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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (June 15, 1956)
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Civil Rights For Negroes and Labor
The AFL-CIO Textile Workers Union had four of its organizers
beaten up by several thugs outside the Limestone Mills of the Lowen
stein Manufacturing Company in Gaffney, S. C. According to a report j
in the AFL-CIO News of March 24, 1956, all four men were badly
beaten. One of i.tae men was severely injured.
The Textile W orkers Union reports that its request for federal
intervention was turned down by the Department of Justice, because
under the present law the Department alleges that it has no authority
to act against private individuals who deny other individuals their
civil rights. By this method individual members of the White Councils
take the law into their own hands with a view to preventing labor and
Negroes from exercising their civil rights of free speech and free
assembly. Labor organizers and Negroes are without the protection
of the law under the claim of the Department of Justice that it has
do legal authority to intervene against individuals who may violate
the civil rights of other individuals.
Therefore, unless civil rights legislation is enacted to overcome
this legal vacuum, Negroes and trade unionists will remain victims
of persecution, violence and lynch law by the White Citizens Councils
who are just as much opposed to labor as they are to Negro citizens.
In the opinion of the American Civil Liberties Union, if an a
mendment to the civil rights legislation is adopted permitting federal
action against private persons, it would serve notice on those who
use violence against labor organizers and Negroes rather than employ
methods of discussion, that the use of such force will not go unpunish
ed by the Federal government
Because of the fact that labor and the Negro in the South must
arise together as free men or hang together as victims of southern
racial reaction, intolerance, bigotry and prejudice, the trade union
movement and Negro organizations out of enlightened self-interest
must unite and fight to win civil rights.
While the White Citizen Councils under the inspiration of Sen
ator James O. Eastland may rave and rant about white supremacy,
upon closer examination and scrutiny it will be found that they are
not as much opposed to Negro rights as they are afraid of the growth
and development of a strong and independent trade union movement
in the South, enactment of fair and just civil rights legislation and the
rise of independent, liberal and agressive white leaders in education,
church and other areas of southern life.
Congratulations to Liberia's Tubman
It was encouraging to read a dispatch by the Associated Press of
May 2, to the effect that President William V. S. Tubman of Liberia
had turned down a Soviet suggestion that he visit Russia. The very
fact that Soviet diplomats are making overtures to the Liberian leader
to get him to accept communist Russia’s hospitality indicates that the
wily agents of the Kremlin have designs on the little African republic.
It would, indeed, be tragic were Liberia to be caught in the embrace
%,! the sinister clutches of the communist Russian bear. , . .
Although Liberia may not have made much progress in the field
of economics, politics, education and social and industrial engineering,
it were better that she move in the orbit of free national communities
under the guidance of the United States than that she be beguiled
by roseate and fabulous Russian pledges and become one of the
satellites of the Russian communist slave world. We consider that
President Tubman has used sober, sane and sound judgement in keep
ing away from the Soviet Union’s influences.
Now, in order that Liberia may move at a more desirable rate
progress in the development of her industrial economic life, it is
the obligation of the United States of America to give this little coun
try not only greater financial help but more extensive technological
aid and cooperation.
The 'Carrot* Approach to Integration
AN INTIMATE MESSAGE FROM WASHINGTON
By Richard L. Stout
If I life my glance from my typewriter and look out across Penn
sylvania Avenue, I can see a glint of gray-blue water a mile or so
away (over the red tile roof of the enormous Commerce Department
Building) and that is the Potomac River. On the other side of the
river is Fairfax County, Virginia, an area that apparently is willing
to go ahead with integration of schools. But Fairfax County is in a
state where (although its ratio of Negro population is lower than that
in the District of Columbia) integration is frowned upon. (The District
of Columbia, incidentally, has integrated its schools and is a practical
example both of the difficulties and possibilities involved.)
Well, Representative Stewart L. Udall (D) of Arizona lives over in
Fairfax County. He comes from a state which maintained dual school
systems until the Supreme Court ruled them illegal. And now Mr.
