The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, October 26, 1956, Image 1

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L 242p Grant st. | /JUSTICE / EQUALITY HEWTOTHFliNEX the omaha guide ii
r„ 2420 Grant St. J
EQUAL OPPORTUNITY .......m i.----tit /
Vol. 30 No. 34__-_ Friday, October 26, 195610c Per Copy
Boycott Leader Tells
Of Arrests Which
Caused Bus Protest
"You straighten out California
—Well straighten out Alabama.
“As beautiful as this Los An
Seles is. we’re not coming—
"There's not but one way to
stop the Montgomery Movement,
that’s to give us justice.
"And we aren’t going to seek
this justice anywhere else, but in
In a speech that had the lyric
beauty of poetry, the strength
of rhythm, and the exaltation
of faith, the Rev. Ralph D.
Abernathy, pastor of Tirst
Baptist church of Montgomery
and chairman of the negoti
ating committee of the Mont,
gomery Improvement ass'n.,
transported Los Angeles to
the shrine of freedom Wed
nesday night —Montgomery,
Alabama, once noted as a
modest cultural canter of the
South—today infamous the
world over as the city which
indicted its ministers and its
plain people for walking.
Short, stocky, mustached—ar
ticulate, casual, humorous, relax
ed, the Rev. Abernathy arose to
an introduction by Los Angeles’
Rev. E. A. Anderson that was as
eloquent as it was brief —*T,adic8
and gentlemen, I give you a £OtM
Century Moses, the Rev. Ralph E.
Abernathy” —to tell the story of
Montgomery, where ‘50,000 peo
pie have been walking the streets1
—not walking for health—or to
be different —but are walking
for freedom.
"Wa have bean walking for
113 days—But even though
wo have bean walking a long
time, wo ain't got tired yet."
Telling the story behind the bus
boycott, which has paralyzed 1
city, putting 12 of it* 14 bus routes
out of business, the minister re
cited the story of his people’s an
cient mistreatment by bus drivers.
"We have been mistreated—
dragged from busses, thrown into
Jail, stood up over empty seats;
pregnant mothers forced to give
seats to men passengers — when
they refused thrown into jail —
Our cups are full, and we are
tired of it—
Of the loaders
out of this Egypt. . .
“No minister in Montgomery
has had time to prepare a speech
—nor preached a prepared ser
mon since the boycott began.
"We have gotten up at 5 a.m.,
used our cars, assisted our con
gregations and Negroes from
every section of the city to get to
"The Price or Peace too high—"
"Things were peaceful in Mont
gomery until four months ago.
"Why? Because we took the
kicking around and said nothing
But there comes a time when the ]
price of peace is too high. The
Southern white man, for the first j
time since the Civil War is con-1
fronted by a new Negro— a Ne-1
gro who is not bowing, scraping,
grinning, when he is not tickled,
who does not look down when con
fronting the white man — a Pre
pared Negro, a Ready Negro, not
afraid, not begging, not pleading,
but demanding his rights as a cit
Dr. T. J. Bauer
Is Named To
State Services
Dir. Theodore J. Bauer, a
career officer In the Public
HeoKh Service since December,
1034, has been named Deputy
Chief of the Bureau of State Ser
vices. He replaces Dr. Leroy E.
Burney, recently appointed Sur
geon General of the Service.
Dr. Bauer for the past three
years has been chief of the Ser-j
Vise’s Communicable Disease.
Center in Atlanta, Georgia, He|
will become principal assistant to'
Dr. Otis L. Anderson, Chief of
the Bureau of State Services. Dr.|
Bauer reported for duty in Wash-;
lngton on September Ilf.
Dr. Bauer was venereal dis
ease control officer for the Cbi-j
cago Board of Health from 1042
to 1048 and chief of the Venereal
Disease Division of the Public
Health Service in Washington
from 1048 to 1053, when he was
appointed to the Communicable
Disease Center post. He is a na
tive of Iowa liberal aria and
medical schools.
Richard Wright
Mr. Richard A. Wright, 50 years,
1559 North 19th Street, passed a
way Wednesday morning, Septem
ber 19th at a local hospital. Mr.
