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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (May 20, 1898)
A SCIENTIST'S CONFESSION
(C. M. Shepherd In Arena.)
A number of yearn ago, when I wna
a preneher In a southern university, a
message came from n hospital, statins
that a pick man wished to see me. (to
Ing to the plar, I had dlflUulty In ree
ognlzlng an old student friend name!
Martin. He was manifestly In an ad
vanced stage of some wnstlng dlaertsr
"1 have sent for you," he paid, "be
cause I recall your sympathy In for
mer days. 1 shall die easier If I dlstioss
the secrets of my life and leave a mes
sage with you."
Upon my assurance hnt I would serve
him, he continued;
"Do you recall the last lecture f
Prof. Donne live years ago. which wan
bo much talked of at the time? Well,
It has shaped by career, and, In a way,
has brought me to this pass. After
leaving the university I spent two
yenrs In Germany and another year In
a great laboratory In New York. Hav
ing come Into a fair patrimony, 1 felt
prepared to enter upon Independent? re
search. I cannot describe to you the
absorption of the next few yenrs. Kv
ery hour and every energy were de
voted to one Idea. My postulate wa?
that nil physical energy depends upon
ethereal vibration. It seemed n tenson
nble hypothesis that vibration is ulso
the medium of energy of the transcend
ant life of the soul; for all we know
points that way. The spiritual body
continued to be an Instrument sensi
tive to vibrations, but apparently those
of vastly superior range than we know
anything nbout.. Matter Inteicepts n
few vibrations, animal bodies receive
many more and have an Indefinite pow
er of evolution, while pure spirits are
organs of universal range. My great
end wns to find some means of receiv
ing higher scul vibrations. Hint ac
complished, I knew I could test char
acter ns we now test the action of the
heart or lungs, and the soul's ensemble
could be recorded on a sensitive plate.
Endlessly observing and experimenting,
I at length stumbled on the truth. You
will find all the details set forth In my
journals, which 1 shall leave In your
care, together with the apparatus in
Mr. Martin was now visibly fatigued
and the nurse, coming forwntd, begged
that he make no further effort that
At my next visit I found him in n
comatose state, and it wns but a few
days later that we buried the lnorta.'
part of my friend. In due time his ap
paratus and papers came Into mj
hands, and this account Is contlnuec
from his notebooks
"Todny saw the last touches put Into
my psychic mechanism. Now for some
practical tests. I do not have much
fear of failure; the preliminary InduT
tlon has been too thorough. I believe
that I have shown the existence oi
psychic waves. If placed in position
between an orator of high power and
his audience, my recording Instrument
exhibits violent oscillations and lndl.
cates different orders of vibrations orig
inating In the niSLSS of people and In
the speaker. In the midst of the Ne
vada desert I found that the vibrations
are comparatively few and simple;
while In the vicinity of a populous city
they are many and complex.
"Todny brought "" "v """ pn"f i
ful personal test. I had a. long conver
sation with Senator 1'.. una uneu my
new Individualizing device, meanwhile
plying him with more questions thnn a
professional Interviewer. He talked at
great length of his early struggles, his
dominant alms, and his experiences in
the role of party boss. There is no
question but he has the boss conscience
and the boss conception or me. i wns
not without tremors In going about this
business; It seemed very like moral
vivisection. I came away satisfied that
I had the great man's skeleton In my
pockets. The results now lie before me,
and I fear that they woul dnot be sat
isfactory to the senator or his spiritual
adviser. The Index hand has shifted
only a few points. The senator's soul
movement corresponds about to that of
the pulse of a dying man. The develop
ed plate shows what? The subject is
portly and ccmmnndlng presence, his
whole personality suggesting a full diet
of adulation. Hut tlie Kaionograpn pre
sents the crudest caricature of human
ity, being rather like a Roentgen pho
tograph In which only the heavier parts
appear. I cannot be in any doubt ns
to the drift uf this. The (subject's soul
is sensitive to a very few of the psychic
undulations. Whole systems of the
finer vibrations beat on his personality
like waves against a cliff. Hereafter
as often as I look at the man I shall
see that ghastly picture.
"I was-fortunnte today. I secured a
fine teat from a brown-eyed, romping
school girl, whose parents left her In
my charge while they visited one of
the scientific collections. While this
winsome lnssle was chatting brightly of
her bicycle, her pets, and her school
mates. I could hear the steady clicking
of the Index In my pocket. The results
are Interesting. The record Is as full
and steady as that of normal resplra
tlon. Evidently the home Influences of
the subject are wholesome. The kalon
nexanh Is a study. It appears much
younger that the subject, owing, I pre
surae, to the fact that soul development
is secondary to that of the body. Some
of the outlines are shadowy, as If In
process of formation, but on the whole
the picture Is beautiful and expresses
a wide range of psychic Impressions.