Udall comes forward with a moderate, middle-road proposal which is
attracting much attention. It is an application of the ancient idea of
using a carrot instead of a stick.
Why shouldn’t the federal government, he asks, pay some of the
heavy costs of school integration in those areas which are willing to
undertake it? Why not drop the punitive features of the so-called
Powell amendment (by Representative Adam C. Powell (D) of New
York, barring states from federal school aid which continue segrega
tion) and substitute the proposals of the “Udall amendment,” to have
the federal government help meet the costs of integration?
Mr. Udall told the House about his proposal last Feb. 21; a House
labor sub-committee has just this week approved it It’s now or
never for the pending $1.6 billion federal aid to school construction
bill. If it doesn’t pass in the next two months it will be lost for this
Congress. Educationalists call America’s over-crowded schools a dis
grace, but the chances of getting the pending bill through hinge very
largely on whether the “stick” approach is tried (the Powell amend
ment) or the “carrot” approach (the Udall amendment).
The thing that stands out in the District of Columbia experience
with integration is that the schools for Negroes that were supposed
to be “separate but equal” were not in fact; that the educational
standards of the Negro students were well below those of the whites;
and that integration means a big new cost unless the whole Washing
ton school system is to be leveled down.
Here is the start of the argument Mr. Udall advances. Southern
states built up a dual school system believing it legal (as it was for
58 years). Now it is suddenly illegal and a great many old school
buildings will have to be abandoned and a lot of new ones built, let
alone other costs. ___ - — —— ■j—
Doesn’t the nation owe an obligation to meet part of this cost?
Wouldn’t the application of some of the proposed new school con
struction money to this purpose—say $25 to $50 million annually — be
warmhearted testimony to areas concerned that the rest of the coun
try appreciates their difficulties and stands behind them?
Mr. Udall recalls that, for a while, Representative Powell thought
of withdrawing his own punitive amendment if the Udall proposal
were adopted as a substitute. That compromise fell through. But
the Udall idea still stands.
A feature of Mr. Udall’s proposal is that local school districts
would be allowed to apply direct to Washington for aid irrespective of
the official attitude of their state as a whole. Obviously few districts
would apply in some southern states. But Mr. Undall now has evi
dence that a lot of marginal areas, willing to apply local option, like
the idea very much.
Dr. Clifford Blackburn, Superintendent of Schools, North Little
Rock, Arkansas, for example, said it would aid many districts. Dr.
Oscar V. Rose, Superintendent of Schools in Midwest City, Oklahoma,
writes Mr. Udall that he and Dr. Oliver Hodge, state superintendent,
think the proposal of “inestimable value.”
Again Dr. Robert R. Martin, Kentucky school superintendent,
writes that the plan has “outstanding merit and value.” It is not in
tegration itself but the cost of integration, Dr. Martin points out, that
puts a terrible burden on many small affected areas.
See in' Stars
By Dolores Calvin
New York (CNS) GARNER OUT j
OF HOSPITAL AS BELAFONTE
ENTERS_Erroll Garner — the !
jazz pianist — was finally pro-j
nounced in good enough health to !
be realeased from Lenox Hill Hos- ’
pital to start working again. He'
had suffered injuries in a New
York taxi accident and was told
to rest until his San Francisco date
started June 15th.
But while Garner is up and out.
Harry Belafonte went on the sick
list. He had to cancel out at the >
Waldorf Astoria and let Hilde-!
garde take over. Harry has anj
acute laryngitic infection and had
to go through an operation. Doc
tors ordered him to rest a month 1
before he starts back to singing.
Pearl Bailey was among the top j
calibre stars to entertain President
Eisenhower just before his latest j
illness. All were commenting
how fit he looked and how much ;
he laughed at Miss Bailey ar.d Bob
Hope, whose jokes were hilarious. I
Pearl even waved at Eisenhower j
and he waved back. That night lie
was strickened with the abdominal
Eartha Kitt is doing a spectacu
lar for the British television fans.
