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About Hemingford herald. (Hemingford, Box Butte County, Neb.) 1895-190? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 16, 1895)
DAIRY AM) POULTRY.
INTERESTING CHAPTERS FOR
OUR RURAL READERS.
How tuccoMtul Iiirnior Oiiornto Tho
llrimrtmcnt of llio Kiirin A Vtvr
Jllnln n to
tlio CJnro of I.tro Stock
rop ii. l. nus-
eell or tho Wiscon
sin experiment Bta
:t!on, writing on tho
Biibjcct of pnsturlz-
.a minor ordinary
"J 'vrnnrllllrtnfi. milk In.
ItfliJ Y&' ovltnbly Buffers n
tnirrmwTrTTT iiSfe leal composition
.opUrt $ that soon renders
raP ' It unlit for human
food. Thin fermentation is com
monly called Bourlng, although
there nro mnskod under this
general name a number of other
changes. The souring of mlllc la duo
to tho action of numerous living or
ganisms that break down tho sugar In
tho milk, forming lactic acid, and tho
chango In tho chemical reaction of tho
milk results in tho formation of a hard,
If tho ontrnuco of these organisms
'that como from tho dust of tho air,
tho dirt and filth that Is dislodged from
tho animal, tho impurities that re
main In the cracko nnd Joints of tho
Vdasols that are used to hold tho milk
could bo ontlroly provonted, milk would
remain sweet for an indefinite period
of time. Scrupulous cleanliness in se
curing and handling such n perishable
article ns milk does much to keep it
in a normal condition, but oven with
tho best of care, much loss is occasioned
by tho presenco of these growing bac
terin that nro cnpablo of exerting such
a profound Infiucnco on this food prod
Tho fowls Bhown in tho Illustration
on this pago aro Sultans, bo called be-
causo thoy wero Imported Into- Europe
Not only does tho consuming public
demand thnt Its milk Btipply Bhould bo
nB freo as posslblo from foreign Im
purities, so that It will retain its keep
ing qualities for tho longest possible
time, but tho relations of milk to tho
public health, especially to tho wolfaro
of Infants and children, 1b a question
of paramount importance. Tho recogni
tion of tho fnct that consumption in
Its many phases Is" a common disease of
dnlry cattle and that tho possibility of
infection exists through the uso of milk
of tuberculous animals has done much
to awaken tho public Interest In a
closer examination of milk supplies.
Tho various epidemics of typhoid and
scarlet fevers as well ns diphtheria that
havo been traced directly to an infected
milk supply show conclusively that tho
possibility of Infection being transmit
ted by means of milk Is not to bo Ig
nored. In considering tho ways In which
It Is posslblo to render our milk sup
plies puror and moro wholesome, tho
hygienic sldo of tho question must bo
considered as well aB tho economic
In order to accomplish tho abovo pur
poses, wholly or In part, many moth
nAa nf iron I ma tit have been nncEOstod
thnt nro based upon tho action of dif
ferent physical and chemical forces.
AH of theso attempt to accomplish their
purposo by either inhibiting the growth
of or actually destroying the bacterial
llfo that inevitably gains nccoss to milk
under ordinary condilons.
Ono of tho most successful methods
of treatment has been in tho uso of heat
applied in different ways.
Tho importance of tho abovo relation
is demonstrated in a recent epidemic
of typhoid fover in Stamford, Conn.
Prof. C. A. Llndsloy, secretary of state
board of health, In a letter to the writer
under dnto of May 20. 1805, says- "In
tho town of Stamford, of about 18,000
nnrninHnn thn eases now number over
300. All theso cases are the customers
of ono milk peddler." In several in
stances where persons contracted tho
disease, thoy drank tho milk while visit
ing at tho houso of tho milkman. It
hnd been tho habit to wash tho cans
with water from a well, and It Is
thought that tho contamination of tho
milk occurred In this way,
Where do You Milk?
