Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190?, March 25, 1898, Image 7

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In the Event of War tho Mllltla
Would Not Be Racagnlzed.but tnu
Qovernors of States Would Bo
Called Upon For Volunteers.
Hre arc some facts about the en
rollment of volunteers by Uncle Sam
In the event (if a war with a fotelgn
power, many of which will be nows to
a very large pioportlon of eligible citi
zens. Unless pushed to un extremity,
the old fellow wants none to wear his
uniform unwillingly. Should clrsum
Btonces demand it, however, he could
put 10,000,000 lighting men In the field.
Am I eligible for military service
Against Slii. a suouid w.a tie deiuttea.'
Is a question that natuially suggests
ttself to every male citizen in these
The war department Is estimating the
number of men who, In ense of n great
war, might bo drafted Into service In
the last emergency.
The rough estimates of the adjutant
general's office, It Is announced, Is that
we can If needs be raise an enormous
army of ten million males of lighting
Every man mustered Into service In
case of war with Spain must submit to
examination by an army surgeon. Un
cle Sam has become very exclusive us
to the choice of his soldiers and sailors
since our last war. The first army to
be sent Into the Held woutd be com
posed of a very choice set of men. As
greater numbers were mustered In tho
restrictions would grow less and less se
vere. The greater part of the popular mind
has the mistaken Idea that men In the
National Guard, the organized state mll
ltla, would be pressed Into service next
after the regular army, but Buch Is not
the case. At the first bugle call every
member of the mllltla will have a
chance to volunteer, but until a draft
la ordered no militiaman will bo re
quired to take the Held against his de
sire, Men who go unwillingly axe not
wanted. They make the poorest sol
There will be no such arm of the ser
vice as the mllltla In the event of the
next great war with a foreign power.
It would be Illegal for President McKln
ley, Commander-in-Chief of the army
and navy, to order the militia outside
of' our boundaries for the purpose of In
vading Spanish territory or any other
foreign domain. No governor would be
required by law to honor the president's
call for mllltla. To avoid possible com
plication, therefore, the president would
act on the assumption that there Is no
mllltla In any of the states. The regu
lar army Droving insufficient, he would
first call upon governors of states for
a certain number of volunteers. Or
ganized bodies of mllltla might volun
teer In body and offer themselves al
ready organized, every man consenting.
Officers from and including the ranlc
of colonel down would be appointed by
governors of states to command bodies
of volunteers, but for the president Is
reserved the privilege of appointing all
general officers.
The war department has prepared a
diagram, dividing each state Into dis
tricts, and has calculated tho quota of
troops which might be drafted Into
service from each should volunteers
Crove Insufficient. Before a draft would,
e ordered in a district slow to volun
teer Its full quota, bounties would be
ottered by the federal government, and
perhaps by the state.
During the late war some townships
offered bounties to men unwilling to
volunteer. Men In those days were
known to receive bounties aggregating
1,500 from the national, state and
local governments. High bounties,
sometimes as great as $450, were offered
by the federal government for veterans
who had seen their three years' service
tend had been honorably discharged to
ward the end of the war. Should the
bounty system fall to bring out the re
quired number of men the draft would
then bo resorted to.
Should you volunteer your services at
the first call for an addition to the
army, you may stand a chance to enter
the ranks If you are between twenty
one and thirty years old, of good char
fccter and habltH, free from disease, able
'bodied, not lesli than five feet four
niches tall and between 125 nnd 100
pounds In weight. If you measure above
five feet ten Inches in height, or weigh
Hbove 1C5 pounds you can enter the In
fantry or artillery, but not the caval
ry. These are the requirements for en
trance to the regular army. They would
remain In force during the mustering
pf volunteers until men should be pass
Id In with insufficient speed.
Then the restrictions in regard to age
would be made less exacting. In great
emergency the lighting age would
loubtless be stretched from eighteen to
forty-live. The restrictions In regard to
weight would perhaps be changed, but
rery heavy men would not be accepted.
Fat men do not make as good soldiers
is thin men. The war department has
prepared a table showing what It con
ilders to be the correct proportions of
height, weight and chest measurement.
if you correspond very nearly to these
rou may consider yourself of military
physique. A man 5 feet 4 Inches tall
ihould weigh 12 S pounds , should have
tchestmeasurlng 32 inches without
rcath and a chest expansion of at least
two Inches. A man 5 feet 10 Inches tall
ihould weigh 165 pounds, should have a
thest measurement of 35 Inches when
Without breath and should have an ex
pansion of nt least 2Vt inches. Similar
ly, If he be G feet 1 Inch tall, he should
weigh 176 pounds, should measure 38V
Inches around his chest after breathing
tut and should have a chest expansion
if at least 2Vfe inches. "Weights between
these are given proportionate measure
ments for the other details.
