The Omaha guide. (Omaha, Neb.) 1927-19??, March 23, 1946, Page 2, Image 2
Call Upon American People to Observe "Abolish the Poll Tax Week” _ WASHINGTON Senators Hom er Ferguson of Michigan, Repub lican, and James M. Mead of New York, Democrat, today jointly called upon the American people to observe Abolish the Poll 'lax Veek, March 24-31, in order "by all the powers of free expression. .. in this great democracy" to guar antee that t-e federal bill to abol ish the poll tax is brought before the United States Snate a. d pass ed. Senator Ferguson and Mead are leaders of the bi-partisan Senj ate Steering Committee on HR. 7, th anti-poll tax hill. According to informer sources, the poll tax section of the Demo cratic Party is making great be hind the scenes effort to keep the b Hi-nop tax bill from coming up. The Senators’ call for Abolish the Poll Tax Week is one answer to such effort. The joi.it call touched on the in ternational situation when it open ed with "As American we believe that the best and only way to solve the differences that may come between us is by the honor able and hallowed way of a free vote. VYe stand before tve w r|d todav as pleaders for other Na "IT PAYS TO LOOK WELL” — MAYO’S BARBER SHOP — Ladies and Children’s Work A Specialty 2422 LAKE STREET tions to Settle their differences by this method Therefore we can not longer stand for the condition that still exists in seven of our Southern states whereby the peo ple are denied a free vote by the archaic and inexcusable poll tax.” The statement went on: 'Twice before when this issue has come before the Unite^ States Senate, a filibuster has prevented the Senate from voting on it- Two thirds of the Senate must concur before a filibuster can be stopped 'Therefore we call upon the A mericin people to observe the Week of March 24 to 31 as Abolish In 3 Poll Tax Week and by all the powers of free expression that we have in this g~eat democraiy, to ca'l upon the Senators of the Uni ted States to vote to free the peo ple :n seven of our own States from this blot on our democracy.... to restore to them a free franch ise so that they may enjoy those great freedoms that are the basis of Am rican citizenship.” Signed, Homer Ferguson. James M. Mead. BEAUTICIANS TO HOLD N. 1. CONGRESS MAY 12-14 New York City—(C)—-March 27—Mrs. Cordelia Green Johnson, National President of the Nation al Beauty Culturists League Inc. is making a tour of the South to formulate plans for the only offi c:al Congiess to be held in NY City May 12, 13 and 14. Beauticians school heads, man- j ufacturers and distributors from' - I ®S1 *Ijl) i JtJ?i¥ I } S'? | ¥i»,WSi 111 IH 11 fj l jj HP(p U|91 ’ j f®«8 You Can Save Up to 83% ... > Suy the MODERN Way Guaranteed or r # # Money Refunded GENUINE WINDPROOF $^00 Bar*»,n No. 201 »LIGHTER. Only,. & ,J“*ed I® Smart and dependable! Thrives on wind! Handsomely designed ■■aS- junded corners, crinkle finish. Fits easily into p cket or purse" /^Lights quickiy and easily—flip open protective top, spin large wheel1 Satisfaction guaranteed! Don’t miss this bargain At Last ... the New Expansion Watch Band You’ve Been Waiting For Bargain S‘^00 Complete ... 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Davis, organizing chairman of the Famine Emergency Committee, released this statement March 13 in behalf of the Committee, urging the planting of Victory Gardens in 1946 to increase the food supply. “In releasing more wheat, fats, oils, and other critically needed foods for shipment to starving people abroad, we recognize the essential part that the Victory Garden pro duction will play in lileping to provide food for the people of America,” Mr. Davis said. “An abundance of nutri tious home-grown food will permit much greater shipment of the food items so critically needed abroad. “The President and the Secretary of Agriculture have called for full effort again this year by the Victory Garden ers of the Nation. This Famine Emergency Committee considers the Victory Garden production as one of the im portant parts of this entire emergency food program.’ This is a definite and positive wav in which a large percentage of our citizens can help in relieving the suffering of the starving people of the world.” 