Wright was an employee of the
Cudahy Packing Company and had
been a resident of Omaha nine
He is survived by his wife, Mrs.
Arzella Wright; two stepdaughters,
Mrs. Geraldine Gilmer of Omaha,
Mrs. Esther Mays, Kansas City,
Missouri; stepson, Leonard Hen
son, U.S.A. Armed Forces in Ja
pan; sister, Mrs. Ruth Carmichel,
brother-in-law, Mr. B. C. Car
michel, Kansas City, Missouri;
sister-in-law, Mrs. Ida May Wilson,
St. Joseph, Missouri.
Funeral services were held ten
oclock Saturday morning, Septem
ber 22nd from the Thomas Funer
al Home with the Rev. S. H. Lewis
officiating. Pal bealrers were A.
J. Sims, William Graves, Arthur
Blanton, Felton Wightman, Robert
Thornton, Walter Moore. Service
by Thomas Funeral H^me.
Powell Sees
GOP Winning
The Negroes
lie Says 25% “Have" Shifted To
Eisenhower. Announces National
Speaking Trip
Twenty-five per cent of Negro
Democratic voters have decided
to vote for President Eisenhow
er, Representative Adam Clayton
Powell, Jr. declared yesterday.
Ten per cent more will switch
to Eisenhower before Election
Day, he predicted.
The Negro Baptist minister,
who has represented his Harlem
district in Congress for twelve
years, voiced these opinions at a
press conference at 270 Park Av
enue. It marked the opening of
headquarters of the Independent
Democrats for Eisenhower, of
which he is chairman.
The Representative said he
would tour the country making
speeches for President Eisen
hower, principally in cities where
large Negro populations may
swing from 'Adlai E. Stevenson to
the President.
He insisted that he was "still a
Democrat” and would support lo
cal Democratic candidates.
The Representative reiterated
yesterday tlfat his support of
President Eisenhower was based
on his belief that the President
would safeguard the civil rights
of Negroes more vigorously than
would Mr. Stevenson.
His speaking schedule will j
take him to Michigan, California, j
Pennsylvania, Illinois, Ohio Mas
sachusetts, Missouri, Indiana and;
Mr. Powell told his press con-i
fercnce that any insinuations
that he made a deal with the
President is a complete false
Chicago, Oct 11 — The Re
publican and Democratic candi
date! for Governor of Illinois
have been requested by the Chi
cago NAACP branch to state
their respective positions regard
ing fair enifdoynwnt practices
The request was made by Wil
loughby Abner, branch president,
to the present governor, WflHarn
G. Stratton, thd his Democratic
opponent, Richard B. Austin.
In a letter to the candidates
Mr. Abner maintained that the
facts on employment discrimlna
tion in Illinois are well known
and "clearly point out the need|
for enforceable equal job op-j
portunitles legislation to combat
discrimination In the employ
ment of members of minority
groups." g
Mr. Abner’s message to Gover
nor Stratton said: "In 1953 you
agreed to and at least publicly
supported the Equal Job Oppor
tunities Bill. In 1055 you did
not support the same bill and,
stated that y.ou did not see any
need for It. . .
Mr. Austin was asked to state
his position on the same Issue
although the Democratic party
in Illinois has adopted a pledge
in favor of "an enforceable fair
employment practices law.”
More Women Enter Government Work
Some of the talented and at
tractive women who are now
holding top-level jobs in govern
ment—many of them opened for
the first time under the Eisen
hower Administration —or in oth
er key administrative posts in the
Nation’s Capital and throughout
the world.
TOP ROW, left to right: Mrs.
Lois Lippman, White House See
retary; Mrs. Carmel C. Marr, area
advisor on the staff of Ambassa
dor Henry Cabot Lodge at the
United Nations; and Mrs. Julia P.
Cooper, attorney in the criminal
division of the Department of
CENTER ROW: Mrs. Thalia
Davis Thomas, assistant to the
Director of Minorities, Republi
can National Committee; Mrs.
