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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (July 24, 1896)
DAIKY AND POULTEY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
How Siiccomful Farmer Opnrato This
Department of the Farm A Few
Hint n to the Cure or Live Stock anil
HE French cham
ber of deputies haa
passed a very strin
gent measure with
a view to prevent
ing fraud In the
sale of butter, and,
In tho event of the
the bill, It seems as
If It will bo Impos
sible to palm off
oleo or any other composition as being
tho "genuine article." It Is made Illegal
for dealers In butter to keep oleo for
sale, or vice versa; the fraudulent com
positions are only sold at places es
pecially assigned by the municipality
of each town. 'Moreover, all boxes,
firkins or other packets containing oleo
must bear tho word "margarine" In
.large characters, and a full description
must bo given of the elements employ
ed In making the composition. In tho
retail trade all oleo sold must bo
placed In bags, on the outside of
which is to bo found a description of
the article, with, tho full name and ad
dress of tho vender. Full authority Is
given to Inspectors to enter butter fac
tories and shops, and tako specimens
for analysis; In the event of tho speci
mens being found pure the cost will
bo borne by tho state. The penalties
for an Infraction of tho new law will
vary from bIx days to three months'
Imprisonment, and a fine of from $20
to $1,000, while, In the event of the
same person being convicted a second
time within a year, the maximum fine
will always bo imposed. There will
also be a heavy fine Imposed on per
sons who place hindrance In the way
of tho Inspectors. Ex.
Pure Milk. It may bo stated a3 a
fact that milk as it comes from the
healthy cow Is perfectly pure. It has
by nature no unpleasant taste or smell
except an occasional result of peculiar
food, and all so objectionable get Into
the milk after It is drawn from the
udder of tho cow. They come from
tho uncleaned body of the cow herself,
or from her surroundings, the air of
tho stable, the milk vessel, or tho
clothing or person of the milker. These
troubles aro all avoidable; they are not
to bo charged to the cow, but to the
keeper. With tho exception of some
extraordinary largo milkers, or for
short periods when the yield Is the
largest, there Is no gain in milking
cows more than twice a day. Within
limits it is true that if properly done,
the oftener a cow Is milked the richer
will bo tho milk, but tho difference is
very slight, and seldom. If ever,
enough to pay for the extra labor. Ex.
Brlndlo's Causes for Thanksgiving.
A clean bed. A quiet and gentle
milker. An abundance of good food.
A stall largo enough for her to turn
around In. A stable with no cracks
or knot-holes to let in wind. A yard
wherein there are no horses or colts
to make her afraid. A dry barnyard
and sheltered spot where she can He
down and chew her cud. Water pump
ed fresh from the well and not allowed
to freeze over before sho can drink it.
An owner who looks after her general
welfare and who shows his kindly dis
position by occasionally stopping to
scratch her back a3 ho passes through
the barnyard. Ex.
died most and tho ono that I prefer ia
tho Plymouth Itock. My poultry houso
Is warm and comfortablo and 10 by 40
feot. I feed corn In tho morning with
scraps from tho table, wheat at noon
and oats at night. Wo seldom lose old
fowlB from any cause, but tho young
ones aro sometimes taken by tho va
rious atlmcntB and accidents. This
spring we had something Uko three
hundred llttlo chicks hatched and they
took a diseaso similar to diarrhoea.
Their droppings were of a reddish cast
Tho chicks would droop their wlnga
and soon die. Wo tried various roino
dlcs to no avail. They had ravenous
appetites and would cat till nearly
dead. This is my first cxperienco with
diseaso In my flock and I hopo It will
bo tho last. Can you give us a cure for
tho disease? I have always raised the
breed mentioned nnd find It good
enough and so am content to stick to
it. I got a new cock every fall, usually
keeping about ono to every twenty
hens. I think the Plymouth Hocks
aro tho best general purpose fowl for
farmers to raise. They mature early,
feather young and grow rapidly. As a
rule they aro good layers and good
mothers. Our hatch has been good.
