The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, August 23, 1947, Image 6

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    The Omaha Guide
A Weekly Newspaper
Published Every Saturday at 2420 Grant Street, Omaha, Nebaaalra
Phone HArnay 0800-0801
Entered as Second Class Matter March 15, 1927 at the Post Office
at Omaha, Nebraska, under Act of Congress of March 3, 1879.
C. C. GALLOWAY _ — —--— Publisher
MASON DEVEREAUX, JR. — — Gen. Manager - Acting Editor
All Newa Copy of Churches and all Organizations must be in our
office not later than 1:90 p. m. Monday for current issue. All
Advertising Copy, not later than Wednesday noon, preceding date
of issue, to Insure publication.
SUBSCRIPTION RATES IN OMAHA
ONE TEAR_1_*4.00
__*2.50
THREE MONTHS.. *1.50
ONE MONTH__50c
SUBSCRIPTION RATH OUT-OF-TOWN
ONE TEAR__*4 50
National Advertising R«|H'eeentatives:
INTERSTATE UNITED NEWSPAPERS. INC
545 Fifth Aveaue, New Terk Cit>, Phone Murray Hill 2-5452
Ray Peek, M wager
More For the Money
TTie retail situation seems to be stabilizing to a considerable ex
tent, and merchandising experts are getting a clearer idea of what
the consumer is demanding.
First of all, there is a definite accest on better quality. The
public is weary of the shoddy good and the substitutes which had
to be sold during and after tho w ar' because; other, goods were unob
tainable. Buyers for the large chanis and department stores have ex
amined manufacturers’ lines with the most meticulous care and hav't.
refused to stock substandard items. This is of benefit to the small
' merchant as well, in that it forces producers to offer improved lines.
There is consumer resistance to Increasing prices. As an ex
ample, many stores have reported that expensive women’s wear is
moving more slowly1 than in the past. At the same time, the bulk of
the consuming public seems to have realized, cventhough reluctant
ly, that there is no way to achieve the impossible ideal of 1941 prices
coupled with 1947 wages, taxes and other costs. It is only haman to
want higher pay and lower prices at the same time, but Jt just does
nt’ make economic sense.
Retailers of all kinds and in all the basic fields have done an
excellent job in serving the consumer under difficult and often un
predictable conditions. They have attacked the price problem with
all the weapons they possess, and have been responsible for limiting
increases as much as possible. They have improved and broadened
their services. The American consumer, desptie the depreciated dol
lar, gets more for his money than any other buyer on earth.
Strikes! On the Railroad
The employes of individual railroads or the employes of all the
railroads periodically call or threaten to call strikes to enforce com
pliance with their demands for changes in wages, or rules applying
to working conditions. Apparently their only excuse for resorting
to methods which disrupt the country, damage nduistries and leave
the public without its basic means of transport is to force quicker de
cisions on labor demands than can sometimes be arrived' at by nego
tiation. t
There is no more justification for such tactics than there would
granted by a certain date to provide a greater return on money in
vested in railroad securities. . i
Whdt is the difference between a man working on a railroad
and a man who puts up his money to finance the raihoads, without
which there would be no railroad jobs, is entitled to fair wages
on his capital as much as any employe entitled to fair wages; on 'his
capital (his time).
Railroad bondholders and stockholders, of whom there are pro
bably more than there are railroad employes, do not refuse the public
the use of their cars, engines and rights of, way, even when rate in
creases are denied by public regulatory bodies fos such long lengths
of time that heavy losses are suffered on investments.
Why should strikes on the part of railroad employes, which cause
great public suffering and loss, be tolerated any more than would
strikes by the owners of the railroads?
In the Public Service
The National Board of Fire Underwriters has announced the
award of gold medals to two newspapers and a radio; station1 “in re
cognition off distnguished public service in promoting safety of life
and resources from fire.” These awards were established by the
Board is 1941, and impartial juries make the decision each year.
The latest award in the daily newspaper field went to. the Chic
ago Sun, for an aggressive fire prevention which stemmed from the
LaSalle Hotel disaster. Among weekly papers, the Moberly, Mis
souri, Message was given a medal as a result of its continuous, three
year campaign to improve fire protection. The radio station is HTIC,
of Hartford, Connecticut. Eight other newspapers and'sixradio sta
tions were cited by the jury for outstanding fire prevention work.
It is impossible to exaggerate the importance of the press anu
the radio in fighting the scourage of fire. These media commanS
the direct attention and interest of the public. They reach millions
of people who otherwise would be unaware oij fire’s danger and the
way to combat it. They enter the homes of America, whjchj must be
the starting point for any fire prevention campaign that is to, get re
sults. They are in a position to point to deficiencies in fire safety
laws and their enforcement, and to urge remedial action.
