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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (June 17, 1898)
The Heminoford Herald.
r VOLUME IV.
IIEMINGFORD, BOX BUTTE COUNTY, NEBRASKA, FRIDAY, JUNK 17, 1898.
OLD GLORY FLOATS
AT LAST OVER CUBAN SOIL
AND SPANIARDS FLEE.
SPANISH RAMPARTS OURS
FIRST LARGE DETACHMENT
OF MARINES LAND.
Spaniards Scamper Before the
Conquering Heroes without Fir
ing a Single Qun or Shedding a
Drop ot Blood.
Calmnnera Blopkhouse, Guantanamo
Harbor. June 10, by the Journal's Dls
patch Boat, Simpson, to Mole St. Nicho
las, June 14. The flrst considerable
detachment of American troops to land
on Cuban soil to assist In the campaign
. that is centerlnK about the harbor at
Santiago was effected nere this after
noon. It was exactly ten minutes past 2
o'clock this .vtts twelve minutes ago-,
that Color Sergeant Richard Sulvey of
company C, First battalion of marines
of Brooklyn, N. Y., planted the Hag on
top of the smoking ruins, amid the fran.
tic shouting of 900 Americans.
At this flrst shout of American sol
diers a reminder of the yell that made
the soldiers of the old southern states
famous floated out over the water, h
was answered by a furious salute from
the Yankee and the Yosemlte, the two
vessels that had acted as convoys for
the troop ship Panther.
As this dispatch is written, the men
from the troop ship are swarming from
the beach to the blockhouse. The block
house stands on the summit of a hill
that rises 150 feet above the surround
ing country. The Spaniards can still
be seen in the distance, beating a hasty
retreat, uttsrly demolished by the
movements of the Americans for the
past twenty-four hours.
Just below the hill is a small fishing
village, at the entrance to Guantanamo
harbor. Three days ago It was In.
habited by the Usher folk who were
assured by the Spanish garrison that
the Americans would never be able to
effect a landing.
These houses are now a mass of
flames. As the marines landed the
torch was applied to them, and the fish
ermen and their families, thankful to be
allowed to depart with their lives, fled
in every direction.
A squad of officers stood In the single
street of this village as the American
troops passed through. When the last
of the inhabitants had fled, they gave
the order that the houses should be
Even In the excitement, care was
taken that It should be fully understood
by the men that this act was one ot
precaution, and not of wanton de.
structlnn. It was deemed necessary to
burn the cabins as a safeguard against
the spread of yellow fever.
While the marines were landing from
ths Panther the battleship Oregon, the
cruisers Marblehead, Yankee, Yosemlte,
the torpedo boat Porter, the Dolphin
and Vixen, accompanied by a collier,
lay In the harbor to protect them.
It was believed by the first boatload
of marines which left the ship that it
would be necessary to shell the sur
rounding country to prevent the troops
from running Into a dangerous ambush.
The Yankee and Marblehead had shelled
the country back of the beach for some
distance up and down the coast on
Tuesday, when a Spanish gunboat was
surprised and put to flight.
A reconnolterlng party, sent ashore
In advance to the flrst boatload of ma
rines, reported the coast safe, and the
anticipated shelling was dispensed with.
The Panther arrived at the entrance
to the harbor, under escort of the
Yankee and Yosemlte, at noon. She
had 900 sailors and marines aboard, who
were to constitute the landing party.
All of the vessels steamed slowly Into
the harbor and cast anchor.
Almost simultaneously the small
boats of the Panther were lowered, al
ready loaded with the tents, supplies
and accoutrements of the landing
As the marines and sailors went
over the side of the ship and the tow
ing line of the small boats was caught
up by the steam launch, the frightened
Spanish garrison fled in dismay to.
wards the fishing village.
Like all Cuban harbors, the entrance
to the one at Guantannmo Is long and
tortuous. Guantanamo is fifteen miles
inland, only the cable station, the block
house and the shelter for the pilots be
ing at the entrance.
It waB Impossible to impress the serv
ices of a native pilot to take the ves
sels Inside the harbor, as the houses In
which the pilots live at the entrance of
the harbor were deserted.
