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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1898)
One year Gravenhorst, early In May,
removed twenty old queens, replacing
them with queens Hint hnd begun to
lay. Nineteen of the twenty colonies
swarmed. But when the young queen
Is reared In the colony he has never
known such young queens to swarm
Doollttle gives some figures (Glean
ings, page 39G.) The first young queen
emerges from her cell In about seven
days after the prime Bwarm Issues.
Queens which have their own way fly
to meet the drone when nbout five to
seven days old, and begin to lay two or
three days later; seventeen dnys Is
the shortest time a young queen Is
likely to be laying after the prime
swarm Issues. But eggs are so scarce
that It Is hardly worth while to look for
them till three or four days later. If
after-swarms Issue, then the time la
lenghtened several days. Mr. Doollt
tle's practice Is to allow for brood eggs
the twenty-third day from swarming
If there nre no after-swarms, and four
days later If there ore after-swarms.
The Inland .revenue department at Ot
twa has shut -off all adulteration of
honey In Canada. There is nothing but'-
pure honey sold there now.
The Ideal Super Is the rather Im
posing name applied to a super that
tins won Editor E. B. Root from his
loyalty to the section-holder, and
seems to be in a fair way to secure
the allegiance of Dr. Miller to the aban
donment of the T super. If fences and
plain sections nre to be used. The Ideal
takes tall sections, the super having a
strip of tin ns a support at each end
at the bottom, the same as the T super,
but In place of T tins It has plain
wooden bars running lenghtwlse, the
sections resting on these bottom bars.
In the American Bee Journal Mr.
William Stalley of Hall county. Neb.,
says he has twenty-eight colonies of
bees which take twenty-eight days of
his time each year, and rnise honey for
him which sells for 15 cents per pound.
He stnrted with six colonies In 1SS0;
has made $3,722.83 since then or $213
each year, which he considers good
wages for twenty-eight days' work. He
loves bees and advises all farmers to
(From the United States Farmer's Bul
letin, No. 71.)
The following article on beef produc
tion Is condensed from bulletin No. 71.
It should lie carefully read by every
fnrmer who raises beef for the mar
ket. GOOD BEEF FOBM.
Teh first thing that should be looked
to is the general beef form low,
brond. deep, smooth and even, with
parallel lines. No wedge shape or sharp
protruding spinal column Is wanted for
Next in Importance Is a thick even
coveilng of Hip light kind of meat In
the parts that give high pi Iced cuts.
The rib and loin tuts command over
four times the n-rnge price paid for
the remainder of the carcass, and It
Is nppaient that the practical beef nnl
mal must be good In these pans.
LOOK TO THE BACK AND BIBS.
Brond, well cornered backs and ribs
are absolutely necessary to a good car
cass of beef, and no other excellencies,
however great, will compensate for the
lack of this essential. It is necessary to
both breed and feed for thickness In
Mere thickness and substance here
are not all. Animals that are soft
and patchy, or hard and rolled on the
back are sure to give defective and nil.
Jectlonnble carcasses, even though they
are thick, and they also out up with
correspondingly greater wnste.
FEED FOB SWEET QITICY MEAT.
The parts furnishing thppe high pr'eed
cuts must be thickly and evenly cov
ered with firm, yet mellow, flesh of
uniform good quality and alike free
from hard rolls nnd blubbery patches.
Course, harsh and gnudy nnimnls will
no longer be tolerated, much less those
that are bony and bare of flash on the
back and ribs.
The men who buy out rattle and fix
their market value are shrwd enough to
know almost at a glance how much
and Just what kind of meat a steer or
carload of steers will cut out, and If
the producer overlooks any of the es
sential points he Is compelled to bear
FOOD VALUE OF BUTTER MILK.
Tlmre is no material difference in the
feeding value of buttermilk and or
dinary skim milk, provided the former
Is not diluted with the wash water
from the churn, and that both aro
kept clean, and not allowed to become
sour. At the Massachusetts experiment
station, fed to pigs weighing nbout
fifty pounds at the beginning, 100
pounds gain In live weight was secured
from 1.351 pounds of buttermilk and
116 pounds of corn meal, and a similar
gain from 1.390 pounds skim milk and
115 pounds corn meal.
From this and other experlments.Prof.
Henry concludes that when feeding
Dne pound of meal to one pound to three
pounds skim milk, the latter is worth
13 cents per 100 pounds, when corn
sells nt $10 per ton, or three-tenths as
much as corn, nnd In the rnme propor
tion when corn Is higher or lower. When
fed at the rate of one pound meal to
seven to nine pounds skim milk, the
value of the latter decreases to 0 cents
per 100 pounds, when corn Is worth $10
per ton, or less than or.e-flfth as much
as corn. Hoard's Dairyman.