Another fascinating test Is that of a
fine baby in the arms of hl3 mother. In
the kalonograph the lntter appears
sweet and madonna-like, while on hei
bosom lies a nucleus of tinted shad
ows. Studying them one observes sys
terns of way lines, which, on close in
spection, take the forms of flowers and
clusters of stars.
"I suppose that I am at length an
adept In the art of soul photography,
for I have more cases than I can de
scribe in detail. But there are twe
types of which I begin to be wary. One
can take Images of hundreds of men
and women every day that are simply
healthy and normal. We may say oi
them that they already begin to llv
in the psychic world, and are candi
dates for lmmortnllty. Again, one may
heap up kalonogrnphs of roues, drunk
ards, opium or cigarette fiends, souls
waterlogged with selfishness and with
worldllness, or money gathering auto,
matons. Such products have no psych
ic value. It is manifest that were nun.
dreds of millions of them turned loos?
in the spirit world they could not pop
ulate It. save as, on earth, nolsomt
beasts and reptiles Inhabit a wilderness.
The effect on one Is curious. Heretoforj
material Ihings have seemed the mor
real; the spiritual has been vague ami
speculative. Now, however, the un
seen unlverst- makes an overwhelming
impression of renllty. and I llnd mysell
Judging all men by their soul values. II
Is hard to respect those that cannot
cast a spiritual shadow; yet we are told
that the Redeemer, looking on the sen
sual multitudes, was moved with com
passion. The greatest anomaly Is my
self. Why do I not try these proeehser
in my own case? At times I am con
sumed with anxiety to behold my soul'
image; yet as often ns I npproacr
the test a great terror falls upon me.
"A now subject his come to me In i
strange fashion. Strolling one oven
ing In the suburbs .he soft notes of r
cradle song set ray Index vlbrn'lns '
unison. I noted thnt the houso iroif
whence ths sounds came was l.txt tt
that of a friend, and so It came nbuu
that I met Margaret Van Meter. Hei
family, who are uf old Huguenot stock
came bete after the war to nurse theh
broken fortunes. The father Is now fen
the second time a widower, and then
are two sets of children, all In Marati
ret's care. I now go theiv ofUn. Col
unel Van Mcltr, an old gentleman
the grand style, Is delightfully remln
lscent, and Margaret Is a Umlnatj
shedding toned light all nbout hei. li
Is not easy to say wherein her fasti nb
tlon lies. She Is nut regularly ben m t
ful, but a blind man hearing her voir
and receiving the Influences fiom hei
personality would believe her to bt
lovely. She bus seen little of the world
und has scant culture beyond that ol
books and heredity. Hut my studies
have taught me that the unselfish sou
receives u cormlc dtst ipline. I have a
great desire to study her kulonograpt
und have gene prepared to take It n
score of times, but, as In the case ol
my own, my reive fulls me.
"I have had an umnzlng experience
and realize what It means to play wit!
trnnsceudant forcer. 1 can only stat
the facts; 1 do not as yet see throug
them. Could It have been that In mj
abstraction I drew the apparatus lior
my pocket ns I talked? 1 was spendln
the evening with Maiguret. It was oik
of those rare hours when "soft stillness
and the night, becomes the touches .i
"For a time Margaret played BLire
Chopin's music, and then we walke
the veranda. She told the simple an
nals of her life: her plans for the com
fort of her father's declining years ami
the careers of her brothers and sisters
The purity and harmony of It entcre '
Into my soul. The mellow tones of hei
voice blended with the rtreamy born'
of a mocking bird In the magnolia tree
and a subtle fragrance that iloated on
the nlr had the effect of an emanatlo.i
from her spirit. As we reached a shad
owy corner of the veranda, I yielded t
an overmastering Impulse and often
her my life's devotion, pleading thai
I could help to carry out her plans.
The line outlines of her face glenincu
faintly, like a statue of Attopos, whilt
she said, very gently:
" 'I found this path already marked
out for me, and while It may scni nar
row, I have learned to love It. To ac
cept your offer, however I might try l
dlsgulse It to myself, would be the sub
Btltutlon of a hypothetical duty for a
certain one, and I should no lo.ig.'t
have a single heart. IleslJes that, you
are a man of science, nnd I am an un
lessoned girl that could only hinder you
in your career.'
" 'Oh,' cried I. 'you do not under
stand how nil the science I have evei
mastered has but taught me to discern
the relative value of our souls."