In the event of war many require
ments prescribed for enlistment In the
regular army during peace must be
illmlnated. For Instance, It would be
Impossible for you to enter the army
bow If you are married, If you are not
I. citizen of the United Stntes or a can
lldate for citizenship, or If you cannot
ipead, rend or write the English lan
guage. Married men and foreigners
Would be readily accepted as volunteers
n case of war, and it would count for
little whether a private could read or
Similarly, in the navy certain restric
tions would have to be eliminated In
tase of war Mnles may enter the navy
?' they are between fourteen and thlrty
ve years old. In time of war the max
imum age limit would doubtless be
raised ten years. According to the
printed regulations, persons enlisted In
the naval service must be "of robust
frame, intelligent, of perfectly sound
tnd healthy constitution, free from any
physical defects or malformation, and
oot subject to fits."
Many vacancies for patriotic- boys will
occur In the event of a war. Boys be
tween sixteen and eighteen may enter
the army, but only as musicians. To bi
a drummer boy In the war would be
very picturesque. To enlist for such
sen Ice, however, a boy must have "th
written consent of his father, only sur
viving parent or legally appointed guar
dlan." With similar consent boys be
tween fourteen and seventeen may en
ter the navy to serve as apprentices,
but they must be "of robust frame, In
telllgent. of perfectly sound nnd healthy
constitution," nnd free front a long Its)
of physical defects. A boy fourtcer
yeais of age must not measure less thar
four feet nine inches, weigh not lest
than seventy pounds, and while breath
Ing naturally must have a chest meas
urement not less than twenty-eight
In case the president should cnll fot
volunteers, gnat trouble would bi
caused by those who are ambitious tc
enter the field as officers and not as en
listed men. During the late war annoy
ance was caused by the mustering o.
men by companies. In the next great
war the government would doubtlesi
sections of the various states, in turn
and assign them to brigades, divisions
corps and armies, without partlculai
regard to the states from which thej
might come.
Having been mustered Into the serv
ice of the federal government, the gov
ernors of the separate states would not
have authority over them not ever
over the lieutenants, captains, mnjort
and colonels which the governors might
have originally commissioned. Volun
teers from the District of Columbia-
would be called out directly by the pres
ident, but those from the territories
through the territorial governors.
To begin with, each volunteer would
of couise, get the same pay as now al
lowed the soldiers of the standing army
of equal rank. This pay might be
raised to encourage recruits, but It Is
very unlikely that It would ever be low
ered. TO reduce the pay of troops would
mean the ruination of the esprit du
corps. In the land service you would,
as an enlisted man, earn from $13 to 131
a month, according to your grade
whether a private, musician, wagoner,
artificer, saddler, farrier, blacksmith,
corporal, trumpeter, sergeant or ser
geant major. If enlisted In the navy
you would receive from $1G to $60, ac
cording to rank.
There would be little chance of yout
becoming a commissioned officer In n
future war of Importance, unless you
might be an officer of mllltla or a grad
uate of some military Institution. An
officer Ignorant of military tactics and
appointed for political reasons would
do more damage to his own army than
a body of enemy equal to his command.
Hundreds of old veterans of the late
war would doubtless apply for elm
missions in the event of a sudden out
break. A wise government, however,
Is paref ul to select only able bodied men
for military service, lelst the pension
roll be swelled to enormous extent after
the conflict. Therefore It Is economy
for recruiting officers to discriminate
closely between healthy and unhealthy
"Is the male element of our popula
tion physically as capable of military
service as It was at the outbreak of the
civil war?"
This question has been put to many
high authorities during the last week.
The surgeon general of the army said
that although he had no data whatever
to prove that youth of today Is physi
cally supcror to that of 1861, he would
venture to state on his own responsl-
bllty that the former is certainly on an
equality with the latter. Another well
known army officer said: "There are no
longer the conditions eslstlng at the
time of the battle of New Orleans.
Troops drawn from Kentucky, Ten
nesee and such states had all the ele
ments of a soldier to begin with. They
were In the habit of carrying rllles from
Infancy. They were crack marksmen
and In many respects like the Boers of
today Now, however, the old fron
tiersman has been changed Into the
American farmer. We can Hnd no such
marksmen ns there were in Jackson's
day among the common people. To or
ganize an effective army today we
would have to teach the men how to
shoot as well as how to march, and It
takes long practice to make a good
As to the tendency to enlist, one offi.
cer said that It would be much stron
ger among our youth today than it was
In 1SC1. "There Is scarcely a boy In the
world." said he, "who hasn't found en
thusiasm In the war experience of some
relative." One officer said that It Is
the general belief among modern au
thorities that city boys make better boI
dlers than country boys. Therefore thr
rapid absorption of the suburbs by ou.
large cities would tend to raise the
standard of youths eligible for mllltarj
service, rather than lower It. Schoo.
athletics, the bicycle and above all
military drill, have raised the youthfu
fighting strength. Ten thousand boyr
are receiving military Instruction from
the regular officers of the army, ant'
many more are drilled by militia offi
cers and other teachers with milltar;
Why She Prayed.
