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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (June 19, 1896)
"VCSONO OF THE CYCLE.
HIS Is the toy, bo-
Tho magic wheel
whos hub Is
All r o ads, al-
thou git thoy
reach the world
O'er western plains
or orient dos-
This Is tho koln, fronv which each day
Such now delights, such witching
t flights, such joys
Ot bounding blood, of glad cscapo
I frdra noise
Such ventures, beggaring old Crusoo's
It Is as If some mighty necromanrcr,
At king's commnnd, to plcaso hla
Instilled such virtue In a rubber
AmUbrought It forth ns his trlumph-
For whorceoe'er Its shining spokes aro
Fair benefits spring upward from Us
t t tread,
And eyes grow bright, nud checks all
! rosy red,
Responsive to tho heart's ecstatic beat
Tliua youth and ago, alike In healthful
And mnn and maid, who And their
path& are one,
Crown this rnre product ot our ccn
, tury's "run,"
And sing tho health, the joy, tho grace
- Youth's Companion.
A PASTEL PORTRAIT.
Tho picture was charming. Thero
wan no donylng that. Frank Harwood
stood at tho window of the Bhop and
stared Jn at It, as ho had dono cvory
day for tho last week. Tho execution
of tho work was not faultless. Somo
crudities marred It, but the cnsomblo
The tact that ot a girl la tho first
fresh bloom of maidenhood looked
back at you over one mlstlly-drapcd
whlto shoulder. Tho liquid eyes wcro
taughter-llt tho slightly-parted scarlot
liM had a shy droop, there was a littlo,
round dimple In the chin, tho hair that
incite? into the soft gown and dusky
background was a wind-blown tangle
of reddish gold.
Harwood entered tho shop, shutting
out 4n whirling, snowflakcs behind
"Iajthat picture tho pastel portrait
In tSjswlndow for sale?" he Inquired.
"No? sir," ho was told.
"CAn you tell mo tho namo of tho
"I 5ft not know It, sir. Tho portrait
vas,i1ott horo aa a sample to .solicit
"You are sure It Is n portrait not
merely an ldoal head?"
"Ijlio artist said so."
"Gjve mo his namo and address,
njlt whon tho rising young barrister
had tho slip safe In' his pocket-book
audi was out again In tho white wintry
worldi'ho began to feel uncomfortably
couhqIous that In this particular ln
Htnrico, he was not acting with tho dis
cretion on which he ordinarily prided
Hopwas a trifle troubled, too, by
thc;recollectIon of a certain conversa
tion hold with hlB aunt the previous
4 THEY ONLY LAUGHED,
evening. She was the dearest old lady
if! the world" and tho most generous.
Sho had brought young H irwood up,
given him tho best procurable educa
tion, and three years ot continental
travel. But on one point, tho question of
his probable marriage, she was In
clined, he thought, to be dictatorial.
"So you refuse to meet Miss Falns
vnorth, Frank?" she had asked.
"As a suitor yes," ho had replied,
Frank felt that he must see the orig
inal of the portrait, so discretion was
thrown to tho winds, and starting on
1J. vvJ tJk
asx wci &? -kiwk
tila quest he reached a row of high, flat
faced, dreary, red brick houses. In
one of these the artist must live.
He found the number, rang the bell.
A surly woman, with a smudge ot
soot on her check opened the door.
,"Mr. Vincent Brand?" asked Har
dwood. "Third floor back," bho returned,
I'Harwcod knocked. A voice bade him
nter. He went In. Tho room was
large, bare, dreary. Some sketches
Wro tacked on the walls. An easel and
halr stood in the center cf the apart
ment. A handful of flro and a tiny
sheet-Iron stove nindo ".ho cold ot tnt
lUHlU 1IIU1U IMl IVUMICH
"Mr. Brand, I bclievo?"
Tho occupant, nn invalid with death
wrltton In his hollow nyes, on his bluo
volncd hands, bowed asnt.
"I enmo," said Harwood, declining
tho BOlItnry chair which was profforod
hlm, "about tho picture exhibited In
Morcor's window. It Is not for salo?"
