The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, September 13, 1947, Image 2

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Thyrgood Marshall Hi Segregation
ITHEY1L NEVER DIE gfegflftyjjyj
BORN 107 YEARS AGO IN gi
? TENN. OF SLAVE PARENTS 1
I RUPUB PERRY MANAGED 1
I TO ATTEND SCHOOL FOR 1
FREE NEGROES IN NASH- §
VILLI* HE WAS SEIZED 1
AND SOLD AGAIN, BUT ES* 4
CAPED TO CANADA /
AT 2\ HE BECAME AN
ORDAINEr MINISTER ANO
PASTOREO IN ONTARIO,CAN
ADA, AS WELL AS BUFFALO,
NEW YORK - REVEREND
PERRY'S LITERARY TALENT
ENABLED HIM TO EDIT “THE
SUNBEAM* AND THE TTY.
BAPTIST WEEKLY* a
HE ALSO WROTE MOST A
PROFOUNDLY ON THE. T JW\
HISTORY OF THE NEfrRO >2
AND THE SOLUTION TO
HIS VARIED AND COMPLEX S
PROBLEMS/
Coadiiengr^J^.),__
Mutism. ETHHOLMHT,
AMD STUOEMT OF HISTORY
URBAN LEAGUE FELLOWS
ESTABLISH FELLOWSHIP
One of the unique events of the
conference was a meeting of Ur
ban League Fellows, men and
women who have received edu
cational assistance through fel
lowships from the National Ur
ban League, which resulted in a
decision to establish a $1000 fel
Iowship. The grant is to be foum
ished by the group and is to be
administered through the Nation
al Urban League.
The entire conference was de
voted entirely to the improve
ment of Urban League program,
with sites set upon expanding its
services in the field of vocational
guidance, employment. housing,
education, and race relations, and
increasing its budget.
Lester B. Granger, National
Urban League Executive, making
the keynote speech of the con
ference, stated ‘‘One responsibility
of the Urban League in cities
with swollen populations is to re
cruit, train and support addition
al leadership units in the Negro
I
Sl.'K.SCKII-Tlfcof RATES:
l MONTH. id
* MONTHS.’*1.50
« months . km
* . M.M
900
VK.\R (Ont of Towi \ >4.(0
neighborhood, who because they
know the problems first hand and
are intimately acquainted with
their neighbors can help restore
the group discipline which has
broken under social pressures of
want, ignorance and greed.
“We must bring this realistic
Negro leadership," he continued
into contract with open-minded,
public-spirited and equally real
istic white people who are not
necessarily interested in Negroes
sentimentally, i but are deeply
eagejr to correct undemocratic
practice^. ^\nd tp ti-iiM .secure
ocmmunity living for all. In ad
dition, we must persuade these
leaders, both Negro and white,
to accept social responsibilities
which are specific, sometimes dif
ficult and unusually unpopular.”
The Conference recognized,
however, the excellent work of
groups of Negro and white citi
zens working together in Ameri
ca. by a resolution praising these
groups. The resolution also urged
that Negro groups in all Ameri
can communities—worker and
employer, layman and leader—
‘‘accept greater responsibility for,
and fuller activity in, improve,
ment programs affecting the total
as well as the Negro community.’’
OUr»r Frm Half
Crimson clover was Introduced
Into the united States from Italy ta
ms
m mm
i
■: ':'•' j
m?-m* |
I
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Woman Runs
Only iVegro
Finishing School
CHICAGO—Dr. Charlotte Haw
kins Brown, 68-year-old Negro
educator is featured in October
Ebony as the woman who built
America’s only finishing school
for Negroes, Palmer Memorial In
stitute at Sedalia, North Carolina
with money raised by her tears,
shoe leather, and undying faith.
“Dr. Brown virtually built the
$500,000 educational plant brick
by brick,’’ according to the Ebo
ny story which say lack of space
makes the school reject an aver
age of 600 students yearly from
Nergo America’s richest families.
“Over 300,000 of the bricks uted
in the present buildings were
made by the students themselves
on the school grounds.’’
Though the routine and regime
is strait-laced. Palmer Memorial
embodies all of the dynamic
scholastic ability and good taste
of its founder. Rated equal to any
of the high class white New
England prep schools, PMI’s list
of required subjects includes
classes in charm, sewing, music,
and choral work. Religion is
stressed, church attendance obli
gatory, and bad manners punish,
ed severely. Recently 18 seniors
were suspended because of the
use one profane word.
