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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (Aug. 30, 1957)
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1957 Labor Day Message
By George Meany, President, AFL-CIO
There is a good reason for widespread celebration of Labor
Day this year, because more men and women are employed at high
er wages and under better working conditions than ever before in
the history of the country.
That simple but all-iifiportant fact is not an accident of fate.
It is a direct result of putting into practice the American concept
of an expanding economy—of constantly increasing production
with everyone sharing the rewards.
Political parties never hesitate to claim credit for bringing
about national prosperity. Public officials also have been known
to make sweeping claims of that sort. Some of our major industries
rie with each other in advertising campaigns to convince the pub
lic that their own particular activities are the key to the nation’s
economic welfare. Yet seldom, if ever, the the contributions of
the trade union movement given proper recognition.
There are two principal ways in which the trade unions, as
luch, have helped to build and maintain high-level prosperity. I
am not speaking of the actual work performed by the members of
trade unions, nor of the increased skills and efficiency promoted
and achieved by union programs. Let us consider here simply the
higher wages and shorter hours of which uniens have attained not
only for their members, but for all workers.
The record is so dear that I don’t believe it necessary for me
to cite any detailed proof. At the turn of the century before un
ions were very strong, a worker who earned $15 a week for sixty
hours of work, was considered well paid. Today the average fac
tory wage for a forty-hour week is over $80. Millions of skilled
workers make as much as $120 a week. The rise in the number of
men and women employed is tremendous—from about 27 million
to over 65 million.
Now let’s do a little arithmetic. This increase in the number
of those employed means that an extra four billion dollars a week
Is being pumped into the pockets of working families of this coun
try, as against worker income 50-odd years ago. On an annual
basis, it amounts to over 200 billion dollars a year.
That jump in mass purchasing power is the real secret of A
merica’s economic success.
It is not only a secret but a mystery to people in other lands.
Frequently, in my travels in Europe and South America I have
been asked to account for America’s economic strength. My
answer is this:
“In America, the man who helps to build a house can afford
to buy one; the man who puts together an automobile earns enough
to buy one; the factory worker who makes radio and television
sets and refrigerators and washing machines can buy them.”
Before there can be mass production, there must be the power
af mass consumption, made possible by high union wage standards
and working conditions. In countries where workers lack the pur
chasing power to buy what they need and what they would like,
mass production does not exist.
Yet some employers in this country still complain about having
to pay high wages,forgetting that those very high wages are help
ing to keep him in business and making it possible for him to earn
Every American businessman and every American farmer
should realize by now they must sell in order to keep on producing
and that they would not be able to sell unless the great majority
rf American workers were earning high income.
The purpose of this message is not merely to give the trade
onion movement a pat on th back for its contributions to national
prosperity, but to explore how that prosperity can be maintained
for the benefit of all elements in our population.
The main threats ahead to continued economic well-being stem
from two directions. The first is inflation; the second, a return
»f mass unemployment due to automation.
Inflation, simply defined, makes your dollar worth leas and
less and less. In terms of pre-war days, today’s dollar is worth
only about fifty cents. Obviously we Iwve had considerable infla
tion in the last sixteen years. If inflation continues unchecked,
the dollar may shrink even further.
While a great deal has been said in recent months about the
danger of inflation, there has been no serious attempt to track
down its cause and to halt its spread.
One of the symptoms of inflation is higher prices. Some in
dustrialists and their friends in Congress have tried to put the
blame on labor price increases. Higher wages, they say, force the
employer to charge higher prices and thus an inflationary spiral be
This argument sounds piausinie, nut it is iuii oi noies. in many
cases, higher wage rates do not mean higher wage eosts, because
of labor-saving, production improvements. In other cases, employers
have raised prices far beyond their increased labor costs. Big
business in recent years has taken more than its share of profits
and has insisted on charging the consuming public all the traffic
There used to be a time when business expansion was financed
by new investment—what was called risk capital. Nowadays, big
business either gets Uncle Sam to pay for new factories through
the fast tax write-off system or gets its customers to pay by means
of higher prices that bring in surplus profits.
We of the AFL-CIO believe very strongly that there should
be a full-scale. Impartial Congressional investigation of the whole
price-profit-wage relationship as it affects the cost of living, so that
some effective and intelligent program can be launched to combat
So far as wages are concerned, the facts are crystal clear. If
wages go down, purchasing power shrinks, factories, are forced to
close down and the nation is afflicted with disastrous deflation.