John Evans of Burton, near Lincoln,
Eng., Is a breeder of Lincolnshire red
shorthorns and has, for the last seven
years, been breeding them, with a spe
cial eye to dairy purposes. Selecting
only from his own herd, he has grad
ually brought up the yield in seven
years about HO gallons per cow. Profit,
one of his herd, was champion dairy
shorthorn for 1897. She dropped her
sixth calf August 17. made a total
yearly yield of 15,531 pounds of milk,
or thirty-seven pounds dally, fur 420
pounds butter. Another, after her
fourth calf, made 13,026 pounds milk nnd,
423 pounds butter.
The weight of the English gallon Is
10.32 pounds. We enn see. In the above
example, the profit that lies even in
so short a time as seven years, in be
ing obedient to the true principles of
dulry breeding. Mr. Evans had (lrst
to establish in his mind fixed ideas of
dairy for mand capacity in his cows
hnd then breed toward those Ideas,
riot away from them. Can nnyone sup.
jiose he would have Increased the dairy
quality of his heifers, one generation
after another. If he hnd bred toward
"general purposes?" He had to breed
away from the beef temperament nnd
toward the dairy temperament, and
that does not mean general purpose.
However. If you are breeding for
"beef production" study the points nnd
breed for beef, not for milk. No anl
mal can put the same food Into both
beef and butter. If you are a dairy
man breed for butter; If you aro a
stockman, breed for beef. You can't
breed for both inone animal.
WITH THE ROUGH RIDtRS.
When the war Is over nnd the bane
plays "When Johnny Comes Mttrclrint
Home,'' the dudes of Fifth avenue, whe
nre very largely represented in this
unique regiment, should turn out in a
body to welcome back to civilization, tu
the club nnd to society these young
dandles who fcisook the Waldorf din
ing room for the mess tent, the fenthei
bed for a rough beard and nil the sat
torlal splendor of New York's fashion
able tailors for the cavalryman's uni
form and a sombrero.
Already the hardships have begun
and life in camp with its manifold dis
comforts for the men who so willingly
donned the blue and stood In readiness
to obey the discipline put on them. All
the "400" will senrcely appteclate the
every day life of the fastidious young
society men nnd the hardships they nte
schooling themselves to In order to be
ready for the dash Into Cuba.
There are no coupes, no club rooms,
no Turkish baths, no drawing rooms,
no morning cocktails, no divans In the
blistering hot cornfield where the Fifth
avenue contingent Is camped. Nothing
but the seared soil of wicked Texas
the crude accommodations of the serv
ice and hours that sybarites are vio
lently opposed to.
Come to.Cnmp Roosevelt, WjUTme and
see Wuodbury Kane engaged In the
gentle art of making snleiatus biscuit-'
at sunrise under the tutorship of Henry
Hemming, one of the wildest plainsmen
ever brought up on the adobe of Texns.
For years Hemming has been com
pounding these gastronomic wonders,
nnd It took him but a minute to mnke
a skilful biscuit moulder out of the
crack polo rider.
"You see." said Bern, ns he is called
by the cow punchers, "I takes a few
handfuls of flour, shnkes It out nnd
mixes it with the freshest wnter these
parts contains and n little salt. Like
that. Then I chucks in a tnblespoonful
of saleratu? for each twenty biscuits
nnd Inserts the same Into a oven, if one
Is handy. If not, 1 flops 'em over. This
Of course. Lieutenant," remarked
Hemming one day, "these here saleiatus
propositions never sets well if you don't
"get out and ride 'em down Immediately
after eatin'. But they Invigorates a
gent Git on to a broncho and hit up
about half an hour's haid ridln' and
nothln'll bother you."
So far ns the brute bioneho Is con
cerned. "Ham" "Fish, Jr., has masteied
that particular product of the west like
an old hnnd Private Fish looked upon
liis bucking horse at first as a hard
;ustomer to handle, but finally found it
n good thing to wake lilm up at bugle
"I can't git 'em up,
I enn't git 'em up;
I can't git "em up in the morning."
When the notes rung ut at suniise
Mr. Fish thought he was being sere
naded, but In a very short time the
clatter of accoutrements and the sound
jf voices roused him from his slumbers
ind he realized that his bed was really
the hard bonid lie hail dreamed about
In his nlghttnnie, ot rather than it was
not a dream
'Go to the stable.
All ye that are able
And give your horses some corn."
When Mr Fish answered this bugle
.all and arrived at the quarters of his
siiount he found some i lingers tiying to
pet a bit lnt the mouth of a wilJ
cayuso Horn Dallas one that hud never
been proper l straddled by u human
"Let me take a fall out of that horse,"
raid Fish "1 suppose 1 11 have to do it
telly soon anyhow, and 1 may as well
Login at the worst bucker in the camp"
He was shortly accommodated, and in
less time than it takes to go Into the
details Mr Hamilton Fish. Jr., was
doing some of the most ungrateful
Htunts ever witnessed in San Antonio.