Despite the rigidity of her iron
clad regulations, however, Dr.
Brown is well-liked by PMI stu
dents and is very popular on the
campus. This quiet lady who has
been feted by presidents, prime
ministers and princes is known to
her students by such fond nick,
names as “The Big Wheel,”
“Madam.’ and “Doc.”
NAACP FIGHTS FOR
THREE MISSISSIPPI BOYS
NEW YORK — In a desperate
effort to secure the freedom of
three youths of Decatur. Miss.,
the National Association for the
Advancement of Colored People
has employed counsel to appeal
from the convictions of Thomas
Tingle, James Monroe Tingle, and
Henry C. Smith. The youths were
accused of attempting rape of
three white girls in Little Rock,
Miss., on the night of July 28 and
the Tingle brothers were arrested
and taken to jail in Decatur where
the police claim they confessed to
the alleged crime. Smith was tak
en to jail in Newton, Miss. The
first trial, at which the youth3
were represented by Attorney J.
Marshall Carr of Newton, Miss.,
resulted in a hung jury with sev
eral wwhite witnesses testifying
that the attempted rape did
not take place. The jury voted
eight for acquittal and four for
'lonvcition even in the face of
this evidence. At that trial, the
Tingle brothers testified that they
had been beaten brutally ahd that
their confessions were secured by
this brutality. Defendants are in
possession of blood stained cloth,
ing and show evidence of physi
cal mistreatment.
A second trial was held on Au
gust 29 where, despite the evi
dence of two white witnesses, the
youths were convicted and sen
tenced to two years in prison, an
extraordinarily low sentence for
the type of crime which they are
alleged to have committed.
An appeal to Mississippi Sup.
reme Court will be taken immedi
ately in this blatant instance of
Mississippi miscarriage of justice.
HiffB Fire loll
For many years deaths in the
United States due to fire have been
• woro«in« oroiwuJ 10 fWl *
Aloha Fhi Aloha Frat
to Convene in ISew Fork
NE WYORK, N. Y— Congress
men William Dawson of Illinois
and Adam C. Powell of New
York are scheduled to address the
public meeting of the Eastern Re
gional Convention of Alpha Phi
Alpha Fraternity which meets
here October 4-5. Paul Robeson,
world renown singer and dram
atic artist, will also grace the
program on the closing day at
3 p. m. in Abyssinia Baptist
Church.
Headquarters for the two-day
meeting will be the Harlem
Branch YMCA, 180 West 135th st.
New York City, where a pre-con
vention smoker has been arranged
for Friday night, October 3. Re
gistration will take place between
nine and 10 a. m. Saturday. Busi
ness sessions are set for 10 a. m.
and 2 p. m. the same day. How
ard Long will address the morn
ing meeting. Mrs. Edna O. Gray,
Supreme Basileus. AKA Sorority
will be the afternoon speaker.
An Alpha formal will complete
the day’s activities.
Sunday morning's session at
Abyssinia will feature a lecture
by Dr. William Gray, president
of Florida A. and M. College.
Music for the public meeting
Jl PRESCRIPTIONS
Free Delivery
Duffy Pharmacy
—WE-0609—
24<h & Lake Sts.
WARNIN !
Good Coal Will be scarce this
Winter. We suggest the filling
of Bins NOW! While good coal
is Available.
|
Lumber and
Coal Co.
PHONE WALNUT 0300 45tn & DODGE STS.
Sunday afternoon will be furnish
ed by the Philharmonic Glee Club
under th# direction of Mrs. El
freda S. Wright.
4 lively discussion of the labor
issue is expected among members
of the fraternity during consider
ation of a six.point national legis
lation program which was pre
pared last April by a committo
on public policy headed by How
ard H. Long. At that time the
committee took a stand, approved
by the fraternity, proposing Con. j
gressional action enacting a Fed-1
eral anti-lynching bill; new Fair |
Employment Practice legislation,!
possibly under a new name; a
bolishment of the electroral col
lege; limitations of the filibuster; I
and Federal aid to education.
At the same time the committee
recognized the divergent opinions
among Alpha men . concerning
the labor issue and called for
every person “to make himself
vocal on his side of the question.”
The report continued, “So far as
we are informed, the fraternity
as a whole has not taken a posi
tion on labor legislation. Each
member should feel it is liis duty
to express himself for or against
it as his conscience dictates.’
