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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (July 1, 1898)
T. J.O'KBEFE, Publisher
HEMINQFORD, - NKDBASKA
Wllilnm Harwood, a brnkomnn ot
the westbound freight train, hnd lili
right foot severely bruised under the
tcngtne pilot while switching at Rising
,He was taken to his home at Stroms
burg. ' J. Detts, Albert Hitchcock and Ottf
'Hitchcock were arraigned boforo Polio
Judge Comon at Fremont on the charge
of stealing a thoroughbred calf frort
(I M. Kcenc. The two Hitchcock broth
ers waived examination and were bound
over to the district court for trial
Betts has served scverol sentences It
the county Jail for larceny and Is con
.slderod a smooth worker. Ho belong
ed to a cattle nnd hog stealing outlll
that was broken up by the onicers s
couple of years ago and turned stntc'i
More than 400 persons were In at
tendance nt the meeting of the grand
'chapter of the Order of the Eastern
iStar for Nebraska held In the Masonic
Temple In Omaha. Mrs. Helen II.
Stlres of Columbus, grand matron, pre
sided at the meeting and Introduced
Mrs. Anna C. Peters ot Omaha, matron
of Vesta chapter, who made an ad
.dress of welcome to the delegates.
IMrs. Eva M. Baldwin of North Platte,
associate grand matron, responded ta
the welcome. Following the addresses
Icame the exemplification of ritual and
floral work, the ritual work being done
iby Vesta chapter of Omaha and the
floral work by Electa chapter ot Lin
coln. ' Sheriff Tadlock of Thurston county,
.accompanied by J. C. Hendrlckson of
'Pender, executed a search warrant on
tb" Uome ot Harry Arvlson, a farmer
'wh lives about ten miles northwest
rof that plac, for the recovery ot sto
llen goods. Their search proved suc
cessful and they brought back to Pen
'der some fifteen or twenty sets of
(farm harness, which were stored away
tin a, large box In the house and covered
'up by pots, kettles and crockery. Ar--vlson
was not at home at the time, as
ho is now doing tlmo In Jail at Wayne
for petit larceny, of which he was con
jvlcted In that county a short tlmo ago.
As soon jis his sentence there expires
lio will be tried for the other offense,
of which the evidence Is clear.
' Those who are Interested In stock
.raising and packing house affalrB will
find here a few figures of Interest. The
Cincinnati Price Current says: Hogs,
continue to be marketed in fairly lib
eral numbers. Western killings are 4,-,
000 for the week, compared with 430.000
the preceding week and 450,000 last
year. From March 1 the total Is G,
735,000, against 5,780,000 last year. Prom
inent places compare as follows:
City. 1898. 1897.
'Chicago 2.220,000 1.945.00C
Kansas City 980,000 955,000,
Omaha 605,000 490,000
St. Louis 427,000 350,000!
(Indianapolis 320,000 270,000
"Milwaukee 401,000 257,000
.Cincinnati 209.000 192.000
Ottumwa 193,000 175,00a
!Codar Rapid 150,000 134,000,
Sioux City 109,000 78.000,
kt. Joseph 222.000 101.000
at. Paul 110,000 34.000
Nebraska City 113.000 70,000
Omaha, June 27. The meeting of the
Gulf nnd Interstate Transportation
(committee was held In Omaha Wed
nesday of last week. The members of
this committee were appointed by either
,the. governors or legislatures of twenty-two
states, mostly located west of
the- Mississippi river.
I Hon. Henry Wallace was selected as
(chairman of the meeting and Warwick
I Senator George Campbell of Oswego,
Kan., explained the object of the meet
ing to be for the purpose of devising1
ways and means of securing better and
cheaper transportation of their pro
duct? to th deep water harbors.
Several plans were discussed which
led the speakers more or less Into de
tails, but In the main the work of the,
committee was held to the main points
Involved, which was to push forward
,a systematic work giving the reasons
why the people of the west should have
much better and a great deal cheaper
.transportation facilities and rates on
their north and Bouth business.
With this end In view a committee
'on address was apoplnted as follows:
Senator George Campbell, Oswego,
Kan.: Hon. Thomas Rae. Dow City, la.,
'and Warwick Saunders, Columbus,
The committee then adjourned to
meet at the Commercial club rooms on
July 12 next at 2 o'clock p. m.
Prof. Charles E. Trlpler, the dls
coverer of a process for making llque
fler air, says, regarding the possibili
ties of It when used in warfare:
"Among them are the Immediate ap
plication to the firing of projectiles, the
explosion of shells and torpedoes, the
driving of vessels at greater speed with,
less consumption of coal, the cooling
iof the turrets Irf action from a torrid'
.heat to a moderate temperature, thus,
enabling the men to nanuie me guns
with better eftlclency, and adding to"
their endurance: the cooling of the,
istokeholds and all parts of a warship.