"As I spoke a soft light, us of th
rising moon, shone on her face, and hei
look of perplexity dissolved into won
der and fear. Half turning my hea '
In obedience to her silent gesture. I
saw In the darkness as on a black tnb
let, two luminous Images Margarets
and my own. The one was a magnifi
cent composite of the Greek Ideal and
the Christian Madonna the expression
of her life's perfect harmony nnd tin
possibilities wrought by obedbnee to
the Inward light. Over against her
hung a spectre, only half In clear c i.
line the sketch or nucleus of a man,
reflecting not radiating light, nnd huk
gestlng a plant long grown in the dark
ness and sudenly starting to thrive tin
der newiy admitted light. All this
passed In less time thnn has gone to the
tollinrr of It. A deep sigh aroused me,
and I turned Just in time to catch the
tottering form of Margaret.
"Bearing her within, nnd calling the
family, I hastened out to seek n physi
cian. She was 111 for weeks afterward
and I have never seen her since; nor
do I desire to meet her ngain until a
life kindred with her own has fitted
me to stand unabashed In her presence
I have ceased to concern myself about
the soul-growth of others, seeing m
own In such a state. Reality 13 now t'.it
one tremendous thought of life."
An Intelligent father and mother al
lowed their little boy and girl to have
a romp every night, after being un
dressed. They said the air was good
for their little bodies. The little ones
played together fiom babihoud, and it
wns a long time before either noticed
the distinction of sex, and when the
older child said, "why, slater ain't like
me," the mother answered, "No, she lr
a little girl and you are a boy, and you
are not made Just nllke, that is only
the difference between little girls and
boys," and the child was satisfied with
the Information given. No morbid cu
riosity aroused; no vulgar secrecy.
As far an any curiosity In regard to
being boys or girls was concerned, wns
settled In their little minds for all time.
Yet many so-called modest women were
horrllled because that beautiful mother
allowed her little boy and girl to piny
together undressed. The so-called mod
est mothers often teach tne grossest
vulgarity to their children. There Is
nothing more vulgar, from the stand
point of childhood, than to allow the
distinction of sex to become n morbid
curiosity In the minds of little ones.
As soon as a child wants to know why
he Is a boy, and sister a girl, he should
be taught with pure language from
Mothers, how can you live the care
less lives you do? Talk of mother'8
love! It Is love that allows a child to
think vulgar thoughts concerning her
little body before she Is ten years old?
They are vulgar If at all Ignorant.
There Is no such thing ns love, nny
higher than the bear feels for her cub
unless It is Intelligent. A mother will
work, starve almost, suffer and die even
for her children; so will the bear for
her cubs. Love, to be anything higher
than selfish passion, must be Intelligent
Ask n thousand girls and boys over
fifteen years of age, how they llrsi
came into the knowledge of sex, and I
gunrantee not ten out of the thousand
will say. "my mother taught me." The
way knowledge of sex comes to little
children Is horrible, and mothers and
fathers know It and will not protect
their children by one pure thought.
An Averted Conflict Carefully he
noted his surroundings, cautiously he
peered from his hiding place, then trem
blingly crr.ucnea uncK in tne aaiitnes'i
The enemy wns near, the cruel, the
henrtloss fnemy -but look the enemy
!s retreating yes, with a loud parting
bang, the enemy hrd retreated. Now
all waB safe and he boldly advanced
from the dark cu.ner and cried to his
companion. "To arms, to arms!" And
then w-ril she Hew to his arms, for hei
papa lad Just slammed the door nnc
went out to his club.
Teacher You Me painfully slow with
figures. Tommy. Come, now, speak up
quickly. If your father gave your
mother a $10 bill and a $5 bill what
would she have?
Tommy A fit.
A SAD FAREWELL.
How Our Boys In Qluo Snld Good-By-.
"Well, so long Jim. If you do the
handsome by Old Glory we'll s that
your grave is Kept gteen."
"Never fear, I'll look after her nl
rlghtly Just wall until 1 get a good
IHip at that yellow iugucroB the pond!
But, goodby old man, be 6?od to your
self." A moment later this same soldier biy
was bending low his bend to cntch n
whispered tetultrnesB fiom a pale lit
tie woman whom I fell must be hla
"Of fours 1 will," I heard him sny,
eyes. "There's the hint call and l mto.
hurry. Goodby little mother!" ami ).
head bent low over hers for a mmn -nt
Then he turned nnd walked quuky
toward his icgimeut.
1 stood there in the armory, n soli
tary stranger, while the goodbys oi
our soldiers were watted about me.
"But, Molke me' datllnt, how cim 1
let ye go? You'll be shot the folist ting"
wxtled a buxom lassie, her head suo
stnntlally cradled upon the bosom ol
a gnwky recruit.
"Nlvver mi-lned," he reassured her,
"your Molke can lick the whole grnsey
lot of 'em. And when he gits hum
to your sweetness It will be with gold
(laps on his shoulders und nut a ball
lost from his head."
