Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190?, August 07, 1896, Image 3
v h T A EAILROAD HORROR. FIFTY KILLED AND AS WOUNDED. MANY A Crowded Kxcunlon Trnln Ilun tha Heading KxproKn Tlio Into by KxpreM Flows Clear Tlirouch tho Excurilon Trnln nnil Victim nro Strewn In Every Direction. A Ilorrllila Collision. Atlantic City, N. J., Aug 1. A railroad accident, horrible in its de tails and sickening In its results, occurred last evening just outsido of this cltv. aud ns a result about 100 'persons are cither killed or injured. Tho Reading railroad express, which left Philadelphia at 5:10 o'clock for Atlantic City, crashed iuto a Pennsyl vania railroad excursion train at tha second signal tower, about four miles out from here. Tho Pennsylvania train was returning tollridgcton with" a party of excursionists from that ulaco, Mlllvillo and neighboring towns. It was loaded with passen gers, and a rough estimate of tho klllod aud injured at alato hour, pi aces the number at 100. It is hoped that this is an exaggeration, but the num ber is undoubtedly moro than fifty. At tho second signal tower the tracltB of the two roads diagonally cross. Tho Heading train was given tho Elgnal, but it either failed to work or the speed of tho express was too groat to bo checked in time. It caught tho excursion train broadside and ploughed through, Htorally cleaving it in twain. Tho cnglno of the Reading train was shattered to pieces. Every car was jammed to Its fullest capacity. As soon as the news reached Atlantic City, the utmost consternation pre vailed, but the autnoritics were equal to the emergency. Relief trains wcro dispatched to the scene, loaded with cots and bearing staffs of surgeons. As quickly as tho bodies were re covered they wero carried iuto tho local hospitals und undertakers' shops. A general lira alarm was sounded and tho department promptly responded and aided in tho heart rending work of digging for the victims. Fear grow into despair and horror as tho vigor ous work of the relief gangs revealed tho awful extent of the disaster. Tho first Reading relief train boro into this city twenty-seven mangled corpses, men, women and children. Tho next tialn, not an hour later, carried tHteeu of the maimed and wounded, and two of these died snon after rerching tho city. As train after train plyed to the scone of tho wreck and came back with its ghastly load, the sanitarium which does duty as tho city hospital quickly found Its capacity overtaxed. Meanwhile, others of the dead and injured wero being carried to the private hospital at Ocean and Pacilic avenues. Tho excursion train was mado up of fifteen cars, tho foremost of which was a baggage car. This and tho next two coaches caught tho full force of the crush, and wero utterly demolished. What remained of tho third car was tumbled into a ditch at the roadside. Superintendent I. N. Sweigard of the Philadelphia & Reading Company placos the number doad at thirty sovon and tho injured at about the samo number. Ilu sent a telegram to Philadelphia which said: "Thero wero thirty-s?von persons killed, as follows: Twelve women, twenty-ono men, two boys and two girls. About tho samo number injured.'1 Mrs. Edward Farr, wife of tho Reading engineer who was killed, when informed of her husband's tragic ond, throw up her hands with a frantic shriek and fell dead at the feet of her Informant. William Thurlow, telegraph oper ator in tho tower house, was arrested and held, pending an inquiry. It is said that the Reading signal was displayed, and that tho whistle of tho train was sounded. Tho Read ing has tho right of way at the cross ing. Tho excursion train boro fivo tribes tho Order of Red Men, tho Brlrteton, the Niagara, tho Ahwantonah and the Cohunsick, with their wives and children. SIMPSON RESENTED. rho Ex-Congressman Aronsod by a Qos alper'a TulU of Hoodllng. Wichita, Kan., Aug 1. Yesterday afternoon County Attorney John Davis aud a party of friends wero com ing Into Wichita on a train when Davis said: "1 sco Jerry Simpson is accused df receiving boodle for favor ing tho nomination of Watson at St. Louis." Simpson sat a scat in front of tho party, but