This story will be appreciated by those
who went to Sunday school Sunday and
studied the lesson, which was "How tc
Pray," says the Omaha World-Herald
In a North Omaha Sunday school tin
teacher of the primary class was en
gaged In the task of explaining to the
little tots the meaning of the Lord'i
"Can any one tell me," she asked,
"why we should ask God to give ua
this day our dally bread?"
A little girl sitting in the front seat
raised her hand and shook it with all
the vigor of a pupil who knows the an
swer to a question and wants a chance
to tell It.
"Susie knows," said the teacher. "Su
sie, you tell us why we should ask God
to give us this day our dally bread?"
" 'Cause papa Is out of work, and II
God don't give us bread we'll go hun
gry." was the startling but practical
Marriage, according to Dr. Schwarta
of Berlin. Is the most Important factor
In longevity. Of every 200 persons who
reach the age of 40 years 125 are mar
ried and seventy-seven unmarried. At
80 years the proportions are forty-eight
to twenty-two; at 70 years, twenty
seven to eleven, and at 90 years, nine to
three. Fifty centenarians had all been
married. The doctor asserts that the
rate of mortality for husbands and
wives between the ages of 30 and 45 is
18 per cent, while that for unmarried
persons is 2S per cent.
i .
"Mind you," said a Boston man testi
fying concerning his application for di
vorce, "I never saw my wife until about
a half-hour before we were married. I
was standing on the sidewalk near my
ou8e and she was on the opposite side
f the street. She beckoned to me and
c roused over. She treated me to two
rins of beer, and when I awoke I was
married man." Such was the testi
mony In a divorce suit last week q
sad case, Indeed, of rushing the matri.
monlal growler.
"So he married In haste? Did he re
pent nt leisure?" "No, he repented In
haste, too."
rt'Mv0 Uley .wel? hlPily mar
ried? Ncll--Yc8; each of them married
somebody else.
A married woman can' thoroughly
enjoy a love story without forgetnng
for a time the existence of her husband
and children. Atchison Globe.
The Fair One 1 suppose you will
marry, though, when the goldon oppor
tunlty otters, won't you? The cautious
One It will depend upon how much
gold there Is in the opportunity. Har
per's Bazar.
John Wind nnd Evelyn Wreck have
Just been mnrrled out In Sedgwick
county. Kansas. An Irrevent southern
editor thinks with such numes as these
inergeu imo one it is no wonder that
Kansas Is so often visited by cyclones
Chinese brides, . when putting their
bridal garments on the eventful mom
ing, Bland in round, shallow baskets
during their lengthy toilets. This is
supposed to Insure them placid nnd well
rounded llvus In their new homes.
An old lady In Mexico, whose ago Is
said to be 115 years, was recently mar
r cd to a man of 38. Sho has been mar
ried seveinl times, and each time a bus.
band has died she has picked out as I1I9
Buccessbr the oldest man In the neigh
borhood William II. Kroger of San Francisco
thrashed the clergyman who married
him because was asked to pay what ha
thought was too large a fee. Mrs. Km
print; nnd we succumb today. In tho
-snu Jan. inA oah oj posn;oj uaiii jjfl
ger's style of argument.
It Is hard to resist tho unkind temp
tation to notice the occasional mis
band, evidently being In fear of Kro
Thames side suburb the local paper says
that the brldo "looked charming In a
long-trained shirt." London Globe.
An Atchison girl last week married
an out-of-town man, and there Is every
reason for believing that he amounts
to something. At least no one has told
that he Is a capitalist, a big cattle deal
er or a banker. Such stories are usu
ally told where the man Is poor and
"Before a man Is married," said the
minstrel orator, "before a man Is mar
ried he Is only half a man." "There!"
said the married women to their escorts,
"How do you like that?" "And alter he
is married," continued the orator, "ho
is nobody at all." Indianapolis Jour
nal. "No," said the rich old bachelor, "I
never could find time to marry." "Well,"
replied the young woman with the sharp
tongue, "I am not surprised to hear you
say bo. It certainly would have taken
a good while to persuade any girl tc
marry you." New Orleans Times-Democrat.