' "The benflts of the foregoing are self
'evldent. It Is now simply a question,
!of mechanical application. The power
,exlsts and Is ready to be used; it only
remains to be determined how It can
best be applied. It Is a power evident
ly exceeding any hitherto employed.
Us limits cannot yet be defined, from,
a gentle, cooling breeze to the power
necessary to drive the largest vesel
or hurl the heaviest projectile. This Is
no guesswork or more speculation.
These are fundamental facts that I have
"1. Liquid air can be manufactured
.easily, cheaply and in large quanti
ties. "2. A cylinder can be charged with
liquid air under conditions which give
an expansive force equal to or greater
than that of gunpowder, or an explo
sion exceeding guncotton or dynamite.
"3. It cannot be exploded except by
,a spark (produced In any desired man.
ner), and being unaffected by concus
sion, it is perfectly safe to be handled,
nnd can generate any pressure desired
"4. Liquid air can be produced any
where and at any time. Any ship
could carry and operate the mechan
ism for Its production.
"5. Liquid air is from 20 to 100 times
as powerful as steam, and It can be
applied as easily as steam to drive the
engines of a ship.
"These, I repeat, are not guesses, but
established facts, and Inevitable corol
laries from such facts."
Pelf-made Man (examining school, ol
which he Is manager) Now, boy, whal
U the capital of 'Olland?
Boy An H, sir. Tlt-Blts.
TO RUN CITY RAILROADS.
IDLE MOUNTAIN1 STREAMS TO
Bffi UTILIZED THAT WAY.
Now York Capitalist will "Hnrnoas"
tho Waters of the Catskllls ano
Develop Electrical Energy for N
Y.CIty Transportation Companies
New Tork capitalists, with millions
ot dollars at their command, have
worked out a great scheme to supply
electrical energy to run the elevated
and surface railroads and the factorle
of the metropolis. They propose to do
away with .steam entirely, except for
heating purposes. Control of more
than 1,000 square miles f watersheds
In the Catskllls has been obtained, and
the mountain lakes and streams will be
harnessed, as Niagara has been har
nessed by some of the capitalists Inter,
csted In this scheme.
Another of Bellamy's dreams will
come true right here In New York, and
that before long, If the promoters of
tho Ramapo Water company make a
success of that venture.
Electricity to replace steam on the
elevated roads, In the factories and In
the power houses of the surface rail
roadsthat Is the revolution In present
methods which these men propose to
make. They believe the American me
tropolis has reached the point where
it can dispense with steam altogether,
except for heating purposes.
Novel proposition this? No more ug
ly looking steam locomotives to haul
elevated trains. No more steam en
gines, filling the air with dirty smoke,
to run the factories of Greater New
Tork. No more big power houses in
different parts of the city to develop
energy with which to run the cars In
Broadway, Lexington avenue and the
other city thoroughfares.
Millions of dollars wilt be required to
effect the transformation. Edward Bel
lamy, who first dreamed of this and
many other similar changes, did not
II vu to oce It made. But a dozen New
York capitalists, among whom are Sen
ator Thomas C. Piatt, Silas B. Dutch
er, Edward Lauterbach and other prom
inent republican leaders, expect to see
It, and In the nenr future, too. They
believe the change is coming, and they
aro ready to back up their faith with
their money. More than ten years have
passed since these men first consid
ered the Idea, and they believe in its
practicability now more firmly than
Up in the stntc, within a hundred
mites of the city line, are small lakes
and rivers nnd mountain streams which
are to play an all-Important part In
this peaceful revolution. These wa
ters are to be harnessed. Just as the
waters of Niagara have been harness
ed by New York and English capital
ists. They are to be made to develop
electrical energy, and that energy Is
to be transmitted to the metropolis,
and here used for running elevated
trains, surface cars and factories.
I have been unable to learn how or
where the Idea of thus supplying New
York with lectrlcal energy originated,
but the feasibility of the plan appealed
nt once to the men who now constitute
the Ramapo Water company. That Is
one of severnl big corporations, repre
senting millions of dollars, which have
been endowed with almost unlimited
powers by the New York legislature.