It was found that the cable station
was In ruins, having been completely
demolished by the shells that were
poured Indiscriminately Into the mouth
of the harbor by the Yankee and Mar
blehead. As the first detachment cf thr landing
party put off from the Panther, there
came prolonged yells from the deck of
the Oregon, the gun crews, men-of-wars-men
and marines being permitted
to come on deck nlong with the olll.
cers, when it was seen there would be
no use for the big guns of the Mar
ship. This yell was token up by each of
the other American ships In turn, and
cheered the men on until the music
of their bugles called as the boat
Hefore 100 men had reached the
blockhouse fire could be seen bursting
through the crevasses between the logs
and In less than twenty minutes was
completely enveloped In them.
As soon as it was found that a land
ing was a success and that no resist
ance was to be offered by the Spaniards
a careful Inspection was made of the
It was found that one solid shot had
f-ut the wires on the side of the build
and nnd that another one had smashed
the dry batteries and the Instruments
The place is admirably adapted for
a rendezvous for the fleet and Is to be
used for that purpose. The complete
success of the landing expedition, with
out thu Injury of n single man or the
wasting of a pcund of ammunition, is
The discipline of the men, and pnr
tlcu'nrly naval reserves, who were on
gaged In the undertaking, Is perfect,
fhey seemed disappointed Hint there
.oti- no Spnnlards v. ho would remain
to face them In a flf-ht, for they tire
ns anxious to ptove their mettle as
they nre to dlsplnj their patriotism
and discipline. The gunrd Is being
mounted about the blcckhouse to pre
vent a Burpils from the Spaniards,
thrtigh such n thing is almost beyond
the tange of possibilities.
The order of marching, which was
at flrst regular, the men falling In as
they would at drill, was broken as
soon as the oidr to charge the block
house was given and they sallied across
the Intervening space of 200 yards at
a full run.
PLANTS THE COLOHS.
The hent diove the men down the
hill for a minute or two. and then
Color Sergeant Rlchaid Sulvey broke
from the ranks, and running Into the
midst of the smoking ru(ns, planted
OMAHA IS SECURE.
Lawlessness and Crlmowero Never
at a Lower Ebb.
Omaha, Neb., June 14. Omaha never
was freer from lawlessness and crime
than It is at this time. Naturally a
gang of criminals or high nnd low de
gree make It a business to follow up all
jdnds of lilg gatherings, but the police
authorities of Omaha, acting upon the
old saw, "an ounce of prevention Is
worth a pound of cure," have been
able to forestall a large per cent of the
prospective exposition criminals and
nipped their plans in the bud. This Is
evidenced by the fact that there have
been no holdups for several months, no
burglaries, and petty thieving is no
greater now than usual.
Con Gnllagher, chief of police, has
been a resident of Omaha for 30 years.
He Is a broad-gauged, practical man,
and a splendid organizer of men. For
the flrst time In over ten years Omaha's
police force are working as one man.
Heretofore the effectiveness of the ser
vice has been greatly Impaired be
cause of quarrels and factions among
officers and men, but now everything
Kansas City, with a population less
than Omaha's and covering only sixteen
square miles, has 208 policemen, while
Omaha, with a larger population nnd
sovering twenty-four squnre miles, has
only 84 policemen. However, the num
ber has been recently Increased to 116.
Yet the criminal record of Omaha Is
better than that of Kansas City.
A reporter sent here to report the
exposition for the Chicago Tribune has
this to say in his Chicago paper:
"The chief, who is making a splendid
record at the head of the Omaha po
lice, has done wonders since the opening
of the exposition in driving away, be
fore they had an opportunity to do
mischief, the army of thugs and graft
ers who usually swarm to the opening
of a great exposition like bees to a su
gar boiling. Chief Gnllagher made his
plans for the especial entertainment of
these Individuals long before the fair
opened. He determined that the so.
ciety for the quick accumulation of
other people's money would not hold
Its annual convention In Omaha this
summer. His men met most of the
llght-flngeied gentry at the depots and
either sent them out of town on the
double quick or locked them up. The
skillful work of Chief Gallagher has
been manifest ever since the exposition
opened. In spite of the enormous crowd
of opening day, only a few reports
were made of the work of crooks, and
these were confined to Isolated cases of
pocket-pickers. In the majority of these
casea the thieves were afterward run
down and the property restored.
