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Vol. 29 No. 13 Friday, May 27, 1955 10c Per Copy
Mary McLeod Bethune, A
Great Educator, Dies In
Florida At The Age Of 79
(From Time Magazine)
“Be a Daniel!”
She was a Negro and virtually
a pauper, but plucky little Mary
McLeod Bethune was also a
dreamer. In 1904, with only $1.50
in cash, she started a school for
Negro girls in Daytona Beach,
Fla., and then she wanted none
other than Soap Tycoon James N.
Gamble, son of the founder of
Proctor & Gamble, to be a trus
tee. “But where,” asked Gamble
as he gazed at her shacklike
building on the former city dump
known as Hell’s Hole, “is this
school of which you wish me to
be a trustee?” “In my mind,” re
plied Mary Bethune. “And in my
James Gamble soon learned
that nothing on earth could stop
Mary Bethune. She not only got
her school, she also became
something of a legend in her life
time. A devout Methodist, she
would start each morning with a
prayer, e. g., “With this new day,
O God, let some new strength be
mine.” And each day, some new |
strength was indeed hers, until
Mary Bethune became known
throughout the nation as the
First Lady of her race.
Piercing Eyes. The daughter of
two former slaves and one of 17
children, she was born in a log
cabin near Mayesville, S. C. At
nine she could pick as much as
250 lbs. of cotton a day; at eleven
she began her daily five-mile
trudge to school at a small Pres
byterian mission. At 15, she
boarded a train for the first time
in her life and set off for the
Scotia Seminary in Concord, N. C.,
and later to the Moody Bible fn
stitute in Chicago. There she
found herself the only Negro in a
sea of strangers. “White people’s
eyes pierced me,” said she.
“Some of them were kind eyes;
others would like to be but were
After graduation she taught in
Georgia, married a fellow school
teacher, Albert Bethune, moved
on to Daytona Beach. By that
time she already had plans for a
school of her own. To raise
money, she baked sweet potato
pies and sold them from door to
door. She peddled fried fish,
sang in local hotels. She borrow
ed a shack, collected boxes for
furniture, squeezed elderberries
for ink, used charcoal slivers for
pencils. When the Daytona Nor
mal and Industrial Institute open
ed, its student body was five
girls and her son.
With the help of James Gamble
and other men of means, it grew
into a flourishing secondary
school and later, after merging
with the neighboring Cookman
Institute for Men ,into a full
fledged four-year coeducational
campus. Bethune-Cookman’s as
sets rose to more than $3,500,000.
its enrollment to 750, its faculty
to 52. Meanwhile, Mrs. Bethune
was making a name for herself in
other ways. “Be a Daniel!” she
urged her followers. “Take the
vow of conraee ”
“I Believe in You.” Her plump
figure, invariably supported by a
favorite cane, became a familiar
one at Negro rallies throughout
the U. S. She founded the Na
tional Council of Negro Women
(more than 800,000 members, was
special adviser to Franklin Roose
velt on minority problems (“Mrs.
Bethune, I believe in you”), serv
ed as special assistant to the Sec
retary of War on WAC training.
In all her work, she was a symbol
and part of the progress of the
Negro race itself. “Now,” she
once said, “I have come to the
point where I can embrace all
humanity—not just the people of
my race or another race. I just
Last week, when Mary Bethune
died in Daytona Beach at 79, just
one year after the U. S. Supreme
Court’s decision against segrega
tion in the schools, she had seen
her greatest dream come true.
"There is,” she once said, “no
such thing as Negro education—
only education. I want my people
to prepare themselves bravely for
life, not because they are Neg
roes, but because they are men.”
The one right we all have is
the right to be wrong.
Unless we wrestle mightily for
the liberties of others, we shall
not preserve our own.
Every time you turn green with
«nvy, you’re ripe for trouble.
Show June 5th
Gardenia Garden Club will have
its annual spring flower show
Sunday, June 5th at Zion Baptist
Church, 2215 Grant St. in the
first unit of the church. The
public is invited. No admission.
Time 3 to 7 P.M.
Mrs. Thearis Niley, President
Hobart Allen, age 53 years, of
2624 Hamilton St., died of suf
focation Thursday, May 19, 1955
as the result of 'a cave-in of a
dirt embankment while laying a
He was an Omaha resident 29
years and was preceded in death
by his wife, Hattie B. Allen, who
died in October of 1950.
He is survived by two brothers,
John and Theodore; sister, Mrs.
Hazel McDonald, Chicago, 111.;
niece, Mrs. Deloris Baring, Des
Funeral sendees were held
Monday, May 23, 1955 at 2:00 p.m.
from the Myers Funeral Home
Chapel with Rev. J. H. Reynolds
officiating. Interment was at
Forest Lawn Cemetery.
Pallbearers were Messrs Cecil
Williams, Isiah Davis, James K.