In mnn Instances tho cows are
milked in tho open yard in the summer,
nnd in fly time the movement of tho
cows reminds one of an animal show,
and that milking Is often attended with
damage Is not to bo gainsaid. Cows,
to make tho most of their opportuni
ties, need to bo milked in quiet, and
n larger part of the hot months somo
sort of a soiling crop must be fed .to
obtain tho best results, which means
prolonging the milk flow, and nowhere
can thl3 bo so well done and each cow
receive her due proportion, as in the
stable. It has been a matter of observa
tion with us, that n cow soon comes to
have a home, place in the stable, and
to be tied there twico a day and have
come provender, grain or forage on
hor arrival, gives her a rnnttor to look
forward to and oven long for, and in
tho afternoon the covsb have a home
longing nhd start for tho "bars," nnd
gottlng up tho cows with boy. horse
nnd dog is nn obsol "to cuBtom on such
.1 farm. In this summer enro of the
cowh thoir comfort should bo looked
after In tho lot, scolng that there is
plenty of good wntor, nnd shade of
some kind. In tho west, on tho prairies,
this is n feature to be looked after,
whoro tho man III tho cast, with his
woodlot pnrt of tho pasture nnd
springs by tho scoro on tho
hill sides. Is provided for in
tho beBtownl of nature's glftB.
Whoro tho "pasturo is about destitute
of shade, there should bo an opon bar
rack provided, and water pumped
handy by. Of courso theso things cost
not n little, but they pay, nnd whoro
shade is limited it will also pay to
stable tho cowh In tho mlddlo of the
day, if good testimony is to bo rolled
upon. If tho cow Is to be fresh In Sep
tember or October she should bo kept
In good heart' by sonlo kind of grnln,
with a generous percontngo of albumin
ous mntter In It, to sustain her nnd de
velop tho milking function. Years ago
It was thought tho thing to stnrvo tho
fall milker; now tho danger Is from tho
opposite direction, overfeeding. Keep
this summer dry cow In thrift, not fat
ten her, nud sho will pny It nil back
In extra milk. The summer milker may
not Boom to need extra feed, but sotho
grain will bo profitable, Ono profit is
to hlro her to como homo nt night, and
avoid tho expenso of keeping a dog
to worry her and kill Bheep the rest
of the time, and when tho pastures fall
this cow will not shrink llko a grass
fed cow. Along these lines there la no
end of things to learn, nnd to advan
tage, and tho chief of these nro plonty
and n variety of feed, good nnd abund
ant wntor, both nt yard and pasturo,
quiet and comfortablo quarters, and
regulnrlty of attention. Practical
Times will never get too hard for tho
faithful hen to cam her living.
from Constantinople, where they nro
known as "Sultan's Fowls." They some-
what resomblo White Polish, but have
Poultry of To-day.
"Tho mngnlflcont hen Ecen todny,
weighing eight to ten pounds and pro
ducing twelvo to fourteen dozen of
eggs yearly, Is not an accident," said
Dr. Q. M, Twltchell boforo the Massa
chusetts board of agriculture somo
years ago. "Sho has boon ovolved out
of tho brain and hand of man through
centuries of breeding and feeding.
Loft to its native state tho product
would fle only what Is necessary to
pcrpotunte tho species." Tho poultry
mnn of today has lenrncd thnt tho
matter of feed Is far moro lmportnnt,
commercially, than breed True, wo
hnvo varieties that nro better adapted
to extensive egg production than
others, yet tho laying of eggs depends
altogether upon tho quality of ration
tho hens of uny breed get. Scientific
men tell us that an egg Is an ounco
nud a half of concentrated food mado
up of lime, soda, sulphur, Iron, phos
phorus, mngnesla, oil, nnd albumen.
Tho hen Is the mill to grind, says ono,
tho crop tho hopper, nnd tho egg tho
grist. Every particle of tho egg, yolk,
albumen, and shell, must como from
tho assimilated food through tho
blood colls, xf wo give n fatty or
heating ration wo check egg produc
tion, becauso tho proper material Is
missing. Corn contains 80 per cent
fat and heat elements, hence Is no
egg food. Wo must not guago economy
by cheapness Corn may bo tho cheap
est ration as far as dollars and cents
aro concorncd, In Its market value, but
It undoubtedly Is n dear egg food, for
It cannot produce -what Is wanted.
Farmers havo tho Idea that corn will
make eggs and for proof rofor to the
fact that their hons got nothing olse,
but they forget to noto thnt their stock
aro allowed perfect freedom, that thoy
rrnMini trmr.li In thnlr fnr-nrlnrr trlna.