"Chief Gallagher's course Is meeting
with the heartiest approval of the citi
zens, nnd the Trans-Mississippi exposi
tion has one more thing to boast of over
the expositions and fairs that have
preceded It a total absence of nny epl.
demlc of crime or carnival of law
breakers, who, like the more honorable
portion of humanity, nre addicted to
following the crowd.' "
Some of the slanderers of Omaha
would have the people believe that sim
ply because the fire and police commis
sion It not under their thumbs that ev
erything about It Is either weak or
bad. That the force has become sud
denly Inefficient; and thnt the chief of
police and his subordinates are lead
ers In a gang of cutthroats. The ab
surdity of such vile stuff being sent out
broadcast over the country can only
be accounted for on the grounds of
Jealous rage or insanity.
Chief of Police Gallagher is a gen
tleman of unimpeachable character,
whose moral worth la recognized by
everybody who knows him and whose
private and official life even human
hyenas dare not assail. Under him nre
Captain Mostyn, who has been In the
police service 1G years; Captain Haze, ID
years; Captain Slgwart, 18 years; Ser
geant Bebout. 15 years; Sergeant Her.
8 years; Sergeant McGrnth, 5 years;
Sergeant King, 12 yenrs; Sergeant Hal
ler, 8 years, and Sergeant Whalen, 15
years. Men on the force range In
point of service from 20 yenrs down to
new recruits, and over 75 per cent ot
them have an average service to their
credit of over 5 years, and 18 out of
the 40 new recruits have formerly been
In the police service.
The subject of police regulation is al
ways of Importance to all the people
who expect to have business In Omaha,
and nt this particular time It Is desir
able that the exposition city shnll not be
Omnha's police force was never In
better working form. No better service
was ever rendered, nnd there never
wns less crime In Omaha than now.
Judce Haker of the Douglas county
district court hns overruled the mo
tion of the Omaha National bank to
compel the state to make Its petition
more definite nnd certain by setting tip
how much money was paid on ex
Treasurer Hartley's warrant by the
bank, and how much by Its president,
J. H Millard The suit is that involv
lng $201.8S5.75 paid by the bank on an
alleged Illegal state warrant.
Shippers and farmers who come to
the stock yards report heavy falls of
tain thmughout the state. In many
portions of the country It is said that
owing to the excessive rainfall farmis
are unable to get Into the fields to plow
their corn, and ns a consequence, the
weeds are getting a good start. The
indications, however, nro that thr
will be a bountiful yield of corn nnd
Birall grain this year.
A BAD SHOWING
DEAF AND DUMB SCHOOL
WILL BE IMPROVEMENT NOW
TWENTY-NINE YEARS OF RE
Not n Single Graduate Could Carry
Out the Studios nt the Higher
School at Washlngton--BuBlnc88
Affairs Also In, Bad Shape..
Omaha, June 15. The people of Ne
braska will remember what a furor wart
kicked up because Governor Holcomb
asked for the resignation of Prof. Gil
lespie, who hnd been for nearly twenty
years In charge of the Deaf and Dumb
School in the suburbs of this city. It
was claimed by the republican politi
cians that the governor wns commit
ting an outrage. Hut later events only
prove that It was only the outgoing
of nnother political striker who had
mismanaged the business affairs of the
Institution nnd whose wenkness nnd
Inability to handle the school Is at
tested by the fact that not a single one
of the unfortunates who graduated at
the school was ever able to keep up
the work In the higher school at Wash
ington. The Nebraska Mute Journal says:
During the twenty-nine yeais ot the
existence of the school It has had but
four different managements.
For nineteen of these twenty-nine
years it was continuously under one
management. And a generous hearted
people granted all the money nsked to
support the school that the best pos
sible results might be hnd.