"I must find George," a blond girl
exclaimed to her dark-eyed compan
ion. "I'll go crazy If oh! there he la
helping pack the ofllcer's box, the an
gel!" und away she shot thiough the
Near me stood a woman with her
child In her arms. She was sobbing
bitterly. "There! there! I thought you
were going to be such n, brave little
woman," came from a muBcullne voice
Such a scurrying hither nnd yon as
there wus by olllcers nnd privates! Such
confusion overhead In the direction of
the quartermaster's apartments! And
nil the while companies were fnlllng
Into line first one, then another io
spondlng to the drum beat.
Oblivious to all the world beside, a
stalwart soldier In oIIUm'h uniform
mude a delightfully romantic picture
ns he plended for a curl from the girl
ish head he was bending over.
"You know you promised," I over
heard him say, and when I next lookel
that way the dark curl was gone from
the bonny brow.
"Well, my son, do honor to your nam?
nml Til npvor recret the duy X'OU
marched away." were the parting words
from a father to a boyish volunteer.
"All my hopes lie In that boy," he said
brokenly to a bystander as the youth
ful form was lost to view.
A crowd of school girls near me were
casting envious glances In all direc
tions where were bits of lovers' part
ings. They kept up a constant chatter.
I overheard a brown-haired one, whom
the others addressed as "Ted," say:
"I think It's a shame. We don't know
even one man that s going to the war,
nnd that tall girl with the berries In
her hat kissed three offlcers, a drum
major and Mx prlvntes."
"Yes," spoke up the one with n red
book strap, "and that captain wearing
the Van Dyke beard has taken half the
morning to say goodby to that silly lit
tle blonde. I just wish 1 had even a
Dewey as Seen By His Son.
"I am the first commodore to com
mand the United States Asiatic squad
ron since Perry, and I think that will
These were Commodore Dewey's last
words, spoken to his only child, George
Goodwin Dewey, when father and sun
bade each other goodby last December.
"These were very significant words,"
said young Mr. Dewey, when I saw
him at his apartment, at No. -J3S West
Fifty-seventh street, last week. "They
did not Impress me when spoken, but
have very much since. In the light of
the events of this week. I wns grasp
Ins father's hand and had said, i wtm
you may have a successful crui.se,
when he spoke these woras.
"How true they have been! Since the
days of brave Perry, admirals have
commanded our Asiatic squadron, but
not a commodore until father took
charge. And then It has meant some
thing. It meant the opportunity of a
lifetime, of which advantage was ta
ken, with grand results.
"When father left here for his com
mand, after trying the Iowa in his ca
pacity of president of the board of in
spection and survey, he snld nothing
about expecting hostilities, but showed
he looked forward with pleasure to tutt
ing command of the squadron. Ho
never savs much about what he ex
pects, but Is always prepared for ev
erything possible. Knowing of his
thoroughness in preparation, and the
fact that he was always master of the
situation, I had no fear of the result
when I knew he would lend his squad
ron in battle against the Spanish foits
"Unfortunately, I have been much
separated from my father, for he has
been off on long cruises, nnd In recent
years while he was home I was at col
lege and afterward entered the com
mission business here In New York, so
I know of but few of the interesting
events of his life, but I do know his
character, habits of thought and uc
tlon." While Mr. Dewey was speaking he
showed In every expression of counte
nance and voice the commendable pride
he felt In his father's achievements, and
when I asked what sort of a man his
father was, as ho viewed mm, ne an
swered quickly, and with a quite evi
dent show or entnusiasm:
"He Is deliberate, cool, businesslike,
without fear, gentle, very fond of chil
dren, good hearted and good to every
one. He is most thorough, determined
and energetic. He Is a disciplinarian,
and everything under his control must
be as near perfect as possible. You
can easily Imagine why I have such
faith in father's ability, when I appre
ciate these strong points in his char
acter. "He Is so very kind hearted; yet
nothing can stop him in the perform
ance of his duty, no matter what the
results may be. He loves a good horse
and is particularly fond of horseback
riding, yet he always considers the
comfort of the animal he rides. He
will not allow his horse to trot on a
hard roud or to be hurried up a steep
hill. Then lie hns always been quite
fond of society, of club life, nnd has
been devoted to children, ami always
enters Into their pleasure.
"That Is one side. But when It comes
to the necessity of fighting, he believes
In being mobt thoroughly prepared, and
striking, quick, hnrd and with dellb
erate Intent of accomplishing the pur
pose of war that Is, putting the enemy
in a cundltion where he cannot fight.
"I was vt-ry much Impressed by his
last letter, received a month ago," con
tinued Mr- Dewey. "He said nothing
about expecting war, but said he was
very busy. Now. 'busy' is a little word,
but I knew what It meant with him.
