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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (May 22, 1896)
DAIRY AND POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
How Succcifttul Farmer! Operate Thli
Department of the Farm A Few
Hints as to the Caro of Lire Stock and
Y poultry experi
ence covers about
eight jeara. 1 have
kept tho Blnglo
comb Brown Leg
horns and Buff
L e g h o r n d. My
house Is Just an or
dinary one, with
windows on tho
south side. In the
morning I usually
feed soft feed of some kind, and feed It
hot. Then I feed oats, wheat or noine
similar grain, hoed in the and, so they
will have to dig for it. Corn If fed at
night, and meat scraps once or twice a
week. Wo have never grown fowls for
market till last year, when I was able
to dispose of our last- of Juno hatch at
15 cents per pound. We have had good
success In raising chicks. Wo feed
boiled eggs onco a day till the little
ones are two weeks old, with bread
crumbs at the other meals, with corn
and oatmeal. Wo have had llttlo loss
from diseases. Wo keep our coops
clean, with plenty of lime around them.
-We have found the. Buff Leghorns very
good layers, and last year we had
cockerels that dressed two pounds at
eleven weeks old. Having seen the
experiences of many, in their success
and failures in crossing, we tried two
crosses last year. The first was a
Buff Leghorn cock on Golden Wyan
dotte hens. The chicks matured
early, and the pullets are excellent lay
ers. The second was a Buff Leghorn
cock and Light Brahma hens. The re
sult was not so favorable as in tho first
case. Tho chicks matured very slowly,
and, while tho full bloods and tho
chicks of tho first cross had plump and
very meaty breasts, these latter were
all skin and bones. I am inclined to
tbink that it pays best to breed from
standard breeds of somo kind, and for
me, nono arc so satisfactory as the Buff
B. W. Fellows.
Dliuunilnc the Cow.
(Condensed from the Farmers' Re
view stenographic report of the Michi
gan dairymen's meeting.)
Professor C. D. Smith' opened the dis
cussion on the cow. He spoke first on
tho selection of the cow. Where we
used to select a cow on the total amount
of milk she would glvo wo now pay
more attention to tho relative amount
of butter she will make. She is a good
cow if her percentage of butter fat Is
large, provided sho gives a fair amount
of milk. Tile chief attention of tho
experiment station during the past two
years has been toward this point. Is
it true that tho cows that have the
typical dairy form make butter most
profitably? Is It true that the Internal
nx s. r TTTwlWWlWMWlWlii TiTnni mmIImBB . .v
i ' .M W
V t SmflPiBtyHHb SErjVHuTfcanaB
capacity of a cow Is made manliest
by exterior signs? I am ready to as
sert that such Is the caso. Out best
cows at the station conform most close
ly to the.best dairy type. However, few
of us have time to become good judges
of external signs of internal quality, so
that most of us must buy our cows
judging them by the weight of milk
and by the test for butter fat.
Q. Can we judge by the young ani
mal what kind of a cow she will make
In the future?
A. When I picked out my wife, I
did not do it when she was a little
girl, but when she had grown up. And
the same theory holds good in picking
out a cow: you must wait till she Is
mature before you can tell definitely
what kind of a cow she will be. We
cannot predict with any certainty what
a heifer will make. There aro certain
signs, of course, slgnB that tell whether
she bos the beef type or the dairy type,
but you can not depend on the details
that may develop.
The next point was the stabling and
feeding of tho cow. A member said;
It seems to me that with land at $40
per acre we cannot afford to pasture
cows at tho rate of one cow for every
four acres of land. We had better feed
partly on the soiling plan.
Mr. Gurler. Now, I live in the corn
belt in Illinois, and there we have hart '
much trouble with tho corn root worm, i
Ho lives on corn roots exclusively. It
therefore becomes necessary for us to
rotate corn, keeping It off of certalr
fields for a few years that this worn
may be stared out. This having tr
forego tho uso of corn fully and freely
would militate against the soiling sys
tem with us.