A loyal and confident people taxed
themselves, to the limit of their abili
ty to pay, that the deaf of Nebraska
might receive as good an education ns
the deaf In any other state.
It is a well established law that all
plants nre known by their products;
schools will come under this rule, and
by their products they must be Judged
as to their success or failure.
The natlonnl government supports a
college for the deaf at Washington.
Here the graduates of different state
schools meet and their ability to remain
in college will depend upon the kind of
nn educational foundation that has
been laid by the course of Instruction
In the state schools,
Nebraska has not, up to this time,
sent a deaf person to Washington thnt
has been able to carry the college stu
dies. Many of the graduates have tried
it and all have failed. In answer to an
Inquiry In regard to this snd condi
tion. Dr. A. E. Fny of the college says:
"I am not prepared to explain the rea
son why no graduate of the Nebraska
school has been graduated from the
college." Dr. E. M. Gallaudet, president
of the college, says; "One of your pu
plls, who was n student here some
time since, was a bright scholar and
could have graduated with honor had
she applied herself diligently to study.
It was owing to a lack of application
thnt she was constrained to drop out.
"Those of your pupils who came to
ub a couple of years ago seemed to be
lacking in what we call the scholarly
qualities of the mind. They all had
a good degree of Intelligence, but were
not nble to master the advanced studies,
which naturally were placed before
"They seemed to have done well In
their prlmnry course, as they passed
creditable examinations for admls
slcn." In regard to this examination it is
only fnlr to those pupils to say that
the Impression prevnlls In the Ne
braska school that the rankest kind of
cheating was done, that under the sup
erintendent's instructions the pupils
were drilled on the questions to be
used in the examination, nnd thus they
were deceived, nnd led to believe thnt
they possessed what they did not hnve.
nnd by thnt act. combined with similar
deceptions during the primary course,
the pupils were incapacitated to receive
a higher education.
It Is bad enough to rob a helpless
deaf child of the money n loving par
ent hns sent to pay for needed cloth
ing, but It is n thousand times worse
to rob the child of the power to ac
quire a higher education.
The people of Nebraska are not Ig
norant. There are only 3 per cent of
her Inhabitants thnt cannot rend and
write. This Is less than nny other state
In the union. Hence our deaf come
from the most Intelligent class of peo
pie In the United States, and there Is
no excuse for Nebraska's deaf making
a failure when they reach the college
at Washington, unless It lies In the
bnd work done In school during their
elementary course of Instruction.
The state of Nebraska guarantees to
each child, whether possessed of all Its
normnl faculties or not. nn education.
It Is the purpose of the present man
agement to make that guarantee good
for the deaf of the state.
The graduates of our high schools,
universities and other educational In
stitutions are able to hold their own
In the schools of the world against
all comers. If the deaf of our state
have not been so educated as to be able
to compare as favorably with the deaf
of other states, then Nebraska has fail
ed to do as well for her deaf as for her
her hearing children.
This Is nn educational Institution nnd
In the future will be treated as such
It is not in any sense of the word nn
asylum for the deaf child or the hear
The mind of the deaf child, like
that of the heating, can receive In
struction only at the time of thought
action. A compotent teacher will
know hen she has aroused and In
terested the mind of the child to the
point where educntlonal processes are
going forward. We expect only such
tenchers "to take part of this work
Some of our exchanges were very free
with their criticisms when the governor
of Nebraska made a change In the man
agement of this school. We felt then,
nnd now, like praying the prayer of
the ciuclfled one when on the cross:
"Father, forgive them, for they
know not what they do."
SAMPSON IS IMPATIENT.
Nobody Can UndorstnndThlsDIIIy
Dnllylng. Kingston, Jamaica (Special. On dis
patch boat, Oft Santiago.) Hear Ad
lnlral Sampson snys nnd nuthoilzefl the
rpress to print:
"If I hnd 10,000 troops 1 could occupy
Santiago within forty-eight hotits."
