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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (June 24, 1898)
WOULD ENSLAVE "AMERICAN PEOPLE
SENATOR ALLEM DENOUNCES THE ATTEMPT TO ENSLAVE
THE PEOPLE WITH A PERPETUAL DEBT.
THE PROPER WAY TO RAISE REVENUE FOR THE WAR,
iAn Inoomo Tax Law Should bo Substituted For tho Sohomo to Issuo
Hundrods of Millions of Qold Bonds.
nut, Mr. President, tills means more.
!lt means nn Interest, these bonds nre
not paid an Interest charge to tho
people of the United States of $120,000,
00 during the next ten yenrs, making
5520,000,000 when the bonds nre paid. It
means even moro than that. It menns
that nt the end of ten years then will
lie no money In the treasury with which
to pay the bonds. They will be re
funded nnd go on from year to year
ns a great blanket mortgage upon the
property and Industries of the count iy.
Mr, Piesldent, when drover Cleveland,
late of Buffalo, came Into power the
second time, the annual Intel est charge
to the United States was about $23,000,
OOO.posslbly more than that. After four
jyeurB of the delights nnd sweets and
blesRlngs of the gold standnrd under
tills administration the annua! Interest
charge to the United States grew to
About J34.OOO.0OO. Suppose Mr. Cleve
land had followed out the platform and
tenets of his party nnd had kept the
promises mndo In this (.number In 1M3
"by his rpresenttttlves, nnd had caused
silver to be coined freely nnd upon
Iterms of equality with gold, there
would not have been the slightest neces.
city for Inerenslng the bonded Indebted.
nesH $263,000,000, n wan done. Now
It Is proposed by this bill to Increase
,the annual Interest charge to the gov
ernment J12.000.000 more, or nbout $46
Mr, President, when we nre discuss
ing the gold question, I should like to
know from the Rcnator from Iowa (Mr.
Allison), who Is In charge of this bill,
or from any other senator of the nuance
committee, wheie wo are to obtain tho
gold with which to pay these bonds,
nnd how we nre to obtain It? The drain
upon the gold of the United States
amounts to $325,000,000 annually: nnd
where Is It to come from, unless we
nre to enter upon n period of endless
Issues of gold-bearing obligations until
(the credit of the nation shall be broken
down nnd the people nnd the govern
ment shall go Into bankruptcy?
England and other nations of Europe
take from us every year $325,000,000 In
gold, or gold equivalent In the form of
Interest charges, transportation
charges, nnd expenditures of money by
American citizens visiting abroad. Our
annual output of gold amounts to nbout
$12,000,000, one-half of which Is con
sumed In the arts, or practically one
half. How nre we to qbtuln the gold
to pay these enormous charges, to say
nothing nbout pnying the principal of
the debt when It falls due?
My honorable filend from Nevada
(Mr. Stewart) complained nbout this n
few moments ago, nnd snld that our
civilization was being reduced by It.
Mr. President, unfortunately that state
ment Is true. I wnnted then to call
his attention, ns 1 call It now, to the
fact that It Is the purpose of the gold
power to reduce the civilization of
America,; It Is the purpose of this
power to wield such an Influence over
our Institutions nnd our people that
they will bo made mere hewers of wood
and drawers of water.
Does nny man need nn Illustration
more complete than Is to be found In
tho last presidential election? It has
been charged, nnd never disputed, that
$16,000,000 were used by the republican
party In that election $16,000,000 to car
ry a party Into power In u government
where tho ballot Is supposed to be
free nnd where every man Is supposed
to vote without Interference or Interrup
tlon; and yet bo open and so notorious
has become this political prostitution
that these charges pass unrefuted.
Mr. President, the civilization of the
United States Is Involved In this Issue.
If the great mass of the people can be
kept working nnd tolling year by year,
yielding all above what Is necessary for
mere existence from their suiplus earn
ings to this gold power to pay Interest
charges and deots, that Is exactly what
that power wants; that Is oxnetly what
It has endeavored to accomplish, nnd
what It has almost succvided In accom
plishing. The renntor from Nevada
need have1 no concern nbout It accom
plishing Its purpose unless there Is
virtue enough In the American people
to rise up and shake on this Influence
Mr. President, a tidal wave of pa
triotism Is rolling over the country. The
"pence-at-any-prlco men" of four or five
weeks ago are leading In the war today.
The men who were laggards live weeks
ago, saying the country should com
piomlse Us honor, should compromise
everything for peace, and permit the
women and children of Cuba to sinrve
by thousands, as they are starving now
and before we get Into Cuba they
will all be gone by starvation those
men have put themselves nt the head
of the procession, nnd ure carrying tho
flag, and we nre In the rear, beating
the drums nnd sounding the tlfes.