But it is worth while to state, if only
to tell the truth, that Mr Fish "stayed"
and, moreover, btoke the bucket so
completely that tin- animal bowed bis
weary bead and Hotted off to water
with the New Yorker comfortubly bet
tied on his bai-k
It Is the general Impiession at Camp
Rouse, ell now that Fish Is one of Buf
falo Hill's rough riders traveling Incog.
Alkali Wilson. Lariat Leonard and
Hank Harness, better known as the
"Barking Walrus from Tucson," called
on Fish as a committee and invited
him to go down to Weller rt much and
"Jine In a dance, now goin' on."
Guy Holllstor, Harry Bull, Pierce Gas
sett. Craig Wadsworth anil Kenneth
Robinson, leaders in Fifth nvenue sets,
find reel en Hon studying the trick of
loading and tying n pack saddle or
mending a pair of tabaderos.
Every day the regular rangers and
troopers from other regiments come
over to tin Roosevelt camp and offer
various members special Inducements
to Join them. Private Mason Mitchell
of New York was offered a first ser
genntry, but refused on the ground
that the New York contingent was
good enough for him. Goodrich, the
Hurvard athlete, refused promotion in
his own regiment, giving as a reason
that there were plenty of other more
competent men who deserved Hie ad
vance. "Rebellious Willie" Tiffany had a long
struggle with himself trying to get
used to Jerry Jackson's compounds. But
Jerry called Lieutenant Colonel Roose
velt Into the kitchen one day and had
him taste his ox-tall puree, with the
result that the colonel pronounced it
as delicate a soup as he had evev eaten.
Young Mr. Tiffany Is not used to Hurt
brand of cooking, but he got up an ap
petite for it after awhile, and now pre
fers a slice of bacon, n pari or licans. one
of Kane's biscuits and a cup of bluck
coffee to the private dinners at the As
toria. Young Kenneth Robinson, who Is nn
adept with the chafing dish at home,
and has a powerful liking for good
cooking, also tried IiIh hand at soup
making, and his Fifth avenue fi lends
agreed that his soup Is far more to
The most Important addition to the
camp came lately In the person of Sher
iff Daniel, who put down the lawless
ness In Dodge City. Kan., dining the
bad days, and five deputy sheiiffs from
Cripple Creek, where every citizen car
ries a six pistol and holds revolver
practice on his neighbor.
The strictest military rule Is observed
and every exit and entrance to the
camp Is guarded by a soldier armed
with a Krag-Jorgensen rille.
At 10.30 taps is sounded, and Hie reg
iment, save those who gunrd, put out
their lights and stretch on the boards,
with only n blanket under them. The
troop sleeps on the lloor of the exposi
Far away on the Atlantic seaboard
nre thos-e whom they have left behind.
There arc sweet memories of wide ve.
Hindus at Larclunnnt. moonlight nights
up the Hudson, cotillons at Fifth ave
nue homes, dear old Broadway and the
yellow cable cars, yachting parties on
the sound, her eyus, lior hand, her
But rough riders are simply rough
riders until after the war
WAR AND CRIME.
The Influences of a war arc nlwnyr
far reaching, and they arc often a p.
parent In the most unexpected quar
ters and under the most unexpeetec.
conditions. One enn readily understand
how certnln branches of trade shoulr
be affected by our present difficult
with Spain, nnd how the stock market
Bhould feel Its Influences, That Ir tc
be expected, and Is not In Itself a mat.
ter to be wondered at.
But there Is cause for wonder In the
fact that here In New York (and It If
rensonnble to suppose the same condi
tions exist elsewhere) the war has had
an astonishing effect upon crime. With
In the last two months the police de
partment and the criminal courts have
experienced n remarkable change. It
Is safe to say that not In twenty yearJ
has there been so little evidence ol
crime In New York as nt the present
A ensual glance through the pnges ol
the dally papers will show that crim
inal news Is a scarce nrticle. Whero
six months ngo you were wont to bo
shocked nt the breakfast table by sick
ening details of some atrocious deedt
or where you were obliged to scan
column after column .of. criminal Intel
llgence, you now see little evidence
Hint crime still exists In New York,
And now-you will at once Jump to th)
conclusion that 'the reason lies In thi
fact that such news Is either, "boiled
down" by Hie gentlemen with blue pen
ells, with whom every nowspnper olllcu
is plentifully supplied, or else Is crowds
ed out altogether to make room for'
war news. It Isn't becnuse there Is lesii
crime, you will probably argue, bui
simply because there Is less room lit
the papers In which to exploit It.