Banks, Charles Turner, Jack Ham
ilton and Leo Moore.
Omaha Guide’s roving reporter
on the phone.
We called Mrs. J. Smith at
2711 Chares St. and we were
happy to hear her say that she is
a subscriber to the Omaha Guide
and has enjoyed reading the col
lumns for many many years.
The roving reporter asked Mrs
Smith for a news item( explain
ing in details that we were hun
gary for pedsonal local news
items from our subscribers. Mrs.
Smith said she w^ould keep her
eyes open from now on and if
any local news was in her neigh
borhood sha would be glad to call
To Chest Fund
Mrs. Pearl C. Anderson, widow
of the late Dr. J. W. Anderson,
recently gave property worth at
least $200,000 to the Dallas Coun
ty Community Chest Trust fund.
The property includes four
buildings, a parking lot and three
garages. In the instrument of
conveyance, the prominent citi
zen expressed preference that the!
property be used “regardless oi l
race, color or creed, for the care
of needy men, women and child
ren, and for aiding, reformation
or relief for victims of narcotic
drugs, intoxicating liquor, re
leased inmates of penal and re
formatory institutions, wayward
or delinquent children or adults.”
Girl 12, Wins
Winner of the Baltimore Sun
papers annual spelling bee, out
lasting fifty other contestants,
is Gloria Lockerman, 12-year
old eighth grade pupil at Booker
T. Washington Junior High
The tiny colored girl, first of
her race to win the coveted honor
is the granddaughter of the Rev..
and Mrs. Vivian T. Key. The
Rev. Mr. Key is the pastor of the
Lothian, Md. Methodist Church.
Viewers saw Gloria’s lips
working before spelling each word
she was given, with her head
bowed and eyes closed. She said ^
later, “I would bow my head and
ask the Lord to give me strengh
to spell the next word.”
Her prize consisted of a gold
medal and $200.00 in cash for the j
Mrs. Hazel McKee, age 49 years,
of 3870 Harney St, expired Wed
nesday afternoon, May 18, 1955 at
a local hospital. She was an O
maha resident eight years and
was a Jehovah Witness.
She is survived by -her hus
band, George McKee of Omaha;
son, Herbert Scaife of Milwaukee,
Funeral services were held Sat
urday, May 21 at 10:00 a.m. from
the Myers Funeral Home chapel
with Brother L. D. Kenoly of
ficiating. Interment was at Grace
land Park Cemetery.
Pallbearers were Messrs Joe
Flowers, McHenry Jones, Hardy
Prayer, Winfield Raglin, Robert
L. Washington and Neal Sampson.
Sun. May 29
Memorial services will be held
Sunday, May 29th at 11* a.m.
PLACE: Calvin Memorial Presby
terian Church, 24th and Wirt St.
All members of the Post, Ladies
Auxiliary members and War!
Mothers are requested to be pres
We will assemble at the Legion
Lounge, 24th and Parker St. at
Let us remember our sick in
V. A. Hospital. They are Dr. W.
W. Peebles, James C. Greer, Ton.
Jones and John Jones.
Let us always keep our oath
and obligation to our needy com
rades, thereby fulfilling our
sacred pledge to God and Country
and our fellowman.
J. L. Taylor, Commander
Burns H. Scott, Adjutant
N. H. Cowan, Pub. Officer
P. S. Sorry to report the illness
of Mr. N. H. Cowan.
Mr. Ralph Underwood, of 2539
Burdette, one of Omaha’s well
known business men and for a
long time an active in the Amer
ican Legion, has been ordered to
bed because of a serious illness.
We hope for him an early re
purchase of booys for her school,
plus the opportunity of repre
senting the Baltimore region in
the national finals to be held in
Washington May 16th to 21st.
Bennett College Commencement
Principals in and scene of 82nd
annual commencement exercises
to be held at Bennett College,
Greensboro, N. C., May 29-30.
| Dr. Scott will deliver the bacca
laureate address at 4 p.m. on Sun
day, May 29 in Annie Merner
Pfeiffer Chapel and Dr. Murray
will make the commencement ad
dress at exercises which will be
gin at 10:30 a.m., Monday, May 30
Dr. David D. Jones, president ol
the college, will preside on both
P 1|| I | ' ■
Joseph Cole Returns
From Town Hall Triumph
A baritone turned tenor, Joseph
Cole, recently gave a successful
Town Hall recital. Mr. Cole also
has appeared in recital in Chicago
and other cities. Critics of both
New York and Chicago were gen
erous in their praise of his voice.