Mr. President, the Moloch of greed Is
to be fcatlstied at any price. On the
21st of last month we declared on high
Christian grounds, on grounds of clvlllz.
atlon even earlier than that, I think
that we would Intervene In tho affairs
between Spain and Cuba to put a sfp
to unspeakable cruelty. Within 96 miles
of our shores DOO.000 old men, boys,
women, and sucklings had been starved
to death. The civilized world would not
Stand it longer. Hut here we were,
the giant of the western continent, an.l
I think when properly organized tho
most powerful nation on earth In nil re
spects, sitting down supinely, watching
the process cf extermination go on In
Cuba with scarcely a protest against it.
After a time, Mr. President, there
came a quickened public sentiment nnd
a demand that something be done; nnd
we all remember how the peace-at-any-prlce
men skirmished for delay delay
until the people of Cuba could be com
pelled to assume a $500,000,000 interest
bearing obligations. When that did not
succeed, the peace-at-any-prlce men fell
In and put themselves at the head of
the procession, and they have been
running the war since then.
Mr. President, when will the war
terminate. Jf It closes when the bond
and franchise determines It shall, it
will close only when they force from
the remnants of the people of Cuba nnd
the other Islands financial conditions
which will satisfy them: and It will not
terminate sooner than that unless there
Is a popular uprising that can not be
resisted. So we are marching under
the gold standard today, If at all, and
our fleets are sailing under the stand
ard of the peace-at-any-prlce men.
Every Interest of our country, even the
patriotism of the country, must be
coined Into obligations bearing Interest'
when there is not the slightest necessity
. Mr. Rawlins Will It Interrupt tho
senntor If I nsk permission to have a
bill laid before tho senate?
Mr. Allen For notion?
Mr. Rawlins Yes, sir.
Mr. Allen I can not suffer an Inter
ruption to pass n bill at this time, bo
cause I nm nenrly through, nnd I would
not wnnt my remarks so ruthlessly cut
In two nnd bo unceremoniously de
stroyed. I shall be through In a mo
ment. I want to put myself on record ns
being now, ns I have always been,
against the Issuance of bonds at ul),
nnd I hope to see the time como when
congress will have patriotism enough
In both branches of It to tnke awny the
power from the secretary of the treas.
ury to Issue bonds, unlenw speflcally au
thorized to do so. When there is neceB
slty, Mr. President, for the issuance
of bonds nnd that necessity Is presented
to congress, the secretary of the treas
ury will never be Without It. Congress
will confer thnt authority whenever It
Is necessary, but It Is n most danger
ous power to place In the hands of a
subordinate officer. The constitution
devolves on congress the whole flnancla.
policy of the nation the power to tax,
the power to raise revenue, the power
to coin money, the power to emit bills
of credit, the power to control the en
tire financial policy of the nation nnd
Ih It possible, Mr. President, thnt there
Is more wisdom In nn average secre
tary of the treasury than there Is In
both branches of congress?
A continuing power to Issue bonds
never would have been given in the
early days of the republic And yet tho
secietnrles of the treasury have de
sired so much to use tho power that
they have Issued bonds In absolute vio
lation of Inw. There wns not a bond
Issued of the $263,000,000 under the ad
ministration of drover Cleveland that
Is not absolutely void. John O. Car
lisle had no more power to Issue bonds
than my distinguished friend from
Louisiana (Mr. McEnery) hnd at that
time or nt this.
There Is not n word In tho statutes,
and there was not a word there then,
authorizing the secretary of the trens.
ury to Irsuc bondH; nnd I say In the
face of his frlendH here that he violated
the duties of his ofllce and the con
stitution of the United Stntes when ho
Issued those bonds. Yet so strong Is
this power,' that that man, who had
been the chnmplon df sliver for years
In this chamber nnd outsldo of It, bowed
to Kb yoke, nnd exceeded his nuthorlty
.In the Issuance of bonds, simply to pla
cate tne money power.
What Is to be expected, Mr. Presi
dent, of n country where n thing of that
kind enn tnke place with Impunity?
Does every mnn know thnt civilization
Is Imperiled when n great public offi
cer, In defiance of his duty, in viola
tion of the statute, In vlolntlon of the
constitution, can crente u debt for the
people to pay, that will be n burden on
them for generations to rome?
We nre likewise Informed that the
present secretary of the treasury thinks
he has the power to Issue bonds. No
doubt he thinks so. He represents aim
ply one class of people, nnd that Is the
cent-per-cent class so nply described by
Mr. Dickens In the Veneering fnmlly.