But there you are wrong. Boiled
down the chronicles of crime certainly
nre to meet the exigencies of the sltu
ntlon, but there Is comparatively little
to boll down. I spent a day last week
In Investigating the situation and in
attempting to arrive at some solution
to the problem. Everywhere, in the
riollce coutts. In the district attorney's
office, at police headquarters, 1 was as
sured that since hostilities with Spain
began there has been u great decrease
It was Impossible to procure subslan.
tlatory figures, but the situation speaks
for Itself. At Jeffeison Market police
court, where previously two sessions
were required every day, lasting on an
average two hours each, the entire bus
iness of the court Is disposed of very
often nt one sitting, which seldom lasts
more than nn hour. The same condi
tion of affairs prevails at the other po
The district attorney's ofllce also
p.oved the snme thing. Not since 1S71
has the olllce been so free from crim
inal cases. The dockets are thoroughly
?leoned out, and there Is no reason why
any person who has been Indicted and
released on ball should not have a trial
within five days. Assistant District At
torney Lindsay Is authority for the
statement Hint there is less crime In
,e V,rlr Onlnv flicm M, ,lli, It,, ,-1ir,,.u
two million souls, than when the total
population was eight hundred thou
The war is without a doubt at least
Indirectly responsible for this state of
affairs. Just why this should be opens
up a uroad Held for speculation nnd te
search, from n psychological point of
view. Is It that the criminals have all
enlisted? That Is not a pleasant solu
tion. It Is not a nice thing to think
that the defenders of a nation's bono
rue recruited from the crlmlnnl class. s
And yet it Is natural to suppose Urn -In
proportion Hie thieves and crooks o'
the lower class, the cutthroats and th
homeless wanderers have not negleeter'
the opportunity to enlist. Mr. Lindsay
is rather Inclined to this belief.
HAVE CRIMINALS ENLISTED?
"1 do not believe with Nordnu and
otheis of the degenerate school that
men are evil by birth or environment,"
he said to me. "Crlmcv to my way of
thinking, and 1 have had ample oppor
tunities to study it in Its every phase,
is almost invariably the result or either
Impulse or necessity. Every man's nat.
ural indentions are for good. Poverty
and want are the principal goad to
crime, aside from Impulse.
"These poor devils who are driven to
I stealing, and who afterward keep It
i up, have seen In the war an oportun
i Ity to get away from themselves, so to
i speak. A soldier's pay and a soldier's
I rations mearr a great deal to them. So
I dare say many of them hove enlisted "
A positive air of stagnation perme-'
ates police headquarters. Actlnc Chief
Devery and Captain McClusky of tho
detective bureau, both agree that crime,
nun iiireu iii ruiiy one-nan, ir not
more, since the first gun of the Spanish-'
American war was fired. Flat robbers'
are an scarce ns hen s teeth. And usu--ally
this Is the time -of year, or from
now on during the summer, that these
gentry nre usually most In evidence.
Even arrest for drank and disorderly
conduct are few and far between as
compared with the -usual number of
such petty offenses. The dipsomaniac,
the habitual drunkard, whose brain Is'
usually deadened, and whose sodder
mind is -so often In a state or pitiable
densltj jierhaps Is as habitually drunk
as ever. But the liquor does not now
have Its usuul stupefying effect
Low as lie may be In the social scale,
he cannot help foiling an Interest In
the war. There In something for him
to think abouL His sluggish brain
makes some effort to perform Its nor-,
mal functions, and the liquor which he
drinks acts lesir readily upon his sya-
And po it Is with .all classes of hu
manity. One scarcely realizes the in
tense Interest taken in the latest news
from the front until one comes in direct
contact with the various elements that;
go to make up the population of
Greater New York. The veriest Bow
ery bum Is keyed up tu a high pitch of
enthusiasm. Idleness and vice, under
such circumstances, could not possibly
be such close companions as when there'
are no weighty problems on the publfo
My visits to the police courts also
brought to my attention a new and
rather amusing side cf the situation.
The few drunks who were arraigned
at the bar of Justice from overindul
gence nt other bars were not slow tc
take advantage of the war spirit as an
extenuating circumstances for their of.
To the query, "What have you to say
for yourself?" the reply will usually bi
something line tins:
"Well, your honor, you see It was
this way. I stopped in a saloon win
some friends of mine to have a quiet
drink. We drank a toast to Dewey.
After a while we drank one to Samp
pon. Then, to show there was no hard
feeling, we had to drink one to Schley
Somebody suggested 'Fighting Bob,'
and we drank one to him. To tel,
the honest truth, we drnnk too many
and that's why I'm here. Don't bo
hard on me. Judge. This patriotism li
nil h 1 when It gets started."