Gwendolyn Fowler, assistant pro
gram analyst for the International
Cooperation Administration, as
signed to Saigon, Viet Nam; and
Mrs. Jewel Stratford Rogers, as
sistant U. S. district attorney in
BOTTOM ROW—Miss Roberta
Church, minority group consul
tant in the Department of Labor,
Miss Lois Taylor (top), Informa
tion specialist in the U. S. Infor
mation Agency; Mrs. Jessie Vann
I n t ernational Development A
gency’s advisory board; and Miss
(bottom) one-time member of the
Ruth V. Washington, attorney in
the solicitor’s office of the De
partment of Labor’s regional of
fice in New York City.
(Photos by Clifton Cabell)
Pastors Boo
Dawson. He
Leaves Meet
The following story appeared
in the Chicago Tribune of Oct.
15, 1956:
The booing of Rep. William L.
Dawson, Chicago’s most promin
ent Negro Democrat, by an audi
ence of Baptist ministers was dh
cussed widely on the south side
Dawson, the political boss of
five wards, was shouted down
and forced to leave El-Bethel
Baptist Church, 5657 Lafayette
Ave., when he tried to make a
Democratic speech Monday to the
Baptist Ministers C(inference of
Chicago and vicinity. Present
were most of the 600 ministers
who belong to the conference.
More than 200,000 Negroes are
members of their congregations.
Many prominent Negro minis
ters have switched to the support
of President Eisenhowsr and the
Republican ticket this year.
Dawson has been charged with
being more interested in Demo
cratic votes than in civil rights.
Boeed Three Times
Three stenographic reports of
the meeting in the church show
ed that Dawson was booed three
times for periods of from 10 to
15 minutes each before be walk
ed out, his speech unfinished.
The first intensive booing
Some O' This and That
By John H. Hill
In February, a Baptist missionary returned to this country after
having spent four and a half years in Communist China prisons. In
relating his torturing experiences, he said: "They took away my Bible
and for three and a half years we had to read and discuss Communist
literature and express Communist opinions. Anyone who did not was
landed on with both feet.
This dear brother of the cloth deserves our deepest sympathy
because he went halfway around the world to receive that kind of
treatment that perhaps his next door neighbor has received. His or
deal of "Brainwashing," the most detestable curse of all the ages, has
had Its field day right here in the United States, for quite sometime.
He was wrong to think thot such methods practiced on him were
the exclusive property of the Communists. It has been found that to
Insure conformity of thought, the brainwashing device is a very
handy tool.
It is this tool that make men fail to adhere to the courage of their
convictions. This brainwashing sets up a sort of inexplicable fear
that makes knaves of brave men. How many are their in highplaces
willing to stand up and be counted on the very timely question of
Civil Rights? Go ahead reader you can count them as quickly as I
came when the congressmen
said that “white and Negro
children were going to school to
gether in Mississippi and Georgia
and other states in 1945 after
the war," which was during the
Truman Democratic administra
Another outbreak came when,
referring to contributions the
churches had sent to help Negro
protest movements in the South,
Dawson said that ministers
should not interfere with the
work of politicians.
Movement Dropped
After Dawson left, some min
isters asked for the resignation
of the conference president, the
Rev. Charles O. Trimm of New
Testament Baptist Church, 330
f *
E. 35th St. That movement was
dropped because his term of of
fice is nearly over. The Rev. Mr.
Trimm's wife, Trudie, formerly
was 2nd ward Democratic com
Dawson, 2nd ward committee
man, is running for reelection in
the 1st congressional district.
He voted against the anti-school
segregation amendment sponsor
ed by Rep. Powell (D.-N.Y.),
who is supporting the President.
As a member of the Democratic
convention platform committee,
Dawson worked for a compromise
civil plank satisfactory to south
ern Democrats.
A woman's idea of a larger
shoe is the same size that doesn't
fit so tight
Jr. Theater
Ready For
7th Season
Grade school students in this
area will get an opportunity to
buy season tickets for the seventh
annual Omaha Junior Theatre this
coming week.