It’s from her Broadway starring
role “Mrs. Patterson” and will
“live” for ninety minutes long. . .
“Carmen Jones” opened again on
Broadway — this time with Muriel
Smith who was one of the two
Muriels in the original lead ten
years ago. The musical is still top
drawer and all critics agreed. |
Maxine Sullivan celebrated 20
years in showbusiness by an ap
pearance on the Woolworth Hour
on radio. Doesn’t seem that long
that the petite star has been a
Katherine Dunham has in mind
big things. She’s in Tokyo, Japan
now on her way for an Australian
tour. Following there, she hopes
to return to Japan and do some
special performances with her
Sammy Davis, Jr. continues to
roll in “Mr. Wonderful.” Tile
house is one of Broadway’s big
gest, yet it does %ths capacity
business with Sammy plugging
as hard as .he does to overcome
the adverse critics. Now that
he’s proved his point, it shouldn't
be long before Sammy heads for
the night club circuit.
The “Porgy and Bess” crew fin
ally got home via a chartered
plane —from so much roaming
overseas. They made quite an im
pression abroad and raised the
standard of the American Negro
to thinking Europeans who imag
ined us the lowliest of the low.
Plus the cast made money in a
Todd Duncan, the baritone of
“Porgy and Bess” in the old days
and a former member of the facul
ty of Howard University, received
an honorary degree from the Uni
versity at its 88th commencement
exercise. Dr. Mordecai Johnson
made the presentation himself.
Boy, 11, Drowns
James Daniel Rave, 11 years,
2918% R. Street, was drowned
Sunday evening June 10th while
wading in Carter Lake. Jimmie
with his sister, Carol Wolf, Win
nebago, Nebraska had been taken
to the lake by his uncle and aunt,
Mr. and Mrs. Grover Dailey,
2914% R. Street. Mrs. Dailey
said the lad went under whil®
wading shortly before six o’clock.
She said she had repeatedly
warned the children to be careful.
She said she called for help from
anyone who could swim. Jimmie
was pulled from the lake by a
girl swimmer. He was given
first aid and placed in an iron
lung by the North Side Rescue
Squad and worked with over an
hour to no avail. James is sur
vived by his parents. Mr. and Mrs.
Samuel Rave, Omaha, three sis
ters, Carol, Esther Wolf, Winne
bago, Mrs. Anna Blacksmith, 0
maha, brother, Carlow Wolf, Win
nebago, uncle nd aaunt, Mr. and
Mrs. Grover Dailey, Omaha. The
body was removed Monday after
noon from Thomas Funeral Home
to Racely Funeral Home, Winne
Funeral services have been
set for two o’clock Wednesday
afternoon from Dutch Reform
Church with burial in Winnebago
The petroleum industry sup
plied enough fuel and power last
year to supply the petroleum
needs of the Gay Nineties for 50
A few drops of OUTGRO® bring blessed
relief from tormenting pain of ingrown nail.
OUTGRO toughens the skin underneath the
nail, allows the nail to be cat and thus pre
vents farther pain and discomfort. OUTGRO
is available at all drag counters,
HIM Til HI*
MIT, IMIIT Will
• IMIU lit HIM
nun n mu.
. liMMtiMMiaMiMaM—- mm
Clip This Coupon and Send for
OVERTON HYGENIC MFG. CO.
3653 S. State Street
Chicago 9 HL
male or female, from this area, wanted to service and collect
from automatic vending machines. No Selling. Age not es- *
sential. Car, references and $289.00 to $579.00 Investment ,
necessary. 5-12 hours weekly nets $125.00 to $250.00 monthly, i
Possibility full time work. For local interview give full partic- t
ulars, phone. Write P.O. Box 7047, Minneapolis, Minnesota. |
Article in Readers Digest Reveals
Jittery Pre-Menstrual Tension
Is So Often a Needless Misery!
