The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, February 01, 1957, Image 1
_ __ *-*•**•**••••••■ This Is Your Newspaper This Is Your Newspaper ■ " What you are doing is news. :: What y0* are doing is news. ; ■ I! Please Phone Your News To I: ; Please Phone Your News To ■ ;; 0800 HA 0800 JB or send it to * • || THE^A GUIDE || *_ || THE24°20 Gr^t II I, | /JUSTICE/EQUALITY HEW TO THE LINEN I_~.JZ_i EQUAL OPPORTUNITY Vol. 37 No. 47 ~ Friday, February 1, 1957 10c Per Copy Victory |n 7 lights Kansas — nc I 2" * <4jfss ***£: £*?«* lorn S^.y011 can't1 WStjrys* £rcp -** swjs; GJoster r „ i tion’« direelor “7Chnt* ,he Assoeia-' “UN'*~tSi2*“** *5 .22*2 - —iX-—, ' 21“,m*^Srr„“r Cur fsv'iSv r^srsz&^B ions.” p ome Court decis ' t0 a reaiiiaf/on * 7 and orderI da“gcn Posed the n* * *inisfcr “nr "* ,W untaw^ °" by pef ienre against Hecrl acU (vio unpunished.” *rocs) «® continue1 attend,^771 addres*ed pers0ns / AJso °n the pro ® *' *AACP ence I4,ws. an was ciar ‘ary working i„ ,PlU ,,eJd secre- i —^ / Congressman GLENN CUNNINGHAM The possible visit by Marshal Tito of Yugoslavia has caused much strong comment here on Capitol Hill. On* Congressman has said he will resign if Tito visits this country. We have re ceived a number of letters from Nebraska, in which strong op position to the visit was express I agree with those persona who oppose a Tito visit. So far, the visit is in the rumor stage, and 1 am hopeful that it will never become a serious proposal by any part of our government. I will Join those who are work ing against this visit. Our Washington office staff has now been completed. Our second secretary arrived from Lincoln this week. She is Miss Rita Van House, who was work ing for the Burlington Railroad in Lincoln. Our other secretary is Miss Ann Cerovski, formerly of South Omaha. Miss Cerovski’* mother Uvea in Omaha at 3809 V Street. The two girls and Wayne Bradley, formerly with WOW in Omsha. compromise our Washington staff. During the campaign last fall, I said, "Foreign aid must be re duced and only those countries which demonstrate their loyalty to the United States should be given consideration." My opin ion has not changed on this mat ter I want to assure you that I will do all I can to reduce for eign aid. It has been gratifying to hear from a number of Second DIs •trict voters on various issue* be fore the nation. Please write me at Wnnm 1338 New House Of fice B”ildtn«. Washington 23. V. C. Your latter* ara read, and we appreciate receiving them. One of the erouoe here in Washington which studies the federal budget gave this report last week. The lowest federal budget In' recent yeers we* In IMA If federal spending wera bald at the IMA figure far the year, inag IMA there would he t»J MHIor dollar* by the end of IMA ta he used for taa reductions or reduction of the national debt According ta government estimate*, there will POLIO STILL REQUIRES CONTROL EQUIPMENT March of Dimes officials Wed nesday submitted an inventory of 318 pieces of machinery as proof that Polio has not yet completely surrendered. Douglas County March of Dimes chairman, Ed Covert, said, “We won’t consider the Polio job finished until all this equip ment can be sold for scrap." “Needless to say," he added, "we are going to hang on to all the equipment we have, because there is still enough of the popu lation unprotected by Salk shots that we could suffer another epidemic, and much of our equipment Is now in use to keep Polio victims alive and to bring them back to a normal exist ence." The inventory of Polio-fight ing equipment includes 123 chest respirators, 84 iron lungs, 52 rocking beds, 15 positive pres sure machines, 39 hot-pack ma chines and 34 suction machines, plus an "untold number” of crutches, wheelchairs and braces. Court Sets Aside Death Sentence WASHINGTON, D. C. — Death sentence of an Alabama Negro was set aside January 14 by the U. S. Supreme Court in a six to three decision reversing the Ala bama Supr ae Court, Confessions used to convict were obtained through methods which violated in due process clause of the Constitution, the federal court held. As the confessions were “sub stantially the only evidence" which the state had against Wil liam Earl Pikes, 29, it seems un likely that he can be successfully prosecuted again, the Naacp, which handled Fikes' case, an nounced. "The protections to be afforded to a prisoner upon preliminary hearing were denied him . . . “The totality of the circum stances that preceded the con fessions in this case goes beyond the allowable limits. The use of the confessions secured in this