Starting Monday, October 29,
for one week, season tickets at
$1.00 each will be available for
fourth through eighth grade stu
dents at both public and paro
chial schools. Ticket sales will
be handled by teachers.
Purpose of the increasingly
popular Omaha Junior Theatre
is to give grade school youngsters
an opportunity to see legimate
stage productions designed es
pecially for them at the lowest
possible cost. Both actors and
audience are youngsters. Mere
adults can only direct and chaper
one the productions.
The Junior Theatre is endorsed
by P-TA groups and school offi
cials throuhout Omaha, Douglas
County and Council Bluffs.
Three plays are set for the Jun
ior Theatre’s seventh season. A
gain this year, they were chosen
for their wholesome, imaginative
appeal to children. They are:
Rip Van Winkle—November 27
through December 4—presented
by Westside High School
The Red Shoes—February 25
through March 3—Presented by
Brownell Hall
The Magic Horn—April 23 j
j through May 3—Presented by the j
Powell Bocks Eisenhower ]
And Nixon for Re-Election
WASHINGTON — Congressman
Adam Clayton Powell, Jr., Demo
crat, New York, announced his un
qualified support of President
Eisenhower and Vice-President
Nixon for re-election.
The announcement by Powell
was made in the White House of
fice of Presidential Press secretary
James C. Hagerty following a
dramatic half-hour conference with
the Chief Executive.
The Harlem representative add
ed that he would campaign vigor
ously—“to the extent of my physi
cal abilities”—in eight or ten key
cities, including Chicago and De
troit, home cities of the other two
Negro congressmen, Reps. William
L. Dawson and Charles C. Diggs,
Jr., both Democrats.
To Speak for tke-Nixon
In addition, he said, he would
appear for Eisenhower and Nixon
in Baltimore, New York City, St.
Louis, Los Angeles, and San Fran
cisco. Other cities might be add
ed as his pans jelled, the New
Yorker said.
F'owell said: “I went into the
White House undecided, but made
my decision after the President
expressed his views on two matters j
of great concern to me. He indi
cated his strong support of right
to-vote legislation, and said it
should have priority in the new
The congressman added: “Al
though he has opposed my anti
segregation federal aid-to-school
amendment, Mr. Eisenhower react
Founder of
Salem Closes
The public turned enmasse
Sunday, October 21st at 3 P.M.
to witness the ribbon cutting
ceremonies, starting the dedica
(Ion and nothing but praise
could be heard of the beautiful
Edifice. The following church
es were guests this week, name-'
ly: The Zion, St. Paul, Pleasant
Green, St. Mark, Bethel, Im
manuel, and Tabernacles Bap
tist churches, The Bethel, Alien
Chapel, St. John AME churches,
The Grace Tabernacle, Calvary
Community, Clark Methodist,
Ebeneezer, and Immanuel Com
munity churches.
The public was cordially invit
ed to hear Rev. J. S. Williams,!
pastor of the new Mt. Zion Bap-1
tist Church, Detroit, Mich, close
out the dedicatory messages.
Tests For Clerks
Being Offered
A test for Accounting Clerks j
and Supervisors was announced
recently by Harold K. Knee,
Civil Service Representative.
Copies of the announcement,!
application blanks and sample
questions are available at Room
404, Post Office Building. Per-j
sons who apply before October |
29, 1956 will bfe admitted to the
first examination, and will be in
line for first consideration 'for,
The examination will be used
for hiring in government offices
locally and throughout a seven
state ana, making up the Ninth
Civil Service Region.
Beginning pay rates run from
$3415 to $4080 a year.
Curtis Wales of San Francisco,
California spent a few days visit-i
ing his brother, P. H. Wales, sis-1
ter and brother-in-law, Mr. and
Mrs. Frank Cole, niece and nep
hew, Mr. and Mrs. John Hart; his
friend, Mr. Lee Washington. He
also visited his niece and nephew
Mr. and Mrs. Sammle Porter, Mr.
and Mrs. Willie Hollingworth and
Percy Hollingworth of Chicago,
Illinois and many of hia old O
maha friends. He left for Cali
fornia October 8th.
