The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, April 06, 1946, Image 1

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•fa--fa--fa “Largest Accredited Negro Newspaper West of Chicago and North of KC.” ^
e iTi^nn t v iddii c. mu. t k in.i 4 i n -n rt . fcnteied as 2nd class matter at P<*t- oftice. Omaha, Nebr., Linder Act of
SATURDAY, APRIL 6, 1946 Our 19lh \ear—No. 9 ★ 10c Per Copy ★ Marcn 8. ,874. Publishing Offices at 2420 Grant Street, Omaha. Nebr
Edited by Verna P. Harris
(by Alfred Baker Lewis,
Member of the Board,
NAACP, Union for Demo
cratic Action)
The recent tremendously j
successful and enthusiastic
mass meeting held at Madi-'
son Square Garden in New
York on behalf of the FEPC
illustrates very well the sor;
of alliance between Negro or
ganizations and organized la
bor which will help to give us
a much more progressive
Congress in future elections
if it can be extended through
out the country. Official
representatives of the AfL.
and the CIO as well as indiv
idual progressive unions join
ed with representatives of
Negro oragnizations in pledg
ing continued active work on
behalf of the bill for a perm
anent FEPC.
Negroes form one-tenth ot
the population. But they do
not furnish one-tenth of the
members of professions like
engineering, medicine, or law
which are most highly paid,
or one-tenth of the United
States Senators, Represent
atives, or State Governors. A
very large part of this is due
of course to racial prejudice.
But much of it is due to the
economic handicaps from
which Negroes as a group suf
fer. They do not have the
money to go to college in the
same proportion as do whit
° es, for they are most heavily
concentrated in the lowest
paid jobs, including domestic
service and agricultural labor
Being concentrated in the
South, they do not have the
same educational opportunit
ies even in the lower grades.
Incidentally, Southern states
spend fo the education of
white childen less than the
national average, because as
one down-to-earth sociologist
put it, “The kids are where
the cash ain't.'” (This maldis
trihution of income is the big
gest argument for the propos
ed Federal Aid to Education
While Negroes suffer fron
racial as well as economic die
v- crimination in the present
state of American democracy,
workers too are economically
under-privileged. The child
ren of miners, textile workers
white sharecroppers, or long
shoremen, do not furnish
any such proportionate num
ber of leaders in education
ami medicine as do the child
ren of lawyers, professor?,
doctors, insurance men, or
bankers. Those who get their
income from work or service
lose their pay when they are
sick, injured, unemployed, or
old, or if they die premature
ly; while those who get their
income from rent, interest,
dividends and profits find
that their money keeps on
rolling in even after they are
Since the wealthy class who
get property income do not
get their money from their
own efforts, it is clear that
they get it by exploiting the
‘ efforts of others. Organiz
ed labor is numerically the
largest force that is trying to
reduce this exploitation.
Since Negroes suffer from
economic exploitation intens
»» ified by color prejudice,
there is and should be a nat
ural alliance between Negro
es and labor, for they have a
strong identity of interest.
Both alike are interested in
opposing labor baiters, Ne
gro haters, anti-Semites, and
reactionaries. The progres
sive wing of organized labor
best exemplifies tbat alliance.
Organized labor was the
strongest supporter of our
social security system, from
which Negroes benefit sub
stantially. Just now both
organized labor and the Ne
gro community are backing
the ^ agner-Murrav- Dingeli
Bill to raise the rates of bene
fits for old-age pensions and
unemployment insurance.
This bill would also extend
our social security system to
domestic servants and agric
ultural workers, a proposal
which would greatly help
Negroes; and it would set up
a system of compensation for
sickness and non-industrial
accidents, with free medical
Washington, D. C.—Senator Abe
Murdock chairman of the impor
tant Sub-committee of the Senate
Committee on Territories and In
sular Affairs was notified by the
NAACP that testimony submitted
to the committee by Leslie Hunt
representative for a powerful cor
poration with extensive interests
in the Virgin Islands, was a vic
ious attempt to kill the nomina
tion of the first Negro governor
in the Island's history.