Wo think we havo struck It this year
on how to break up a setting hen.
Make a common shipping crato made
of slats and sot it on an Incline of
about forty degrees. Then put In your
hens and they will keep trying to get
to the top of tho crato and working
thus they forgot all about sitting.
R. M. Slater.
La Orange county, Indiana.
I originally had the Brown Leghorns,
but have disposed of them, nnd now
have the barred Plymouth Rocks,
which I like better. I havo for my
fowls a frame houso with tarred paper
to keep out the cold and a cement floor.
In tho morning I feed warm food, with
chopped feed and potatoes at noon and
corn at night. Wo havo a homo mar
ket, for which we hatch early and ship
while the fowls aro young. Wo get
eggs all winter, keeping early hatched
pullets for that purpose. We have
good luck (or pluck) as to tho health of
our fowls. We sometimes use poke
root In.the drinking water and spray
the premises with carbolic acid and
coal oil. For raising the chicks we
use the old hen, the best all around
brooder I have found. We havo never
tried doctoring the fowls, as we regard
tho hatchet as tho best remedy when
any of them get sick. As to layers
and early maturity we have tried tho
single comb Brown Leghorn, Black
Spanish, White Leghorn, Buff Cochin
and some others, but the best all around
fowl we have decided to be the Ply
mouth Rock. I live In tho city and
have one and one-eighth acres of land
that I call my experimental land. I
kept a correct account of all expenses
for eleven months on two pens of
fowls, one containing sixteen single
comb Brown Leghorns and the other
nineteen B. P. R.'s. Tho eggs in that
time amounted to 2,080. Tho Barred
Plymouth Rocks laid -10S more eggs
than the Brown Leghorns and cared for
the chicks, which numbered 117. They
had hatched out 129 chicks and reared
117 and made a neat profit.
Monroe county, Indiana.
now tho exports of its produce reaches
tho Immense figures given above, in
addition to which wo havo tho vast
quantity of cotton seed meal used at
home, as well as tho cotton seed oil used
at homo and exported, tho total vnluo
of which exceeds that of tho cotton
seed meal. Certainly, wo muBt admit
that a country has vast resources
when tho offal of ono of Its staple crops
brings In a revenue of fifteen or twenty
millions of dollars. Southern Farmer.
French nnd SwIiii Cnttlo Ilitrrccl.
A lot of French cattlo were on their
way to tho United States, being about
to be shipped from tho port of Havre,
France. Tho United States consul
thero stopped tho shipment and noti
fied tho authorities that they would
not bo nllowed to enter this country,
as diseaso exists in France. Like
Btand haB been taken In regard to
Switzerland. Most Americans will up
hold tho government In this matter.
Tho fact Is that both Franco nnd
Switzerland, wishing to plcaso tho
agrarians (farmers) of their countries,
havo stopped tho import of American
cattlo, using as a. pretext tho snmo
plea that has been used in Englnnd
that there Is disease among the cattlo
In tho United States. It is a fact that
thero is more or less disease among tho
cattlo of every country, nnd If Amer
ican cattlo aro to bo excluded for that
reason there Is no objection to apply
ing the rule around.
THE GOOD OLD DAYS.
Monoy in Meat Packing. Tho Lon
don Financial News says: "A rather
curious fact was elicited at yesterday's
meeting of the Chicago Packing nnd
Provision company nnmely, thnt only
11 per cent of the share capital waB
held in England, tho balance having
been acquired by Americans. The Eng
lish company Itself carries on no busi
ness, but In 1S90 acquired all but six
shares of the Chicago company. Since
89 per cent of the English company's
shareholders nro now citizens of tho
United States, it is plain that tho
Americans have virtually bought tho
undertaking back, and the utility of a
London board Is not very clear. On tho
other hand, In view of tho steady de
cline In the dividends 15 per cent In
1891, 12Va per cent In 1892, 10 per cent
lu 1893, 8 per cent In 1S94, nnd only 4
per cent for last year It must be some
satisfaction for the remaining English
shareholders to see that American in
vestors evidently do not regard tho
company's prospects as permanently
Straw for Feed. Where straw Is cut
before It Is too ripe it is of value as
food, especially for store cattle. In
Germany It Is valued at more than half
the price of tho best hay. But to se
cure the best results in feeding straw
some material rich in albuminoids
must be fed with the straw, such ns
oil-cake, shorts, middlings or clover
hay. Tho straw alone does not con
tain enough of the albuminoids to se
cure the complete digestion of the car
bohydrates which it contains. If the
straw is fed with substances rich in
albuminoids the manure will be as
rich aB that made of hay. Prof. R. C.
