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About The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19?? | View Entire Issue (April 6, 1946)
.KHOW YOLK RACE'
By James Y. Eaton
The answer to any question of
fact concerning colored people
may be obtained by writing this
Mark first 6 statements as true
1. There are seven independent
2. There were Negro slave hol
ders before emancipation
3. There are less than thirty col
ored banks in the USA.
4. The government of Haiti is
modeled after that of France
more than it is modeled after
the government of the USA.
5. All of the major religions of
the world were founded by white
6. Dnring the American Civil
War, all of the slave states sided
■with the South.
7. Match correctly:—Robert S.
Abbott John Henry Murphy R.
Is. Vann The Afro-American
<A) The Pittsburgh Courier!Bl
The Chicago Defender (C)
8. Match correctly:—J. Milton
Turner, Norbert Rillieux, Carter
First Negro in US diplomatic ser
vice (A) Historian and Educa
tor (B> Inventor of evaporating j
S. Tell within a million the
amount of money lent to Ne
groes by the Reconstruction Fin
10. Tell the attitude of the mem-!
bers of the Bahai Movement con
cerning segregation of races.
1. False. Haiti, Liberia, Ethiopia
(Sometimes classified separately)
3. True Twenty two
5. False. None.
<5. False, e. g Maryland did not
7. Robers S. Abbott (C) John
JHenry Murphy (A) R. L. Vann(B
8. J. Milton Tumer (A) Norbert
Jlillieux (C) Carter G_ Woodson
3. Five million.
10. Firmly opposed to segrega
(By Myrtle Goodlow)
This must be the day St Paul
speaks of whenne said
“Men professing themselves to be
wise became fools”
-And when men become fools they
are easily made tools
Of wise cunning men to do
underhanded work for them
For a fool never dreads to walk
where wise men fear to tread
Today men we once thought wise
Through their words and deeds
opened our eyes
To what their intentions are and
their speeches cannot help but
The plans for peace which the
world so surely needs
And from her wounds still bleeds
from the terriffic loss upon
But as long- as war mongers shout
off their bill
The dangers of war shall haunt
And the most dangerous weapon
of all time
Bring total destruction upon
If women throughout the world
would take a stand
And let national leaders thorough
Their men shall never again
be cannon fodder
And let that cry become louder
When the armies could not be
The cries of war would soon
And wars would have to cease,
And the world have lasting peace.
What have we gained from world
But suffering and pain world wide
famine and starvation
Broken homes, orphaned children
and tortured minds
And all the prayers known to
For a few selfish men who plan
wars for their benefit
And to the world’s sad detriment
In the security of their luxiurious
homes where suffering and
hardships are unknown
It’s easy to sound the battle cry
for other men to fight and die.
Our heroic soldiers have just been
laid to rest
When Britain thinking of her own
interest would if need be have
our boys die on foreign fields,
Just to protect her oil fields,
Thats just one of the many
reasons why America should
never back a British-American
Listen to the different complaints
over the radio
From the UNO and you’ll know
(If you can read between lines).
The biggest war mongers of all
times’ world wide motto
should be “Protect our
Country if need be”
Then and only then shall we give
up our men
Or better still draw a big ring
Throw the war mongers in and
let the best man win.
According to police reports, on
the 27th day of March, 1946, Mrs.
Herron allegedly had an argument
with her husband, Mr. Arthur
Herron, Jr , both of 1413 No. 25
St. It is alleged that Mrs. Herron
made an attack with an ice pick
on her husband. He is supposed
to have seized his razor and cut
her across the breast.
• For Greater Coverage
ADVERTISE in the Guide
RUSS LEAVE UNO MEET (
is injected into 2 day old meeting
of United Nations Security Coun
cil at Hunter’s College reconver
ted gymnasium in Bronx, as An_
drei Gromyko, Soviet Ambassador
and Representative on the Council
gets up and walks out following
the Council’s rejection of his plea
to postpone hearings on Iranian
nuestion Gromyko can be Seen at
left as he turns and strides away
from the table. Other members
of Russian delegation prepare to
follow their chief.
NEW CIO PRESIDENT
Atlantic City, NJ—Walter P.