It was organized In 1882, thus being the
pioneer of the big electric companies
chartered by the state legislature. Some
of the politicians in this company also
have large Interests In the companies
that have harnessed the Niagara. But
the Vanderbllts. the Webbs, Chauncey
M. Depew and other capitalists who
are not so much Interested In politics,
have Invested their money In the Ni
It was not known to the general
public until this week that the Rama
po Water company was organized for
any other purpose than to furnish wa
ter In targe quantities to nny one who
might want to buy. This corporation,
It was supposed, had been formed to
get a desirable contract with the city
when the Croton supply became Inade
quate to the city's needs. Insurance
men had been asserting that a water
famine was threatening, nnd that In
n short time the city would have to
get an additional supply of water from
somewhere. These same Insurance
men Investigated the matter, and they
decided that this additional supply, in
order to meet the threatened emer
gency, must be obtnlned from the re
gion west of the Hudson river. They
Inquired nbout the supply of water on
Long Island, and concluded there was
no more wuter In Queens and Suffolk
counties than would be needed by the
residents of those sections.
While Insurnnce men were studying
this problem the capitalists In the Ra
mapo Water company also had their
engineers nt work. They wanted to
find a place from which pure water at
a high pressure could be obtnlned. They
went Into Rockland county, then Into
Orange. Ulster and Sullivan, and finally
extended their operations Into Dela
ware, Grepne nnd Schoharie counties.
They obtnlned control of more than
1.000 square miles of watersheds In
the Catskllls, and now assert that they
control the only available territory from
which a further supply or water tor
the metropolis can be obtained. In
this contention they are upheld by the
New York Board of Fire Underwriters.
But the sale of water, as I have In
dicated already, Is but a small part of
the plans ot this particular water com
pany. Until this week It was generally
supposed to be the company's sole ob
ject. The fact has been demonstrated
at Niagara FallB, however, that great
quantities of electrical energy can be
developed by the use of turbines nnd
that this power can be transmitted for
use in cities many miles distant. It
has also been demonstrated by the
Niagara experiment that the cost of
electric energy thus developed is much
less than by the old methods. Many
of the Btreet railroads In Buffalo are
now being run by power transmitted
from Niagara, and arrangements are
under way for a pan-American ex
position to celebrate the success of the
Messrs. Nostrane and Jenks, two of
the engineers of the Ramapo company,
told me thnt electrical energy could
be developed by harncrslng the waters
of the Catskllls quite as readily as It
had been obtnlned by the harnessing
of Niagara Falls. A system of tur
bines, they explained, would be used.
and by this means almost any quanti
ty of power could be developed.
This Ramapo scheme, It is asserted,
has a great advantage over the Ma.
gara power schemes in that the power
would be developed so near to an un
limited market. It has been the ex
perience thus far at Niagara that more
millions are at hand for Investment In
the scheme than the market for the
developed power warrants. Electrical
energy, It has been found, can bo
transmitted successfully as far as Buf
falo, but there (s not a Wee enough
murket In that city for even a small
part of the power it Is proposed to 6
. velop at Niagara Falls. Here, on tin
I other hand, Is an unlimited "market foi
power irum mu vaiHKiiis, una 10 mm
fact Is due the readiness of the Ita-
mapc stockholders to back their scheme
hv'&.r to avol(l nny hUoh wnen
the time for carrying out this great
scheme comes, the politicians In the
company have obtained from the leg-
'stature an amendment to their char
ter, under which they enn expand the
'apltal stock, now placed at $2,000,000,
and pavcthe way for Investing many
limes that amount In developing In the
Cntskltls electrical energy to run the
railroads nnd factories of the metrop
Jits. CUPID ON A STEAMBOAT.
Marries You and Gives a Wedding
Trip for Nothing-.
Cupid, who haB been fancy free for
countless nges, and whose merry pranks
have caused thrones to totter and fall,
has at laBt been enmeshed In the fet
ters of an effete civilization. He Is now
doing buslriess for a steamship compa
ny whose boats ply between the cities
of Chlcngo and Milwaukee. It Is a far
cry from the love laden atmosphere ot
Parnassus to the martB of American
trade, and Cupid, unless he regards It
as his maddest and merriest achieve
ment, must sbudder In his bondage.
But this Is not telling the story, Is It?
Well, It Is a story of matrimony for
the masses. If you are Inclined that
way, here Is the opportunity ot a life
time. Not only will your honeymoon
tr lp andthe minister's fee be paid for
you, but In addition you will receive
an annual pass good for two and the
steamers plying between Chicago and
Milwaukee and $25 In bright shining
bride, the steamboat company will land
you In Milwaukee, and upon presenta
tion of the marriage certificate at the
olllce you will receive all the benefits
except the golden coin. That Is re
served for those who are wedded on
As "the town of easy marriage," Mil
waukee Is known far nnd wide, and
during the summer Chicago couples
are married there In big bunches. The
absence of a license law In Wisconsin,
a condition which Is imposed by the
state of Illinois, is responsible for the
situation, and local ministers nnd civil
officers make more from tying copies
In the double knot ot connubial bliss
than they do from their salaries.