setting was a denial of due pro cess. “Wc hold that the circum stances of pressure applied against the power of resistance of this petitioner, who cannot be deemed other than v/eak of will or mind,-deprived him of due process of law.” The Chief Justice was join ed in the opinion by Justice Hugo L. Black, of Alabama, William O. Douglas and Tom Frankfurter and William J. Brennan concurred in a sap • rale ooinion. Dissenting were Justices John M. Har lan, Stanley F. Read and Har old H. Burton. Earle Clark Has Office Earl* A. Clark waa lnatalled president of the Nebraska Chap ter of the Public Relations So ciety of America at a noon lunch eon-meeting in the Omaha Athle tic Club Thursday, it was an nounced today. Clark la public relations dir ector of Northern Natural Gas Co. He succeeds E. C. Schafer as president of the group. Byron W. Reed, vice president of Bozell & Jacobs, Inc., nas in stalled vice president. Installed secretary • treasurer was Mrs. James Gleason. Horace L. Rosenblum was chosen to re main as representative to the na tional board. Others elected to the board of directors were as follows: Clark, Glen Allen, Schafer, one year term; H C. Carden, Bob Howard, Bob MeGranaham. two year term; Bill Ixinsman, Mrs Glea son and Rosenblum, three year term. All are from Omaha with the exception of longmsn. who Is from Shenandoah, lows. A'h-n we see a good painting •» p«» it in the heat pos it hie li»ht Whv can’t we do at much for our friends’ n*** in m »he nest ashes that fall on the flow may he year own. actually he R.I Milton dollars which will ho uaad to redoes Hu nation*! debt i Heart Disease Causes Major Share of Deaths HEART FUND, FEBRUARY 1-28, FIGHTS HEART DISEASE — The greatest percentage of Nebrasua counties' deaths are caused by heart and blood vessel diseases, as shown In map (1855 rates). Highest •re Loup. 108%; Wheeler, 70%; and Harlan, 69%. Lowest are Stanton, 28%; Thurston and Frontier, 82%. Tills problem U combatted by Heart Fund-supported programs of Research, Education sad Com munity Service of the Nebraska Heart Association. HELP YOUR HEART FUND—HELP YOUR HEART. The heart and blood vessel diseases arc the Nebraska’s No. 1 public health enemy, says the Nebraska Heart Association which is conducting the 1057 Heart Fund drive here this month. The economic loss from the cardiovascular diseases in the United States amounts to more than $21/2 billion a year, the American Heart Association esti 1 mates. The heart and blood ves sel diseases are the nation's No. 1 public health enemy. I Hardening of the arteries, high blood pressure and rheu i rnatic fever are responsible for more than 90 percent of all deaths from heart disease, ac cording to the Nebraska Heart Association. But medical science : does not know yet the exact I mechanisms that cause these ail ments. The answers lie in re ) search. Some forms of heart disease now can be prevented, some cur-! ed and almost all helped with proper treatment after early diagnosis, according to the Ne braska Heart Association. Among the benefits of re search supported by the Heart Fund, according to the Nebraska Heart Association, are improved diagnosis, better methods of treatment and care and new techniques for heart surgery. Thanks to recent research dis coveries of heart scientists, it is now possible to replace diseased arteries with blood vessels pre-| served in artery banks, the Ne braska Heart Association, now conducting the 1957 Heart Fund drive, reports, “Help Your Heart Fund, Help Your Heart” is the slogan of 1957 Heart Drive being held here this month. Your contribution to the Heart Fund helps support your com munity fight against the heart diseases, through the Heart As sociation's Research, Public and Professional Education and Com munity Service Programs. Almost 2 million Heart Fund dollars have been channeled in to research during the past nine years by the American Heart As sociation, its 57 affiliates and hundreds of chapters. Help your Heart Fund - help your heart Heart Fund contributions are deductible for income tax pur poses, the Nebraska Heart As sociation advises. Scventyfive percent of the Heart Fund contribution you make to the Nebraska Heart As sociation remains in this state to support the local program a gainst the heart diseases, which causes 54% of Nebraska’s deaths. The heart diseases cause more deaths in the United States each year than all other causes of death combined. I I Teen-Age Race Baiters ! Are Jailed SHIVELY. Ky. •— <ANP) —Billy Branham, 17 year old transplant ed Detroit pro segregationist, ran afoul the law here last week