All naval officers wonder why no land
forces are furnished. Santiago's de
fent.es nre now practically demolished,
but delay mans repairs, remounts of
snmllu rguns and placing Cervern's
eleven-Inch guns in splendid positions.
This week the nrmy will face thrice
the dlfllcultles of that of last week If
given little time Cevern can cover thu
land nnd sea approaches by four eleven,
two ten, forty six-Inch and over 100
slx-pounders and smaller rapld-llrers.
Sampson's dally reports show that these
guns hnve not yet been removed from
the ships, but the admiral Is most anxl-
iais for troops before Cervera plants
batteries costing rivers of blood to take.
The Cuban Garcia Is nearlng Santlngo
and probably has 1,000 men and twelve
Motchklss twelve-pounders. Sampson
Is considering the plan of sending his
own field artillery ashore to assist
Gnicla If he arrives soon and taking
'"iiuuk" ueiuru inc iroops gei mere,
Garela's troops are the best disci
plined of the Cubans used to sunnort
artillery. The steep hills surrounding
Santiago are excellent for bombard
ment, signaling and assault. The
nightly risk of torpedo boat attacks
is wearing greatly on the fleet. Even
fighting Hob is growing worn. Samp
son appreciates this, but is determined
thnt no Spanish cruiser shall escape. Hi
said to me: "Especially after the other
nights torpedo episode the wenr on
our enptnins has been grent. Neither
can the crews stand the nightly strain
nnd be at their best. Hut we must
keep right close up so that by no possl.
blllty, no darkness nnd by no storm
can the Spaniards escape. It Is said the
sunken Merrlmaa bnrs their exit. That
may be so. but," and Sampson spoke
from the heart, but "I would rather
lose my head than let one of them get
.away. The local Cuban chief Cebreco
is aiding greatly. He reports 7,000 Spnn.
Ish troops at Santiago In entrenchments
at the fortified keys and at the en
trance defenses. Chndwick estimates
the number at 5,000 and my last field
news shows that number."
No railroads connect central with far
eastern Cuba. Spanish reinforcements
are Impossible and less than 10,000 regu
lars would more than enpture and hold
the valuable base at Santiago and Its
cable connections. Sampson Is deter
mined to do something even if unaided
by troops. Hefore this reaches you
Guantanamo will have been taken and
the flrst American base established in
Cuba. The fleet needs Gunntnnnmo bay
for coaling purposes. It Is impossible
for Santlngo to reinforce Guantnunmo.
The mountains between nre fine landing
places for Infantry, both enst and west
of Snntlago and If Cervera Is not given
time for extensive fortifications San
tiago can be cheaply taken If the troops
come. Admiral Sampson spenkB of the
bombardment as splendid target prac.
CUBANS IN HAVANA.
In Danger of Starving and Being
Havana, June 15. (Havana Special)
The Cubans In Hnvana are In danger of
massacre. The volunteers, their bitter
est enemies, the men whose political
domination Is doomed by the destruc
tion of the sovereignty of Spain In Cuba,
threaten to repeat the bloody deeds of
1871. They are distributing through the
city, in an effort to Inflame the pas
sions of the Spaniards, circulars blam
ing the Cubans for the war with the
United States and crying for revenge.
The situation Ib one of grent peril.
Cuban Women do not dare to venture
out of doors. They cannot even stand
at the deep barred windows of their
homes without meeting Insults from
their Spanish enemies. Their houses
are closed at sundown, for then the
Spanish volunteers are drinking deeply
In saloons, toasting Cervera, the navy,
the army and Spain and cursing their
enemies the Cubans and the Amerw
cans. Then Is the dangerous hour. Then
riot and bloodshed are possible at any
Starvation In the city grows more
apparent. One who dines Ir a restau
rant is always besieged by beggars.
Often they snatch his food from the
table. It Is accepted as a fact that
Havana Is to be burned before sur
rendering. Property Is sold nt any price
thnt can be obtained for It
General Arolas has been fortifying
Regln. across the bay from Havana, for
the last two weeks. Small field pieces
have been placed on the surrounding
hill'?. The municipal fire companies,
well armed, act as Gemrnl Blanco's
bodyguard. The captain genernl con
tinues his appeals to the Insurgents to
Join Spain against the United States.