"Not at n large flguro?"
Tho artist did not at onco answer.
Ho was til and very poor.
"Not at any prlco," ho said.
"You could not mnko mo a copy?"
"No, sir. The truth of tho matter Is
this: The young lady who consented
to sit for mo for that picture did bo
out of her own swcot charity. Sho to
so beautiful, and makes such n flno
study, I fancied her faco would bring
mo orders, whero ones less lovoly, oven
If admirable as a likeness, would fall. I
need not enumerate to you tho reasons
why It would bo dishonorable for mo
to abuso her kindness."
"I understand your reasons, Mr.
Brand, nnd respoct them. May I glvo
you an order for a lttc-slzod pastel
from thla photogrnph?"
Ho had fortunntoly remembered hav
ing In his pocket tho plcturo of a
nophow that morning recolvod. Tho
commission would help the poor art
ist. A light tap came to the door.
"May I come In, Vincent?" called a
Tho door opened. Frank Harwood
turned to look Into tho fnco that had
haunted him waking nnd sleeping, but
a thousand times fairer than tho
colored crayons had reproduced it.
Sho half drew back at tho sight of tho
stranger, but Brand called to nor:
"Como in, Clairo!" And then, with
youthful candor: "This gentleman was
Just asking about your portrait."
Sho bowed slightly. Sho was all In
rich furs and deep glowing velvet Tho
elegance of her nttlro puzzled Frank
"I hopo tho picture Is bringing you
"It Is, Indeed," he answered, bright
ly. "Well, it Is late. I must go. I Just
ran In to see how you wcro getting on."
Ho smothered In a fit of coughing.
"You havo tho carriage?"
"No, I nm on foot."
"I shnll bco you homo, then,' the
artist said, looking troubled. "This Is
not tho best neighborhood In tho world,
and It Is growing dark."
Tho flcrco cough shook him again.
"You shnll do nothing ot tho kind!"
she said, peremptorily.
Harwood went forward, hat In hand.
"Will you do mo tho honor of per
mitting mo to accompany you? I am
sorry I havo not a card. My namo Is
She had been listening with a some
what haughty air. Sho smiled now
with sudden friendliness.
"I shall bo glnd If you .will como
with me," alio said, simply.
On their way sho told him about
Brand, whom she had known from
"He la dying," sho said. "It Is hard
to help him; ho is bo proud!"
The house before which sho paused
was a magnificent one.
Harwood mustered courage- to ask If
ho might call.
"No," sho aald, gently; and then, as
If repenting, "I shnll bo at Brand's
studio on Friday."
Sho ran up tho steps.
Needless to say, Harwood was In
tho painter's room early on Friday
afternoon. Tho number of orders ho
gave quito overwhelmed the artist. She
camo at last, her face llko a, rose over
her dark furs.
They mot, not quite by chanco, many
tlmca, and still Frank did not learn
her name. He called her Mls3 Claire.
Ono evening when ho was leaving tho
studio with her, ho told her tho story
of how ho had first happened to como
"I fell in love witn a pnstel por
trait," ho said. "I am to-day In lovo
with tho original. But I know so littlo
of you It seems llko being In lovo with
a spirit. Arc you going to punish my
presumption, or rewnrd my daring?"
Sho Indicated her carriage that stood
nt the curb.
"Get in," sho said, smiling. "I
chanco -to bo driving your way,"
Tho vehicle stopped at his aunt's
"Do you know my aunt?" he began.
Just then his aunt camo towards
"Claire, my dear!" sho cried. "Frank,
where did you meet Miss Fainsworth?"
"FalnBworth!' ho repeated, blankly.
"You" ho reproached Claire "knew
mo all tho time!"
"Do you think I would have lot you
seo mo home that night If I did not?"
sho asked, archly.
"What In the world are you children
talking about?" Frank's aunt question
ed. They only laughed.
But there was that In tho lovely
eyes raised to his which told him ho
might plead again and not in vain.
KATE M. CLEARY.
Discovery of America.