when he ordered Shiverly polic< chief, Luther Melton out of a meeting in a hall licensed for the sale of beer. Branham, who came to Louis ville recently, got in a tiff with local school authorities when he said he did not believe in racial j integration. He was at first de nied admission to Louisville Male high school, but later was admit ted. According to Chief Melton, he received word that teen-agers were holding a meeting in a hall which was licensed for sale of j beer. State law forbids meeting of minors in establishments li censed for alcoholic beverages. I About 30 or 35 youths were in the hall listening to a speech by j Branham when Melton walked in Branham asked the chief his bus iness. and the officer replied he had stopped to determine if a liquor license law was being vio lated. Branham then told the chief, “Get out that door! You heard, me, get out.” Melton, thereupon, arrest e d Branham and 12 other youths, on charges of breach of the peace. EXAM FOR CIVIL SERVICE .ANNOUNCED Civil Service examination was announced today for' Commis sary Cashier Checker, $3175 per year, for Offutt Air Force Base. A written test is required plus a year of cashiering and retail store experience. Applicants must be citizens of the United States. Applica tion Form 5000-AB should be filed with the Board of US Civil Service Examiners for Offutt Air Force Base, 404 Pist Office, Oma In, Nebraska, and will be ac cept until further notice. Forma for filing can be ob tained from the following poet offices Omaha, Fremont, Ne braska City. Nebraska, Council Bluffs and Shenandoah, Iowa; or from the Secretary, Board of US Civil Service Examiners for Of fun Air Force Base; or from the Director, Ninth US Civil Service Region, New referal Bldg. St l/outa, Missouri | Applicants who file before , February 111b will be given first i consideration for the Job 1* mediately available. Kelly New OPPD Advertising Mgr. New advertising manager of the Omaha Public Power District is Daniel D. Kelly. He suc ceeds Karl M. Joens, who was recently elevated to assistant general manager of the utility. Mr. Kelly was branch manager of Omar, Inc. at Dcs Moines, Iowa, immediately before join ing OPPD. Previously, he had served the baking firm as branch manager at Galesburg, Illinois, and as advertising manager at the Omaha central office. A graduate of Creighton Uni versity, Mr. Kelly served three years in the 8th Glider Infantry during World War II. He was discharged with the rank of cap tain. He is a member of the O maha Advertising Club and the American Legion. _ University Refrigerated Silas Hunt The University of Arkansas' treatment of Silas Hunt, its first law-school Negro student, in 1948, is a heartwarming recol lection in today’s segregation controversy. It is described by Mordecai W. Johnson, president of Howard University, in the Feb ruary Reader’s Digest. Dr. Johnson saw Hunt, miser able and alone, on a train bound for Fayetteville, Arkansas Dr Johnson didn’t know Hunt, but Hunt recognized Johnson when the educator sat with him and asked, "What's wrong, son? Plenty was wrong. Hunt ex plained that he was entering thn University of Arkansas as the law school’s first Negro student. •'They're going to cut me dead,’’ he said. "Those students are go ing to plain refrigerate me." Dr. Johnson had to admit that this "could well happen.” He left the train before Fayetteville, but learned later what had occurred. At the University station Hunt saw 30-odd white students on the platform. As he stepped down, they pressed toward him. A lanky white boy addressed him "U your iw .. Hunt?” HU forehead wet with perspu alfon, Hunt answered. "Yes." The white hoy put out hi* hand. 'Welcome V* the Unlver dtjr of Arkansas" He said Jttep 1 Over bore and meet some of jrooi frtenda.” The welcome had been ar ranged the night before The I studrnU knew what the Negr* Collection of Dimes Not Authorized March of Dimes officials Sat urday had a word of caution for merchants who display dime col lection cards for the Polio drive. Ed Covert, Douglas County March of Dimes chairman, said that there have been some col lection of dimes by unauthoriz ed persons. Mr. Covert said that all merchants who are ask ed to turn in the dimes they have collected should demand identification from the collector before doing so. “Everyone who is supposed to make collections for the March of Dimes will be identified,” Mr. Covert said, “including ail the thousands of mothers who will march next Thursday night." Randolph To Open Fla. Drive Tampa, Fla. — A. Philip Ran dolph, vice president of the AFL CIO