Corea'a emperor, now that he has
burled the ashes of his late consort, Is
looking about for a new wife. The
Corcan people do not care whom he se
lects, but wish him to marry soon, so
that they may have lawful marriages
again, nil marrying nnd giving In mar
riage throughout the country having
come to an end according to custom the
moment the late queen was murdered,
more than two years ago.
' ' m m
Causo of Nervousness.
Dr. G. Hudson Makuen of the chair of
Defects of Speech at the Philadelphia
Polyclinic, In an address of "Defects
of Speech and Their Relation to Men
tal Development," said:
The future of the profession of medi
cine will be along the line of preventive
medicine, and therefore It will be more
and more the duty of the physician to
teach the lessons of health to .the well
rather than to administer drugs to the
sick. The organs of speech are closely
and intimately connected with the most
Bensltive and delicate parts of our ner
vous organization, and the slightest
friction or disturbance In the nct;on ol
these organs may have the most serious
consequences. We are all familiar with
many of the symptoms of eye-strain,
for instance, but we do not appreciate
the fact that what may be tailed spee h
stratn presents symptoms that may be
far moie serious.
The records of 400 cases of defective
Bpeech showed that In the great major
ity of them the defects were not due
to nervousness, but that speech defeats
have a deleterious effect upon the gen
eral health of the suffererand especi
ally upon the mental condition of the
Among special diseases of the throat
responsible for mental defects the ade
nold growth Interferes not directly, but
Indirectly, through the speech. Situ
ated In the respiratory tract, Immedi
ately behind the nose, and between .he
nose and throat, It interferes with res
piration. As the respiratory organs
are nn Important part of the voi-al
mechanism, this growth Interferes with
the normal development of speech, ai d,
as speech is absolutely essential to te
highest brain activity, there follows n
Impairment of all the mental faculties.
The vacant staie, the stupid expres
sion, the open mouth nnd the slow men
tality all hitherto considered charac
teristic symptoms of the adenoid vege
tationare present In many other ab
normal conditions of the vocal organs
which cause defective speech. The cleft
palate case, foi Instance, will present
exactly the same symptoms. The point
that Is to be emphasized then. Is that
the dull, listless expression and sluggish
mentality that we Hnd In chlldien with
nasal or post nasal obstiuctlons, or
with faulty vocal organs, are due di
rectly to the difficulty experienced In
the development of speech. Tho mind
is deprived of an important stimulus to
activity by making It difficult to use
Its chief working instrument.
Defective speech Is often a sjNMptom
of brain lesion and not a disease In It
self, and it Is, therefore, a most Im
portant guide to the diagnosis of many
serious lesions of the brain and nervous
Dr. Mauken described In detail a
number of Interesting cases of speech
defects, giving their causes and the
methods pursued In correcting them.
He explained that In many cases the
trouble arises In the formative period
of the child's life when, perhaps, tho
circulation Is bad, and he suffered from
cerebral anemia, or a lack of sufficient
blood supply to the brain, and a par
ticular convolution of the brain con
trolling speech, probably on account of
the complexity of Its structure and of
its functions, is affected most by the
anemia and improved least with his
Improvement In general health. There
Is a functional disturbance In this cen
ter among the nerve units, and instead
of normal speech there is developed
a Jumble of meaningless sounds. The
child himself knows ns he grows older
and stronger that these are not tin
correct sounds which he Is accustomed
to hear and understand so well, but he
Is unable, much to his own disappoint
ment, to make any other sounds.
Dr. Makuen said that the treatment
for speech defects is the physical train
ing of the various mechanisms of
Bpeech. Various exercises should be
carefully shown day after day how to
make the eler..entary sounds of the lan
guage, how to shape the lips, where to
place the tongue, etc
Tha Colonel Bpoko.
Colonel Hastings had advertised thi
fact that he was going down Into Iro
quois county, tho stronghold of Judge
Bart-os, his rival for the state senate, to
make a canrfJnlgu speech. Threo or
four days before the proposed niectlnir
he was waited upon by a delegation of
Barnes' men, rtn I the leader raid:
"Kurnel Hastings, I'm a truthful man,
anu iiiougli 1 U011 1 want to hurt your
feelings, 1 must tell ye that not a man
in tmi iroquiiH win vote fur ye."
"I'm not asking anyone to," 1
tho colonel
"But ye or' cumin' down to make a
"Yes, I'm going to do that. It has
been said that I'm afraid to do It, so I've
got to let the people know to the con
trary." "Kurnel, the boys ar" a purty hard
lot down thar'," said the spokesman
with a solemn shako of tho head.
"Yes, I know they nre."