■urile Lags Promptly
Tartar mat during the growing
saaaaa rcqtdraa prompt handling te
avoid daianku-ation from decay, in
sect attacks or sap stains, exten
sioa faraataas report.
Gives A Lift
To give a nft to canned or cooked
dried fruit, squeeze orange or
grapefruit juice over the top just be
fore serving.
Land af Quarters
Africa is the land of quarters. One
quarter of its area is forest and
bushland, one quarter is grass land,
one quarter is desert and the re
maining quarter is cultivated, World
Hook pnovrloopdi* H'ceJjtcp#
Your Child's School Career May Lag
If Study Lamp Wiring Is Inadequate
Inadequate wiring can dim an adequate atud? lamp bj a* murh at 30%
pLECTRICAL wiring in the home can exert a marked- effect on the
*-• grades your child makes in school Scientifically conducted tests,
according to specialists of the National Adequate Wiring Bureau,
have established that • iu per
cent voltage loss, resulting from
too-smaU wire taxed beyond its
capacity, will cause as much as a
30 peT cent reduction in the bril
liance of a lamp.
Poor lighting causes eye strain
which In turn affects vision. And
defective vision, the specialists
point out, frequently has a dis
astrous effect on scholastic apti
tude—at least 1,200,000 boys and
girls in public schools fail each
year because 'of poor vision; the
educational age of students in
well-lighted rooms exceeds that
of students in poorly-lighted
rooms by fully 10 per cent
Thus, the specialists emphasize,
it behooves parents to have both
their wiring and their lighting
checked—by a technician from
the office of the local power sup
plier, or by a qualified electrical
contractor.
Where to Put the Outlets
It is not enough to equip the
student’s room with proper
lamps, the house wiring must be
right if the lamps are to provide
adequate illumination, the wiring
experts declare, pointing out
that when the branch circuits in
the home are too few, the re
sultant overloading of circuits
chokes off a measure of the
electricity needed at each outlet.
-- 1 -— ■
There should be • lighting branch
circuit for every 500 square feet
of floor area of the house.
Wherever studying is to be
done in the living foom or bed
room, a convenience outlet should t
be readily available for plugging
in a good study lamp. To avoid
the use of unsightly extension
cords, at the same time insuring
flexibility of furniture arrange
ment, duplex convenience outlet!
should be placed so that no poinl
along the wall at the floor line
in theSe rooms is more than six
feet from an outlet Outlets also
should be provided in wall spaces
three feet or more in length.
Supplementary Light Vital
The specialists point out that
adequate illumination for read
ing, writing and other close
visual tasks requires not only
local lighting on the object to be
seen but supplementary general
illumination throughout the room
This supplementary illumina
tion, they say, can be achieved
in a variety of ways—by using a
well-designed central ceiling fix- !
ture, by providing valance or
cove lighting, or from well-de
signed portable lamps. It is good
planning to install some fixed
lighting, controllable by a wall
switch at each main entrance, in
every room.
G^S ON TINIAN ISLE
1 SEND NAACP FUNDS
NEW YORK—‘‘The above-men
tioned donation is an initial one
and is a very small one due to
the understrength of our organi.
zation here on the island of Tin
ian. but it is to advise you that
whatever is being done for the
benefit of all mankind as well as
our race, will be backed by every
effort we can put forth.” Thus
wrote a unit of Negro GI’s sta.
tioned on a far-off atoll in the
Pacific, to Walter White, NAACP
executive secretary.
“News is not plentiful here but
we at one time or another enjoy
privileges that have been sought
and fought for by the NAACP in
[behalf of the Negro soldier. May
God bless you and the members
of the NAACP and may He grant
us power to subdue every obstacle
hindering the peace and happi
ness of mankind the world over”
continued the letter. Enclosed,
from the lonely unit, was a money
order to the NAACP for $59.25.
The collection had been taken and
the letter cooperatively compos,
ed by every man in the unit after
they'd sat around their radio in
the sweltering recreation tent on
Sunday, June 29, the hear Presi
dent Truman and Walter White
assail racial bigotry and hate at
the 38 Annual NAACP Conferer.ee
in Washington, D. C.
nr»„* m vreaaug
The wearing'of something blue at
the wedding was ancient Israelite
custom which suggested a blue rib
bon for the bride—blue being the col
or of purity, love and ftdelity.