Tho shortest line from the old worl&
to tho now is that between Cape Verde
and Brazil, and the Portuguese arc
producing strong testimony to show
that their map makers knew ot tho x
lstcnce ot Brazil as early as 1448, or
about tho tlmo Columbus was born No
ono doubts the Norse ditcovery of
America centuries before tho time of
Columbus, and the Pacific coast of
America was undoubtedly visit d by
Asiatics long before the Christltm r:u
The Portuguese claim, the latent to bo
ndvanccd, is believed by sonif of the
best geographers to be unassa .able.
DLRY AND POULTRY
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
Iloyr Successful Farmer Operato
Department of the Farm A
Illntt m to the Cure of I.lm Stock anil
HAVE BEEN En
gaged In raising
poultry over since
tho spring ot 1890.
it yv &i i
then purchased an
incubator, and from
? tvV t
that time I havo
given my entire at
tention to poultry
raising. I started
In perfectly ignor
ant of tho bulsness,
and nt tho bottom of tho ladder.
Through many experiments and losses,
successes nnd failures, I am gradually
rising to tho top. During the first three
years my main object was to find out
what breed would glvo mo tho largest
profit per fowl. In this test I had twen-ty-ono
different breeds, giving them the
samo caro and attention, and keeping
a strict book account ot each breed.
Tho breeds in this test wero: Light
Brahma, Dark Brahma, Black Cochins,
White Cochins, Partridge Cochins, Buff
Cochins, American Dominique, Silver
Spangled Hamburgs, Houdans, Black
Javas, Black Langshans, Single Comb
Brown Leghorns, Single Comb Whlto
Leghorns, Rose Comb Brown Leghorns,
Roso Comb Whlto Leghorns, Black
MinorcaB, Barred Plymouth Rocks.
Whlto Plymouth Rocks, Red Caps, Sil
ver Laced Wyandottes, and Whlto Wy
andottes. Tho balance sheet would in
variably fall In favor of tho Single Comb
Brown Leghorns. This breed Is now
my choice, and I breed them exclusively
for threo purposes'. First, the selling
of thoroughbred eggs; then tho raising
of early broilers, and last for eggs in
tho winter. Thero is In my opinion
no other breed that excels them for
cither of theso three purposes. 1 have
at present a fine flock ot birds. Theso
birds have free rnngo during tho sum
mer months, with convenient place for
roosting at night. They arc nounuu
during tho winter months In tho main
building, which Is 20x80 feet, two stories
high, containing eighteen pens 8xlG
feet. In each pen arc placed from fif
teen to twenty fowls, with no outdoor
runs. Tho feeding consists principally
of vegetables nnd grain, such as can bo
raised during tho summer, namely:
cabbages, turnips, sugar beets, potatoes,
apples, corn, wheat, rye, oats, buck
wheat and millet. I keep pounded oys
ter shells before them all tho time for
grit nnd feed green ground bone three
times a week. I consider theso essential
for tho production of. eggs. Tho mar
keting Is of very great importance, as
I do not glvo my time to tho buslnc
for tho fun there is in it but for tho
money alone. .1 market principally in
tho city of Now York. By feeding tho
variety of food nbovo mentioned and
grain fed in a litter of cut corn fodder
I keep tho egg basket full of eggs and
tho incubatorB full to their utmost
capacity ot eggs laid by my own hens,
when tho thermometer outsldo ranges
from 10 to 12 degrees below zero. Dur-t
ing tho first few years ot my experi
ence I had somo dlfllculty with dis'
eaBca, lice and predatory animals. But
after finding tho secret of cleanliness
and ot disinfectants and tho value of st
good gunshot, I have often raised from
05 to 98 per cent of the chicks hatched.
In my earlier years I tried doctoring
fowlB and found it simply time thrown
away, for if tho same tlmo wero used
in cleasing tho coops and applying dis
infectants, diseases would rarely oc
cur. By careful breeding nnd always
selecting the best laying birds and
earliest matured pullets and cockerels.
I havo at present remarkablo egg pro
ducers and early maturers, tho pullets
often laying at four months old. If any
further knowledge of my experience Is
desired it will bo cheerfully given.
Cow I'eoiln anil Feeding.