"He believes that our ships nnd men
are the best in the world. He Is right,
and hns proved It. Fnrragut Is hH
Ideal of n naval commander, and we all
Wnow what Furragut was."
Rend current dairy literature, nnd
keep posted on new Ideas.
Observe nnd enfoice the utmost clean.
lltiesH about the cattle, their attend
ants, the stable, dairy and nil uten
sils. A peison suffeilng from any disease,
or who has been exposed to n contag
ious disease, must remain away tium
the cows and the milk.
Whitewash the stable once or twice
n year; us land plaster In the manure
, Keep the stable and dairy room In
oil condition, frssh nlr ami clean.
or allow the cows to be excited by
hard driving:, nbuso, loud talking, or
unnecessary disturbance; do not expose
tfcr- o cold or storms for nny length
r .. . .i.e w titer In abundance, eupy of
neeesH ami always pure, fresh, but not
too cold; do not use Impure pond.
Salt should always bo accessible.
Milk quietly, quickly, cleanly nnd
thoroughly. Cows do not like unneces
sary noise or delay. Commence milk
ing nt exnetly the same hour every
morning, und milk the cows In the same
Throw away (but not on the floor
better in the guttei) the first few
streams fiom each teat; this milk Is
very watery and of little value, but It
may Injuie the test.
If. In nny milking, a pnrt of the milk
Is bloody or stringy, or unnatural In np
, r, VKi tle whole mess should be 10
Jec'.ed. I 1
with dry hands; never allow the
hamlB to come In contact with the milk.
If nny accident occurs by which a pail
full, or partly full, of milk becomes
ditty, do not try to remedy this by
straining, but reject nil this milk and
iIiiho the pall.
All persons thnt milk the cows should
have their finger nails cut closely.
Remove the milk or every cow nt
once from the stnble to n clean, dry
room, where the air Is pure and sweet
Do not allow cans to remain In stables
while they are being llllod. Never keep
your milk lit your stnble or neur bad
Never close u enn containing warm
milk, which has not been aired nnd
cooled by turning from one can to the
other, stirred, or dipped until animal
heat Is out.
K cover Is left off the con, n piece ol
cloth or mos-qulto netting should be
used to keen out Insects.
Never mix fresh milk with thut which
has been cooled.
Do not nllow milk to freeze.
Under no circumstances should any
thing be ndded to milk to prevent Its
souring. Clennllness and cold are the
only preventives needed.
Benns nre n good feed because they
Eggs sell better when sent to market
in regular cases.
The early pullets are the profitable
winter egg producers.
The laying hen consumes more food
than one not laying.
Ten weeks from shell to market Is the
time allotted a chick.
Ten hens with one mnle make about
the proper proportion.
Ten flocks, each consisting of ten hens
are enough for an ncre.
Keep cabbages hanging In the house
within reach of the fowls.
Scatter the grain at noon nmong lit
ter, so the fowls must exercise.
Egg shells ground to a powder mnke
a good addltloln to the mash.
Filthy quarters produce sickness, nnd
sick hens will not produce eggs.
Cull out the poor layers and give the
prolific hens more room to work.
After the second year the hen's
value as a winter egg-producer lessens.
Make the hens work. Exercise helps
digestion. Feed all they will eat up
Let the fowls hnve drinking troughs
Into which it will be Impossible for
them to pet with their feet. Their wa
ter becomes foul, and to It we may at
tribute many dlsenBes.
Geese profit from a good grass pas
ture, but they should not be allowed
to run In a field where there is any
other stock. They foul the grass quick
ly, so that horsea and cattle will not
eat It. They should have un enclosure
A hen has to lay about 100 egs ta
pay for her keeping. It Is only nfter
that that the clear profits come In.
Have your bees plenty of honey?
When the brood chamber becomes so
full of bees that they are somewhat
crowded for rooms, additional surplus
boxes should be added.
We cannot look for much surp'.u
honey If we allow the bees to swarm nt
will, because excessive swarming will
be the rule with them.
Get hives In rendlness for the bee
when the swarming season comes. No
one can afford to wait until they are
actually needed to put swnrrns In. It
Is Impossible to get hives In shnpo r.t
swarming time. Tho old method ct
picking up null kegs and soap boxe.
to hfve bees In Is not worth the bother
of doing it.
To obtain a crop of honey In n profit
able manner, the surplus boxes should
all be ready o put on the hives at any
time they arc needed. Use the one
pound section box In the latest and
best crates for holding them on the
hives. Prepare foundation comb to use
in the boxes, for without It we shall
Bees usually gather some honey from
fruit blossoms, and this gives them n
good sturt In brood rearing. It .fre
quently occurs that at the end of fruit
bloom they have considerable youin
brood In the combs and but little sur
plus honey In the hive, and unless hon
ey again comes soon from other sourcei
they are In danger of starving. This
should be well looked nfter, and feed
ing resorted to nt once. Colonies ar
Bcant of provisions as this In sprint;
cannot be expected to prove very val
uable, and only those that nre well sup
plied can be depended upon.