Contractor
See Bailey First
SPECIALIZING IN PATCH WORK, PLASTERING
• BRICKLAYING CHIMNEYS AND CONCRETEING•
• RETAINING WALLS •
OFFICE—2209 NO. 22ND SI
—PHONE—AT115A—
THRIFTY LIQUOR STORE
.• WINES, BEER, LIQUORS
“We Appreciate Your Trade”
Mi & LAKE AT. 434®
LEGION POST NO. 30 TO
HOLD FIRST MEETING
SEPT .18 THURSDAY AT 8:30
Roosevelt Post No. 3# Ameri
can Legion will hold it's frist Fun
Night Thursday Sept. 18,. At 8:30
p. m. at it’s club room.
All members ex-service men and
their guest are cordially Invited
To Attend Free Lunch will be
served. Also a very special enter,
tainment wil be held.
Milton Stromile Comdr.
Millard Carr Service Offocer
e
Finhing and Hunting Area
Sun VaHey, Idaho, borders on a
hunting and fishing area as largo
as the entire nt Conneeticut.
Salt Lake
Great Salt lake has a sah con
•nt of about 24 per cent.
I _
f
Says Complete Equality of
Citizens Impossible Without
Equal Educational Chances
hew Units Being
Constructed At
Lincoln Uni.
JEFFERSON CITY, Mo.,—^Con
struction of a hospital unit and a
recreation-study center has been
begun on the campus of Lincoln
University of Missouri, designated
as Veterans Educational Facili- '
ties Project No. 23-V-9A and ap
pvroed by the Bureau of Com
munity Facilities of the Federal
Works Administration. i
hTe new infirmary, provided for
veterans and students of the Uni
versity, will have two 6 bed wards,
a diet kitchen and a utility room,
a clinic area including a waiting
room, storage room, a general of
fice and infirmary, a consulta.
tion room and two examination
and treatment rooms.
Two units will comprise the re
creation-study building and will be
connected by a connecting en
trance. One unit will be used as
a study room with office and lib
rary. A social unit and toilet fac
ilities for men and women, to
gether with four storage rooms
and a small kitchen will comprise
the social hall in the other unit.
The infirmary will be located
on the campus at the East of
Bennet hall (Senior girls dormi
tory) and the recreation-tudy
building is being erected on the
West campus.
Original Alloy
Prehistoric ornaments of play
num hammered over gold were
found in the graves of the priests
and kings of the ancient India'n in
habitants of Colombia. This was
probably the original idea of com
bining the two rare metals to obtain
the two-tone color effect for jewelry.
Alley Is Strong
The green color of emeralds is
due to small quantities of chromium
in the jewel*. When this same
chromium is added to steel along
with nickel, the resultant alloy is a
hard, strong, wear-resistant metal,
nickel-chrome steel, often used in
gears and aides.
Industrial Uses
Milk is used in a wide variety of
industrial produets such as plastics,
textiles, paper coating, pamt, glue,
films, pharmaceuticals, insulation,
fertilizer, insecticides, penicillin,
plaster, dyes, animal feed, preserva
tives. explosives, electroplates
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___—- i
I
Joe Louis A Good Example
to Protestants, Catholics
It very often happens that a
Catholic couple just cannot get
along so they separate and get
a divorce, both saying that they
! will never marry again. We know
what happens in the majority of
these cases; they meet other
partners and marry and cut them,
selves from the Sacraments of
the church and from all practice
of the church. And "As a man
lives so shall he die” they die
j separated from the church and
! without the assistance of Sacra
j ments.
Divorce and re marriage are just
| the same for rue Protestant cou.
pie as for the Catholic. It is
against the law of nature which
is the law of God, it is living in
an adulterous state and is never
justified no matter what has
been the' cause or the separation.
If the Catholic couple or the Pro
testant couple must separate on
account of some kind of incom
patibility, if they wish to preserve
a chance of saving their immortal
souls they must live the single
life. And if they would strongly
wish to return to the life of the
married state, there is only one
way “Go back to the right part
I ner.”
Joe Louis and Marva separated
‘ over two years and neither of
them seemed to be happy over
the divorce. No one knows just
I what the cause of the separation
| was and no one is interested in
’ trying ti find out. And now Joe
Louis has done something that
is a million times more edifying
and inspiring to the youths of
America and of the worl^than
if he knocked out a thousand op
ponents in the ring,he has gone
back to this right partner.
Whether Joe Louis was very fami
liar with the words from Scrip
ture “What God hath joined let
no man put asunder,’’ or whether
he thought seriously on the words
of Our Blessed Lord when speak
ing divorce “It was not so from
the begining” is beside the ques
tion.Though not a ICatholic he
has left the road wide open in
the Providence of God he should
get the grace of conversion to
the Catholic Church. He has fol
lowed the best instincts of the
human being.