34 states will attend the three day session which will be held at the Abysinia Baptist Church, 130 W. 138th St., Nr City. Achievements an,} future advan cement of Negroes in Beauty Cul ture, Industry, Scholarship move ments and the general post war problems of Negro Beauticians ai-d -nail business. The local leaders of the Nation al Beauty Culture League, the N V State Beauticians Ass’n, the Be auticians Volunteer Group and Affiliated Organizations include— Mrs. May Garrio; Mrs. Indiana Crump; Mrs. Effie Bushell; Miss Anna McGhee; Mrs. Mary Canni zator; Miss Orphelia Johnson: Mrs Mamie Harley; Earl Gallard ' and hundreds of other beauty op erators and shop owners. Many of these were closely as sociated with Mrs. Johnson and Mrs Gadsen in the War Bond and Stamp sale campaign of the Bea uticians Volunteer Corp. which was founded by Mrs. Gadsen and made a national body under Mrs. Cordelia G. Johnson, general su pervision. The BUC have to their credit the sale of millions in War1 Bonds. They had the full coopera tion of Beauticians in all parts of the South. Major cities in these two places, the North and South, were the campaign centers. The winner of the “My Favorite Beautician” contest sponsored by the VOICE, will be the official ( hostess to the winner of the Na tional Beauty Contest. YWCA TAKES IN NEGRO GIRLS Atlantic City, N. J (Cl—The Young Women’s Christian Asso ciation overwhelmingly voted in clusion of Negro girls and " omen into the ‘main stream of life' of the YWCA. In a 35 program con vention delegates urged broaden ing of committee so that they would be interracial in nature ar.d that they be appointed and exa mine recommendation in light of the local situation and take the initiative to help them operative. The convention advacated that the governing body be nominated from those who will seek to move to Help H you plan a Hanaai Vacation am TOCftn ,' . | Mail coupon below \ yH\OH P^clfl* _r^M lor this free folder When planning your summer or fall vacation, this handy folder will help you decide where to go. I' contains a pictorial map of the West; also description of famous ■western vacation regions including ‘Yellowstone National Park, Colo rado, Arizona's Grand Canyon Na tional Park, Utah's Zion and Bryce Canyon National Parks, California and the Pacific Northwest. Begin your vacation with relaxation — rest as you ride Your tourney by rail will be a high spot of your vacation days. 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J Name ____ I Address ___ I ___.Slats,_ toward inclusion of women and " on equal terms regardless of race. xi.nong the recommendations so unaminiously endorced were: That in communities where, because of rigid patterns of separation it may not now be possible for white and Negro women and girls to be men. bers of the same groups, Ir.tercluh councils and other inter group ac? tivities be consciously employed to bridge the gap GOERING ON WITNESS STAND Nuernberg, Germany.Radiopho to-Soundphoto—Hermann Wilhelm Goering, erstwhile Chief Marshall of Nazi Reich, shown as he took witnesg stand in his own defense at Nuernberg war crimes trial. He praised himself as one man "ho could fulfil Adolph Hitler’s ‘ideals’. Goering wearing a gray uniform with brass buttons but no medals is shown guarded in box. Interest of Negro Citizen Imbedded In Every Phase of Social Reconstruction The National Urban League for Social Service Amarg Negroes has insistently reminded the nnatio that the interest of Negro citizens cut across and are imbedded in every single phar.e ofsocigljre construction declared R. O'Hara Lanier member of the League’s National Committee, an^ newly appointed Minister to Liberia, who spoke for the National Ur ban League’s Vocational Opportu nity Campaign Week. March 10 16, was heard over the Columbia Broadcasting Sytem in his last public address before departing for the Republic of Liberia, where he " ill represent the United States as Minister Plenipotiary and En voy Extraordinary. Speaking directly to the Lea gue’s VOC slogan for American Negro Youth, “The Future is Yours—Plan and Prepare”, Lan ier said the status of Negro citi zens is the most sensitive baro meter of American democracy. The prestige, and indeed the honor of our country, the Liber ian appointee observed, depend upon the degree to which every citizen within our democracy is granted full participation in our national and community life, and equal protection for his social and economic welfare. Iam therefore particularly im pressed. he stated further, that the National Urban League’s 14th Vocational Opportunity Campaign being observed this week has as its slogan ‘The furture is yours— plan and prepare’ That slogan is a challenge to the Negro youth of America. It is a challenge also doses I only 2$ L jgf I to the rest of America- While it is equally true that those who set employment policies and practices have a responsibility for provid ing equality of economic opportu nity for those Negro youth who are prepared and qualified for jobs Until equality of opportunity for ALL becomes a reality in our na tion—until we are able to put aside the distorted concepts of the place of some of our citizens in our economic and cultural life— we cannot assume our rightful IkeJfonte ^auut | Rep&itesi Jin WASHINGTON ^By Walter Shead ::'I WNU Correspondent WNU Washington Bureau. 