Or some fellow will get nrrested and
locked up for lighting. Ten chances (o
one tho other fellow has made his es
cape, so there is no one but the police
man who made the arrost to contradict
the story, and the bluocoat, after he
hears It, only smiles,
FIOHTINQ BOB'S WIFE.
Mrs. Evans Comes From a Family
Mrs. Evans wna born and raised In
Washington, In atr atmosphere which
fostered her Innate patriotism. The
Taylors were well known In all the
heterogeneous circles which go to make
up what is known ns Washington so
ciety. Her father for years was the
proprietor of a book store on Pennsyl
vania avenue nnd numbered nmong his
friends and acquaintances the brightest
minds of the nation's capital. He was
a scholarly mnn, a lover of books nnd
a keen student of humnn nnture.
Old Mr. aylor was an Intense union
man. As a matter of fact, he pur
chased the first $100 bond Issued by the
government In conectlon with the civil
war, standing in front of the treasury
building all night long Hint he might
enter first when the doors were open.
This bond, appropriately framed, Is now
among the dearest possessions of Mrs.
Evans and occupies a place of honor
on the walls of the cottage at Fortress
Harry aylor and "Bob" Evnns were
boys together In Washington forty-five
of fifty years ngo. They went lo-school
together and played hookey together.
They were Insepurable until the age
.was reached When boys begin to take
notice or the fair sex, and then "Bob"
began to cast sheep's eyes nt Harry's
pretty sister. It Is a practice which
he bus never outgrown, He does It
The boys were both appointed to the
navnl academy at the same time, Sep
tember. I860. Then the civil war broke
out. Both were eager to fight. Their
studies were neglected. When they
should have been last asleep they were
whimpering to each other what they
would do If they only had the chance.
And the chance finally came. At the
end of three years both left the aca
demy and were ordered to duty with
squadrons operating along the southern
coast, and their dreams were at last
realized. Both saw service, and both
profited by their expeilence.
Among other fights, Evans figured In
both attacks on Fort Fisher. In the
last battle he received two severe
wounds nnd was relegated to the hos
pital. The suigeous examined his leg.
"It will have to amputated," they said.
That didn't suit young Evans. He
concluded that he still had some use
for that leg, and determined to usseit
his proprietary rights. Through some
means or other he secured a big navy
pistol, and when the surgeons came
back with their Instruments lie was
ready for them. One hand was hang
ing down behind his cot.
"What are you going to do?" he
"I'm afraid we shall have to amputate
your leg," replied the chief surgeon,
renchlng for his Instruments.
Like a flash young Evans" right arm
came Into view, and the sawbones foun 1
himself gazing into the muzzle of an
ugly looking pistol
"Drop that knife, d you!" ex
claimed the patient.
The order was obeyed.
"Now, I Just want n word with you
fellcws " continued young Evnns ' Tlint
leg doesn t corne off Do uu under
stand'' The first one of you who makes
a move to take It off will get a load
And he enn led the day. The leg
didn't come off It knit rapidly, and the
wounds healed under pioper treatment.
He carries a limp to thlr day. but lie
saved his teg. and that's the main
As is natural to suppose. Evans mor
rlifl his chum's sister, the sweetheart of
his bovhoo.l days. Maybe he was think
ing of -her when he si. veil his leg An
other of Taylor's sisters married Fred
erick Magulre. n wealthy merchant and
capitalist, of Washington, anil to even
matters up Taylor turned around and
nan ted Mnguire's sister. He wasn't to
Captain Evans nnd his wife hnve
three children The eldest, Chaiiot'e,
was married a short time ago to Lieu,
tenant Charles C Marsh, who Is now
with Admiral Sampson on the New
York, and the other dnughter, Vlnglnia,
Is still Fingle. Frnnk, the only son,
wns graduated from the naval academy
this year, and is now serving on tho
Massachuessets. Both the daughters,
as I have said before, together with
their cousin the daughter of Captain
Taylor, are studying to be nurses
While Mrs. Evans tins n duo appre
ciation of her husband's value as a
naval man she doesn't lose sight of the
fact that he is not the only one. Those
misguided persons who wish to flutter
her by repeated allusions to Captain
'Evans' reputation and position are
often nonplussed by her demand to
know what Is the matter with "brother
Harry?" And sometimes she will ring
the changes by allusions to the other
lighting men of her family.
The cottage at Fortress Monroe wns
built when Captain Evans was on duty
with the lighthouse bonrd. It was
constructed by permission of the treas
ury department on the reservation con
trolled by Hint department as a buoy
and light station. Subsequently he had
some difficulty with tbe gentlemnn who
was secretary or the navy at that time.
The latter, In order to gratify his per
sonal reeling In the matter. Induced the
treasury department to direct the re
moval of tbe house.