his hair was cut and ho wore a new straw hat, and they did not recognize- him. lie jumppd to his feet and confronting tho speaker, de manded to know who made such an accusation. Davis said that the Globo-Demoerat did so directly and tho Wichita Ilea con indirectly aud retorted that ho wouldn't "put it past him." "If you wero outsido of this car you never would say that," was Jerry's Juot answer. Attorney l'lke'a Ilevengo. St. Joseph, Mo., Aug 1. Attorney "Vinton Piko yesterday brought suit for 8' ''.OOO damages ugalnst Dr. Rar ton Pitts, The buit grows out of tho assault mado by the doctor on Mr. Pike In his office on July 17. Fivo at torneys appear in petition as counsel for the plaintiff. The case will be on the docket for the September term of court The criminal cases against tho doctor, for which ho is now under bond, will come up ut the Novomber term of the criminal court. Treacher Jtobltod of 81,600. Topeka, Kan., Aug 1. Tho Rev. John Constantino, an Armenian preacher who is raising funds in this country for his people, was held up by two colored men and a woman in Smoky Row, a tough quarter of this city, at a late hour last night, and robbed of 81, C00 In gold. Constantino had been to a missionary meeting and was on his way to his boarding house when the robbery was committed. Ho became greatly excited and forgot his English, and tho robbers had time to got out of tho country before he could mako tho police understand his predicament. CARLISLE'S OPINION. Bays tho Government Would Not no Ilnek of Hllror Under Free Colnnce. Litti.k Roar, Ark., Aug 1. A state ment was widely published by tho press a fow do.vs ago that President U. L. Qrocn of tho Connecticut Llfo lusuranco Company of Hartford, had issued a circular lotter to policy hold ers notifying them that in tho ovent that tho government adopted tho froo coinage of silver tho com pany would be compelled to pay all claims in depreciated silver coin. Mr. F. W. Alsop of this city Ront a clip ping of this statement to Secretary of tho Treasury Carlisle, with a request for an expression on the subject, llo has recolvod a reply from Mr. Car llslo, which Is, in part, as follows: "In case free coluago of sll vor should bo established in this country, I pro Bumo lnsuranco companies and all other institutions would continue to mako thoir paymonts by checks and drafts on bnuks as herotofore; but in my opinion tho whole volumo of our curroncy would sink at onco to tho silver basis, and thoso chocks and drafts would bo paid In silver dollars or their equivalent, instead of gold or Its equivalent, aa is now tho caso. "I presumo no ono supposes for a moment that it would bo tho duty of tho governmont to attempt to koop tho standard silver dollar, coined freo for private individuals and corporations equal in value to n gold dollar; or, in other words, that it would bo tho duty of tho government to attempt, under a system of free coinao, to main tain tho parity of the two metals. Tho dollars would bo coined on privato account and delivered to privato indi viduals and corporations as their own property, the government having no interest whatever in them, and being, therpforo, under no obligation to sus tain them by guaranteeing thoir value. "Under our existing system, all bII vor dollars aro coined on account of the government and aro issued by tho government in payment of its expend itures and other obligations, and it would be an act of bad faith, thoro fore, to permit them to donreciato. Very truly, John O. Carlisle." CLOUDBURST IN OHIO. Two Hundred l'oriioin Itendered Home less by a Torrent of Water. Stuehknvillk, Ohio, Aug i. A severe storm, like a cloud burst, oc curred west of this city yesterday afternoon about 4 o'clock aud within a period of thirty minutes a mighty torrent of water had spread desola tion along both Parmar's and Fisher's runs in the lower part of this city. No lives wero lost, as there wero per sons alonir tho creelts who saw tho water coming down the valley, and ran from house to house warning tho people. Everybody iled, many wad ing knee deop in water from their liouso to the hills which line both sides, Two hundred