Reuther is shouldered’ by his sup
oorters at the annual convention
of th° CIO-United Workers Union
in Atlantic City, N J. where he
wqs to t*iP
that Union March 27. His election
as chief of the world s icugeoc u..
ion marked one the most tremen
dous labor upheavals in American
history. He defeated R. J. Thomas
.-wsMent since 1939. who had the
backing of both CIO president
Philip Murray and UAW Secre
tary-treasurer George F. Addes.
ARRESTED ON ESPIONAGE
Seattle, Wash. Soundnhoto—T,t.
Nicolia Gregorovich Redin of the
Russian navy who was ariesLcu
and arrainged on espionage char
ges in Portland, Ore., last week
Redin is shown here with his wife
Galena, as they t1 >peared at a
diplomatic tea in Seattle, where
Redin was second in command of
the Soviet Purchasing commission
By H. W. Smith
NEGRO HEALTH WEEK
We are at the end of the most
important week of the year. Med.
ical Science has improved 100 per
cent in the last 50 years and it
behooves us to use every effort
to improve in every way to pro
duce better health. We shorn,, do
away with bad insanitary condi
[ tions and surroundings as We all
know disease germs breed tronl
filth and garbage in back yards.
' All bath rooms should be ventila
Harry Goof of Mineapolis gave
his address as a parking lot when
he applied for a drivers license.
Mrs- Franklin D. Roosevelt de
livered a speech at Tech Hisrh
School auditorium on March 28.
President Truman will attend
the opening baseball game of the
American League in Washington
on April 18.
President Truman has asked
all slices of bread be cut thinner.
President M. Brown of Howard
University told a group of North
Central Colleges and Sec’y of
schools at the Palmer house in
Chicago Friday March 29 if the
black and yellow races come to
look on Russia as the marol lea
der it is only a matter of time
j before Russia will challenge our
A woman invoked the Iowa
State Liquor Law and sues a hotel
in Des Moines for $80,000.
OPA hearing ends predicted cut
in powers. Main fight on extension
to come in the US Congress.
Four hundred thousand coal mu
BEGIN PROBE OF ARMY '
Washington, D C-Soundphoto—
Members of the special Doolittle
Cimmittee compose^ of both offi
cers and enlisted men, which was
appointed to investigate alleged
charges of a caste system in the
US Army, photographed at their
first meeting in the Pentagon. Lf.
to rt, front rrow, Capt. Adna H.
Underhill Secretary of War Rob
ert P. Patterson, Lieut- Gen. Jam
es Doolittle, chairman. Back stan
ding, T-Sgt. Jake Lindsay, Lieut.
Gen. Troy H. Middleton and Sgt.
Merrill N. Frost.
ners were set to walk out on Mon
day the first day of April as the
US failed to balk the coal strike.
President Truman indorsed Ro
bert Y. Seerman for mayor of his
home town. He is up for re-elect
The Hearst newspaper says the
Communist Party of the Soviet
Russia are allied everywhere.
N. Y. Telephone Co. expected
twenty thousand calls on Monday
the first of April fools calls.
The Red Cross passed their
goal in Omaha by $1,090
A Post Office Department off
icial stated in Washington on
March 30 mail service to Germany
would be resumed in the near fu
The membership committee held
a very important meeting of the
NAACP on March 29.
US Senator Wherry of Nebr.
was mentioned for Chairman of
the Republican National Commit
Loren Ambry, a life termer in
the Colorado State Prison has
been recommended for a pardon
and he has been in prison since
194°- • U »
Omaha will have 20 conventions
The Detroit Meditation Board
has asked a colling off of 30 days
of the threatened street car strike
US Senator McFarland and
Donnel exchanged heated words
in the Senate on March 21 over
the nomination of James K. Vard
man for the Federal Board of Gov
Fire destroyed a farm house
southwest of Avoca, Iowa Wed
nesday, March 20.
Minnie Ross Webb of Rialto,
Tenn., a crippled 14 year old girl
arrived in St. Louis on March 21
and was placed in the Shriners
Hospital. She was in a wheelchair.