Hives containing bees should have a
thorough cleaning every spring. There
Is always a lot of surplus propolis plas
tered over the frames and hive that
will be quite a hindrance in manipu
lating during the. summer. There nre
ulso burr combs stuck about the frame
nnd around the Inside of the hive s i
thnt It Is ulmcst Impossible to get th?
frames in nnd out without killing th
bees or damaging the combs. All this
bhould be removed every Bprlng, and
oftenor If necessary. It Is a good plan
to begin vuth a new hive, and lift oui
the frames and transfer bees and nil
to the new hive, nnd then thoroughly
clean this hive nnd go to the next, u..J
to on all 'round the apiary.
The advantage of big entrances t
shown by the fact that the bees are
quietly at active work, while colonic
with small entrances In hot weathe;
roar like an approaching storm, some ol
thu workers being thus kept from work
Any lmidlment to the free access to
nil parts of the hives, not only for th
pnssaga of the btt8, but for a fr cir
culation of air, will tend to make the
unoomfortable and cause them to gt.
the swarming Impulse.
TO OBTAIN STRONG BKR COLONIir
The great problem with bees Is t
procure wurker bees nt Just the light
time for the honey harvest.
The queen Is the mother of all tlit
bees In a colony, she laying all the
eggs producing them. Under the great
est stimulation, she Is capable of liiym?
from 8.000 to 4,000 eggs n duy, yet often
she Is laying only from K0 to 1.900 eggt
dally at the time she should be dolm
her best. After the egg Is laid It take
three dnj". for It to hatch Into a llttlt
larvn. The larva Is fed for six days
dining which time It has grown ho n
to till the cell, when It Is cupped ovei
and lemnlnt hid fiom view tor twelvt
moro ilny, when It eiuetges a perfect
bee. Thl he now woiks Inslflj of the
hive for sixteen dnys more, when tin
colony Is In n normnl condition, doing
such work as feeding the larva, build
ing comb, evaporating nectar, etc.
when It Is lendy to go outside as n tli1
laborer; and at forty-five days, during
the working season, rrom the time ol
hatching, It dies of old age, and iinothci
generation takes Its place.
From the nbovc It will be seen Hint
the egg must be laid at lenst thirty
seven days before the honey-harvest In
order that our bee have the opportuu
Ity of laboring In that harvest to th"
best advantage. ,
Now. If the hnrvest Is basswood, com
menting to bloom, say, July 7, the cga
for our lub'irer should be laid on
befoie the 1st of dune. But how shall
we secure the laying of the eggs Jui
when we want them. Thete are sevetn
ways, of doing It, such ns feeding t'n
bees thin sweets when you wish the
queen to lay more prollllcly; glvlna
young bees from other colonles thut
will feed the queen an extra amount o!
egg-producing food, etc.; but 1 will
spenk here only of the plan that hns
proven most successful In my hint'' ',
with the least drawback, of any I have
ever used. About May 10 to 20, ac
cording to the weather (If worm or an
early season, the 10th; If cool or a late
season, then the 20th), I commence t
do what Is known ns "sprendlng the
brood," which Is simply reversing the
brood nest nt this lime, putting the
coiibB having the least brood In them
from the outside In the center, and
those tuning tho most brood on the
outside. This stimulates the queen to
fill these neatly broodlesB combs wit''
eggs clenr down to the bottom and out
at the sides, laying twice tho eggs sh"
had been during the days Just past, in
a week or so tho combs of eggs and
larvae are spread apart, and a frame
of comb hnving honey In It set between
them. Che romovlng or this honey
cnuses great activity; the queen Is fed
abundantly and tho comb Is filled with
eggs In a "twinkling." If the colony 1
Btronri In bees, and we have the comb
of honey on bund, two combs enn bo
set In at this time. In u few days more
the brood Is reversed again, soon nfte
which the brood Is likely to fill every
comb except the two outside ones, nnd
these will soon be admitted Into the
brood circle. This plan of mnnlpulr
tlon causes the queen to fill the cells
much more quickly with eggB thnn she
would othetwise have done, and thup
many vntuablo bees are gained, so that
there will be a multitude of laboiers at
tho right time, nnd, as I hnve often
proven (by manipulating one row of
hives In the yard, leaving another row
untouched), nearly twice as tunny ns
there would have been htid the bees
been allowed to take their own course
In this way the best possible results
In honey are secured, and I would ad
vise any beginner to familiarize him
self with this method, Gleanings.