(Condensed from Farmers' Rovlew
stenographic report of Wisconsin
Thomas Convey spoke on feeds and
feeding. In substance he said: Most of
us by this tlmo realize tho necessity of
having the right kind of nn animal to
feed. In feeding ourselves wo use n
variety of food, and wo do it by in
stinct. Our animals cannot select their
food for themselves as we can, but have
to depend on us for tho variety ot food
they do get.
Somo foods, llko who'.o milk, are
nearly perfect stock food, for they con
tain all of tho elements necessary to de
velop tho animal. But In many of tho
foods fed thero is a deficiency of cer
tain elements. Tho balancing of tho
elements of the food is necessary If we
are to get the best results. At ono of
the experiment stations it took nearly
50 per cent more food to produce a cer
tain amount of gain when the food was
unbalanced than It did when the ele
ments were properly balanced.
An excess of concentrated food should
not bo fed alone to any animal, Con
densed foods should bo mixed with
bulky foods. Bulk Is a necessity in tho
food of the cud chewing nntmal.
The condition ot tho hay and fodder
affects the feeding value of thoso foods
to a very great extent. Whlle'tho loss
of dry matter may be small on account
of the deterioration In quality, the loss
In digestibility and palatabillty is very
Q. Will you give us a good balanced
ration for milk?
Mr. Convey. For the grain ration
you can make up a variety of formulas
each of which will give good resultB. In
Wisconsin we can profitably feed
ground peas and oats and wheat bran,
corn meal and corn in tho silage. The
ground peas and oats are mixed halt
and halt, and that compound fed with
w i i
an equal amount ot bran. We might
mnko ono good formula aa follows:
Two and a half pounds of corn, two and
and a half poundB of the mixed peaB
and oats, nnd flvo pounds of bran.
Q. Will typo of cow control tho ra
tion to somo cxtont?
A. Well, If you have a cow that will
not profitably use this ration, that Is,
that will turn It Into beef Instead ot
Into milk, you had bettor fatten her
and send her to tho butcher.
Q. How often do you feed per day?
A. Wo feed coarse feed three times
a day and ground feed twlco a day.
The coarso feed is fed morning, noon
Mr. Burchard said ho believed that
cowb should bo fed but twice a day, and
that there was no more reason for feed
ing them at noon than at midnight.
langshans 1'iyniouth. ltoctc Cross.
About 25 years ago I began raising
poultry on a small scale and have been
at it over since that time. For tho last
ton years I have been paying more at
tention to the business. I commenced
with Black Spanish, found them to bo
good layers but poor table fowl. Then
I took tho Brown Leghorns and kept
them twenty years. I found thom to
be good layers and good table fowls.
Then I tried tho Black Langshans and
tho Plymouth Rocks separately. Their
cross (Barred Plymouth Rock) I had
bad luck with. I shall keep tho Lang
shans nnd tho Whlto Plymouth Rocks,
their cross being tho nearest to what 1
want for marketing. Their cross suits
my customers as well as tho white Ply
mouth Rocks, and thoy nro much more
hardy. I havo a comfortablo place for
them In winter, though it is not on
tho fancy order. I havo separate
houses and yards for tho breeds I wish
to breed from. I feed the chicks on
wheat bran, middlings and cornmeal,
equal parts with a littlo bono meal
mixed In with milk, Boon to follow with
millet, wheat antl cracked corn. The
laying hens are fed soft food In the
morning, wheat or oats at noon, and
wheat or corn at night. I havo a very
fair market for both poultry and eggs,
most of mlno going to private families.
In tho winter do not get many eggs
ueiorc February. One year I lost a
good many fowls by some disease,
though very few any year by lice. I
havo lost none with lice since I kept
them Tvell supplied with coal ashes.
Last year I lost twentv nor cent frnm
hawks and skunks, moro than I have
lost irom tho same causes In all other
years put together. I have had good
success raising broods and have al
ways had a largo per cent hatch. When
I see a fowl sick I at onco separate
her from tho rest and doctor, pnnnrniiv
successfully. Wm. M. Smith.