"I'm aft aid they'll hoot ye down."
"They will get tired of hooting after
a while," so Id the colonel.
"If they And hootln' won't dn llinv'u
begin to throw eggs and things. Thcy'vo
bin savin' up eggs fur tho last ten
"So I hear, but I shall appear on the
platform Just tho same."
"Kuinel," said the spokesman ns ho
grew more earnest, "our boys nr' a bad
lot. They don't want you, and If eggs
won't keep you olt they'll try clubs and
stones. I vc heard some of 'em say
they'd even hang you to a limb."
"Yes, I've heard so," quietly replied
the colonel, "but you go back and tell
them that I shall Hpeak as advertised."
Tho delegation departed, each man
looking upon the colonel as one stand
lug upon (he threshold of death; and
when they got home and reported his
words, there was great Indignation and
a general determination to bring low
his head in sorrow. When the advertis
ed day cime aiound there were 400
Barnes men on the ground preparing for
business. As they waited for tho en
emy to appear he came along tho high
way fiom Anderson. Behind him came
a portable boiler provided with a fog
horn. Following that was a four-horse
wagon loaded with brli k bats and twen
ty men to throw them. Just In the rear
was a second boiler on wheels, with
hOBo to throw hot water. Then there
waB a cart full of ax-helves, baso ball
bats and plcknx handles, accompanied
by flfUcn men. Bringing up the rear
was a wagon holding two doctois, an
undertaker and ten coffins. All the men
and vehicles closed around the open air
piairorm, and colonel Hastings mount
ed the steps and looked around and
"Gentlemen of Iroquois county. I am
here toduy to speak on the lBsues of
this campaign. Here Is a fog-horn that
can be heard nine miles. If you want
to try to out-hoot It go ahead. Here
are hot water, brick bats, coffins, doc
tors and an undertaker. If you need
them they are yours. Has anyone
anything to sny.
No man hnd a word In reply until he
hnd spoken for two hours and finished.
Then the leader of the Barnes faction
raised his voice and asked:
"Kurnel Hastings, will ye take a
"Never, sir I"
"Will ye take the scnatorshlp?"
"I will."
"Then ye Bhnll hev It by a thousand
mnjorlty, and anything else old Iro
quois kin give ye, fur what we love
above all things on nlrth ar' a critter
with Band!"
Not In Their Lino.
"Talking about railroad accidents,"
said the lame man as he rubbed away
at his knee "I've been railroading for
fifteen years and have had a few close
calls In that time."
"And the rear car Is always the safest
one on a train, iBn't it?" asked one of
the group.
"That's a question. Five times In my
life I've been In the rear car when all
the rest of the tiain was derailed and
plied up, and we hardly felt a Jar. On
Heen or eight other occnslons It has
been the rear car which dropped thro'
the bridge or went off the rails. If
Providence has anything to do with It,
as some argue, It seeniB to divide the
thing up even. No, I couldn't say tha'
any particular car was tho safest."
"A railroad man Is protty certain to
get hurt sooner or later," was observed.
"Oh, of course. I've known a man
klled the ilrst day he begun business,
nnd then again I've known 'em to pull
through for twenty years and not get
a scratch. An accident Is sure to come
at last, however."
"Ah In your case?"
"As In my case, sir. I was conductor
for fourteen years and never got a
scratch. Then this thing happened and
I shall be lame for life. It Is no partic
ular consolation, of course, but nearly
twenty people were killed at the lime
of the accident."
Being pressed for particulars he ele
vated his lame leg to the seat oposlte
and said:
"We were running out of Chicago In
the darkest kind of a night, nnd for the
first hour we lost time. Then we reach
ed a prairie level, and the engineer
gave her extra steam to make up. We
were running full fifty miles an hour
when we struck a hoise on the track.
He wasn't thrown off by the cow
catcher, but rolled under the trucks
and threw every coach oft the track.
It was a big smash-up with twenty peo
ple killed and ever so many wounded."
"And you were caught In the wreck?"
"Oh, no! No, I went over with the
smoker, but didn't get a scratch!"
"But you are lame," persisted the
"Yes, I know. I got my hip broken,
but It wasn't In the wreck. Lots of
killed and Injured, but I escaped."
"But but "
"It was this way, sir. I had got out
of the wreck and started for the nearest
farm house, to ask the owner why In
thunder he didn't keep his old horss
tied up In the barn, when I fell Into a
ditch and was lamed for life! No,
wasn't hurt In the wreck. Railroad men
hardly ever get hurt on the road. They
fall over fences, get hit by cable cars,
tumble down stairs, or cut themselves
while splitting wood."