people aro home less as a result of the flood. Tho damage will aggregate all of S200.000. Mr. Sowull Will Not Ilcalgn- Hath, Me., Aug 1. Arthur Sowall, Democratic nomlueo for Vice Presi dent, was Interviewed as to tho story that ho intended to resign in favor of Mr. Watson, llo said: "Any man who for a moment entertains such an Idea is not worthy of an answer. I do not know whether Byran will retain a place on the Populist, ticket. Ho will come to Rath with Mrs. Rryan di rectly after the notitlcatlon, which will take placo in New York. They will mako their headquarters at my house while in Maine." A llurglar Shot at Umporia. Kin. Empoma, Ran., Aug 1. A score of burglaries have been committed here tho last fortnight. Tuesday night two of tho perpetrators entered tho bedroom of Captain J. D. Morris, who shot tho first. "Oh, God, Jack, I'm shot," said tho burglar to his com panion, and they retreated, Captain Morris shooting at them as they went. Yesterday morning their course was traced sevoral blocks by blood and then lost. Topeka to Hitvo Another Dally. Topeka, Kun., Aug 1. It is not unlikoly that To pole a will have an other afternoon Republican paper. The State Journal is not supporting tho National Republican ticket, and a delegation of local Republicans, headed by Oscar Swayze, aro circulat ing a petition to Arthur Capper, editor ot the Mail and Breeze, an orthodox Republican woekly, to get out a daily, tho signers pledging their support yueen tirtnriit my Kutire. London, July 31. Tho rumor that Queen Victoria intends to retire in favor of tho Princo of Wales Is cur rent again to-day und it is added that court circles are troubled about the queen's houlth. The queen has de cided, it is said, to spend her time hereafter at Ralmoral or Osborne and to give the Prince and Princess of Wales tho use of Buckingham palace and Windsor castle. Fired cm l'roin Ainuuih. Littlk Rock, Ark., July 31. Luoas Johnson and his wife, colored, wbfto on tha public road near Augusta, Ark., woro fired upon from atubuSh, the woman being instantly killed and the man fatully wounded. Another negro, with whom Johnson had had trouble, has been arrested on sus picion. A Kansas Murderer Caught. Four Scott, Kan., Aug 1. John Jackson, who deliberately murdered John Smith at Yale, Kan., about a year ugo, was caught to-day at War rior, Ala., aud Sheriff Deets of Craw ford county left for that place to get kirn. General Manager Frcy IlolU. Topkka. Kan., Aug 1. J. J. Frey, general manager of tho Atchison, To peka & Santa Fe railroad system, a life long Democrat, has bolted tho Chicago tickot and will vote for tho gold standard this fall. lie said to dap: "I lwvo no hesitancy in saying that I am not in favor of the free sil ver idea. I don't think it would bo best for tho country. I have been a Democrat all my life and have always votod tho Democratic ticket and I am sorry I can't stay with the party this fall. This would bo impossible, how ever, holding tho ideas I do." AS TO THE REVENUE. INCREASTD RECEIPTSTHE LAST FISCAL YEAR. Aggregate Itocolpts Aro 81 in, RHO, 01 C, nu Inert-nun of 8n,iR4,IStS7 ter Thoso of tlio l'recedlng HlRgent Ycnr Lar gest Itrnt of Inerenan AVnn In Fruit Spirit Olro Tax In Loss. Internal HcTcuua trrelpt. WAbhinoton, July 31. Tho com missioner of internal rovemio has sub mitted to Secretary Carhtlo a prelim inary report of tho operations of his bureau during tho fiscal year ended Juno 30. It shows that the rccolpts aggregated SHO,83o,61 an incroaao of 83.8s 1,637 bvor thoso of the preceding fiscal year. Tho cxponsos approx imated C4.Ol4.35l ond tho percontago of cost of collection was about S'.. 