and international president of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, will open the 1957 mem bership campaign of the Tampa NAACP brand: on February 10. This was announced here this week by Warren S. Banfield, presi dent of the Tampa branch. Mr. Banfield said that the Rev. A. Leon Lowry will serve as cam paign chairman. The Tampa effort is part of the Florida State NAACP membership campaign, which in turn is a phase of the Association’s national 1957 Fight for Freedom campaign. The Association hopes to raise one million dollars this year in regu lar memberships, life member ships, and general contributions. The Florids State NAACP has set a gosl of 15,000 members for 1957, and expects to raise $10,000 in the same period. The appoint ment of Bishop D. Ward Nichols of Jacksonville as state campaign chairman was announced last week. The Rt. Rev. Nichols is a bishop of the African Methodist Episcopal Church It is planned that other church leaders will par ticipate in the Florida campaign. boy would expect, and had deter mined to see that Hunt had as normal a life at Arkansas as he ■ would at any law school in ins nation. Aa a first move, they met bis fr.'iti The boy who had ftrwt sddrm «d Hunt said. “Theoe fellows her* are not ail your fromd*. There are aaony more." And there were I Draws Crowds On Tour New York — Jackie Robinson, national chairman of the NAACP 1957 Fight for Freedom Fund campaign and former star of the Brooklyn baseball team, is being enthusiastically received in the cities he is visiting on an NAACP tour, according to reports received here. Mr. Robinson, opened the cam paign January 20 in Baltimore where an overflow crowd of near ly 4,000 persons assembled to hear him. In, Pittsburgh he was intro duced to a packed house by Branch Rickey, the man who broke the color bar in organized baseball by signing Jackie Robinson for the Brooklyn Dodgers as the first Ne gro player. At a luncheon meeting in Cleve land, $8,000 in life memberships was raised, reports Franklin H. Williams, NAACP West Coast Sec retary-counsel, who is accompany ing Mr. Robinson on the tour. In addition to a luncheon meeting and a mass meeting in Detroit, Mr. Robinson consulted with Dr. Alf Thomas on arrangements for a second annual $100-a-plate fund raising dinner meeting for the NAACP. Other cities on the itinerary in-1 elude Boston, February 2-3; and Atlanta, March 3. The meetings are being held under auspices of the local NAACP branches. In the drive for $1,000,000 in 1957 for the Fight for Freedom, Mr. Robinson calls upon all per sons believing in democracy as a way of life to support the NAACP through regular annual member ships, life memberships or contri butions. Instead of 350,000, the ; NAACP should have three to four ' million enrolled, Mr. Robinson tells his audiences. Robinson's Boss Gives to NAACP NEW JORK — A $10,000 con tribution was presented last week to the Naacp Legal Defense and Educational Fund by Jackie Rob inson in behalf of William Black, president of the Chock Full o’ Nuts Coffee Co. and restaurant chain. The company recently signed the former Brooklyn Dodger star to a two year, $30,000-contract as vice president in charge of personnel. Y.W.C.C. - Held First Meeting The Y.W.C.C. held their first meeting at the home of Mrs. Louise Secret, 2108 Evan. We selected officers for the year. Our first meeting for our party i will be held at 2101$ Lothrop at the home of Sister Minnie Brew |« Prayer was given by Sister Ella Crawford and Scripture by Sister Brock, Psalms 30:14. Re freshments were served by Sister Rodgers.. The meeting was closed by Sister McSwain. Our member roll is 12. We are to grow in the state of Ne braska, therefore we are having a membership drive during the month of February. Phone We. 7438, .Mrs. Verner William. She will be glad to help you. Y. Young ' W. Women C. Christian I C. Council We want Christian expense women and unexpense women. Please read TITUS 2 and 3 Chap ter 2. Verse 1 through 8. Joseph McGaugh Mr. Joseph H. McGaugh, 78 years, 2819 Charles Street passed away Sunday afternoon, January 27th at a local hospital. Mr. Me Gaugh was a plastering contract or and had been a resident of O maha forty-seven years He U survived by four sons, John. Don aid, Gerald McGaugh of Omaha, Walter McGaugh, Detroit, Mich! gan; two daughters, Mrs. Jaunita Reese. Mrs. LaVeme Plair, <d Detroit, hrolher, Mr Allen Me Gaugh. Newton. Kansas, sister, Mrs BeuUh Warren. Oakland, California and other relative# Funeral services have been set for Friday afternoon from th* Thomas Funeral Home Urban League Issues