If wages stand still, our country and its economy cannot go forward.
When the economy Is frozen, there is no incentive for increasing
production and creating new jobs for the young people who enter
the labor market each year. Thus, standing still actually means
drifting backward in terms of the national economy.
At tb* same time, the trade union movement realizes that
workers cannot get more out of a business enterprise than they put
In. The function of unions is to obtain for workers a fair share of
the wealth they help to produce. Our movement in America recog
nizes the right ai private capital and private management likewise
to receive * fair share of the rewards of production. It is only when
profits soar sway out of line that we become critical of the profits
Spare Tire '
If you’re vacationing on a lake!
or seashore this summer, don’t for
get that your automobile is equip
ped with a handy, effective life
According to the Institute for
Safer Living of the American Mu
tual Liability Insurance Company,
the spare auto wheel and tire fully
inflated can be used as a satis
factory life saving ring preserver.
It can be used as a life raft for j
several persons from an upset!
boat, for tests show it will readily
support three or four persons. It
can be quickly rolled from car to
water and pushed out to reach a
swimmer in trouble.
A person untrained in rescue
methods can help save a drowning
person in this manner: simply by
grasping the wheel firmly and
propelling it by kicking with legs
and feet until the victim is reach
ed. Remember, however, to keep
calm and keep the wheel between
rescue and rescued. If the victim
cannot assist you to return to
shore, both persons should remain
quiet and support themselves on
the tire until help arrives.
The Institute suggests that
waterside vacationers be sure that
the spare tire is kept inflated to
proper level, lug loosened and
ready to be removed from the car
and kept near the water if possi
It makes good life-saving sense
to have this emergency rescue aid
always handy. Widely endorsed
by police departments and water
safety authorities, the Institute
notes these important precautions.
► Never use this device as a
floating toy—it's heavy and rough;
and may cause injury.
If you can't swim it’s safer to
move the tire to the drowning per
son by a stick, pole or oar.
Never throw the tire to or at the
person—he might be hit by the
heavy object or it might land out
of his reach.
Never consider this device as a
substitute for knowing how to
swim or knowing water rescue
work. Surest way to avoid drown
ings is to have every member of
the family be a competent swim
mer and Red Cross trained in life
Real Estate deals involving the
sale of several Blair residential
properties have been recorded this
Marius Hansen, Blair contractor,
has sold a house in the Stokes
addition in north Blair to Howard
Campbell for $11,600.
The Richard Daniels home on
north Walker Avenue has been
sold to O. L. Newman for $8750.
The Clyde Sappenfield house on
| east South street which was traded
to Arthur Ranheim on a recent
deal, has been sold by Ranheim to
Clifton Robinson, Jr for $7500.
Mrs. Emma Nelson has sold her
house at 306 west South street to
Calle Hansen for $6500.
By James W. Douthat
Sordid stories of union labor
racketeering and hoodlumism
have convinced some members of
Congress that a nationwide cam
paign of education and drastic leg
islaton to curb union labor mono
poly are necessary.
The hearings of the Senate com
mittee headed by Sen. McClellan
(D-Ark.) not only disclose hood
lumism and racketeering in local
ities as widely separated as New
York and Portland, Ore., but they
also have revealed nationwide
Sen. McClellan, who is making
an inquiry into racketeering in
New York, said present federal
law is inadequate to curb abuses.
This appeared to many observers
to be an understatement. The dis
1. Unions hire gangsters, and
gangsters set up their own unions!
—enjoying protection of federal
law or ignoring it, as they please. |
2. In spite of Sen. McClellan’s,
charges that James Hoffa got con-,
trol of the Teamsters Union move-j
ment in New York with the aid of
gangsters, he appears to be unop-,
posed as a candidate for the inter-,
national president of the organiza-j
tion which claims to represent a
3. Sen. McClellan said Hoffa’s
program included a Teamster
Longshoremen’s con t r o 1 plan
which, if successful, would give
him control of the Eastern Sea
board and the new St. Lawrence
4. Hoffa, himself, announced
that his first objective, if elected
president of the Teamsters, would
; be a giant union oganization con
i trolling transportation employees
| in the entire country. This, he
1 said, would permit a nationwide
I strike which, of course could
paralyze the country.