Walter White sent the following
wire to the committee chairman.
We have learned with amazement
and disgust that one Leslie Hunt
has alleged before your commit
tee today that Judge William H.
Hastie whose nomination as gov
ernor of the Virgin Islands you
are now considering is either a
communist or communist sympa
thizer and that his confirmation
as governor would be distastrous
to the Virgin Islands. No grosser
libel against a man of impeachabl^
integrity, ability and loyalty could
have been uttered- We vigorously
urge that Hunt’s testimony be
treated with the contempt it' de
serves and that instead his own
record as secretary of the Virgin
Islands corporation might well be
investigated by the proper author
ities on recommendation of your
Elk’s Annual Oratorical contest
sponsored by Iroquois Lodge No.
92 and Cherokee Temple No. 223,
IBPOE of W will be held April 18,
1946 at the Elks Hall, 2420 Lake
A four fear scholarship will be
awarded the winner.
The contestants from various of,
the high schools are: Missess
Mable Hill; Cosetta Eubanks; Nor
ma Lee Thomas; Nola Moore; Len
ora Pierce and Mr. Theodore Cun
The committee: Mr. J. T. Scott;
Mr. Russell Reese; Mr. Ernest Wll
liams; Mrs. Marian Hickman; Mrs
Odessa Johnson an<j Mrs Bettie
Davis Pittman, chairman.
Mrs Bennetta L. Clevelanr, local
Commissioner of Education.
Everyone cordially invited.
Washington, D. C.-Soundphoto—
clutching the four pens used in
signing the housing bill, author
izing the expenditure of $250,000,
000 for the conversion of war
grano-on of the immortal Booker
T. Washington cast the first
spade of soil in the ground break
ing ceremonies which were heid
on the old Burrough’s Plantation
in Franklin County, Virginia on
April 5th to mark the beginning
of the establishment of the $2,000
000 memorial which is planned to
commemorate the life of Bookei
T. Washington and to perpetuate
his ideals and teachings. Young
Mr. Washington who is an archi
tect, will also assist in the plann
ing of the memorial.
S J. Phillips, President of the
Booker T. Washington Memorial,
said that the program character
ized the theme of Booker T. Wash
ington’s life, “Helpfulness To
wards Others.” The country’s re
sponse to the appeal for contribu
tions is highly encouraging.
care and cash benefits. Or
ganized labor and Negro
leaders are behind the bill
for Federal Aid to Education
Organized labor is also a
leading supporter of the blii
for a permanent FEPC, and
of the bill to outlaw poll tax
es as a requirement for vot
ing in Federal elections. Thus
intelligent workers and Ne
groes are in accord in the ef-i
fort to pass such important
progressive measures.
Unfortunately tor the sol
idarity of this natural alli
ance between Negroes and
organized labor, the older
unions in the United States
were formed before many
Negroes were industrial work
ers, and therefore, sad to say
some of them still exclude
Negroes. But the more re
cently formed unions in the
heavy industries, such as the
Steel Workers, the United
Automobile Workers, or the
Packinghouse Workers, do
not exclude Negroes hut wel
come them on equal terms.
There is a general opinion
among Negroes that only the
CIO unions, which are the
ones more recently formed,
are fair to their colored mem
bers. But there are many
AFL unions, such as the Uni
ted Mine Workers and the
International Ladies Gar
ment Workers Union, and of
course the Brotherhood of
Sleeping Car Porters, which
have no color bar whatever.
Such AFL unions are in a,
strategic position to oppose
(and they hope soon to
change, with the help of ju
dicial decisions) the racial
discrimination which still ex
ists in some important AFL.