ARMOUR’S CAR SHOP
Armour’s Car Shop Employees,
Omaha, Nebraska, withdrew from
the Brotherhood of Railway Car
men of America, American Fed
eration of Labor, and joined Ar
mours Local No. 8, United Pack
inghouse Workers of America,
At a national Labor Relations
Board Election conducted by Cy
rus W. Slater, a Representative of
the NLRB, the Armour Car Shop
Employees after being represen
ted by the AFL voted unanim
ously to affiliate with the United
Packinghous W'orkers of America,
CIO. The results were 21 for CIO
and none against; a 100 percent
vote to affiliate with Armours
Local No. 8, UPWACIO.
The Car Shop Employees will
join Armour’s Local No. 8, UPWA
CIO big Unit of Maintainance and
Production Employees numbering
approximately 2,200 workers. The
election was held Thursday, Mar.
Signed—Patrick Ratigan, Field
2502 M Street, Omaha, Nebr.
OUTLINE LONG RANGE
PROGRAM FOR TUBER.
A long range program for tub
erculosis control was outlined by
Dr. E. A. Rogers of the Nebraska
Department of ^Health to the
Board of Directors of the .Nebr
aska Tuberculosis Association As
sociation, The directors met at thv
Paxton Hotel in Omoha, March 28
Dr. Charles W. Way, of Wahoo,
vice-president of the association
presided in the absence of the
Dr. Rogers outlined his long
range program for suberculosis
control under four main headings;
First, case finding. This plan
called for the use of 3 mobile X
ray units in the State of Nebraska
so that all persons who wish to
be X-rayed could have this ser
vice free of charge in every coun
ty oTiCe every two years. His plan
also included X-ray services in all
general general hospitals. Tuber
culin testing of first grade school
children and high school students
Second, medical care and hospi
talization. His plans proposed that
local physicians prepare themsel
ves to give care to early cases of
tuberculosis and reserve hospital!
beds in the State Hospital for the
Tuberculous at Kearney for those
pauents who could profit most by
Third, rehabilitation. Dr. Rog
ers stated that rehabilitation Ser
vice for the tuberculous should
begin just as soon after diagno
sis as possible. As part of the re
habilitation program Dr. Rogers
proposed that a social worker and
an occupational therapist be add
ed to the staff of the State Hos
pital for the Tuberculous and that
patients be referred to the State
Bureau for Vocational Rehabilita
tion when they are ready for this
Fourth, financial assistance to
families where there is a case of
tuberculosis. This protects the fa
mily and keeps the patient con
| tented because he knows his fam
ily is being cared for. Dr. Rogers
proposed that persons who have
had tuberculosis hospital treat
ment receive financial assistance!
after they leave the hospital until
such a time when they are strong
enough to work eight hours per
$25 Victory bonds were awarded
to Jacqueline Blumel, Nebraska
City High School student, June
Fislar, Lincoln High School stu
dent, and Jeanne Scott, Atkinson
High School student, as prizes for
the best three stories in the State
published in high school newspa
pers. The contest was sponsored
by the Nebraska Tuberculosis As.
DOUGLAS COUNTY HAS
DONE IT AGAIN! . .
Thanks Guide for Support
\\ hen the month-long American
Red Cross Fund Campaign ended
Sunday, the minimum quota of $254
500 had been topped by over $15,000
Contributions still are coming in to
the campaign headquarters at 414
South l~th Street. For the conven
ience of other late contributors, tne
campaign headquarters will remain
open until the middle of April.
Campaign staff members and
workers lauded the general all-ar
‘ ound support of the 1946 drive.
“Thats the type of unity that will
continue to write success for every
worthy civic campaign or enter
prise." Ford Bates, campaign gener
al chairman, asserted. Staff mem
bers likewise had a “big thank you'
for the Omaha Guide, its staff and
readers for the generous and full
support given the Red Cross. They
complimented “the fine help of the
Omaha Guide which is indicative of
the spirit and progress embellished
by a leading newspaper.”
On behalf of every campaign work
er and staff members, Bates furth
er commented, “We sincerely thank
each and every contributor to the j
1940 Red Cross Fund Campaign.’' I
WHO PLAYS THE ROLE OF
'NONNie" IN THE STAGE
THE FIRST NEGRO TO BE
ELECTED PRESIDENT OF THE
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES,
ONE OF THE THREE G0VERNIN6
BODIES OF THE SMITH C0LIE6E
SHE ISA NATIVE OF NEW
YORK CITY AND THE DAUGHTERCF
WALTER WHITE THE NAACP HEAD.