5. The Senate committee offici
ally disclosed that Teamsters Un
ion dues money paid the hotel bill
of Joe Louis, former heavyweight
champion, when he came to Wash
ington and displayed himself in
the courtroom where Teamsters' i
boss Hoffa was on trial for alleged-;
ly planting a spy in the Senate '
An intimation came from a Sen
atorial inquisitor that the pres
ence of Louis in the courtroom
may have made the predominatly
Negro jury more sympathetic to
the defendant It also was reveal
ed that the Teamsters Union
placed advertising in a Negro
newspaper at the time of the trial,
the ads praising Hoffa's virtues.
6. A former union presic^pt,
Lester Washburn, of the United
Auto Workers, testified that the
International Ladies Garment
Workers Union hired a gangster
to "crack" a nonunion plant at
7. Testimony was given that
“paper" unions were set up in
New York by gangsters, who inti
midated or conspired with empow
ers to defraud employees. Testi
mony centered around Johnny Dio,
; described as a New York gangster.
Senators are being asked by con
stituents What will Congress do
to stop gangsterism and union
Thus far no clear answer has
been given. Sen. McClellan and
some other members of his investi
gating committee say that legisla
tion must be enacted to stop rac
But, meanwhile, the Labor De
partment announces it is studying
plans to modify the Taft-Hartley
Act for presentation to Congress
next year. Such a modification as
has previous been proposed would
give union monopoly a stronger
union leaders, and Senators and
Representatives elected as “union
labor candidates” continue to urge
leigslation virtually destroying any
protective federal legislation.
There is widespread belief, how
ever, that public indignation may
force Congress into action to pro
tect the public, industry and union
labor workmen from monopoly and
_ _____ I
STATEMENT BY THE
AFL-CIO EXEC. COUNCIL
The record of the AFL-CIO on
civil rights speaks for itself. W<.
have fought in this session of Cou
gress, as the labor movement has
traditionally fought, for a mean
ingful civil rights bill.
In keeping with that tradition,
we supported H.R. 6127 as it pass
ed the House, and we urged the '
Senate to adopt it without crip- \
We are disappointed in the Sen
ate amendments which obviously
make the measure less effective
than the House version. But the
trade union movement has never
taken an “all or nothing” position
in the legislative field. We are
always prepared to accept progress
even when we expected the pro
gress would be greater.
In this instance, the Senate-ap
proved measure provides for a
Civil Rights Commission, operating
with subpoena powers, which can
do much to focus public and Con
gressional attention on the prob
lems which cry out for justice.
The precious right to vote is given
Congressional recognition and the
Department of Justice is given
new powers to protect that right
We urge the Congress to adopt
this year the bill as passed by Sen
ate. We will not join with those
who would delay or defeat the
present weakened measure in an
effort tp obtain political advan
We pledge that the AFL-CIO will
continue, in the the years ahead,
to press for continued improve-.
merits until we reach the day when j
full civil righta are guaranteed for;
all our citizens.
Resolution Adopted by the AFL
CIO Executive Council
WHEREAS, President George
Meany of' the AFL-CIO has been
appointed by the President of the
From labor’s point of view, automation should not be consid
ered a threat but a peat opportunity. Automatic machinery re
quiring fewer man hours of labor on a product ought to bring about
higher wages and drastically reduced working hours, eventually.
But there is some danger of widespread displacement of workers
in the transition period and we believe that labor, management
md the government should begin undertaking a program now to
prevent needless unemployment and suffering.
All In all, despite these problems, the outlook for labor is
promising. If we can preserve world peace and strengthen forces
of freedom, we should be able to cope with any economic troubles
that may arise.
The American trade union movement will be in a much strong
sr position to carry on the good fight for human justice as a result
,t unity. The merger process, initiated when the AFL-CIO was
formed, is now cementing the forces of labor at the State and
local level. Already we hare demonstrated the sincerity of our
pledge to keep the labor movement clean of communism and cor
ruption With invigorated spirit and the support of the general
public as well as our own members, we propose to go forward dur
ing the coming year with the )°b of building for a belter America.
NAT "KING” COLE ON NBC TV REGULAR FALL SCHEDULE
The half hour summer presentation of the Nat "King" Cole
NBC TV show, Tuesdays, 10-10:30 r.m., NVT, has been selected for
the network’s 1957-58 regular fall programming beginning September
24—but at a new time, 7:30 to 8 p.m., NYT. The popular pianist
singer, still sponsorless, though showing increased audience ratings
sihcc his expansion to a half-hour format, is shown above with
Harry Bclafontc, another popular singer-actor, who was Nat’s guest
Edward Bennett, age 84 year*,
of Douglas County Annex, expired
Saturday August 17, 1957 at a
A native of Tyler, Texas, Mr.