70, a reduction of oightcen conts as com rtred with tho preceding fiscal year. From spirits tho rccolpts woro 880, 070,070, an lncreaso of 8807,443. Tho largest item of lncreaso wis from fruit spirits, tho receipts of 81,084,879 bolng 848S.80J in excess of last year's. Retail liquor taxos wero increased 8231,100, rectifiers' taxes, S40.4S8, and tho wholesale liquor dealers' special taxes, 840,243. Tho only decreosos noted woro trilling. Tobacco brought iri a revenue of 830,711,0'J0 or 81.OC0.72l moro than In tho proceeding year. Thoro was a general lncreaso in all tho items under this head, tho largest being in cigar ettes under threo pounds per 1,000 of which tho rccolpts wero 82,021,105 or 8357,493 moro than in tho prcccodlng year. Chewing and smoking tobacco brought in 815,250,023, 8323,340 moro than in tho prececdlngyear; cigars and cheroots over three pounds per 1,000 812,713,207, an increase of 8221,800, snuff, 876a,01o, an increase of 810.5,027. From fermented liquors there was derived taxes aggregating 833,781,235, or S2.U3.0l7 moro than during tho preceding year. .Ale, beers aud sim ilar liquors brought In 833,185,141, an lncreaso of 82,004,820. There was a falling off of 8180.778 in tho taxes realized from oleomarga rine, the rovenuo from which amount ed to Si, 210,43;. Tho decrease was general in all tho items under this head, tho largest Hem being 8l!2,8l7 In the direct tux on oleomargarine, while retail dealers' taxes shrunk 857,215 und wholesale dealers' taxes 820.C20. ) Tho miscellaneous receipts do creased S182.000 during the year, tho largest Item bolng Sl'-i'.fHS in the rc colpts from playing cards, which wero only 5'.'ou,BU3. During tho past year 07,039,010 gal lons of spirits distilled from other materials than" fruit were withdrawn for consumption, a decrease of 7.143, 179 gallons as compared with tho pre ceding yoar. Cigarettes to tho num ber of 4,012,301,010 wero drawn out, 7M,p37,8f)0 moro than wo consumed during tho preceding year. Tlio num ber of oijrars and cheroots withdrawn were 4,'j37,7o5,043, nn increase of 73, 783,633. Chewing and smoking to bacco was taken out to tho amount of 251.007,137 pounds, an increase of 5,397,490 pounds. Illinois returned more internal rev enue taxes than any other state, tho total collections there being 831,073, 133. New York camo next with 8-1,-02o.4;0, Kentucky third with SH.'JO.V 110, Ohio and Pennsylvania closo together with SU,94;,724 and 311,145, 543 respectively. Indiana had 87,0J3, 164. Missonrl 80,059,015, Marvland 85,0GS,5U:. and Wisconsin 85,122,077. None of tho remaining states reached tho fi million mn-V WATSON VS. SEWALL. The Populist Vice I'ronldontlal Nominee Declare Illimelf In Hit I'npor. Atlanta, Ua., July 31. Tho Hon. Thomas E. Watson is out in a strong editorial in his papor stating his grounds for accepting tho nomination for vice president from the Populist national convention. Ho refors to Mr. Sowall as an individual ol stand ing and a free silver Democrat, but adopts tho argumeut elaborated on at St. Louis, that the nomination of a Populist for second placo was neces sary to prescrvo the autonomy of tho Populist organization, especially in the bo nth. Tho editorial is accepted not only as a letter of acceptance, but also an official ultimatum that propositions for withdrawal will not be considered by Mr. Watson or tho Populists, and that the easo now rests with Mr. Bewail It virtually demands tho withdrawal of the Democratic candidate for Vice President. Throughout tho editorial insinun 'ons aro made, und where it seems to analyze the situation it de velops tho fact that Mr. Watson is making a strong demand for his imme diate recognition as ltryan's ruuuiug mate. ELOPED WITH AN INDIAN. Heventeen'Yunr-Old Mlmoiirl Girl Itun Away With Hnlrlireed. WAHHEXsnuua, Mo., July 31. Kittle Sykes, tho 17-year-old daughter of James Sykes, a prominent farmer liv ing north of Warrcnsburg, eloped last night with Wiso Ward, a half-breed Chickasaw Indian. Some weeks ugo a family named Ward, consisting of husband audwifo, daughter and three sons, arrived in Warronsburg and camped just north of town. Tho old lady is a full-blood Chickasaw, und claimed to bu a fortune toller and Indian doctor. Sho plied her trade successfully, but the rest of the fami ly wero worthless. Wise Ward, one of the young men, made love to Kittle Sykes, with such buccess, that he finally induced her to leave u good home and go with him. l'reparlng for Kama l'opullati. Aiulenk, Kan., July 31. A largo warehouse has been remodeled as a wigwam for tho Populist Stato con vention next week. It will neat 2,000 people. Sleeping arrangements have been made for 1,800 and churches will feed the crowds. A largo number of delegates are expected to come in wagons and camp out in groves near the town. T. M. Patterson of Colo rado will bo the principal orator of tho occasion. The Freo Silver party is arranging for a demonstration tho Light before tho convention in the in terest of Ed Little's candidacy for Congressman-at-large. THE ALABAMA ELECTION. 