The newspapers and radio stations which have merited the Na
tional Board's awards and citations are to be commended for render
ing a great public service in the interest of all. It is to be hoped
that the entire American press and radio will do its full part id
fighting fire in the months and years to come.
---— ]
I
"I presume I’d live to be an old man if I didn’t smoke so
much.”—James A. Hard, Rochester, 106, oldest member of GAR. -
-— ,
New low-cost, portable air conditioner is self-contained, weighs
less than 2^ pounds, plugs into a standard electrictli socket. Overall
dimensions are 26x13x12 inches. Unit is adjustable for heating or
cooling by single control. Invention, protected by patents, makes
for better living. I i
We Might Continue Kidding Ourselves-But—
'WHY bONT\
YOU CLEAN UP
THAT FILTH A
» 4
5®
WE’RE MORE ALIKE
THAN DIFFERENT
BY BLANCHE ALICE RICH
Continued From Last Week
The human blood is the same.
There are four types of blood, cal
led 0,A,B, and AB. If an examin
BLANCHE ALICE RICH
ation were made of the blood of
an American Negro, an American
white man, an Englishman or of
any nationality, they would all
have one of these four types.
We know that there have been
periods of history during which
the achievements of colored races
surpassed those of th white groupa
In medicine, the Indians of Cen
tral America performed difficult
operations on the brain hundreds
of years ago. Archaelolgists have
uncovered skulls .showing traces
of these operations. Evidence of
their success lies in the growth
of bone around the incision prov
ing that many individuals lived
for years after thg operations. In
Peru the ancient Incas built road
ways that extended for hundreds
of miles and built swinging
bridges over the great mountain
passes that still stand as magni
ficent tributes to their technical
skill.
If you will look at the map of
Africa, you will find Timbuctu
in French West Africa. We have
long know of the great kingdoms
of this region and have heard
much of the skilled craftsman
ship of its peoples. At Benin were
workers in bronze and iron. Four
hundred years ago Negroes made
bronze statues that can still be
seen in the musums. Thee Ashanti
made practise weights of brass
for measuring gold. The wood
carvin ofthe Dahomey rivaled
that of any people in the world.
At th same time when Europeans
still used stone tools, the Negro
had developed thg art of smelting
more than any iron; and his race
contributed more than any other
country to the development of
the iron indurstry.
We Americans have not taught
the true story of the African Ne
gro, and there are facts concern
ing them dating back to A. D. 6S0
The pictures of his family life
has been misrepresented. There
are those who believe this war
done to justify an uneasy con
science.
We have only to read the true
facts of the Negro in Africa to
know that he has accomplished
the very things that his critics
in America try to make us be
lieve he cannot attain; he is skil
led mechanic, farmer and artist.
The United States became the
greatest borrower of culture in
the history of the world. All the
^reat inventions. The wheel, the
lever, the galphabet and many
more—were borrowed from the
so-called backwards peoples of
Asia and Africa. Thus the so-call
ed “white man’s civilizations,”
enjoyed in the United States to
through the contributions of sup
erior individuals belonging to all
races and the cooperative efforts
of all.
Some white people think of the
African Negro as simple and
brutish. Yet at a time when Ger
mans were painting their bodies
blue in pagan worship, there was
a university at Timbuctu, which
was famed throughout Africa,
Spain and the near east. Black
intellectuals of Timbuctu visited
universities of Fez, Tunis, and
Cairo and were said to have
astonished the most learned men
of Islam. Some of them were in
stalled as professors in Morocco
and Egypt. Six hundred years a
go Timbuctu was taken by the
Moor and the Negro scholoars
were sent into exile. Their great
libraries were destroyed which
grieved them greatly. The univer.
sity of Timbuctu exchanged
knowledge with the universities
of Spain.
The Moors were expelled from
Spain and they pushed down in
to Africa and destryed the con
tact and the exchange of ideas
which are necessary for building
of civilization, were lost. Africa
was not able to regain its leader,
ship, and then the Portuguese
slave trader began plundering a
long the coast.
History filled with examples
showing that God has raised up
significant peoples from every
race and land and from every
level of society.
We must believe that, for if
human nature cannot be changed.
men will fight wars forever. If
we cannot change people, the
keep one race arnayed against
deadly weapon of prejudice will
keep one race arrayed against
another forever. If we cannot
change the hearts and the minds
of men and women, the strong
will always take advantage of
the weak. If human nature can
not be improved then all of the
creatures, man is the most mis
erable.