! Worms, bugs, grass, wheat, oats, and
whnt not nro to bo found on tho dnlly
trips of tho featherod tribe. So it is
not tho corn, but the variety of other
feed tho hons collect that mnko tho
eggs, and the formor gets tho credit.
Tho cheapest ogg food, then, la thnt
which gives tho most eggs; such a
quantity of food, too, as will bo thor
oughly digested and assimilated. All
this sclenco and knowledge tho poultry
man of today has gleaned and he. Is
keeping on learning. Ex.
Tlio htotc aiaile Them Lay.
A reader at Pittsburg, Pa., Bends us
an Interesting lotter nnd states how ho
Eocured eggs in winter from thirty hons
by tho uso of a stove. He says;
Wo have thirty brown Leghorn hens,
eight of which aro in their second or
third year, tho others poultry from
last May, They are inclosed in two
coops, each 9x12 feet, with plenty of
light, clean quarters (being cleaned
twico a week and dally in summor),
and floors covered with cut straw to
tho depth of thrco or four Inches. Also,
a free range of two or three acres In
fair weather. Our method of feeding Is
as follows: Morning meal, potatoes or
any othor kind of vegetables, with bits
of mont, piece of dry bread (scalded),
and on this enough bran, crushed bond
nnd flno grit to make all amount to
two and one-half quarts. This Is al
ways fod warm nnd eany. Water also
Is served warm and renewod nt noon
dally. At noon, three or four hnndfuls
of oats, millet, small feeds among lit
ter. In evening, about ono quart of
corn or oats, alternately. They start
ed to lay In Jsovombor and continued
till winter, when thoy stopped for want
of BUfilclent wnrmth. Wo then pro
cured a small stovo and by running tho
plpo through both coops warmed both.
Since then a magic chango has come
over them. Tho stovo was in service
but a week when they began business
again and nro now keeping It up, hav
ing in Kobruary produced 330 eggs. At
present (March) thoy avorngo fifteen
eggs a day, soniotlmea yielding sevens
teen or eighteen. Do you think they
arc doing us well as they should, and 1b
labor sufficiently repaid? Would bo
thankful for an opinion. Another
query: A friend of mine is anxious to
cross Black Minorca cockorol on Brown
Leghorn hens. Would there bo a gain
as to number and size of eggs or any
othor advantage ns layers by uniting
the qualities of both?
Thoro Is no doubt that warmth Is
tbo main factor In securing eggs in
winter changing tho season Into BUm
mer conditions. The objection in the
nbovo is a probability that should tho
houso bo mado too warm tho hons may
bocomo tondor nnd easily tako cold.
In regard to tho cross mentioned, It
is probablo that the Black Minorca
would Increaso the size of the eggp, but
not tho number. Wo see no advantage
In crossing, ns it soon leads to mon
grels. If size Is wanted in eggs why
not uso tho pure Minorca without cross
ing? A cross destroys many good qual
ities of both breeds. American Poultry
I'ciultry Industry In Knglnutl.
Tho royal commission on ngrlculturo
findii that poultry raising Is a very
moro abundant feathers and shorter
legs. Thoy aro good layers, their eggs
being large and white.
profitable business In England, not
withstanding tho general depression,
but It Is conducted on somewhat differ
ent lines from here. Thoy say:
The Industry Is divided Into two
branches, those of renring and fatten
ing, carried on, as a rule, by different
persons, but combined in a compara
tively few Instances. The rearers
breed and keep chickens till tho birds
are thrco or four months old, whan the
fattenera purchase them at Is 8d to 3s
Gd each, according to tho season of the
year. Occasionally early birds fetch as
much as 3s 9d or pen 4s. In splto of
losses from disease', rooks, and vermin,
rearing must bo a very protnblo Indus
try, ns It Is estimated that tho average
cost of a bird when fit for tho fattoner
Is oily Is. But this branch of the in
dustry is profltnblo becauso It is under
done, the fatteners being rarely able to
obtain as many chickens ns they re
quire. Dairy farming Is usually
combined with poultry breeding nnd
rearing, tho skim milk being given to
the fowls and butter being mado. The
largest rearing farm mentioned by Mr.