Hey. "W. A. Hunsberger, ot the Grand
avenue Miethodlst church, otherwise
known by the sobriquet of "the mar
rying parson," holds the record to date.
For several years he averaged 2.500
ceremonies per year, and with few ex
ceptions they were couples from Chi
cago and other Illinois towns. At one
time rlvulry was bo great that run
ners were employed by the hustlers
nmong the clergy to make tho trips and
get business on the boats.
So much for the existing condition of
affairs. Now we come to the thraldom
of Dan Cupid. Anticipating a decrease
In matrimony this summer, owing to
the fact that so many eligible young
men have gone to the front In their
country's service, the steamboat com
pany has entered upon a novel plan to
stlmulnte marriage. To twenty thou.
Band young men has been sent nn In
vitation to desert single blessedness
for matrimony, with special Induce
ments offered by the company.
The Invitations are embellished with
pictures Intended to be alluring and
persuasive. The first shows Chicago,
with the sun coming up in the east; the
next, the steamer on tho lake: the third,
Milwaukee; the fourth, a marriage cer-
.-.... l. tt. .n Iknn. nlAnntln
c.wyiiy. me uiui, .: uuui d"'""" dlous. as well as models of neatness
under a low moor., and the sixth and ftnd convenlence. nnd all the work of
last. Chicago Ighted by a high moon. the owner'8 hands, rrom end to end.
A in nlster will be on the boat ready for , Dotn the father and aon nrp prnctica,
service at a moment s notice. He will cnln, flg na bud ,
carry a full supply of blank certificates 'never a a cent fop work of th, k ,
and guarantees to kiss each and every Tn,Si of mrae 8 a Rreat 8av About
bre ."' h.e mar.r,les' . . ,1 the premises, from front gate to back
That the Invitations will be produ.- ,ot f there ,8 notnlnK uns,Kntly to
tlve of results there Is no doubt. Ac- lmppt the eye No rul)b8h l8 ii0W
ceptances are reaching the offices of pd am, not a 8tIck or gtonp or bt of
the company at the rate of five hundred board breaks t, frph f ,n
a day. and It Is confidently expected lort nnVAvnprp nl)nut tnp ynrd Flower,
that from one to two thousand couples an(, snrunbery surround the dwelling
will be married on the boat during the on every s(de
summer. So far the --piles have been , Bul u ls of .., cniV barn anJ Ja)ry
entirely from Chicago. house we particularly wish to speak
One of the letters received Is from a Tne cow bnrn ,9 pr0Vded wUh every
typewriter, who describes herself as convenence. cement floors throughout.
twenty-six years old, handsome, good- water ,n e , mnmlre BUtter
looking, brunette, perfectly sound and ' cl8tPrn for , manure. and a com
matrimonially inclined. ' She offers the moaioUf manure sned dj0nB. where
company $25 If It will find her a suit- M refusp , wheelpd and dumpt,(, under
able fellow to tie up to. Although this pover bp, wet down from t, to
s a line of work Superintendent Whl s- lme , wntpr from th b ,o
lar had not anticipated going Into, still. wnc,, , k t constantIy mled by tne
as the advance agent of Cupid, he will vrlndtnill
not let any chances sHp, and If 11 per- M y manure gutters are
sons wishing to marry a girl with all ' j,. ,, ,, .. ...i.. , i t,
the good points stated In the descrln-
llon w!1!. f,rw?Sdt!?em RP...CrnJn,!vi?
Mr. Whltslar, they will be turned over
to the young woman to maka a selec-
1 ."' i ii i . - w.minn. o
Many similar letters are coming, and,
by a curious coincidence, all of the
writers are apparently attractive In
every way that would appeal to a man.
However. If mates can be found for
them, they will be married aboard the
boat and receive the substantial well
wishes of the company.
Facts About Powder.
The California powder mills In the
San Lorenzo valley Bhlp 20,000 pounds of
. ... ,.i.i ,
powder dally to the Atlantic coast for
The nrlnclnal amokeless powders In
use are composed of gun cotton and
a ' , , .
nltro-glycerlne, either alone or In com-
blnatlon with other material, the tunc-
tlon of which is to reduce the violence
of action. The parts are mixed In
.... . ... . . .,..,,
quantities In the presence of a liquid
which has a solvent action upon the
gun cotton. A doughlike substance ls
the result. This mass Is placed In a
press from which It emerges squeezed
into flat ribbons. After running it
ucihccii 1 unci o iu uuiaiu me eiu,cri
thickness It Is cut Into grains a nd
The Oregon's 13-Inch rifles are charg
ed with 550 pounds of powder, and this
Imparts to a 1,100-pound shot a veloc
ity of 2.100 feet per second and the
energy of the projectile Is nearly 21,000
foot tons. This energy Is sufficient to
life the Oregon eight feet out of the
water In one minute,
Nltro-glycerlne ls not adapted for
sporting purposes. In a shotgun Its
combustion ls not complete, and the
fumes from It give violent headaches
to the shooter.