The further conquests of science
cannot be impeded. In time and
space th'e world is a small neigh
borhood. Now the atomic bomb
makes it all the more imperative
that the religion ehar.ge people
for the better. The atomic bomb
will be common property within
a few years. Nothing can save
us now except goodwill, justice,
love and forgiveness.
That is something in each of
us forever toward that which is [
better. It is probably true that
no individual is altogether truth- !
ful in every area of his life; yet
man clings to truth as thp ideal.
Man never stands alone before
God. With him ara also his re
lationships with and attitudes to
ward white man, black men, yel
low men and brown men; and to
wards the upper class, the lower
class, and the middle class. thP
rich and the poor, the great and
the small; toward the learned and
unlpamed. toward both friends
I and enemips. Man never stands a
lone in the presencp of God. He
stands them in tne presence of
God and humanity. We are to be
judged by our attitudes and our
treatment of one another. This<
teaching is universal in its ap
plication; it cuts across the bar
riers of class, race, or nation.
If one is prejudiced against
Jews, Gentiles or Negroes, he may
blame it on his surroundings; but
it is within his power to over
come prejudice. There are mom
ents when every individual is res
ponsible only to God.
By Blanche Alice Rich
Brotherly Behavior
A RASSLIN’ MATCH
Human, emotions really come to
the surface and bubble all over
the place while a crowd watches
a “rasslin’ match”. A neutral
spectator who doesn't care who
wins, draws or loses will enjoy
just watching the mob.
There axe many present who
sit tight in their seats throughout
he whole evening without any
emotional upheaval at all. They
are sure that it’s not a match at
all, just a mere exhibition; that
it's all prearranged or “fixed”.—
so why get all hot up over it.
But there are others, and plenty
of them, who really do emote!
They soon have their favorites
and if these cannot win, well, at
least. they must get an even
chance to win.
In other words, when the big.
burly one makes a show—to all
but th referee—of slipping a
finger under the edge of his
trunks and then goes right aftPr
the eyes of our handsome hero, j
i’s pepper he’s using and he can't
get away with that! (It’s not
good for the eyes, of course, but
it is good for the box-office and
next week’s show.)
FAIR PLAY FOR) ALL
Seemingly perfectly normal
shouting out their awareness of
species, show their spirit by
folks, especially the female of the
shouting out their awareness of i
the dirty work and how they feel
about it. Their sense of justice
and fair play makes them stand
straight up and yell lustily.
We can count on that in ad
vance. that exhibition of enthusi
asm for jusice, asking that a
man have an ev%n chance to
make good. Maybe allpeoplg have
it. too—let us hope so—but we do
know that Americans have it. The
crowd’s against the °ue who
cheat’s or takes unfair advantage
of his opponent.
MOST OF THE TIME
There are times, however, when
other items enter in, such as a
Well-developed prejudice due to
something or other. It might be
his rotundity, but i s far more
likely o be his race, religion or
a national background.
Because of such prejudice we
are not so ready to complain a
gainst the cheater, or to yell when
the “rules of the game” are be
ing forgotten. We may even re
joice that the one prejudiced a.
gainst is being forced to fight a
losing battle, quite unfairly*
In daily life, if we have the pro
pier set of eyes and ears, we’ll
learn of many cases where fair
play is not being observed. Do
we jump to our feet and yell?
if we do, it often happens that
we’re there, most alone.
There are plenty of problems
in every community, endless
wrongs to be righted, conditions
to bP changed. Is fair play being
shown Is justice manifested? Or
does prejudice prevail, to im
poverish our principles and Weak
en our wills? It’s hard to bt con
sistent. to champion a cause con
stantly!
The Common Defence
By Rev. William C. Kernan
THE ROAD TRAVELLED BY
MILLIONS
We admit that America is not
a perfect country making practice
conform with profession in every
single instance. No one ever claim
ed perfection for America. But
we are correct when we maintain
that the principles of equal justice
and equal rights are recognized
American principles—and that
we have made, and are making,
progress toward putting them in
to practice.
We do not need to be reminded
that some Americans disgrace
our country by the things they
say and do. We know about the
vandals who desecrated numer
ous graves in the Jewish ceme
taries of Waldheim, a suburb of
Chicago. We also know that cler
gymen, civic leaders and busines
smen of the community were so
outraged that they joined forces
for apprehen ding the desecrators.