Do you suppose the secretnry of the
treasury for a moment thinks of the
man who tolls and labors and strug
gles for a living? He cares nc moro
for him than for a benst of burden. He
Is only one of the small factors In the
accumulation of wealth. And yet It
Is true thnt no man enn become the
head of the treasury department of the
United States who does not go there ns
the pet of this particular money power
and to administer tho nffalrs of the
government In Its Interests.
I have nothing to fenr from the sec
retnry of the treasury, nnd I certnlnly
have no lovo for his administration of
his ofllce. I say that his policy Is to
keep up the interest obligations on the
people until every man. womnn and
child of the 75.000.000, nnd the 100,000.
000 that are to come pretty soon, will
be the bond slave and the servant of
the few, and our government will pass,
as It Is rapidly pnsslng today, from n
lepublle to nn offensive aristocracy.
I have nothlrg to sny as to the policy
we aie likely to pursue In the present
war. It would not be proper for me
to friiolse wh.it has been done ot what
hay not been done thus far. I d6 not
piopose by anything I may say nt this
time or nt nny other time to lay any
obst ruction in tho load of the president
of the United Stntes In conducting this
war to a sucre?.ful termination. I can
not. however, resist the temptation of
calling nttrntlon incidentally to this
fact, to which I hnve icferred. I think,
during my remarks.
We started out to relieve the recon
centrndos of Cuba, who were torvlng
to death, who. I am Infoimed by coin
petent and proper nulhoilty, nre now
dying by the thousands dally, and wo
have not taken to them one morsel of
bread, not n particle of raiment, nor n
cup of water with which to assuage
their thirst. They are suffered to die
today, as they weie dying months urv
The very purpose for which this war
was Inaugurated to carry out n Chris
tlan civilization and to relieve those
people has been abandoned, nnd they
nre suffered to starve more etVetually
than they were before the war was
Mr. President, I will vote every dol
lar nnd every man necissiry to success,
fully conduct the war. I fool somewhat
lnter?sted In It because I received from
the effete east a day or two ago a
newspaper clipping saying that Populist
Allen from Nebraska was largely re
rpcnplbh for the agitation that brought
abf.ut tho war nnd wanting to know
why I did not enter the army. Mr.
President, you know there are a ureal
many patriots nowadays whJ nre not
particularly con-erned about going Into
th- army themselves, but deidr-j some
body else to do so.
I served through one war. I think I
had th honor of being in a battle
where you and I, Mr. President (Mr.
Mills In the chair), were on opposite
sides; and yet, as I said to my amiable
and good friend 'rom Wisconsin (Mr.
Spooner) some weeks ngo, if it becomes
necesary to have more men, I will re
sign my position If he will resign his,
and we will take our muskecs nnd go
side by side as private Midlers and dis
charge our duty as best we can.
Mr. Spooner That strikes me as a
very poor sort of DatrlotUm
Mr. Allen It ma be, but I th'nk
Mr. Spooner The senator Is wlK'ng,
If It becomes necessary In order to serve
the government tnd vlndlcat; in na
tional honor, to go Into the army tcr
that purpoae, it somebody else will
Mr. Allen The renator and I served
about the same length of time In the
last war on the eame side, but the
senator wns wearing shoulder attsps at
that time, and I was carrying a mus
ket nnd knapsae'e.
M. Spooner I sirved a while without
any shoulder straps, or any other
ndornn cnt except a knapsack.
Mr. Allen Not very long.
air. spooner Long enough.
Mr Allen Not long enough to Injure
you The senator wns riding a horse
nnd vas drawing a good salary, nnd he
had a servant to cook for him, and all
those things. I did not. I was the
fellow who carried tho knapsack nnd
Mr. Spooner Perhaps you cooked.
Mr. Allen No; I was the man who
carried the knapsack and a gun: and
I wnlked; I did not ride. I cooked
Mr. Spooner Nor did I ever ride. I
Mr. Allen You hnd a right to ride.
Mr. Spooner 1 hnd no right to ride.
Mr, Allen As n major?
Mr. Spooner I wns not a mnjor.
Mr. Allen Then 1 beg your pardon.
Mr. Spooner I wns a cnptoln of nn
Infantry company nnd marched with
Mr. Allen Hut you did not have to
entry nny knapsack; I'know that.
Mr. Spooner '""crimps I did not.
Mr. Allen That Is the rea33n I mnke
thr proposition I do to the senator.