... ' i
It would seem ns if the soldier should
be comfortable, Judging from this dally
list. He receives twenty ounces fresh
beef or twenty ounces mutton cr twelve
ounces pork or bacon, twenty-two
ounces salt beef, fourteen ounces dried
fish, eighteen ounces pickled fish or
eighteen ounces fresh fish. In bread
stufTs he gets eighteen ounces flour
or eighteen ounces soft bread, or one
pound of hard bread or twenty ounces
corn meal. When In the field baking
powder Is furnished with the flour
In fresh vegetables he receives one
pound of potatoes or 80 per cent of
potntoes nnd 20 of onlons.or 70 per cent
of potatoes and thirty of canned toma
toes, cabbage, beets, etc.; In dried veg
etnbles two and two-fifths ounces of
beans, or the same quantity of peas, or
one and three-fifths ounces of rice or
"What made the butlor scowl at you
"I mistook him for a guest and ho
It Is nnouncod that Lieutenant Cnr
ranza and Sonor Du Base will sail for
Madrid from Montreal June -'6.
The attorney gonornl In a decision de
clares It his opinion that volunteers
holding civil offices should not forfeit
their compensation while at war.
HIS TRIAL ENDED.
EX-TREASURER BARTLEY IS
BROUGHT TO JUSTICE.
6. 0. P. MACHINE BROKEN.
PUBLIC OPINION FINALLY
FORCES COURTS TO ACT.
On tho Evo of Anothor State Cam
paign the Supremo Court Hands
Down Its Decision In the Bartley
Case which Lands Him In tho Pen
Lincoln, Neb., June 14. The supremo
court has handed down tho opinion on
application of the attorneys for ex
State Treasurer J. S. Hartley for a re
hearing, The decision of the supreme court Is
an affirmance of the former holding and
of the Judgment nnd sentence of the
Douglas county district court, under
which Hartley was sentenced to twenty
yenrs In tho penitentiary and to pay a
fine equal to double the amount of tho
state warrant for Jt84,000 and Interest,
which he was convicted of embezzling,
Thu clerk of the supreme court sent
the mandate to the sheriff of Douglas
county, which commands him to exe
cut the Judgment of Incarceration In
the Btute penitentiary.
The attorneys for Bnrtley set up In
their brief on tho rehearing thnt undue
hnste had been made In passing on tho
case by the supreme court and conduct
of the trlnl Judge, Baker, and tho Ian
gunge of his Instructions to the Jury
were set up ns reasons why a now trial
should be granted, Tho supreme court
In the opinion handed down Bays that
there Is found nothing In the record
to warrant a setting nslde or the former
decision, which Is reaffirmed.
The former hearing before the bu
preme court and tho review by that
court of the record of the trial In the
district court was decided last winter,
the opinion being handed down by
Judge Norval, which affirmed the lower
court'B rulings, Just before the reor
ganization of the court by the retire,
ment of Chief Justice PobI nnd the en
terflng upon his office by Judge Sulli
van. One of these was thnt there was no
handling of money, nctual specie, in the
transactions charged; another nttacked
the constitutionality of the state de
posit law, and another went to tho Jur
isdiction of the district court of Doug
las county to try the case.
Tho syllabus of the opinion, which Is
written by the chief JiiBtlce, follows:
First The provisions of section 420
of the criminal code to the extent they
relate to tho matter of proof, held not
governable of the question of proof In
Second The conclusion announced In
the former opinion (see Bartley vb.
State, 73 N. W 744) approved and
adopted, and having been then and
therein fully stated, are referred to and
need not be restated here.
Third The Judgment nnd sentence re.