We know th».t on July 25th the
Ku Klux Klan swore in some new
members at Maryville Tenn.,
which is near Knoxville—and that
the Klan doesn't fulfill the Ameri
can ide’ s of equal jurticP and
equal * *s Lv its anti-Cathclic.
anti-Jewish. and anti-Negro pro
gram. At. the same time we know
that a Knox County grand jury,
citing lass which bar ''night-rid
ing, iniim'.dating and marauding"
found three Klansmen guiitv ».?
burning crosses In Knoxville, and
plans to continue it in vr> tie-it ion
of Klan activities. By no means is
the Klan having things its own
way.
But eoually good news for
America is the story of Jean
Muns of Rentz, Georgia. Jean
wrote the prize-winning essay in
a contest recently held ir. Fitz.
gerald, Georgia for hi eh school
students of 11 neighboring coun
ties in the Southwestern rural area
of the state. She wrote. “Over
two hundred years aco. a group
of ‘foreigners’ founded a cotmtrv
on the belief that their ideals of
justice and eouai.lv were right.
Because these peoole had faith in
their ideals. A**iedcf todav is the
greatest na*.i in in tiir. world. Only
as long as *ve continue to cling
to these ideals, which are deeply
rooted in the life of each true
American, will we continue to be
the greatest nation. Victor Hugo
expressed it thus. ‘Tbe citizen
free, the nation great.!’ She wrote.
“As long as we live in a world
where one's race or religion is a
cause for hate or preiudice. we
havP work to do.” She wrote. ,
“Onlv in America could evervone
foreign-bom Or American bom
with the same ideals become one!”
I
A correspondent who read
Jean’s essay saluted our public
school system and wrote, “As long
as our youngsters receive such
healthy instruction, we have little
to fear from the perverted think
ing of th three K’s (Kaln. Kol
ubmians. and Kommunists i.’
Every one of us—in his own
community, his church, his school,
his business, his union—has yet
plenty to do to keep America on
the ure course of her ideals. But
b sure about this—we are on
the right road—in the good com
pany of millions of true and loyal
Americans.
Record History
Hieroglyphic, or picture writing,
on stone by ancient Egyptians
which has been deciphered by his
torians tells the story of the early
Pharaoh dynasties thousands of
years before the birth of Christ.
Writing on clay or stone was man’s
first attempt to leave his history
and that of his fellowman to future
generations. Later the Egyptians
made a writing material from the
papyrus weed, a tall reed that grew
in the marshy land long the Nile.
It was used as early as 3600 S. C.
and it is from the word papyrus
ttvat Dancr Harivprl its noma
Primitive Origin
The universality of man’s love of
color was demonstrated early in
antiquity. Each region and sub-re
gion of the globe developed its own
dye sources. It is estimated that
nearly 1$Q0 different plants, vines,
shrubs and trees were, at one time
or another, employed for extract
ing dyes. However ;,uy a few of
the ayes survived to an
cient and medieval times.
The Money Men
By GEORGE S.BENSON
ftaidant of Hading CoOoy*
Socrey.Arkaria*
■ ...
JUST WHERE b *11 the nation’s
money? Probably we’ve all asked
that question at some time. How
ever, we don’t have to go far to
find a multitude of “experts’’
eager to point out the answer —
their answer. These might range
from the old wheeze ahout “90
peT cent of the wealth in the
hands of 10 per cent of the peo
Sile,” to other outdated adages
ust as economically unsound.
<The real answer is simple
enough. In investigating the pos
sible culprits who command the
nation’s economy most of us fail
to consider the most important
individuab-^ourselves. Yet many
B>ple think only of wealth as
ng controlled by a few. These
usually are pictured as pompous
capitalists exploiting the masses
for fheir own gain. A more un
true picture could hardly exist.
More ACTUALLY, the dis
Sharing fcribution of the na
t . tion’s money consti
tutes the most striking argu
ments for freedbm of endeavor
in our country. Together with
more than 60 million of his fel
low employed workers, Mr. Aver
age Citizen in 1945 took home
come 114.5 billion dollars — 71.1
per cent of the national income.
Aa^members of the largest group
they received the largest share of
the country’s money. This is the
natural »consequence of democ
racy;
Wide distribution does not stop
here. In the same-period 15 per
cent of the national income went
to the proprietor cla«s—the farm
ers, small businessmen, doctors,
dentists, and other professional
T*eoplp. It is difficult to think of
the local fanner, the comer gro-*
cer, or ' the • family doctor as
greedy exploiter*. Through their
own work and training they have
provided themselve* with a live
What ^ THE REMAINING
Change? 12.9 per cent i* again
distributed. Rents, in
terest and dividends account for
the major part, with corporate
savings amounting to only 2.8
per cent of the nations! income.