Cream Tnulo Increasing.
Bulletin 23 of Maine Experiment Sta
tion says: It is an important feature
of our dairy business that there is a
growing demand for fresh, sweet
cream, not only for domestic use. but
for exporting to the largo cities. Dur
ing tho past year this cream trade from
Maine has considerably exceeded $150,
000 and each year finds tho demand in
creasing. It has come to be an impor
tant question how best to foster this
branch of our dairy business, and dur
ing that beuson when butter is most
abundant and cheapest for thero Is
tho greatest demand for cream during
tho summer months to find a profit
able market for this commodity and so
reduce the butter supply and at the
samo tlmo increase tho profit from the
dairy. Ono Important reason for foster
ing tho cream trade is that cream sold
to be consumed as cream is in no large
degree a rival of either milk or butter,
but enlarges the domand for dairy
products at a time when such products
are most abundant and most cheaply
Inflammation of Udder in Ewe. In.
flammation of the udder is even more
common in the ewo than in tho cow
antl that fact considering that fko lat
ter animal is used principally as a milk
ing machine, is testimony to Its fre
quency. It Is, perhaps, the more re
markable since tho ewo is not in this
country an animal In which the secre
tion Is artificially maintained beyond
its natural duration. Tho function of
lactation Is essentially Intermittent, be
ing active only during the pnrtur'lent
period, and ceasing when tho lamb no
longer requires milk, except, of course,
in thoso countriOB whero ewe's milk
cheese Is a staple article of manufac
ture. There is another peculiar fea
ture in mammitls in tho ewe as com
pared with the samo disease Jn the
cow viz., the frequency with which it
takes on the gangrenous form and ends
In sloughing of the section of the gland
attacked and death of the animal. Ex.
High Priced Stock Abroad. We are
just now in the midst of great depres
sions in beef cattle, draft and road
ster horses, and sheep breeding indus
tries, and since America is not now
importing all these lines of stock from
the old world, it would bo expected as
a result, that this class of stock would
be "flat" on tho market there as well.
Not so. The reports through tho stock
journals of the old world Bhow that tho
best specimens of tho different lines of
Btock command aa high figures as when
wo were importing millions of dollars
worth annually. Ex,
Progress ot tho Plow. The plow U
not a perfect Implement, and a reward
ot tho entire globe might safely be of-
fered for any work of art that is perfect
in all its relations. Now the plow, in
cluding the first picked stick that was
used tor seeding operations, is the old
est implement used in agriculture, and
in every advanced stop of tho industry
it has not only kept pace but has really
led In its march. Step by step In bis
growth may be read tho relative condi
tion of man from beyond the period of
the pyramids down to tho latest elec
trical plow, which is still leading in the
van of the world's onward march. Ex.
IN WOMAN'S CORNER.
INTERESTING READINO FOR
DAMES AND DAMSELS.
Current State of the Sloiles Whnt (o
Do When tho Doctor Ik "ot Nonr
Air In the Iteilroom Hint far the
T is so much nn
easior matter to ap
pear wclldressed In
summer than in
cost less and are In
finitely moro lovely,
'whilo tho fluffy,
nlry styles are moro
than the sovcro
modes of the .vln
ler. Batlsto Is In high favor for hand
some street gowns. In a costume of
this material ono always may feel per
fectly gowned, but not overdressed,
oven with silken lining, since It always
shows In gleams of color through tho
goods. Plain batiste is used for tho
body of most of theso gowns. It com
bines so beautifully with the embroid
eries and lends Itself so sweetly to the
decoration of ribbons of silk.
A fetching gown is made up of plain
batiste over a foundation of sky-blue
taffeta. The material of tho skirt is
plain and quite transparent, showing
tho color of the silk through. The bod
ice Is In blouse effect, of the plain stuff,
with a ripple attachment set in squares
of embroidery and caught to tho waist
by folds of turquolso bluo velvet. A
huge shoulder collarette of embroid
ered batiste, cut also In large squares,
is a handsome addition, with its fac
ings of turquoise bluo satin. A high
stock of blue velvet sets off the neck.