1616 Eye St.. N. W. Powerful Lobby Fighting Missouri Valley Project XflGOROUS freshman Congress ’ man Charles Raymon Savage of the state of Washington's third dis trict, former official of both CIO and AFL unions, former grange master and 4-H club leader, and himself a construction engineer, touched the match which may set off a congressional investigation into the lobbying-activities of power and other interests seeking to defeat the regional authority measures for public control of the Missouri, Columbia and other river basins. The young Washington congress man minced no words when he called upon the congress to insti tute an investigation “of the ex penditures and of the corrupt prac tices" of the organizations lobbying against passage of these measures seeking to harness the rivers under congressional grants of regional au thorities. Last fall this writer told you of the formation of one of the most powerful lobbies in Washington's legislative history to defeat the Mur ray Missouri Valley authority bill and companion bills, which include the Columbia River Valley authority ! measure. Now the lobby has been dragged . onto the floor of congress and un cloaked for all to see as “the largest lobby of its kind in all pow er history . . . spending hundreds of thousands of dollars a year in fluencing legislation. ..." Congressman Savage declares the lobby consists of a “small group of men, led by a former Insull com pany official, spearheading the or J ganization, financing the operation of these three high-sounding organ izations: the Reclamation associa tion, the National Association of I Electric companies, and the natural resources committee of the U. S. | chamber of commerce. Out to Rook People “They are tied together as tight ly as peas in a pod in their plan to rook the American people,” Con gressman Savage said. , He charged# these organizations are seeking to prevent the construc tion of power dams by government in the nation’s rivers. Failing in that, they are seeking to buy the power at the bus bar “to repeat their Muscle Shoals steal by pay ing the government a fifth of a cent a kilowatt and force the peo ple to pay 10 cents ... 50 times as much as it cost them.” The gentleman from Washington state charged that the lobbies have entered into “a definite conspiracy to break the Holding Company act”; that they are seeking to cripple the Rural Electric administration, to discredit TVA, to block the Colum bia River Valley authority bill and to thwart other public power pro grams. He declared that the lobby was headed by Purcell L. Smith and Kinsey W. Robinson. Smith, ne said, is former treasurer of Illinois Power & Light, jointly owned by the late Sam Insull and North American company. Also he was a former president of the Insull hold ing company, the Mid-West corpora tion, and then an officer of the Commonwealth Edison company of Chicago. “He (Smith) is now receiving S65, 000 a year for his lobbying efforts,” Mr. Savage said. Mr. Robinson, the ! congressman charged, is leader of i the resource committee of the U. S. ! chamber of commerce and presi 1 dent of Washington Water Power company and “has been lobbying against Columbia river legislation since 1937.” He charged that the lobby through referendum 81 of the U. S. C. of C., attempted to get support for legis lation placing Columbia river pow er into their hands at the bus bar in the recent Rivers and Harbors bill, out failed. 