of today on
active service In the field goes up to
the commissary at the end of the week
or the month to settle for the food he
has bought he simply gives that official
a check on his bank. Money Is. Indeed,
often seen In the field the privates
practically always take spot cash when
the paymaster comes around but the
officer very frequently lits his salary
deposited at once by the government In
his own private bank and draws against
It while In the field, sending checks
home to his famlly'for their subsistence
with monthly regularity. The officer in
battle with his check book In bis blouse
Is no uncommon thing.
An "emergency ration," a title which
tells Its own story, has been adopted
by the United States army after care
ful experiment. This Includes one
pound of hard bread, ten ounces bacon,
four ounces pea meal for soup, tm
ounces coffee, four grains saccharae,
one-half ounce fait and one-half ouac
of tobacco.
An Attempt to Commit Such Political Treason would Result In Failure
or a New Party with Bryan and His Co-workers In Charge.
A recent Issue of the Washington
Post devotes nearly a column to an ac
count of some talk among Bo-called
democratic leaders wjth reference to
the advisability of modifying the post-
tlon of the party on the silver Issue so
as to win back the goW democrats. It
Is said that this, of course, Involves
the displacing of Chairman Jones dt
the national committee, and the selec
tion of some other thnn Mr. Bryan as
a presidential candidate. Of course, we
do not know what alleged leaders have
Indulged In any such gibbering Idiocy.
We Imagine that any talk of the kind
has been very guarded, and that few
democrats. If any, in good standing,
have actually suggested such a course.
We have, though, an exceedingly clear
Idea of what the result would be. In
the first place, the democratic uartv
wouia instantly lose the support of at
least 1,500,000 populists and fully 600,000
silver republicans, 2,000,000 In all. Great
leadership that would be I Perhaps
those who are contemplating this stra
tegic movement can figure out where
the democratic party could get the
necessary votes to make good this loss.
but we doubt It. This, however, Is not
all. The principle of monetary reform
as laid down in the Chilcago plutform
has taken a firm hold of the democrat
ic masses as well as the ablest and
most reliable of Its leaders. Any mater
ial departure from the doctrine of that
platform would disrupt the American
party and cailse It the loss of three
votes for every gold democrat who was
conciliated. The outcome would be
What It Means to Our Peace and
As If the United States, with seventy
million people and vast resources, were
not a match for bankrupt and beggar,
ed Spain, a country with less available
wealth than the single state of Mis-
souri, our Toiles and Hannacrats are'English socialist, Sidney Webb, who has
proposing "an Anglo-American ulll
ance" with the Tories and plutocrats
of England. If the time ever comes
when the people of America can Join
those of England In putting down plu
tocracy and Toryism, we may be glad to
do so. But until then, we will follow
the advice of Washington and Jeffer
son, and preserve the Independence of
the United States. Nothing could bt
more shameful than an alliance be
tween American and English pluto
crats, who are worse oppressors thai,
the Spanish nobles, because they art
more cunning In devising sclenttfu
methods of fraud and extortion. As b
result of their love of unearned money
of their conscienceless lapaclty, there
Is as much suffering In peaceful Lon
don now as there Is In war-swept Cuba
In the slums of that vast and lnfernnll
oppressed city, starving mothers are
nursing at their rtiy breasts the skele
ton forms of their gasping children
who, as the weather grows warmer,
"will die like flits." to keep up the pei
centage of my Lord Rothschild, nnd t
give my Lord Salisbury a type of the
"English aristocratic gentleman ' ii
league with Shylnrk, his s..are In th
profits of bond-dealing imperialism
Day by day the ciles of the starving
poor of London go up to a Just and un
forgetting God. Day by day their poor
meun corpses are hurried in chrap pin
boxes to fertilize potter's fields. Day
by day, by the hundreds and the thou
pond, in London, and In New York, am"
wherever Mnmi'ion Is the god who gov.
erns, these reconcentradoes.of plutoc
racy are reduced by pitying heaven
which sends them death to relieve them
from a life oppiession makes 1 ntlrii tel
worse than death. When Amerlcant
are asked to ally themselves with
Rothschild and Salisbury, with plu
tocracy end Toryism, to perpetuate
such conditions us this, and to fix or
the people of the world the shackle?
of fraudulent Imperialism, the only
ur.swer they can give us Is that if Hip
issues- ure forced which Mehr-rs. Rothh
chlld nnd Salisbury wish to force, then
Americans will not lock hands but bay.
onets with them. This nation stands
for liberty, not for Toryism, not for
plutocracy, not for Impe. lallsm. It?
way lies forward, and if the American
people find that they can advance only
with fixed bayonets, then they will fix
bayonets and advance.