LIKES TO READ ill
f «*sHER SPARE
CHARLES ENOCH WHEELE
The young poet who is an honorary/^'
MEMBER OF THE EUGENE FIELD
SOCIETY’FOR OUTSTANDING CONTRIBUTION
TO CONTEMPORARY LITERATURE','AND THE
AUTHOR OF A BROCHURE OF POETRY" PRELUDE,"
WROTE HIS FIRST POEM AT THE AGE OF 12 AND
Sold his first poem at 14. his original manuscript
Of"PREU1De'|S in THE JAMES WELDON JOHNSON COLLECTION
AT YALE U. A CHICAGOAN,HE WAS BORN IN AUGUSTUS, 6A.
BARNEY GUSS, CANDIDATE FOR LEGISLATURE
Would Legalize Bookies, Slot Machine
Would Use Tax Income from These Sources to
Offset Depleted Tax Revenue Funds.
Dear Mr. Galloway:
Here are a few facts on myself
that you asked me to tell you.
I am an ex-service man, thirty
years old. Father of three child
ren. Born and raised in the vic
inity of 18th and Charles Street.
Went to Kellom School, Central
High School, and am very well
acquainted in this district.
In business on twenty-fourth
street for three years.
My platform is as follows: Pen
sion of $50.00 per month to every
one that is dependent on the state
. $250.00 Borius for every service
man that is Honorably Discharg
ed from any branch of the Serv
ice—Fair Employment Practice
Commission, which is very much
needed in this State—Legalization
of Slot Machines at $15u.00 per
year, with a maximum on them.
$1,000 per year license on Book
ies and a pay raise for the Fire
men and Policemen and Repairs
and Pay Raises for the Schools
and School Teachers.
Everything that will be done for
me would be very greatly apprec
Thank you very much for any
thing that you may do for me,
VIRGINIA JIM CROW LAW
ARGUED BEFORE US
Washington, D C., March 27—
Virginia's Jim Crow bus law re
quiring the segregation of Negro
passengers from white was chal
lenged in the US Supreme Court
by Irene Morgan was fined $10
in the Vrginia Courts for refusing
to change to a Jim Crow seat on
a bus of the Richmond Grey
hound Lines Inc. Representing
Miss Morgan was Thurgood Mar
shall, NAACP Special Counsel,
and William H. Hastie, recently
nominated as Governor to the Vir
gin Islands. State Attorney Gen.
Abram P. Staples represented the
Commonwealth of Virginia.
Attorney General Staples main
tained before the court that Vir
ginia’s Jim Crow law recognizes
human nature and is designed to
protect the safety of the public.
Let’s not deceive ourselves by
idealistic or wishful thinking. Vir
ginia is confronted by a reality.
Laws cannot alter human nature
or race antagonism. Our govern
ment must be based on a recog
nition that they still exist, he de
clared. Continuing, Staples con
tended that there is nothing un
constitutional in his states statute
requiring rigid separation along
Thurgood Marshall presenting
the facts to the court argued that
due to the element of interstate
travel involved the federal gov
ernment alone was in a position
to pass governing laws. Attorney
Hastie presenting a cool rejection
to the principles of racial distinc
tions in a manner brilliant by a
a listening official, said the law
conflicts with national policy.
Both laws of Congress and pre
vious decisions of the Supreme
Court make it clear that national
policy is opposed to racial dist
inctions. That in itself shoul^ be
enough for a decision in favor of
The case was argued in a court i
room filled to overflowing by a
tense crowd whrch listened intent
ly to the arguments being presen
ted in what would be the most
serious set back suffered by Jim
Crow in America if the court han
ded down a decision favorable to
Miss Morgan The decision of the
court is pending.