Itew Is ono of 200 ncr"s, on which about
8,000 chickens aro reared annually, ton
dairy cows, other cattle, and somp
sheop and pigs bolng also kept.
(iooriuiu'nt Crop Ilt-port.
Tho July returns to tho statistician
of the department of agriculture by tho
correspondents thereof mako tho fol
lowing averages of conditions: Corn,
99.3: winter whoat, G5.8; spring wheat,
102.2: oats. 83.2; winter rj e, S2.2; spring
rye, 77; all rye. 80.7: barley, 91.9; rlco
81.1; potatoes, 91.5; tobacco, 85.9.
Acreago of potntoes compared with
1891, 107.9, and of tobacco 84.8 per cent.
Tho report on ncreago of corn, which
is preliminary, shows 107.8 as compared
with tho area planted in 189 1, which
was a llttlo over 70,000,000, being an
increaso of 6,000,000 acres, and aggre
gating in round numbers 2,000,000
Tho averages for tho principal corn
Btatcs aro: Ohio, 101; Michigan, 104;
Indiana. 104; Illinois, 105; Wisconsin,
105; Minnesota, 112- lown. 10G; Mis
souri, 107; Kansas, 117; Nebraska, 107;
Texas, 112; Tennessee, 107; Kentucky,
102. Tho average condition of corn Is
99.3, against 95 in July last year and
93.2 in 1893.
Thaavcrago of condition of winter
wheat is G5.8, against 71.1 in Juno and
83.2 last July,
Tho percentages of principal Btates
xro: New York, 7S; Pennsylvania, 8S;
Kentucky, 85; Ohio, GO; Michigan, 69;
Indiana, 52, Illinois, 50; Missouri, G8;
Kansas, 42; California, 82; Oregon, 95;
The condition of the spring wheat is
102.2, against 97.8 In Juno and 68.4 in
July, 1894. Stato averages are: Min
nesota, 112; Wisconsin, 98; lown, 109;
Kansas, 4G; Nebraska, 80; South Dakota,
112; North Dakota, 102; Washington,
94; Oregon, 90,
The average condition of all wheat
for the country is 76.2.
NOTES OF THE MODES.
CURRENT NEWS OF THE CEN
TERS OF FASHION.
Old-raslilonoil llonnetft Aro In Voguo
Again Seen nt n Wadding-'A French
Design Color for Ulderly I.niMeg.
LD - FASHIONED
bonnets are in voguo
again for email glrln
all tho way from "
to 12 years old, and
prove to be very be
coming. The model
sketched Is of flue
chin, trlmmod with
VP' dainty Dresden flg-
A 14a3wvr' Ured Rnuze ribbon
iE!j v made Into Boft fear-
behind the curved poke brim and finish
the quaint bobbed-oft back of the bon
net. Ties of tho ribbon fasten In a soft
bow under tho chin, nnd against tho
hair under the brim there Is another
knot of gauze. A spray of wild flowers
la sot loosely on the top of the bonnot,
and a close quilling of the ribbon about
the brim adds width and softness to tho
effect. Nothing could be daintier, and
whisper the 18-year-old ulster will
look a dream In this same bonnet, if sho
Is only crafty enough to borrow it when
she wants to make a spocal impression
on the handsomest man In tho world.
The soft hair 1b tied In against the
cheeks when tho bonnet It In place, and
delicate blending of colors In ribbon,
straw, and flowers makes the face
framed In the wide brim look llko a
sweet, wild lose, whether It is the 3, the
12, or tho crafty 18 year old's. The very
high crowned Bailor is becoming to no
ene, no matter what their age, and fear
fully undignified on any one past first
youth. So, If you Invested in such a
one, better confess It a mistake and
either give up a sailor entirely this sea
son, or try again and buy a moderate
crown and a brim to match. The bands
of sailor hats are elaborated this year
by putting a second band On, only a
third ns wide as the first. All combina
tions of color are admissible, the wide
bind whlto nnd tho narrow one yellow
being often seen. A few hats have been
shown with the narrow band buckling
with a Jeweled pin. Florette in Chi
Seen at u Vi" tiding.