Wo ure about the same nge, nnd I
wnnt to see him carry a musket nnd I
am willing to go with him nnd carry
one, too. I do not want to be promoted
to the position of assistant adjutant
general or assitant commissary general
oi anything of thnt kind. My appll
eaticn Is not on tile. I want to go
under these-clirumstances If It Is neces
sary; but I say to my friend frankly
thnt I do not vnnt to go nt my nge
unless, It Is necessnry.
rut, Mr. President, speaking nerl
cufdy, there ought not to bo a citizen
of the United Stntes who, ns n Inst
resort, would not be willing to lay
his life upon the altar of his country
in this great war against a nutlon whose
people have for two thousand years
been the known assassins of the world,
that we may drive them from this
continent, from the Philippines, from
Cubn and Puerto Rico; and, Mr. Presi
dent, If I hnd the power, I would drive
them from the Canary Islands, the Capo
Verde Islands, nnd from the peninsula
Itself and destroy them, In the hope
thnt out of their sickly civilization there
might grow n greater nnd a better na
tion. It Is barely possible, sir, that the
time has come, which was contemplated
by certain men, when the struggle be
tween the Anglo-Snxon and tho Lntln
Is at hand. It may be that we are en
tering that period where a long strug
gle, extending over years, 1b nbout to
be entered upon with uncertain re
sults. It was not altogether unwise in
a distinguished English statesman to'
cnll attention a few days ago to the
probable necessity of closer relations
between the English spenklng and Ger
man spenklng peoples. And yet, Mr.
President, I have taken, as I shall In
the future, n firm stand against any
alliance between this country and Eng
Innd until England shnll be willing to
do by Irelnnd wbnt we do by our
states give them self-government and
absolute home rule.
Fortunes Made From War.
Fortunes hnve been mnde by the
mnnlpulntlon of war loans; at the be
ginning of the rebellion the national
bond Issue and the stability of the gov
ernment, which made the bonds of
value, were both regarded with doubt.
The loan could not be negotiated abroad
owing to England's secret but bitter
hostility to the north, and to the mis
trust of the Rothschilds. Tho late Jay
Cooke, a western bunker, undertook the
sale of these bonds; he placed the orig
inal $5.20 loan of $530,000,000 as well as
subsequent loans, which In the aggre
gate amounted to over $1,000,000,000. This
is aid to have been one of the most
remarkable achievements In the history
of the world's finances. His profits from
the undertaking ran up Into the mil
lions, but it was a service of paramount
importance to the United States.
The placing of the Internal revenue
tax a war measure to Increase the In
come of the government was not with
out Its opportunity for aggrandizement.
Certain grave senators are said to have
made comfortable fortunes by peddling
what were known as "whisky tips."
These tips the standard price for
which seems to have been nbout $10,
000 were engerly sought by specula
tors, who bought and stored large quan
tltes of whisky, knowing it would ad
vance In price the moment the tax
was placed upon It.
One year prior to tho war. cotton
sold at UVt cents a pound In the mar
kets of the world! Two years later It
was selling at 24Vfe cents, this rise, and
those which followed, forcing It up to
65 cents, and affecting the price of all
Having foreseen the condition that
war would necessarily create In the
south, A. T. Stewart, New York's great
dry goods merchant, had bought and
stored millions of yards of cotton goods
of all descriptions. In a single year from
this source he realized $1,000,000.
Devlin & Co. of New York, a great
wartime firm of clothiers, profited in a
somewhat slmlllar wuy. When It was
seen that war was Imminent they pur
chased all the cloth they could find In
the market suitable for uniforms, and
not even waiting for the call for troops
began the manufacture of overcoats
nnd army clothes. They had 75,000 of
these wicked nnd ready for shipment
when the president's call for men came,
and these uniforms were worn by the
tlrst troops that rrnrched to the front.
It was during the tlrst year of the war
that the word "shoddy" came into use.
It wns applied to the worthless gar
ments furnished the government by dls.
honest contractors, but after the first
year the giving out of contracts was so
well managed that frauds of this sort
became well night Impossible.
It was the rise In the price of cotton
that made blockade running profitable
to English ship owners. The cargoes
were sent out to Hermuda or Nassau
and there transferred to the fast stenm.
ers that were to make the hazardous
run to some confederate port. The
profits were so great that a single suc
cessful run would more than pay for
the best steamer afloat and meet he
expenses of the voyage Into the bar
gain. How It flourished, and what In
ducements It had to flourish, may be
Judged from the fact that during the
war the blockading fleet took or de
ployed more than 700 vessels engaged
In the trade.
Japanese Commercial Schools The
Japanese have established commercial
schools where the methods of commerce
and business practice are taught. The
whole system, according to the London
and China Telegrsoh, Is one to which
even Anglo-Saxon countries have not
yet attained. Among the modern fea
tures of government which exist In
Jnpap are government-owned railways
and telegraphs, and, of course, postal
A WAR ROMANCE.