1 Gift to Slick Promoters “II that provision had gone into the till, we would have deeded over all o our great streams, lock, stock and >arrel, to a group of slick east en ind midwestem promoters," Savage said. He charged that 95 power com paniis were supporting the Wash ingtm office of the Reclamation as sociition, “a lobby much larger than the lobby which was created to d:feat the Walsh resolution cov ering an Investigation into power trusl financing and propaganda in 1926." He cited evidence intending to show that the efforts of the lobby had postponed indefinitely furthei heamgs on the Missouri valley authirity bill and the same attempt was being made before the house rive.'S and harbors committee on the Columbia river authority bill. Referring to the activities of Pur cell Smith. Savage said: "This for mer Insull associate recently stated that 95 power companies are sup portng his office here in Washing ton. We will find their handiwork in every bureau and department and in much of our legislation." place as leaders in a better world to come. Mr. Lanier’s radio address was carried coast to coast over CBS in observance of the League's VOC week. Local radio programs were held in many of the 54 League cities. Mr. Lanier was formerly on the staff of UNRRA. and prior to I that Acting President of Hamp | ton Institute, Hampton, Va. ZALE,MID-WEIGHT CHAMP EYEING ‘SUGAR’ ROBINSON AS CONTENDER New York—(CNS)—The Middle weight Champion, Tony Zale win be ready to defend his title by Ju ly at either the Polo Grounds or Yankee Stadium, according to Sam Pian, Zale’s manager. Pian met with Promoter Mike Jacobs this week to discuss future dates with -WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS_ U. S. Cracks Down on Russia; British. Loan Called Trade Aid; Modify Emergency Housing Bill —— ■ ■ Released by Western Newspaper Union •jEDITOR'S NOTE: When opinions are expressed in these columns, they are those of Western Newspaper Union's news analysts and not necessarily of this newspaper.) DIPLOMACY: Crack Doivn First evidence of a stiffening of U. S. policy toward Russia was con tained in the state department’s warning that this country could not remain indifferent to the Reds’ refusal to withdraw from Iran in accordance with an agreement made in 1942 and reaffirmed at Teheran. Oil-rich, Iran has been prominent in the news since its northwestern province of Azerbajain moved for local self-rule and Russian troops prevented efforts of the central government to quell the revolt. Dur ing negotiations between Russia and Iran for withdrawal of Red forces from the country, Moscow was said to have pressed for oil concessions, held exclusively by the U. S. and Britain. While the state department’s note to Russia emphasized that this country could not sit idly by while tri-partite agreements affecting an other nation’s sovereignty were bro ken, it urged the Reds to retire to promote the confidence necessary for fostering world peace. Having pressed the Russians on the Iranian situation, the state de partment followed with another pro test to Moscow over the Reds’ loot ing of Japanese industries in Man churia and their efforts to set up a joint Russian-Sino economic rule over the province to the exclusion of other nations. BRITISH LOAN: CaHed Aid Declaring that the alternative to lending financial assistance to Brit ain was a postwar economic dog fight. the administration opened its fight for the 3% billion dollar loan to the United Kingdom with Secre tary of the Treasury Vinson and As sistant Secretary of State Clayton endorsing the advance before the senate banking and currency com mittee. Vinson and Clayton presented parallel testimony to the solons, as serting that if Britain were unable to obtain dollars with which to buy Vinson: Warns of Dog-fight. goods', she would tighten up her ex change regulations and conserve her resources for careful expenditure within a friendly trading bloc. The result would be a return to high tariffs, sanctions and other restric tions which bogged trade prior to World W’ar II and spurred the de velopment of totalitarian economy. Disclosing that the U. S. had turned down a Russian bid for a six billion dollar loan, Vinson told the senators the administration did not contemplate direct loans to oth er nations. However, money will be advanced to foreign countries through the Export-Import bank, set up before the war to stimulate trade and possessing limited loan ing power of billion dollars. HOUSING: Emergency Bill Though balking against imposi tion of ceilings on old houses and payment of 600 million dollars in subsidies to building material manu facturers to step up the flow of sup plies, the house approved an emer gency housing bill giving the gov ernment broad powers to speed low cost residential construction. Pushed through by a coalition of Republicans and southern Demo crats, the bill gives Housing Ex pediter Wilson