In the above picture Cole is seen
returning from his New York
engagement. Accompanying him
are his wife and an unidentified
person. The trio is about to step
off the airliner on which he re
Director Kendrick Wilson of
the Omaha -Community Playhouse
who has a penchant for turning
up the right talent for certain
parts, came up with a corker to
day. Playing the ingenue in the
forthcoming production of “The
Country Girl”, will be Jane Fon
da, the 17-year-old daughter of
Henry Fonda who stars in the
This will be the first profes
sional appearance for Miss Fonda
who is now studying dramatics at
the Emma Willard school in Troy,
New York. She has had roles in
school phoductions of “The Riv
als” and “Everyman.”
The casting of Miss Fonda is a
story in itself. She put in a long
distance phone call to Wilson on
Sunday and requested an audition.
The Omaha dirertor had met her
several years ago and remember
ed thalj she looked the part. For
twenty minutes the Omaha- New
York wires buzzed wih lines from
“The Country Girl” and, before
she hung up, Jane had the prom
ise of the role if it met with her
This as it turned out, was not
too easy to secure. Fonda, now
on the West iCoast. was contacted
and expressed an initial reluctance
However, Dorothy McGuire, with
whom he will co-star in Omaha,
convinced him that Jane’s debut
on the same stage that gave him
his start would be good for her
and for the show. The Omaha
born actress reports that the
father seemed secretly pleased at
the proceedings which go one
step further than the first per
formances of the daughters of
Helen Hayes and Mary Martin.
Ken Wilson said that the part
ihad him worried and the appear
| ance of Jane Fonda on the scene
bordered on the miraculous. The
understudy in this role will be
selected from a group of local
actresses now reading for the
“The Country Girl” will be pre
sented at the Music Han of the
Civic Auditorium beginning or
Young men between the ages of
25 and 40 are needed as assistant
field directors at military install
ations, it was announced today by
Miss Beth Bruce, Director of Per
onnel. Red Cross Midwestesn
Red Cross assistant field dir
ector serve as a link betweeo the
servicemen and women and their
families, and provide counseling,
emergency communication, and
assistance in helping solve per
sonal and family problems related
to the military service for the
personnel they serve, Miss Bruce
Applicants for the positions
should have a college degree in
social work, social studies, or re
lated fields, and must be willing
to accent assignment wherever
needed in the world. The start
ing salary for new applicants will
be determined according to back
ground and experience. New em
ployees normally spend one year
in military installations some
where in the Midwestern Area
before becoming eligible for
Miss Bruce said that a normal
overseas tour is for two years.
Dependents may join employees
overseas, whenever housing is
available, and transportation and
maintenance are provided for the
family while enroute.
For all assistant field dirertors
assigned overseas, the Red Cross
pays maintenance and makes
travel arrangements without cost
to the employee.
Men interested in receiving
further information on these
openings should write to the Di
rector of Personnel Service, Na
tional Midwestern Area Office, j
American National Red Cross, |
4050 Lindell Blvd., St. Louis 8,1
Missouri, or contact their nearest
Red Cross chapter.
The Omaha Guide’s roving re
porter. On the phone.
Reporter called Mrs. Travis of
2718 Caldwell for a local news
item. Mrs. Travis had to call her
off guard. She couldn’t think
of a thing but Mrs. Travis prom
ised to become her neighborhood
roving reporter. She will call in
each week, and give us the news
of her neighborhood.
3rd Annual Vanity Show
At Omaha Uni. Fieldhouse
Saturday Eve.f May 28th
Mrs. Salina Townsend, age 49
years, of 2621 Burdette St., ex
pired Saturday, May 21, 1955 at a
local hospital. She was an Oma
ha resident ten years.
She is survived by her son, Wil
lie Smith, Los Angeles, Calif.;
three brothers, A. Toles, Ft.
Smith, Ark., Sam Toles, Los An
geles, Calif., and Bill Toles, Bris
Funeral arrangements pending.
Myers Brothers Service.
3rd Negro Is Grad
At Naval School
Hi.... ..M.. r 1 rrtWWr Vi ■»■*<**> i
Chicago — Lucius Gregg was in
a class of 788 “middies” who were
graduated rroui tne ir.s.A. ivavai
Academy at Annapolis, Md., in
the class of ’55. Gregg, thus be
came the third Negro to be com
missioned from the famed school.
He is the son of Mrs. Rachel Jack
son Gregg of Chicago. Cong.
William L. Dawson appointed him
to the Academy. (ANP)
Mrs. Clara Wilson
Mrs. Clara M. Wilson, 36 years i
3120 Maple Street, expired Fri- ■
day May 20th at a local hospital;
Mrs. Wilson had been a resident
of Omaha thirty-four years. She
is survived by her husband; Mr.
J. B. Wilson, mother-in-law Mrs.
Ledressa Wills. Funeral services
were held Thursday afternoon
from the Peoples Mission Church,
1710 North 26th Street with bur
ial at Mt. Hope Cemetery and ar
rangements by Thomas Mortuary.