Included in rent income are large
number* of small property own
ers, whose rent-bearing holding*
might be only a home or 'build
ing. Then, too, thousands of
small stockholders account for a
good share of the interest and
dividend income.
The 4.5 billion dollar* earned
as corporate savings is a far
cry from the 'profiteer” pictures
painted by those who would
changp our w*y of economic life.
For the most part, this is the
source of the laboring man’s in
come. This 2.8 per cent return
to corporations is their share of
a system which puts 71.1 per
cent into the pockets of the em
l ployed man. As a minority group,
corporations receive a minority
shave.
Despite these sobering statis
tics, there are many who wopld
call for a change. There are those
who would take the responsibility
away from tfie individual and
vest it in a central authority. It
is paradoxical that these interests
would “give the wealth to the
people” in a nation where ther
majority of the people now re
ceive a majority of the income.*
They would Junk our successful
edbnomy to institute an unproved
one — all to achieve an ideal
■ which we have achieved already
in greater measure thpn has any
other country.
Nurtured in the deep loam of
the United States Patent System,
its taproots given strength by the
good soil of Automotive Patents,
this industrial “tree"’ is graphic
proof of the importance in the life
of every American of the fertility
that makes it grow. Patents in
spire invention. Inventions have
built thr automotive industry,
which today affects the lives of
all of us; provides employment for
millions! National Patent Council
is engaged in a battle to preserve
the Patent System, one of the
vital nerve centers of our way of
life, against the subversive ele
ments which even now are tearing
at its foundation.
Bring Christ to the Nations
ST. LOUIS MO—“The Blessed
ness of Being a Christian” was
outlined today by the Rev. E. T.
Bernthal, Pastor of Epiphany
Lutheran Church, Detroit, Mich
igan, and summer guest speaker
on Bringing Christ to the Nations,
the International Lutheran Hour.
Speaking over he Mutual Broad
casting System and affiliated
stations. Pastor Bernthal declar
ed :“The way to be happy is to
be a real thorough going, true
hearted Christian. Scripture de
.clarse it. Experience proves it.
The converted man. the believer
in Christ, the child of God—he
and he alone is the happy man.
‘Happy is that people whose God
is the lord.”
Pastor Bernthal continued:
‘The plain truth is that without
Christ there is no happiness in
the world. Christ alon€ can give
the comfort which abideth for
ever—He is the Light; without
Him men are always in the dark
—He is the Bread; without Him
men are always starving—He 13
the living Water; without Him
men are always athirst. Give
them what you like, place them
where you please, surround them
with all the comforts you can im
agine—it makes no difference.
Separate from God, the Prince of
peace, a man cannot be happy.
But give a man a sensible inter
est in Christ, and he will be hap
py in spite of poverty. He will
tell you that he lacks nothing
that is really good. He is provid
ed for; he has riches in his posse
ssion and riches in rcerve. He
has meat that the world knows
not of. He has friends who never
leave him or forsake him. The
Father and the Son make their
abode with him. The Lord Jesus
Christ sups with him, and he with
Christ.'’
f'e»t Packing
From a humbl* beginning 306
rears ago, meat packing has grown
o become one of the nation’s larg
est industries. Meat packers fn the
United States produce more than 30
Dillion pounds of meat annually.
From five million farms and
ranches in every state the meat
packers purchase 127 million cattle,
talves, hogs and sheep to make into
steaks, roasts, stews, sausage items
and canned meat, as well as utiliz
ing by-products for many pharma
ceutical and manufacturing items.
First Seed gala
Agricultural seeds were first sold
commercially in the United Stater
• knot 1747
COLUMBUS
DISCOVERED
INDIANS USING
CRUDE RUBBER
1 BALLS/
...EARLY YANKEE SEA CAPTAINS
FOUN0 BRAZILIAN NATIVES .
MAKING SHOES FROM LATEX/
7'LahjiHjCLjU
PRODUCED.
VSi}mWRSTU.s. RUBBER
PATENT GRANTED TO
j'^JACOBEHUMMEL
FOR
\ RUBBER VARNISH fO
, A WATERPROOF SHOES
1V> TLe j
Charles Goodyear
ACCIDENTALLY DISCOVERED
VULCANIZATION PROCESS...
THE FORMULA FOR A HEW INDUSTRY/
... PATENTED over 200
APPLICATIONS OF RUBBER...
DIED OWING $200,000/
PAepaied OyTtaiumai Patent Council.
RUBBER INDUSTRY
TODAY PROVIDES JOBS /
285,000/