Wyatt independent luthority to channel building mate rials into home construction through priorities until June, 1947; set prices for such materials to increase out put, and halt the export of lumber or other scarce supplies. Other provisions of the measure establish preference for war vets in the purchase of new dwi tijUs; in crease the FHA's resourcej to in sure mortgages of ex-G.I.s Dy one billion dollars and set ceiling prices on new homes. BROTHERHOOD: Truman Plea With former Prime Minister Win ston Churchill’s plea for a U. S. British military alliance posing the question of American adoption of the proposal or continued adherence to the United Nations Organization for maintaining world peace. Presi dent Truman stood by UNO in an address before the Federal Council of Churches in America at Colum bus, Ohio. Though sponsoring Churchill’s speech at Fulton. Mo., Mr. Truman apparently intended to await public reaction to the proposal before tak ing a position himself. Meanwhile, the President avowed complete sup port to UNO, declaring that this country expected to defend it and work for its perfection along with the other member nations. In addressing the 500 delegates, representing 25 million Protestanls, Mr. Truman declared that only through the observance of Christian principles could any mechanism for peace be successful. Extending the thought to domestic affairs, he as , serted that only through religious fervor could the country develop a social program designed to meet the needs of the mass of people In considering the church’s posi tion in the postwar world, the coun cil unanimously adopted a resolu tion condemning any form of raci*! segregation. Presenting the resolution, Dr. Henry Sloane Coffin, noted Presbyte rian theologian, rapped church or ganizations themselves for practic ing discrimination against Negro and other minority groups. Many church - supported hospitals, schools and theological seminaries were guilty of the offense in varying de grees. he said, and some churches themselves refused to hire people on racial or other grounds. DENAZIFICATION: Germans Help To speed the arraignment and trial ‘of between 1,500.000 and 2,000.000 Germans charged with Naziism, U. S. military authorities approved a law promulgated by provincial governments of the American occupation zone providing for prosecution of suspects in local courts. Applicable to the U. S. zone only, the new procedure is expected to al low rapid disposition of pending cases and removal of much of the uncertainty affecting sectional economy. Germans hope that con victed persons might be substituted for war prisoners presently em ployed as forced labor by the Allies. To be tried by anti-Nazi prosecu tors and three-man tribunals, de fendants will be classified into four broad categories, including major offenders, active promoters of Hit lerism, youthful adherents and nominal party members who joined the movement for business or social convenience. While penalties for major offenders and active pro moters include forced labor, confis cation of property and restriction on employment privileges, the other groups would be subject to occupa tional curbs and fines. STRIKE: Crisis Brewing As the CIO-United Automobile Workers strike against General Mo tors proceeded through its fourth month, pressure grew for settlement of the walkout to avert a crisis re sulting from the prolonged idleness of 175,000 production employees. With the union and management remaining one big cent apart from agreement on wages and both sides indicating no inclination to budge, the city of Detroit appealed to President Truman to personally Intervene because the strike was seriously Impairing the economic life of the community. To provide funds for growing relief applica tions, the city authorized an appro priation of $400,000. Increasing bitterness developed between the UAW and G.M. over the company’s refusal to go above its offer of an 18% cent an hour wage increase or submit the issue of paying 19% cents to an impar tial arbitrator. With the UAW con vention scheduled for March 23 to 31, union spokesmen charged that the company hoped to prolong the strike to create dissatisfaction over present officials and open the way for their ouster. Japan Again Provides Foreign Outlet lor D. S. Cotton The U. S. is starting to regain an important foreign outlet for raw cotton by means of government ex ports to Japan, which took one-fourth of shipments of the staple before the