The sleeves aro full bishops, made up
of all over embroidery.
Decoration on Outlne Cowim
Severity makea but few gown3, but
to these few there Is a decided air of
distinction, perhaps by way of contrast
with their elaborate neighbor. Even
the outing gowns are more cJioratoly
decorated about the jacket, Stsfrest or
tho collar, not In an obstraslve way, but
nevertheless elaborate. Onv, a novel,
ns well ns decidedly chic costume, is
mado up of a heavy Scotch mixture in
shades ot brown and scarlet. Tho
perfectly plain and unusually wldo
skirt is lined throughout with rustling
scarlet taffeta made with i set of foot
ruffles. The ripple coat is extremely
short, aa aro most ot this season's jack
ets, and is made up ot the Scotch goods,
with widely flaring revers, showing a
broad vest of brilliant scarlet broad
cloth, bordered with a band of tan
colored canvas, and all crossed over
with strips ot gold braid, ornamented
with flat gold buttons. As a contrast la
a sovero tailor gown of snuff brown
canvas mado up over snuff brown taf
feta, glistening Uirough its coarse
Tho sweeping skirt has a foot decora
tion of thick brown ellk cords sot In a
doublo row, several Inches from the
bottom. Tho bodice is a smoothly
fitted affair, drawn closply into a bolt
of brown suede, with a buckle to match.
A pointed yoko Is simulated by rows ot
the cord, with shoulder decoratlvcs of
tho same. The full leg o' mutton
sleeves aro finished with a cord ot tho
When Doctor Is Not Near.
It is very often the caso that at Just
tho time one needs a medical man It is
Impossible to get him. A sick person
may take a chill after tho doctor has
paid his call. Warm tho patient at
once. Fill strong bottles with hot
water, placing them under tho knees,
at tho feet, under tho armpits. Give
stimulants and cover with blankets.
After ho warms up, do not sweat him,
but gradually removo tho extra cover
ing. Be sure to keep an even temper
ature In the sick room. This Is most
important at night and in the small
hours of the morning. Always havo
hot water availablo In sickness of any
kind. Anyono with the averago Intel
ligence can keep track of tho pulse,
temperature and respiration, so that in
caso offalntingB or sinking spells he
may know when to glvo stimulants. A
bottle of brandy or good whisky, a rub
ber bag for hot water, and a can of
ground mustard aro the threo first re
quisites for the family medicine closet.
Always be prepared for emergencies.
Fresh Air in tho Drdrooni.
In the daytime allow plenty of air,
light and sunshlno Into your rooms, for
even If It does Injure tho furniture and
carpets, it is not so expensive in the
long run ns a doctor's hill. Moro colds
are caught by keoplng fresh air out,
in that it makes people moro suscepti
ble to change of temperature, than are
ever caused by letting fresh air in.
Ventilation, by good management, need
not mean a draught.
Ab water collects and generates Im
purities, It Is a good thing to empty tho
washing-basin and jug yourself every
morning, so as to insure tho refilling
them with fresh. Drinking water
should be boiled, analysis having
proved that filters are not to bo trusted,
for, after having been in use for somo
time, they add to the water the danger
ous accumulations they have taken up
in previous use. To removo the insipid
taste of boiled water, pour it oack
wards and forwards from ono Jug to an
other. If primarily, your house is in ltselr
healthy as regards drainage, etc., keep
it and yourself so by letting 4n plenty
of fresh air, light and sunshine tho
three graces which are in attendance on
her majesty, Queen Hygcia.
The best method or cleaning mirrors
and windows Is to rub them with a
paste of whiting and water. When
this dries polish with dry chamois, and
remove the powder. A little alcohol in
cold water al30 gives a brilliant polish.
Soap suds should never bo used.
For a quart of good lemonade take
the Julco of three lemons, using tho
rind of one. Peel the rind very thin,
getting Just the yellow outside. Cut
this Into little pieces and put with tho
Juice and powdered sugar, of which
use two ounces to the quart, in a Jug or
jar with a cover. When tho water is
just at the tea point, pour it over tho
lemon and sugar, cover at once and let
It get cold.
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