1'opull-U Mending the Ulot Act tn ttie Democrat. ItntMi.vniiAM, Ala.,. July 3i. General James II. Weaver of Iowa was In con ference much of yostorday with tho Populist leaders with reference to the State ek-clloti to bo held next Mon day. It was agreed that if a fair elec tion is hud, the Populist-Republican fusion State ticket will win, and It was decided to glvo tho Democratic managers to understand that unless uu absolutely fulr election Is had tho Populists In this State will not support llryuu In November, but will fuse with tho Republicans aud cast thoir ballots for MclCinlcy in order to rebuko, ns thoy say, dishonest elec tion mothods. General Weavor tola graphed National Chairman Jones of tho Democratic committee to come hero at onco and usu his efforts to sco fair play for the Goodwin tickot, In order to hold tho Alabama Populists in lino for llryan. Populist leaders con fidently expect that Senator Jones will come. They assert that whllo tho succoss of silver is greatly to ho desired, honest elections must first bu had. In tho evont that tho Populists aro satisfied with tho result Monday, thoy will then demand tho removal from tho state Democratic elector ticket of tho several gold stundurd electors ns tho further prico of Popu list support of that ticket Mean while General Weaver says ho will also direct his efforts to directing tho election of sliver men, in order to in sure tho choice of a silver senator. Some very interesting developments aro looked for during tho next fow days, and tho outcomo is bound to have an important bearing upon tho Populists in tho stato toward tho llryuu ticket. COLORADO REPUBLICANS. State Central Cominltteo Declare for tho Itcpnbllcaii Nominee. DENVKn, Col., July 31. Uy a voto of 43 to 3S tho Republican state cen tral comraittco adopted tho following resolution: "Resolved, That it Is the sense of this meeting that this cominltteo shall tako such stops as aro necessary to placo boforo the pooplo of tho state of Colorado for thoir suffrages in No vember a straight Republican ticket, headed by Republican electors who will east their votes, if opportunity offers, for Mckinley and Hobart." The meeting of tho cominltteo was tn many respects tho most exciting that body has evc held. Tho committee at a night session decided to hold tho statu convention ut Colorado Springs on September 30. After tho meeting of the committee, tho llryan fuctlou circulated a peti tion for u call tor another mooting. They claim that a majority of tho ac tual members of tho stato central committee aro witlt thorn and that tho meeting was packed, alleging that of tho atl delegates represented 1(1 wcro by proxy in tho hands of Denver and Colorado Springs politicians. Tlio llryan mon further allego that it is the plan of tho MoKinluy men to nominate Senator Woleott for gov ernor. A BREAK FOR LIBERTY. Thirty Leavenworth 1'rUonerj Attempt to Kacnpo and Thruo Aro Shot. LnAVEAWOKTH, Kan., July 30. Whllo a gang of thirty prisoners from the United States ppnltcntlary at Fort Leavenworth wore being worked on tl.o prison farm last evening, a mutiny broke out among them. At a signal from Georgo East.au Indian Territory desperado, tho men broko for a corn field. The guards commencod firing with shotguns, and all tho prisoners but threo surrendered. Eastwasshot six times before he nave up. Ho was fatally wounded. Sam Mills and S. Dovo "were also badly, but not fatally, wounded before thoy wero run down. When tho bloody prisoners were run into the pen yard, where 200 convicts wero breaking rock, thero was an ugly demonstration and a second at tempt at mutiny. Tho guards woro about to fire Into the convicts, when Wormian French appeared, and, by coolness und firmuoss, quieted every thing down. The wounded men