NEGRO TO ARMY’S BOARD
Washington, D. C.—Secretary
of War Robert P. Patterson re
ceived a suggestion from the NAA
ACP to appoint a Negro lawyer
to the board of nine prominent
judges and lawyers appointed to
look into army courts-martial
The suggestion was received in
a telegram which stated may we
respectfully suggest addition of a
Negro lawyer to board appointed
yesterday by you to review courts
martial procedure and that board
be specifically instructed to exam
ine courts-martial against Negr
oes. You will remember written
reports I made to you of condi
tions I observed in European and
Pacific Theatres of war and in
instances of racial prejudices
cited. We believe that presence on
board of a Negro can contribute
greatly to this particular evil and
in improving courts-martial pro
cedures generally. This association
alone has received more than two
hunured cases to war department
for clemency. We have to invest
igate now several hundred more
and every mail brings additional
cases. This indicates a condition
which needs examination and con
The Army’s present system of
courts-martial has been under con
siderable fire recently, drawing
charges not only from GI’s but
also from both branches of Con
gress. The Senate Judiciary had
recommended an investigation af
ter soldiers’ letters in the Stars
and Stripes complained volumin
ously that enlisted men were be
ing courts-martialed for offenses
which officers committed with im
punity or with only a repremand.
Other complaints have arisen
from the system which permits
only officers to act as judges, or
prosecutors and defense council at
courts_martial proceedings. Chair
man McCarran (D., Nev.) of the
Senate Judiciary told reporters in
January that there are thousands
of cases of misjustice that need
| redress. At the same' time the
House Military Committee looked
NAACP CALLS FOR 5th
ANNUAL YOUTH WEEK
New York—Youth Councils and
College chapters of the NAACP
invite all who believe in the prin
ciples of democracy to share in
their fifth annual observance of
Youth Week. Programs of these
youth organizations, beginning
April 23 and ending May 4, win
demonstrate to the nation the ser
iousness of youth in these trou.
The programs of the various
youth groups wil be ushered in
with church Services Sunday, on
April 8th.p Other features will in
clude the wearing of badges that
will be sold for ten cents, five
cents of which is devoted to the
critically important wor^ of the
NAACP in such cases as the Col
umbia, Tenn riot and the constant
fight for a just and democratic
RETURNS FROM SOUTH PACIFIC
Lawrence Lewis Guide’s
By Lawrence Lewis
No soldier in the world wanted
to come home anymore than I,
and no soldier wanted the peace
and comforts of home more than
me. 1 dreamed of home, the dav
enport, the bath tub, record player
and of course my wife and baby
Always there was the fear of
not coming back. I got used to it
always thinking of heath, the ter
ror of unwanted death. I thought
of the fevers, the snakes and the
many dreaded diseases which at
anw moment might might end my
Never will I forget the men
around me overseas; men search
ing for something and never find
ing it. Men who^e only joy was
in the /night, when they ^could
dream of their wives, sweethearts
and families, dream of cake and
ice cream, steaks, chicken and
chops; dream of their home town
and i dishing the memories both
good and bad and hundreds of
other things which will surely
evelope your mind when you are
thousands of miles away. I dream
er of Omaha.
I speilt the first day of my re
turn to Omaha just absorbing the
comforts of home life. I wanted
just to get the feel of things, sort
of cram it all into my heart at
once and erase the months of lon
liness in the jungles. Even the
neighbors who might npt like me
I wanted to smile at them, letting
them know everything was al
right. I just wanted to be friends
with everyone. Some accepted ni>
into the tisuation and one mem
ber reported gross injustices in
a number of cases
The present board of members
are Dean Arthur T. Vanderbuilt
of the New York University Law
School, chairman; Judge Alexan
der Holtzoff of the District of
Columbia Federal District Court,
secretary; W. T. Joiner of Raleigh
Joseph Henderson of Philadelphia,
Jacob M. Lashly of St, Louis, W.
P. Armstrong of Memphis, Feder
al Circuit Judge Morris A. Soper
of Baltimore; Floyd Thompson
of Chicago, former chief justice
of Illinois; and Frederick Crane
of New York, former chief judge
of the New York Court of Ap
FAMILY, CANS OF BABY
FOOD SAILS TO GUAM
One of the first of the pioneer
ing families sailing to husbands in
the Central Pacific Area is Mrs.
Virginia Buell and children, Sher
rie Lee. three, and Billy, eight mos
who will join Marine Captain Chas
Buell in Guam—and probably live
in a Quonset hut. Taking no chan
ces with the children’s health, Mrs.