So,we hail the champion Joe
Louis, greater than John L. Sul
livan, greater than Jack Dempsey
Greater than Gene Tunney, great,
er than Jack Johnson, Louis
cleanest fighter in the manly art
who ever pulled on a glove and J
who never belittled a fallen chal-1
lenger. But it is twilight time for ,
Joe Louis and If he continues in
his profession he must kiss the
rosin canvass soon, vdry soon, as
the bells will toll the count of
te.n. Time will count him out. But
if and when this happens Joe
Louis will rise from the canvass
a Champion of another kind; for
men and women youths of the |
world over shall and will say.
“He is a Champion of the inexor- [
able law that God has made for
the male and female—one wife,
one husband.”
(Sent by Father Thomas J. Martin
S. J. this article being - repub
IFshed). ,
rl_
DENISON. Texas — Thurgood
Marshall, chief of the National
Association for the Advancement
of Colored People's legal division
addressing delegates assembled
in this city for the Texas State
Conference of NAACP branches,
today reemphasized the position
of the Association on the question
of segregation in the United
States. ‘The NAACP completely
opposes all forms of segregation
declared Mr. Marshall. Directing
the attention of the delegates'*
and anyone else in the State of
Texas who wants to listen,” the
NAACP chief counsel read from
the resolution on education adopt,
ed at the 38th Annual Conference
in Washington, D. C. in June, in
which it was stated, "Complete
equality of American citizens is
impossible without equality of edu
cational opportunities cannot be
obtained in a dual system of edu.
cation. There has been some ques
tion raised as to the position of
the NAACP on this question.
Therefore we re-emphasize our
position as being opposed to all
types of segregation including
public education as being uncon
stitutional, unlawful and immoral
and call upon all semblances of
segregation in public education in
Southern states while at the same
time opposing al suble attempts
to establish segregation in public
facilities in the North.”
This resolution was unanimous
ly adopted by all of the delegates,
including the Texas delegates,
who have been in the foreffront
of the campaign for the abolition
of segregation in public schools.
Obsreyers here at the confer
ence attached deep significance
to Mr. Marshall's speech and part
icularly to his withering blast
against “Negroes who would be
willing to sell the race down the
river.” The NAACP legal head
indicated a growing struggle
whpn he stated, “It no longer
takes courage to fight for mere
equality in a separate school
system. Even Bilbo mouthed
phrases calling for equality for
Negroes as long as there was
complete segregation. I think that
everyone knew that when the
State Legislature in Texas agreed
to advance more than three mill,
ion dollars for a Jim Crow Uni
versity. ther would be Negroes
who would be willing to sell the
race down the river in order to
either get jobs in the school, or
to determine who should build the
school, pr to .detertnine where
the school should be built, or any
other method whereby the indivi.
dual could get personal gain. It
was also apparent that there
would be Negroes who would at
tack the N. A. A. C. P. for, they
would resort to the Rankin Com
mittee’s attack of yelling, "There'
s a Communist in every closet.”
Later in his speech, Mr. Mar.
shall declared, “The Houston In
former in an editorial obviously
written by Editor Carter Wesley
continuing fts fight to have the
Negroes of Texas return to the
days of Booker T. Washington
and fight for “separate but equal”
schools, asks several questions:
‘Is it the NAACP's position that
it will take no action to better
the educational lot of Texa« Ne
ogroes, except fight for admiss.
ion of Negroes into current
Continued on Page Three
UNIONS SflB< TO PROTECT
WELFARE W' FARMERS
AND WORKERS
Dedlaring hat Congress and big
business are “out to do a wreck,
ing job on farmers’ cooperatives
using the House Small Business
Committee as a convenient mask.'’
President Donald Henderson of
the Food, Tobacco, Agricultural
and Allied Workers Union, CIO.
todya urged a meeting of reprei
sentatives of the National Far.
mers Union to meet the attack
or* cooperatives.
The invitation, addressed to
National Farmers Union Presi
dent James G. Patton, said:
“Members of our union. FTA-CIO,
with their close relations to far
mers, realize perhaps more clear,
ly than others the dangers to the
national welfare involved in any
attack on thg family-size farmer.”
TBe attack on farmers coopera
tives by thg Small Business Com
mittee. Henderson added, “is a
threat to the welfare of both far
mers and workers alike.’’
t