Junior League of Omaha
The first two productions, Hip
Van Winkle and The Red Shoes,
will be given in the auditorium
of the Joslyn Memorial. Weekday
performances start at 4 p.m., and
Saturday matinees at 2 p.m.
Chartered buses will take the
youngsters from their school to
the play and back to their school
ngain. Teachers will serve as
chaperones for the trip.
ed enthusiastically to a new form
ula which I will embody in a bill
to be offered to the New Congress.
New School Aid Formula
"This formula, which will bridge
the gap between our past differ
ences of viewpoint, was worked
out during a conference with Ja
cob K. Javits, attorney general of
New York State and Republican
candidate for the U. S. Senate.
“Under it, federal funds would
be denied to any school district
which, having been uirected by
federal court order to integrate
its schools, declined to comply
with such a judicial directive.”
Referring again to the Presi
dent’s reception of this formula
Powell described it as “immedi
ately enthusiastic.” He said that
Mr. Eisenhower referred it im
mediately to his staff for study.
Top Secret Mission
The tall, handsome representa
tive said he had arrived October 3
from a tour of several European
countries, in one of which—Yugo
slavia—he had carried out a “top
secret mission,” the report on
which was for the President only.
He toured under the auspices of
the Education and Labor commit
tee of the House of Representatives
to gather data on federal or cen
tral government educational aid
‘We do not have in this country,
a concept of federal aid for educa
tion,” he said, “and as a result,
the bills on that subject get bog
ged down in a morass of ignor
ance.” He said after the e -tion
he would compile a report for pub
lication by the committee, and
append his own recommendations
to it.
I will suppmt ana campaign .
strongly for the top Republican
ticket, for President Eisenhower
and, of course, for Vice-President
Nixon,” Powell said.
Besaiged By Nawtman
He arrived at the White House
for his three o’clock appointment
just as Princess Grace nee Grace
Kelly of movie fame, and Prince
Ranier of Monaco were leaving
following an audience with Presi
dent Eisenhower. Like them, he
was beseiged by reporters and
cameramen for newspaper, news
reels, and television both inside
and outside of the Executive Man
Tentatively, Mr. Powell said, he
plans to organize an interracial
“Independent Democrats for Eis
enhower” to aid in the campaign
on a national basis.
Right-To-Vot* Vital
"This decision of mine,” the
congressman explained, “is one of
conscience. On the right-to-vote
question, we cannot talk about the
denial of the vote behind the Iron
Curtain and justify its denial be
hind the Dark Curtain in this na
Stand Up, Be Counted
A reporter asked, “do you think
you can sway the bulk of Harlem’s
vote to Mr. Eisenhower?” Powell
replied: "I don’t know, but I will
do my best to sway every possible
voter to back the President. I
hope people are not blindly Demo- ~
cratic. This is the time for men
to stand up and be counted. I
must live with myself, and so I
can take the risk of possible politi
cal reprisal without too much con
Lillie P. Wheeler
Mrs. Lillie P. Wheeler, 39
years, 2508 Blondo Street, passed
away Friday afternoon October
19th at a local hospital. Mrs.
Wheeler had been a resident of
Omaha twelve years and served
on the Usher Board of the Salem
Baptist Church where she was a
faithful member.
Mrs. Wheeler is survived by her
husband, Mr. Jehue Wheeler, two
sons, Lorian Moss, Walter Wheel
er, mother, Mrs. Elouise Lee, of
Omaha; father, the Rev. C. H.
Trotter, Columbus, Ohio; step
father, Mr. Cary Lee, Omaha; one
bister, Mrs. Alberta Kitt, Omaha;
step sister, Mrs. Estela Gross, De
troit, Michigan, grand son, Albert
Lee Moss, two nephews, John and
Wesly Kitt, niece, Althea Kitt,
cousin, Mrs. Lois Jackson, broth
er-in-law, Mr. Lawrence Kitt, all
of Omaha. Tentatively funeral
services have been set for ten
o’clock Saturday morning October
27th from the Salem Baptist
Church with the Rev. J. C. Wade
officiating. Thomas Funeral Home