Do you suffer terrible nervous ten- stopped ... or strikingly relieved
sion — feel jittery, irritable, de- ... pain and discomfort! 3 out of 4
pressed — just before your period women got glorious relief!
each month? A startling article in Taken regularly, Pinkham’s re
READER’S DIGEST reveals such lieves the headaches* cramps, nerv
pre-menstrual torment is needless ous tension ... during and be/ore
misery in many cases! your period. Many women never
Thousands have already discov- suffer—even on the first day! Why
ered how to avoid such suffering, should you? This month, start tak
With Lydia Pinkham’s Compound ing Pinkham’s. See if you don’t
and Tablets, they’re so much hap- escape pre-menstrual tension., so
pier, less tense as those “difficult often the cause of unhappiness'.
has a remarkable
soothing effect on
the source of such
distress. In doctors’
la doctors' tests ea arasiiag
product, 3 aat ef 4 women get
reBef of eereons distress, pain!
Wonderful relief dariaf aad
before these “difficult days"!
Get Lydia E.
table Compound ...
or convenient new
Tablets which have
added. At druggists. ;
•by noted doctor |
Mrs. Josephine Harris, age 87
years, of 2424 Caldwell Street,
expired Monday June 4, 1956 at
the home of her nephew, Leon
Ray, in Chicago, Illinois, where
she had been residing since Feb
She was an Omaha resident
over 60 years and was a member
of Zion Baptist Church for over
40 years, having served on the
Senior Deaconess board for many
years. She was also an Honorary
Member of the Welcome Circle
of Zion Baptist Church.
Mrs. Harris is survived by her
brother, William P. Ray of Tope
ka, Kansas; niece, Mrs. Florine
Baptiste, nephew, Leon Ray;
grandnephew, Hobert L. Ray all
of Chicago, Illinois and a host of
greatnieces, greatnephews and
Funeral services were held
Friday June 8, 1956 at 2:00 p.m.
from the Zion Baptist Church
with Rev. F. C. Williams officia
ting assisted by Rev. Booker
Oliver. Interment was in the
family plot at Forest Lawn Ceme
Pallbearers Messrs. Thomas
Holt, C. P. Williams, Harrison
Brown and Erwin Jefferson.
Myers Brothers Funeral Ser
“The nations of Europe should
be told that the United States
doesn’t have an inexhaustible
supply of money and materials,”
says a congresman. From the
view point of m?ny, his state
ment is on the brink of being un
515 West 143rd Street
New York City
June 8th, 1956
Dear Fellow Ex-G.Is,
I, your former Red Cross Club
Director, stationed in Corsica,
War Two. Later in post-war oc
cupied Germany I was in Schwan
awiede near Bremen, Germany. I
would like to hear from each of
you. Please write to me and tell
me what you are doing and all a
bout your families. What has hap
pened to you during these past
12 or 13 years since you left the
army and overseas? I am still the
old lady that tried to mother y ou
when you were that far from
Mrs. Alice B. Shaw
Improved drilling equipment
and techniques enbale oil men to
drill wells over nine times as fast
today as they did thirty years
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A Bottle of Roberts Milk Is A
Ballot for Collective Bargaining
As of this coming fall, Roberts Dairy will have been the
only Omaha dairy bargaining collectively regard i n g
wages at any time during the past twenty years.
We do sincerely appreciate the business so generously
given us by union members. Nevertheless, we must ask
for still more patronage for these reasons.
1. We compete with companies controlled economically
only by the Wage and Hour Law. Or by such addi
tional laws as control those companies in interstate
2. And the difference in cost is startling.
3. Besides objecting to spending the hard cash necessary
to offer a union scale, some of these competitors
contend that they object in principle to collective
bargaining with either farm or labor groups, accord
ing to leaders of both groups.
Some sincerely believe that wealth may be created only
by the hoarding of a few, rather than through the
sharing with many.
The question now faces people of this area whether
wages in the dairy industry shall be determined es
sentially by the Wage and Hour Law or by collective
Your Purchase of Roberts Products Can
Help Determine the Answer.
_ « i - ■' 11 -fcfiH —J -Ti - 1
W - v - — 111 —
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'Roberts Dairy Company
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