"Then you didn't find the farmer?
was sarcastically Inquired
"No. never found him: and to this da
I can't tell you even the color of thai
old horse',"
Black taffeta shirt waists are tucked
corded or shirred In every possible man
ner, and trimmed with horizontal lace
Insertions, clustered rows of black vel
vet ribbon, biler stitching In white
black or bright colors or made perfectl
plain, with loose fronts, fitted seamiest
bncks, a deeply pointed yoke, nnd ma
chine stitched revers and a turn-dowr
collar, with which Is worn a scarf tie In
tartan colors, or a wider one In net 01
mull, edged with fine fancy lace In one
or the other of Its countless delicate and
beautiful patterns.
At the university of Michigan then
are more than three-fourths as man)
Presbyterians as at Princeton, and flf
teen times as many ns In the Presby
terian collets In Michigan.
Ho Wantod to Bo Obliged.
At 10 o'clock In the forenoon, an 1
trnvolcd tm road an foot, 1 met an old
iiiulr, who was lame nnd half-blind and
ltobbllng at a flow pace A mile further
un 1 met a man with nn nx on his shoul
der, and mo stopped and exchanged a
few words n hour later 1 came to a
man standing In the road In front of n
tumbledown cabin, nnd as I drew neat
he began Jumping up and down and
"He's got him! He's got him! He's got
my mewl, and I'll hev him In Jail befo'
"Have you lost a mule?" I asked, as I
came to a halt beside him.
"Yes, sah, I hev! My mewl has bin
stolen this very mnwnlti, and Pete DIs
el Is the dratted critter who got him!
Did you meet him on the road?"
"Yes, I met a man and a mule."
"And the man wiib Pete Disscl, and
ho had my mewl?"
"No, the man was a nillo or bo behind
the mule, and when we parted he turned
Into the woods. J don't think he ever
saw the mule. He was a Hinall man,
with black eyes and long, black hair."
"That's Pctel" yelled tho squatter as
ho Jumped up nnd down and waved his
hat. "He's bin dyln' to Hteal that mewl
fur a y'ar back, and now he'H got him
and I'll hev hlni In Jalll Stranger, I'll go
with you to Colvlllo and you'll HWear
you saw Pete Dlssel leadln' off my
"But you seen him."
"1 saw a mule and I saw a man, but
the man wiih a mile behind tho mule. As
1 snld, I don't think he even Haw the
"But he must. That'H Pete Dlnsel, the
mcaiwst man In all these parts, and he's
bragged that ho would steal my mewl.
Wasn't he leadln' that mewl with a hal
ter?" "No, Blr."
"Then with a linrlc rope?"
"No, sir."
"Then ho was drlvln' him. Yes, he
must hev bin drlvln' him."
"1 told you how It was," I replied,
"The mule was so far ahead of the man
that he couldn't be seen. I am also Hum
that the man turned Into the woods."
"1b that what you'll Bwear to?"
"If I have to Bwear at all, "which I
don't think I will."
"Look yere, stranger," continued the
pquitter In a pleading voice, "won't you
do mo a mortal favor? That Pete Dlssel
Is one of the meanest critters you ever
did hear of. If he didn't steal that
mewl It'B because he didn't see him."
"Well, I wnn't you to swear that he
was leadln' the beast away with a rope.
If you'll do It you'll obleege me to the
end of my dnys and help me git oven
with a cantankerous man."
"But I can't do It," I said.
"Not to obleege me?"
"Not to oblige any one. I don't pro
pose to commit perjury."
"And I enn't coax you to nwoar?"
"No, air."
"Then, Blr, Icmmo tell you that you
ar' a blamed mean critter Just ns bad
as Pete DlsHel, and sab and whoopee I'
But I dodged his onslaught and took
to my heels. He was close after me for
forty rods, but then I began gaining
and nt the end of half a mile he flung
a stone or two after me and gave up the
Infootlon and Contagion.
Infectious diseases are those due to
tho Introduction Into the body of some
dlseuse-produclng agent, nnd much
confusion nrls'es from tho fact that all
contagious diseases are Infectious,
while not all Infectious dlsenscH are con
tagious. Knowledge gained chlelly
during the hist twenty years shows us
that the dlsense-produclng agent shall
be a living organism, capable of repro
duction In the body of the Infected In
dividual. It matters not, snyB Dr. Geo.