This nroused the flglrtlng blood of
Captain Evans, nnd, moreover, his sus
picions were nroused as to whether Trie
cottage came within the scope or the
department. He requested a resnrvey
and founr that his suspicions were cor
rect. Greatly to his delight he dls,
covered that the house was In the army
His relations with that department
were most cordial, and the outcome of
It all was that the cottage was per
mitted lo remain where It was. subject
to the conditions imposed upon all
buildings on government land outside
the fortifications, which are In effect
that It shall remain until the War de
partment sees fit to order Its rmoval.
And It Is there that Mrs. Evans lives,
rhe Idol of all the boys at Fortress
Usually the Case.
There was once a poor boy who,
while walking along, saw n pin on the
pavement before him. Quickly the lit
tle lad stayed his steps, ami picking
the pin up, stuck It carefully and se
curely In his coat.
A rich man ehnnclng to pass at that
time saw the action and was much
Impressed by It, so much that he took
the boy Into his bank and finally adopt
Thirty years have passed, and the
erstwhile poor boy Is a rnultl-mllllon-alre.
Yesterday he drew his personal
check for $10,000 and gave It to n for
mer schoolmate who had not prospered
In the i ace of life.
"All that I am now I owe to you,
John!" said the multimillionaire.
"But I don't understand," stammered
"Simpler enough. If I hndn't hated
you so at school I would never have
picked up that pin to put In your seat."
DIXON'S REMARKABLE SERMON
Washington's Address Is Treason
at This Time.
The following Is the conclusion of
a remnrkable sermon preached by Rev.
Thomas Dixon, Jr., In tho Grand Opera
house, New York:
"When the first Spnnlsh shell
screamed Its challenge over the flagship
of Dewey nnd the boatswain's whistle
cnllcd our men to the guns, by n corn,
mon Impulse tho nwful battle cry rang
from 300 brave men, 'Remember the
Maine!' It was not a cry of human
passion. It was the Judgment voice of
Almighty God. Who could stand be.
"Dewey taught us, too, that the way
to do a thing wns to do It, The wny to
take a port Is to go for It nnd take It.
There may be wisdom In the long delay
over Cuba, but the common mind can
not understand It,
"Since Manila, the ordinary mnn must
believe Hint had we bornbnrdcd Ha
vana on April 22, we would hnve dls
mantled every gun In six hours. Now
ten guns bristle for every one then.
Every dny of hesitation and Indecision
must be paid for In the blood of heroes.
"We have tested our navy and found
the American sailor of tc dny what he
has always been, as fine a senmnn as
walks the decks of any ship that llonts.
The Spaniards boast that In the first
battle our men of many nations would
fall In a panic nnd desert their guns.
Manila Is the answer. The composite
man has shown the pure-blooded Span
lard Hint whnt he needs Is new blood
In his veins. The movement of our fleet
wns the remorseless nnd terrible sweep
of the scleitlflc control of nature
against biave but suicidal barbnrlsm.
"It was an overwhelming nnswer to
the American snob nnd croaker. We
have a group of loud-mouthed toadies
who have wearied our ears with sneers
at everything Amerlcnn during the past
decade. To hear them, we had no navy,
no commander), no guns thnt would
shoot, no ships that would float and no
nrrrior that could stand the first crush
of a genuine foreign built shell, Manlli)
Is the answer. Let the toady who lim
been entlng the bread of democracy ami
Tawnlng at the reel of titled fools now
migrate to Madrid where his spirit
will be appreciated. This In only the
first skirmish. The future will send
every warship that files the Spanish
flag to the bottom of the sen, In spite
tf tho clintUr of the few drlvellna
Idots who edit out Hurper's Weeklies
nnd gravely continue to wnrri us that
'all war Ib crime nnd barbnrlsm.' We
will continue to add the numes of iIIh.
tingulshed 'criminals' to the roll of Im
mortality nmong whom aro Washing
ton, Lnfayette, Orant, Farragut and
"And we will continue to love a war
rlor nbovo all other heroes In spite of
the moral idiot who cries for peace-at-nny-prlce,
nnd cannot distinguish right
f loin wrong. We love a warrior not
ibecause he kills, but because his busl
riess Is to die for his country nnd hit
fellow man. We don't rejoice over the
number of Spaniards killed and wound
ed at Manila. The secret of our national
exhultatlon Is found In u larger thought
Tho shriek of the shells from our ships
sang the battle cry or freedom In one
of the foulest slave pens of the Orient,
We nre teaching the music of human
liberty to enrs and hearts that never
heard It before!
. "That battle marks the founding of n
world empire of the common people a
1 certainty. Washington's farewell ad
dress has been over worked by modern
phulsees, hypocrites and traitors. That
address was delivered a century and a
quarter ago. It was patriotism tlrn.
It is treason today. We were a hand
ful of poverty-stricken colonists In n
hostile wilderness, with savage Indiana
threatening our frontiers and three hos
tile natlonb established orr our soil.