As to some of the points reviewed,
the opinion says: "It was a Bubjcct of
complaint In the brief filed on rehear
ing that sufficient time hnd not been
devoted to the examination of record
and the preparation of nn opinion. It
is true ns stated In the brief that tho
record Is quite large, containing 1,200
pnges, and thnt extended nnd elaborate
briefs were filed, but it must hero bo
borne in mind that the argument ns
such briefs and orally, considerable
more thnn usual time was allowed for
the latter, were of great and material
assistance In the consideration and de
cision of the points of complaint which
were discussed. Moreover, und finally,
it Is not n question of a number of
hours, days or weeks consumed or to be
taken In the examination and adjudica
tion of a cause, but of such a due
consideration of the litigated matters
without reference to the time employed,
as will result In a proper and Just dis
position of them nnd render true right
to the litigants.
"It Is again urged with some strength
nnd force of argument that there waB
not evidence to warrant or uphold the
verdict of conviction, particularly In
thnt It was not shown that any money
In the strict sense of the term, or cash,
actual dollars and cents In specie, wns
tangibly employed or involved in the
transaction which wns and Is charged,
constituted the crime, the embezzle
ment of the funds of the stnte.
That 60 per cent of the business affairs
of the country which Involve the pay
ment or Unnsfer of money nre con
ducted successfully nnd satisfactorily
without the exchange of dollars and
cents In specie, and yet every one con
cerned receives and employs his money
Is nsserted In nrtlcles on financial ques
tions and heard In discussions a nd
conversation of business men, and It
is no doubt approximately true.
"The law, conservative as it 1b, and
rightly so, still must nnd does, where
and when administered nnd Interpreted
and applied In the true spirit, and
there is no direct statutory provision
which must be legislated from Its posi
tion as an obstruction, keeps. It is true,
a Bomewhat tardy pace with the pro
gress in business or other matters and
meets and becomes accordant or adapts
Itself In its rules nnd doctrines to the
multifarious changes and conditions
which nre evolved from the affairs of
men; this It does nnd yet is stable, set
tled, firm and ceitnln thnt all men In
the ordinary business transactions of
life, may and do, through the usual
medium and channels, transfer money,
have It, use It, and enjoy It, which enn-
not be gainsaid, and that a treasurer
All animals when taken for a sea voy
age become tamer. Monkeys suffer
greatly from sea sickness. Fowls and
geese soon become tame, and cocks gen
erally cease to crow. Birds, too, are
affected by the sea, and never sing
during n voyage.
In India there Is a species of butterfly
In which the male has the left wing
yellow and the right one red. The col
ors of the femnlo are exaotly opposite.
Japan was originally civilized by Chi
na; todny Japan sends scholars and
men of science to Instruct the Chinese.
LATEST WAR NEWS.
Washington. D. C, June 15. A patrol
of the Spanish coast by fast cruisers
and auxiliary cruisers is In contempla
tion by HiIh government. The state
department Is noting -with n Jealous
eye and ear the probnbly accurato
statement that Spain Is being supplied
with coal on private English account,
and that French dealers nte shipping to
Spain ammunition, arms and shlpbulld.
lng nnd rcpnlrlng material by the "un
derground" system nnd by sea
The department Is certain to malto
official representntlon of this state of
Spain Is now being provided with ma
terial sums of money. It Is believed, by
Austria and by her own private citizens,
none of which would be of avnll If tho
neutrality laws were strictly enforced.
The United States government re
serves the right of search, as expressly
stated in the president's message.
Tampn, Fin., Juno 15. "They're oft!"
The grand army of the United StnteB
has at last begun Its move un Cuba.
Thirty transports, with 27.000 men, are
alloat somewhere, nil under the leader
ship ot "Hlg Pecos Hill" Shatter and" all
eager for tho fray.
Just where they are, how they'll go
und where they'll Innd the genernlH
know and the people can guess. Tho
soldiers have spun nil sortB of yaniB
about their destination, but, of course,
they really know no more than the
goneral public. The line and staff ofll
cets can shed no more light than tho
When the big fleet left Saturday
night It wns given out that they would
go to Key West to meet a larger con
voy of Bea fighting machines. IJut
what Is "given out" may be taken as
Thnt great army may now well be
on Its way to Santiago, or It may be
headed for Guantanamo, or Porto Rico
may be Its destination.
Of course, Key West will not tell.