Buchanan, In Bouletourt county. Vir
ginia, nostllng high In the Blue Ridge
mountains, In a valley formed by loft
ier peaks, Is one of the little, towns
which experienced an abnormal Infla.
tlon during the boom which visited the
state, followed by such Ignominious re
BUlts ns nre described by Aesop In his
nnratlve of the ambitious frog. ltB
tiiuoo-Kiijwn uouievaras, Bllent factories
and building lots are mute reminders
of the vanity of human aspirations
when reared upon an Insufficient foun
dation. One moves nbout them with
a sense of melnncholy ns nrnong the
corpses of dend hopes. The chimerical
feature of the little village lies west of
Its Inhabited portion.
To the east of It a few' blackened,
apldly diminishing ruins tell of Its past.
The town Is situated on the right bnnk
of, the James river, and a bridge which
spanned the stream at this point wns
fired by McCauslahd in his retreat be
fore Averlll In 1S64. the flnmes from
which, communlcntlng with ndjacent
buildings, had wrought this work of
destruction. The only authenticated ro
mance ot the wnr which has come to
my knowledge grew out of the union
gcnernl's ten days' halt there, but sit
with me on the verandah of the old
fashioned brick house, which stands on
the main street of the village, nnd listen
iu me story as i neard it from the lips
of the aged housekeeper of Its heroine.
"A generation," the old lady began,
"has been born nnd tins renched matur
ity since that Juno day In 1864, nnd yet I
recnll Its events with far more vividness
than the happenings of yesterdny. I
have only to close my eyes to see again
the little band of confederates, faint
with fasting and fatigue, as they pass
ed along the street yonder. The villag
ers had rifled their smoke houses and
pantries In prepnrntlon for their com
ing. As they nenred this house, Mil-
uieu, umnei Warrington s young
daughter, and I stood at the gate and
distributed the contents of two Immense
baskets among them; and when these
were exhausted our own frugal dinner
wns taken from the fire and distributed
to those who were still unsupplled.
Then, breathless with anxiety, for they
were hotly pursued by the enemy, we
watched them until the last retreating
form wns swallowed up In the distance
It wns well thnt they hnd lost no time,
for nt this moment Averlll, arriving at
the opposite side of the river, nnd sup.
posing them still In range, opened his
battery upon the town. A large cellar
extends beneath this house, and ou
terror-stricken neighbors and ourselver
sought refuge In It. for shot rattled
nround us like hnll. nnd shells burst In
our very midst. How long the enn
nonndlng continued I cannot sny, but
when the union general discovered that
It was directed only ngnlnst helpless
women nnd children nnd not less help
less old men, it ceased, nnd we emerced
from our hiding plnce. As we did so
the ronr nnd crnekle of blazing timbers
met our ears, nnd black ascending
smoke clouds. Issuing from the lower
end of the village, told us that It was
" 'The town Is on fire. Catherine,' Mil
dred cried, wringing her hands. 'Oh
think how many will be made homeless
and destitute!' Then, a sudden resolve
seizing her. 'I will go to them!' she ex
claimed. 'Who knows what service I
mny be able to render.'
"'Don't!' I Implored, putting forth
both hnnds to detain her. 'Think of the
risk you run. Think of my anxiety In
regard to you!'
" 'Kittle.' she said, turning back for
an Instant and lifting her beautiful,
earnest face to mine, 'neither your fears
nor my own should prevent me doing
nn evident duty. Besides, you must not
be anxious nbout me. I nm strong and
nctlve. nnd will be very careful.' Then,
with sudden anguish In her voice, 'Oh
these are precious, precious moments I
am wasting,' and so saying she tore
herself from me nnd was gone.
"I had taken her. with her sister, an
Infant of a few hours, ns a dying be
quest from their mother Just four years
before. The weight of the responsibility
hnd never borne so heavily upon me ns
now, however, with their father nwny
In the army, and Mildred bursting Into
a lovely flower, Into womanhood, and ns
she sped away down the street and dis
appeared behind the drab smoke curtain
which parted to receive her. I stood
leaning upon the gate to watch for her
"At this moment the sound of clat
tering hoofs nmnte upon my ear. nnd
a union soldier, his hcrse white with
foam, dashed past me, flourishing c
glittering sword In the air He hnd
discovered a ford at the opposite end
of the village and wns the first federal
to enter the town. The ret soon fol
lowed. They hnd gathered bouquets
of the mountain Ivy, with which the
woods were Just then festooned, fas
tening them to the ends of their bayo
nets. "As they passed down the street, the
band at their head plnylng 'Hall Colum
bia.' they lo.iked like a moving par
terre, but I scarcely heeded them In
my ngony, for how wns she to make
her way back to me through this thronu
of hostile soldiery. After what seemed
to me to be hours of wretched waiting 1
saw tl'e gleam of n white dress amir1
the uniformed ranks, and Mildred with
downcast eyes and blnnched cheeks
came toward me, escorted by n union
ofllcer. She passed quickly through the
gate, which I held open to receive her
nnd ns she took my hand In her I felt
how "lie trembled.