Buell carries along a six months'
supply ob baby food packed in
sturdy, germ proof tin cans.
We wish to Announce
THE OPENING OF THE
G & J Smoke Shop
2118 NORTH 24th Street
Everything in the Line of
CIGARS, CIGARETTES, & I
\, Jackson & Godbey, Props.
The ALPINE BOOK STORE
Invites You . . .
To visit their place and to Browse i
around on the leaves of its Thous
ands of Books and Magazines to
your Heart’s Content No Obliga
tion to buy. So Come. The name
again, ALPINE BOOK STORE.
The address, 4606 SOUTH 24TH
•STORM - SASH I
Paint — Roofing
SUTHERLAND LUMBER CO-1
2920 ‘L’ St MA-12001
I Johnson Drug Co. j
2306 North 24th
Were Never Meant To Suffer
Here's a tip for women, who suffer
hot flashes, nervous tension
—due to "middle-age"
If the functional "middle-age” period
peculiar to women makes you suffer
from hot Sashes, feel tired, "dragged
Jut,” nervous, a bit blue at times—
try Lydia E. Plnkham's Vegetable
Compound to relieve such symptoms.
Plnkham's Compound Is one of the
jest known medicines you can buy
tor this purpose.
Taken regularly—this great medi
cine helps build up resistance against
mch “middle-age” distress. Plnkham's
Compound has proved that some of
;he happiest days of some women’s
Ives can often be during their ‘40's.’
Uso an effective stomachic tonic!
LYDIA E. PINKHAM’S
I riendliness, bue even those who
did not didn’t worry me. I was
so happy and contented I could
see nothing but the good in peo
j pie, thinking I had left all the
hate and envy on the other side.
As I walked down 24th St. I
thought of all the STREET had
meant to me, it brought back me
mories of long ago of my pals and
associates—the times I used to
start walking home and stop in
at the bars on the STREET and
drink beer, knowing when I got
home I would be late and dinner
would be waiting with a some
times not too happy wife.
Whatever its faults, Omaha is
my kind of a City because I be*
lieve in my race and believe in
the people of Omaha. I stay con
fident even though not always
satisfied. It is my belief that no
Negro has the cause to be com
pletely satisfied with himself or
his accomplishments, no matter
how much money he has; no mat
ter how successful he may be; no
matter how he shelters himself
from others whose qualities he
may dislike, because good or bad.
rich or poor, black or yellow, we
are all brothers in a common ef
fort and we, on this earth must
share this work for the common
good or betray ourselves in our
J Insurance Agency
BReai Estate, Rentals, Insurance
I (VOTARY PUBLIC
* 2424 BRISTOL ST. J A-6261
i FRESHER SMOOTHER.
| CLEARER SKIN OC, —
3 zo sn*
At all drug storms Vw
Try Dr. FRED Pal
mer’s Skin Whitener for loveli r, lijrh er.
smoother, fresher, clearer skin. Money hack
guarani. Caution: Use only as directed.
6<I.ENPIC0., Box 2M. M'trU. fi.
| SSeaut^ l|
I ENROLL NOW!
Terms Can Be Arranged
2511 North 22nd Street
| HIGHEST PRICES P/UD I
| for FURNITURE,
| RUGS, STOVES
| “Call Us First”
| NATIONAL H1RNITURE f
formerly at 24th
and Ersldne St.
514 N. 16th ST.
For quick relief from itching erased by eczema,
athlete's foot, scabies. and other itching
conditions, use pure, cooling, medicated, liquid
D. D. D. PRESCVtmOM. A do, oFs formula.
Greaseless and stainless. Soothes, comforts and
quickly calms intense itchnqp 35c trial bottle
proves it. or money hack. Don't suffer Ask you*
druggist today for Du D. D. WtKWTIQtt
We can’t make enough Smith Bros. Cough
Drops to satisfy everybody. Cur output Is
Still restricted. Buy only what you need.
Smith Bros, have soothed coughs due to colds
since 1847. Black or Menthol—still only 54.
SMITH BROS. COUGH DROPS
BLACK OR MENTHOL-5# ,
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