Steam and electricity, Hint have made
a new world, were then the dreams of
madmen. The young Ameritun of today
looks forward to a mighty nntlon of
300,000,000 of freeman, lending the world
lo peace, freedom and Justice. Men and
nations must go forward or backward.
They cannot stand still. It Is the law
of nature. We are not dying. There
fore our mission Is forwnrd! When Old
Glory Is raised over Manila, no com
bination or European tyrants on earth
with devils In hell can ever haul It
PRIZE MONEY, THEN AND NOW
In Early Days Each Soldier Re
tained Plunder Captured.
It Is an elementary principle of the
laws of war, as well as International
law, that all captures In war, whether
made on land or sea and whether of
public or private property, Inure to tho
benefit of the government or the cap
turing party, and that the government
Is responsible for all captures Illegally
made. If the captured property or any
part or its proceeds Is distributed among
the captors, it must be authorized by
local law, and without such local law
the capturing party can clulm no pe
cuniary Interest In the captures he
makes. It Is the practice or nearly all
governments to give to the captors a.
speckled portion of all captured prop
erty as a reward for bravery and a
stimulus to exertion.
Before the early Jewish laws a dlstln
tlorr was made In booty between ani
mate nnd inanimate things, the latter
being given lo Individuals who cap
tured them, while the rormer were
distributed proportionally to those en
gaged In battle and those who guarded
the baggage. Later the booty was dis
tributed proportionally to the whole
army. Among the Greeks booty was
sometimes distributed by lot and some,
times sold and the money divided
In the enrly days or Rome each sol.
dler retained the plunder he captured.
ArterWard the soldiers were obliged to
bring all the booty Into the common.
It was then sold by the general, the
proceeds consigned to the public treas
ury and a part distributed pro rata
to the army.
In tho middle ages pillage was the
general practice, but the evils were
so great that the system or distribution
wns suusiuuieu and a strenous meas
ure adopted to prevent soldiers rrom
From very early times the admiral's
court In England hns had Jurisdiction
or all maritime questions, und as the
English have been engaged so fre
quently in maritime wars there was a
standing proclamation ror granting and
distributing prize money to the navy,
and borne upon the books, all the
residue, according to their respective
rntes of pay In Hie service.
Our own laws respecting maritime
prizes are modelled after those of Great
uritnin. and the decisions of our prize
courts hnve been as able as those of
the British admiralty. The most recent
law In regard to prize money directs
that where the enemy's force Is equal
or superior to the captors the entire
prize goes to the latter; If Inferior,
one-half goes to the navy pension fund
and the other hair to the captors. The
commanding officer of the fleet or
squadron receives one-twentieth, the
commanding officer of a single ship
three-twentieths, ir acting Independ
ently, nnd one-tenth of what gqes to
his ship. If under the Immediate com
Ing officers and men on board.
An Estlmnto of His Ability as a
Fearlessness and resolution nre tho
lending characteristics of Commodore,
Wlnfleld Scott Schley, U. 8. N., If tho
estlmnto of those who have known him
long and well Is to be accepted. And
It Is well that such arc his character
istics, for the man who nets ns Jailer
to the crack nqundron of Spain nnd on
whom the brunt of the expected battle,
will fall must be every inch a mnn, a!
pallor nnd n fighter of the first class.
Those who know Schley are glnd he Is
where he Is. The glory of the flog Is!
In safe hands.
Commodote Schley enters Into argu
ment ns frankly and thoroughly as ho
would an engagement with the enemy,
contradicts with vehemence where h
knows he Is unqualifiedly right and Is
not nbove a good round, sailorly oath
when occasion enforces verbal explo
sion. Subsequent to the Maine disaster.
Commodore Schley expressed doubt
thnt the misfortune took plnce through
lullucnce outside the ship, his theory,
of the occurrence being drnwn from an
Incident of his own experience. Whllq
en the New York the swift, terrible
word enme to him, "Fire! The ship
is burning!" Losing not nn Instant, ho
mustered his almost panic stlckcn mn,
who thought each moment to be blown
o n torus.
"Drown tho mngnzlne!" he shouted,
leading the way to duty free fronv
alarm, to where a steel pinto of tho
magazine room glared red hot from
a powerful blnze next to It, and all
linndH Hooded the big New York to
Fearless, outspoken, his manner Is
yet even tempered with courtesy, and
he observes the llntterlng niceties of
acquaintance and friendship with rare
punctiliousness. He Is a tall, strong
looking man, with more muscle than
flesh, n complexion fair, despite the
best efforts of sea winds nnd enstern
suns to tan It, nnd lightish hair, which
time hns neutral tinted and which he
disposes carerully where It Is thinning,
from expressing his thoughts, nnd his
gray mustache and beard conceal his
mouth and chin rrom criticism.