For tho last twenty years I have
been actively engaged In poultry rais
ing. During that tlmo I havo handled
several of tho most prominent breeds,
but tho best fowls for all nurposes I
consider tho white Wyandottes. They
mature early, and I have had five
month old pullets lay nicely. My
poultry houses are good and warm
and tho windows In summer have wire
screens to them. The houses have wire
doors for summer use. I have plenty
of windows on the south side of the
houso for sunlight In winter. As for
markets, we have found that good
fresh eggs and good plump fowls never
havo to look up markets. Tho mar
kets come to them. I could not raise
fowls for profit unless I got a good sup
ply of eggB in winter. I never lose
fowls from disease or lice. Last year
I raised over 200 chicks, and I am sure
that I did not lose over ten or twelve,
most of them from accident. Good,
healthy stock, well cared for, will not
die. Years rgo when I had a sick
fowl I thought tho only way to save it
was to dope it, but now I depend on
glWng It the beBt of care and find that
generally saves It, but I scarcely ever
have ono ill from any cause. But if you
have a real sick fowl, the hatchet is
the best doctor. For early maturity
itnd remarkable egg production I think
the whito Wyandotte leads and I now
keep no other fowl.
Mrs. Mary E. Hall.
Huron county, Ohio.
Fourteen years ago I began to keep
ooultry and the breed that I have hau-
Cotton-Seed Meal for IInre.
Cotton-seed meal is so rich in pro
tein that It Js ono of tho best foods
with which to "balance" rations. It
has become a standard food for cattle
and sheep. Why not use It for horses
and mules? Thousands of work ani
mals Jn North Carolina can be better
and more cheaply fed If cottonseed
meal Is used for part or all tho grain.
No experiments that wo know of had
been made when we began to agitate
tho question, though some cotton-seed
meal feeding to such stock may have
been done. Two old horses were se
cured for the purpose of ascertaining
the effect of cotton-seed meal in a
ration. They were fed a good ration
for ten days, consisting of clover chaff
threshed out with crimson clover seed,
corn meal and ship-stuff. One horse
gained and one lost weight on this ra
tion, while both were kept at usual
wort. No. 1 gained 1.7 pounds dally,
and No. 2 lost .97 pound dally. Tho
ration fed during this period to both
horses Is glvan as No. I below. Dur
ing the second period both horses gain
ed weight No. 1 nt the rate of 1.0
pounds per day and No. 2, 4.1 pounds;
or, If the apparent loss In weight of
No. 2 during the first period were due
to reduced stomach contents, conse
quent on change to better than pre
vious ration, and this gain distributed
over the two periods, It would be
equivalent to l.GG pounds per day. The
dally weights show Irregularity and
falling back during the first period;
but when two pounds of cottonseed
meal had replaced two pounds of corn
meal and shipstuff of the ration In
the first period, there was an almost
regular advance In body weight. Af
ter tho first two periods tho same chaff
was continued two days and the grain
changed by reducing corn and ship
stuff one pound each and Increasing
the cottonseed meal one-halt pound.