Urban League Membership Drive Launched
recently been appointed Parish
Worker by the trustees of Hill
side Presbyterian Church, 30th &
Ohio Streets. This is a new work
among church groups. The Par
ish Worker is a social worker em
ployed by the church to work with
the people living in the church
community The minister of the
Hillside Church, Rev. E. W. Gor
don, reports that Miss Rudd will
be primarily responsible for visit
ing the homes of the many child
ren who visit the Hillside Church
Recreation Center so that suffic
ient information may be had to
more adequately serve -the needs
of these children and their famil
Miss Rudd is a product of Oma
ha, honor graduate of North High
School and is at present studying
at the University of Omaha,
where she has been recently elect
ed to Alpha Kappa Delta Frat
ernity, the national honorary soc.
iological fraternity. Miss Rudd is
a member of Alpha Kappa Alpha
Sorority and is quite active in the
social, recreational and religious
life of the young people in Omaha
She is the daughter of Mr. and
Mrs. A. C. Rudd of 2886 Ohio St.
Washington, D. C_The General
Dwight D. Eisenhower who recen
tly appointed a six man board to
investigate ‘caste' in the army re
ceived a suggestion from Walter
White of the NAACP to appoint
a Negro to the newly created six
man board to inquire into some
GI complaints regarding caste in
the army.
Mr. White worded his sugges
tion in a telegram which stated
“If it is not too late may I sug
gest that a most useful purpose
would be served by addition of a
qualified Negro to six man board
appointed by you to inquire into
caste in the US Army. As you
and I know from first hand ob
servation no element suffers any
more from caste and racial dis
crimination than the Negro. From
our conversations I am certain
you agree that no really democra
tic army will ever be achieved as
long as such racial demarkations
resulting in discrimination and
segregation continue. May we also
suggest calling of qualified Ne
groes to give first hand testimony
and this association will be happy
to furnish names of Negro enlist
ed men, officers, war correspon
dents and civilians who have first
hand and exact information to
Earlier in the week Mr. Wtiite
meeting with Gen- Eisenhower in
Washington had discussed the re
cent Gillen Report which was bas
ed upon an investigation into the
effects of racial segregation in
W e Build...
“Not for Ansrioa
Alone, ...But for Ail
Four Generations ^et,Unborn
April 12th marks the first anniversary of the death of
Franklin Delano Roosevelt.
Mr. Roosevelt had his political enemies as indeed every
great president of this country before him had his.
But, on this first anniversary of his death, friend and
foe alike can join in acclaiming what Mr. Roosevelt said in
a memorable address about the meaning of America for us
and for all mankind.
“For more than three centuries we Americans have been
building on this continent a free society. A society in
which the promise of the human spirit may find fulfill
ment. Commingled here are the blood and genius of all
the peoples of the world who have sought this promise.
We have built well. We are continuing our efforts to
bring the blessings of a free society, of a free and produc
tive economic system, to every family in the land. This is
the promise of America.
“It is this that we must continue to build—this that we
must continue to defend.
“It is the task of our generation, yours and mine. But
we build an ddefend not for our generation alone. We de
fend the foundations laid down by our fathers. We build
a life for generations yet unborn. W e defend and we build
a way of life, not for America alone, but for all mankind.”
the army. Expressing his dissat-1
isfaction with the recommenda
tions of the report, Mr. White1
pointed out that although it dis
couraged the maintenance of some ]
all-Negro units the old system of'
segregation was still retained. The
only change was in the fact that
Negroes would now be placed in
smaller units and attched to white
Tells of European Experiences
Lt. Ralph Orduna
By Herbert Davis
Ralph Orduna, former 1st Lt.
in the AAF who flew many mis
sions 'in the European Theatre
under Col Benj. O. Davis is back
in Omaha now living at 2326
Franklin St.
Lt. Orduna departed for over
seas service In 1944. He was sent
to Rennini, Italy by the way of
Iran, Africa and Marseille, Francc
where he joined the 332nd Fighter j
Group. They flew missions overj
Germany, Poland, Czechoslova-1
kia, Austria, Yugoslavia, Switzer
land and other Balkin and low
land countries. He was a witness
of the crack up of 2nd Lt. Thomas
Hawkins while taking off in a
P-47. Orduna’s plane was hit by
flak while over Austria but luck
rode the cockpit with him and he
came back safely. On his 20th
mission over the Adriatic Sea the
canopy (top hatch) of Orduna’s
plane flew off while he was at
30,000 feet, almost six miles up
which resulted in his hospitaliza
tion from exposure for 3 months
and his return to the States.