Knotty War Problems for States
man to Solve.
What right have the bondholders and
money changers to control the govern
ments of the United States and Eu
rope? The right of purchase nnd brlb.
Do the money powers resort to brib
ery and corruption? We make no
churges, but answer the question by
inquiring for wi.ut purpose did the.v
spend $20,000,000 In the campaign of
Could they not spend that money
honestly to secure the election of a
president of the United States? We are
compelled lo answer that question with
still another. Could o litigant in a
contested case Involving millions hon
estly spend $100,000 In a. Jury room while
the Jury wus deliberating upon the
verdlctl It seems to us that it would
be as easy to do that as it would be
to hone"5777 spend $20,000,000 In a presi
dential election.
If President McKlnley Is In a hurry-
to organize an army for the capture
of Cuba, why don't he appoint officers
who have some military experience and
know how to organize an army? Be
cause American officers of that kind
who have a good record of their own
seldom have a long pedigree.
Is pedigree the only qualification for
an officer In the volunteer army? It
seems to be the only qualification rec
ognized If the persons appointed in
dicate the pollcy of the administra
tion. Why do the republicans In congress
think the American people are acro
bats? Because they assume they can
pay taxes without money.
How would the payment of taxes
without Tfibney prove that the Ameri
can people are acrobats? Because ac
robats do such wonderful things and
some people think they can perform
Would It be a miracle for the Amer
ican people to pay taxes without mon
ey? It would be the same kind of a
miracle that It would be for a man
to lift himself over the capltol by his
boot straps.
The Third Wisconsin regiment la very
proud of two handsome pet eagles,
named "Old Bill" and "Dewey" respec.
tively. They have also a pet badger
known as "Oshkosh." The Fourth
Pennsylvania also owned a pet eagle,
"Abe Lincoln," but It fell 111 and died
during the trip south. It was burled
with the honors of war.
that a new party would be founded!
with the Chicago platform as Its creed
Wm. J. Bryan as Its candidate and at
least 4,600,000 votes to begin with. Am
attempt to displace Senator Jones n8t
chairman and Mr. Bryan as the can
didate would Instantly result In miser
able failure; but If by any sort of"
trickery It should succeed, it would,
sound the death knell (politically) of
those who do It, no matter what they
put Into their platform; for every In
telligent democrat would know that It
was cold-blooded treason. The pur
pose of such a move would be to elect
a man who, like Grover Cleveland,
would be a gold man In Bplte of the
platform. The democratic party has-,
been deceived and betrayed In the past,
and more than once. It will not be
again. When Mr. Cleveland attempted
to deliver It over to the money power,
which owned him, It repudiated him.
and made him a political outcast. In
the last campaign It was again betrayed
by McKlnley-Hobart-Palmer-Buckner
democrats. If It should now turn Kb.
back upon Its faithful friends and al
lies In that campaign In order to con
ciliate those whose treason elected Mr.
McKlnley, It would simply prove Its.
unfitness to control the destinies or
this nation, and It would speedily drop,
out of sight as a political power. It
will do neither. The gold democrats can
return to the fold If they so desire, but
they must take the democratic party
as It Is. They cannot change Ita prin
ciples, and then come back and run It.
A Lovely and Talented Society Girt
Does Reform Work.