Commodore Schley wns born near
Frederick, Md In 1839, nnd his very
baptism wbb subject to military In
utience. Just nt this dnte Genernl Win.
field Scott was In Frederick, holding
couit mnrtlnl. A rrlendly lntlmncy
sprang up between John Schley, rnther
or the present commodore, who hnd
nerved In the navy In the war of 1812,
and the distinguished oflicer. one result '
of which was nnmlng the son nnd heir
of the Schleys Wlnfleld Scott.
There Is a tradition that tho baby
showed distinct tendencies the day of
his christening to live up to n fighting
name. His ancestors were people of
.Schleswig-on-Uie-Schley, who came to
this country following the revocation of
the edict of Nantes stanch Huguenots,
one of whom, establishing himself In
Savannah, became later governor of
From the time his enreer began after
entering the naval academy and re
malning from 1856 to 1861, events of In
terest quickly succeeded each other.
He hns medals of honor nnd tributes of
prnlse from his country, which he hns
served actively In mnny pnrts or the
world, and has Improved opportunities
of heroism and bruvery to the ever
lasting credit of his record nnd to the
envy of less fortunate men In the ser
vice. He was graduated at the head of
his class, and In 1861, being given sea
duty on the frigate Potomnc, storeshlp
at Ship Island, was In 1862 promoted to
tnnster and ordered to the Winona, of
the blockading squudron of the West
Commodore Schley saw real war, be
ing In n number of skirmishes nlong
the Mississippi river, cngnged and oper
ated with field batteries, aided in cut
ting out under heavy fire two schoon
ers which were carrying supplies to the
enemy, for which honornble mention In
special orders was accorded him. July,
1862, he received his commission bh
lieutenant, serving with further honor
nble mention through engagements thnt
led up to the capture In 1863 of Port
Huron, Ln. From 1864 to 1866 he was
executive officer of the Wateree, a
steam gunboat, on which he served on
I the Pacific station.
I The suppression of nn insurrection
nmong Chinese coolies In 864 In the,
'Chin Chi Islands nnd the landing of one
hundred men to protect the United!
States consulate marked his stay la
'those waters. July 18, 1866, he received,
the commission of lieutenant commands
tr, and having returned from the Pacific,;
'station spent three years on duty atj
the naval academy. The Benlcln, of the
Asiatic station, was his next post, he
taking part In 1871 In the overthrow of
the forces defending the Salu river In
Corea, "Head of the department of
modern lnngunges" at annnpolls fol
lowed, and It can be said here that he
Is a fine linguist, speaking Spanish with
ease and admlrnble accent. Being made
J commnnder In 1874, he was for five
years on the north ond south Atlantic
stations nnii the western coast of Af-
1 rlca."""I tt"r" ' ' "" 4
From "Afrlc's sunny strand" he wus
ordered to the "Icy mountains" of the
North Polnr land, In command of the
Greedy relief expedition. From the
clutches of Arctic death he rescuedLleu-
, tenant Greely and six others at Cape
I Sabine, conveying them safely to their
home. A gold medal from congress.
promotion by President Arthur to chief
of the bureau of equipment, Where he
was raised to the rank of captain, nhu
the applause of the people of the United.
States were his prompt reward,
After resigning from his place of chief
bf the bureau of equipment, the cruiser
Baltimore was put in Schley's com
mand. A picturesque, pathetic duty
was his, one that those who remember"
the sad, gray day when the mist en
veloped Baltimore, escorted by a fun
eral procession of ships, bore the bodj
or John Ericsson. Inventor or the moni
tor, back to Sweden, his fatherland,
through New York harbor out to sea
will recall at mention. A gold medal
from the king of Sweden wns given
Commander Schley at Stockholm.
The difficulty arising from the stoning
.of some American snllors of the Haiti,
more oy some unmans or Valparaiso,
r.nd which threatened disagreeable com-,
plications between the United State
and Chill was disposed or by him In
a manner that earned expressed gratl,
tude or the navy depadtment,
A hard student, an lionest sailor, r.
frank, bright tnlker, a good, clear
thinker nnd n lucky man, he married
n beautiful wire. Miss Nannie Frankllrf
was the belle or Annapolis when he won
her dark eyes to look his way She
Is a handsome woman now. In his
pocket he curries n gold chronometer, to
keep time on the Sr,anlsh, a girt from
Maryland his Maryland ror lire sav
ing In Lndy Franklin Bay. He has
two sons, one uu army officer, Frank,
who has come up rrom the ranks; the
other Dr. Wlnfleld Scott Schley, a
practising physician In New York city
A daughter. Virginia, married an Eng.
llbhrnan of position.
Damp sale will remove the discolora
tion of tea and the like In dishes that
have been carelessly washed
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