BUTTER MAKING ON THE FARM.
(U. S. Experiment Bulletin.)
No farmer, having ten cows or more
can afford to be without a separator.
A separator will pay for Itself In one
year by Its lavlngs from ten cowh. On
twenty cows It will pay for itself In six
Shallow pan cream Is ready to churn
at any time If it Is cooled below CO de
grees. Sweet cream takes 24 to 30 hours to
sour for churning.
Put no fresh cream In the churn rot
twelve hours before churning; It will
not ripen or churn out.
The stnrter mny be some good skim
miiw nnnroil nt 8S or 00 degrees nnd
thick; or some cream already ripened;
or buttermilk from the last churning If
that churning brought good butter.
Fifty-eight to C2 degrees Is the prope
llent for churning. Some very rich
cream will chum as low at 43 degrees.
Thin cream needs a higher tempera
ture for churning, ubout C2 degrees.
Stop churning when the grains of but
ter are a trifle smaller than whent.
To make the butter float before draw
ing off the buttermilk throw In nbout
one tenspoon of salt per gallon of the
cream. . , ,
Draw off buttermilk through a hall
sieve so as to save all the butter.
Wash butter at CO degrees. This will
harden the grains. Wush twice, and
Don't let butter stand It, water; it
takes away he prized flavor and aroma
Curdled milk In crenm appears as
white specks In butter. Remedy: Keep
the cream stirred so the milk cannot
sepnratc and curdle.
Finished butter should contnln 3-5 of
nn ounce of salt to the pound.
If butter Is salted when it Is first
taken from the churn use one ounce per
pound of bi tter. The brine which will
run off In the working will leave the
butter salted about right.
Pack butter In nent, clean packages,
cacti pound In a separate wrapper if
WHEN TO SPRAY FRUITS.
(From Kansas Ex per. Bulletin.)
Currants- For currant worm use par-
Is green In Bordeaux before flower buds
open, use helleboie one week later, nnd
again every time the worms appear.
For leaf snot use atnmonlacnl carbon
ate of copper In the middle of June.
Bordeaux mixture nfter fruit Is picked
nnd ten dns later.
Gooseberry For gooseberry worm
use parls green in Bordeaux oeiore
leaves expand, one week later; when
the worms appear use hellebore.
For anthracnose use copper sulphate
before buds start, Bordeaux mlxtutv
when lenves are half size, when fruit
hns set and two weeks later.
For leaf-lopper use kerosene emulsion
when flrat seen, and one week later.
For black and brown rot use copper
sulphate before buds start; Bordeaux
mixture Just before blossoming, when
fruit Is feet, ten days later and again
ten days later
Strawberry For leaf blight use Bor
deaux tulxtute when growth first
starts, at opening of earliest blossoms,
nfter crop Is off burn old leaves, and
spray with Bordeaux every three or
For lef roller use parls green bv
first of May. threw weeks later. In
July mow plants and bum leaves
Hellebore Dry mix with two tlme-i
Us weight of road dust; wet mix oi ;
ounce with two ounces of water.
Nature lu busy making, building; the
birds, the lands.- the cattle and men
nrw all planning and producing. Kaeh
has great hopes for th future. lCae1"
will accomplish as his offorts ar well
and wisely directed. Nature and bird
Mnlto a scrap book of your "Horns
To remove egg stains from spoons
rub with moist snlt
Remember thnt when fat bubbles It
Is only just melting und not nt nil in
the right condition for frying. After
the bubbling lias Hiiy.lrtcd a slight
smoke will ntlse, and Uiat Is the mo
ment the material should be put In.
A cup of hot water, declares Sir An
drew Clnrk of London, possesses the
same medicinal qualities attributed ta
un equal amount i whisky, while lack
ing the injurious properties. Hot wa
ter In abundance Is especially recom
mended In malarial tumbles.
Twigs of peach, apple, cherry, lilac
or the flowering currant, cut off now
and placed In n vase on a sunny win
dow und given plenty of water, will
soon but si Into bloom. In the Invalid's
loom or nursery these nvnnt couriers
of tho spiliig wilt find a special wel
come. Sugar taken In small quantities aids
digestion, a sugaied water Is an ex
cellent means of relieving the stomach
of foods which have rcmulned there tea
long. Sugar Is not heating unless taken
In excess or overcooked, or unless It Is
combined with exciting substances, as
The natural four-leaved clover Is now
mounted on pocketbooks.
A warlike scarf pin Is n silver mini
ature dagger with un opal handle.
A now garter buckle has a chased
border and llowers enameled In the
Pigeon throat nnd fuchsia reds ar
the most fashionable tints In this color.