Ralph says Italy is a beautiful
country with a climate, like our
California’s an<j that the natives,
though poor, were friendly. Mo
dern conveniences were few in
the area in which he served.
The Lieutenant received his pi
lots training at Tuskegee Army
Air Field where he took 10 wks.
of preflight consisting in part of
physics, navigation, aerodynamics
and theory of flight, after which
he went to Primary where he
flew his first plane the PT 13 and
studied more associated ground
school subjects. After 10 weeks of
training and 65 hours of flying, he
then moved to basic where he re
ceived additional training an^ Ad.
vance flying. He graduated with
192 hours of flying and 13 months
of training. In addition he took
Mr. Russel Reese, chairman, I
sounded the guns to the member-!
hip committee he called together
at the Omaha Urban League, on
Friday, March 29, 1946. Mr. Reese
jointed out in a very forceful way
the value of the Urban League to
the community, the activities in
connection with the addition of
school teachers last summer, the
organization of Community Im
provement Club, the organ zation
of Business Men and Womens
Clubs, The Community Fair, The
Artits and Model Ball, its devel
opment of the Imperialist Choral
Mr Reese announced the foll
owing plans are available: Plan
1, Membership in the Omaha Ur
ban League for the current year
and montny copies of SPECTA
TOR cost $1; Plan 2, Membership
in the Omaha Urban League for
current year, monthly cost of I
SPECTATOR and quarterly cop
ies of OPPORTUNITY cost $2.00;
Plan 3, Membership in the Omaha
Urban League for current year,
monthly copies of SPECTATOR
anj NEGRO DIGEST cost $3.50;
Plan 4, Membership in the Oma
ha Urban League for current
year, monthly copies of SPECTA
quarterly copies of OPPORTUNI-1
TY cost $4.50.
Members of the committee are: |
Mrs. Gertrude Brooks; Mrs. Pearl i
Brummel; Mrs. Gertrude L Craig'
Ms. E. B. Childress; Mrs. Ethel]
Kirtley; Mrs. Adam Lee; Mr3
Estelle Gray; Mrs. Katherine
Manley; Mrs. Lula Rivers; Mrs.
Jamie Norman; Mrs. William Gi
vens; Mrs. Sara Walker; Mrs.
Esther Woods; Miss Margaret
Fischer; Mr. J. C. Harris; Mr. C.
Cade; Mr. O. C. Beck; Mr. Sam
Towles; Mr. William Givens; Mr
Charles Stewart; Mr. Burns Scott
Mr. L. L. McVay; Mr. James C.
Jewell; Mr. George Camper; and
Mr. Henry Black.
gunnery at Elgin Field and Tran
sition at Walterboro, S. C. in a
P-47 which was then the hottest
ship in the air
He flew missions in dive-bomb
ing, straffing, cross country, low
mission tweeps at tree top level,
and simulated bomber escort
with groups of nearby B-24s.
Mr. Orduna is now driving a
cab for the United Taxi Service
while awaiting recall to the Pos
tal Service. He has a strong de
sire to go into commercial flying
but the opportunity has not pre
sented itself as yet.
every week
Omaha Guide
On Sale at Your
Local Drugstore.
Ask GOP National
Committee Consid*
eration of 5 Items
housing units and military bar
racks into 100,000 temporary hou
ses for veterans and their families
Pres. Truman beams a big smile
toward, left to right, Sen. James
M. Mead, (Dem. NY) author of
the bill, Wilson Wyatt, Housing
Expeditor and Philip M. Kultz
nick, Federal Housing Commiss
ioner, who witnessed the ceremony
St. John AME. Church
To Present Famous
famous violinist-composer, will b»
presented Friday May 10.. 1948 at
Central High School auditorium un
der the auspices of St. John AM t.
Church. For several years Di •
White has been his race’s represent
ative violinist, and now, at the
height of his career ,he will again
tour America during this season.