wero placed in the Fort Leavenworth hos pital. COLONEL BURNES DEAD. St. Joicph'H Pnsgpi Away St. Joseph, Well-Known Financier -III for Several 'Weeks. Mo., July 31. Colonel Calyin Fletcher Durnes, president of the National Hank of St. Joseph, and ono of the leading financiers of the stato, died at his suburban homo, Ayr Lawn, at 4:10 yesterday afternoon after an illness of threo weeks. He was stricken with dysentery at that tune, and a fow day's ago was able to be about, but a relapse occurred which terminated fatally. Co'onel Uurnes loaves a wife and ono daughter. Prior to tho death of his brother, D. D. Humes, ho and James N. Humes foruieu a compact whereby all proporty was to be held in common aud till children of tho brothers wore to bo provided for equally. At present the Humes es tate, as it is known, Is worth 85.C00.000. A Striker Jlut Han?. San Fha.mcisco, July 3:. S. D. Wor den, the railroad striker charged with wrecking tho railway brldgo near Sac ramento two years ago and thereby causing the death of Englneor Clark and threo United States soldiers, must hang. Tho supreme court yesterday handed down a decision in which it affirmed the judgment of tho superior court, where Worden was convicted of murder in the first degree and sen tenced to hang. Gorman Will Advli Ione l'rlvutely. Washington, July 2'.. Senator Oor man has agreed to glvo to Senator Jones the benefit ot his counsel and advice. Ho docs not, however, it is understood, desire any ofllclal con nection with thecommlttoe, but it tho headquarters ure located hero ho will bo constantly in close touch with tho work as It progresses. flllUutturt Acn IVarnod. Wabhinoton, July 31. Tho Presi dent has issued a proclamation dated July 27 again commanding cltisons to observe neutrality towards Cuba. DAIRY AND POULTRY. INTERESTING) CHAPTERS FOR OUR RURAL READERS. How Kurroful Tanner Operate TliW Department of the Farm A Few Hint tn the Cure of Lira Stock and Poultry. RAUD can nlwnvfl ( find defondors, pro 7 yided it is a fraud that makes nionoy for Its manipula tors and has a financial standing in tho world. So far as dairy fratidB arc con cernod, Domo of tho great dally papers aro al wnyn ready to defend thorn, going to great lengths in thoir misstatements. Horo Is a snmplo, Utltoit from a Chicago paper of roccnt dato: "Tho recently onnctcd fllled-chccBO bill hns practically killed that indtiBtry In Illinois. Yesterday Thomas Q. Eng lish, a donutv. reported to Collector W. J. Mlzo of tho lntornnl-rovonuo of fice tho result of his months'a exam ination and Investigation of tlio busi ness, and fully confirms Tho Record h statement regarding tho effect of tlio legislation roferred to. Ho was un ablo to find a single ono of tho 130 manufacturers In the district who In tended to manufacture under tho law. All agreed that its terms woro prohibi tory. Tho fllled-chccBO industry nlong the Fox river nnd tho adjacent dairy sections of tho state had grown to largo proportions. Last ycar'B busi ness aggregated $1,000,000. 'It is prob nhle,' Bald Mr. English in his report, 'that somo few of tho manufacturers may continue for tho export trade. Tho business in tho United Stutcs is prac tically killed, according to tho opin ions of tho manufacturers.' Filled cheese is said not to bo a deleterious article. It Is mado principally from tho curds of skimmed and unskimmed milk. Tho greater proportion is mado of unskimmed milk, and tho artlclo Is Improved by tho addition of mixing with butter, making the chceso about half milk and half cream. Tno mw enumerates butter as an artlclo of fill ing and shuts out futuro mixing, plac ing n prohibitory tax upon both manu facturer and dealor. Last year tho fac tories mado 14,000,000 pounds of filled cheese, ot which amount 3,000,000 pounds wcro exported." From reading tho above it Is evident that tho reporter that wroto it 1b sim ply densely Ignorant ot the subject lie presumes to handle. Ho makes filled cheese n bettor article than full cream, for a full-cream cheese, Wisconsin standard, contains only 30 per cent of butter fat, nnd this filled cheeso is made to contain DO per cent. No writer on an agricultural