Mr. Monrad spoke on how to milk tho
cow. Got a good dairy mnld. It would
bo a blessing for Michigan if tho girls .
did tho milking, for the men would then
have to fix up the stables and keep
them clcau. I havo seen a great many
stablc3 where one had to put on long
boots to go into them. Why do I be
Hevo that girls should milk? Because
they are gentler. My experience of six
years taught mo that to milk a cow
properly you havo got to bo on good
terms with tho cow. I onco had a white
heifer that was a beauty, but she was
wild. I kept my temper for a little over
two weeks, and she was kicking all tho
time. Then I lost my temper and used
the stool. I did not milk that cow any
rore. I sent her back to my brother
who had a good many cows and did not
need to milk them all. In fact, he only
milked ten cows to get enough milk for
But men may learn how to milk. If
when you go homo you will induce the
young men to weigh the milk right
along, you will find that it will make
a great difference in the Interest they
take in the milking. Buy good milk-
v 7r tr.T.
- ' ttVk
ers, make friends with your cows and
Mr Morse-mi havo an-. old German.
woman in my employ who does this.
She has made friends with the cows
and they like her and yield a good sup
ply of milk when she milks them. Re
cently she took a vacation, and I tried
doing the milking. I treated them
right, but the amount of milk they gave
shrank at onco and did not greatly In
crease. But when she came back they
at once yielded their accustomed
amount, of milk. I think that women
are better around cow stables than men,
if the stables are kept clean, as all
stables should be.
Q. Why will somo cows keep clean,
while other cowb standing beside them
and under like conditions will get
Mr. Helm. Nearly every cow stable
In this state Is fixed not to keep the
cows clean, but to keep them dirty
at least, that is the natural inference
of the conditions under which they are
kept. The great difficulty is that the
mangers are too low and the cow has
to back off to He down that compels
her to He down In the filth. I build
mine so that the cow can put her head
under it when sho lies down, and she
can thus lie down where sho stands,
I nail a 2x4 in front of her two fore
feet, and another 2x4 in front of her
two hind feet, and fill tho space between
the two joists with bedding. When
she lies down, she will Ho on this bed
ding and keep clean. With calves, we
do not nail down the 2x4s, but merely
lay them down against cleats, which
can be removed to Increase tho length
of the bed as tho calf grows.
Q. Aro not those 2x4s In the way
when you milk?
A. The milk pall slta on them, so
they rather help than hinder the milk
ing. Natural Starter.
In an address before the Ayrshire
Breeders' association Prof. H. W. Cown
said: "Natural starters. These arc
easily made by any butter-maker. The
method of preparing one Is simply tc
procure a few quarts of good sweel
cream from a source which Is the most
reliable for being clean and pure, and
allow this cream to stand in a warm
place until it sours. The cream thut
soured will contain many bacteria and
commonly, or at least in many cases, 11
the cream is from a reliable source the
species of bacteria which develop it
it will be the species that pro
duce pleasant flavors. Such soured
cream may then be poured intc
tho large vat of cream for a starter
and the result will be that if the startei
does have the proper kind of species the
cream will ripen more rapidly and pro
duce a better quality of butter than
when it Is allowed Itself to ripen nat
urally. Thus the natural starter slmpl
allows to grow In the cream the specie
which are already present, but if the
cream is from a good source the result!
are found In practice to be very favor-
Some IIiiDiUnmn Dculgnii Mario by the
Tho Drapery club originated In tho
ntudlo of a "smart" Now Unglnml girl,
whoso artistic designs and very unique
work brought her fame and money,
Bays nn exchange. -Tlfe handsome win
ter studio In the big city wna filled with
the summer's rnio collections from
beaches, marshes nnd rocky fern lands.
From Maine to Florida she hnd gath
ered sholls, mosses, grasses and curios.
Tho club met onco a week. After
studio clnss, office and school work was
done In tho lnrge dining room Of a
friend's house, nnd on the big square
table they laid their plana, drawings
and latest designs. A specialty wns
hanglngB for the new and protty bou
doirs or the Moorish corners", the lovely
window BcatB and corners curtnlned
away from drawing-rooms and librar
ies. Doslgns of old French work, as seen
in palaces, relics of Louts XIV, Floren
tine designs or Kensington, cloth, silk,
lace and ribbon effects, all manner of
artistic decoration In water color hnd
oils. Many orders were filled for fash
ionable homes and uptown studios, but
the very latest and most unique of all
was tho "golden net portiere." The
first one completed and hung wns in
the artist's studio. Tho device was
perfect. Between the fitting nnd work
rooms was a filmy golden and oriental
curtain, so beautiful and delicate wo
stood amazed. But it proved strong,
durable and practical. The foundation
was of fish net of tho finest mesh nnd
best quality, upon which was fastened
in rows about six inches apart each
way tho golden shells of our northern
sliores. Hundreds nnd hundreds were
sewed to tho net with linen thread, tho
exact color of the fisherman's twines.