M. Sternberg, whether this living or
ganism Is large or small, whether it be
longs to the animal or vegetable king
dom, whether It Is located In the sktn
as In scabies, In the muscles ns In trichi
nosis, In lymphatics aa In erysipelas, In
the solid viscera as In amoebic abscess
of the liver, In tho Intestines ns In chol
era, or In the blood as In relapsing fe
ver, the introduction and multiplication
of the living Infectious agent constitute
Infection. A dlscaso Is r-ontnglous when
It Is transmitted from the Hick to" the
well by personal communication or con
tact Smallpox, scarlet fever, measles,
dlphtheila, Influenza, etc., are Infectious
diseases which are contagious; while
malarial fever, typhoid fever, yellow fo
ver, cholera, pneumonia, peritonitis,
etc., uro Infectious diseases which arc
not ordinarily contagious.
Canning Sweat Corn.
The canning of sweet corn Is an In
dustry of remarkable growth, tho first
corn having been packed about 1S33,
while 72.000 tons were put up In the
United Stntes In lbjo. Recent largo
losses from souring have led to an In
vestigation nt the Massachusetts Insti
tute of technology. The souring Is
found to be due to fermentation Bet up
by bacteria, which exist on the corn in
the field, and are not destroyed by the
temperature of ISO to 190 degrees at
which the corn Is cooked in the cans. Te
effect sterilization the packer placet
the cans In retorts heated by steam un
der piessure. Experiment has shown
that a temperature above the boiling
point of water must be reached through
the corn to kill all bacteria, and that
exposure of the cans for elxty minutes
to 250 degree Fahrenheit insures com
plete sterilization, but the inlnlmun:
time and temperature of safety are still
to be determined. Considerable time
Is essential on account of the slow con
duction of heat through the corn. A
demand for corn of light color seems tc
have led the packers to reduce too much
the time or temperature of the steriliz
ing process, and the soured corn of lati
years has resulted.
Eloct-lc Aid In Dentistry.
A new electric heater for the use ol
dentists has been patented. In prepar
ing cavities of teeth for filling, the ca
nal in the root Is often found exposed,
and this also requires to be treated and
cleansed preparatory to being filled. II
Is Important that this canal, which in
some teeth is tortuous Instead of being
straight, be effectually dried before the
filling Is Inserted. For effecting this
absorption of moisture many method!
have been tried with Indifferent success
The process hitherto found most effect
ive is the use of a small bellows for
blowing heated air within the tooth
The air from the bellows passes over 0
wire which Is made red hot by the pass
age of current, the current being turned
on by the pressure of a button within
the handle of the device. It Is now
Eought to produce the drying more dl
rectly by a flexible metal probe, elec
trically connected, which is Inserted
while cold, or moderately warn, in the
root canal of the tooth. As the current
is admitted the heat generated in the
probe dries out the moisture within the
. .I
A new padlock has been invented with
a chamber whleh carries an explosive
to be fired by a hammer Inside the look
and gives an alarm when the lock It
tampered with.
"Mammp," fiald a certain llttfe man,
"when you go to town buy me a whis
tle and It 1 it be a reiglous whistle, so
that I can play with it on Sunday."
"Willie, l.nvo you and Johnny been
fighting nnnm?" "Ycs'm. We was out
doois plaj.r' we owned the stars and
Becln' who tould own the must, nnd h
rung In a spy glims on me."
Bonnie had never before seen a Brah
ma fowl; accordingly the feathers on its
legs seetntd very Htrange. Turning to
his father, he asked: "Pa, do all hens
have whiskers on their legs?" Judge.
"Whose little man are you7" asked
the physician of a bright-looking young
Bter aged 4, who was playing on the
steps of a patient's residence. "I'bo my
jiiamma'B," replied the little fellow;
"Whose big man Is 'ou7"
After the dinner at the cafe, Robby
notlted with bulging eyes tho heaping
pile of change which tho waiter brought
back to hl father. "Oh, papal" ho ex
claimed. 'Oh, papa! I'd like to have a
plate of that, tool" Harlem Life.
"But, Tummy, unless you forgive ev
erybody you can't be good.and you can't
go to heaven." "Ib It becaune Adam
sinned thnl all of tts are born so bad?"
"Yes, dear." "Well, then, I am going
to stay bad awhile. I can't forgive
Adam." Chicago Record.
"Mamma, have I any children?" asked
little 5-year-old Ella upon hor return
home from Sunday bcIiooI. "Why, no,
of courso not! What put that Idea Into
your hond7" replied tho surprised moth
er. "Because," answered tho little lady,
"our Iobboii today was about people's
children and their children's children."
A clergyman was In his library one
day preparing his Sabbath discourse.