Mrs. M. Marshall
Mrs. Myrtle L. Marshal^ 48
years, passed away Saturday
morning May 21 at her home
after an extended illness. Mrs.
Marshall had been a resident of
Omaha twenty-six years and was
a member of Mt. Nebo Baptist
Church where she served on the
Usher Board until her health fail
Mrs. Marshall is survived by
her husband, Mr. George R. Mar
shall, mother-in-law Mrs. Hettie
Marshall of Omaha and other re
latives. Funeral services were
held Wednesday afternoon from
Mt. Nebo Baptist Church with
the Rev. Claude Williams offici
ating. Burial was at Mt. Hope
Cemetery with arrangements by
Mr. Irene Polk Martin, 1955
winner of the Ideal Mother of the
Year, sponsored by the Balti
more Afro-American newspapers
and the first Marylander to win
the coveted honor is a noted
Mrs. Martin, the mother of
twelve shildren—six boys and sir
girls — is a member of the Met
ropolitan Method)^ Church,
here, of which the Rev. Charles
D. Gerald is the pastor. Her
husband, Louis H. Martin, retire
ed county agricultural agent, and
the first Negro to receive the
appointment in the state more
than thirty-five years ago, is the
lay leader of the Metropolitan
TO ALL SCHOOL PRINCI
PALS, SCHOOL SAFETY PAT
ROL SPONSORS, SCHOOL SAFE
TY PATROL MEMBERS:
* We wish to extend to you a
cordial invitation to be our guest
at the THIRD ANNUAL VAR
IETY SHOW for the members of
the School Safety Patrols, Princi
pals and Sponsors.
The place-^Omaha University
Field House. The address—62nd
and Dodge Streets. The day—Sat
urday. The date—May 28, 1955.
The time—10:00 A.M., sharp.
Your promptness, on this oc
casion, at the appointed time, will
permit the THIRD ANNUAL
VARIETY SHOW at the Omaha
University Field House to start
on schedule. This will allow
plenty of time for our party.
Your OMAHA SCHOOL SAFE
TY PATROL IDENTIFICATION
CARD will be honored for admit
tance to the show and will also
permit FREE TRANSPORTA
TION ON BUSES between the
hours of 8:00 A.M. and 4:00 P.M.
A variety of refreshments will
be furnished, and members of the
High School Traffic Council will
assist the Members of the CTtnaha
Police Department with the serv
This THIRD ANNUAL VAR
IETY SHOW is being shown for
all School Principals, School Safe
ty Patrol Sponsors and School
Safety Patrol members, to show
our appreciation for the fine
spirit of performance and co
operation in the past . It is hoped
that you will attend.
We have marked off May 28,
1955, on our desk calendars, as
auc at the gala days of the year.
We are looking forward with keen
anticipation and pleasure to
meeting you there. DON’T DIS
Henry Boesen, Com. of
Police and Public Safety
Harry M. Green, Chief of
The roar of jets will mingle with
the sharp “ping” of BB guns at
Strategic Air Command Head
quarters, Sunday, May 29th.
The Omaha Safety Council and
Offutt Air Force Base will be
host to 350 junior marksmen in
the annual Firearm Safety Tour
nament in the base gym.
Dick Stork, chairman of the
Safety iCouncil’s BB gun com
mittee says 28 clubs from Omaha,
Council Bluffs, Bellevue, Ralston
and Offutt, will be represented.
Two all-girl clubs will compete
along with mixed groups from
other clubs, but all eyes will be
on the Hickory Street clubbers.
These youngsters took team hon
ors at the tournament last year
and later this spring, won the
first National Rifle Association
postal match, nation-wide.
The meet begins at one p.m,
with 28 contestants shooting at
one time. As the afternoon pro
gresses, Offutt will provide be
tween-shoots entertainment such
as a judo exhibition, fencing, and
a trampoline act. A jet will be
parked for close observation.
The tournament is open free to
the public andJ Air Police will be
on hand to direct traffic and
Prizes will include team troph
ies and individual awards.
Mrs. Emma Craft
Mrs. Emma Craft, 70 years,
1518 north 18th Street, passed
away Thursday May 19th at a
local hospital. Mrs. Craft had
been a resident of Omaha four
teen years and was a member of
the Jehovah Witness. She is sur
vived by one son, Mr. Charley
Craft, sister, Mrs. Hettie Smith,
brother, Mr. Elijah Tarrance,
niece , Maxine Nedd, nephew
! George Smith, Jr., two grand
i children and other relatives,
j Funeral services were held Mon
day afternoon May 23rd from
Thomas Funeral Home with
Brother L. D. Kenoly officiating.
Pall bearers, Mr. Winfield Rag
lin, Wm. Weir field, Richard
Jones. R. Knutson, James Cowans
Lillard Kenoly. Burial was at
Mt. Hope Cemetery.
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