" 'Kittle,' she said, drnwing me for
ward, 'this Is Captnln Crawfoul. CJenern'
Averlll's aid. He has been very kind In
bringing me back to you, nnd In help
ing our friends to save their property.'
"I was profuse in my ncknowiedge.
ments. but the stranger waived them
saying ns he wiped the moisture from
his brow with n marvelous cambric
" 'If I mny be pardoned the liberty. I
would suggest thnt Just now you keep
n closer surveillance over your younp
charge. This Is scarcely a time when'
I think he would hove said 'beatulful,'
but he checked himself nnd. after a mo
ment's hesitation, added- 'When n
young lndy may go abroad In safety
without a protector.'
"There Is on expression which I have
more than once observed In a certain
shade of gray eyes a look of absolute
fearlessness and crystalline honesty
that I hnve seen In no other color. Cap
tain Crawford's eyes had that look, and
as he stood before me on that spot
Just Inside the Inclosure I thought I
had never beheld a nobler countenance.
"We were very fortunate In having
made his acquaintance, for he at once
stationed two guards upon the prem
ises, with a third to occupy a room In
the house at night. It was also a relief
to find thnt our friend himself was
also within hnll. for General Averlll se
lected the lot diagonally opposite our
own as Ms hendouarters. It surround
ed the Presbyterian parsonage, the oc
cupants of which fled nt the approach
of the enemy, nnd with Its well-kept
lawn oni overshading trees was a
lovely spot. It was gay with the tents
of the officers, nnd we could hear the
sound of their laughter and murmuring
voices a.s they lounged about, smoking
and playing cards. The band, too,
the verandah In the moonlight th
general's lovely voice singing 'Then
You'll Remember me,' and other famil
iar airs to the accompaniment of a gui
tar was watted to us on the breeze.
"Captain Crawford was over bright
and early next morning to ask how we
had fared during the night. I observed
that his right hand was bound up, nnd
that his cheeks nnd eyes were feverish.
"I wns so unfortunnte as to burn It
at the fire yesterday," he said In reply
to my Inquiries In regard to It, "and In
consequence of not having It dressed I
nau miner a bad night of It."
'"But why was it not dressed?' I
asked. 'You must have surgeons at
"The Captain's face flushed hotly. He
hesitated for a moment, and then said
with tevldent effort:
" 'The truth Is, I didn't care to enter
Into any explanations as to how the In
Jury wns received.'
"An awkward silence followed this ad
mission, and then Mildred snld, speak
ing very Blowiy:
" 'Let me see your hand.'
"He tugged nt the bnndnge for a few
moments, snylng, ns he stretched forth
the wounde dmember;
" 'I'm afraid It's rather an unsightly
"Unsightly! The term was n mild one
with which to describe It. The palm
was raw, and the back nnd fingers ter
rlbly blistered. A sight of this sort
always had a particularly unpleasant
effect upon me, and I turned away feel
ing faint nnd 111.
"Mildred, too, grew pnle.
wait a moment,' Bhe said hurrying
away, 'while I get something to put on
"She soon returned, holding In one
hand a saucer of flaky lard, and In the
other raw cotton nnd soft linen for
" 'You see, I have only confederate
remedies,' she said, as they placed
themselves opposite each other In the
"I kept them In view, slttlntr here on
tho verandah, nnd I could see how deft
ly she covered the cotton with the
soothing ointment, nnd how skillfully
she sepnrated the wounded fingers, nnd
wrapped them nbout with It.
" 'This finger,' Captain Crawford said.
Indicating the little finger ot his right
hand, is the only one that has escaped,
but the ring' turning the plain gold
band which encircled It nbout ns he
spoke 'cuts Into the one next It, and
must come off."
"He held it between the thumb nnd
forefinger of his uninjured hand, while
Mildred placed the other In the sling
which she had fastened about his neck.
" 'I believe.' he said, as, having fin
ished her task, she gathered her simple
appliances together as If for departure,
you would feel repaid for all the trou
ble you have taken If you knew how
much more comfortable you have mnde
me. I nm all the more grateful,' he ad
ded, "because I know whnt n staunch
Ittle confederate you are."
If thine enemy thirst," ' quoted
Mildred, half under her breath, ns If
giving utterance to thought which had
all the while been running through her
" 'For heaven's sake, don't heap coals
of fire on my head.' laughed Crawford,
putting forth a deprecating hand. 'I
hnve had quite enough of thnt already.
Besides,' smiling down upon her, 'I am
not your enemy.'
" 'You nre the enemy of my country,'
she said vehemently, the blood rushing
to her cheeks. 'I could more readily for
give you If you were my own.'