Then, with the grain fed regularly as
thus changed, timothy hay was fed In
place of the chaff. Horse No. 1 re
fused the hay and ate only what meal
he could pick off, leaving hay, saliva
and meal in excess of the bay fed. He
was discarded after four days of this
kind of feeding. Horse No. 2 was con
tinued eight days, but did not eat the
hay well, although he nearly held his
weight. Neither horse showed any
symptoms to Indicate that the cot
tonseed meal disagreed with them,
but both objected to late-cut timothy
hay after crimson clover straw and
chaff. North Carolina Experlnent
Litter In Poultry Houses. Tho
cheapest material for making the hons
lay is litter. What tho hens require in
winter more than feed is somewhere to
scratch and something in which to
scratch. A large poultry houso with
ample room on the floor, and with a
plentiful supply of leaves or cut straw,
will bo more acceptable to the hens
than anything else. Litter Is valuable
because It makes tho hens lay, antLJ.t
makes them lay because It gives them
an opportunity to work, and thus accel
erate tho circulation of the blood, pro
moting warmth and increasing tho ap
petite. All the food that may bo given
will not promote egg production If tho
hens aro kept in idleness and given no
opportunity to scratch and enjoy them
Two Old nentletucu (let Together nnd
"Oh, yes, I played In thoso dayn.
Baseball was baseball then," and tho
old gentleman sighed over what ho re
garded ns the decadenco of tho great
national game, Bays tho Detroit Free
Press. "Now they get nlno men to
gother nnd mako a machine of them.
Tho wholo thing la nothing moro nor
less than nn animated mechanism.
Then we had a live ball and I used to
swing n hickory bat pretty nearly ns
long as a rako handle. You can Imag
ine what camo off when I mado a hit.
The crowd would hear something like
tho shriek of a shell and then tho um
pire would toss out a new ball while
I chased two or threo runs In ahead of
mo. Now, Just to Illustrate," nnd tho
retired veteran o tho diamond begun
making a diagram while his hearers
grouped about him. "Here's where wd
played at New Castle, Po., with tho
old Neshannocks. Chnrlcy Bennett
was catching. Hero runs tho Ohio
river, way up In tho rear of the
grounds, which lay open to the high
bluff which marks the bank. Now,
Bennett was doing some mighty bat
ting and a fellow from a collego nlno
was giving him n tight race. Each ono
of them rolled a ball over tho bluff
nnd I began to fenr for my laurels.
But tho third tlmo up I saw ono com
ing thnt Just suited. I settled well on
my feet, concentrated all my Btrength
for one supremo effort, swung old
hickory, and when tho ball quit going
It struck water half way across tho
river. Why, they stopped tho game to
try and tako measurements, while pro
fessional mnnngers wore offering mo
nil kinds of money. I was tho hero of
the hour, the king of batters, tho
hello, there, Judkin; delighted to sec
you. It's more than twenty yenrs "
"Yes, the last time we met was at tho
game you JiiBt described."
Tho old gentlemnn turned a llttlo
white about the mouth but rallied with
Infinite generalship. "Ycb, of course,
you were there, and it wbb n day of
miracles, for you went down to tho
river and caught a ten-pound bass that
was served that night at tho hotel."
What fisherman could resist such a
temptation with tho beautiful Ho all
framed for him?
Judkin flushed nnd inflated with
pride. Tho two Jolly rogueB went out
together. Before tho evening was
over thnt ball had been knocked nearly
a quarter of a mllo Into the country
beyond the river and that bas was fif
teen pounds strong.
Not nn n .11 in Dtimlr,
A young man in Khodo liiluhd writes
ub that ho Is going to tako in tho ureal
west this hummer nnd that this town
is on his list, providing wo think it safe
lor mm to nliow up Hero in a plug nat,
Sho paused n moment
"Tho die Is east," sho murmured.