Bennett was a long time resident
of Omaha and was a member of
Zion Bapteist Church. There are
no known survivors.
Funeral services were held
Friday August 23, 1957 at 2.00
p.m. from the Myers Funeral
Home Chapel with Rev. F. C. Wil-j
hams officiating. Interment was
at Mt. Hope Cemetery.
Mrs. Georgia Ann Brown, age
75 years, 2219 Grace Street, pass
ed away Wednesday August 14th
at a local hospital. Mrs. Brown
had been a resident of Omaha
She is survived by a daughter,
Mrs. Elvira Chambers, Camden.
Arkansas; two brothers, Mt
Clem Brown. Omaha, Mr. Melvin
Brown, Mt. Rose, Ark.; five
granddaughters, Mrs. Jose Mae
Strong, Misses Annie and Vera
Chandlers, Omaha. Mrs. Veira
Beasley, WUldo Arkansas, Mrs.
Ruby Nell Walker, Los Angeles,
United States to serve as a mem
ber of the United States delega
tion to the forthcoming session of
the United Nations General As
WHEREAS, this is the first time
that a leader of the American la
bor movement has been so singu
larly honored; and
WHEREAS, the appointment of
President Meany is recognition of
the forward-looking and construc
tive role played by the AFL-CIO in
seeking to build a world of peace,
prosperity and freedom;
THEREFORE BE IT RESOLVED,
that the Executive Council of the
AFL-CIO congratulates President
Eisenhower upon making this ap
pointment to this position of out
standing importance and congrat
ulates President Meany upon being
BE IT FURTHER RESOLVED,
that the Executive Council of the
AFL-CIO pledges its full coopera
tion and support to President
Meany in his capacity as a mem
ber of the United States delega
tion to the General Assembly of
the United Nations.
California; four grandsons, Mr.
Arthur Chambers, Jr., Omaha,
Messrs Hurtis, Freddie, and Dav
id Chambers, Camden, Arkansas.
Funeral services were held ten
o’clock Saturday morning August
24th from the Paradise Baptist
Church with the Doctor C. Adams
officiating, assisted by Rev. J.
W. Rodgers. Pallbearers, Messrs
E. Jackson, Floyd Cordon, George
Draphin, Leonard Renfro, Jack
Jackson, E. L. Sonford. Burial
was a], ML Hope Cemetery with
arrangements by the Thomas
Mrs. Lena Price, age 72 years,
August 18th at a local hospital,
passed away Sunday morning
Mrs. Price had been a resident
of Omaha sixteen years. She was
a member of Christ Temple
Mrs. Price is survived by one
daughter, Mrs. Alma Alice Jack
son, Omaha; two grandsons, Mr.
Waymon Fleming, Mr. Melvin
Winston; two great grandchild
ren, Rita May Fleming, Louis
Ann Fleming, Omaha and other
Funeral services* were held j
two o’clock Thursday morning
August 22nd from Christ Temple
Church with the Rev. L. Willis |
officiating, assisted by Rev. J. I
W. Goodwin, Rev. J. W. Rodgers,
Rev. A. Ralph Davis. Pallbearers
Messrs DeWitt Smith, William J
Woodall, H. II Smith, Sr., E.
Butler, A. L. Johnson. Interment J
was at Forest Lawn Cemetery
with arrangements by the Thom
as Funeral Home.
■ i ■ ..— —
Mrs. Julia Arene Washington,
67 years, 1925 North 30th Ave
nue, passed away Thursday Aug
ust 22nd at a local hospital. Mrs.
Washington had been a resident
o Omaha forty years.
Mrs. Washington was a long
time member of Sharon Seventh
Day Adventist Church. She was
a top money raiser In the cam
paign for funds for their new
church edifice, Jdhn Creighton
Blvd. and Bedford Avenue. Mrs.