Most of the cotton used In the man.
ufacture of gun cotton comes from
In black powder the components are
charcoal, sulphur and saltpeter, the
latter supplying the oxygen and pro
ducing combustion of the other two.
Black powder and brown powder are
variations of the same thing, brown be
ing developed from the black.
Sulphur used in the powder mills
comes ln ship loads fnom Japan and
Sicily, the saltpeter from India.
The duBt rising ln some rooms of the
powder mill is bo Inflammable that thn
workmen must wea
wooden pegs In
their shoes to avoid friction
EIGHTY-ACRE DAIRY FARM.
WHAT 33 COWS ARE DOING ON
A MICHIGAN FARM.
An Interesting Pen Plcturo of a
Small Farm as Written by a
Western Farmers Should Do.
Editor Honrd's Dairyman! Whenever
I am In need of inspiration along dairy
lines, I go for a visit to certain friends
ot mine, In on adjoining township. Sel
dom does this foil to fire me with
fresh zeal and enthusiasm for this
most excellent line ot agriculture. 1
feel sure your readers would enjoy
such a visit, too, but since this Is Im
possible for the great majority of them,
perhaps I may be able to tell them
something of Interest concerning this
farm, and Its wide-awake proprietors.
The farm In question lleB one mile
and a half from the village of Grand
Blanc, In Genesee county, and consists
of only eighty acres. I say "only,"
since nbout everybody seems to carry
the Idea that In order to be much of a
farmer, a man must have twice that
amount of land, at least.
But I want to tell you what Is ac
complished on this farm, and it Is not
by nature a very productive soil, either
a gravelly sand rising In knolls here
and there throughout the fields. In
deed, the proprietor was told when he
bought It that he could not make a
living on It. John Davison has owned
and lived upon the farm for the past 55
years. Here he brought his bride, and
here they will remain as long as they
live. For the last thirty years their
son has been Interested with the
father, and the home of himself and
family is at the homestead.
There are about thirty head of Jer
sey cattle maintained on the farm the
year around, besides four horses. AH
the food for the stock Is grown upon
the place, with the exception of bran,
about five tons of this being purchased
each year. Corn Is the main depend
ence, both for rough fodder and for
grain. The cows rarely get hny. Their
grain ration le corn meal (ground with
out the cob) and bran, mixed half and
halt. Each cow Is fed with an eye to
her own individual needs, with no re
gard whatever to what her neighbor
receives, a plan which has the en
dorsement of every true dairyman. The
corn stalks are shredded and fed dry,
as well as the grain the two are not
mixed together In feeding. All the grain
Is ground upon the farm by means of
a mill and trend power, thus saving
millers' toll, which Is quite nn Item.
Mr. Davison has no silo When asked
If he purposed erecting one, he replied
that he felt pretty well satisfied with
out one, since his cows average him
over 300 pounds of butter per year. This
is an average to be proud of, certain
ly, In so large a herd, yet we are well
enough acquainted with Mr. D. to know
that he Is always trying to do a little
better, and feel sure when he reaches
the point where he considers the silo
will be an advantage, he will build one.
The first Jersey bull ever brought
Into this township, wag owned by Mr.
Davison over twenty-five years ago.
when Jerseys were looked upon with
considerable suspicion, and considered
suitable principally for pets, or lawn
ornaments. It Is needless to say that
opinion has since been chang?d.
In approaching the farm one Is
struck with the fine appearance of Its
. ' ' ' " J ' ,M I
buildings. They are large and comino-
,ng tfi ,nclles dp' and ls ,J h 1)road
He c,nlms superiority for these, as, on
account of tneIr depthi tlle 00W8 do not
. 9tand wUh tner nnd fee, n tnem as
lB frequently the case with shallower
' ., Ti,. .ini.i. ta ot...n.ni..
supplled wlth wlndows on the south
and ln au,umn thp ,.ows RO ln nerP and
tay unt Apr st And tns fact haft
bppn tne sul)Ject of py an argument
betwpen Mr. D, nd myself, since our
plan Is to allow the cows to go out
In the yard every pleasant day for ex
ercise. can f em, to pnd wtnout 8tpp.
ping out from under cover, but there
number of smaller buildings, an
Ice-house, scale house, shop, granary.
. d , conlpIptP hPnnery. Tne
latter Is a building 80x20 feet, facing
the south, and Is conveniently nrranged
r keeping a large number of fowls.