Hastily gathering' tho most necessa
ry part or nor wururoiio into twenty-
red necktie nnd russet bIioos. If thnt! seven trunks, sho dropped them softly
is the rig hu intends to don when ho ! from tho window.
visits us, he'd better not come. This is! Then sho descended by tho rope lnd
a growing town n hpnlthy town a der and foil into tho arms of her lover,
town which is bound to boom and be- j who in tho gloom of the shrubbery lind
como a second Chicago, but It 1b no' patiently awaited her. Detroit Trlb-
tunco for .Urn Dandles not yet Hity uno.
yours henco a man can put on link cuff
buttons and ynllcr kid glovoB and stalk
up and down nnd swing1 a goldhcadcd
cane, but such n thing now well!
Pass our town by, younp man. Don't
como within fifty miles of It!
Con' CouaH llntfnni
li ttia olclrnt nmt twit. It will break up n Cold oulek.
It I always reliable. Try it.
ertb.ni a to thine eko.
Attention of tho render is called to
tho announcement of Notro Dame uni
versity in another column of thlB pa
per. This noted Institution of lonru
ing enters upon lis fifth-third year
with tlio next session, commencing
Sept 9, iSUrt. Parents and guiirdiuns
contemplating sending their boys and
young men away from homo to bcIioo!
would do well to write for particulars
to thu University of Norto lJninu Indi
ana, before making arrangements for
their education olso where. Nowhere
in this bro:id land nro thero to bo
found better facilities for cultivating
tho mind and heart than are offered tit
Notro Damo University.
Ami The PilL
C1iA wirt r. sw1 nin TT
loved her. She was hlfl wife.
The pto was good; hulwffo
mnAo it! lit n!f U. Tllil 1ir
pie disagreed with hiui, and j
lie disagreed with Ids wife. 3
Now he takes a pill after pie a
i i . i . e? j. i.i.. ...:r il
uuu is uupjij'. vJU J "" mm
The pill he takes is Aycr's.
Moral 5 Avoid dyspepsia
I Cathartic Pills.
Dairy Surprises. Ono must be pro
pared for surprises when he begins
using the Babcock. Perhaps our pet
cow will be found wanting and have to
be disposed of, and probably that ordinary-looking
cow over In the corner,
which we have never taken any par
ticular prldo In, will bo the ono which
made her share of butter and helped
out on our favorite that we never sus
pected for a moment was giving us
very small returns for food and care.
It Is a good plan to cull rather closely
and give tho feed and attention to the
ones that havo come up to your stand
ard. Mrs. M. S. King. Ex.
Correct Feeding. The main princi
ple to bo observed In feeding the milch
cow is to feed moderately. No matter
what you feed, do It In reasonable
quantities, and no sudden or radical
changes should be made, but in chang
ing feeds do it gradually and with
moderation. A sudden change from
dry food to succulent pasturage otten
cates serious disturbances of the di
gestive organs, and therefrom results
a serious loss to tho owner of the
Tho dairy laws of the various states
have accomplished far more than many
of their friends supposed they would
do. The general sale of oleomargarine,
except as Itself, has been greatly cur
tailed. This Is gratifying to all the
friends of honesty. Fraud does not al
ways keep the upper hand, though It
too often gets that position for a time.
Cotton Seed and Cotton By-Producta.
It Is now estimated that the cotton
states export to Europe cotton seed,
meal and cake to the extent of $7,000,000
to $8,000,000.-, A generation ago cotton
I seed was In the way, a useless offal;
Do Yon Know ?
Do you know that every cruelty In
flicted on an animal in killing or Just
before death poisons to a greater or
less extent Its meat?
Do you know that every cruelty In
flicted upon a cow poisons to a greater
or less extent Ub milk?
Do you know that fish killed as soon
as taken from the water by a blow
will keep longer and be better than
those permitted to die slowly?
Do you know that birds destroy mil
lions of bugs, mosquitoes and harmful
Insects; that without the birds we
could not live on the earth, and that
every little lnsect-eatlng bird you may
kill and every egg you may take from
its nest means one less bird to destroy
Do you know that a check-rein which
will not permit a horse to put his head
where he wants to when going up a
hill 1b a cruel torture to the horse?