Clarence Cameron White first ai
traded attention as a gifted violin
ist while a student at the Oberlin,
Ohio Conservatory of Music. Sup
plementing his study at Oberlin, he
spent several years abroad as a pri-,
vate pupil of M. Zacharewitsch, the I
famous Russian violinist.
These are some of the press com- [
ments concerning this famous viol-.
inist: Fanny Edgar Thomas, Off-t-l
er d'Academic, Paris. France: ‘You!
played superbly. You had a fine I
program. You are indeed to |
New York Musical Courier: ‘Mr. |
White played Vieuxtemps, Sinding, j
Saing-Saens, etc- His playing is j
most finished and artistic.”
Le Temps K Port au Prince, Haiti)
—“The violin recital offered by tor.
American violinist, C. C. White was
a priceless treat, for he is a master
in the full meaning of the term.
one of the greatest players we have
Union Services
Union services will be held at
Zion Baptist Church, 2215 Grant
St., Sunday night April 7. Devo
tional service 7:30 Pm. Sermon
at 8 pm. by the Rev. E. B. Chil
dress and music by the St- John
AME Church choir.
The public is urged to attend
these two closing services of our
Union Services.
Loftis Resigns
Presidency of
E. A. Loftis, who recently sue.
ceeded Rev. C. Adams as presid
ent of the local branch of the NA
ACP, announced Wednesday that
he had resigned this office. He
said that the treasury funds had
increased considerably during his
few weeks as president. But that
he felt it best for the interest of
the branch that he should resign
New York, N. Y_The NAACP
announced this week that the:
time limit for nominations for!
the 31st award of the Springam
Medal would soon expire.
The Springam Medal is award
ed annually for the highest achi
evement of an American Negro
in some field of endeavor. The
choice is not limited to any one
field and nominations are invited
from spiritual, scientific, artistic,
commercial and educational field.
Paul Robeson, noted actor and
singer, was the recipient of the
1945 Award for his distinguished
achievements in the theatre and
on the concert stage, as well as
his active concern for the rights
New York—The following let
ter was sent today to the Repub
lican National Committee asking
consideration of the 5 items—
FEPC, the Anti-Lynching Bill, the
Anti-Poll Tax Bill, the Housing
Bill and the conservative Repub
lican-Southern Democratic coali
tion—at its meeting in Washing
ton on Monday.
“As the Republican National
Committee meets on Monday, we (
ask, on behalf not only of 13 miL
lion American citizens of Negro
blood but as well on behalf of the
other Americans concerned with
the fate of our country, that the
Committee take unequivocal and
affirmative action in the 1944 Re
publican platform. We ask that
unless the Committee can see its
way clear to take act. on without
punch pulling it take no action
at all so that those interested may
thereby know that the Republican
National Committee does not See
fit to implement without reserva
tion its party pledges.
The issues upon which we re
quest affirmative action are:
(1) The Fair Employment Pra
ctice Commission
Support of Federal legislation of
this measure was pledged without
qualification in the 1944 platform.
But eight Republican Senators
failed to vote for cloture in the
United States Senate anj by that
margin cloture was not evoked. In
he House of Representatives the
lajority of Republicans have
'ailed to date to sign the discharge
petition despite inumerable pleas
to them that they do so. Repub- ^
lican signatures could bring the **
bill to the flloor for a vote imme- ^
diately. But those votes are to
date lacking We ask that the Re
publican National Committee take
whatever steps are possible under
its present machinery and that it
revise its policy and procedure if
necessary to secure enactment at
this session of the Congress of the
bill for the permanent FEPC.
(2) The Anti Lynching Bill
The recent mob outbreak at
Columbia, Tenn. the attempts to
revive such lawless organizations
as the Ku Klux Klan and similar
groups designed ^o stir up racial
an^ religious prejudice threaten a
recrudescense of mob violence
which can only be checked by
federal legislation. We ask the
Committee to go on record and to
implement such pledge by support
of cloture in the Senate and the
signing of the discharge petition
in the House.