The shells aro Binnll, transparent and
of many shades of gold, from pale
cream to deep orange. They must bo
carelessly arranged on the net, regard
less of size or tint, like stare in the sky,
of all magnitudes. A holo Is cnslly
made in each shell for the needle, with
a small awl or heated hat pin.
Unlac on Color Influence.
Balzac's curious speculations suggest
the extent to which color influences our
human life. He had noticed that a
woman who had a taste for orange or
green gowns was quarrelspme; one who
wore a yellow or black appaiel, with
out apparent cause, was not to bo trust
ed; preference for white showed a co
quette spirit; gentle and thoughtful
women prefer pink; women who regard
themselves as unfortunate prefer pearl
gray; lilac is the shade particularly af
fected by "over-ripe beauties"; where
fore, tho great author held, lilac hats
are mostly worn by mothers on their
daughter's marriage day and by women
more than 40 years old when they go
visiting. These theories are founded
upon the principles of color, as already
laid down namely, that red and yellow
oxclte; green, tempered by blue, is bil
ious; orango Is fiery; gray is cold ond
H.el.tncholy7 ilSac Is vrYrg'al shade-oJ
purple, tho most retiring color of the
scale. Popular Science NewB.
I'alnter of llnrrlfton'c l'ortrult.
J. Colin Forbes, who !s painting cx
Presldent Harrison's portrait in In
dianapolis, has for some years made
his residence in New York, where the
reputation he won with his Gladstone
portrait In 1890 has gained him many
Important commissions In portralt
palntlng. Recently he has had a studio
In the Sherwood, where he sought ref
uge after the fire that completely
burned him out in the Castle Hotel a
year ago. In that fire Mr. Forbes lost
his choicest possession, his own por
trait of his father. He is a man of me
dium height and rather slender
physique, with black hair and beard.
Winter Sunshine lu I-oiidnn.
The meteorological office states in
some new statistics that, taking tho
past twenty-five years into considera
tion, the average duration of sunshine
in London for the whole of the month of
January is only twenty-six hours.
American Amateur Photographer.
In Paris thero is a wine shop for
every three houses.
Tho queen has never set eyes on
any of her colonies, nor upon any part
of Asia, Africa or America.
A grandniece of Gen. Israel Putnam,
Mrs. Lucy L. Deckery, died at Bangor,
Me., a few days ago at the age of 89
Massachusetts is a large shoe pro
ducing state. No less than 00.500 sides
of leather are weekly cut up Into soles
During the most peaceful years the'
world has .3,700,000 soldiers. The-pay,
equipments, food and clothing of these
men cost nearly $2,500,000 a day.
Max O'Rell says that It was In the
streets of Buda-Pesth and In the drawing-rooms
of Dublin he found tho finest
and most beautiful types of woman
hood. Several Egyptian harps have been
recovered from tombs. In some the
strings are Intact, and give forth dis
tinct sounds after a silence of 3,000
Some workmen In a Gorbam, N. H.,
carpenter shop have a queer pet. It
Is a handsome butterfly, which has
stayed in the shop all winter and Is
A California gold prospector has
written a letter addresjo-l to Mayor
Pratt of St. Paul, Minn., in which he
advances the claim that gold can be
located In eastern Minnesota.
Florida lead3 the south in provision
for education, having a higher ratio c'
enrollment and ghing eighteen days
a year more schooling t'.rnc any othtr
state In that section.
A Hoc of OhrluMmi I'rlnctplP.
At Wetlncsbury ti Aog has been dis
covered whioh its fond mistress consid
ers n Christian both in principles ami
conduct, ltnccoinpunlcu her regularly
to church, never disturbed tho congre
gation, and always loft the sacred cdl
lico In a quiet and orderly manner,
obviously huvlng derived much benefit
from the service. During- the week it
behaved ns so exemplary a dop might
be vxpcclctl to do, doing tvrotif? "inten
tionally" to neither man nor benst. It
wns certainly ' an insult to expect so
enlightened an animal to wear a collar
with his owner's, name, but tho Wed
nesbury authorities mulcted the priv
ileged oh nor in costs. However, tho
possession of such n trcasuro must bo
well Worth tho money. Birmingham
Ilnll' Cuturrli Curn
Is a constitutional cure. Price, 7fic
Women In (lerirmny.