These are the special charge of Mrs.
Davison, sr. who is an enthusiast In
Entering the dairy house, we find
, everything convenient for work. The
'steam engine runs the machinery, noth.
, ,s donp by nand The day before
' my visit the big churn hnd turned out
75 pounds of butter, which was all
I packed away In gallon crocks. nnd
' Btored In the big refrigerator, await,
' ing shipment The entire product Is
coniracieu nna commands a goon
, price. The by-products, skim milk and
buttermilk, are fed to calves and chick
ens. No swine are kept.
One of the things most remarkable
about Mr. Davidson's herd of cattle is
their uniformity. Every one looks Just
exactly like every other one. In color
they nre a squirrel gray, and In con
formation ami general make up are pat.
terned after the "Wisconsin Idea" of
what a dairy cow .should be. Our at
tentlon was called to a bunch of six
yearling heifers, due to come In milk
this fall. We are fiee to sny we never
saw a finer lot. One of them became
Injured In some manner In the barn
yard a few weeks ago and an abortion
was the result. Within three days the
udder became so enlarged that It was
necessary to draw the milk, and the
little thing Is now giving two gallons
of milk a day. and carries as tine an
uddr as can be imagined square and
even extending extremely far forward
and well up In the rear also, TJils
heifer Is not ypt one year old. Mr. D.
breeds his heifers to calve at a year
and a half, and certainly has never
seen any 111 offects of such a course as
yet. He Is very particular as to con-
formation in his dairy breeding stock,
and insists on a certain excellence in a
sire. H likes them to have all the
features possible which go to mark the
good dairy cow, and will repect what
he designates as a "chuckle headed"
animal every time.
He believes in kindness in handling
(hls cattle, and they crowd around him
like eomany sheep when he goes
among them, each anxious to receive
attention. Altogether It Is a herd
which would od one's soul good to see,
and their performance bt In accord,
ance with their appearance. Mr. D.
says It costs about 35 to keep each
cow a year. The butter brings some
thing over 160 each year, and the mar
gin, after allowing for skim milk, but
termilk, calves and manure values, Is
a good one. From being an unproduc
tlve farm, the soil Is constantly being
enriched, nnd tncrenses In productive,
ness each year.
No small Item toward tho success
which has attended the efforts of this
father and son, Is the fact that every
thing has been taken care of. This, of
course, has lengthened the period of
usefulness, and replacing with new Is
not so frequently necessary. It Is re
lated, by a man who once worked for
the elder gentleman, that upon paying
him a visit twenty years afterward the
same tools, hoes, shovels, forks, etc.,
were still In use, and in exactly the
ame places. They had been taken
good care of, which accounts for their
prolonged period of usefulness. And
this has marked all their doings
throughout the years. They never go
In debt, are frugal and saving, and as
happy as It falls to the lot of common
mortals to be.
I think this ought to be nn example
to a good many of us. We are too apt
to think that we are not accomplish,
lng anything unless we have 200 or 300
acres of land to work, when the fact
Is, by proper management, a much
greater profit might be made from
smaller farms with far less expense
and worrlment of mind. Very few of us
realize the possibilities of an acre. Wo
grasp and grasp, go In debt, and then
fret and worry to get out, and some of
us never do get out, when, were we
content with less, and disposed to make
the very most of what we have, we
would be a great deal better on. Many
a man Is worried out of existence,
merely by his Indebtedness; he never
knows what It Is to be free from It.
Such a man does not know what true
happiness ls, for I doubt If one can be
truly happy, unless he ls free from
debt, or nearly so, at any rate.
W. C. JtOCKWOOD.
Genesee Co., Mich.
Look well to the ventilation of the
poultry house during hot weather. If
possible open all the doors and win
dows. Do not neglect to feed the fowls now
nnd expect them to live oft of grass.
Crude carbolic acid sprayed over the
poultry house floor will do much to
put'ify the surroundings.
Clean out all old nests and burn the
All old males should go to the mar
ket or soup pit.
.1 few nlca broods hatched out In Au
gust will make nice broilers this fall.
Fall chickens nre easily raised, pro
vided the lice are kept off.
Mr. XV. G. Richardson of Clinton, La,,
asks why chickens nre weak In the
legs, nnd the remedy. If he refers to
chicks Just hatched, the cause is with
the egg germ. It being weak, and the
only humane remedy to apply Is to kill
them, but If chicks are strong when
hatched and the ailment Is developed
later, then the fault lies either In their
treatment or surroundings. Chicks
may be fed off their feet; that is. they
may be given too much fattening food
and too little bone-producing material.