" 'I don't even admit thnt,' he said,
speaking very gently. 'The truth Is, we
understand things differently, that's all.
According to my way of thinking, the
North and South are necessary to each
other as necessary as the man Is to
the woman, and the woman to the man.
What would this country be today, do
you suppose. If It hod not been for the
New England element In It? Why, the
hardy northerners, with the study quali
ties which are theirs by Inheritance,
toughened by the circumstances of their
lot. are the bone and sinew ot our body
politic. And what would we do with
out the South, and the southern wo
men.' he added, his eye kindling ns It
rested upon her upturned face, 'the
most feminine that God ever made?'
"Mildred's eyes drooped. 'You must
came back again,' she snld, turning
a second time to go, 'If I can be of any
use to you.'
" 'Don't leave me,' he begged 'I want
you to put my ring on for me. Recol
lect how helpless I am. There,' ns she
complied with his request, 'see how
loose It is. I had no Idea there was
o much difference In the size of my
hands. , 'Won't you, he said pleadingly,
drawing nearer to her, 'wear It for me
until my burns are healed? It was my
mother's wedding ring. She put It upon
my hand almost the last thing before
?he died, exacting a promise from me
that I would never be guilty of any
thing which I should be ashamed to
have her know. I have nlways tried to
keep that promise, but I believe I could
.keep It better If I knew that you, too,
had worn the ring."
"Mildred looked up. There were tears
In the beaultful, pleading eyes. They
"ffaced In an instant the lines which
factional feeling had drawn between
them; nnd. Impelled by kindred sorrow,
she stretched forth her slender right
" 'Not that one,' he whispered, and.
Mngerlng long over the task, he placed
he ring upon the third finger of her
"Captain Crawford came morning and
evening to have his hand dressed. I
was never far nway en these occas
nns, and, although his words were not
always audible, I could see how earnest
lis face wns, nnd I nlso noted the an
swering emotion In Mildred's own ex
"The evening before Averlll left Bu--hanan
he came again, and they stood
together In the moonlight In this very
spot. I was sitting Just Inside the hall
door holding Margaret, who had fallen
asleep in my lap, and waiting for a
servant to put her to bed, for she was
too heavy for me to carry.
" 'I have come,' I heard Crawford say,
'to bid you good bye. We leave early In
:he morning, and I can scarcely hope to
ee you again.'
"Something followed which I did not
catch; then I heard him speak again,
this time with pleading earnestness.
" 'But you will wear It as a token of
forgiveness as an assurance that you
do not despise me as I despise myself
for a course which, under the circum
stances, would seem base and unmanly.
Believe me,' he continued, his voice
growing more and more tender.'I should
never have revealed the feeling which I
have for you had I possessed the
strength to conceal It.'
"I could hear how Mildred's voice
trembled In reply to him. but her words
escaped me. A brief silence followed,
In which Margaret's regular breathing
and my own heart throbs were distinct
ly audible. Then there was a tremu
lous 'God bless you!" from Crawford
nnd I heard him turn from her and go
down the brick walk and out through
When th union troops had left Bu
chanan I observed that Crawford's ring
was still on Mildred's finger, but It had
never been my way to seek her confl.
dence, nnd I made no comment upon it.
Letters, too, which I was sure were
fwM iiiia -wuuJn4ij to ruiniA to Iiaj for
months after their departure. I could
see how pleased she looked as she read
them, and then how angry with herself
that she was pleased.
"It was when her father was brought
home, shot through the heart In one of
the battles around Richmond, and laid
In that room yonder, dressed for his
last Journey In his worn suit of gray,
that she first spoke of the ring.
" 'Was I wrong to promise to wear
It, Kittle?' Bhe said, clinging to me and
" 'No,' I answered, putting my arms
about her, 'He deplored this cruel blood
shed as much as any of us, but he re
sponded to the call of his native state
as he pointing to the darkened cham
ber where lay the silent sleeper did to
his. Each was actuated by a sense of
duty. Neither could have done other
wise.' "The termination of the war follow
ed close upon Colonel Cnrrlngton's
death, ushering In a period of death
and depression far harder to bear than
the actual hostilities themselves, and
for a time only Mildred's little school
kept the gaunt wolf of wnnt from our
Fifteen yenrs went by. We hnd been
to our baby Margaret's wedding, and,
waving our adieus to her, had seen her
drive away, a happy laughing bride.
"It was In the early autumn, and It
had grown chilly ns the evening ad
vanced, but I think It wns more for the
sake of cheerlness than the warmth
that we had lighted a wood fire In the
library on our return, nnd drawn our
chairs In front of It. The brealc In our
little circle had saddened us, and we
were sitting there absorbed In our own
thoughts when a ring at the bell was
followed by the entrance of a visitor.