Do you know that every kind act
you do and every kind word you speak
to a dumb animal will make not only
the animal but yourself happier not
only make you happier but also better?
Ceo. T, Angell In Our Dumb Animals.
Of the many extraordinary drinks
regularly consumed tho blood of live
horse3 may be considered the most so.
Marco Polo and Carplnl were the first
to tell tho world of the practice of tho
Tartars and Mongols opening tho vein
In their horses' necks, taking a drink
nnd closing thr wound again. As far
as can bo eeen this has been tho prac
tice from time immemorial. There Is
a wine habitually consumed In China
which Is made from the flesh of lambs
i educed to pasto with milk or bruised
Into pulp with rice and then fermented.
It Is extremely strong nnd nutritious
and powerfully stimulating to the
physical organism. Tho Laplanders
drink a great deal of smoked snow
water and one of tho national drinks
of the Tonqulnese is arrack flavored
with chickens' blood. The list would
scarcely be complete without the men
tion of absinthe, which may be called
the national spirituous drink of
France. It is a horrible compound of
alcohol, anise, coriander, fennel, worm
wood, indigo and sulphate of copper.
It is strong, nasty and a moral and
Tito Kind of Courtny.
He was immaculate as to externals,
and he was coming down Fifth avenue.
She was a charming bit of feminin
ity as New York can offer which Is
saying a great deal. Delicate, dainty,
He was smoking a cigarette that,
Judging by the smoke of It, had come
from Russia. When they met he took
his hat off lazily. Talking to her In a
tone of condescension, ho puffed tho
blue smoke out constantly, tho cigar
ette never leaving his lips.
He was standing on the corner of
Bleecker street, where tho Italians
live. He had on the coarsest clothes,
his face was grimy. In his mouth
was a dirty clay pipe.
An old woman, shabby and shaky,
came up and asked him how to get to
The minuto the man becamo awaro
the old lady was addressing him he
whipped the pipe out of his mouth.
As long as he spoke to her he held
tho clay behind him, his hand closed
over it. New York Journal.
An Acl Cunsrr.
Mrs. L. A. McGrath, of South Wood
stock, Vt., Is the owner of a singing
canary 21 years old, which has sung
all Its lifo and now, though so infirm
from age that it cannot reach its perch
or sit on it when placed there, it sits
on tho floor of the cage and pours out
the clear, sweet strains of song from
morning until night.
ilvre'n n Iteiuarkable Alan.
A horse denier In West Woodstock,
Vt., has owned 425 horses during his
life and has never told a lie about a
horse. One man who dealt with him j
was so Impressed with this remarka-
hie fact that he recently gave him a
About ln" Airruc Ac of It.
Mr. O. S. Gray, of Hampden, Geauga
county, Ohio, has a cako of Maple
sugar made In tho spring of 185G Just
forty years ago. It is as sweet and
good as ever. '
m9 UdT I TA . ..kAIlUut.
(Zft&sv V t v ;
A There is no dividing: line. "
TV M1HV ."- Ill I 11MIH1 I w
i di isr.
J DON'T FORGET for 5 cents you get almost
c ac mttrn u "R.itrT Ax" as von do of other
lu.j r in .t..
- nrviiiLj.?s KJi' in Lt:iii.
DON'T FORGET that "Battle Ax" is made of W
the best leaf grown, and the quality cannot be
t DON'T FORGET, no matter how much you
are charp-ed for a small piece of other brands,
the chew is no better than " Battle Ax."
DON'T FORGET, "Economy is wealth," and
i. -ft . f- ,.... .,T
i rrt tt r-i - w -lm irini r 4 i . 11 - uiiiii w u .
t Why pay 10 cents for other brands when you
!, can get uauic riA ikji t v-tiuo
The Bicycle of experience
A hundred dollars' worth of cer-
The "bicycle of doubt price saves
you little and costs you much
Honest Catalogue, Free at Columbia
Agencies by mall for two 2-cent stamps.
Pope Mfg Co7 Hartford, Conn
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