German women havo sent a potltton
to parliament protesting against somo
clauses in tho new civil code. Accord
ing to Uiis eode, n married woman, for
instance, 1ms, if no special contract has
been made, no right to dispose of her
own fortune without tho permission of
her husband. Moreover, the latter is
solely entitled to administer and to
have the usufruct of her inotidy, even
of that which sho earns. Kvery finan
cial transaction entered upon by u
woman without the knowledge and
consent of her husband can bo cancel
ed. Kxccpt in n few cases, women nro
unable to uct as guardinna Tlicy nro
also excluded from family councils,
nnd so on.
A Succennf ill Doctor.
We take pleasure in calling your at
tention to tho advertisement of Dr.
Marsh with regard to his euro for the
opium and morphine habit to bo found
in nuotlier column of this paper. The
doctor has been engaged for twenty
five yenrs in this specialty, and Is well
and favorably known for tho cures ho
had mndo of these habits. Wo take
pleasure In commending him to any
and all who need his services, hnvlng
been personally acquainted with him
for the past twenty-iivo yenrs.
A Itoumnnliin Fleet.
Roumania has upset the plans of
treaty powers to havo only two fleets
on the Black Sea by setting up a littlo
licet of its own. It contains one fast
cruiser, Kllzabeth, and fifteen bmallcr
crafts. The Roumanian Hag hns been
recognized by the Russians, who re
turned salutes when the fleot appeared
Vh o's Cure for Consumption Is tho best
of all cough cures. George W. I,otz, Knl ti
dier, La., August 20, lb'J3,
Funeral luouumcnts are exported from
this country to Australia.
The name of Crh,p!o Creek should uow
be changed to Crippfe Town.
FIT3 -AUFItmtcnpeil freeb) hr.Kllhe'Rfire.u
Avrta Kextorcr. .SiKluurtcrUiuIiri.iil:iy' un.
1rM-lmsiMir't. Treat Ito iinilC2tr.nl tot tlpfrrftt
rllciuiV, bvi.J tuDr.Kllnr.WlAicu8t.,l'lillu.,l'a.
One of Maine's curios is Murlria, a town
of 200 inhabitant? without n debt.
A Summer Itmort Hook I'rop.
Write to C S. Crane, general passen
ger and ticket agent Wabash Railroad,
St. Louis, Mo., for a summer resort
book, telling all about tho beautiful
lake region reached by tho Wabash
.XxiT States T.?.iut-- ..
A curious patent hns just been issued
to Frederick Lehner, a Swiss, for a
process of liiuktnir Imitation silk. An
ordinary cotton thread is run through
several solutions of silk substances and
nltro cellulous, the threads after treat
ment being woven into a fabric which
is much cheaper and has all the qual
ities of a good grade of silk. The
cheapness of this new fabric would
bring it within the reach of all.
Laban Everest, an Omaha inventor,
has received a patent for an electria
railway signal which is noticeable be
cause of its cheapness and in which ho
overcomes some of tho objections en
countered in so many signals. Tho in
ventor hns been enabled to sell his pat
entata good profit to a corporation
who will place the invention on tho
Peter Smith, of Cincinnati, Ohio,
has invented n bed castor which
just above the wheel has nn in
sect trap, the purpose of which is quite
M. Forsterof Berlin, Germany, gets
a patent for a smokeless gunpowder,
comprising wavy Hakes, which, it is
claimed, ignite more quickly than tlioso
of any other conformation, and so, of
course, is more valuable on that ac
count. Inventors desiring information rela
tive to tqe law of patents or how to se
cure their inventions, should address
.Sues it Co., attorneys at law and in
ventors' counsellors, Bee building,
Omaha, Nebraska, for free book on
patents and information.
A copy of any U. S. Patent, includ
ing full drawings and description will
be mailed on receipt of 10 cents,
llalf Fare Kxcumlnni la tho Watiauli,
The t-liort line to St. LouIh, and quick route
Kat or South,
Excursions to a.lroints Houth atone faro
for the round trip with &.CU added.
National Republican Convention at St
National Educational Association at
Christian Kndcavor Convention at
National People and Silver Convention at
Kt. Lou Ik.