A novel treatment of a brocaded silk
evening bodice shows the pattern In the
silk cut out around the neck nnd cm
broldi.ed In buttonhole stitch for a
finish. Above this coming from under
neath, Is a frill of chlfTon.
Bracelets arc again fashionable, Style
Is not limited to one design, nnd the
girls can dive down Into their boxes
nnd chamois bag.s, where they thrust
pins, necklaces, chains, buckles und all
sorts of gew-gaws, as fashion sets her
sent of disapproval on them, nnd bring
out Just the first bracelet they happen
to lay their bunds on ami don It, nnd
some of the heavy round bracelets,
which slip over the hand und fit loosely
about the wrist, are elaborately carved.
Others, which hug the urtn closely, are
nothing mo thnn a gold wire embel
lished with .4 single gold leaf, frosted,
or a flower with a precious stone In the
SKIRTS OF PIQUE, DUCK AND OR
GANDY. Heavy cottons, such us pique, duck or
crash, will be mnde with skirts gored
In five pieces, four yards wide, and
either left plain or decorated with cot
ton bruld or Hamburg Insertion. Tho
Spanish flounce Is liked for pique frocks
with a row of Insertion nt the edge of
the ruflle and also heading It. Another
design shows thu trimming outlining n
pointed apron, running up to the belt
at the buck und In a straight row
around the top of the four-Inch hem.
Glnghum dresses In plaids and stripes
will be very much worn.
Skirts of thin materials, such as or
gandy, are also gored, but the flounces
If deep are cut on tho straight ana one
or more rows of lace Insertion let In.
If tho ruflles nre narrow they are cut
bias and edged with lace. These skirts
are elaborately ruftled, nnd when wash
ing In not allowed for, each frill Is fin
ished with laco and n row of narrow
satin ribbon of the prominent color of
the flguro In the goods. The umorelln
skirts of nlno gores, four yards In
width, with Insertion let In at every
seam, and finished with a five-Inch
ruflle edged nnd headed with the lace,
are becoming to women of stout fig
ures. Ladles' Home Journal.
To one-half of a pound of almond
paste (which can be purchased In bulk
from any first-class grocer) allow four
to five egg whites und one-half of a
pound of powdered sugar. Masli the
paste with a fork and work Into It the
four unbeaten whites, one at a time.
Add the sugar and work and beat unt'
thoroughly incorporated. Test with a
small spoonful dropped on a greased
pun and bake In a moderate oven. If
too stiff nnd dry add half of a white
and test ngaln; the exact amount enn
not be giver, as eggs are so apt to vary
In size. When the test one appears
right press them out In portions the
size of a silver quarter on slightly
greased paper spread on Hat pans. Dust
them with a little powdered sugar and
bake in a moderate oven. When taken
from the oven stnnd where there Is no
draft while cooling or they will sink.
A DELICATE REPAST.
The Astor house chef Is responsible
for this, whose formidable French name
has slipped my mind, delicious. Inex
pensive dish. Neatly remove the bones
from prime beef ribs, trim, wipe clean,
lay Hat with Inside uppermost and sea
son with pepper and salt. Over this
spread dressing prepared as for turkey
of equal thickness of the meat; begin
ning with th thinner end roll and firm
ly skewer, dredge with flour, pepper
and salt, stand on end and bake tl 1
tender Inside and crisp outside. Slice
transversely-like Jelly roll Its thick
ened Juices make a rich brown gravy
Sweet potatoes and creamed onlonB, or
Irish potatoes and squnsh, are good
vegetables to serve with this meat.
CREAM OF PEA SOUP.
One pint of canned or cooked dried
peas, one qirart of milk, one tablespoon
butter, two tablespoons of flour, one
half teaspoon of salt, and three dashes
of cayenne. Press the peas through a
colander or vegetable press. Boll the
milk and add the pressed peas, uuo
the butter and flour together, stir In
the boiling soup and cook until It
thickens; n01 the seasoning and serve
at once. Family Messenger.
Peel six nice potatoes, cut them as
you would peel an apple round, dry
thorn thoroughly, dip In flour, nnd fry
In plenty o' boiling lard. Drain on
paper before the fire and serve at once.
Husband (suddenly waking up at dead
of night) What In the world was that
Wife (calmly) It's nil right, dear.
The guests of the Astor ball are Just
coming home, nnd 1 slipped down nnd
guve our front door a slam, x so the
neighbors would think we were there.
What's th matter. Uncle Rube?
I'se insulted, snh; dat Cnp'n Jones
done call me a nigger!
Well, nren't you a nlggerV
Yes, sun; dat's jest It!
"You were always a fault-finder,"
growled the wife.
"Yos, daor," responded the husband,
meekly; "I found you."
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