In such cases reduce the meat, milk
and meal diet and give more wheat
bran, whole wheat, oats, etc. Chicks
may also get weak In the legs from
roosting In damp or filthy coops. The
remedy then Is to remove the cause
and sprinkle plenty of air-slaked lima
Eggs should be washed when gath.
ered and never placed ln the egg bas
ket In a soiled condition. A few drops
of spirits of camphor ln the drinking
water Is nn excellent remedy for slight
cases of boHel trouble.
As chicks grow they should be given
more room In the brooders. Crowding
fifty chicks In a space fit only for
twenty-five will stunt the whole lot.
The egg shell Is porous, and when
ever It comes In contact with filth of
any kind the quality ot the egg Is very
quickly Injured. Eggs for hatching
should be washed In warm water be
fore being set. that .! closed pores
may be opened.
It Is said that poke root pounded up
and put In the drinking water is a suc
cessful remedy for the cholera.
Seven drops of kerosene ln a tea
spoonful of molasses every hour until
Improved. Is snld to be an ex?ellent
euro for roup.
The best breeds for capons are Wy
andottes nnd Plymouth Rocks. The
Mediterranean breeds will not reach
the desired size.
Boiled oats is an excellent food for
laying hens, oats are fed the fowls
will need lots of sharp grit. See that
they are provided with same,
We have no domestic birds that ma
ture faster than ducks. Their appe.
tlte. bo far from being an objection, is
their good recommendation. They eat
for a good purpose.
Careful brooding. Judicious feeding
and plenty of fresh air and exercise
mean strong, healthy chickens, and the
most important point ofall Is brooding
at the beginning.
Keep the coops and yards sweet by
freely using air-slaked lime.
If the hens are lousy when they are
given a brood of chicks, the lice will
leave the hens and Infest the chicks.
Don't feed corn steadily for egg pro
duction, whatever anybody may say.
It Is contrary to both reason and sci
ence. Many farmers who have kept chick,
ens all their lives need to study the
business, almost from the beginning,
to make a success, for they have paid
no attention to It.
If there are pullets or cockerels ln
some of the broods that grow muer
fnster than the rest, mark them to be
saved, not to be sold. This method will
build up the stamina of the flock.
The Toronto Globe says a Canadian
farmer who kept twenty-four cows and
two hired men, tested his cows with
the Babcock test, and found that eight
wwe unprofitable. He disposed of them
and let one hired man go, and at the
end of the year found that he had
made as much money from the sixteen
as from the twenty-four. Now he has
got down to twelve good cows, and ex.
pects ns much from them ns he made
from twice that number. Now he can
Incrense up to his original number as
fast as he can find or grow good cows,
and Increase his profits.
1 m m m
Queen Victoria Is said to possess
some very old watches. Among them
nre two little gold flnes, by Breguet,
supposed to be 100 years old. One Is a
repeater, the other a blind man's
watch. Upth of these are in constant
use nnd keep good time. Thev nr
about the size of a two-shllllng piece
and have silver dials.
REAL COWBOV REGIMENT.
No Frills About Orlgsby's Boys.
They Know Their Business.
One ot the most spectacular Inci
dents of the war with Spain has been
provided by "Teddy" Roosevelt and his
band of alleged "rough riders." Des.
patches from the south teem with tho
doings of the strange conglomeration
of Fifth .avenue dudes and so-called
cowboys until one grows heartily sick
of it all. When Colonel Roosevelt re
signed his responsible post as assist
ant secretary of the navy to raise his
band of terrible warriors, the more
conservative of his friends did not hesi
tate to Indulge In hostile criticism.
They argued, and not without good
grounds, that it was, to use a bit of
expressive slang, a "grand stand play."
And we In New York have grown
quite hysterical over the doings of the
redoubtable "Teddy" and his kid-gloved
cohorts, unless, perchance, we have
been gifted with a sense of humor, In
which event we have been quietly
amused. But there are many of ua
who take "Teddy" and his rough
riders quite seriously, not realizing thnt
down at Chtckamuuga, eagerly waiting
an opportunity to get into the fighting,
Is another band of rough riders, who
are Just exactly what they seem to be.
I refer to Colonel Milt Grlgsby's troop
of volunteer cavalry, consisting of 610
genuine slmon pure cowboys and
plainsmen. They are perhaps not as
pretty as Roosevelt's pets. They aro
big, bronzed fellows, every one a born
horseman and a dead shot, every one
used to exposure and hardened by
years of life on the plains. Many ot
them have records as Indian fighters,
and all are lmbuerl with an lntenso
There are no valets In the camp of
Colonel Grlgsby's Third regiment nt
Chlckamauga. There are no golf sticks
and polo clubs to be kept ln order. The
society reporter would pass this camp
of plainsmen by with a sniff of dls.
daln. And yet there are men there,
from the colonel down to the most ob.
scure trooper, who have records to bo
proud of, and who have ln them tho
stuff that heroes are made of.