At a recent wedding party tfioso gowns
were worn: By th bride, white faille
with plaited chiffon vest bordered with
duchess lace. By the bride's mother.
llKht-gray satin with a panel in th.
front of the skirt ornamented with e
four-looped satin bow near the bottom
the bodice had a blouse trimming of Je'
strands confined at the waist with 11
satin belt and reachlns only to tho bust.
where an immense Jet butterfly pemhod
and stretched his wings. Lace epculets
stood out over the Immense satin sUevex
and the collar vas of satin like tin belt
and bow on the tklrt. One bridesmaid's
gown was made of fine striped Bilk in j
blue and gray tint. The skirt was per
fectly plain; th bodice was n blouse
with a wlJte collar edged with white
lace points. Her hat was round and
i ? 'ai 't . i ft Kfw&svamg i
MMwl I 1 1 mill
iV . jp, r, i
U'w-V- . - rrr- '
?Tia ismy &fc Moy a jy uujMtii .DtJHxrJi -. J
rather flat, but had loops of ribbon
standing up high at one side of tho
front; around tho crown of this hat chif
fon was knotted in a manner much af
fected Just now. Rosettes or fahs of
chiffon are also much used on this Eon
son's hats, by the way. Anothor brldes
mnld wore the costume shown here. Tho
Pklrt hnd n strip of lace running up
oaoli side with three rosettes on each.
Tho waist was chiefly lace, which
formed the yoke cut vijry long on tho
shoulders the three strips reaching
from the yoke to the waist and the
gathered epaulots over the largo sleeve
puffs. It might have been called a laco
wilding. The Latest in Chicago Dally
Of French Design.
The numerous alpaca and canvas
gowns seenv to foretell the decline of
crepon, yet the latest reports from
Paris are to the effect that nil the new
materials being manufactured for win
ter Use' ate creped in novel designs,
and elthor striped, plaited, or change
able In color. Meanwhile tho gowns in
evidence, and not those of the future,
attract our Immediate attention. Tho
novol dress illustrated is of French de
sign, for a garden party and othor out
door functions. It is carried out in
pale pink orepon combined with blue
mlrolr velvet ribbon. This forms the
loop trimming on the skirt, headed by
a band of beaded lace, which also fin
ishes the blue velvet yoke, neck nnd
waist. Jet strings fall from the yoke
to the belt in front. White chiffon
waists are worn with white taffeta,
moire, nnd crepon jidrts, making the
daintiest sort of summer gowns for
afternoon wear. A pretty example
shown hns n sort of stole collar of
whlto net, embroidered with fine se
quins in black, silver, and pearls.
. Colors Tor Klilerly T.ntlen.
Very light colors bring out the faded
appearance of u face, and black is dead
ening in effect, unless relieved b' laven
der, oream, dark red, etc., writes Emma
M. Hooper in a page devoted to "Fash
Ions for Elderly Women," In the Ladles'
Home Journnl. All materials are worn
by ladies past their youth, and such
trimmings as Jet, colored passementerie,
lace, and n moderate amount of ribbons.
In selecting materials avoid broad
stripes and plaids, as they attract too
much attention. Dlack, dark and med
ium brown, medium and stone gray,
dark green, garnet, lavender, violet, red
dish purple, crfam, navy blue, a bit of
cardinal or yellow in millinery are all
allowable for elderly matrons and
spinsters. White can bo worn In tho
houbo at any age, but the duller colors
aro more appropriate for the street.
Large bonnots nre only worn lyr very
Id Indies. The toque bonnets with
-trlngs are equally suitable for them. A
' lack lace, straw, felt or Jet toque with
aimber seven black velvet ribbon tied
inder the chin, black tips, lace black
r white nnd n bit of color, as a velvet
rosette or flower. Is always becoming
vor gray hair and not too gay for even
1 grandmother. A black net veil, with
'ow if any dots, and black, brown, tan,
Jark or light gray kid gloves are among
the necessary items of an elderly lady's
toilette. Nowadays the full capes reach
ing well around the hips are convenient
for them in black satin or cloth, velvet
or brown ladies' cloth.
Hood's Sarsoparilla tours and strengthens
Iho digestive organs creates un appetite,
nnd gives a refreshing sleep, llimtrabcr
m fi ng
m& ,f& nfft (n re
Is the ono Tme Blood Purifier
H-rrl'e. Oiflc tlio nfJer dinner pill nnd
rlOOCl S K 1115 fjnilly cutlmrtlc. no.