Among the many remarkable career
of the modern woman, called "new,"'
none have been more remarkable than
that of Beatrice Potter, the wife of the
just posed throught the United States
on a trip around the world. Renun
ciations of material pleasures for the
sake of an Idea have always awed ami y
Impressed the public Imagination ever
since the days of Gautama Buddha, and
no modern renunciation has been more;
Inspiring than that of this beautiful
Miss Potter was the seventh and
younget daughter of a wealthy Lan
cashire manufacturer, whose wife was
not only the mother of seven beautiful
and gifted girls, not one of whom was
less than five feet eight Inches In
statue, but who was noted for her own
talents and acompllshments. She was
n religious woman, but read her bible
morning and evening In the original'
Hebrew and Greek, and the writings of
the church fathers in Latin which Is
not common among even me most rell-,
glous women. She was a profound'
and persistent student and was until
death the most intimate friend of Her-
bert Spencer, who consulted her not
.inly on matters affecting his da ly life..
ut upon the most abstruse scientific'
-luestions. The eccentricity of this brll
.ant woman was her horror of fat'
,ieople. She herself was of a fragile,
almost transparent, physlqule, and to'
Mr mind adipose tissue seemed almost
u vice. She fed the seven daughters'
with the greatst care, weighing every
meal befoie they were allowed to eat It,
and discovered by accurate experiment
how little a growing girl can eat and.
yet retain health and vigor. Later they
confessed that they never, until they
had homes of their own, knew what
it wus to feel a sensation of hunger.,
Yet they thrived upon this severe sys
tem, all seven growing up tall, hand
some and vigorous, with alert and bril
liant minds and retaining always the
sllmness of their figures. ,
Of all the seven, the youngest. Beat
rice, was the most remarkable. She
pursued her studies under the direction'
and with the assistance of Herbert
Spencer, who has always declared her's
to be the most remarkabis female mind
he has ever encountered. She was the
tallest of the seven, and when bhe waft
Introduced to London society was said
to be one of the most beautiful women
of her generation. Such a girl, who
possessed beside an ample fortune of
her own, was not likely to want foi
admirers and the most brilliant men or
England were glad to be her friends.
One day, without warning, she disap
peared from the ball rooms and druwln-,
rooms of May Fair, and was not to be
discovered by any of her whilom corn
statistics which she had collected her
attentlon to the condition of the work
ing girls of London, and. putting on
the costume of one, she went into a.
sweat shop and shared their existence,
with the secret purpose of studying
Its hardships. Two months later she
reappeared with a mass of facts anil
statistics which she had colected her
self, and which she embodied In an
article In one of the reviews, that,
stirred all England, was made the sub
ject of debate In parliament and re
sulted In the appointment of a com
mission which Investigated and re
formed the sweat shops. From that
day Beatrice Potter returned no more
to the world. Her sisters had all mar
ried men of position, but she scorned
their happy, busy, domestic lives, and
was to be found only among the manual
laborers, sharing the curious delusion
of other socialists that the only labor
worth consideration Is such as may
be performed with the hands. Her
studies led her all over Europe. Occa
sionally she would reappear for a brief
space and gather about her for an aft
ernoon her early friends, but her real
companions had ceased to be the men
who were making and ruling the Eng
lish empire, and creating Its science,
literature and art. Her friends were
those who called on her In their shirt
sleeves and smoked clay pipes In her
drawing room. Five years ago she
astonished even those who knew her
best by marrying Sidney Webb, the
socialist. They set up a modest home
In the eaBt end of London, all her for
tune, beauty and talent being finally
and Irrevocably devoted to the cause
of manual labor.
Two years ago the fruits of her
studies appeared In the form of a monu
mental work on the subject of labor
and wages. In It no theories were ad
vanced, no doctrines promulgated. It
contained simply the mass of facts
out of which doctrines and theories
might be built. This year another great
work, bearing her own as well as her
husband's name, has appeared. In It
she elaborates the conclusions she has
drawn from her facts, and while pro
founder students of the social question
by no means accept her theories, It Is
universally admitted that no more mas
terly and scientific presentation of the
question has been made of recent years,
and that the beautiful woman, who
deserted the London ball rooms less
than a decade ago, has produced a
work which will be a text book and
a mine of reference for all students
of modern sociology.