There are no pampered sons of tho
rich in this outfit. These men do not
look upon their enlistment as a holi
day Jaunt. They are there to fight, not
as posers, and the fighting can't begin
any too soon to suit them.
Your true westerner can only be com
manded by a man for whom he has tho
respect born of superiority. And ln
Colonel Grlgsby they have a man In.
whom that respect is very deep rooted.
Although comparatively a young man,
his life has been filled with adventure.
At the close of the civil wnr, through,
which he fought with distinction, ha
went to Dakota nnd grew up with the
country. He has seen It In Its most law
less days. For twenty-five years ha
has resided In the state, and is at pres
ent attorney general of South Dakota.
During the civil war he was once a
prisoner at Andersonvllle and twice a
prisoner at the equally hornble prison
pen at Florence. S. C. On both occa.
slons he escaped, being recaptured tho
first time after having spent thlrty-flvo
days in the swamps. His sobriquet,
"the Smoked Yank," was given him
after he reached Sherman's army, be
cause of his grimy face, the result ot
long exposure and the soot of many
solitary campfires in the wilderness.
At the conclusion of the war he wrote
a book of ills experiences which he
called "The Smoked Yank."
The regiment la officered by men all
of whom have made names fcr them
selves lnt he west. Lieutenant Colonel
Floyd of Helena. Mont., ls a graduate ot
West Point, who has passed through
many exciting Indian campaigns. Ma
jor Leigh II. French, the spnlnr major
of the rpglment, is a Washington sur
geon, but he has spent most of his
life In the west. During the last few
years, however, he has been hunting'
big game ln the Jungles of Africa.
Captain Jack Foster, Captain Joseph
Binder and Captain Bullock command
respectively troops A, B and C. All
have records as fighters and all have
been terrors to the evildoers of tho
early days. Captain Bullock Is one of
the best known men of the northwest.
His record had preceded him, nnd he
was made the first sheriff of Lawrence
county. "When I first went to Dad
wood," remarked Captain Bullock tho
other day, "they killed about one man
a day In street fights, and no one was
ever punished. When I got through
with my second term not moie than
one man was killed In a week."
One of the first and most notorious
cases of lynch trlnl occurred about the
time Captain Bullock came over the
trail from Montana. This was the trial
and acquittal of "Jack" McCall for tho
killing of "Wild Bill." Bullock had not
yet obtained his commission as sheriff,
and he did not Interfere in the trial,
which was conducted in the street.
There was no doubt nbout the killing
of "Wild Bill" by McCall. but the mur
derer told a story of wrongs done him
by "Wild BID," and the Jury decided to
let htm go, provided he could escape
They took him up to the head of the
gulch, mounted him on a horse nnd told
him to ride for his life. At the end of
one minute every man In the camp
would commence shooting nt him. It Is
needless to say that McCall made fast
time, and turned a bend In the road
Just as a hundred rifles cracked at the
end of the specified time. Since that
time Bullock has been Identified with
Deadwood as one of its leading citi
zens. In a grated window of the county
Jail, between the Iron bars and the
panes of glass, two sparrows began
last week to build a nest. They work
ed three days bringing wisps of grass
and feathers and strings and wpavlng
them In behind and around the bars.
The prisoners on the second tier ot
cells, with time hanging heavy on their
hands, watched the home building of
Friday afternoon the prisoners heard
a great chattering or sparrows, and
looking out they saw that one of the
birds, In weaving a string Into the nest,
had got it tangled In Borne way around
its neck. Its fluttering tightened the
Btring and choked It, and it was dang,
ling helpless from the bar, within a
few yards of the black gallows In the
Jail on which have been hanged four
men and on which three more will
probably be hanged this summer. Tho
mate of the hanging bird was wildly
excited and chattered loudly, Hutterlng
around and pecking at the string, tls
cries brought out other sparrows, who
chirped excitedly and pecked at the
string with their bills. Soon there were
a dozen sparrows flying around the
hanging bird, and they kept up their
chattering for a half hour: then a dep
uty marshal tore the bird loose with a
long stick. It was dead, Kansas City
Herman Bergdorf's alarm clock prob.
ably saved him from losing his watch
and other valuables yesterday morn
ing. The clock broke the sllencp at 4
o'clock, and as Burgdorf rubbed his
eyes and Jumped up he almost fell
against a stranger who stood nenr the
bed. The Intruder tried to get out,
but Burgdorf held hlrn fast and found
bis watch In the stranger's possession.
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