"It was the village postmaster, who,
seating himself In the chair we had
wheeled forward for his reception, drew
a letter from his pocket and handed It
" 'Read that.' he said, 'and tell me If
you can tell what It means.'
"She drew nearer to the light nnd as
she scanned the contents the blood re
trated from her very lips. I led the old
man Into the discussion of the latest
bit of gossip that she might recover
herself, for I knew, as If by intuition,
who the letter was from. '
"As she retored It to him she turned
to me, saying with n laugh. 'It's some
one making Inquiries about me.Klttie.
We nre to come Into possession of a
fortune, after nil. Who knows?'
" 'Do you remember,' she asked after
our guest had gone, 'General Averlll's
aid, who was so kind to us during the
" 'Remember him.' I repeated, 'of
course I do.'
" 'That letter was from him.' she said
softly. 'He wanted to know If I were
still here, nnd If n letter nddressed to
me by my old name would reach me,
or if I had exchanged It for another.'
" 'And thnt second letter.' I said. 'If It
Is whnt I think you will not steel your
heart against him promise me that,
"She was silent, but I read the an
swer to my question In her drooped face
and flushing cheek.
"They were married a few months
afterward; married in the little church
yonder, very quietly, for was not her
father sleeping near? The ring which
had so long encircled her finger was
removed by the hand that had placed
in there, but It was restored a moment
afterward restored with the solemn
words of the marriage service, and be
came the emblem ot their plighted
It was the Last Straw.
The highway ran through a piece of
thick woods, with a small -clearing and
a dilapidated cabin to the right. A
stout rope wns stretched ncross the road
and as I reached It I noticed a man sit
ting on the cnbln stepsand after puz
zling u little I called out:
"Is the road blocked beyond?"
"Not as I know of," he replied.
"It Is a toll road?"
"Never heard It was."
"But there Is a rope here to
"Yes; I nut It there.' 'he replied.
"Stranger, git down from yer hoss and
come nlong over here."
I did as requested, and found him a
long, Jean man, with a tone of com
plaint In his voice and an expression of
martyrdom on his face. Inside the
door, rocking to and fro and smoking
her pipe, was a middle-aged woman
whom I took to be his wife.
"What Is the object of that rope?" I
asked as I stopped beside him.
"It's to make folks halt and turn in
here." he replied In a husky voice.
"But why do you want them to turn
"To hear my story, sah. I want to
talk to you about ten minlts, and then
I'll drap the rope and you can go on
Stranger, do you see weeds and thistles
and bresh around you?"
"Plenty of them," I answered as I
looked over his small clearing.
"And do you take notice of this
shackelty ole cabin which Is ready to
fall down any day?"
"And what do you reckon we've got
In the cabin to eat and drink?" he con
tinued as his voice broke and grew
pathetic. "True ns you live, sah, we
hnln't got nothln' but mighty pore co'n
meal not fltten fur hawga."
"Well, that's bad."
"And look at me stranger look at
me!" he almost sobbed as he rose up
like a scare crow. "I'm redooced to
rags. I've had ager every other day
fur the last two years. I hain't tasted
whisky or terbacker fur months!"
"That's hard lines," I replied In a
"I should say it wuz! I mout hev bin
a big lawyer or run for ofllce, but I cum
up yere to squat In this place to please
that woman In thar! I did It bekase I
loved her. My love fur her has redooced
me to this, and ylt what did she do arter
all this?" "
"I have no Idea,"
"Wall, you won't believe It when I
tell you. Arter all this, sah arter all
this beln' redooced and sufferln' fur her
sake arter growln poorer and poorer
till the only thing we've got left Is
a woodchuck skin wuth two bits, she
gits up this mawnln' and calmly says
to me that she wants to take It to
town and sell It fur snuff! Ar ye 11a
tenln' to me, stranger ar ye llstenln'
to what I say?"
I replied that I was; and he wiped a
tear from either eye and let his voice
quaver as he struck the door with his
fist and continued:
"And that shows ye how a man kin
be made a fule ofthrough his love, and
how my ole woman wants to roll in
riches while I starve, and how the worm
kin turn. I'll drap the rope now and
you kin pass on, but you Jest tell folks
that the worm has turned nt last, and
that Andrew Jackson Danvers hain't
got no woodchuck skin to trade fur
snuff not In his dyin' life!"
Railroad cars can be quickly unload,
ed by a new machine which la provided
with a section of tubing large enough
to receive the car, which runs in on
two rails, after which the tube la lifted
and rolled upward at an angle until
the top of the chute la reached, an
opening In the tube permitting tVe load
ta fail Jnto the chute.
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