war. Until private trading, now forbidden for security reasons, is again permitted, the only way of regaining the Japanese market is through government channels. Under the program now getting under way, Commodity Credit cor poration stocks of cotton will be shipped to a Japanese government al agency designated by the su preme commander of the Allied powers in Japan* and enough of the textiles manufactured from the cot ton will be accepted to reimburse the U. S. in full. Establishment of the supply line will take 200,000 bales of CCC cotton within a month, the department of agriculture re ported. his boy. He feels that Zale, just back from the Navy isn’t ready immediately to defend his title but could take on some tune ups until luly. As to whom the challenger would be for the July event, Pian an<j Zale have in mind, Ray ‘Sugar Robinson or Jake La Motta and possibly even Georgie Abrams. PHO!\E 7Y YOUR LOCAL NEWS 'HiniHf.ununiniiu .. ...— Ingrained Tradition Though soon to be shorn of power* under new Jap constitution, Hirohito retains reverence of these Jap repa triates, bowing to the ground upon his entrance to their quarters at Kamoi. JAPAN: Neiv Sun Emerging over the horizon of a defeated Japan, a new sun arose. It spread the hope and aspiration embodied in the new constitution drawn up after five months of de liberations between American and Nipponese officials. Endorsed by General MacArthur. Premier Shidehara and Emperor Hirohito himself, the new constitu tion strips the mikado of all his sov ereign power, provid^ for the free election of two representative houses and assures freedom of thought, press, religion and speech. Of particular interest was the con stitution's prohibition of an army, navy, air force and other war facili ties, and the renunciation of the use of force in settlement of internation al problems. In declaring that-Japan was willing to become the first na tion to outlaw armaments, Nippon ese spokesmen hoped that the rest of the world would acgept the same principle and follow the example. OPA: Ease Price Control Though price controls were re moved from musical instruments and a wide variety of miscellaneous items ranging from ice bowls to bull rings, OPA threatened to restore regulations if retail charges bound ed from reasonable levels. Included in the items freed from price control were such sporting equipment as fishing, archery, ski ing, croquet, bowling, baseball, bas ketball, football, golf and hockey. Though playing uniforms were ex empted, control was maintained over shoes because of their general usefulness. Among the miscellaneous items af fected by the OPA action were low cost kitchen utensils, cowbells, buck ets, coffee servers, unglazed flower pots, safety goggles and industrial clothing designed for protection against hazardous occupations. With supplies adequate, price control was temporarily relinquished over phonograph records, electric lamp bulbs, firearms and ammunition. STEEL: Kaiser Balked World War II’s outstanding entre peneur, big, burly Henry Kaiser was forced to exercise all of his ingenu ity in procuring sheet steel if he was to go ahead with plans for the production of his postwar autos. Kaiser’s difficulties arose over his inability to obtain sheet steel from major producers, who claimed that supplies were limited and prefer ence was being given to established customers. Only two companies considered shipments, Kaiser inter ests said, but they conditioned their action upon the consent of other firms to deliver material. Boiling over. Kaiser and Joseph W Frazer, his auto-making associ ate, asked the department of justice to investigate the steel companies’ action, charging impairment of competition. They also called upon the economic stabilization board to allocate available supplies to users. Though Kaiser operates a steel plant at Fontana, Calif., he has no sheet rolling facilities and installation of such equipment at the government owned plant he is thinking of buy ing in Gary, Ind., would cost 25 mil lion dollars. UNEMPLOYMENT: Despite the fact that several hun dred thousand veterans were return ing monthly during the last months of 1945, the rise in unemployment was in no wise as sharp as expect ed, according to the Alexander Hamilton Institute. With 830,000 out of work in August, unemployment has shown a steady increase since then due primarily to curtailment of war production following V-J Day. Reconversion has absorbed many of these idle war workers, however.