He paused frequently to review what
he had written and would often erase
a word and sentence nnd substitute an
other, and IiIh 5-ycnr-old boh, who was
watching him, asked: "Papa, docn God
tell you what to preach?" "Certainly,
my son," was tho reply. "Then, why do
you scratch It out?" queried tho little
Tommy, aged 4, had been tnken with
a slight attack of prevarication and his
father, wiHhlng to Impress upon his In
fautlle mind tho Bin he had commit
ted, related tho story of George Wash
ington and tho cherry tree, concluding
with the remnrk that little Georgo was
a good boy and never told a lie. Tommy
sat in deep thought for a few momenta
nnd then paid: "Say, pa, toodn't 'IttU
George talk?"
A Flylnff Maohlno.
The steam-propelled aeroplane of
Messrs. V. Tatln and Charles Hlnhct has1
a very light silk-covered wood frame,
to which are attached by steel wires two
similarly constructed fixed wings and a
tall. A steam engine drives two Borow
propcllors dno at each end rotating
In opposite directions. An experimental
npparatUB recently tested had about
fourteen and a half square yards of
wing surface, weighed about seventy
threo pounds, Including water and coal
for'a flight of three miles, and developed
a speed of twenty yards a secdrid, the'
size nnd speed being considerably more'
than those of Lnngloy's aerodrome. The1
longest flight thus far has been about
150 yards, the machine having a tend
ency In Its present stage to take head
ers. The Btart Is made on a car roll
ing down an Incline plane eighty-two
yards long, at tho end of which the
aeroplane Is automatically released for
free flight.
Cork Pavomont.
A now cork pavement Is favorably re
garded by the municipal authorities In
eeveral cities. It Is noiseless and soft to
the tread, but at tho same time durable.
It Is a variety of asphalt paving, in
which cork Ib substituted for the sand
of the ordinary kind, preventing slip
perlncss and deadening to a great
er degree the vibrations from passing
vehicles. Snow does not freeze to It,
nnd an It Is non-absorbent, Its sanitary
qualities seem much superior to tlnse
of wood pavementa. It is said to "stand"
on heavy grades upon which the ordi
nary asphalt pavement cannot bo used
at all, and Btlll nfford a perfectly safe
footing. For schools and hospitals It
would seem to be the Ideal pavement,
cspeelnlly for court yards, play grounds
nnd streets around the building. For
these purposes the nolselessness and
clcnnllness of the new pavement glvo It
marked advantages.
Gorms Killed by Heat.
In view of the destructive effect ol
sunlight, especially of the blue to the
ultra violet rays, upon bacteria In win
ter. Prof. H. Marshall Ward would ex
plain the comparative freedom of river
waters under the blazing hot Bummei
turn from bacteria, as against tho more
abundant Infection of the same waters
In winter. Pasteur and Miguel found
that the germs floating In the air are,
for the most part, dead killed, the au
thor holds, by the sun. Yeasts which
normnlly vegetate on the exterior ol
ripening grapes, are destroyed, accord
ing to Marttnaud, If the heat be very
Intense, and Gulntl hns observed that
the Ingres sof Bunllght hinders acetic
fermentation. When the typhoid ba
cillus falls fnto turbid, dirty water In
summer It finds a congenial propagat
ing place. The dirt furnishes It food,
nbsorbs heat to Increase tho warmth
and keeps off the hostile blue nnd violet
Automatic Pnckngo Packer.
An Improved packer is In tho market
for the packing of small quantities ol
self-raising end Graham flour, all klndi
of ereal foods and pulverized, granular
and fibrous substances. The packages
for which this machine Is available are
one-eighth pound, one-fourth pound,
one-hnlf pound, three-fourths pound
nnd from one pound up to sixteen
pounds. Wrappers of any shnpo or ma
terial can be used, and the work Is done
evenly, accurately and rapidly. A
skilled operator will turn out as many
as 4,000 packages in a day. This is an
ordinary day's work where a medium
sized package Is used. The machine Is
compactly built, takes but little power
has almost noiseless gears, and Is easy
to operate, ts automatic friction clutch
pulley Is simply constructed, has no
frail parts to get out of order, and can
be operated by hand or foot.
Chicago Tribune: "Whnt do you call
It, uncle?" asked a scoffing youth In
the crowd.
"That Is a lantern," answered Di
ogenes, peering restlessly around with
his dim old eyes, in his vain quest.
"A lantern!" rejoined the scoffing
youth striking a match In order the
better to Inspect It. "T'row It away, un
cle, an' get a good 'un. Honest men
ain't thick enough around here to be
scared up wit' a 4-cent glim from a
department store."
1 . 1 1 1 ' m m m 11
In the Church of England 350 of the
clergy arc Jews or the sons of Jews,
and In Great Britain moro than 350 of
the Christian ministers are Hebrew
A movement has been started in
London to. erect a monument to' Rev
A. M. Toplady, the author of the hymn,
"Rock of Ages, Cleft for Me."