State ment of Policy on Labor, Management Controversies . ■— The Rev. William F. Kelly, S. J., dean of the Creighton College of Arts and Sciences, was in Philadel phia recently. Father Kelley was introduced to two women who were accompanied by their young daughters. As he moved out of range the youngsters watched him quizzically, then one of them asked: “Is he Grace Kelly’s father?” Too many Grade A citizens have selected Grade B civil ser vants to administer Grade C poll icies. NAACP Supports Amendment New York — The NAACP “hear tily endorses” a recent editorial recommendation of the New York TIMES that the New York State Commission Against Discrimina tion should be empowered to act on bias discovered during its investigations, Roy Wilkins, NAA CP executive secretary, asserts in a letter published in today’s TIMES. A bill has been introduced in the state legislature, Mr. Wilkins points out, “which would provide the State Commission Against Dis crimination with the right to in vestigate discriminatory practices on its own initiative and to under take regulatory action on the bas is of its findings.” As the law now stands, the NAACP official observes, SCAD “is powerless to act upon whatever discoveries it makes in the course of (its) investigations. It is as if a policeman who witnessed a crime would have to wait for a complaint before taking action.” Present handicaps of SCAD in handling discrimination in the areas of emploment and housing are cited in the letter. Mr, Wilkins’ letter also support ed the proposed increase in the SCAD budget which together with the Zaretski-Baker amendment, he said, “we regard as essential to continued progress against dis crimination in New York State." The TIMES editorial on the State Commission Against Dis crimination was published on Jan uary 15th. The Omaha Urban League seeks the cooperation of both management and labor in pro moting genuine employment on merit involving the hiring, pro motion, transferral and dismissal of workers without regard to race, creed or color. Both management and labor have a continuing responsibility to promote democratic or non discriminatory employment prac tices. When management does not pursue such a policy and does not have representatloi from all groups on its payroll, il lays itself open for criticism of discrimination. When labor does not promote such a policy and especially when locals tacitly endorse discriminatory employ ment procedures by not voicing objection, it invites the use of Negroes or other minorities as strike-breakers. The policy of the Omaha Ur ban League in labor-manage ment controversies is that: 1. The Omaha Urban League does not become involved in con troversies arising out of a con tractual relationship betw e e n management and labor. 2. The Omaha Urban League does not refer workers to a plant in which there is a strike, nor does it encourage Negro workers to accept employment as strike breakers. 3. The Omaha Urban League does not approve of any practice, whether on the part of manage ment or labor, which results in setting race against race in • labor-management problem. 4. The Urban League does not and will not engage in any ac tivity associated with the un ionization of workers. __ . - » The human mind doesn’t need to be stuffed with information, it just needs to be open. The reason some people get lost in thought is that it is un familiar territory to them. Those who continue to shrink from responsibility, continue to shfink. ^ The pessimist says, "Cold weather will hit soon,” and the optimist says, “Summer is linger ing.” You're growing old when you no longer care where your wife wants to go as long as you’re not going with her. Choir At Auditorium Sat. Adding to their travel ex perience as member* of the world-famous St. Olaf Choir are these three students who have the equivalent of circling the globe 4% times during the last four years. Miss Janet Bye. Miss Chsr lotte Don bo we, Mr. Jerome Narveson, all of Northfleld, Minnesota, are among a num ber of 4-yeer choir veterans whose travels have included a recent trip to Europe Ending a collegiate singing , career that reads like a Ire velog, they will be flown to Iceland during the coming Raster Season as America's . "Musical Ambassadors” at the invitation of the United States Air Force and the State Church of Iceland. Before going to Iceland, the 6- voice choir directed by Dr. Olaf C. Christiansen will sing in Omaha February 3 under auspices of the Senior Choir of the First Lutheran Church. The concert will be held in the Music Hall of Omaha's new civic auditorium.