ASK YOUR DRUQGIST FOR
AGED PERSONS '
JOHN CARLU & SONS, New York.
. , Elejant in Desbrn
3" Superior In Workmarshlp
Strong and Easy Running
Hartfords are the sort of bi
cycles most makers ask $100 for.
Columblas are far superior
to so-called "specials," for which
5125 or even $l 50 is asked.
It is well to be posted upon the
bicycle price situation.
The great Columbia plant is work
ing for the rider's lenefit.as usual.
POPE MFG. CO.
Tho Columllia Ciitnlogita. a work of
liisheit art, tolling of und picturing clearly
nil tho new Columlnas and Hartfords. is
f rco from any Columbia Accnt, or Is mailed
for two S-ccut stamps.
AGflDEfty OFTtlE SftGRED HEART
Tho i our eof Intti IK tion In till" Academy, oundnrto I
by the l.'eliifU.uiKjr th Socieil llrnrt, emlnuns tho
w'hcle raiiKL ot nubjecu nveca fty tow)nstliutoa 11 1
and leflncd education. 1'rupilciy of depoitu ent per.
loial leitne-s and the principles of lnoialit) aio b
JKtxit ujo Inir altenilon .tvntHe cround af.
I.rd the pu lltavery facility lor UAeftil bodlycxer
clte ibelr health l an oD.c t.f constant 16'ii It lOo,
en I In tlclnens tlfy arr ntun led with maternal care,
lull teim oiiem Tuesday, Fr t J I Kr tuithir par
ticular, addros 1111; Hti'titiiHi,
Academy t'ncrnl Jlrni'l, ft. Junriiti, 3Io.
university" 6f kotre dame.'
THE FIFTY-SECOND YEAR WILL OPLN
TUESDAY SEPT. 3d. 1893.
Fulleoimoiin CInlcx I.itliH doner. 1,-nv.
'l II ai dIet'liaiitcul I'.iicliien-Jiic.Tliomi tr'i
1 leiiint ly ai if Commercial cuim. m. iduaidii
Hall for buys un ler IS Is unique intl ecompleteneaHoC
Its oiulp unit. Catalogue tent irteon applicatl nto
IlEV. Asdiiew Hoil:li5k.Y, C B t , Notre Damo lud.
fintST in THE WEST.
'I ho lest norm rogulntor known.
cures nervous prostration, restores
ncrvo-vitn.1 and hoximl iiowers. 1111
Villi IIIiKsfMercer's.) Sold bylUch
urdsou Urug Co. and E B. Bruco &
Co , Omaha, Neb., and all druggists.
Tho best known combination to build
un weak people. BMI1 Aiitiiiil
IMiiU (lleicer's) Bold by Ilicliard-
ton Drug lo, npil E K. Uruce iS: Co.,
Uinnha, iSeb., and all druggists.
PROFITABLE DAIRY WORK
Can only to accomplished with tho very best
of tools and
rator on tho
suro of moro
milk Is a val
tako to get a
farm you ara
mako no m'.s
DAVIS & RANKIN BLDG. & UFO. OO.
Cor. Randolph & Dearborn Sis., Chicago.
IS TUB O.NI.Y
WHO 1KIMTS All,
Wuakn as and -icrut
l Terr euro Bimrante d
S (i cars experience
ojuaM In i mih .
14th .1: Fitrnitm Mta.
Illustrated catalntruo eLowlnn WKIJ.
Auuuia, i;uuri ,diui..l, iuuhauuu
and JirrriM macliin'.3T(. etc
Bent Fbee. hoto been totted ana
hucct floors io Pcch Mf l o ,
Mntix i If y. lnim,
TiiEUowmx ACiiAvKiiv. -tr i.
UUNe 1 1 levinthMru t KansanC ty,K&
f Successful y Prosecutes Claims.
late principal Ettiinliiar Li B Peualon liureaa.
3yt uU.tw.ir, JjudJuduaunsclaUm, uU4 tluco.
sic a' i .u WW i
llox iAh i.htU'r
LURiS WtltKi ALL ILSt
Bret Cough tiiruD. Tnsirs
in time, iviia dt arugmsu.
SfwW lisErSyto? 1
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