(3) The Anti-Poll Tax Bill
The United States is vigorously
supporting democratic elections in
Bulgaria and Japan while Ameri
can citizens, Negro and white, ar®
denied the right to vote here in
the United States This is a most
extrordinary and hypocritical con
tradiction. Republican votes for
cloture can gring about “ie pas
sageo of the anti-poll tax bill with
in the next few weeks. Will the
Republican National Committee
see that these votes are forthcom
(4) Housing
Americans of all races and all
sections of the country desparate
ly need housing. A fantastically
financed lobby of real estate in
terests is bringing pressure to
bear on the Congress against hou
sing legislation. Many of the Re
publican Senators and Congress
man, as well as those on the other
side of the aisle, have given evi
dence of yielding to that pressure.
We ask the Republican National
Committee to repudiate this lob
by and to put forth every possi
ble effort for the immediate en
actment of such legislation.
(5) The recent public announce
ment of a coalition in the Con
gress between 'conservative Re
publicans and Southern Democr
ats, although evidence of such a
working agreement has long been .
seen, has unfuriated many Ameri
can citizens, particularly those of
a minority like the Nero, because
of the opposition of that coalition
to legislation desparately needed
for alleviation of suffering caused
by job discrimination, disfranchi
sement, mob violence and lack of
housing. We ask the Republican
National Committee to repudiate
this coalition without equivocation
The position taken by the Re
publican National Committee on
these issues will profoundly af
fect the decisions made in 1946
and 1948 by many Americans, but
particularly bv Negro citizens.
of the common of every race, re
ligion, and nationality
Recommendations for the award
should be submitted in writing to
the Secretary of the Committee of
Award, in care of NAACP, 20 W
40th St., New York 18, NY. Each
communication should state in de.
tail the achievement of the per
son recommended as meriting the
Springam Medal.
Albert Einstein, Harold Ickes, Huge Group
Join NAACP Columbia Riot Case Committee
New York, N. Y—Responding
to an appeal by th« NAACP to
lend their names and influence to
a tremendously growing move
ment to free the Negro citizens
or victims of the recent Columbia
riots a host of prominent citizens
many of them internationally fa
mous, have stated their willing
ness to serve on a committee.
Represented in the group are out
standing statesmen, churchmen,
journalists, and welfare leaders.
Heading the list on the newly
formed committee is Albert Ein
stein world famous scientists and
pioneer in the development of
atomic energy. The list also in
eludes Harold Ickes, ex-Secretary
of the Interior, Sidney Hillman,
labor leader, Col. Roy Evans Carl
son hero of Carlson’s marine rai
ders, David O. Selsnick, Holly
wood executive, Herbert Lehman,
ex-UNNRA chief, Helen Hayes i
and Hilda Simms of the theatre j
Also serving on the committee I
are Charlotte Hawkins Brown,,
Judge Jane Bolin, Oscar C. Brown J
Chicago NAACP; James B. Carey j
Cong. William L. Dawson, Earl
B. Dickerson, Roscoe Dungee, Ed
win R. Embree, W. J. Faulkner,
David M. Grant, Thomas L. Grif
fith, Jr., George E. C. Hayes, Revi
Charles Hill, Lillie M. Jackson,
Baltimore NAACP; Dr. D. V Je
mison, -Nat’l Baptist Convention
Inc., Rev. John H. Johnson, F'reda
Kirchway, Cong. Charles LaFoI
lette, Max Lerner, A. A. Lucas,
Houston, Texas, NAACP State
Conference. Also Senator Wayne
.Morse; Carl Murphy, NAACP
Board member, T. G. Nutter, of
Charleston West Virginia; James
G. Patton; Charles Poletti, Natl
Medical Association; William Jay
Schieffelin; John H. Sengstacke,
Nathan Straus; Mabel K. Stau
Pers, National Association of CoL
lored Graduate Nurses; Dr. J. M.
.Tinsley, NAACP Board member*
Leon Washington, Jr., Los Ange
les Sentenel.
„ Bedford Park’s Beautiful Lots Are on the Market F or Sale Now!
Call Realty Improvement Company 342 Electric Bldg. JA-7718 or JA-1620 “Small Down Payment Will Do tfae Job”.