Washington was also active in the
Mrs. Washington is survived
by one daughter, Mrs. Emmalyn
Collins, Phoenix, Arizona; four
sons, Mr. Henry Washington,
find clearance! men's
©rig. 37.50 and
Much, much more
• wash'« wear
• ail wool flannels
• broken sixes
Handsome suits in light
and dark fabrics. Single
breasted models. Save
new on this final clear
Dean of American Letters
Dr. Wm. E Burghardt DuBois has Just published his latest
literary work, a novel “The Ordeal of Mansart". This is the first
volume of a triology, "The Black Flame”, in which Dr. DuBois pre
sents a monumental study of what it has meant to be a Negro in
the United States from 1870 to the present—(Associated Negro Press
Grand Island, Nebraska, Messrs
Robert, Booker and Charles
Washington, Omaha; three sis
ters, Mrs. Annie Cunningham,
Beatrice, Alabama, Mrs. Mary
Lee Cunningham, New York
City, Mrs. Sally Walker, Detroit,
Michigan; two brothers, Mr.
Cleveland Cunningham, Beatrice,
Alabama, and Mr. Rufus Cun
n i n gham, Pensacola, Florida,
three grand children.
Funeral services were held ten
o’clock Tuesday morning August
27th from the Sharon Seventh
Day Adventist Church with the
Elder G. H. Taylor officiating,
assisted by Rev. E. T. Streeter,
Rev. McCoy Ransom, Rev. Char
les Tyler. Flower bearers were
members of the Dorcas Federa
tion, the pallbearers Messrs John
Butler, N. Mosley, G. Parridge,
Sr., N. Scarbrough, George Scar
brough, R Greene. Interment
was at Mt. Hope Cemetery with
arrangements by the Thomas
Geo. L. Johnson
George L. Johnson, age 54 years,
of 2445 Spaulding St., ‘expired
Thursday August 22, 1957 at his
home. 1 -
A native of Lexington, Mo., Mr.
Johnson came to Omaha in 19311,
and for the past 7 years, bad been
employed at Wagner Electric Co.
He is aurvived by his wife, Mra.
Agnus Johnson of Omaha; moth
: er, Mrs. Mary A. Johnson of Lex
j ington. Mo.; 2 step-sons, Earl and
t Fred Wayne of Omaha; aunt, Mrs.
Angie Cobey of Kirksville, Mo.,
and other relatives.
Funeral services were held
the Bethel A.M.E. Church with
August 27, 1957 at 2:00 p.m. from
Rev. W. A. Fowler officiating. In
terment wag at Forest Lawn
Pallbearers Messrs Henry Me
Carrell, Joe Riggers, LeRoy Cur
ry, Dale Salin, Ora Marshall and
Myers Brothers Funeral Ser
The evening papers print what
they do and get away with it be
cause by afternoon the human
mind is ruined anyhow.
— both overnight!**
Hn. WfcM Kirtbr. W-sceedfc, Pa.
i Balf-allvs, headachy, when eonatlpa*
: tlon >oun stomach? Black-Draught*
i rtllam constipation croemtpht. Helps
sweeten sour stomach too. Wo harsh
I griping. Made from pure vegetable
i herbs. Brings thorough but gentla
relief In morning. Life looks sunny
, again I Oet Black-Draught today.
; •/« PouAtr or OronulaltA form . .. sad
BOV, In new, tatt-to-lakt Tahitil. tool
CHIIDIEN: When constipation sours *
j children's digestion, get Byrup of Block
j Draught. They loss Its honey-sweet lasts.
Convertible, Dyne-flow, power brake*.
New cer werrenty
60 Speciel Fleetwood. All the extra* plu*
GM air conditioning
62 Coupe Sd. All fectory extra* plu* GM
2-door A 1-owner beauty including warranty.
Star Chief Convertible Coupe or Catalina Sod.
Full power, 7000 gueianteed mile*.
'56 Oldsmobile ---<7495
98 or S 88 Holiday Sed. loaded, including
Roedmeiter Riviera 2-door. Factory fre«h
plu* all power.
Windsor DeLuxe V-l Sedan. Full power, ■ W W
guaranteed 1 owner. A Dream.
'55 Ford $M95
Fairlane Convertible V-l. Fordomatic and T ■ “ *
many other extras.
Comopolitian Hardtop 2-Door. The one T1 ^
you've always dreamed of.
Coupe DeVllle. Guaranteed 1-owner. Full T ” *
power, including Warranty.
We have many, many more exceptionally fine automobiles at
every day low, low prices.
Far too many to try and list hero, and above all also... .Remem
ber, folks, we will bo here tomorrow to back up what wa say
and do today.
2721 Dofcrfe SL JA 6M5-Ja 6293
Over 45 years in tho automobile buslneio in Omaha.
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