paper would havo tho cftontery to go boforo th public with statements disproved be forehand by Irrefutable proofs. Re peated analyses by the governmont ex periment stations demonstrate the faot that the profit In filled cheeso lies sole ly in substituting hog fats and neutral 3ll3 of a cheap grade for tho moro valu able butter-fat. Bolow aro two ana lyses published by tlio Michigan ex periment station under dato of May 29 189G, and Edit out in llulletln 0 ot the Dairy and Food commission report of Michigan: Sample No. 90, filled checfle. Water 35.4S Solids not fat 35.39 Uuttcr fat 1.73 Other fats 27.40 Sample 495, filled cheese. Water 38.03 Bolids, not fat 31.4:3 Butter fat l.b'l Other fats 28.CT. The writer In tho extract quoted sayu that "the greater proportion Is made of unskimmed milk." in other word, tho cheese Is really double full cream cheese. Perhaps tho guileless youth will explain how tho manufacturer of this fancy product can afford to put 13 cents worth of butter-fat Into every pound of cheese aud sell tho complete article at less than C cents a pound Cooked Food for Poultry. I am well aware of the fact that cook ing food for poultry Is considered a wnsto ot time. The experiment sta tions, too, do not seem to encourage us In that direction. They say that there .8 as much digestiblo matter In un cooked food as In cooked food, nnd therefore seem to Intimate that it will not pay to cook It. I was for awhile In clined to tako that view of the matter, but In the course of tlmo I was driven to cooking in self defense. I will nd mlt that the birds do not get any moro from the same food or any quicker, but I will not admit that It does not pay to cook It. My great reason for following this course Is to preserve the health of my fowls. I used to lose a great many birds from Indigestion. Every winter, and especially every spring, some ot them would get sick with simple Indi gestion. I could save some of them and somo of them I could not save. Most that got Blck ultimately died. Now I do not have any getting sick from this cause. I reasoned that tho indigestion was caused by too long a feeding of grain, and thus an overtaxing of the digestive organs. So for their morning fcod I havo been giving them soft food. Tho way that I cook it is this, which the readers of tho Farmers' Review will acknowledge to bo tho best method In the world. I put say half a peck ot oat meal In a four-gallon stone Jar I havo; then I put on a kettle ot water and heat It till It Is boiling all over. I do this at night for the next morning's feed. After tho water is heated I pour It into tho meal, filling it up only so as ! to mako it a thick pudding when it is cooked. I cover up the jar and let it I stand over nlcht. In the mornng the meal j8 c00ied as nicely d CQuld bc Tbo Uet ns any pud- dine could be. Tho hens and chlcKs 'J M Wm nro very fond of it, nnd tho lumps they will run oft with Just as they would with bo many worms. When I began, cooking I had much troublo for I thought I had to put it on tho flro nnd stir it. nnd you know how it will stick down. Dut all of thnt is obviated now. I thlnV that it pnys richly. When fowls run wild or havo the run ot tho farm this course is not neces sary, for tho reason that the birds havo a greater variety ot food, Buch ns worms, bugs and clover leaves. Thn they got it ground up In tho glzard and tho tax is not so great. Dut my fowls nro shut up all tho tlmo nnd havo to bo, nnd tho way I havo stated proves very satisfactory. Mary Ann. Feeding the cow. Tho Individuality ot tho cow muat bo studied. Ono cow Is inclined to milk production, G,000 to 8,000 pounds of milk. Another produces 400 pounds of butter; another In a producer of beef. To bo successful, wo must know what tendency tho cow hns, and act accordingly, Thoeo who want to mako butter should keep only tho butter cow; thoso who sell milk should not keep butter or beof cowb, otc. Don't feed too much corn for milk". Wheat bran or middlings aro tho safest and the best foods for tho cows. I would mako either of them a principal food for cows up to bIx yenrs at least. Thero aro no better foods. Pea meal is excellent. Every