For rates, time tab'es and further infor
mation, call ut the Wabash ticket office,
1415 Karnam Ht., Puxton Hotel block, or
writ Guo. N. Ci-attos.
N. W. Pats. Apt , Omaha, Nob.
A mil whist' o at KuTinore, Jf. Y., blows
the veuther slgnuls.
( iww ! a
, , RotMntr (o laaataly and completely
i disables the mntcles u
1 1 uui souuee no promptly
;;. ST. JACOBS OIL.
The Farmer anil Mule.
An ill tempered farmer one day had
a quarrel with his wife, lie was afraid
to assault her, because she was n new
woman nnd had studied tho nro of self
defense, so ho went to the barn and
started a quarrel with his mule. That
poor beast did not know what it was
nil about, but ho kept his eyes open.
Soon tho farmer, having worked him
self into a frenzy, npnronchcd tho mulo
from behind with a view of kicking tho
patient animal. Then tho mulo reach
ed out' his left foot, and ten seconds
later tho now woman was a widow.
Mora). Thero Is much vlrtuo In tho
first lclclt. Now York World.
The Slciilllrnnc-e of n einiy Ovrrrnnt
Upon tliotonpuo, yellowness ot tlionkln and
oyolmltK, iiiiiifion unit uneasiness bonentli
tho rltflit rllis and shoulder blade. Is that
tht'Mctlm oftlu'so discomforts Is blllloUH.
The "proper capor" under such circum
stances Is to take Ilostottor's SMotnneh Hit
lers, which also euro chills nnd fcmr. con
stipation, dyspepsia, rliuumittlu and kidney
complaints and nervousness.
PnlitenoR Is Riioh a strnln that overy one
is gimi wnen a guest poes nomo.
women always look ready to
Iletsemnn'sCmiitilinr He with Olycrrlne.
ThnoricluttlnnilniiU KVmilnc (.'urcsOlinrpmlllniiOa
titl I'm. e, Cola Sorrk, Ac. C. U. Clark Cu.,N.lln cti.Ct-
A hen in her lifetime rarely lays more
than 000 ogK.
Jf the liahy 1b eTuTrinTTTeotn.
Re mire ami uro that old nnd well-tried remedy, Mas.
trU(m'i BCKiTinxu BTlitT for Children Tocthlng.
In Arabia milk Is not measured, but is
sold by weislit.
! "Judgment!!" ' .1
mr miMM MJV A1
The umpire now decides that
"BATTLE AX" is not only
decidedly bigger in size than any
other 5 cent piece of tobacco but the
quality is the finei . - m ever saw, and
the flavor delicious. ju will never
know just how good it is until
you try it. c
The New York Journal
recently offered ten bicy
cles to the ten winners in
a guessing contest, leav
ing the choice of machine
to each. &&&&&&!&&
ALL OF THEM CHOSE
STANDARD OF THE WORLD
Nine immediately, and
one after he had looked at
others. And the Journal
bought Ten Columbias.
Paid $100 each for them.
On even terms a Columbia will he chosen
TEN times out of TEN'
POPE MANUFACTURING CO.
1656 Art Catalogue free from the Columbia
agent; by msil for two 2-cent stamps.
And The Pill:
She wa9 a good womauFltl
loved her. She was his wife!,
The pie was good; his yftfe'
uindc it; he ate it. But the
pie disagreed with lum, and a
i. .i:,...,.,.i ...:t. i.i ..-:r
Ail; umujjitu witii u uiii.
Now he takes n pill after pie
and is happy. So is his wife
The pill he takes is Aycr's.
Moral : Avoid dyspepsia
I JOHN W.1HOKRIK.
I WiiNlilnutoii. ..
Successfully ProsfjcutcB Claims.
I titol'iinolpM ICinltnlnnrU B. Pension llnronu.
I3yr it loot war, l6iUtidictttlusullui, oil ulntu.
lOOitjrlrx. Oo.k1 vnrletjruf
viH-ond-hand Carrbsmt nd
Wo(fon. NatoJy eii on
180i and lUfnajr Mf Oman
nDIIIIJJJal'ltC'iirca Hut. tnlMI. ThotiMimhi
II T I II m 'uwl. (.'lifatpwtntid bt euro. FkksTuiai.
""mtoraw. I.H.MAMU. Qolnny, Mich.
out of 1 M
llfir Jh ''
Ml n 'J
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