The censorship at Havana never was
so severe as it is at that southern
Jumplng-ofr place of the American re
public Nothing filters over the wires
from operator to operator, ns was the
case when news escnped from Cuba.
On Hoard the Associated Press DJs.
patch Uoat Dauntless, off Guantanamo
Hay, Sunday noon, by the Associated
Press Dispatch Boat Wanda, via King
ston, Jamaica, June 16. In controlling
the outer harbor of Guantanamo, where
Colonel Huntington's battalion of ma
rines Innded on Friday, Rear Admiral
Sampson secures control of the Cuban
termlnuB of the French cable to Haytl.
The apparatus of the otllce at the
harbor mouth was wrecked by a Bhell,
but the cable steamer Adtia hus opera
tors and InRtrlltTlftnta nn tir.n,l -.t .11
rect communication with Washington
will soon be established. The distance
ovcrlnnd to Santiago around the bay is
nbout sixty miles, and the roads have
been rendered impassable by the Cu-
uuuH uuuer I'euro 1'erez.
The flrst division nt tin. rsii.n., -..,..
claims to have 4,000 men, but these
figures are probably overestimated.
xiie v-uuans ueiieve that there are 3,500
soldiers In the vicinity of Camlne,
Which lines at thn imtrnnnn in k l .....
harbor, Guantanamo City 1b inland
about fifteen miles. The two harbors
are connected by a narrow channel. It
Is the outer harbor which Admiral
Sampson holds with the Marblehead,
me zosemiie nnu ms vixen and a bat
talion of marines nn thu n nt
blunt topped eminence commanding tho
vim unwu on me western Btae. in the
Inner harbor are two amall Spanish
gunboats and at Calmenara there Is a
An expedition of three steam
launches officered by Lieutenant Nor
man, Ensign Eustace, son of James
D, Eustace, former United States Am
bassador to France, nnd Cadet G. Van
Orden, under the general command ot
Lieutenant Anderson of the cruiser
Mnrblehead, dragged for mines, but
found none. Lieutenant Anderson, who
distinguished himself at ClenfuegoB,
pulled a dingy within fifty yards of the
fort without being discovered. He has
not removed his clothing since the bom
bardment. Cape Haytlen, June 15. Eight thou
Band Americans, according to a private
dispatch from Port Au Prince, have
landed near Santiago de Cuba.
Port Au Prince, Haytl, June 1C The
latest advices received from Port de
Palx say the British steamer RJavens
dale, from Guantanamo, whence the
Oregon and Marblehead had compelled
her to put out, reports that the Amer
icans were evidently planning a de
barkation of troops on the shore ot
St. Thomas, D. W. I., June 15. Porto
Rican newspapers which have been re
ceived here say that provisions are
very scarce in San Juan. The supply
Is barely sufficient for two months.
Business there Is practically sus
pended; exchange is now at 165. I have
been unable to confirm a report that
public food kitchens have been opened.
The Italian steamer Centro America
arrived here from Ponce, Porto Rico,
with thirty-one refugees on board. They
all said that there was great fear In
San Juan on Saturday that there was
to be another bombardment. On the
Centro America was Walter Bett, who
has been a clerk In the employ of Mr.
Crawford, the British consul in San
Juan. Bett has been guarding the
house formerly occupied by United
Stntea Consul Hanna nnd says he wns
forced to leave because he gave infor
mation to Mr. Hanna In regard to the
mine and fortlfiaatlons In San Juan
Rett says that on his way to Ponce
from San JuanJhe was repeatedly in
sulted by the Spanish soldlerB, who
even went to far as to prud him with
their bayonets, Mr. Hanna has Issued
a statement to the newspaper corre
spondents In which he says nett de
serves great credit for what he has
A newly designed fly-catcher Is
formed of a strip of paper coated with
sticky material with a loop at one end
by which It la suspended, with a recep.
tacle. at -the bottom to catch the flies
whloh fall from the paper.
A pocket shoe-blacking outfit has been
patented by a western man, the- dauber
and shining brush being hinged on k
frame to fold together In a small box,
whloh also contains the blacking.
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