ton of milk Bold takes oft about $3 worth of fertility from tho fnrm. Tho butter-maker sells but llttlo fer tility. Ono or two pounds of Unseed meal a day is a good ration. Qood brewers grains aro excellent feed. Dut ensilage Is hotter than all. Tho timothy hny of commerce Is a mighty poor food, especially when Into cut It Is a poor mllk-produccr. Clover Is much better nnd ono of tho best bal anced of foods. For "clover olck" boIIb apply wood ashes or murlato qf pot ash and ground bono. II. F. Cooko. A Hen's Jteoord. It is a grand hen that will lay 180 eggs a year, says tho Poultry Koepor. Hens have dono so, but llko horses with records, thoy leavo all others bohlnd. Wo havo known four hens nil ot a small flock to lay C04 eggs In a year, or 151 each, but wo havo never found. 100 hens to nvorago over 100 eggs per hen per year. Tho reason is that in & large flock somo hens lay none at all, from various causes, whllo otherB lay more. Ono with largo flocks, after al lowing for Blck hens, bvor-fat hens, lousy hens nnd fccblo hens, will bo for tunate If ho gets nlno dozen of eggs from each hen in tho flock. True, somo of tho hens may lay twolve dozon eggs in a yoar, but "ono swallow docs not mako a summer." Hens llko variety; unless Btarved to it, thoy will roject all food not suit able, and thoy aro usually tho better Judges of what they want and need. Indiana Farmer. Keep grit, cracked oyBtcr shells and green food constantly before tho hena. Two or threo timeB a week let them have some meat scraps. Ono cent a pound Is not too much to pay for green bone as a lot of meat clings to tho bono. Farm Poultry. Milk is ono of tho best foods that can bo supplied to young poultry, and they can be given all they can eat or drink of It. Thero is no danger of their tak ing too much. Inter Stato Poultry man. Sheep Shearing In England. We havo no longer Bheep-Bhoarlng festivals as in times of yore. At tho commencement of the century tho sheep-shearings of Francis, Duko ot Bedford, and tho great Coke, afterwards Earl of Leicester, woro Important rural, gatherings, which wero attended by ag riculturists from all parts ot tho king dom. Moreover, at this period, and. up to the middle of tho present century, the sheep-shearing day on farms in general was a red-letter one. Neighbor ing farmers visited ono another on theso occasions, and their sons did most of the work of the clipping. Regular feasts wero provided and thero was much merry-making. All this has long since changed. Dands of itin erant laborers, well versed in tho art of shearing, go from farm to farm, and contract for tho clipping at a fixed rate per score or per hundred, and when this Is not dono the shepherd and or dinary laborers of tho farm have to perform the work. All kindB ot feast ing in connection with sheep-shcarlng havo vory much gone out of fashion. The custom still lingers in- populous districts, but slnco agricultural depres sion camo all but tho well-to-do havo avoided anything llko a festival. Mark Lane Express. Our l'oultry. For eggs alone, tho Leghorn is un surpassed. For eggs and table quali ties, tho American class Is ahead, and is likely to stay there. This Includes Wyandottes, P. Rocks, Black Javas and American Domlnlques. The annual production of poultry in tho United States is between ICOO.000,000 and $700, 000,000. Wo buy of other nations ?12, 000,000 worth of eggs. There is no good reason why these Imports may not stop and supply tho demand at home. It eggs can be Imported and still be fit to use, they certainly can be shipped from tho west to New York and Boston with a profit to the shipper and producer. No farm, county or state Is producing to a full extent in poultry, and there is no good reason why we may not mako the supply equal to the demand and keep our money at home. Se lected. The Calves. Dutch nnd Danish dairymen keep their own calves and feed them until largo enough for mar ket. They get no new milk, but thlB Is partly made up by adding corn meal to the skim milk as a heating and fat producing substance. It at least makes veal which brings a good price and calves at six and nine months return a, fair profit. Ex.